E Villamor

Summary

Affiliation: Harvard University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Primary antimicrobial resistance among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from HIV seropositive and HIV seronegative patients in Dar es Salaam Tanzania
    Willy Urassa
    Departments of Microbiology and Immunology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    BMC Res Notes 1:58. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint Vitamin B-12 status is associated with socioeconomic level and adherence to an animal food dietary pattern in Colombian school children
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 138:1391-8. 2008
  3. ncbi request reprint Adverse perinatal outcomes of HIV-1-infected women in relation to malaria parasitemia in maternal and umbilical cord blood
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:694-7. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Wasting and body composition of adults with pulmonary tuberculosis in relation to HIV-1 coinfection, socioeconomic status, and severity of tuberculosis
    E Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:163-71. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A serostatus and heterosexual transmission of HIV: case-control study in Tanzania and review of the evidence
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, 02115, USA
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 76:81-5. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Trends in obesity, underweight, and wasting among women attending prenatal clinics in urban Tanzania, 1995-2004
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:1387-94. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint A potential role for vitamin D on HIV infection?
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Nutr Rev 64:226-33. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Interpregnancy weight change and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes: a population-based study
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Lancet 368:1164-70. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Effects of maternal vitamin supplements on malaria in children born to HIV-infected women
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:1066-71. 2007
  10. pmc Provision of a school snack is associated with vitamin B-12 status, linear growth, and morbidity in children from Bogota, Colombia
    Joanne E Arsenault
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 139:1744-50. 2009

Research Grants

  1. Vitamins, Breast Milk HIV Shedding and Child Health
    Eduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2004
  2. Vitamins, Breast Milk HIV Shedding and Child Health
    Eduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2005
  3. Vitamins, Breast Milk HIV Shedding and Child Health
    Eduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2006

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications65

  1. pmc Primary antimicrobial resistance among Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from HIV seropositive and HIV seronegative patients in Dar es Salaam Tanzania
    Willy Urassa
    Departments of Microbiology and Immunology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    BMC Res Notes 1:58. 2008
    ..tuberculosis including MDR vary greatly. The varied drug-resistance patterns make continuous surveillance of drug resistance an essential component of tuberculosis control program...
  2. ncbi request reprint Vitamin B-12 status is associated with socioeconomic level and adherence to an animal food dietary pattern in Colombian school children
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 138:1391-8. 2008
    ..008). Low vitamin B-12 status is not negligible in Colombian school children and is associated with poverty and marginal intake of animal food sources...
  3. ncbi request reprint Adverse perinatal outcomes of HIV-1-infected women in relation to malaria parasitemia in maternal and umbilical cord blood
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:694-7. 2005
    ..Cord blood parasitemia is a strong predictor of neonatal death. The potential effect of zinc supplementation on clinical malaria outcomes deserves future investigation...
  4. ncbi request reprint Wasting and body composition of adults with pulmonary tuberculosis in relation to HIV-1 coinfection, socioeconomic status, and severity of tuberculosis
    E Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:163-71. 2006
    ..To examine the impact of HIV coinfection, socioeconomic status (SES) and severity of tuberculosis (TB) on the body composition and anthropometric status of adults with pulmonary TB...
  5. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A serostatus and heterosexual transmission of HIV: case-control study in Tanzania and review of the evidence
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, 02115, USA
    Int J Vitam Nutr Res 76:81-5. 2006
    ..14, 95% C I = 0.54, 8.45). In light of these and previous results, we conclude that there is not enough evidence yet to suggest a causal association between vitamin A and heterosexual transmission...
  6. ncbi request reprint Trends in obesity, underweight, and wasting among women attending prenatal clinics in urban Tanzania, 1995-2004
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:1387-94. 2006
    ..Scarce data are available from population studies on the recent trends and current epidemiology of obesity in African settings...
  7. ncbi request reprint A potential role for vitamin D on HIV infection?
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Nutr Rev 64:226-33. 2006
    ..These investigations would provide useful insights on the potential role of vitamin D supplementation to HIV-infected persons and the planning of intervention trials...
  8. ncbi request reprint Interpregnancy weight change and risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes: a population-based study
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Lancet 368:1164-70. 2006
    ..Maternal obesity has been positively associated with risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, but evidence of a causal relation is scarce. Causality would be lent support if temporal changes in weight affected risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes...
  9. ncbi request reprint Effects of maternal vitamin supplements on malaria in children born to HIV-infected women
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:1066-71. 2007
    ..Supplementation of pregnant and lactating HIV-infected women with vitamins B, C, and E might be a useful, inexpensive intervention to decrease the burden of malaria in children born to HIV-infected women in sub-Saharan Africa...
  10. pmc Provision of a school snack is associated with vitamin B-12 status, linear growth, and morbidity in children from Bogota, Colombia
    Joanne E Arsenault
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 139:1744-50. 2009
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Long-chain n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids in breast milk decrease the risk of HIV transmission through breastfeeding
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:682-9. 2007
    ..Breastfeeding accounts for a sizable proportion of infant HIV infections. Some fatty acids (FAs) are potent immunomodulators with virucidal activity, and their primary source in breastfed children is breast milk...
  12. ncbi request reprint Interpregnancy weight gain and the male-to-female sex ratio of the second pregnancy: a population-based cohort study
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Fertil Steril 89:1240-4. 2008
    ....
  13. doi request reprint Growing up under generalized violence: an ecological study of homicide rates and secular trends in age at menarche in Colombia, 1940s-1980s
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Econ Hum Biol 7:238-45. 2009
    ..These results could suggest a potential impact on maturation of psychosocial stress in childhood due to exposure to a generalized atmosphere of violence and fear...
  14. doi request reprint Is the association between low birth weight and asthma independent of genetic and shared environmental factors?
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1337-43. 2009
    ..In conclusion, there is a negative association between birth weight and asthma in twins that is unlikely to be confounded by genetic or shared environmental factors...
  15. doi request reprint Risk of oral clefts in relation to prepregnancy weight change and interpregnancy interval
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 167:1305-11. 2008
    ..9 in women with intervals of > pr =48 months (adjusted p for trend = 0.002). High prepregnancy maternal weight gain and long interpregnancy intervals appear to be associated with increased risk of cleft palate...
  16. pmc A trial of the effect of micronutrient supplementation on treatment outcome, T cell counts, morbidity, and mortality in adults with pulmonary tuberculosis
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:1499-505. 2008
    ..Tuberculosis (TB) often coincides with nutritional deficiencies. The effects of micronutrient supplementation on TB treatment outcomes, clinical complications, and mortality are uncertain...
  17. ncbi request reprint Vitamin supplements, socioeconomic status, and morbidity events as predictors of wasting in HIV-infected women from Tanzania
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition and Community Health, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:857-65. 2005
    ..Vitamin supplements delay the disease progression, but their effect on wasting is not known. Data are lacking on the risk factors for wasting in African HIV-infected persons...
  18. pmc Effects of vitamin a supplementation on immune responses and correlation with clinical outcomes
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 18:446-64. 2005
    ..Additional studies with these age groups are needed...
  19. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A supplements ameliorate the adverse effect of HIV-1, malaria, and diarrheal infections on child growth
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Pediatrics 109:E6. 2002
    ..We hypothesize that vitamin A supplementation could ameliorate the adverse effect of these infections on child growth...
  20. ncbi request reprint Effect of multivitamin and vitamin A supplements on weight gain during pregnancy among HIV-1-infected women
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:1082-90. 2002
    ..Multivitamin supplementation was shown to be effective in preventing adverse pregnancy outcomes among HIV-positive women. These protective effects could be mediated in part by an improvement in the pattern of gestational weight gain...
  21. ncbi request reprint Child mortality in relation to HIV infection, nutritional status, and socio-economic background
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:61-8. 2005
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Wasting during pregnancy increases the risk of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:622-6. 2005
    ..To examine whether wasting during pregnancy, as measured by weight loss and low weight gain, is associated with increased mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV-1...
  23. ncbi request reprint HIV status and sociodemographic correlates of maternal body size and wasting during pregnancy
    E Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 56:415-24. 2002
    ..To examine HIV status and sociodemographic variables as correlates of body size (height, body mass index (BMI), and mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC)) and wasting (MUAC <22 cm) in pregnant women...
  24. ncbi request reprint Vitamin supplementation of HIV-infected women improves postnatal child growth
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition and Community Health, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:880-8. 2005
    ..Linear growth retardation and wasting are common in children born to HIV-infected women. Inexpensive interventions that could improve the postnatal growth pattern of such children are needed...
  25. ncbi request reprint Malaria parasitaemia in relation to HIV status and vitamin A supplementation among pre-school children
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 8:1051-61. 2003
    ..To ascertain whether malaria parasitaemia in children is associated with HIV status. To examine the effect of vitamin A supplementation on malaria parasitaemia in children...
  26. ncbi request reprint Weight loss during pregnancy is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes among HIV-1 infected women
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    J Nutr 134:1424-31. 2004
    ..We conclude that poor anthropometric status at the first prenatal visit and weight loss during pregnancy among HIV-1 infected women are strong risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes...
  27. ncbi request reprint Human immunodeficiency virus infection, diarrheal disease and sociodemographic predictors of child growth
    E Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Center for Biostatistics in AIDS Research, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Acta Paediatr 93:372-9. 2004
    ..To compare growth patterns between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected and -uninfected preschool children. To examine the associations between diarrheal and respiratory infections, sociodemographic factors and growth...
  28. ncbi request reprint Pattern and predictors of weight gain during pregnancy among HIV-1-infected women from Tanzania
    Eduardo Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, U S A
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:560-9. 2003
    ..Prevention and treatment of parasitic infections and improvement of nutritional status are likely to enhance the pattern of gestational weight gain among HIV-infected women...
  29. pmc Effect of vitamin supplementation on breast milk concentrations of retinol, carotenoids and tocopherols in HIV-infected Tanzanian women
    A L Webb
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 2115, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:332-9. 2009
    ..We examined the impact of vitamin supplementation during pregnancy and lactation on breast milk concentrations of retinol, carotenoids and tocopherols during the first year postpartum among 626 HIV-infected Tanzanian women...
  30. pmc Predictors of change in nutritional and hemoglobin status among adults treated for tuberculosis in Tanzania
    K Kawai
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:1380-9. 2011
    ..Patients with tuberculosis (TB) often suffer from profound malnutrition...
  31. ncbi request reprint Effect of vitamin supplementation to HIV-infected pregnant women on the micronutrient status of their infants
    A Baylin
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 59:960-8. 2005
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Zinc supplementation to HIV-1-infected pregnant women: effects on maternal anthropometry, viral load, and early mother-to-child transmission
    E Villamor
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 60:862-9. 2006
    ..To examine the effect of zinc supplementation to HIV-1-infected pregnant women on viral load, early mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT), and wasting...
  33. ncbi request reprint Transmission of cell-free and cell-associated HIV-1 through breast-feeding
    Irene N Koulinska
    Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative, Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 41:93-9. 2006
    ....
  34. pmc Anemia in adults with tuberculosis is associated with HIV and anthropometric status in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    E Saathoff
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 15:925-32. 2011
    ..Tuberculosis (TB) infected adults attending out-patient TB clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania...
  35. ncbi request reprint Stunting associated with poor socioeconomic and maternal nutrition status and respiratory morbidity in Colombian schoolchildren
    Louise H Dekker
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA 48109, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 31:242-50. 2010
    ..There are few recent reports on the prevalence and risk factors of stunting and thinness among schoolchildren in Latin America...
  36. ncbi request reprint HIV co-infection, CD4 cell counts and clinical correlates of bacillary density in pulmonary tuberculosis
    F Mugusi
    Department of Internal Medicine, Muhimbili University College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 10:663-9. 2006
    ..We determined the bacillary density in sputum of smear-positive PTB patients and related it to the patients' HIV status, CD4 cell count, clinical and demographic characteristics...
  37. ncbi request reprint Are vitamin A and iron deficiencies re-emerging in urban Latin America? A survey of schoolchildren in Bogota, Colombia
    Ekaterina Maslova
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 30:103-11. 2009
    ..In Latin America, the burden of vitamin A and iron deficiencies has been documented primarily in preschool-age children. There are few recent reports on the vitamin A and iron status of school-age children...
  38. doi request reprint Hemoglobin concentration is inversely associated with erythrocyte folate concentrations in Colombian school-age children, especially among children with low vitamin B12 status
    J E Arsenault
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 63:842-9. 2009
    ..In Colombia, it was recently reported that 38% of school children were anemic; yet, the rate of iron deficiency was only 3.6%...
  39. pmc Vitamin supplementation increases risk of subclinical mastitis in HIV-infected women
    Joanne E Arsenault
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 140:1788-92. 2010
    ..10). Supplementation of HIV-infected women with vitamins increased the risk of subclinical mastitis...
  40. ncbi request reprint Micronutrient supplementation and T cell-mediated immune responses in patients with tuberculosis in Tanzania
    K Kawai
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Epidemiol Infect 142:1505-9. 2014
    ..The role of nutritional intervention in this vulnerable population remains an important area of future research. ..
  41. ncbi request reprint Subclinical mastitis, cell-associated HIV-1 shedding in breast milk, and breast-feeding transmission of HIV-1
    Serpil Kantarci
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 46:651-4. 2007
    ..It is unclear whether this association is mediated by increased cell-free virus (CFV) versus cell-associated virus (CAV) HIV shedding in breast milk...
  42. doi request reprint Chronic inflammation is associated with overweight in Colombian school children
    D Gilbert-Diamond
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 22:244-51. 2012
    ....
  43. doi request reprint Intestinal protozoan infections in relation to nutritional status and gastrointestinal morbidity in Colombian school children
    Caroline E Boeke
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 56:299-306. 2010
    ..In conclusion, G. duodenalis and E. coli infections were associated with indicators of poor nutritional status in this population, while B. hominis was related to apparently decreased morbidity...
  44. pmc Correlates of obesity and body image in Colombian women
    Diane Gilbert-Diamond
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 18:1145-51. 2009
    ..To examine the sociodemographic correlates of overweight and obesity as well as body shape perception in women from Bogotá, Colombia...
  45. ncbi request reprint Socio-demographic predictors of age at menarche in a group of Colombian university women
    J Chavarro
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann Hum Biol 31:245-57. 2004
    ..Age at menarche is an important developmental milestone known to be modified by social and environmental factors. The determinants and potential change over time of age at menarche in Colombia are not well documented...
  46. pmc Sex differences in the effects of maternal vitamin supplements on mortality and morbidity among children born to HIV-infected women in Tanzania
    Kosuke Kawai
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Br J Nutr 103:1784-91. 2010
    ..More research is warranted to examine the effect of vitamins by sex and better understand biological mechanisms mediating such effects...
  47. ncbi request reprint Effect of providing vitamin supplements to human immunodeficiency virus-infected, lactating mothers on the child's morbidity and CD4+ cell counts
    Wafaie W Fawzi
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 36:1053-62. 2003
    ..Provision of multivitamin supplements (including those with vitamins B, C, and E) to HIV-infected, lactating women may be a low-cost intervention to improve their children's health...
  48. ncbi request reprint A randomized trial of multivitamin supplements and HIV disease progression and mortality
    Wafaie W Fawzi
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:23-32. 2004
    ..Results from observational studies suggest that micronutrient status is a determinant of the progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease...
  49. ncbi request reprint Trial of zinc supplements in relation to pregnancy outcomes, hematologic indicators, and T cell counts among HIV-1-infected women in Tanzania
    Wafaie W Fawzi
    Department of Nutrition, Muhimbili University, College of Health Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:161-7. 2005
    ..In observational studies, the zinc status of HIV-infected persons has been associated with both positive and adverse clinical outcomes. Such endpoints may affect the risk of adverse birth outcomes among HIV-infected women...
  50. ncbi request reprint Multivitamin supplementation of HIV-positive women during pregnancy reduces hypertension
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute and McMaster University, Hamilton ON, Canada
    J Nutr 135:1776-81. 2005
    ..12, 95% CI 1.04-1.19, P = 0.002). Taking multivitamins containing vitamins B, C, and E during pregnancy may be an inexpensive and effective strategy to improve the health of the mother and baby...
  51. ncbi request reprint Risk of HIV-1 transmission by breastfeeding among mothers infected with recombinant and non-recombinant HIV-1 genotypes
    Irene N Koulinska
    Harvard School of Public Health AIDS Initiative, and Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health, FXB 402, 651 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Virus Res 120:191-8. 2006
    ..Viral genotype and intersubtype recombination may influence the rate and/or timing of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission...
  52. pmc A randomized trial to determine the optimal dosage of multivitamin supplements to reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes among HIV-infected women in Tanzania
    Kosuke Kawai
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:391-7. 2010
    ..The minimum dosage of multivitamins necessary for optimal benefits is unknown...
  53. doi request reprint Nationally representative surveys show recent increases in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among women of reproductive age in Bangladesh, Nepal, and India
    Yarlini Balarajan
    Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 139:2139-44. 2009
    ..In conclusion, while the prevalence of underweight has remained high in Bangladesh, Nepal, and India, the prevalence of overweight-obesity in women of reproductive age has risen between 1996 and 2006...
  54. ncbi request reprint Multivitamin supplementation improves hematologic status in HIV-infected women and their children in Tanzania
    Wafaie W Fawzi
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:1335-43. 2007
    ..Anemia is a frequent complication among HIV-infected persons and is associated with faster disease progression and mortality...
  55. ncbi request reprint Update: effects of antioxidant and non-antioxidant vitamin supplementation on immune function
    Aimee L Webb
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA, 02115, USA
    Nutr Rev 65:181-217. 2007
    ..Controlled intervention trials of B vitamin-containing multivitamin supplements suggest beneficial effects on immune parameters and clinical outcomes in HIV-positive individuals...
  56. ncbi request reprint Food insecurity is highly prevalent and predicts underweight but not overweight in adults and school children from Bogotá, Colombia
    Sheila Isanaka
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 137:2747-55. 2007
    ..The prevalence of food insecurity in Bogotá is high and related to poverty. Food insecurity does not necessarily predict overweight in countries undergoing the nutrition transition...
  57. pmc Overweight is more prevalent than stunting and is associated with socioeconomic status, maternal obesity, and a snacking dietary pattern in school children from Bogota, Colombia
    Christine M McDonald
    Department of Nutrition and 4Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 139:370-6. 2009
    ..In conclusion, child overweight in Bogotá is more common than stunting and is associated with higher SES, maternal obesity, and a snacking dietary pattern...
  58. pmc Assessing the impact of the introduction of the World Health Organization growth standards and weight-for-height z-score criterion on the response to treatment of severe acute malnutrition in children: secondary data analysis
    Sheila Isanaka
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Pediatrics 123:e54-9. 2009
    ....
  59. doi request reprint Food Stamp Program participation but not food insecurity is associated with higher adult BMI in Massachusetts residents living in low-income neighbourhoods
    Amy L Webb
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Public Health Nutr 11:1248-55. 2008
    ..The objective of the present study was to examine whether food insecurity and strategies for managing food insecurity are associated with BMI in adults...
  60. doi request reprint Zinc supplementation in children is not associated with decreases in hemoglobin concentrations
    Louise H Dekker
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 140:1035-40. 2010
    ..Some benefits might exist among children with severe anemia or zinc deficiency, which warrant further evaluation...
  61. pmc Association between breast milk erythropoietin and reduced risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
    Joanne E Arsenault
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Infect Dis 202:370-3. 2010
    ..34 [95% confidence interval, 0.14-0.82]; P = .02). These results suggest a protective effect of breast milk erythropoietin against MTCT...
  62. ncbi request reprint Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase polymorphisms as a risk factor for necrotizing enterocolitis
    Rob M J Moonen
    Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital of Maastricht, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pediatr Res 62:188-90. 2007
    ..43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01-11.49, p = 0.048), when compared with the grouped together AA/AC genotypes. These data suggest that the CPS1 T1405N polymorphism may be associated with the risk of NEC in preterm infants...
  63. ncbi request reprint Nutritional status and its correlates in Equatorial Guinean preschool children: results from a nationally representative survey
    Estefanía Custodio
    National Centre of Tropical Medicine, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain corrected
    Food Nutr Bull 29:49-58. 2008
    ..To propose effective nutrition and public health strategies, it is important first to have reliable information on the nutritional status of the population and the underlying factors affecting it...
  64. ncbi request reprint Age-related differences in vasoconstrictor responses to isoprostanes in piglet pulmonary and mesenteric vascular smooth muscle
    Gema Gonzalez-Luis
    Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Maastricht, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands
    Pediatr Res 57:845-52. 2005
    ..Isoprostane-evoked PA vasoconstriction involved TP receptors and activation of tyrosine kinases and Rho kinases...
  65. doi request reprint Obesity and mortality in critically ill adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Henry Oliveros
    Intensive Care Unit, Central Military Hospital, Bogota, Colombia
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:515-21. 2008

Research Grants3

  1. Vitamins, Breast Milk HIV Shedding and Child Health
    Eduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  2. Vitamins, Breast Milk HIV Shedding and Child Health
    Eduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  3. Vitamins, Breast Milk HIV Shedding and Child Health
    Eduardo Villamor; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....