S J Warden


Affiliation: Indiana University
Country: USA


  1. Warden S, Hill K, Ferira A, Laing E, Martin B, Hausman D, et al. Racial differences in cortical bone and their relationship to biochemical variables in Black and White children in the early stages of puberty. Osteoporos Int. 2013;24:1869-79 pubmed publisher
    ..Divergence in tibial cortical bone properties between Blacks and Whites is established by the early stages of puberty with the enhanced cortical bone properties in Black children possibly being explained by higher PTH and OC. ..
  2. Warden S, Avin K, Beck E, DeWolf M, Hagemeier M, Martin K. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound accelerates and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug delays knee ligament healing. Am J Sports Med. 2006;34:1094-102 pubmed
    ..Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound after ligament injury may facilitate earlier return to activity, whereas non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may elevate early reinjury risk. ..
  3. Warden S. Cyclo-oxygenase-2 inhibitors : beneficial or detrimental for athletes with acute musculoskeletal injuries?. Sports Med. 2005;35:271-83 pubmed
    ..However, they do not appear to be associated with adverse cardiovascular effects, and they are effective pain relievers and cheaper alternatives. ..
  4. Warden S, Hurst J, Sanders M, Turner C, Burr D, Li J. Bone adaptation to a mechanical loading program significantly increases skeletal fatigue resistance. J Bone Miner Res. 2005;20:809-16 pubmed
    ..This indicates that an exercise program aimed at modifying bone structure may be used as a possible prevention strategy for stress fractures. ..
  5. Warden S, Metcalf B, Kiss Z, Cook J, Purdam C, Bennell K, et al. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound for chronic patellar tendinopathy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Rheumatology (Oxford). 2008;47:467-71 pubmed publisher
    ..5 cm; 95% CI, -2.1, 1.1 cm) (P = 0.57). A per-protocol analysis provided similar results. These findings suggest that LIPUS does not provide any additional benefit over and above placebo in the management of symptoms associated with PT. ..
  6. Warden S, Hassett S, Bond J, Rydberg J, Grogg J, Hilles E, et al. Psychotropic drugs have contrasting skeletal effects that are independent of their effects on physical activity levels. Bone. 2010;46:985-92 pubmed publisher
  7. Warden S, Creaby M, Bryant A, Crossley K. Stress fracture risk factors in female football players and their clinical implications. Br J Sports Med. 2007;41 Suppl 1:i38-43 pubmed
    ..This paper discusses these risk factors and their implications in terms of developing prevention and management strategies for stress fractures in female football players. ..
  8. Warden S, Bogenschutz E, Smith H, Gutierrez A. Throwing induces substantial torsional adaptation within the midshaft humerus of male baseball players. Bone. 2009;45:931-41 pubmed publisher
  9. Warden S, Weatherholt A, Gudeman A, Mitchell D, Thompson W, Fuchs R. Progressive skeletal benefits of physical activity when young as assessed at the midshaft humerus in male baseball players. Osteoporos Int. 2017;28:2155-2165 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, physical activity should be encouraged at the earliest age possible and be continued into early adulthood to optimize skeletal benefits. ..

More Information


  1. Warden S, Robling A, Sanders M, Bliziotes M, Turner C. Inhibition of the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) transporter reduces bone accrual during growth. Endocrinology. 2005;146:685-93 pubmed
    ..These findings indicate a role for the 5-HTT in the regulation of bone accrual in the growing skeleton and point to a need for further research into the prescription of SSRIs to children and adolescents. ..
  2. Warden S, Saxon L, Castillo A, Turner C. Knee ligament mechanical properties are not influenced by estrogen or its receptors. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2006;290:E1034-40 pubmed
  3. Castillo A, Alam I, Tanaka S, Levenda J, Li J, Warden S, et al. Low-amplitude, broad-frequency vibration effects on cortical bone formation in mice. Bone. 2006;39:1087-1096 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data suggest that low-amplitude, broad-frequency vibration superimposed onto an osteogenic waveform or vibration alone does not enhance cortical bone adaptation at the frequencies, amplitudes and loading periods tested...
  4. Warden S, Kiss Z, Malara F, Ooi A, Cook J, Crossley K. Comparative accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography in confirming clinically diagnosed patellar tendinopathy. Am J Sports Med. 2007;35:427-36 pubmed
    ..The comparative accuracy of these modalities has not been established...