D R Williams

Summary

Affiliation: Harvard University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in South Africa: analysis from the South African Stress and Health Study
    Lukoye Atwoli
    Department of Mental Health, School of Medicine, Moi University College of Health Sciences, Eldoret, Kenya
    BMC Psychiatry 13:182. 2013
  2. ncbi request reprint The social context of cardiovascular disease: challenges and opportunities for the Jackson Heart Study
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ethn Dis 22:S1-15-21. 2012
  3. pmc Miles to go before we sleep: racial inequities in health
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 53:279-95. 2012
  4. pmc Research on discrimination and health: an exploratory study of unresolved conceptual and measurement issues
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:975-8. 2012
  5. pmc Perceived discrimination and psychological well-being in the U.S.A. and South Africa
    David R Williams
    Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Kresge Building, Boston 02115, USA
    Ethn Health 17:111-33. 2012
  6. pmc Cross-national epidemiology of DSM-IV major depressive episode
    Evelyn Bromet
    Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, South Campus, Stony Brook, NY 11794 8790, NY, USA
    BMC Med 9:90. 2011
  7. pmc Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and needed research
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Behav Med 32:20-47. 2009
  8. pmc Moving upstream: how interventions that address the social determinants of health can improve health and reduce disparities
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 0211, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 14:S8-17. 2008
  9. pmc Perceived discrimination, race and health in South Africa
    David R Williams
    Harvard School of Public Health Boston, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 67:441-52. 2008
  10. pmc Social determinants: taking the social context of asthma seriously
    David R Williams
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard University, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 123:S174-84. 2009

Research Grants

  1. TORTURE AND MENTAL HEALTH IN SOUTH AFRICA
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2003
  2. Trauma, Stress, and Mental Health in South Africa
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006

Detail Information

Publications102 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder in South Africa: analysis from the South African Stress and Health Study
    Lukoye Atwoli
    Department of Mental Health, School of Medicine, Moi University College of Health Sciences, Eldoret, Kenya
    BMC Psychiatry 13:182. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to document the epidemiology of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the South African general population...
  2. ncbi request reprint The social context of cardiovascular disease: challenges and opportunities for the Jackson Heart Study
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ethn Dis 22:S1-15-21. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc Miles to go before we sleep: racial inequities in health
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 53:279-95. 2012
    ....
  4. pmc Research on discrimination and health: an exploratory study of unresolved conceptual and measurement issues
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:975-8. 2012
    ..Our goal in this study was to better understand racial and socioeconomic status (SES) variations in experiences of racial and nonracial discrimination...
  5. pmc Perceived discrimination and psychological well-being in the U.S.A. and South Africa
    David R Williams
    Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Kresge Building, Boston 02115, USA
    Ethn Health 17:111-33. 2012
    ..To explore levels of perceived racial and non-racial discrimination and their associations with self-esteem and mastery in the U.S.A. and South Africa...
  6. pmc Cross-national epidemiology of DSM-IV major depressive episode
    Evelyn Bromet
    Department of Psychiatry, State University of New York at Stony Brook, South Campus, Stony Brook, NY 11794 8790, NY, USA
    BMC Med 9:90. 2011
    ..In this paper, we present data on the prevalence, impairment and demographic correlates of depression from 18 high and low- to middle-income countries in the World Mental Health Survey Initiative...
  7. pmc Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and needed research
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, 6th Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Behav Med 32:20-47. 2009
    ....
  8. pmc Moving upstream: how interventions that address the social determinants of health can improve health and reduce disparities
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 0211, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 14:S8-17. 2008
    ....
  9. pmc Perceived discrimination, race and health in South Africa
    David R Williams
    Harvard School of Public Health Boston, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 67:441-52. 2008
    ....
  10. pmc Social determinants: taking the social context of asthma seriously
    David R Williams
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard University, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 123:S174-84. 2009
    ..Effective initiatives for the prevention and treatment of childhood asthma need to address these nonmedical determinants of the prevalence of asthma...
  11. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Race and mental health--more questions than answers
    David R Williams
    Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Room 615, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 36:758-60. 2007
  12. ncbi request reprint Spirituality, religion and health: evidence and research directions
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Med J Aust 186:S47-50. 2007
    ..Health practices and social ties are important pathways by which religion can affect health. Other potential pathways include the provision of systems of meaning and feelings of strength to cope with stress and adversity...
  13. pmc The mental health of Black Caribbean immigrants: results from the National Survey of American Life
    David R Williams
    Department of Sociology and the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:52-9. 2007
    ..We examined the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among Black Caribbean immigrant ("Caribbean Black") and African American populations and the correlates of psychiatric disorders among the Caribbean Black population...
  14. pmc Race, socioeconomic status, and health: complexities, ongoing challenges, and research opportunities
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:69-101. 2010
    ..The paper identifies research priorities in all of these areas...
  15. doi request reprint Beyond the Affordable Care Act: achieving real improvements in Americans' health
    David R Williams
    Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 29:1481-8. 2010
    ..These recommendations require action at all levels of society to promote development and health in childhood, good nutrition, and communities conducive to good health...
  16. pmc Twelve-month mental disorders in South Africa: prevalence, service use and demographic correlates in the population-based South African Stress and Health Study
    D R Williams
    Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Psychol Med 38:211-20. 2008
    ..South Africa's history and current social conditions suggest that mental disorders are likely to be a major contributor to disease burden, but there has been no national study using standardized assessment tools...
  17. pmc Understanding racial-ethnic disparities in health: sociological contributions
    David R Williams
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 51:S15-27. 2010
    ..Sociological insights on racial disparities in health have important implications for the development of effective approaches to improve health and reduce health inequities...
  18. doi request reprint Community development efforts offer a major opportunity to advance Americans' health
    David R Williams
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 30:2052-5. 2011
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and distribution of major depressive disorder in African Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites: results from the National Survey of American Life
    David R Williams
    Department of Sociology, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:305-15. 2007
    ..Little is known about the relationship between race/ethnicity and depression among US blacks...
  20. pmc Excess mortality among urban residents: how much, for whom, and why?
    J S House
    Survey Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1898-904. 2000
    ..The goals of this study were to estimate prospective mortality risks of city residence, specify how these risks vary by population subgroup, and explore possible explanations...
  21. ncbi request reprint Race, socioeconomic status, and health. The added effects of racism and discrimination
    D R Williams
    University of Michigan, Department of Sociology and Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor 48106, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:173-88. 1999
    ..Residence in poor neighborhoods, racial bias in medical care, the stress of experiences of discrimination and the acceptance of the societal stigma of inferiority can have deleterious consequences for health...
  22. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic factors, health behaviors, and mortality: results from a nationally representative prospective study of US adults
    P M Lantz
    Survey Research Center, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
    JAMA 279:1703-8. 1998
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Measuring social class in US public health research: concepts, methodologies, and guidelines
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 18:341-78. 1997
    ..Suggestions for research on socioeconomic measures are provided, to aid monitoring steps toward social equity in health...
  24. ncbi request reprint Understanding and addressing racial disparities in health care
    D R Williams
    University of Michigan, USA
    Health Care Financ Rev 21:75-90. 2000
    ..Identifying and implementing effective strategies to eliminate racial inequities in health status and medical care should be made a national priority...
  25. ncbi request reprint Race, ethnicity, and the use of services for mental disorders: results from the National Survey of American Life
    Harold W Neighbors
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:485-94. 2007
    ..Little is known about differences in the unmet need for mental health service use between African Americans and Caribbean blacks...
  26. ncbi request reprint The National Survey of American Life: a study of racial, ethnic and cultural influences on mental disorders and mental health
    James S Jackson
    Research Center for Group Dynamics, University of Michigan, USA
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 13:196-207. 2004
    ..Unique features of sample design, including special screening and listing procedures, interviewer training and supervision, and response rate outcomes are described...
  27. pmc The health of men: structured inequalities and opportunities
    David R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, PO Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:724-31. 2003
    ..The forces that adversely affect men's health are interrelated, unfold over the life course, and are amenable to change...
  28. ncbi request reprint Race, health, and health care
    David R Williams
    Department of Sociology, Univesity of Michigan, USA
    St Louis Univ Law J 48:13-35. 2003
  29. pmc Changing to the 2000 standard million: are declining racial/ethnic and socioeconomic inequalities in health real progress or statistical illusion?
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1209-13. 2001
    ..This study determined the effects of changing from the 1940 to the 2000 standard million on monitoring socioeconomic and racial/ethnic inequalities in health...
  30. pmc Racial and spatial relations as fundamental determinants of health in Detroit
    Amy J Schulz
    School of Public Health, University of Michigan M5134 SPH II, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Milbank Q 80:677-707, iv. 2002
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Racism and mental health: the African American experience
    D R Williams
    Department of Sociology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
    Ethn Health 5:243-68. 2000
    ..Third, in race-conscious societies, the acceptance of negative cultural stereotypes can lead to unfavorable self-evaluations that have deleterious effects on psychological well-being. Research directions are outlined...
  32. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic disparities in health change in a longitudinal study of US adults: the role of health-risk behaviors
    P M Lantz
    Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
    Soc Sci Med 53:29-40. 2001
    ..The results suggest that the higher prevalence of major health-risk behaviors among those in lower socioeconomic strata is not the dominant mediating mechanism that can explain socioeconomic disparities in health status among US adults...
  33. ncbi request reprint The prevalence, distribution, and mental health correlates of perceived discrimination in the United States
    R C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 40:208-30. 1999
    ....
  34. pmc Race/ethnicity and the 2000 census: recommendations for African American and other black populations in the United States
    D R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1728-30. 2000
    ....
  35. pmc Racial residential segregation: a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health
    D R Williams
    Department of Sociology and Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Public Health Rep 116:404-16. 2001
    ..The authors conclude that effective efforts to eliminate racial disparities in health must seriously confront segregation and its pervasive consequences...
  36. pmc Non-fatal suicidal behavior among South Africans : results from the South Africa Stress and Health Study
    Sean Joe
    School of Social Work, University of Michigan, 1080 South University Ave, Room 2780, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:454-61. 2008
    ..This study examines the prevalence, age of onset and sociodemographic correlates of suicide ideation, planning, and attempts among South Africans...
  37. pmc Racial/ethnic variations in women's health: the social embeddedness of health
    David R Williams
    Department of Sociology and Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, PO Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:588-97. 2002
    ..There is a need for renewed attention to monitoring, understanding, and actively seeking to eliminate racial/ethnic disparities in health...
  38. ncbi request reprint The African American minister as a source of help for serious personal crises: bridge or barrier to mental health care?
    H W Neighbors
    School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
    Health Educ Behav 25:759-77. 1998
    ..It is recommended that African American clergy and mental health professionals engage in a mutual exchange of information to increase access to professional care among African Americans with serious personal problems...
  39. pmc Discrimination, symptoms of depression, and self-rated health among african american women in detroit: results from a longitudinal analysis
    Amy J Schulz
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1265-70. 2006
    ..We examined the longitudinal association of self-reported everyday discrimination with depressive symptoms and self-rated general health...
  40. pmc Understanding social disparities in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control: the role of neighborhood context
    Jeffrey D Morenoff
    University of Michigan, 33361 ISR, PO Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:1853-66. 2007
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Modifiable risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms in low-income African American mothers
    Kristine Siefert
    Research Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental Health, School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 77:113-23. 2007
    ..These findings support the need for interventions that operate across individual and societal levels to address the fundamental causes of poor mental health...
  42. pmc Use of mental health services and subjective satisfaction with treatment among Black Caribbean immigrants: results from the National Survey of American Life
    James S Jackson
    School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, and the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:60-7. 2007
    ..We examined the use rates and correlates of formal psychiatric services among the US-born and immigrant Caribbean Black population...
  43. ncbi request reprint The South Africa Stress and Health Study: rationale and design
    David R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
    Metab Brain Dis 19:135-47. 2004
    ..It will also assess a broad range of risk factors and resources that may modify the association between exposure to human rights violations and mental health...
  44. ncbi request reprint Food insufficiency and physical and mental health in a longitudinal survey of welfare recipients
    Kristine Siefert
    NIMH Research Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1106, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 45:171-86. 2004
    ..Food insufficiency at both times and in 1998 only was related to women's sense of mastery. These findings add to growing evidence that household food insufficiency is associated with poor physical and mental health...
  45. pmc Racial segregation and disparities in cancer stage for seniors
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:699-705. 2008
    ..Disparities in cancer survival may be related to differences in stage. Segregation may be associated with disparities in stage, particularly for cancers for which screening promotes survival...
  46. pmc Prevalence and correlates of non-fatal suicidal behaviour among South Africans
    Sean Joe
    School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 192:310-1. 2008
    ..8% a plan and 2.9% an attempt. Among four ethnic groups, the Coloureda group had the highest lifetime prevalence for attempts (7.1%). Those at higher risk of suicide attempts had one or more DSM-IV disorders...
  47. pmc Physical violence against intimate partners and related exposures to violence among South African men
    Jhumka Gupta
    Yale School of Public Health and Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    CMAJ 179:535-41. 2008
    ..Despite high rates of intimate partner violence in South Africa, there have been no national studies of men's perpetration of violence against female partners...
  48. pmc Childhood adversities and adult psychopathology in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
    Ronald C Kessler
    Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 197:378-85. 2010
    ..Although significant associations of childhood adversities with adult mental disorders are widely documented, most studies focus on single childhood adversities predicting single disorders...
  49. doi request reprint Depression, anxiety, and religious life: a search for mediators
    Michelle J Sternthal
    Harvard University, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 51:343-59. 2010
    ..Hypothesized mediators, including meaning, interpersonal and self-forgiveness, congregational criticism, social attendance beliefs, and negative coping are independently associated with one or more mental health outcomes...
  50. pmc Adversities in childhood and adult psychopathology in the South Africa Stress and Health Study: associations with first-onset DSM-IV disorders
    Natalie Slopen
    Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, United States
    Soc Sci Med 71:1847-54. 2010
    ....
  51. pmc Cross-national analysis of the associations among mental disorders and suicidal behavior: findings from the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
    Matthew K Nock
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 6:e1000123. 2009
    ..This study was designed to test each of these questions with a focus on nonfatal suicide attempts...
  52. pmc Past horrors, present struggles: the role of stigma in the association between war experiences and psychosocial adjustment among former child soldiers in Sierra Leone
    Theresa S Betancourt
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 70:17-26. 2010
    ..These findings point to the complexity of psychosocial adjustment and community reintegration in these youth and have a number of programmatic and policy implications...
  53. ncbi request reprint The health of U.S. racial and ethnic populations
    David R Williams
    Department of Sociology, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Post Office Box 1248, 426 Thompson St, Ann Arbor, 48106 1248, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60:53-62. 2005
    ....
  54. doi request reprint Toward a policy-relevant analysis of geographic and racial/ethnic disparities in child health
    Dolores Acevedo-Garcia
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, in Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 27:321-33. 2008
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint Stress, life events, and socioeconomic disparities in health: results from the Americans' Changing Lives Study
    Paula M Lantz
    University of Michigan School of Public Health, 109 Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 46:274-88. 2005
    ..The results support the hypothesis that differential exposure to stress and negative life events is one of many ways in which socioeconomic inequalities in health are produced in society...
  56. pmc Early life adversity and inflammation in African Americans and whites in the midlife in the United States survey
    Natalie Slopen
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Psychosom Med 72:694-701. 2010
    ..To determine whether early life adversity (ELA) was predictive of inflammatory markers and to determine the consistency of these associations across racial groups...
  57. pmc Racial segregation and disparities in breast cancer care and mortality
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02120 1613, USA
    Cancer 113:2166-72. 2008
    ..Questions have existed as to whether residential segregation is a mediator of racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer care and breast cancer mortality, or has a differential effect by race/ethnicity...
  58. pmc Racial/ethnic discrimination and health: findings from community studies
    David R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:200-8. 2003
    ..Research on stress points to important directions for the future assessment of discrimination and the testing of the underlying processes and mechanisms by which discrimination can lead to changes in health...
  59. ncbi request reprint Racism, discrimination and hypertension: evidence and needed research
    D R Williams
    Department of Sociology, Survey Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
    Ethn Dis 11:800-16. 2001
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Food insufficiency and the physical and mental health of low-income women
    K Siefert
    NIMH Research Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental Health, The University of Michigan, School of Social Work, Ann Arbor, 48104 2210, USA
    Women Health 32:159-77. 2001
    ..Although the cross-sectional design of this study precludes causal inference, these findings add to a growing body of evidence that food insufficiency is associated with serious adverse physical and mental health consequences...
  61. ncbi request reprint Correlates of cigarette smoking among low-income African American women
    Jorge Delva
    School of Social Work, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, P O Box 1248, 426 Thompson St, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Ethn Dis 16:527-33. 2006
    ..This study examines individual and contextual correlates of cigarette smoking in a randomly selected, community-based sample of low-income African American women...
  62. pmc Cigarette smoking among low-income African Americans: a serious public health problem
    Jorge Delva
    School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109, USA
    Am J Prev Med 29:218-20. 2005
    ..This study examines the current prevalence of cigarette smoking and the number of cigarettes smoked in a community-based sample of 1021 low-income African-American men and women...
  63. pmc Mortality patterns of Native Hawaiians across their lifespan: 1990-2000
    Sela V Panapasa
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2304-10. 2010
    ..We examined mortality patterns across the lifespan of Native Hawaiians and compared mortality disparities across races...
  64. pmc Life-course socioeconomic position and hypertension in African American men: the Pitt County Study
    Sherman A James
    School of Public Health and Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:812-7. 2006
    ..We investigated the odds of hypertension for Black men in relationship to their socioeconomic position (SEP) in both childhood and adulthood...
  65. ncbi request reprint Serving women in need: nurse-midwifery practice in the United States
    E R Declercq
    Department of Maternal and Child Health at Boston University School of Public Health, Massachusetts, USA
    J Midwifery Womens Health 46:11-6. 2001
    ..Findings also indicate a need for further research in the areas of CNM workload and productivity in managed care settings and the association between CNM race and ethnicity and the race and ethnicity of their clients...
  66. ncbi request reprint Poverty, food insecurity, and the behavior for childhood internalizing and externalizing disorders
    Natalie Slopen
    Department of Society, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 49:444-52. 2010
    ..This study investigated the associations of poverty and food insecurity over a 2-year period with internalizing and externalizing problems in a large, community-based sample...
  67. pmc Lower use of hospice by cancer patients who live in minority versus white areas
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02120 1613, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:396-9. 2007
    ..Although hospice care can alleviate suffering at the end of life for patients with cancer, it remains underutilized, particularly by African Americans and Hispanics...
  68. pmc Maternal perspectives on growth and nutrition counseling provided at preschool well-child visits
    Susan J Woolford
    Divisionsof General Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0456, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 99:153-8. 2007
    ..Objective: To explore what mothers of preschoolers recall and understand about growth assessment and nutrition anticipatory guidance provided at their child's most recent well-child visit...
  69. ncbi request reprint Social sources of racial disparities in health
    David R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 24:325-34. 2005
    ..Changes in a broad range of public policies are likely to be central to effectively addressing racial disparities...
  70. pmc Immigration and mental health: diverse findings in Asian, black, and Latino populations
    David T Takeuchi
    Am J Public Health 97:11-2. 2007
  71. ncbi request reprint Self-reported health, perceived racial discrimination, and skin color in African Americans in the CARDIA study
    Luisa N Borrell
    Columbia University New York, NY, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:1415-27. 2006
    ..Further studies of the health consequences of discrimination will require investigation of both the upstream determinants of discrimination and the downstream mechanisms by which perceived discrimination affects health outcomes...
  72. ncbi request reprint Attendance at religious services and mortality in a national sample
    Marc A Musick
    Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 45:198-213. 2004
    ..Surprisingly, other religious beliefs and behaviors do not explain, and often tend to suppress, the association between service attendance and mortality...
  73. ncbi request reprint Sociocultural methods in the Jackson Heart Study: conceptual and descriptive overview
    Thomas J Payne
    School of Medicine, Examination Center, Jackson Heart Study, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson 39216 4505, USA
    Ethn Dis 15:S6-38-48. 2005
    ..This paper describes the rationale and overall approach for sociocultural assessment in the JHS, both generally and for each content area...
  74. ncbi request reprint Health disparities based on socioeconomic inequities: implications for urban health care
    Kevin Fiscella
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA
    Acad Med 79:1139-47. 2004
    ....
  75. pmc Multiple traumatic events and psychological distress: the South Africa stress and health study
    Stacey L Williams
    Department of Psychology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
    J Trauma Stress 20:845-55. 2007
    ..Individuals with the most traumas (6+) appear at 5 times greater risk of high distress. This study highlights the importance of considering traumatic events in the context of other traumas in South Africa...
  76. pmc Neighbourhood characteristics, individual level socioeconomic factors, and depressive symptoms in young adults: the CARDIA study
    Claire Henderson
    Public Psychiatry Fellowship, Room 317, 722 W 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:322-8. 2005
    ..To investigate the relation between neighbourhood socioeconomic and ethnic characteristics with depressive symptoms in a population based sample...
  77. ncbi request reprint Food insufficiency and women's mental health: findings from a 3-year panel of welfare recipients
    Colleen M Heflin
    Martin School of Public Policy, University of Kentucky, 429 POT, Lexington, KY 40503, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:1971-82. 2005
    ....
  78. doi request reprint Mental health in the context of health disparities
    Jeanne Miranda
    Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, 10920 Wilshire Blvd, Ste 300, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 165:1102-8. 2008
  79. ncbi request reprint African American girls' smoking habits and day-to-day experiences with racial discrimination
    Barbara J Guthrie
    University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor 48109 0482, USA
    Nurs Res 51:183-90. 2002
    ..Few studies have examined the relationship between racial discrimination and specific health risks...
  80. ncbi request reprint Self-reported racial discrimination and substance use in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Adults Study
    Luisa N Borrell
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1068-79. 2007
    ..These associations were similarly positive in Whites but not significant. Substance use may be an unhealthy coping response to perceived unfair treatment for some individuals, regardless of their race/ethnicity...
  81. pmc Vulnerability as a function of individual and group resources in cumulative risk assessment
    Peter L deFur
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:817-24. 2007
    ..However, vulnerability has received little specific attention in the risk assessment literature...
  82. ncbi request reprint Racial discrimination & health: pathways & evidence
    Ameena T Ahmed
    Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, CA, USA
    Indian J Med Res 126:318-27. 2007
    ....
  83. pmc Lifetime prevalence of psychiatric disorders in South Africa
    Dan J Stein
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Br J Psychiatry 192:112-7. 2008
    ....
  84. pmc Social determinants of psychological distress in a nationally-representative sample of South African adults
    Landon Myer
    School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 66:1828-40. 2008
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint Racism and cardiovascular disease in African Americans
    Sharon B Wyatt
    University of Missisippi Medical Center, School of Nursing, Jackson, 39216 4505, USA
    Am J Med Sci 325:315-31. 2003
    ..The findings, though suggestive of a positive association, are neither consistent nor clear. The research agenda of the Jackson Heart Study in addressing the role of racism in CVD is presented...
  86. pmc The impact of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission on psychological distress and forgiveness in South Africa
    Dan J Stein
    University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:462-8. 2008
    ..However, there was also a concern that individuals with TRC relevant experience would simply be re-traumatized by participation in the process. To date, there has been little empirical data for either hypothesis...
  87. pmc Modified-Symbol Digit Modalities Test for African Americans, Caribbean Black Americans, and non-Latino Whites: nationally representative normative data from the National Survey of American Life
    Hector M Gonzalez
    Institute of Gerontology and the School of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Wayne State University, 87 East Ferry Street, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:605-13. 2007
    ..Unlike previous work, this study supports the consideration of Black ethnicity when evaluating Black neuropsychological test performance...
  88. pmc Optimal indicators of socioeconomic status for health research
    Mary C Daly
    Institute for Polict Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1151-7. 2002
    ..In this study we examined the relationship between indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) and mortality for a representative sample of individuals...
  89. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric disorders and substance dependence among unmarried low-income mothers
    Daniel Rosen
    University of Pittsburgh, 2009 Cathedral of Learning, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Health Soc Work 28:157-65. 2003
    ..The association of welfare status and psychiatric disorders highlights the need for access to mental health services for this population. Implications for low-income women making the transition from welfare to employment are discussed...
  90. ncbi request reprint Nonmotor symptoms as presenting complaints in Parkinson's disease: a clinicopathological study
    Sean S O'Sullivan
    Reta Lila Weston Institute of Neurological Studies, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 23:101-6. 2008
    ..Presenting with NMS does not affect the motor response to medication, but is associated with shorter disease duration (chi(2) P = 0.016)...
  91. pmc Disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across the world
    Johan Ormel
    Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Groningen, and Graduate School of Behavioural and Cognitive Neurosciences and Graduate School for Experimental Psychopathology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 192:368-75. 2008
    ..Advocates of expanded mental health treatment assert that mental disorders are as disabling as physical disorders, but little evidence supports this assertion...
  92. ncbi request reprint The concept and measurement of race and their relationship to public health: a review focused on Brazil and the United States
    Claudia Travassos
    Departamento de Informações Em Saúde, Centro de Informação Científica e Tecnológica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 20:660-78. 2004
    ..We discuss how these issues and problems apply to public health and make recommendations about the measurement of race in medical records and public health research...
  93. ncbi request reprint Religious involvement and cigarette smoking in young adults: the CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults)study (
    Mary A Whooley
    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Fancisco, 94121, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1604-10. 2002
    ..We sought to determine whether frequent attendance at religious services is associated with less smoking among young adults...
  94. ncbi request reprint The integral role of pastoral counseling by African-American clergy in community mental health
    John L Young
    Whiting Forensic Division, Connecticut Valley Hospital, PO Box 70, Middletown, CT 06457, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 54:688-92. 2003
    ..The authors interviewed the pastors of nearly all African-American churches in a metropolitan area about their pastoral counseling work and related aspects of their ministry...
  95. ncbi request reprint Impact of socioeconomic status on longitudinal accumulation of cardiovascular risk in young adults: the CARDIA Study (USA)
    Arun S Karlamangla
    Division of Geriatrics, UCLA School of Medicine, 10945 Le Conte 2339, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1687, USA
    Soc Sci Med 60:999-1015. 2005
    ....
  96. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status and health: the role of sleep
    Philip J Moore
    Department of Psychology, George Washington University, 2125 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20052, USA
    Psychosom Med 64:337-44. 2002
    ..Examine the role of sleep in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health...
  97. ncbi request reprint Psychogenic palatal tremor
    David R Williams
    Neurology Registrar, St Vincent s Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
    Mov Disord 19:333-5. 2004
    ..The heterogenous nature of essential palatal tremor and its relationship with PPT, voluntary palatal movements, and tics is discussed...
  98. ncbi request reprint Pathological tau burden and distribution distinguishes progressive supranuclear palsy-parkinsonism from Richardson's syndrome
    David R Williams
    Queen Square Brain Bank for Neurological Disorders, London, UK
    Brain 130:1566-76. 2007
    ..The grading system we have developed provides an easy-to-use and sensitive tool for the morphological assessment of PSP-tau pathology and allows for consideration of the clinical diversity that is known to occur in PSP...
  99. ncbi request reprint Genetic variation at the tau locus and clinical syndromes associated with progressive supranuclear palsy
    David R Williams
    The Queen Square Brain Bank for Neurological Disorders, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 22:895-7. 2007
    ..No mutations were found in 75 patients (21 PSP-P), and H1c was associated with both Richardson's syndrome and PSP-P compared with controls. Routine screening for MAPT mutations in atypical PSP is not recommended...
  100. ncbi request reprint Kufor Rakeb disease: autosomal recessive, levodopa-responsive parkinsonism with pyramidal degeneration, supranuclear gaze palsy, and dementia
    David R Williams
    The Queen Square Brain Bank for Neurological Disorders Reta Lila Weston Institute for Neurological Studies, University College London, London, United Kingdom
    Mov Disord 20:1264-71. 2005
    ..Several new features were identified, including facial-faucial-finger mini-myoclonus, visual hallucinations, and oculogyric dystonic spasms...
  101. pmc Phenotype, genotype, and worldwide genetic penetrance of LRRK2-associated Parkinson's disease: a case-control study
    Daniel G Healy
    Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet Neurol 7:583-90. 2008
    ..LRRK2-associated PD be distinguished from idiopathic PD; which mutations in LRRK2 are pathogenic; and what is the age-specific cumulative risk of PD for individuals who inherit or are at risk of inheriting a deleterious mutation in LRRK2?..

Research Grants9

  1. TORTURE AND MENTAL HEALTH IN SOUTH AFRICA
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  2. Trauma, Stress, and Mental Health in South Africa
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....