Anwar T Merchant

Summary

Affiliation: Harvard University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Researching periodontitis: challenges and opportunities
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1492 Barker Avenue, Burlington, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Periodontol 34:1007-15. 2007
  2. doi request reprint Periodontitis and dental caries occur together
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Evid Based Dent Pract 12:18-9. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Will periodontal treatment prevent heart disease and stroke?
    Anwar T Merchant
    Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA, Phone 1 803 777 6095 office Fax 1 803 777 2524 Electronic address
    J Evid Based Dent Pract 12:212-5. 2012
  4. pmc Diet, physical activity, and adiposity in children in poor and rich neighbourhoods: a cross-sectional comparison
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton ON, Canada
    Nutr J 6:1. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Multivitamin supplementation of HIV-positive women during pregnancy reduces hypertension
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute and McMaster University, Hamilton ON, Canada
    J Nutr 135:1776-81. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate intake and HDL in a multiethnic population
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:225-30. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Interrelation of saturated fat, trans fat, alcohol intake, and subclinical atherosclerosis
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:168-74. 2008
  8. pmc Nutrient estimation from an FFQ developed for a Black Zimbabwean population
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton ON, Canada
    Nutr J 4:37. 2005
  9. pmc Food composition database development for between country comparisons
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton ON, Canada
    Nutr J 5:2. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Protein intake is inversely associated with abdominal obesity in a multi-ethnic population
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton ON, Canada
    J Nutr 135:1196-201. 2005

Detail Information

Publications40

  1. ncbi request reprint Researching periodontitis: challenges and opportunities
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1492 Barker Avenue, Burlington, Ontario, Canada
    J Clin Periodontol 34:1007-15. 2007
    ..We then discuss the challenges and opportunities to enhance the evidence base for periodontitis aetiology...
  2. doi request reprint Periodontitis and dental caries occur together
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    J Evid Based Dent Pract 12:18-9. 2012
    ....
  3. doi request reprint Will periodontal treatment prevent heart disease and stroke?
    Anwar T Merchant
    Associate Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA, Phone 1 803 777 6095 office Fax 1 803 777 2524 Electronic address
    J Evid Based Dent Pract 12:212-5. 2012
    ....
  4. pmc Diet, physical activity, and adiposity in children in poor and rich neighbourhoods: a cross-sectional comparison
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton ON, Canada
    Nutr J 6:1. 2007
    ..The objective of this pilot study was to compare diet, physical activity, and the built environment in two Hamilton area elementary schools serving socio-economically different communities...
  5. ncbi request reprint Multivitamin supplementation of HIV-positive women during pregnancy reduces hypertension
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute and McMaster University, Hamilton ON, Canada
    J Nutr 135:1776-81. 2005
    ..12, 95% CI 1.04-1.19, P = 0.002). Taking multivitamins containing vitamins B, C, and E during pregnancy may be an inexpensive and effective strategy to improve the health of the mother and baby...
  6. ncbi request reprint Carbohydrate intake and HDL in a multiethnic population
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:225-30. 2007
    ..Ethnic differences in serum lipids are not explained by genetics, central adiposity, lifestyle, or diet, possibly because dietary carbohydrate has not been considered...
  7. ncbi request reprint Interrelation of saturated fat, trans fat, alcohol intake, and subclinical atherosclerosis
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:168-74. 2008
    ..Intake of saturated fat, trans fat, and alcohol alter cardiovascular disease risk, but their effect on subclinical atherosclerosis remains understudied...
  8. pmc Nutrient estimation from an FFQ developed for a Black Zimbabwean population
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton ON, Canada
    Nutr J 4:37. 2005
    ..The aim of this study is to describe the development of an FFQ and a food composition table to calculate nutrient intake in a Black Zimbabwean population...
  9. pmc Food composition database development for between country comparisons
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton ON, Canada
    Nutr J 5:2. 2006
    ..Using this common metric for nutrient assessment will reduce differential errors in nutrient estimation and improve the validity of between-country comparisons...
  10. ncbi request reprint Protein intake is inversely associated with abdominal obesity in a multi-ethnic population
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton ON, Canada
    J Nutr 135:1196-201. 2005
    ..Substituting a modest amount of protein for carbohydrate may reduce abdominal obesity in a diverse multi-ethnic population. Smoking was positively related to abdominal obesity after accounting for BMI...
  11. ncbi request reprint Whole-grain and fiber intakes and periodontitis risk in men
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute and the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:1395-400. 2006
    ..Diabetes and hyperglycemia increase periodontitis risk, severity, and extent. Increased whole-grain and fiber intakes are associated with improved insulin sensitivity and may therefore affect periodontitis risk...
  12. pmc Carbohydrate intake and overweight and obesity among healthy adults
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:1165-72. 2009
    ..Little is known about the dietary habits of people with optimal body weight in communities with high overweight and obesity prevalence...
  13. ncbi request reprint Vitamin intake is not associated with community-acquired pneumonia in U.S. men
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 134:439-44. 2004
    ..58, 95% CI, 0.39-0.86, P-value test for trend = 0.01). Vitamin supplements are unlikely to reduce pneumonia risk in well-nourished, middle-aged and older men...
  14. ncbi request reprint Seasonal variation in leisure-time physical activity among Canadians
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON
    Can J Public Health 98:203-8. 2007
    ..Canada has substantial climatic variation but its relation with physical activity is understudied. In this investigation, we evaluated the relation between seasonality and physical activity among Canadians...
  15. doi request reprint Available energy from soft drinks: more than the sum of its parts
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:1997-9. 2010
    ..To evaluate the relationship between energy available from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and total energy availability...
  16. doi request reprint Relative validity of an FFQ to estimate daily food and nutrient intakes for Chilean adults
    Mahshid Dehghan
    Population Health Research Institute, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Public Health Nutr 16:1782-8. 2013
    ..The purpose of the present study was to develop and validate an FFQ to rank individuals participating in an ongoing Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study in Chile...
  17. doi request reprint Diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors as risk factors for childhood obesity: an urban and rural comparison
    Ji Hong Liu
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, 29208, USA
    Child Obes 8:440-8. 2012
    ....
  18. doi request reprint Oral care practices and A1c among youth with type 1 and type 2 diabetes
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health and Center for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA
    J Periodontol 83:856-63. 2012
    ..Periodontal treatment is associated with lower hemoglobin A1c in individuals with diabetes, but the relationship between oral hygiene practices and A1c among youth with diabetes is understudied...
  19. pmc Development of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire for use in United Arab Emirates and Kuwait based on local foods
    Mahshid Dehghan
    Hamilton General Hospital, Population Health Research Institute, 237 Barton, Street East, Hamilton, ON L8L 2X2, Canada
    Nutr J 4:18. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study is to describe the development of a culture specific FFQ for Arab populations in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Kuwait...
  20. ncbi request reprint Intake of n-6 and n-3 fatty acids and fish and risk of community-acquired pneumonia in US men
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:668-74. 2005
    ..Essential fatty acids modulate inflammation and glucose metabolism and may alter infection risk...
  21. pmc Childhood obesity, prevalence and prevention
    Mahshid Dehghan
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada
    Nutr J 4:24. 2005
    ..All in all, there is an urgent need to initiate prevention and treatment of obesity in children...
  22. ncbi request reprint Dietary fiber reduces peripheral arterial disease risk in men
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 133:3658-63. 2003
    ..Fruit, vegetable and total fiber intakes were not associated with PAD risk. These results suggest an inverse association between cereal fiber intake and PAD risk in men. Increasing cereal fiber intake may prevent PAD...
  23. doi request reprint Development and validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire among rural- and urban-dwelling adults in Colombia
    Mahshid Dehghan
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    J Nutr Educ Behav 44:609-13. 2012
    ..To validate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) against multiple 24-hour dietary recalls (DRs) that could be used for Colombian adults...
  24. ncbi request reprint Associations between family eating behaviours and body composition measures in peri-adolescents: results from a community-based study of school-aged children
    Samantha Hajna
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Avenue, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada
    Can J Public Health 105:e15-21. 2014
    ..To identify key eating behaviours in children and their parents and to determine the associations between these behaviours and measures of body composition in children...
  25. ncbi request reprint Increased physical activity decreases periodontitis risk in men
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 18:891-8. 2003
    ..Increased physical activity improves insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism, and may therefore affect incidence of periodontitis...
  26. pmc Is bioelectrical impedance accurate for use in large epidemiological studies?
    Mahshid Dehghan
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
    Nutr J 7:26. 2008
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Occurrence of new sexually transmitted diseases in males after HIV diagnosis
    Y Omar Whiteside
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, The University of South Carolina, 800 Sumter Street, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    AIDS Behav 17:1176-84. 2013
    ..High HIV care engagement was not as protective against new STD acquisition for Black MSM as it was for White MSM and reasons for this health disparity should be explored...
  28. doi request reprint Association between body composition and conformity to the recommendations of Canada's Food Guide and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet in peri-adolescence
    Samantha Hajna
    Department of Community Health Sciences, Brock University, 500 Glenridge Avenue, St Catharines, Ontario, Canada
    Public Health Nutr 15:1890-6. 2012
    ..The present study assessed how conformity to the recommendations of these diets was associated with BMI, waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist girth (WG), hip girth (HG) and risk of overweight in peri-adolescents...
  29. doi request reprint Associations between periodontal disease and selected risk factors of early complications among youth with type 1 and type 2 diabetes: a pilot study
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health and Center for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA
    Pediatr Diabetes 12:529-35. 2011
    ..Most studies evaluating the relation between periodontal disease and diabetes in children have not considered diabetes type...
  30. ncbi request reprint Waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio as predictors of cardiovascular events: meta-regression analysis of prospective studies
    Lawrence de Koning
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8L 2X2
    Eur Heart J 28:850-6. 2007
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Commentary: insights from cross-population studies: Rose revisited
    Anwar T Merchant
    Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Ontario L8L 2X2, Canada
    Int J Epidemiol 34:244-6. 2005
  32. ncbi request reprint Effect of type 2 diabetes and its duration on the risk of peripheral arterial disease among men
    Wael K Al-Delaimy
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Am J Med 116:236-40. 2004
    ..To assess the relation between the duration of diabetes and the risk of peripheral arterial disease among men...
  33. pmc Validation of a semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire for Argentinean adults
    Mahshid Dehghan
    Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    PLoS ONE 7:e37958. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to develop a Semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SFFQ) and evaluate its validity and reproducibility in estimating nutrient intake in urban and rural areas of Argentina...
  34. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of social support, anger expression and risk of periodontitis in men
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 134:1591-6. 2003
    ..Stress is associated with poor oral hygiene, increased glucocorticoid secretion that can depress immune function, increased insulin resistance and potentially increased risk of periodontitis...
  35. ncbi request reprint Can nonstandardized bitewing radiographs be used to assess the presence of alveolar bone loss in epidemiologic studies?
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 32:271-6. 2004
    ..To compare periodontitis-associated alveolar bone loss assessment by standardized and nonstandardized radiographs in clinical and epidemiologic studies...
  36. pmc Association between periodontitis and impaired fasting glucose and diabetes
    Youn Hee Choi
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA
    Diabetes Care 34:381-6. 2011
    ..This study investigated the relationship between chronic periodontitis, IFG, and diabetes in the U.S. population...
  37. ncbi request reprint The use of B vitamin supplements and peripheral arterial disease risk in men are inversely related
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nutr 133:2863-7. 2003
    ..70, 95% CI 0.48-1.02, P-value, test for trend = 0.06) and B-12 (RR = 0.77, 95% CI 0.54-1.11, P-value, test for trend = 0.12). These results suggest that higher consumption of folate may contribute to the prevention of PAD...
  38. ncbi request reprint Directed acyclic graphs (DAGs): an aid to assess confounding in dental research
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 30:399-404. 2002
    ..We then demonstrate their application in the control of confounding through examples of observational and cross-sectional epidemiological studies...
  39. doi request reprint Association of the FABP2 T54 variant with plasma triglycerides and insulin resistance in a multiethnic population
    Lawrence de Koning
    Clin Chem 54:1742-4. 2008
  40. ncbi request reprint Use of preexisting radiographs for assessing periodontal disease in epidemiologic studies
    Waranuch Pitiphat
    Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston MA 02115, USA
    J Public Health Dent 64:223-30. 2004
    ....