E Effler

Summary

Affiliation: Hawaii State Hospital
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Dengue fever, Hawaii, 2001-2002
    Paul V Effler
    Disease Outbreak Control Division, Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:742-9. 2005
  2. pmc Dengue risk among visitors to Hawaii during an outbreak
    Carrie E Smith
    Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:750-6. 2005
  3. pmc Evaluation of the indirect hemagglutination assay for diagnosis of acute leptospirosis in Hawaii
    P V Effler
    Epidemiology Branch, Communicable Disease Division, Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 38:1081-4. 2000
  4. pmc Evaluation of eight rapid screening tests for acute leptospirosis in Hawaii
    Paul V Effler
    Epidemiology Branch, Communicable Disease Division, Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 40:1464-9. 2002
  5. pmc Factors contributing to the emergence of Escherichia coli O157 in Africa
    E Effler
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:812-9. 2001
  6. pmc Enhancing public health surveillance for influenza virus by incorporating newly available rapid diagnostic tests
    Paul V Effler
    Hawaii State Department of Health, Room 444, 1250 Punchbowl Street, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:23-8. 2002
  7. pmc Isolate removal methods and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus surveillance
    Fenfang Li
    University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1552-7. 2005
  8. pmc Racial/ethnic differences in the incidence of Kawasaki syndrome among children in Hawaii
    Robert C Holman
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Hawaii Med J 69:194-7. 2010
  9. ncbi Severe bronchiolitis and respiratory syncytial virus among young children in Hawaii
    Krista L Yorita
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:1081-8. 2007
  10. ncbi Hawaii physician and nurse bioterrorism preparedness survey
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Epidemiology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 21:404-13. 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. pmc Dengue fever, Hawaii, 2001-2002
    Paul V Effler
    Disease Outbreak Control Division, Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:742-9. 2005
    ..aegypti were found. This outbreak underscores the importance of maintaining surveillance and control of potential disease vectors even in the absence of an imminent disease threat...
  2. pmc Dengue risk among visitors to Hawaii during an outbreak
    Carrie E Smith
    Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:750-6. 2005
    ..0 cases per person-year. Thus, the risk for dengue infection for visitors to Hawaii during the outbreak was low...
  3. pmc Evaluation of the indirect hemagglutination assay for diagnosis of acute leptospirosis in Hawaii
    P V Effler
    Epidemiology Branch, Communicable Disease Division, Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 38:1081-4. 2000
    ..More sensitive leptospirosis screening tests are needed in Hawaii...
  4. pmc Evaluation of eight rapid screening tests for acute leptospirosis in Hawaii
    Paul V Effler
    Epidemiology Branch, Communicable Disease Division, Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 40:1464-9. 2002
    ..Improved leptospirosis screening tests are needed...
  5. pmc Factors contributing to the emergence of Escherichia coli O157 in Africa
    E Effler
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 7:812-9. 2001
    ..Drought, carriage of E. coli O157 by cattle, and heavy rains with contamination of surface water appear to be important factors contributing to this outbreak...
  6. pmc Enhancing public health surveillance for influenza virus by incorporating newly available rapid diagnostic tests
    Paul V Effler
    Hawaii State Department of Health, Room 444, 1250 Punchbowl Street, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:23-8. 2002
    ..This is the first evaluation of integrating influenza rapid testing into public health surveillance. Coupling rapid tests with cultures appears to be an effective means of improving influenza surveillance...
  7. pmc Isolate removal methods and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus surveillance
    Fenfang Li
    University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1552-7. 2005
    ..Considering the ease of implementation and comparability of results, we recommend using the first isolate of a given species per patient to calculate susceptibility frequencies for S. aureus to oxacillin...
  8. pmc Racial/ethnic differences in the incidence of Kawasaki syndrome among children in Hawaii
    Robert C Holman
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Hawaii Med J 69:194-7. 2010
    ..To describe the occurrence of Kawasaki syndrome (KS) among different racial/ethnic groups in Hawaii...
  9. ncbi Severe bronchiolitis and respiratory syncytial virus among young children in Hawaii
    Krista L Yorita
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 26:1081-8. 2007
    ..Our objective was to describe the incidence and epidemiology of severe bronchiolitis, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and pneumonia among children in Hawaii...
  10. ncbi Hawaii physician and nurse bioterrorism preparedness survey
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Epidemiology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
    Prehosp Disaster Med 21:404-13. 2006
    ..However, most published bioterrorism preparedness surveys focus on gathering information related to self-assessed knowledge or perceived needs and abilities...
  11. pmc Leptospirosis in Hawaii, USA, 1999-2008
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Biomedical Sciences Building, Rm D104M, 1960 East West Rd, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 17:221-6. 2011
    ..Also, during the past 20 years, recreational exposures have plateaued, while occupational exposures have increased. Ongoing surveillance is needed to clarify and track the dynamic epidemiology of this widespread zoonosis...
  12. ncbi Leptospirosis on Oahu: an outbreak associated with flooding of a university campus
    Kate Gaynor
    Disease Outbreak Control Division, Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii 96813, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:882-5. 2007
    ..Health care providers should maintain a high level of suspicion for leptospirosis after flooding events, and local public health officials should promote leptospirosis awareness among flood-affected populations...
  13. pmc Eosinophilic meningitis attributable to Angiostrongylus cantonensis infection in Hawaii: clinical characteristics and potential exposures
    Natasha S Hochberg
    Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:685-90. 2011
    ..001) and to see snails/slugs on produce (56% versus 0%, P = 0.03). Residents and travelers should be aware of the potential risks of eating uncooked produce in Hawaii, especially if it is from the island of Hawaii and locally grown...
  14. ncbi Hawaii veterinarians' bioterrorism preparedness needs assessment survey
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Epidemiology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1960 East West Road, Biomedical Sciences Building, Room D204, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    J Vet Med Educ 33:612-7. 2006
    ..Additional bioterrorism preparedness training should be made available, both in the form of continuing educational offerings for practicing veterinarians and as a component of the curriculum in veterinary schools...
  15. ncbi Prevalence of chlamydial and gonorrheal infections among females in a juvenile detention facility, Honolulu, Hawaii
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Epidemiology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    J Community Health 29:265-9. 2004
    ..gonorrhoeae. Three females were co-infected with both organisms. The high STD rates justify the institution of a routine screening program for this high risk and previously underserved group...
  16. pmc Epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among incarcerated population in Hawai'i, 2000-2005
    Fenfang Li
    School of Social Work, University of Hawai i, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Hawaii Med J 69:99-102. 2010
    ..Active surveillance of MRSA infection in the inmate population is an important public health tool and should be continued...
  17. ncbi False-positive gonorrhea test results with a nucleic acid amplification test: the impact of low prevalence on positive predictive value
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Epidemiology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 38:814-9. 2004
    ....
  18. ncbi Identifying risk factors for underimmunization by using geocoding matched to census tracts: a statewide assessment of children in Hawaii
    Sara J Whitehead
    Preventive Medicine Residency Program, Career Development Division, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Pediatrics 120:e535-42. 2007
    ..To identify factors that are associated with delayed immunization, we collected school-entry immunization records statewide and used geocoding to link to publicly available census tract sociodemographic data...
  19. ncbi Assessing age-related risk for gonococcal and chlamydial infections among females in Hawaii, 2001: a comparison of morbidity rates with screening test positivity
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Epidemiology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 4:188-91. 2004
    ..This study compared morbidity rates with screening test positivity for gonorrhea and chlamydia to better define age-related STD risk among females in Hawaii...
  20. pmc Contacting passengers after exposure to measles on an international flight: Implications for responding to new disease threats and bioterrorism
    Lara E Lasher
    School of Public Health, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Public Health Rep 119:458-63. 2004
    ..This experience highlights the need for more complete and timely methods of contacting passengers potentially exposed to infectious agents aboard flights...
  21. doi Distribution of eosinophilic meningitis cases attributable to Angiostrongylus cantonensis, Hawaii
    Natasha S Hochberg
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1675-80. 2007
    ..3 vs. 2.1), the Big Island of Hawaii (1.1 vs. 7.4), and Maui County (0.4 vs. 4.3). These findings underscore the need to consider the diagnosis of A. cantonensis infection, especially in the state of Hawaii...
  22. pmc Rickettsia typhi and R. felis in rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis), Oahu, Hawaii
    Marina E Eremeeva
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 14:1613-5. 2008
    ..8%) DNA were detected in rat fleas (Xenopsylla cheopis) collected from mice on Oahu Island, Hawaii. The low prevalence of R. typhi on Oahu suggests that R. felis may be a more common cause of rickettsiosis than R. typhi in Hawaii...
  23. ncbi A case control investigation of hepatitis C risk factors in Hawaii
    Lara E Lasher
    Disease Investigation Branch, Hawaii State Department of Health, Honolulu, HI 96813, USA
    Hawaii Med J 64:296-300, 302-4. 2005
    ..or oral surgery, and HIV infection were associated with HCV Future public health efforts in Hawaii should focus on developing effective and appropriate community interventions targeting those with well-established risk factors for HCV..
  24. ncbi Comparison of serology and isolates for the identification of infecting leptospiral serogroups in Hawaii, 1979-1998
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Epidemiology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 8:639-42. 2003
    ..In establishing the prevalence of serogroups, results obtained via MAT serology (in the absence of serogrouped isolates) should be considered presumptive rather than definitive...
  25. pmc Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Hawaii, 2000-2002
    Fenfang Li
    University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:1205-10. 2005
    ..05). Although MRSA isolates from adults demonstrated high resistance to most non-beta-lactams, most MRSA isolates from pediatric outpatients remained susceptible to most non-beta-lactams...
  26. ncbi Dentists' preparedness for responding to bioterrorism: A survey of Hawaii dentists
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Epidemiology, John A Bums School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Biomedical Sciences Building, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 137:461-7. 2006
    ..The authors conducted a survey of dentists in Hawaii to assess their knowledge of, perceived readiness for and willingness to respond to bioterrorist (BT) events...
  27. ncbi Low risk of measles transmission after exposure on an international airline flight
    Pauli N Amornkul
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Epidemiology Program Office, National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:S81-5. 2004
    ..An aggressive response by health departments may not be warranted after airborne exposure to measles. Each health department should make such determinations on the basis of specific circumstances and availability of resources...
  28. pmc Pandemic preparedness in Hawaii: a multicenter verification of real-time RT-PCR for the direct detection of influenza virus types A and B
    A Christian Whelen
    State Laboratories Division, Hawaii State Department of Health, Pearl City, HI 96782, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:81-7. 2010
    ..We integrated multicenter, real-time (RTi) reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) screening into a statewide laboratory algorithm for influenza surveillance and response...
  29. ncbi Near elimination of hepatitis B virus infections among Hawaii elementary school children after universal infant hepatitis B vaccination
    Joseph F Perz
    Division of Viral Hepatitis, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health and Human Services, 1600 Clifton Rd, Mailstop G 37, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Pediatrics 118:1403-8. 2006
    ..6% had chronic hepatitis B virus infection, and 2.1% had resolved infection. We conducted a follow-up survey to examine changes in hepatitis B virus infection rates...
  30. pmc Molecular epidemiologic comparison of 2 unusual clusters of group a streptococcal necrotizing fasciitis in Hawaii
    Guliz Erdem
    John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96826, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 40:1851-4. 2005
    ..5%) of the isolates were considered to be uncommon in the continental United States. These findings suggest that unusual emm types might be responsible for invasive GAS infections in patients from Hawaii...
  31. ncbi Kawasaki syndrome in Hawaii
    Robert C Holman
    Office of the Director, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U S Department of Health and Human Services, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 24:429-33. 2005
    ..To describe the incidence and epidemiology of Kawasaki syndrome (KS) in Hawaii...
  32. ncbi Multidrug-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae with decreased susceptibility to cefixime-Hawaii, 2001
    Susan A Wang
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 37:849-52. 2003
    ..This report of the first 3 patients in the United States identified with this multidrug-resistant strain may portend an emerging problem for clinicians and public health officials...
  33. pmc Household responses to pandemic (H1N1) 2009-related school closures, Perth, Western Australia
    Paul V Effler
    Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA paul effl
    Emerg Infect Dis 16:205-11. 2010
    ....
  34. ncbi "Probable" versus "confirmed" leptospirosis: an epidemiologic and clinical comparison utilizing a surveillance case classification
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Epidemiology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu 96822, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 13:196-203. 2003
    ..The objective of this study was to provide data to refine the current surveillance case classifications...
  35. pmc Underrecognition of leptospirosis during a dengue fever outbreak in Hawaii, 2001-2002
    Tania Ellis
    Department of Public Health Sciences, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Manoa, Hawaii, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 8:541-7. 2008
    ..Physicians should maintain a high index of suspicion for leptospirosis when assessing patients presenting with acute febrile illness among residents and visitors to Hawaii...
  36. ncbi Leptospirosis in Hawaii, 1974-1998: epidemiologic analysis of 353 laboratory-confirmed cases
    Alan R Katz
    Department of Public Health Sciences and Epidemiology, John A Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu 96822, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 66:61-70. 2002
    ..This series represents the first large U.S. leptospirosis surveillance report since 1979. With leptospirosis recently being identified as a re-emerging zoonosis, continued national surveillance and case reporting should be reconsidered...
  37. ncbi Risk factors for infection during a dengue-1 outbreak in Maui, Hawaii, 2001
    John Mosely Hayes
    Dengue Branch, Division of Vector Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1324 Calle Cañada, San Juan, PR 00920 3860
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 100:559-66. 2006
    ..Our data suggest that ecological characteristics may help Hawaii health officials identify communities at increased risk of dengue infection...
  38. pmc A statewide hepatitis B vaccination program for school children in Hawaii: vaccination series completion and participation rates over consecutive school years
    Athmanundh Dilraj
    HIV Prevention and Vaccine Research Unit, Medical Research Council, Congella, South Africa
    Public Health Rep 118:127-33. 2003
    ..Factors assessed included number of schools and students participating and number of students receiving three doses of hepatitis B vaccine...
  39. pmc Food safety for first responders
    Mary K Afton
    Emerg Infect Dis 11:508-9. 2005
  40. pmc Characterization of a community cluster of group a streptococcal invasive disease in Maui, Hawaii
    Guliz Erdem
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Hawaii, John A Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu, Hawaii
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:677-9. 2004
    ..The identification of uncommon emm types suggested that group A streptococcal sero-types in Hawaii are different from those in the continental United States and can result in serious disease...
  41. ncbi Fluoroquinolone resistance among Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates in Hawaii, 1990-2000: role of foreign importation and increasing endemic spread
    Christopher J Iverson
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Hawaii Department of Health, Honolulu, Hawaii
    Sex Transm Dis 31:702-8. 2004
    ..In 1999, an increase in ciprofloxacin-resistant Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates was identified in Hawaii, prompting initiation of investigative studies...
  42. ncbi Ciprofloxacin resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae: trends in Hawaii, 1997-2002
    Alan R Katz
    Lancet 362:495. 2003