S K Schwarcz
Affiliation: HIV Research Branch
- Impact of protease inhibitors and other antiretroviral treatments on acquired immunodeficiency syndrome survival in San Francisco, California, 1987-1996S K Schwarcz
San Francisco Department of Public Health, CA 94102, USA
Am J Epidemiol 152:178-85. 2000..97, 95% CI: 1.8, 2.2), and homosexual injection drug users (RH = 1.33, 95% CI: 1.2, 1.5). Survival after AIDS has increased. Treatment with antiretroviral agents, particularly protease inhibitors, strongly predicts improved survival...
- Evaluation of a non-name-based HIV reporting system in San FranciscoSandra Schwarcz
San Francisco Department of Public Health, 25 Van Ness Avenue, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94102, U S A
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:504-10. 2002..To develop and evaluate a non-name-based HIV reporting system...
- Predictors of use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) among persons with AIDS in San Francisco, 1996-1999L C Hsu
San Francisco Department of Public Health, California, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 28:345-50. 2001..Barriers in use of treatment should be identified so all persons with AIDS can benefit from improved therapies...
- Effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy on diagnoses of sexually transmitted diseases in people with AIDSS Scheer
Seroepidemiology and Surveillance Section, San Francisco Department of Public Health, CA 94102 6033, USA
Lancet 357:432-5. 2001..We examined whether taking HAART increased the risk of acquiring an STD--an epidemiological marker of unsafe sex--in people with AIDS...
- Surveillance for incident HIV infection: new technology and new opportunitiesG W Rutherford
AIDS Research Institute, San Francisco, California, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 25:S115-9. 2000..Having an HIV surveillance system that focuses on incident rather than prevalent infection should be our long-term goal...
- Does name-based HIV reporting deter high-risk persons from HIV testing? Results from San FranciscoSandra Schwarcz
San Francisco Department of Public Health, 25 Van Ness Avenue, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:93-6. 2004..Previous studies of a deterrent effect of HIV reporting were not conducted in areas with high HIV infection rates and politically active populations...
- Viagra use in a community-recruited sample of men who have sex with men, San FranciscoPriscilla Lee Chu
San Francisco Department of Public Health, 25 Van Ness Avenue, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA 94102 6033, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 33:191-3. 2003..HIV care and prevention providers should target Viagra users for enhanced education on safer sex and potentially harmful drug interactions...
- Characteristics of persons with recently acquired HIV infection: application of the serologic testing algorithm for recent HIV seroconversion in 10 US citiesSandra Schwarcz
San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 44:112-5. 2007..Information about the characteristics of persons whose HIV diagnosis was made soon after infection contributes to a better understanding of the HIV epidemic and to appropriate targeting of care and prevention efforts...
- Assessing representativeness of sampling methods for reaching men who have sex with men: a direct comparison of results obtained from convenience and probability samplesSandra Schwarcz
HIV AIDS Statistics, Epidemiology and Intervention Research Section, San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
AIDS Behav 11:596-602. 2007..HIV testing was common among men in both samples. Periodic validation, through comparison of data collected by different sampling methods, may be useful when relying on survey data for program and policy development...
- Late diagnosis of HIV infection: trends, prevalence, and characteristics of persons whose HIV diagnosis occurred within 12 months of developing AIDSSandra Schwarcz
San Francisco Department of Public Health, 25 Van Ness Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94102, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 43:491-4. 2006..Persons diagnosed late in the course of HIV infection may be unknowingly transmitting infection and once diagnosed may have worse outcomes and greater medical expenses...
- Elevated risk of death for African Americans with AIDS, San Francisco, 1996-2002Sheila Jain
HIV AIDS Statistics and Epicemiology, AIDS Office, San Fransisco Department of Public Health, CA, USA
J Health Care Poor Underserved 17:493-503. 2006..Underlying causes of this disparity are multiple, but many of them are amenable to intervention and should be addressed...
- How well do trends in HIV prevalence in young people reflect HIV incidence? Results from 10 years of HIV serosurveillance in San FranciscoNooshin Razani
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94105, USA
AIDS 20:1332-3. 2006..However, the trend in prevalence among young people did not mirror trends in incidence in the overall population...
- Estimation of unmet need for HIV primary medical care: a framework and three case studiesKathryn Ikard
Institute for Health Policy Studies, University of California, San Francisco 94143, USA
AIDS Educ Prev 17:26-38. 2005..The field tests suggest that the unmet need framework provides an approach which can be used by states and metropolitan areas to estimate the number of individuals with unmet need for HIV primary medical care...
- The decline of incident cases of HIV-associated neurological disorders in San Francisco, 1991-2003James W Dilley
AIDS 19:634-5. 2005
- HIV testing behaviors and knowledge of HIV reporting regulations among male-to-female transgendersSandra Schwarcz
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 37:1326-7. 2004
- The epidemiology of antiretroviral drug resistance among drug-naive HIV-1-infected persons in 10 US citiesHillard S Weinstock
Division of HIV AIDS Prevention, Surveillance and Epidemiology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
J Infect Dis 189:2174-80. 2004..The prevalence and characteristics of persons with newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections with or without evidence of mutations associated with drug resistance have not been well described...
- Provision of syndromic treatment of sexually transmitted infections by community pharmacists: a potentially underutilized HIV prevention strategyKim Ward
School of Pharmacy, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa
Sex Transm Dis 30:609-13. 2003..Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are known risk factors for HIV infection...
- Low socioeconomic status is associated with a higher rate of death in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy, San FranciscoWilli McFarland
San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California 94102 6033, USA
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 33:96-103. 2003..From 1996 to 2001, survival with AIDS was worse for people living in poorer neighborhoods compared with those living in wealthier neighborhoods of San Francisco as a result of unequal access to or use of HAART...
- Prevalence of HIV infection and predictors of high-transmission sexual risk behaviors among men who have sex with menSandra Schwarcz
San Francisco Department of Public Health, Calif 94102, USA
Am J Public Health 97:1067-75. 2007..We sought to determine the prevalence of HIV and novel cofactors of high-transmission-risk behavior in a probability sample of men who have sex with men (MSM)...