Karen L Margolis

Summary

Affiliation: HealthPartners Research Foundation
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Validity of diabetes self-reports in the Women's Health Initiative: comparison with medication inventories and fasting glucose measurements
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Clin Trials 5:240-7. 2008
  2. pmc A prospective study of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, blood pressure, and incident hypertension in postmenopausal women
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1524, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 175:22-32. 2012
  3. doi Long-term follow-up of moderately hypercholesterolemic hypertensive patients following randomization to pravastatin vs usual care: the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT-LLT)
    Karen L Margolis
    Health Partners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 15:542-54. 2013
  4. pmc Adherence to blood pressure telemonitoring in a cluster-randomized clinical trial
    Tessa J Kerby
    HealthPartners, Health Improvementthe HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 14:668-74. 2012
  5. doi Barriers to improving primary care of depression: perspectives of medical group leaders
    Robin R Whitebird
    HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1524, USA
    Qual Health Res 23:805-14. 2013
  6. doi Effect of home blood pressure telemonitoring and pharmacist management on blood pressure control: a cluster randomized clinical trial
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440, USA
    JAMA 310:46-56. 2013
  7. ncbi Comparative effectiveness of 2 β-blockers in hypertensive patients
    Emily D Parker
    HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1524, USA
    Arch Intern Med 172:1406-12. 2012
  8. pmc Design and rationale for Home Blood Pressure Telemonitoring and Case Management to Control Hypertension (HyperLink): a cluster randomized trial
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Contemp Clin Trials 33:794-803. 2012
  9. pmc Heart failure in ALLHAT: did blood pressure medication at study entry influence outcome?
    Richard H Grimm
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 11:466-74. 2009
  10. pmc Coronary heart disease in moderately hypercholesterolemic, hypertensive black and non-black patients randomized to pravastatin versus usual care: the antihypertensive and lipid lowering to prevent heart attack trial (ALLHAT-LLT)
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Am Heart J 158:948-55. 2009

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. pmc Validity of diabetes self-reports in the Women's Health Initiative: comparison with medication inventories and fasting glucose measurements
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Clin Trials 5:240-7. 2008
    ..Therefore, we studied whether self-report of prevalent and incident diabetes in Women's Health Initiative (WHI) participants was concordant with other diagnostic evidence of diabetes...
  2. pmc A prospective study of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, blood pressure, and incident hypertension in postmenopausal women
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1524, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 175:22-32. 2012
    ..In postmenopausal women in this study, serum levels of 25(OH)D were not related to changes in blood pressure, and evidence for an association with lower risk of incident hypertension was weak...
  3. doi Long-term follow-up of moderately hypercholesterolemic hypertensive patients following randomization to pravastatin vs usual care: the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT-LLT)
    Karen L Margolis
    Health Partners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 15:542-54. 2013
    ..08). These findings are consistent with evidence from other large trials that show statins prevent CHD and add evidence that they are effective for CHD prevention in black patients. ..
  4. pmc Adherence to blood pressure telemonitoring in a cluster-randomized clinical trial
    Tessa J Kerby
    HealthPartners, Health Improvementthe HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 14:668-74. 2012
    ..The findings from this analysis indicate that hypertensive patients in this study were able to achieve and maintain high adherence to both the telemonitoring and the phone case management visits...
  5. doi Barriers to improving primary care of depression: perspectives of medical group leaders
    Robin R Whitebird
    HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1524, USA
    Qual Health Res 23:805-14. 2013
    ..We must improve primary care of depression if we are to reduce its enormous adverse social and economic impacts...
  6. doi Effect of home blood pressure telemonitoring and pharmacist management on blood pressure control: a cluster randomized clinical trial
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440, USA
    JAMA 310:46-56. 2013
    ..Only about half of patients with high blood pressure (BP) in the United States have their BP controlled. Practical, robust, and sustainable models are needed to improve BP control in patients with uncontrolled hypertension...
  7. ncbi Comparative effectiveness of 2 β-blockers in hypertensive patients
    Emily D Parker
    HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1524, USA
    Arch Intern Med 172:1406-12. 2012
    ..However, the effectiveness of β-blockers for preventing CV events in patients with hypertension has been questioned recently, but it is unclear whether this is a class effect...
  8. pmc Design and rationale for Home Blood Pressure Telemonitoring and Case Management to Control Hypertension (HyperLink): a cluster randomized trial
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Contemp Clin Trials 33:794-803. 2012
    ..S., yet BP is controlled in fewer than half. Practical, robust and sustainable models are needed to improve BP in patients with uncontrolled hypertension...
  9. pmc Heart failure in ALLHAT: did blood pressure medication at study entry influence outcome?
    Richard H Grimm
    Department of Internal Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 11:466-74. 2009
    ..13 (95% CI, 0.57-2.25; P=.73). Controlling for other pre-entry antihypertensives yielded similar results. There was no significant evidence that pre-entry drug type explained observed hospitalized HF differences by ALLHAT treatment...
  10. pmc Coronary heart disease in moderately hypercholesterolemic, hypertensive black and non-black patients randomized to pravastatin versus usual care: the antihypertensive and lipid lowering to prevent heart attack trial (ALLHAT-LLT)
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Am Heart J 158:948-55. 2009
    ..No previous statin trial has reported results separately in blacks...
  11. pmc Effect of calcium and vitamin D supplementation on blood pressure: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Trial
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Box 1524, Mailstop 21111R, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1524, USA
    Hypertension 52:847-55. 2008
    ..01 (95% CI: 0.96 to 1.06.) In postmenopausal women, calcium plus vitamin D3 supplementation did not reduce either blood pressure or the risk of developing hypertension over 7 years of follow-up...
  12. ncbi Prospective study of leukocyte count as a predictor of incident breast, colorectal, endometrial, and lung cancer and mortality in postmenopausal women
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, PO Box 1524, Mail Stop 21111R, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:1837-44. 2007
    ..The immune system and inflammation are implicated in the pathogenesis of cancer. Prospective studies linking biomarkers of inflammation with cancer incidence and mortality have been inconclusive...
  13. pmc Effect of intensive versus standard blood pressure control on depression and health-related quality of life in type 2 diabetes: the ACCORD trial
    PATRICK J O'CONNOR
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Diabetes Care 35:1479-81. 2012
    ..We tested the hypothesis that intensive (systolic blood pressure [SBP] <120 mmHg) rather than standard (SBP 130-139 mmHg) blood pressure (BP) control improves health-related quality of life (HRQL) in those with type 2 diabetes...
  14. pmc Prevalence of practice system tools for improving depression care among primary care clinics: the DIAMOND initiative
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, 8170 33rd Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55425, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 26:999-1004. 2011
    ..Practice system tools improve chronic disease care, but are generally lacking for the care of depression in most primary care settings...
  15. pmc A diet high in low-fat dairy products lowers diabetes risk in postmenopausal women
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Bloomington, MN, USA
    J Nutr 141:1969-74. 2011
    ..A diet high in low-fat dairy products is associated with lower diabetes risk in postmenopausal women, particularly those who are obese...
  16. doi Relationship between the presence of practice systems and the quality of care for depression
    Leif I Solberg
    HealthPartners Research Foundation and Medical Group, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1524, USA
    Am J Med Qual 23:420-6. 2008
    ..31, P = .05). Thus, practice systems overall and several domains of the Chronic Care Model appear to be associated with higher quality care for depression. This questionnaire may help practices identify particular systems to improve...
  17. pmc Abdominal aortic aneurysm events in the women's health initiative: cohort study
    Frank A Lederle
    VA Medical Center, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    BMJ 337:a1724. 2008
    ..To assess the association between potential risk factors and subsequent clinically important abdominal aortic aneurysm events (repairs and ruptures) in women...
  18. pmc Benefits of early hypertension control on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with diabetes
    PATRICK J O'CONNOR
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN, USA
    Diabetes Care 36:322-7. 2013
    ..To assess the impact of early hypertension (HT) control on occurrence of subsequent major cardiovascular events in those with diabetes and recent-onset HT...
  19. pmc Calcium and vitamin D supplementation and cognitive impairment in the women's health initiative
    Rebecca C Rossom
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 60:2197-205. 2012
    ..To examine the effects of vitamin D and calcium on cognitive outcomes in elderly women...
  20. ncbi Blood pressure control in Hispanics in the antihypertensive and lipid-lowering treatment to prevent heart attack trial
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation PO Box 1524, Mailstop 21111R, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Hypertension 50:854-61. 2007
    ....
  21. ncbi A prospective study of oral contraceptive use and risk of myocardial infarction among Swedish women
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1524, USA
    Fertil Steril 88:310-6. 2007
    ..To determine the risk for incident myocardial infarction (MI) in women exposed to modern formulations of oral contraceptives (OCs)...
  22. doi Measuring an organization's ability to manage change: the change process capability questionnaire and its use for improving depression care
    Leif I Solberg
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55440 1524, USA
    Am J Med Qual 23:193-200. 2008
    ..To describe a new survey tool for assessing medical group capability to improve care and to test the relationship between survey scores and other factors among 41 medical groups...
  23. ncbi Leukocyte count as a predictor of cardiovascular events and mortality in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study
    Karen L Margolis
    Hennepin County Medical Center, and Berman Center for Outcomes and Clinical Research, 825 S Eighth Street, Minneapolis, MN 55404, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:500-8. 2005
    ..Our objective was to describe the relation between the baseline white blood cell (WBC) count and future CVD events and mortality in postmenopausal women...
  24. ncbi Self-reported hypertension treatment beliefs and practices of primary care physicians in a managed care organization
    Karen L Margolis
    Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Hypertens 18:566-71. 2005
    ..Blood pressure (BP) is controlled to recommended goal in less than one-third of people with hypertension. There has been little recent research on physician beliefs and practices with regard to the treatment of hypertension...
  25. doi A prospective study of the effect of hypertension and baseline blood pressure on cognitive decline and dementia in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study
    Karen C Johnson
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennesse 38163, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1449-58. 2008
    ..To examine the relationship between baseline hypertension, blood pressure, and the development of cognitive decline in participants in the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS)...
  26. pmc Calcium, vitamin D supplementation, and physical function in the Women's Health Initiative
    Robert L Brunner
    University of Nevada School of Medicine, PMB 251, MS 145, Reno, NV 89557, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:1472-9. 2008
    ..Now we examine whether the treatment affected self-reported physical functioning and objective measures of physical functioning...
  27. pmc Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of incident diabetes in the Women's Health Initiative
    Ian H De Boer
    Division of Nephrology, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:701-7. 2008
    ..We examined the effect of calcium plus vitamin D supplementation on the incidence of drug-treated diabetes in postmenopausal women...
  28. ncbi How acceptable are financial incentives and written feedback for improving hypertension control? Perspectives from physicians, clinic administrators, and patients
    Sharon J Rolnick
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440 1524, USA
    Am J Manag Care 8:441-7. 2002
    ..To assess attitudes of physicians, clinic administrators, and patients within a health maintenance organization (HMO) toward using financial incentives to improve the control of hypertension...
  29. ncbi Prevention of cardiovascular disease in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus: current knowledge and rationale for the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial
    David C Goff
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    Am J Cardiol 99:4i-20i. 2007
    ..The Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial will test hypotheses to address these unanswered questions...
  30. ncbi Statin use and breast cancer: prospective results from the Women's Health Initiative
    Jane A Cauley
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 98:700-7. 2006
    ....
  31. ncbi Fasting glucose levels and incident diabetes mellitus in older nondiabetic adults randomized to receive 3 different classes of antihypertensive treatment: a report from the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHA
    Joshua I Barzilay
    Kaiser Permanente of Georgia, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:2191-201. 2006
    ....
  32. ncbi Prior hormone therapy and breast cancer risk in the Women's Health Initiative randomized trial of estrogen plus progestin
    Garnet L Anderson
    WHI Clinical Coordinating Center, Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue N, M3 A410, P O Box 19024, Seattle, WA 98109 1024, United States
    Maturitas 55:103-15. 2006
    ..To assess the extent to which prior hormone therapy modifies the breast cancer risk found with estrogen plus progestin (E+P) in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) randomized trial...
  33. ncbi Risk of fracture in women with type 2 diabetes: the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study
    Denise E Bonds
    M P H, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:3404-10. 2006
    ..Some but not all studies have shown higher rates of fracture in individuals with type 2 diabetes...
  34. ncbi Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of invasive breast cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial
    Ross L Prentice
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Wash 98109, USA
    JAMA 295:629-42. 2006
    ..The hypothesis that a low-fat dietary pattern can reduce breast cancer risk has existed for decades but has never been tested in a controlled intervention trial...
  35. ncbi Prognostic value of a novel classification scheme for heart failure: the Minnesota Heart Failure Criteria
    Joseph Kim
    Medical Statistics Unit, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, UK
    Am J Epidemiol 164:184-93. 2006
    ..They closely approximate a nearly full version of the Framingham Criteria but require many fewer variables and can facilitate epidemiologic case-finding for heart failure...
  36. ncbi Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of colorectal cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial
    Shirley A A Beresford
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 7236, USA
    JAMA 295:643-54. 2006
    ..Observational studies and polyp recurrence trials are not conclusive regarding the effects of a low-fat dietary pattern on risk of colorectal cancer, necessitating a primary prevention trial...
  37. ncbi Effects of conjugated equine estrogens on breast cancer and mammography screening in postmenopausal women with hysterectomy
    Marcia L Stefanick
    Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, Calif 94305, USA
    JAMA 295:1647-57. 2006
    ..Preliminary results suggesting possible reduction in breast cancers warranted more detailed analysis...
  38. ncbi Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of colorectal cancer
    Jean Wactawski-Wende
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University at Buffalo, 270 Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:684-96. 2006
    ..However, randomized-trial evidence that calcium with vitamin D supplementation is beneficial in the primary prevention of colorectal cancer is lacking...
  39. ncbi Postmenopausal hormone therapy and body composition--a substudy of the estrogen plus progestin trial of the Women's Health Initiative
    Zhao Chen
    Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:651-6. 2005
    ..It has been suggested that hormone therapy may help counter undesirable changes in body composition in older women...
  40. ncbi Prehypertension and cardiovascular disease risk in the Women's Health Initiative
    Judith Hsia
    Department of Medicine, George Washington University, 2150 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Circulation 115:855-60. 2007
    ..Prehypertension is common and is associated with increased vascular mortality. The extent to which it increases risk of nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, and congestive heart failure is less clear...
  41. ncbi Obesity, body size, and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer: the Women's Health Initiative (United States)
    Libby M Morimoto
    Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 13:741-51. 2002
    ....
  42. ncbi Success and predictors of blood pressure control in diverse North American settings: the antihypertensive and lipid-lowering treatment to prevent heart attack trial (ALLHAT)
    William C Cushman
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 4:393-404. 2002
    ..Achievable control rates in varied practice settings and geographic regions and factors that predict improved blood pressure control are not well identified...
  43. ncbi Cardiovascular outcomes using doxazosin vs. chlorthalidone for the treatment of hypertension in older adults with and without glucose disorders: a report from the ALLHAT study
    Joshua I Barzilay
    Division of Endocrinology, Kaiser Permanente of Georgia, Tucker, GA 30084, USA
    J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 6:116-25. 2004
    ....
  44. ncbi Physical activity in different periods of life and the risk of breast cancer: the Norwegian-Swedish Women's Lifestyle and Health cohort study
    Karen L Margolis
    Berman Center for Outcomes and Clinical Research, Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Hennepin County Medical Center, Suite 440, 825 South 8th Street, Minneapolis, MN 55404, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:27-32. 2005
    ..Physical activity has been found to be associated with decreased risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women in the majority of epidemiologic studies, but the association is inconsistent in premenopausal women...
  45. ncbi Outcomes in hypertensive black and nonblack patients treated with chlorthalidone, amlodipine, and lisinopril
    Jackson T Wright
    General Clinical Research Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, USA
    JAMA 293:1595-608. 2005
    ..Few cardiovascular outcome data are available for blacks with hypertension treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or calcium channel blockers (CCBs)...
  46. pmc Circulating levels of endothelial adhesion molecules and risk of diabetes in an ethnically diverse cohort of women
    Yiqing Song
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Diabetes 56:1898-904. 2007
    ..S. postmenopausal women, implicating an etiological role of endothelial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes...
  47. ncbi Clinical outcomes in antihypertensive treatment of type 2 diabetes, impaired fasting glucose concentration, and normoglycemia: Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT)
    Paul K Whelton
    Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:1401-9. 2005
    ....
  48. ncbi Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of fractures
    Rebecca D Jackson
    Division of Endocrinology, Ohio State University, 485 McCampbell, 1581 Dodd Dr, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:669-83. 2006
    ..The efficacy of calcium with vitamin D supplementation for preventing hip and other fractures in healthy postmenopausal women remains equivocal...
  49. ncbi Conjugated equine estrogens and global cognitive function in postmenopausal women: Women's Health Initiative Memory Study
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    JAMA 291:2959-68. 2004
    ..The effect of estrogen-alone therapy, also evaluated in WHIMS, on cognition has not been established for this population...
  50. ncbi Prospective study of physical activity in different periods of life and the risk of ovarian cancer
    Elisabete Weiderpass
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Int J Cancer 118:3153-60. 2006
    ..In the context of the inconsistent scientific literature, our findings probably reflect that physical activity is not causally related with ovarian cancer...
  51. ncbi Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of cardiovascular disease: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary Modification Trial
    Barbara V Howard
    MedStar Research Institute Howard University, Washington, DC, USA
    JAMA 295:655-66. 2006
    ..Multiple epidemiologic studies and some trials have linked diet with cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention, but long-term intervention data are needed...
  52. ncbi Estrogen therapy and coronary-artery calcification
    JoAnn E Manson
    Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    N Engl J Med 356:2591-602. 2007
    ..We examined the relationship between estrogen therapy and coronary-artery calcium in the context of a randomized clinical trial...
  53. ncbi Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial: design and methods
    John B Buse
    Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7172, USA
    Am J Cardiol 99:21i-33i. 2007
    ....
  54. ncbi Use of practice system tools by medical groups for depression
    Karen L Margolis
    HealthPartners Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN 55440, USA karen l margolis healthpartners com
    Am J Manag Care 13:305-11. 2007
    ..To describe the types of practice system tools that medical groups use for depression care, and to compare these with the tools used for care of other chronic conditions...
  55. ncbi Recruitment strategies in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial
    Connie Kingry
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98103, USA
    Am J Cardiol 99:68i-79i. 2007
    ..Described herein are vanguard and main trial recruitment activities, including strategy implementation, screening procedures, randomization results, problems encountered, and lessons learned...
  56. ncbi Body size, weight cycling, and risk of renal cell carcinoma among postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative (United States)
    Juhua Luo
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Am J Epidemiol 166:752-9. 2007
    ..Furthermore, they indicate that weight cycling is independently associated with further increased risk of this malignancy...
  57. ncbi Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and the risk of postmenopausal weight gain
    Bette Caan
    Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:893-902. 2007
    ..Obesity in the United States has increased significantly during the past several decades. The role of calcium in the maintenance of a healthy body weight remains controversial...
  58. ncbi Postmenopausal hormone therapy and risk of cardiovascular disease by age and years since menopause
    Jacques E Rossouw
    Women s Health Initiative Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
    JAMA 297:1465-77. 2007
    ..The timing of initiation of hormone therapy may influence its effect on cardiovascular disease...
  59. ncbi Restricted-carbohydrate diets in patients with type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:91-100. 2008
    ..Randomized, controlled studies of restricted-carbohydrate diets in patients with diabetes need to be conducted in order to evaluate the overall sustainability of outcomes and long-term safety...
  60. pmc Oophorectomy, hormone therapy, and subclinical coronary artery disease in women with hysterectomy: the Women's Health Initiative coronary artery calcium study
    Matthew A Allison
    University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    Menopause 15:639-47. 2008
    ..In this study, we aimed to determine the associations between coronary artery calcium (CAC) and hysterectomy, oophorectomy, and hormone therapy use with a focus on the duration of menopause for which there was no hormone therapy use...
  61. pmc Effects of estrogen with and without progestin and obesity on symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux
    Zongli Zheng
    Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
    Gastroenterology 135:72-81. 2008
    ..An association between female hormones and symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and may be modified by obesity is suggested but not proven. Factors affecting GERD progression, however, are largely unknown...
  62. doi Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of treated diabetes mellitus in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled dietary modification trial
    Lesley F Tinker
    Women s Health Initiative, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, PO Box 19024, Mail Stop M3 A410, Seattle, WA 98109, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1500-11. 2008
    ..This study was undertaken to assess the effects of a low-fat dietary pattern on incidence of treated diabetes among generally healthy postmenopausal women...
  63. ncbi Older women with diabetes have a higher risk of falls: a prospective study
    Ann V Schwartz
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:1749-54. 2002
    ..To determine whether older women with diabetes have an increased risk of falls and whether known risk factors for falls account for any increased risk...