Affiliation: Howard University
- Heart rate variability during sleep and the early development of posttraumatic stress disorderThomas A Mellman
Department of Psychiatry, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA
Biol Psychiatry 55:953-6. 2004....
- Sleep and anxiety disordersThomas A Mellman
Department of Psychiatry, Howard University Mental Health Clinic, Washington, DC 20059, USA
Psychiatr Clin North Am 29:1047-58; abstract x. 2006..Established treatments for anxiety disorders and insomnia have many overlapping components; however, optimal sequencing and integration of the approaches remain under-investigated...
- One's sex, sleep, and posttraumatic stress disorderIhori Kobayashi
Department of Psychiatry, Howard University, 530 College St, NW, Washington, DC, 20060, USA
Biol Sex Differ 3:29. 2012....
- Sleep paralysis and trauma, psychiatric symptoms and disorders in an adult African American population attending primary medical careThomas A Mellman
Department ofPsychiatry, Howard University Mental Health Clinic, 530 College St, Washington, DC 20059, USA
Depress Anxiety 25:435-40. 2008..Our findings suggest that SP is not uncommon in adult African Americans and is associated with trauma and concurrent distress but not with a specific psychiatric diagnosis...
- Sleep disturbances in the aftermath of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorderThomas A Mellman
Department of Psychiatry, Howard University, Mental Health Clinic, 530 College Street NW, Washington, DC 20059, USA
CNS Spectr 11:611-5. 2006..Disrupted REM sleep and increased sympathetic/noradrenergic activity may have implications for understanding recent promising interventions for PTSD sleep disturbance that can be applied to early intervention...
- Relationships between REM sleep findings and PTSD symptoms during the early aftermath of traumaThomas A Mellman
Department of Psychiatry, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, USA
J Trauma Stress 20:893-901. 2007..Relative beta frequency during REM sleep from a subset of cases correlated negatively with PTSD and nightmare severity. These findings suggest a link between subjective symptoms and REM sleep phenomena acutely following trauma...
- Posttraumatic stress disorder and nocturnal blood pressure dipping in young adult African AmericansThomas A Mellman
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, DC 20059, USA
Psychosom Med 71:627-30. 2009..Nocturnal BP "nondipping" is an established risk factor for HTN and its cardiovascular complications. Nocturnal BP nondipping and sleep disturbances of PTSD have both been linked to sympathetic nervous system function...
- Serotonin polymorphisms and posttraumatic stress disorder in a trauma exposed African American populationThomas A Mellman
Howard University College of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Washington, District of Columbia 20060, USA
Depress Anxiety 26:993-7. 2009....
- Trauma, resilience, and recovery in a high-risk African-American populationTanya N Alim
Department of Psychiatry, Howard University, Washington, DC, USA
Am J Psychiatry 165:1566-75. 2008....
- REM sleep and the early development of posttraumatic stress disorderThomas A Mellman
Department of Psychiatry, Dartmouth School of Medicine, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
Am J Psychiatry 159:1696-701. 2002....
- An overview of posttraumatic stress disorder in African AmericansTanya N Alim
Department of Psychiatry, Howard University College of Medicine, 2041 Georgia Ave, Washington, DC 20060, USA
J Clin Psychol 62:801-13. 2006..Additionally, treatment issues and potential directions for future research of PTSD in the African American population are discussed...
- Insurance status is a potent predictor of outcomes in both blunt and penetrating traumaWendy R Greene
Department of Surgery, Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA
Am J Surg 199:554-7. 2010..Patients with penetrating injuries are known to have worse outcomes than those with blunt trauma. We hypothesize that within each injury mechanism there should be no outcome difference between insured and uninsured patients...
- Trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in an African-American primary care populationTanya N Alim
Department of Psychiatry, Howard University, Washington, DC 20060, USA
J Natl Med Assoc 98:1630-6. 2006..African Americans are more likely to seek treatment for psychiatric disorders in a primary care setting. Our study evaluated trauma exposure, PTSD and major depression in African Americans attending primary care offices...
- Posttraumatic stress disorder: characteristics and treatmentThomas Mellman
Department of Psychiatry, Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA
J Clin Psychiatry 69:e2. 2008..Treatment often involves multiple modalities...
- Diagnosing bipolar disorder in trauma exposed primary care patientsRuth Elaine Graves
Howard University School of Medicine, Washington, DC 20011, USA
Bipolar Disord 9:318-23. 2007..The current study is an examination of the usefulness of this instrument in a trauma exposed subgroup of mainly African American patients attending primary care clinics...
- Effects of antidepressant medication on morbidity and mortality in depressed patients after myocardial infarctionC Barr Taylor
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford Medical Center, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5722, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:792-8. 2005..Depression after myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with higher morbidity and mortality. Although antidepressants are effective in reducing depression, their use in patients with cardiovascular disease remains controversial...
- The prospective impact of sleep duration on depression and maniaCarol A Perlman
Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
Bipolar Disord 8:271-4. 2006..The current study is among few longitudinal studies to assess the prospective effect of sleep deficit on depression and mania...
- Comparison of comorbid physical illnesses among veterans with PTSD and veterans with alcohol dependenceDaniella David
Department of Psychiatry, Miami Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 1201 Northwest 16th Street, 116A12, Miami, Florida 33125, USA
Psychiatr Serv 55:82-5. 2004..These findings suggest that there may be a relationship between specific medical conditions, possibly mediated by behavioral risk factors, among the aging population of veterans with PTSD...
- Prescribing patterns for patients with posttraumatic stress disorderThomas A Mellman
Department of Psychiatry, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, On Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA
Psychiatr Serv 54:1618-21. 2003..The objective of this study was to comprehensively evaluate prescribing patterns for persons with a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a community-based nonveteran sample in which women were well represented...
- Adjunctive risperidone treatment and sleep symptoms in combat veterans with chronic PTSDDaniella David
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33125, USA
Depress Anxiety 23:489-91. 2006..Preliminary results suggest that adjunctive risperidone may benefit sleep disturbances associated with chronic PTSD. Prospective logs may be more sensitive to change than are retrospective scales...
- The efficacy and tolerability of tiagabine in adult patients with post-traumatic stress disorderJonathan R T Davidson
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
J Clin Psychopharmacol 27:85-8. 2007..Tiagabine was not significantly different from placebo in the treatment of symptoms of PTSD. Additional studies are needed to assess the role of drugs that target the gamma-aminobutyric acid system in the treatment of PTSD...
- Comparison of nefazodone and sertraline for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorderAimee L McRae
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA
Depress Anxiety 19:190-6. 2004..This study did not find significant differences in the effectiveness of nefazodone and sertraline for the treatment of PTSD. Larger trials are warranted...
- Factors associated with insomnia among civilians seeking treatment for PTSD: an exploratory studyJason C DeViva
Department of Psychiatry, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756 0001, USA
Behav Sleep Med 2:162-76. 2004..Severity of nightmares and depression accounted for unique variance in the presence of severe insomnia. Findings support a role for conditioning related to nightmares in the etiology of PTSD-related insomnia...
- Distinguishing current from remitted posttraumatic stress disorderSteven H Woodward
Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:940-1; author reply 941-2. 2006
- Prazosin effects on objective sleep measures and clinical symptoms in civilian trauma posttraumatic stress disorder: a placebo-controlled studyFletcher B Taylor
Northwest Network VISN 20 Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington 98108, USA
Biol Psychiatry 63:629-32. 2008..We evaluated objective sleep parameters and PTSD symptoms in a placebo-controlled prazosin trial for civilian trauma-related PTSD...
- Sleep and post-traumatic stress disorder: a roadmap for clinicians and researchersThomas A Mellman
Sleep Med Rev 12:165-7. 2008
- Sleep paralysis and sleep durationPaula M Smith
J Natl Med Assoc 100:1207-8. 2008
- Treatment of residual insomnia after CBT for PTSD: case studiesJason C DeViva
Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA
J Trauma Stress 18:155-9. 2005..Results highlight issues specific to treating insomnia in trauma populations and future directions for examining treatment of insomnia associated with PTSD...
- Stress disorder after traumatic injuryKarin Esposito
Am J Psychiatry 162:629-30; author reply 630-1. 2005
- Hypnotic medication in the aftermath of traumaThomas A Mellman
J Clin Psychiatry 63:1183-4. 2002
- Recent trends in antipsychotic combination therapy of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder: implications for state mental health policyRobin E Clark
Dartmouth Medical School, Department of Community and Family Medicine, Hanover, NH 03755 3862, USA
Schizophr Bull 28:75-84. 2002..7% to 30.0%). The increase in multiple agent therapy appears to be broad-based. Data are needed on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of these practices to inform clinical decision making and health policy...