Ch Hawkes

Summary

Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Olfaction in neurodegenerative disorder
    Christopher Hawkes
    Essex Centre for Neuroscience, Oldchurch Hospital, Romford, UK
    Adv Otorhinolaryngol 63:133-51. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Parkinson's disease and aging: same or different process?
    Christopher H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Queen s Hospital, Romford, Essex RM7 0AG
    Mov Disord 23:47-53. 2008
  3. doi request reprint Twin studies and the heritability of MS: a conclusion
    C H Hawkes
    Queen Mary University London, Neuroscience Centre, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
    Mult Scler 15:661-7. 2009
  4. doi request reprint MRI and visual-evoked potentials in partners of multiple sclerosis patients
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Queens Hospital, Romford, UK
    Acta Neurol Scand 125:424-30. 2012
  5. ncbi request reprint Smoking is a risk factor for multiple sclerosis: a metanalysis
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Romford, Essex RM7 0BE, UK
    Mult Scler 13:610-5. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Parkinson's disease: a dual-hit hypothesis
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Queen s Hospital, Romford, Essex UK
    Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol 33:599-614. 2007
  7. doi request reprint The prodromal phase of sporadic Parkinson's disease: does it exist and if so how long is it?
    Christopher H Hawkes
    Neuroscience Centre, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 23:1799-807. 2008
  8. doi request reprint Parkinson's disease: the dual hit theory revisited
    Christopher H Hawkes
    Neuroscience Centre, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, United Kingdom
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1170:615-22. 2009
  9. doi request reprint A timeline for Parkinson's disease
    Christopher H Hawkes
    Neuroscience Centre, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, 4 Newark Street, London E1 2AT, UK
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 16:79-84. 2010
  10. doi request reprint The McDonald Criteria for Multiple Sclerosis: time for clarification
    Christopher H Hawkes
    Queen Mary University of London, Neuroscience and Trauma Centre, Blizard Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
    Mult Scler 16:566-75. 2010

Detail Information

Publications20

  1. ncbi request reprint Olfaction in neurodegenerative disorder
    Christopher Hawkes
    Essex Centre for Neuroscience, Oldchurch Hospital, Romford, UK
    Adv Otorhinolaryngol 63:133-51. 2006
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Parkinson's disease and aging: same or different process?
    Christopher H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Queen s Hospital, Romford, Essex RM7 0AG
    Mov Disord 23:47-53. 2008
    ..On the basis of olfactory measurement, our data are consistent with the proposal that PD starts as an acute event, followed by further disease progression more rapid than simple aging...
  3. doi request reprint Twin studies and the heritability of MS: a conclusion
    C H Hawkes
    Queen Mary University London, Neuroscience Centre, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
    Mult Scler 15:661-7. 2009
    ..We wish to review all the more informative twin studies on multiple sclerosis (MS)...
  4. doi request reprint MRI and visual-evoked potentials in partners of multiple sclerosis patients
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Queens Hospital, Romford, UK
    Acta Neurol Scand 125:424-30. 2012
    ..Some epidemiological evidence, particularly concerning the role of Epstein Barr Virus implies that multiple sclerosis (MS) may be transmissible and if correct, this might be revealed by increased prevalence of MS in cohabiting partners...
  5. ncbi request reprint Smoking is a risk factor for multiple sclerosis: a metanalysis
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Romford, Essex RM7 0BE, UK
    Mult Scler 13:610-5. 2007
    ..A variety of direct causative mechanisms are discussed, but an indirect association through health adverse conduct is favoured...
  6. ncbi request reprint Parkinson's disease: a dual-hit hypothesis
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Queen s Hospital, Romford, Essex UK
    Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol 33:599-614. 2007
    ..It is concluded that the most parsimonious explanation for the initial events of sporadic Parkinson's disease is pathogenic access to the brain through the stomach and nose - hence the term 'dual-hit'...
  7. doi request reprint The prodromal phase of sporadic Parkinson's disease: does it exist and if so how long is it?
    Christopher H Hawkes
    Neuroscience Centre, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 23:1799-807. 2008
    ..It is concluded that there probably is an early phase in the disease where a variety of nonmotor features develop, but the sequence and time of onset of such features is not well established...
  8. doi request reprint Parkinson's disease: the dual hit theory revisited
    Christopher H Hawkes
    Neuroscience Centre, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, United Kingdom
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1170:615-22. 2009
    ..It is concluded that the most parsimonious explanation for the initial events of sPD is pathogenic access to the brain through the foregut and nose-hence the term "dual hit."..
  9. doi request reprint A timeline for Parkinson's disease
    Christopher H Hawkes
    Neuroscience Centre, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, 4 Newark Street, London E1 2AT, UK
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 16:79-84. 2010
    ..Appreciation of this concept may allow better strategies for slowing or halting disease progression...
  10. doi request reprint The McDonald Criteria for Multiple Sclerosis: time for clarification
    Christopher H Hawkes
    Queen Mary University of London, Neuroscience and Trauma Centre, Blizard Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, London, UK
    Mult Scler 16:566-75. 2010
    ..There was uncertainty about how many multiple sclerosis categories were permitted and whether the terms 'possible' and 'probable' were allowable. Further clarification might allow the criteria to be applied more consistently...
  11. ncbi request reprint Multiple sclerosis in Latter Day Saints (Mormons)
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Oldchurch Hospital, Essex, UK
    Acta Neurol Scand 115:260-4. 2007
    ..We wished to determine whether multiple sclerosis (MS) was less frequent in this religious body...
  12. ncbi request reprint Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 in multiple sclerosis
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Oldchurch Hospital, Essex, UK
    Acta Neurol Scand 114:363-7. 2006
    ..There is evidence that seropositivity to herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) correlates well with the number of sexual partners. Accordingly, a raised overall HSV-2 seroprevalence in MS would lend support to this theory...
  13. ncbi request reprint Olfactory evoked responses and identification tests in neurological disease
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neurosciences Centre, Oldchurch Hospital, Romford, UK
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 855:608-15. 1998
    ..To assess the value of smell testing we used olfactory evoked potentials (OEP) and an identification test in multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, motor neuron disease and Alzheimer's disease...
  14. ncbi request reprint Is Parkinson's disease a primary olfactory disorder?
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neurosciences Centre, Oldchurch Hospital, Romford, UK
    QJM 92:473-80. 1999
    ..It is proposed that the initial causative event in IPD may start in the rhinencephalon (olfactory brain) prior to damage in the basal ganglia...
  15. pmc Is multiple sclerosis a sexually transmitted infection?
    C H Hawkes
    Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1, UK
    J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 73:439-43. 2002
    ..It is hoped this hypothesis might encourage a new direction of neurological research...
  16. ncbi request reprint Olfactory disorder in motor neuron disease
    C H Hawkes
    Department of Clinical Neurology, Ipswich Hospital, Ipswich, IP4 5PD, United Kingdom
    Exp Neurol 150:248-53. 1998
    ..Overall we found the degree of olfactory dysfunction in MND to be mild and in contrast with the marked changes described by others...
  17. ncbi request reprint Olfaction in neurodegenerative disorder
    Christopher Hawkes
    Essex Centre for Neuroscience, Oldchurch Hospital, Romford, Essex, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 18:364-72. 2003
    ..smell testing in HC and MND where abnormality may be found, is not likely to be of clinical value; and 8). biopsy of olfactory nasal neurons shows non-specific changes in PD and AD and at present will not aid diagnosis...
  18. ncbi request reprint Olfactory testing in parkinsonism
    Christopher Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Oldchurch Hospital, Romford RM7 0BE, UK
    Lancet Neurol 3:393-4. 2004
  19. ncbi request reprint Are multiple sclerosis patients risk-takers?
    C H Hawkes
    Essex Neuroscience Centre, Oldchurch Hospital, Romford, UK
    QJM 98:895-911. 2005
    ..There may be a pattern of risk-associated behaviour that characterizes patients with MS and brings them into contact with one or more causative agents. Of the possible agents, viral infection seems the most likely...
  20. ncbi request reprint Smart handles and red flags in neurological diagnosis
    Christopher Hawkes
    Essex Centre for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Oldchurch Hospital, Romford, Essex RM7 0BE
    Hosp Med 63:732-42. 2002
    ..Knowledge of diagnostic short cuts (smart handles) and caveats (red flags) can speed up this process but care is needed as many tips given here have not been validated scientifically...