N Krieger

Summary

Affiliation: Harvard University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint 50-year trends in US socioeconomic inequalities in health: US-born Black and White Americans, 1959-2008
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA and Department of Sociology, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 43:1294-313. 2014
  2. ncbi request reprint Black carbon exposure more strongly associated with census tract poverty compared to household income among US black, white, and Latino working class adults in Boston, MA (2003-2010)
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA Electronic address
    Environ Pollut 190:36-42. 2014
  3. pmc Racial discrimination & cardiovascular disease risk: my body my story study of 1005 US-born black and white community health center participants (US)
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e77174. 2013
  4. pmc History, haldanes and health inequities: exploring phenotypic changes in body size by generation and income level in the US-born White and Black non-Hispanic populations 1959-1962 to 2005-2008
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 42:281-95. 2013
  5. pmc Who and what is a "population"? Historical debates, current controversies, and implications for understanding "population health" and rectifying health inequities
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Milbank Q 90:634-81. 2012
  6. pmc History, biology, and health inequities: emergent embodied phenotypes and the illustrative case of the breast cancer estrogen receptor
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:22-7. 2013
  7. pmc Not just smoking and high-tech medicine: socioeconomic inequities in U.S. mortality rates, overall and by race/ethnicity, 1960-2006
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Health Serv 42:293-322. 2012
  8. pmc Methods for the scientific study of discrimination and health: an ecosocial approach
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:936-44. 2012
  9. pmc The non-linear risk of mortality by income level in a healthy population: US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey mortality follow-up cohort, 1988-2001
    David H Rehkopf
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, 185 Berry Street, Lobby 5, Suite 5700, Campus Box 0560, San Francisco CA 94118, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:383. 2008
  10. pmc Hormone replacement therapy, cancer, controversies, and women's health: historical, epidemiological, biological, clinical, and advocacy perspectives
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:740-8. 2005

Detail Information

Publications95

  1. ncbi request reprint 50-year trends in US socioeconomic inequalities in health: US-born Black and White Americans, 1959-2008
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA and Department of Sociology, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 43:1294-313. 2014
    ..Debates exist over whether health inequities are bound to rise as population health improves, due to health improving more quickly among the better off, with most analyses focused on mortality data...
  2. ncbi request reprint Black carbon exposure more strongly associated with census tract poverty compared to household income among US black, white, and Latino working class adults in Boston, MA (2003-2010)
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA Electronic address
    Environ Pollut 190:36-42. 2014
    ..373; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.322, 0.423) but not with annual household income or education; null associations with race/ethnicity became significant only after controlling for socioeconomic position. ..
  3. pmc Racial discrimination & cardiovascular disease risk: my body my story study of 1005 US-born black and white community health center participants (US)
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e77174. 2013
    ..To date, limited and inconsistent evidence exists regarding racial discrimination and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  4. pmc History, haldanes and health inequities: exploring phenotypic changes in body size by generation and income level in the US-born White and Black non-Hispanic populations 1959-1962 to 2005-2008
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 42:281-95. 2013
    ....
  5. pmc Who and what is a "population"? Historical debates, current controversies, and implications for understanding "population health" and rectifying health inequities
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Milbank Q 90:634-81. 2012
    ..Yet who and what defines and makes a population has everything to do with whether population means are meaningful or meaningless, with profound implications for work on population health and health inequities...
  6. pmc History, biology, and health inequities: emergent embodied phenotypes and the illustrative case of the breast cancer estrogen receptor
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:22-7. 2013
    ....
  7. pmc Not just smoking and high-tech medicine: socioeconomic inequities in U.S. mortality rates, overall and by race/ethnicity, 1960-2006
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Health Serv 42:293-322. 2012
    ..None of these findings can be attributed to trends in smoking-related deaths and access to high-tech medicine, and they also demonstrate that socioeconomic inequities in mortality can shrink and need not inevitably rise...
  8. pmc Methods for the scientific study of discrimination and health: an ecosocial approach
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Public Health 102:936-44. 2012
    ....
  9. pmc The non-linear risk of mortality by income level in a healthy population: US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey mortality follow-up cohort, 1988-2001
    David H Rehkopf
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, 185 Berry Street, Lobby 5, Suite 5700, Campus Box 0560, San Francisco CA 94118, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:383. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to describe the non-linear risks of all-cause and cause-specific mortality across the income distribution...
  10. pmc Hormone replacement therapy, cancer, controversies, and women's health: historical, epidemiological, biological, clinical, and advocacy perspectives
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02130, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:740-8. 2005
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Why epidemiologists cannot afford to ignore poverty
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Epidemiology 18:658-63. 2007
    ..It is the responsibility of all epidemiologists, and not only social epidemiologists, to keep in mind the connections between poverty and health...
  12. pmc Stormy weather: race, gene expression, and the science of health disparities
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:2155-60. 2005
    ..The larger goal is to strengthen development of a more critical, reflexive, and rigorous science capable of generating evidence useful for rectifying--rather than perpetuating--social disparities in health...
  13. ncbi request reprint Race/ethnicity and changing US socioeconomic gradients in breast cancer incidence: California and Massachusetts, 1978-2002 (United States)
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, 02115, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 17:217-26. 2006
    ..We tested the hypothesis that the US socioeconomic gradient in breast cancer incidence is declining, with the decline most pronounced among racial/ethnic groups with the highest incidence rates...
  14. ncbi request reprint Social hazards on the job: workplace abuse, sexual harassment, and racial discrimination--a study of Black, Latino, and White low-income women and men workers in the United States
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Health Serv 36:51-85. 2006
    ..Together, these findings imply that the lived--and combined-experiences of class, race, and gender inequities and their attendant assaults on human dignity are highly germane to analyses of workers' health...
  15. pmc Lifetime socioeconomic position and twins' health: an analysis of 308 pairs of United States women twins
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 2:e162. 2005
    ..This comparison permitted us to ascertain the additional impact of adult experiences on adult health in a population matched on early life experiences...
  16. ncbi request reprint Experiences of discrimination: validity and reliability of a self-report measure for population health research on racism and health
    Nancy Krieger
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:1576-96. 2005
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Class matters: U.S. versus U.K. measures of occupational disparities in access to health services and health status in the 2000 U.S. National Health Interview Survey
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Health Serv 35:213-36. 2005
    ....
  18. pmc Embodiment: a conceptual glossary for epidemiology
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:350-5. 2005
    ..This glossary sketches some key concepts, definitions, and hypotheses relevant for using the construct of "embodiment" in epidemiological research, so as to promote not only rigorous science but also social equity in health...
  19. ncbi request reprint Defining and investigating social disparities in cancer: critical issues
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 16:5-14. 2005
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Cancer disparities: developing a multidisciplinary research agenda - preface
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 16:1-3. 2005
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint Commentary: ways of asking and ways of living: reflections on the 50th anniversary of Morris' ever-useful Uses of Epidemiology
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 36:1173-80. 2007
  22. pmc Proximal, distal, and the politics of causation: what's level got to do with it?
    Nancy Krieger
    Professor, Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:221-30. 2008
    ....
  23. pmc Shrinking, widening, reversing, and stagnating trends in US socioeconomic inequities in cancer mortality for the total, black, and white populations: 1960-2006
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health SHDH, Harvard School of Public Health HSPH, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 23:297-319. 2012
    ..To test recent claims that cancer inequities are bound to increase as population health improves...
  24. pmc Temporal trends in the black/white breast cancer case ratio for estrogen receptor status: disparities are historically contingent, not innate
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 22:511-4. 2011
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Occupational, social, and relationship hazards and psychological distress among low-income workers: implications of the 'inverse hazard law'
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Kresge 717, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:260-72. 2011
    ....
  26. pmc Decline in US breast cancer rates after the Women's Health Initiative: socioeconomic and racial/ethnic differentials
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:S132-9. 2010
    ....
  27. pmc Combining explicit and implicit measures of racial discrimination in health research
    Nancy Krieger
    Dept of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:1485-92. 2010
    ..To improve measurement of discrimination for health research, we sought to address the concern that explicit self-reports of racial discrimination may not capture unconscious cognition...
  28. ncbi request reprint Workers are people too: societal aspects of occupational health disparities--an ecosocial perspective
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Ind Med 53:104-15. 2010
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Ladders, pyramids and champagne: the iconography of health inequities
    N Krieger
    Department of Society Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:1098-104. 2008
    ....
  30. doi request reprint The inverse hazard law: blood pressure, sexual harassment, racial discrimination, workplace abuse and occupational exposures in US low-income black, white and Latino workers
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 67:1970-81. 2008
    ..As clarified by the "inverse hazard law," to understand health inequities, research is needed that contrasts exposures and health status population-wide, not just among those most inequitably exposed...
  31. pmc Race/ethnicity and breast cancer estrogen receptor status: impact of class, missing data, and modeling assumptions
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 19:1305-18. 2008
    ....
  32. doi request reprint Hormone therapy and the rise and perhaps fall of US breast cancer incidence rates: critical reflections
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Kresge 717, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:627-37. 2008
    ....
  33. pmc The fall and rise of US inequities in premature mortality: 1960-2002
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Med 5:e46. 2008
    ..We accordingly decided to test the hypothesis that health inequities widen-or shrink-in a context of declining mortality rates, by examining annual US mortality data over a 42 year period...
  34. pmc Painting a truer picture of US socioeconomic and racial/ethnic health inequalities: the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:312-23. 2005
    ..We describe a method to facilitate routine monitoring of socioeconomic health disparities in the United States...
  35. ncbi request reprint Genders, sexes, and health: what are the connections--and why does it matter?
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boson, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 32:652-7. 2003
    ..Because our science will only be as clear and error-free as our thinking, greater precision about whether and when gender relations, sex-linked biology, both, or neither matter for health is warranted...
  36. pmc On the wrong side of the tracts? Evaluating the accuracy of geocoding in public health research
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1114-6. 2001
    ..This study sought to determine the accuracy of geocoding for public health databases...
  37. ncbi request reprint Place, space, and health: GIS and epidemiology
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Epidemiology 14:384-5. 2003
  38. pmc Changing to the 2000 standard million: are declining racial/ethnic and socioeconomic inequalities in health real progress or statistical illusion?
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:1209-13. 2001
    ..This study determined the effects of changing from the 1940 to the 2000 standard million on monitoring socioeconomic and racial/ethnic inequalities in health...
  39. ncbi request reprint Geocoding and monitoring of US socioeconomic inequalities in mortality and cancer incidence: does the choice of area-based measure and geographic level matter?: the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 156:471-82. 2002
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Class inequalities in women's health: combined impact of childhood and adult social class--a study of 630 US women
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Public Health 115:175-85. 2001
    ..8, 95% CI=1.0-3.3) was apparent only among women who were non-working class in childhood. These results indicate that both childhood and adult class position influence class gradients in women's health in the United States...
  41. pmc Racial discrimination, psychological distress, and self-rated health among US-born and foreign-born Black Americans
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:1704-13. 2011
    ..We investigated associations among racial discrimination, psychological distress, and self-rated health among US-born and immigrant Black Americans...
  42. pmc Monitoring socioeconomic inequalities in sexually transmitted infections, tuberculosis, and violence: geocoding and choice of area-based socioeconomic measures--the public health disparities geocoding project (US)
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Public Health Rep 118:240-60. 2003
    ..To determine which area-based socioeconomic measures, at which level of geography, are suitable for monitoring socioeconomic inequalities in sexually transmitted infections (STIs), tuberculosis (TB), and violence in the United States...
  43. pmc Is breast cancer a disease of affluence, poverty, or both? The case of African American women
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:611-3. 2002
  44. pmc Choosing area based socioeconomic measures to monitor social inequalities in low birth weight and childhood lead poisoning: The Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project (US)
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:186-99. 2003
    ..To determine which area based socioeconomic measures can meaningfully be used, at which level of geography, to monitor socioeconomic inequalities in childhood health in the US...
  45. pmc Does racism harm health? Did child abuse exist before 1962? On explicit questions, critical science, and current controversies: an ecosocial perspective
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior and the Harvard Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:194-9. 2003
    ....
  46. pmc Assessing health impact assessment: multidisciplinary and international perspectives
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:659-62. 2003
    ..Critical debate over the promise, process, and pitfalls of HIA needs to be informed by multiple disciplines and perspectives from diverse people and regions of the world...
  47. pmc Racial discrimination and skin color in the CARDIA study: implications for public health research. Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 88:1308-13. 1998
    ..This study assessed whether skin color and ways of handling anger can serve as markers for experiences of racial discrimination and responses to unfair treatment in public health research...
  48. pmc Race/ethnicity, gender, and monitoring socioeconomic gradients in health: a comparison of area-based socioeconomic measures--the public health disparities geocoding project
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1655-71. 2003
    ..g., percentage below poverty) were most sensitive to expected socioeconomic gradients in health, with the most consistent results and maximal geocoding linkage evident for tract-level analyses...
  49. ncbi request reprint Measuring social class in US public health research: concepts, methodologies, and guidelines
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 18:341-78. 1997
    ..Suggestions for research on socioeconomic measures are provided, to aid monitoring steps toward social equity in health...
  50. ncbi request reprint "Bodies count," and body counts: social epidemiology and embodying inequality
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 26:92-103. 2004
  51. pmc Can we monitor socioeconomic inequalities in health? A survey of U.S. health departments' data collection and reporting practices
    N Krieger
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Public Health Rep 112:481-91. 1997
    ..S. vital statistics and disease registry data, the authors surveyed current data collection and reporting practices for specific socioeconomic variables...
  52. ncbi request reprint Social class, race/ethnicity, and incidence of breast, cervix, colon, lung, and prostate cancer among Asian, Black, Hispanic, and White residents of the San Francisco Bay Area, 1988-92 (United States)
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 10:525-37. 1999
    ....
  53. pmc Exposing racial discrimination: implicit & explicit measures--the My Body, My Story study of 1005 US-born black & white community health center members
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e27636. 2011
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Comparing individual- and area-based socioeconomic measures for the surveillance of health disparities: A multilevel analysis of Massachusetts births, 1989-1991
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:823-34. 2006
    ..The risk, if any, in the absence of individual-level socioeconomic information is a conservative estimate of socioeconomic inequalities in health...
  55. ncbi request reprint Adult onset of major depressive disorder in relation to early life violent victimisation: a case-control study
    L A Wise
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Epidemiology Center, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Lancet 358:881-7. 2001
    ..Women are twice as likely as men to be diagnosed with major depressive disorder, yet no known risk factors can account for this sex difference. We aimed to assess violent victimisation as a risk factor for depression in women...
  56. pmc Economic deprivation and AIDS incidence in Massachusetts
    S Zierler
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1064-73. 2000
    ..This study quantified AIDS incidence in Massachusetts in relation to economic deprivation...
  57. ncbi request reprint A glossary for social epidemiology
    Nancy Krieger
    Harvard University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Epidemiol Bull 23:7-11. 2002
  58. ncbi request reprint Maternal experiences of racism and violence as predictors of preterm birth: rationale and study design
    J Rich-Edwards
    Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, 133 Brookline Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 15:124-35. 2001
    ..We have begun to examine these questions among women enrolled in Project Viva, a Boston-based longitudinal study of 6000 pregnant women and their children...
  59. pmc Lifetime socioeconomic position in relation to onset of perimenopause
    L A Wise
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Epidemiology Center, Brigham and Women s Hospital Harvard Medical School, Boston, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:851-60. 2002
    ..To assess the association between lifetime socioeconomic position and onset of perimenopause...
  60. ncbi request reprint Measuring social inequalities in health in the United States: a historical review, 1900-1950
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Health Serv 26:391-418. 1996
    ..Efforts like these were cut short by the onset of World War II and their legacy erased by the Cold War. Recovering this rich history can help inform current debates about collecting and evaluating data on social inequalities in health...
  61. ncbi request reprint Frameworks matter: ecosocial and health and human rights perspectives on disparities in women's health--the case of tuberculosis
    N Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, USA
    J Am Med Womens Assoc 56:137-42. 2001
    ..By taking on the challenge of articulating and applying our frameworks, separately and in relation to each other, we hope to deepen understanding and generate new ideas that can make a difference for the health of girls and women...
  62. ncbi request reprint Implications of discrimination based on sexuality, gender, and race/ethnicity for psychological distress among working-class sexual minorities: the United for Health Study, 2003-2004
    David H Chae
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, USA
    Int J Health Serv 40:589-608. 2010
    ..Findings also highlight the importance of addressing discrimination in ameliorating problematic mental health outcomes among working-class sexual minorities...
  63. doi request reprint Alcohol disorders among Asian Americans: associations with unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, and ethnic identification (the national Latino and Asian Americans study, 2002-2003)
    D H Chae
    University of California, San Francisco, Center for Health and Community, San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:973-9. 2008
    ..To examine history of alcohol abuse/dependence disorder in relation to unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, and ethnic identification among Asian Americans...
  64. pmc Racial disparities in context: a multilevel analysis of neighborhood variations in poverty and excess mortality among black populations in Massachusetts
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, KRESGE 7th Floor, Boston MA 02115 6096, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:260-5. 2005
    ..We analyzed neighborhood heterogeneity in associations among mortality, race/ethnicity, and area poverty...
  65. pmc MassBuilt: effectiveness of an apprenticeship site-based smoking cessation intervention for unionized building trades workers
    Cassandra A Okechukwu
    Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, University of California San Francisco and Berkeley, 3333 California St, Suite 465, San Francisco, CA 94709 0844, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 20:887-94. 2009
    ..Blue-collar workers are difficult to reach and less likely to successfully quit smoking. The objective of this study was to test a training site-based smoking cessation intervention...
  66. pmc Revisiting Robinson: the perils of individualistic and ecologic fallacy
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 38:342-60; author reply 370-3. 2009
    ..This study reanalyzes and historically situates Robinson's influential study that laid the foundation for the primacy of analyzing data at only the individual level...
  67. pmc The association of workplace hazards and smoking in a U.S. multiethnic working-class population
    Cassandra A Okechukwu
    Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars Program, University of California San Francisco and Berkeley, San Francisco, CA 94709 0844, USA
    Public Health Rep 125:225-33. 2010
    ..g., dust, chemicals, noise, and ergonomic strain) and social (e.g., abuse, sexual harassment, and racial discrimination) workplace hazards in a sample of U.S. multiethnic working-class adults...
  68. pmc Zip code caveat: bias due to spatiotemporal mismatches between zip codes and US census-defined geographic areas--the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1100-2. 2002
  69. doi request reprint The influence of sociodemographic characteristics on agreement between self-reports and expert exposure assessments
    Grace Sembajwe
    Department of Work Environment, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Massachusetts, USA
    Am J Ind Med 53:1019-31. 2010
    ....
  70. pmc Different slopes for different folks: socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in asthma and hay fever among 173,859 U.S. men and women
    Jarvis T Chen
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02122, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:211-6. 2002
    ....
  71. pmc Monitoring socioeconomic disparities in death: comparing individual-level education and area-based socioeconomic measures
    David H Rehkopf
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:2135-8. 2006
    ..2 vs 0.8 for census tract measures and individual education, respectively)...
  72. pmc Methodologic implications of social inequalities for analyzing health disparities in large spatiotemporal data sets: an example using breast cancer incidence data (Northern and Southern California, 1988--2002)
    Jarvis T Chen
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Stat Med 27:3957-83. 2008
    ..Our approach provides a straightforward means of fitting spatiotemporal models in large data sets, while highlighting differences in spatial patterning across racial/ethnic population and across time...
  73. pmc Unfair treatment, racial/ethnic discrimination, ethnic identification, and smoking among Asian Americans in the National Latino and Asian American Study
    David H Chae
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:485-92. 2008
    ..We investigated whether ethnic identification moderated either association...
  74. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer, birth cohorts, and Epstein-Barr virus: methodological issues in exploring the "hygiene hypothesis" in relation to breast cancer, Hodgkin's disease, and stomach cancer
    Nancy Krieger
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 12:405-11. 2003
    ..One methodological implication is that tests of the hygiene hypothesis must take into account birth cohort effects and age at incidence of the outcomes under study; age-standardized cross-sectional analyses may be misleading...
  75. pmc Working class matters: socioeconomic disadvantage, race/ethnicity, gender, and smoking in NHIS 2000
    Elizabeth M Barbeau
    Center for Community Based Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and the Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:269-78. 2004
    ..We sought to describe the burden of smoking on the US population, using diverse socioeconomic measures...
  76. pmc Mapping and measuring social disparities in premature mortality: the impact of census tract poverty within and across Boston neighborhoods, 1999-2001
    Jarvis T Chen
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Urban Health 83:1063-84. 2006
    ..We recommend that these methods be incorporated into routine analyses of public health surveillance data to highlight continuing social disparities in premature mortality...
  77. pmc Immigration and generational trends in body mass index and obesity in the United States: results of the National Latino and Asian American Survey, 2002-2003
    Lisa M Bates
    School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:70-7. 2008
    ..We examined patterns of body mass index (BMI) and obesity among a nationally representative sample of first-, second-, and third-generation Latinos and Asian Americans to reveal associations with nativity or country of origin...
  78. ncbi request reprint Methods for recruiting white, black, and hispanic working-class women and men to a study of physical and social hazards at work: the United for Health study
    Elizabeth M Barbeau
    Center for Community Based Research, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Health Serv 37:127-44. 2007
    ....
  79. doi request reprint Epi + demos + cracy: linking political systems and priorities to the magnitude of health inequities--evidence, gaps, and a research agenda
    Jason Beckfield
    Department of Sociology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 31:152-77. 2009
    ..g., life course, historical generation), choice of health outcomes, inclusion of polities, and specification of political mechanisms-to address the enormous gaps in knowledge that were identified...
  80. doi request reprint Mapping injustice, visualizing equity: why theory, metaphors and images matter in tackling inequalities
    N Krieger
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Public Health 126:256-8. 2012
    ..We showcased some examples of such engagement before inviting the audience to consider how this might apply in their own areas of responsibility...
  81. doi request reprint Biologic risk markers for coronary heart disease: nonlinear associations with income
    David H Rehkopf
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Epidemiology 21:38-46. 2010
    ..Stronger associations at certain levels of income would have implications for underlying mechanisms...
  82. ncbi request reprint Occupational class, occupational mobility and cancer incidence among middle-aged men and women: a prospective study of the French GAZEL cohort*
    Maria Melchior
    INSERM U88 IFR69, 14 rue du Val d Osne, 94415, Saint Maurice, France
    Cancer Causes Control 16:515-24. 2005
    ..To examine the association between occupational class, occupational mobility and cancer incidence in the 1990s...
  83. pmc Characterizing perceived police violence: implications for public health
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical Helath and Research Association of New York, Inc, National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, New York, NY 10010, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1109-18. 2004
    ..We recommend that public health research address the prevalence, nature, and public health implications of police violence...
  84. pmc Data, "race," and politics: a commentary on the epidemiological significance of California's Proposition 54
    Nancy Krieger
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:632-3. 2004
  85. pmc Longitudinal study of the inception of perimenopause in relation to lifetime history of sexual or physical violence
    Jenifer E Allsworth
    Department of Community Health, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:938-43. 2004
    ..To investigate of the extent to which violence over the life course accelerates the onset of perimenopause, as measured by menstrual changes...
  86. doi request reprint Tackling health inequities
    George Davey Smith
    BMJ 337:a1526. 2008
  87. pmc Methods and baseline characteristics of two group-randomized trials with multiracial and multiethnic working-class samples
    Anne M Stoddard
    New England Research Institutes, 9 Galen St, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 2:A10. 2005
    ..This paper reports the results of the sample selection and survey methods for two group-randomized intervention studies...
  88. pmc Work factors and occupational class disparities in sickness absence: findings from the GAZEL cohort study
    Maria Melchior
    National Institute of Health and Medical Research, Saint Maurice, France
    Am J Public Health 95:1206-12. 2005
    ..To estimate the contribution of stress-related and physical work factors to occupational class disparities in sickness absence from work...
  89. pmc A century of census tracts: health & the body politic (1906-2006)
    Nancy Krieger
    J Urban Health 83:355-61. 2006
    ....
  90. ncbi request reprint Social disparities in the burden of occupational exposures: results of a cross-sectional study
    Margaret M Quinn
    Department of Work Environment, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854, USA
    Am J Ind Med 50:861-75. 2007
    ....
  91. pmc Self-reported experiences of racial discrimination and Black-White differences in preterm and low-birthweight deliveries: the CARDIA Study
    Sarah Mustillo
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Box 3454, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:2125-31. 2004
    ..We examined the effects of self-reported experiences of racial discrimination on Black-White differences in preterm (less than 37 weeks gestation) and low-birthweight (less than 2500 g) deliveries...
  92. pmc Latin American social medicine: the quest for social justice and public health
    Nancy Krieger
    Am J Public Health 93:1989-91. 2003
  93. ncbi request reprint Postmenopausal hormone therapy
    Nancy Krieger
    N Engl J Med 348:2363-4; author reply 2363-4. 2003
  94. ncbi request reprint The impact of a police drug crackdown on drug injectors' ability to practice harm reduction: a qualitative study
    Hannah Cooper
    Medical Health and Research Institution National Development and Research Institutes, Inc, 71 West 23rd Street, 8th Floor, New York 10010, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:673-84. 2005
    ..Possible strategies include improving access to treatment and establishing safe injection spaces...
  95. pmc Donation after cardiac death: the University of Wisconsin experience with liver transplantation
    David P Foley
    Department of Surgery, Division of Transplantation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
    Ann Surg 242:724-31. 2005
    ..To determine whether the outcomes of liver transplantation (LTx) from donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors are equivalent to those from donation after brain death (DBD) donors...

Research Grants17

  1. Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic Disease
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....
  2. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ....
  3. Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic Disease
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  4. Breast Cancer After The Women?s Health Initiative Study: Declining Incidence?
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The knowledge gained will lead to new insights about the causes of breast cancer and ways its incidence can be reduced. ..
  5. Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic Disease
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  6. Race & Breast Cancer Estrogen Receptor Status: Impact of Class and Missing Data
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  7. Geocoding, Census Data & Social Disparities in Health
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....
  8. Socioeconomic Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Results of this investigation will provide new insights into social determinants of and secular changes in breast cancer incidence, with implications for breast cancer surveillance, screening and control. ..
  9. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ....
  10. Socioeconomic Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Results of this investigation will provide new insights into social determinants of and secular changes in breast cancer incidence, with implications for breast cancer surveillance, screening and control. ..
  11. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  12. Socioeconomic Trends in Breast Cancer Incidence
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Results of this investigation will provide new insights into social determinants of and secular changes in breast cancer incidence, with implications for breast cancer surveillance, screening and control. ..
  13. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....
  14. AREA-BASED SOCIOECONOMIC MEASURES FOR HEALTH DATA
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ....
  15. Racial Discrimination and Risk of Chronic Disease
    Nancy Krieger; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....