S M Kosslyn

Summary

Affiliation: Harvard University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Reflective thinking and mental imagery: a perspective on the development of posttraumatic stress disorder
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    Harvard University, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 17:851-63. 2005
  2. ncbi request reprint Two types of image generation: evidence from PET
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 832 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:41-53. 2005
  3. pmc If neuroimaging is the answer, what is the question?
    S M Kosslyn
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 354:1283-94. 1999
  4. ncbi request reprint When is early visual cortex activated during visual mental imagery?
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Psychol Bull 129:723-46. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Bridging psychology and biology. The analysis of individuals in groups
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 830 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Am Psychol 57:341-51. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Hypnotic visual illusion alters color processing in the brain
    S M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 157:1279-84. 2000
  7. ncbi request reprint Squinting with the mind's eye: effects of stimulus resolution on imaginal and perceptual comparisons
    S M Kosslyn
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Mem Cognit 27:276-87. 1999
  8. ncbi request reprint Mental rotation of objects versus hands: neural mechanisms revealed by positron emission tomography
    S M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychophysiology 35:151-61. 1998
  9. ncbi request reprint The role of area 17 in visual imagery: convergent evidence from PET and rTMS
    S M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 284:167-70. 1999
  10. ncbi request reprint Visual mental imagery induces retinotopically organized activation of early visual areas
    Scott D Slotnick
    Department of Psychology, Boston College, McGuinn Hall, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
    Cereb Cortex 15:1570-83. 2005

Research Grants

  1. Graduate Training in Psychology and Neuroimaging
    Stephen Kosslyn; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. ncbi request reprint Reflective thinking and mental imagery: a perspective on the development of posttraumatic stress disorder
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    Harvard University, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 17:851-63. 2005
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Two types of image generation: evidence from PET
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 832 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:41-53. 2005
    ..This overall similarity is counter to what would be expected if image generation is simply perceptual exploration in the absence of appropriate stimuli, as is posited by perceptual activity theory...
  3. pmc If neuroimaging is the answer, what is the question?
    S M Kosslyn
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 354:1283-94. 1999
    ..Finally, the necessary interplay between neuroimaging and behavioural studies is stressed...
  4. ncbi request reprint When is early visual cortex activated during visual mental imagery?
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Psychol Bull 129:723-46. 2003
    ..Two of these variables were identified with a perceptual anticipation theory, and the other was identified with a methodological factors theory. Thus, the variability in the literature is not random...
  5. ncbi request reprint Bridging psychology and biology. The analysis of individuals in groups
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 830 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Am Psychol 57:341-51. 2002
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Hypnotic visual illusion alters color processing in the brain
    S M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 157:1279-84. 2000
    ..This study was designed to determine whether hypnosis can modulate color perception. Such evidence would provide insight into the nature of hypnosis and its underlying mechanisms...
  7. ncbi request reprint Squinting with the mind's eye: effects of stimulus resolution on imaginal and perceptual comparisons
    S M Kosslyn
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Mem Cognit 27:276-87. 1999
    ..This finding demonstrates that, although imagery and perception may activate common brain regions, it is more difficult to represent high-resolution information in imagery than in perception...
  8. ncbi request reprint Mental rotation of objects versus hands: neural mechanisms revealed by positron emission tomography
    S M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Psychophysiology 35:151-61. 1998
    ..The results suggest that at least two different mechanisms can be used in mental rotation, one mechanism that recruits processes that prepare motor movements and another mechanism that does not...
  9. ncbi request reprint The role of area 17 in visual imagery: convergent evidence from PET and rTMS
    S M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Science 284:167-70. 1999
    ..In sum, the PET results showed that when patterns of stripes are visualized, Area 17 is activated, and the rTMS results showed that such activation underlies information processing...
  10. ncbi request reprint Visual mental imagery induces retinotopically organized activation of early visual areas
    Scott D Slotnick
    Department of Psychology, Boston College, McGuinn Hall, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA
    Cereb Cortex 15:1570-83. 2005
    ..Moreover, blocked analysis revealed similar perception and imagery effects in human motion processing region MT+. These results support the depictive view of visual mental imagery...
  11. ncbi request reprint Transcranial magnetic stimulation of primary motor cortex affects mental rotation
    G Ganis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University and Laboratory for Magnetic Brain Stimulation, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Cereb Cortex 10:175-80. 2000
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Mental imagery of high- and low-resolution gratings activates area 17
    W L Thompson
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Neuroimage 14:454-64. 2001
    ..These results indicate that the resolution of the stimuli alone does not necessarily determine whether Area 17 will be activated during visual mental imagery...
  13. ncbi request reprint Imagined rotations of self versus objects: an fMRI study
    Maryjane Wraga
    Department of Psychology, Smith College, Science Center, Bass Hall 304, Northampton, MA 01063, USA
    Neuropsychologia 43:1351-61. 2005
    ..In both transformations, activation also occurred in other regions. These findings provide evidence for multiple spatial-transformation mechanisms within the human cognitive system...
  14. ncbi request reprint Imagining rotation by endogenous versus exogenous forces: distinct neural mechanisms
    S M Kosslyn
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuroreport 12:2519-25. 2001
    ..Thus, there are at least two, qualitatively distinct, ways to imagine objects rotating in images, and these different strategies can be adopted voluntarily...
  15. doi request reprint Two forms of spatial imagery: neuroimaging evidence
    William L Thompson
    Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, UK
    Psychol Sci 20:1245-53. 2009
    ..These differences in activation provide evidence that there are at least two different types of spatial imagery...
  16. ncbi request reprint Can patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder discriminate between percepts and mental images? A signal detection analysis
    H D Brown
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138
    J Abnorm Psychol 103:445-54. 1994
    ..Groups did not differ in response criterion, beta, used to decide whether words had been seen or imaged. Implications for the study of OCD from an information-processing perspective are discussed...
  17. ncbi request reprint Aging and the scope of visual attention
    S M Kosslyn
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass
    Gerontology 45:102-9. 1999
    ..To discover whether some cognitive deficits associated with aging could be related to a restricted scope of visual attention...
  18. ncbi request reprint MiniCog: a method for administering psychological tests and experiments on a handheld personal digital assistant
    J M Shephard
    Psychology Department, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Behav Res Methods 38:648-55. 2006
    ..MiniCog performs automatic calculations of mean response time and error rate, available to users with a password and stored with the other data for upload...
  19. ncbi request reprint The minicog rapid assessment battery: developing a "blood pressure cuff for the mind"
    Jennifer M Shephard
    Harvard University Psychology Department, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:B192-7. 2005
    ..We hope that this tool will allow quick and easy self-diagnosis of cognitive impairment, encouraging better mental health and facilitating safer on-the-job (and recreational) performance...
  20. ncbi request reprint Understanding the effects of task-specific practice in the brain: insights from individual-differences analyses
    Giorgio Ganis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland St, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:235-45. 2005
    ..In short, individual-differences analyses provided insights into the relation between changes in brain activation and changes in accompanying performance, and these insights were not provided by standard group-based analyses...
  21. ncbi request reprint You can play 20 questions with nature and win: categorical versus coordinate spatial relations as a case study
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    832 William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuropsychologia 44:1519-23. 2006
    ....
  22. pmc Neuroimaging evidence for object model verification theory: Role of prefrontal control in visual object categorization
    Giorgio Ganis
    Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Neuroimage 34:384-98. 2007
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Using neuroimaging to resolve the psi debate
    Samuel T Moulton
    Harvard University, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:182-92. 2008
    ..These findings are the strongest evidence yet obtained against the existence of paranormal mental phenomena...
  24. ncbi request reprint Visual mental imagery and visual perception: structural equivalence revealed by scanning processes
    Gregoire Borst
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Mem Cognit 36:849-62. 2008
    ..The results provide evidence that mental images and perceived stimuli are represented similarly and can be processed in the same way...
  25. doi request reprint Using brain-based measures to compose teams: how individual capabilities and team collaboration strategies jointly shape performance
    Anita Williams Woolley
    Department of Pscyhology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Soc Neurosci 2:96-105. 2007
    ..The findings show that knowledge about brain systems can not only be used to compose teams, but also provides insights into how teams can best perform...
  26. doi request reprint Types of deception revealed by individual differences in cognitive abilities
    Charity J Morgan
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Soc Neurosci 4:554-69. 2009
    ..Each type of lie was predicted by a distinct set of MRAB scores. These results provide further evidence that deception is a multifaceted process and that different kinds of lies arise from the operation of different cognitive processes...
  27. doi request reprint Neural processes underlying self- and other-related lies: an individual difference approach using fMRI
    Giorgio Ganis
    Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Soc Neurosci 4:539-53. 2009
    ..The results confirmed both hypotheses and supported the utility of this individual differences approach in the study of deception in particular, as well in the study of complex cognitive phenomena more generally...
  28. doi request reprint Individual differences in spatial mental imagery
    Gregoire Borst
    Harvard University, Department of Psychology, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 63:2031-50. 2010
    ..Thus, we provide evidence that classical standardized spatial tests rely on spatial mental imagery but not object mental imagery...
  29. doi request reprint Fear selectively modulates visual mental imagery and visual perception
    Gregoire Borst
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 63:833-9. 2010
    ..This study demonstrates that emotions have similar effects on low-level processing of visual percepts and of internal representations created on the basis of information stored in long-term memory...
  30. doi request reprint Varying the scope of attention alters the encoding of categorical and coordinate spatial relations
    Gregoire Borst
    Harvard University, Department of Psychology, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuropsychologia 48:2769-72. 2010
    ..Although we did not test the hemispheric lateralization of these effects, these findings have direct implications for theories of why the cerebral hemispheres differ in their relative ease of encoding the two kinds of spatial relations...
  31. pmc Imagining predictions: mental imagery as mental emulation
    Samuel T Moulton
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1273-80. 2009
    ..This type of simulation, which we label emulation, has benefits over other types of simulations that merely mimic the content of the simulated scenario...
  32. pmc Visual mental imagery during caloric vestibular stimulation
    Fred W Mast
    Harvard University, Department of Psychology, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Neuropsychologia 44:101-9. 2006
    ..In contrast, such stimulation did not affect performance of a low-imagery control task. These data document previously unsuspected interactions between the vestibular system and the high-level visual system...
  33. ncbi request reprint Visual mental images can be ambiguous: insights from individual differences in spatial transformation abilities
    Fred W Mast
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cognition 86:57-70. 2002
    ..The ability to rotate images, assessed with an independent task, was highly associated with reports of image reversals, whereas measures of other imagery abilities were not...
  34. ncbi request reprint Four types of visual mental imagery processing in upright and tilted observers
    Fred W Mast
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, William James Hall, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 17:238-47. 2003
    ..Performance in the image composition and detection tasks depended on body position, whereas there was no such effect for the transformation and resolution tasks...
  35. ncbi request reprint Visual imagery in cerebral visual dysfunction
    Giorgio Ganis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neurol Clin 21:631-46. 2003
    ..The brain is an enormously intricate organ, and even within a circumscribed domain such as imagery it seems to process information in complex and subtle ways...
  36. ncbi request reprint The relationship of male testosterone to components of mental rotation
    Carole K Hooven
    Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:782-90. 2004
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Brain areas underlying visual mental imagery and visual perception: an fMRI study
    Giorgio Ganis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 20:226-41. 2004
    ..This finding may indicate that cognitive control processes function comparably in both imagery and perception, whereas at least some sensory processes may be engaged differently by visual imagery and perception...
  38. ncbi request reprint The judgement of absence in neglect
    D Mijovic-Prelec
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Neuropsychologia 36:797-802. 1998
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Deficits in visual cognition and attention following bilateral anterior cingulotomy
    K N Ochsner
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 33 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Neuropsychologia 39:219-30. 2001
    ..One of the anterior cingulate's roles may be to monitor on-line processing and signal the motivational significance of current actions or cognitions...
  40. ncbi request reprint Implicit transfer of motor strategies in mental rotation
    Maryjane Wraga
    Department of Psychology, Smith College, Northampton, MA 01063, USA
    Brain Cogn 52:135-43. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that motor strategies can be covertly transferred to imaginal transformations of nonbody objects...
  41. ncbi request reprint Perceptual and memory biases for health-related information in hypochondriacal individuals
    H D Brown
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    J Psychosom Res 47:67-78. 1999
    ..Social class may account for some of the group differences in this sample. Hypochondriacal individuals in both samples showed better memory for health-related than nonhealth words...
  42. ncbi request reprint Inspecting visual mental images: can people "see" implicit properties as easily in imagery and perception?
    William L Thompson
    Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Mem Cognit 36:1024-32. 2008
    ..These findings provide support for the view that images can be reinterpreted in ways much like what occurs during perception and speak to the wider issue of the long-standing debate about the format of mental images...
  43. ncbi request reprint Placebo-induced changes in FMRI in the anticipation and experience of pain
    Tor D Wager
    Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, 525 East University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1109, USA
    Science 303:1162-7. 2004
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Mental imagery of visual motion modifies the perception of roll-vection stimulation
    F W Mast
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Perception 30:945-57. 2001
    ..Visualizing dots and actually viewing the dots deflected the spatial judgment in very similar ways. These results demonstrate that top down processing can affect allocentric space coordinates...
  45. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of different types of deception: an fMRI investigation
    G Ganis
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cereb Cortex 13:830-6. 2003
    ..At least in part, distinct neural networks support different types of deception...
  46. ncbi request reprint Retinotopic organization of visual mental images as revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging
    Isabelle Klein
    Anatomical and Functional Neuroimaging Laboratory, SHFJ DRM DSV CEA, 4, place du General Leclerc, 91401 Orsay, France
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 22:26-31. 2004
    ..These findings strongly support that visual imagery and perception share low-level anatomical substrate and functional processes. Binding of spatial features is suggested as one possible mechanism...
  47. ncbi request reprint Different cognitive processes in two image-scanning paradigms
    Gregoire Borst
    LIMSI CNRS, Universite de Paris Sud, Orsay, France
    Mem Cognit 34:475-90. 2006
    ..Both processes, transforming the image and shifting an attention window, produce linear increases in time with increases in distance, but for different reasons...
  48. ncbi request reprint Understanding the mind's eye...and nose
    Stephen M Kosslyn
    Nat Neurosci 6:1124-5. 2003
  49. ncbi request reprint Altering expectancy dampens neural response to aversive taste in primary taste cortex
    Jack B Nitschke
    Waisman Laboratory for Brain Imaging and Behavior, Waisman Center, Departments of Psychiatry and Psychology, University of Wisconsin, 1500 Highland Avenue, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 2274, USA
    Nat Neurosci 9:435-42. 2006
    ..In addition, the activation of the right insula and operculum tracked online ratings of the aversiveness for each taste. Such expectancy-driven modulation of primary sensory cortex may affect perceptions of external events...
  50. ncbi request reprint Does mental simulation of following a path improve navigation performance without vision?
    Stéphane Vieilledent
    Laboratoire Mouvement Action et Performance Insep, 11 Avenue du Tremblay, 75012 Paris, France
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 16:238-49. 2003
    ..Mental simulation appears to affect both a map-like and route-like representation of the environment...
  51. ncbi request reprint Do separate processes identify objects as exemplars versus members of basic-level categories? Evidence from hemispheric specialization
    Bruno Laeng
    Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway
    Brain Cogn 53:15-27. 2003
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Visual cortex excitability increases during visual mental imagery--a TMS study in healthy human subjects
    Roland Sparing
    Laboratory for Magnetic Brain Stimulation, Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02214, USA
    Brain Res 938:92-7. 2002
    ..These findings demonstrate for the first time a short-term, task-dependent modulation of PT. These results constitute evidence that early visual areas participate in visual imagery processing...

Research Grants1

  1. Graduate Training in Psychology and Neuroimaging
    Stephen Kosslyn; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Throughout their training, students will be co-advised by one Harvard Psychology and one Martinos Center faculty. ..