E R Braver

Summary

Affiliation: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Race, Hispanic origin, and socioeconomic status in relation to motor vehicle occupant death rates and risk factors among adults
    Elisa R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:295-309. 2003
  2. pmc Seating positions and children's risk of dying in motor vehicle crashes
    E R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 4:181-7. 1998
  3. ncbi request reprint Toll road crashes of commercial and passenger motor vehicles
    Elisa R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22701 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:293-303. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Two-vehicle side impact crashes: the relationship of vehicle and crash characteristics to injury severity
    C M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 29:399-406. 1997
  5. ncbi request reprint Fatal crashes of passenger vehicles before and after adding antilock braking systems
    C M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 29:745-57. 1997
  6. ncbi request reprint Reductions in deaths in frontal crashes among right front passengers in vehicles equipped with passenger air bags
    E R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    JAMA 278:1437-9. 1997
  7. pmc Are older drivers actually at higher risk of involvement in collisions resulting in deaths or non-fatal injuries among their passengers and other road users?
    E R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 10:27-32. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint A photograph-based study of the incidence of fatal truck underride crashes in Indiana
    E R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 30:235-43. 1998
  9. pmc Older driver involvements in police reported crashes and fatal crashes: trends and projections
    S Lyman
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 8:116-20. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort study
    Elisa R Braver
    National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:546-52. 2008

Detail Information

Publications21

  1. ncbi request reprint Race, Hispanic origin, and socioeconomic status in relation to motor vehicle occupant death rates and risk factors among adults
    Elisa R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:295-309. 2003
    ..More effective public health efforts are needed to reduce occupant deaths among persons of lower SES, blacks, and Hispanics, including measures to increase use of seat belts and reduce alcohol-impaired driving...
  2. pmc Seating positions and children's risk of dying in motor vehicle crashes
    E R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 4:181-7. 1998
    ..To determine the effects of seating position, combined with restraint use and airbag status, on children's risk of dying in crashes...
  3. ncbi request reprint Toll road crashes of commercial and passenger motor vehicles
    Elisa R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22701 4751, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 34:293-303. 2002
    ..Whether crash rates, on toll roads of commercial motor vehicles are higher or lower than those of passenger vehicles appears to depend on the type of crash, specific toll road. and traffic density...
  4. ncbi request reprint Two-vehicle side impact crashes: the relationship of vehicle and crash characteristics to injury severity
    C M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 29:399-406. 1997
    ..However, among occupants seated on the side of the vehicle opposite the impact, the likelihood of serious injury was higher for those seated in light trucks...
  5. ncbi request reprint Fatal crashes of passenger vehicles before and after adding antilock braking systems
    C M Farmer
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 29:745-57. 1997
    ..Overall, antilock brakes appear to have had little effect on fatal crash involvement. Further study is needed to better understand why fatality risk has increased for occupants of antilock vehicles...
  6. ncbi request reprint Reductions in deaths in frontal crashes among right front passengers in vehicles equipped with passenger air bags
    E R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    JAMA 278:1437-9. 1997
    ..Virtually all new cars now are equipped with passenger air bags. Determining whether passenger air bags are saving lives is important, particularly because passenger air bags have caused some deaths among children and adults...
  7. pmc Are older drivers actually at higher risk of involvement in collisions resulting in deaths or non-fatal injuries among their passengers and other road users?
    E R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 10:27-32. 2004
    ..This study revisited the question of driver age in relation to the risks of older drivers and others sharing the road with them, including pedestrians, passengers in the same vehicle, and occupants of other vehicles...
  8. ncbi request reprint A photograph-based study of the incidence of fatal truck underride crashes in Indiana
    E R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 30:235-43. 1998
    ..Preventing underride would have substantially reduced the likelihood of death or serious injury in ca 20% of the underride crashes...
  9. pmc Older driver involvements in police reported crashes and fatal crashes: trends and projections
    S Lyman
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Inj Prev 8:116-20. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify the potential effects of this population increase on highway safety...
  10. ncbi request reprint Using head-on collisions to compare risk of driver death by frontal air bag generation: a matched-pair cohort study
    Elisa R Braver
    National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:546-52. 2008
    ..A borderline significant interaction between vehicle type and air bag generation suggested that sled-certified air bags may have reduced the risk of dying in head-on collisions among drivers of pickup trucks...
  11. ncbi request reprint Do speeding tickets reduce the likelihood of receiving subsequent speeding tickets? A longitudinal study of speeding violators in Maryland
    Saranath Lawpoolsri
    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:26-34. 2007
    ..This study examined the effects of being cited for speeding and types of legal consequences on drivers' subsequent speeding citations, which are an indicator of speeding behavior...
  12. ncbi request reprint Older drivers and motor vehicle crashes
    Elisa R Braver
    National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Hosp Med 65:599-604. 2004
    ..As their numbers grow, understanding the risks that older drivers pose to themselves and other road users is important for appropriate clinical and policy decisions...
  13. doi request reprint Deaths among drivers and right-front passengers in frontal collisions: redesigned air bags relative to first-generation air bags
    Elisa R Braver
    Charles McC Mathias National Study Center for Trauma and Emergency Medical Systems, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 9:48-58. 2008
    ..Concern has been expressed that depowering air bags could compromise the protection of adult occupants. This study aimed to determine the effects of changes in air bag designs on risk of death among front-seat occupants...
  14. ncbi request reprint Drivers' use of handheld cell phones before and after New York State's cell phone law
    Anne T McCartt
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201 4751, USA
    Prev Med 36:629-35. 2003
    ..The law, accompanied by considerable publicity, included a warning phase (November 2001), after which violators could be fined. Until March 2002, fines could be waived if motorists provided proof of purchase of hands-free accessories...
  15. ncbi request reprint Fragility versus excessive crash involvement as determinants of high death rates per vehicle-mile of travel among older drivers
    Guohua Li
    Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1830 East Monument Street, Suite 6 100, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:227-35. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that measures to improve the protection of older vehicle occupants in crashes should be vigorously pursued...
  16. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of side air bags in reducing driver deaths in driver-side collisions
    Elisa R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, VA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 159:556-64. 2004
    ..Head/torso side air bags appear to be very effective in reducing nearside driver deaths, whereas torso-only air bags appear less protective...
  17. pmc Comparing driver frontal mortality in vehicles with redesigned and older-design front airbags
    Elisa R Braver
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, Arlington, Virginia, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 48:1-14. 2004
    ..However, the contrary finding for pickups needs to be researched further...
  18. ncbi request reprint Driver mortality in frontal crashes: comparison of newer and older airbag designs
    Elisa R Braver
    National Study Center for Trauma and EMS, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 6:24-30. 2005
    ..However, the contrary finding for pickups needs to be researched further...
  19. pmc Injury patterns and severity among hospitalized motorcyclists: a comparison of younger and older riders
    Patricia C Dischinger
    The Charles Mc C Mathias, Jr National Study Center for Trauma and EMS, University of Maryland, Baltimore Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Annu Proc Assoc Adv Automot Med 50:237-49. 2006
    ..The magnitude of increased risks related to 1000+ cc engine size was higher among older motorcyclists than younger motorcyclists...
  20. ncbi request reprint Persuasion and licensure: a randomized controlled intervention trial to increase licensure rates among Maryland motorcycle owners
    Elisa R Braver
    War Related Illness and Injury Study Center, Washington DC Veterans Affairs Medical Center, DC, USA
    Traffic Inj Prev 8:39-46. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Occupant deaths in large truck crashes in the United States: 25 years of experience
    Stephen Lyman
    Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, 1005 North Glebe Road, Arlington, VA 22201, USA
    Accid Anal Prev 35:731-9. 2003
    ..Research is needed on measures to better protect both occupants of large trucks and passenger vehicle occupants colliding with them...