I Kawachi

Summary

Affiliation: Harvard University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Does workplace social capital buffer the effects of job stress? A cross-sectional, multilevel analysis of cigarette smoking among U.S. manufacturing workers
    Amy L Sapp
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 52:740-50. 2010
  2. pmc Demand for emergency health service: factors associated with inappropriate use
    Maria L V Carret
    Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:131. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Health disparities by race and class: why both matter
    Ichiro Kawachi
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 24:343-52. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint Social capital and community effects on population and individual health
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:120-30. 1999
  5. pmc Workplace exposure to passive smoking and risk of cardiovascular disease: summary of epidemiologic studies
    I Kawachi
    Channing Laboratory, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 107:847-51. 1999
  6. pmc Social capital and self-rated health: a contextual analysis
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:1187-93. 1999
  7. pmc A glossary for health inequalities
    I Kawachi
    Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:647-52. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Crime: social disorganization and relative deprivation
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 48:719-31. 1999
  9. pmc Social ties and mental health
    I Kawachi
    The Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard Center for Society and Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Urban Health 78:458-67. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Women's status and the health of women and men: a view from the States
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 48:21-32. 1999

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications136 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc Does workplace social capital buffer the effects of job stress? A cross-sectional, multilevel analysis of cigarette smoking among U.S. manufacturing workers
    Amy L Sapp
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    J Occup Environ Med 52:740-50. 2010
    ..To investigate whether workplace social capital buffers the association between job stress and smoking status...
  2. pmc Demand for emergency health service: factors associated with inappropriate use
    Maria L V Carret
    Department of Public Health, Catholic University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
    BMC Health Serv Res 7:131. 2007
    ..Inappropriate ER use makes it difficult to guarantee access for real emergency cases, decreases readiness for care, produces negative spillover effects on the quality of emergency services, and raises overall costs...
  3. ncbi request reprint Health disparities by race and class: why both matter
    Ichiro Kawachi
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 24:343-52. 2005
    ..We point to historical, political, and ideological obstacles that have hindered the analysis of race and class as codeterminants of disparities in health...
  4. ncbi request reprint Social capital and community effects on population and individual health
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:120-30. 1999
    ..Strengthening the social capital within communities may provide an important avenue for reducing socioeconomic disparities in health...
  5. pmc Workplace exposure to passive smoking and risk of cardiovascular disease: summary of epidemiologic studies
    I Kawachi
    Channing Laboratory, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 107:847-51. 1999
    ..Conversely, there is no biologically plausible reason to believe that the hazards of ETS exposure that have been demonstrated in the home should not also apply to the workplace...
  6. pmc Social capital and self-rated health: a contextual analysis
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:1187-93. 1999
    ..This article reports a contextual analysis of social capital and individual self-rated health, with adjustment for individual household income, health behaviors, and other covariates...
  7. pmc A glossary for health inequalities
    I Kawachi
    Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:647-52. 2002
    ..reflect health inequalities between social groups or, more significantly, do they suggest a contextual effect of place?; (7) What is the contribution of the lifecourse to health inequalities?; (8) What kinds of inequality should we study?..
  8. ncbi request reprint Crime: social disorganization and relative deprivation
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 48:719-31. 1999
    ..Areas with high crime rates tend also to exhibit higher mortality rates from all causes, suggesting that crime and population health share the same social origins. Crime is thus a mirror of the quality of the social environment...
  9. pmc Social ties and mental health
    I Kawachi
    The Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard Center for Society and Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Urban Health 78:458-67. 2001
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Women's status and the health of women and men: a view from the States
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 48:21-32. 1999
    ..Gender inequality and truncated opportunities for women may be one of the pathways by which the maldistribution of income adversely affects the health of women...
  11. ncbi request reprint Commentary: social capital and health: making the connections one step at a time
    Ichiro Kawachi
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 35:989-93. 2006
  12. ncbi request reprint Commentary: Reconciling the three accounts of social capital
    Ichiro Kawachi
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 33:682-90; discussion 700-4. 2004
  13. pmc Five American authors on wealth, poverty, and inequality
    Ichiro Kawachi
    Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:738-42. 2004
    ..A student of social epidemiology will profit as much from close reading of these classics as from consulting textbooks on social stratification...
  14. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of a self-report type A scale and risk of coronary heart disease: test of the MMPI-2 type A scale
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Circulation 98:405-12. 1998
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first test of this scale in the context of predicting CHD incidence...
  15. ncbi request reprint (Dis)respect and black mortality
    B P Kennedy
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ethn Dis 7:207-14. 1997
    ..The present study examined the association of racial prejudice--measured at a collective level--to black and white mortality across the United States...
  16. ncbi request reprint Is worrying bad for your heart? A prospective study of worry and coronary heart disease in the Normative Aging Study
    L D Kubzansky
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    Circulation 95:818-24. 1997
    ..Chronic worry has also been associated with decreased heart rate variability. We hypothesized that high levels of worry may increase CHD risk...
  17. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and benign prostatic hyperplasia
    E A Platz
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 158:2349-56. 1998
    ..Therefore, we assessed whether physical activity leads to fewer lower urinary tract symptoms in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study...
  18. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of passive smoking and coronary heart disease
    I Kawachi
    Channing Laboratory, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 95:2374-9. 1997
    ..Additionally, several studies have been unable to control for the full range of potential confounding factors. We examined prospectively the relationship of passive smoking with risk of CHD in a cohort of women...
  19. ncbi request reprint Social capital and neighborhood mortality rates in Chicago
    Kimberly A Lochner
    Department of Health, Harvard Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 56:1797-805. 2003
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Phobic anxiety and risk of coronary heart disease and sudden cardiac death among women
    Christine M Albert
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, 900 Commonwealth Ave East, Boston, MA 02215 1204, USA
    Circulation 111:480-7. 2005
    ..To the best of our knowledge, no studies have looked at this association among women. Anxiety may influence CHD mortality by increasing the risk of ventricular arrhythmia and SCD...
  21. doi request reprint Is blood thicker than water? Social support, depression and the modifying role of ethnicity/nativity status
    J Almeida
    Institute on Urban Health Research, Bouve College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 5000, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:51-6. 2011
    ..In addition, such studies rarely specify the source of support and how support from family versus friends may differentially impact mental health...
  22. pmc Socioeconomic inequality in voting participation and self-rated health
    T A Blakely
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, and Harvard Center for Society and Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:99-104. 2001
    ..This study tested the hypothesis that disparities in political participation across socioeconomic status affect health. Specifically, the association of voting inequality at the state level with individual self-rated health was examined...
  23. ncbi request reprint Living arrangements, social integration, and change in functional health status
    Y L Michael
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:123-31. 2001
    ..In fact, these women actually fare better on measures of psychologic function than do women living with a spouse...
  24. ncbi request reprint Depressive symptoms and risk of type 2 diabetes in women
    Cassandra Arroyo
    Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Diabetes Care 27:129-33. 2004
    ..To explore the relationship between depressive symptoms and incidence of type 2 diabetes in women...
  25. pmc Effects of marital transitions on changes in dietary and other health behaviours in US male health professionals
    Patricia Mona Eng
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, MA, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:56-62. 2005
    ..To examine the effect of change in marital status on health behaviours among men...
  26. ncbi request reprint Test of item-response bias in the CES-D scale. experience from the New Haven EPESE study
    S R Cole
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 53:285-9. 2000
    ..60, 2.82) times that of men matched on overall depressive symptoms. Our data indicate the CES-D would have greater validity among this diverse group of older men and women after removal of the crying item and two interpersonal items...
  27. pmc Income distribution, socioeconomic status, and self rated health in the United States: multilevel analysis
    B P Kennedy
    Division of Public Health Practice, Harvard School of Public Health, 718 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    BMJ 317:917-21. 1998
    ..To determine the effect of inequalities in income within a state on self rated health status while controlling for individual characteristics such as socioeconomic status...
  28. pmc Economic recession and health inequalities in Japan: analysis with a national sample, 1986-2001
    N Kondo
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:869-75. 2008
    ..Japan experienced more than 10 years of economic recession beginning in the 1990s. The question of whether socioeconomic-based inequality in self-rated health widened after the economic crisis was examined...
  29. doi request reprint Relative deprivation in income and self-rated health in the United States
    Malavika Subramanyam
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 69:327-34. 2009
    ..Relative deprivation may partly explain the association between income inequality and worse population health status...
  30. doi request reprint Marital status, gender, and depression: analysis of the baseline survey of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA)
    Soong Nang Jang
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, United States
    Soc Sci Med 69:1608-15. 2009
    ..This pattern of depressive symptoms by gender and life stage may reflect the distinctive influence of the Asian context on relations between men and women, such as traditional gender roles and patriarchal norms for older generation...
  31. ncbi request reprint Intake of potassium, magnesium, calcium, and fiber and risk of stroke among US men
    A Ascherio
    Department of Nutrition, Epidemiology and Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 98:1198-204. 1998
    ..Animal experiments and epidemiological studies have suggested that high potassium intake may reduce the risk of stroke, but the evidence is inconclusive, and the role of other nutrients in potassium-rich foods remains unknown...
  32. ncbi request reprint Relation of consumption of vitamin E, vitamin C, and carotenoids to risk for stroke among men in the United States
    A Ascherio
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann Intern Med 130:963-70. 1999
    ..Antioxidants increase the resistance of low-density lipoprotein to oxidation and may thereby reduce risk for atherosclerosis...
  33. pmc Witnessing community violence in residential neighborhoods: a mental health hazard for urban women
    Cheryl Clark
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Center for Community Health and Health Equity, Brigham and Women s Hospital, and Department of Biostatistics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    J Urban Health 85:22-38. 2008
    ..Community violence interventions must incorporate efforts to protect the mental health of adult women who witness events in their neighborhoods...
  34. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of job insecurity and coronary heart disease in US women
    Sunmin Lee
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:24-30. 2004
    ..To examine prospectively the relationship between job insecurity and incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) among women...
  35. ncbi request reprint Social networks, stress and health-related quality of life
    H Achat
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Qual Life Res 7:735-50. 1998
    ..Social networks are positively associated with mental functioning in women. This association is strongest for women reporting high levels of home and work stressors...
  36. pmc Giving means receiving: the protective effect of social capital on binge drinking on college campuses
    E R Weitzman
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1936-9. 2000
    ..We tested whether higher levels of social capital on college campuses protected against individual risks of binge drinking...
  37. ncbi request reprint Going to the heart of the matter: do negative emotions cause coronary heart disease?
    L D Kubzansky
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Psychosom Res 48:323-37. 2000
    ....
  38. pmc Are state patterns of smoking different for different racial/ethnic groups? an application of multilevel analysis
    Theresa L Osypuk
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Public Health Rep 121:563-77. 2006
    ..We explored and mapped the variation in smoking prevalence for racial/ethnic groups by gender and state after adjusting for demographic factors...
  39. ncbi request reprint Social ties and change in social ties in relation to subsequent total and cause-specific mortality and coronary heart disease incidence in men
    Patricia M Eng
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 155:700-9. 2002
    ..Increase in religious service attendance over time was also significantly predictive of decreased mortality...
  40. ncbi request reprint Anger expression and risk of stroke and coronary heart disease among male health professionals
    Patricia Mona Eng
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:100-10. 2003
    ..To date few cohort studies have evaluated the role of anger coping style in the development of cardiovascular disease. This study prospectively examined the effects of anger expression on incidence of cardiovascular disease...
  41. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of job strain and coronary heart disease in US women
    Sunmin Lee
    Departments of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 31:1147-53; discussion 1154. 2002
    ..Despite the wealth of convincing evidence in men for an association between job strain and CHD, data in women remain sparse...
  42. pmc Neighborhood socioeconomic status and behavioral pathways to risks of colon and rectal cancer in women
    Daniel Kim
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Cancer 116:4187-96. 2010
    ..Evidence on the associations between neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) and incident colon and rectal cancer is limited...
  43. pmc Reverberations of family illness: a longitudinal assessment of informal caregiving and mental health status in the Nurses' Health Study
    Carolyn C Cannuscio
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1305-11. 2002
    ..This study examined the association between caregiving for disabled or ill family members, estimated to occur in more than 22 million US households, and change in mental health...
  44. ncbi request reprint A multilevel analysis of women's status and self-rated health in the United States
    Hee Jin Jun
    Channing Laboratory of Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, USA
    J Am Med Womens Assoc 59:172-80. 2004
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Metropolitan area income inequality and self-rated health--a multi-level study
    Tony A Blakely
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, USA
    Soc Sci Med 54:65-77. 2002
    ..Regarding the association of state-level income inequality with fair/poor health, we found the association to be considerably stronger among non-metropolitan (i.e. rural) compared to metropolitan residents...
  46. pmc Caregiving to children and grandchildren and risk of coronary heart disease in women
    Sunmin Lee
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1939-44. 2003
    ..We examined the relationship between burden of providing care to non-ill children and grandchildren and incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) among women...
  47. ncbi request reprint Rotating night shifts and risk of breast cancer in women participating in the nurses' health study
    E S Schernhammer
    E S Schernhammer, Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 93:1563-8. 2001
    ..There is little information, however, about the direct effect of night work on the risk of cancer. We investigated the effect of night work in breast cancer...
  48. pmc Income inequality and health: multilevel analysis of Chilean communities
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:844-8. 2003
    ..This study examines the cross sectional multilevel associations between income inequality and self rated poor health in Chile; a society more unequal than the US...
  49. ncbi request reprint Sense of exhaustion and coronary heart disease among college alumni
    S R Cole
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Am J Cardiol 84:1401-5. 1999
    ..In a prospective observational study, frequent sense of exhaustion appeared to be independently associated with increased risk of CHD mortality in men...
  50. pmc Bonding versus bridging social capital and their associations with self rated health: a multilevel analysis of 40 US communities
    D Kim
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02446, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:116-22. 2006
    ..This study distinguished between the health effects of summary measures tapping into the constructs of community bonding and community bridging social capital...
  51. ncbi request reprint Is the glass half empty or half full? A prospective study of optimism and coronary heart disease in the normative aging study
    L D Kubzansky
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Psychosom Med 63:910-6. 2001
    ..We examined prospectively the relationship of an optimistic or pessimistic explanatory style with coronary heart disease incidence in the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study, an ongoing cohort of older men...
  52. ncbi request reprint Does economic inequality affect child malnutrition? The case of Ecuador
    Carlos Larrea
    FLACSO Ecuador, Harvard Center for Society and Health, Harvard University, Av De las Palmeras N45 159, Dpto 101 C, Quito, Ecuador
    Soc Sci Med 60:165-78. 2005
    ..However, after controlling for relevant covariates, economic inequality at the provincial scale had a statistically significant deleterious effect on stunting. At municipal or local levels, inequality was not associated with stunting...
  53. ncbi request reprint Does caregiving stress affect cognitive function in older women?
    Sunmin Lee
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 181 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:51-7. 2004
    ..31, 95% CI 1.10, 1.56). We found a moderately increased risk of poor performance on several cognitive tests among women who provided care to their disabled or ill husbands...
  54. ncbi request reprint Measuring and modeling the social and geographic context of trauma: a multilevel modeling approach
    Ichiro Kawachi
    Harvard School of Public Health, MA 02115, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:195-203. 2006
    ..We use the example of the concept of social capital to illustrate the relevance of the contextual approach for trauma research and outline a multilevel modeling approach to examining contextual influences on trauma outcomes...
  55. ncbi request reprint Multigenerational family structure in Japanese society: impacts on stress and health behaviors among women and men
    Yasuhisa Takeda
    Harvard School of Public Health, Center for Society and Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Soc Sci Med 59:69-81. 2004
    ..These findings suggest gender-specific patterns of worries and health behaviors that reflect both the health-protecting and health-damaging effects of living in multigenerational households...
  56. pmc Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty
    CHERYL R CLARK
    Center for Community Health and Health Equity, Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Brigham and Women s Faulkner Hospitalist Program, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:162. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that low-income elders and elders at retirement age (65 - 74) would be at greatest risk of mobility disability onset in the face of perceived or measured crime-related safety hazards...
  57. ncbi request reprint Caregiving and risk of coronary heart disease in U.S. women: a prospective study
    Sunmin Lee
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Prev Med 24:113-9. 2003
    ..However, no studies have examined the association between caregiving and cardiovascular disease incidence...
  58. pmc Income inequality as a public health concern: where do we stand? Commentary on "Is exposure to income inequality a public health concern?"
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, USA
    Health Serv Res 38:153-67. 2003
  59. pmc Does childhood schooling affect old age memory or mental status? Using state schooling laws as natural experiments
    M M Glymour
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntingdon Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:532-7. 2008
    ..Changes in CSL predict changes in average years of schooling completed by children who are affected by the new laws. These educational differences are presumably independent of innate individual characteristics such as IQ...
  60. pmc Injustice at work and health: causation or correlation?
    I Kawachi
    Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Occup Environ Med 63:578-9. 2006
  61. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of caffeine consumption and risk of Parkinson's disease in men and women
    A Ascherio
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Neurol 50:56-63. 2001
    ..These results support a possible protective effect of moderate doses of caffeine on risk of Parkinson's disease...
  62. ncbi request reprint Firearm prevalence and social capital
    D Hemenway
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 11:484-90. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: While the analysis cannot show causation, states with heavily armed civilians are also states with low levels of social capital...
  63. ncbi request reprint Does the state you live in make a difference? Multilevel analysis of self-rated health in the US
    S V Subramania
    Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Soc Sci Med 53:9-19. 2001
    ..Importantly, it is argued that without adopting an explicitly multilevel approach, the debate on linkages between individual health and income-inequality/social capital cannot be adequately addressed...
  64. pmc Do neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and low social cohesion predict coronary calcification?: the CARDIA study
    Daniel Kim
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, 7th Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:288-98. 2010
    ..03). This study provides evidence on associations of neighborhood deprivation and cohesion with CAC in younger, asymptomatic adults. Neighborhood attributes may contribute to subclinical atherosclerosis...
  65. pmc A multilevel analysis of key forms of community- and individual-level social capital as predictors of self-rated health in the United States
    Daniel Kim
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Urban Health 83:813-26. 2006
    ..Overall, our results suggest primarily beneficial yet modest health effects of key summary forms of community social capital, and heterogeneity in some of these effects by urban context and population subgroup...
  66. pmc Gender and sex differences in job status and hypertension
    Jane E Clougherty
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Environmental Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Occup Environ Med 68:16-23. 2011
    ....
  67. doi request reprint Social capital and self-rated health in Colombia: the good, the bad and the ugly
    David Hurtado
    Harvard School of Public Health, Society, Human Development and Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 72:584-90. 2011
    ..Human rights violations related to political violence and gender based discrimination may explain adverse associations with health...
  68. ncbi request reprint Whose health is affected by income inequality? A multilevel interaction analysis of contemporaneous and lagged effects of state income inequality on individual self-rated health in the United States
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, KRESGE, 7th Floor, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Health Place 12:141-56. 2006
    ..At the same time, the contemporaneous main effect of state income inequality remained statistically significant even when conditioned for past levels of income inequality and median income of states...
  69. pmc Covariation in the socioeconomic determinants of self rated health and happiness: a multivariate multilevel analysis of individuals and communities in the USA
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, 7th Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:664-9. 2005
    ..To investigate individual level determinants of self rated health and happiness, as well as the extent of community level covariation in health and happiness...
  70. ncbi request reprint US state- and county-level social capital in relation to obesity and physical inactivity: a multilevel, multivariable analysis
    Daniel Kim
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:1045-59. 2006
    ..Overall, this study provides some evidence for the promotion of social capital as a potential strategy for addressing the burgeoning obesity epidemic...
  71. doi request reprint Body mass index and risk of suicide among one million US adults
    Kenneth J Mukamal
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02446, USA
    Epidemiology 21:82-6. 2010
    ..Body mass index (BMI) has been linked with both increased and decreased risk of suicide attempts and deaths...
  72. pmc Effects of individual and proximate educational context on intimate partner violence: a population-based study of women in India
    Leland K Ackerson
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Kresge Building, 7th flr, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:507-14. 2008
    ..We examined the role of women's education and proximate educational context on intimate partner violence (IPV)...
  73. doi request reprint Money, schooling, and health: Mechanisms and causal evidence
    Ichiro Kawachi
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:56-68. 2010
    ..Much remains unknown beyond these crude findings, however; for example, what type of education matters for health, or whether there is a difference between the health impacts of temporary income shocks versus changes in long-term income...
  74. pmc Are self-reports of health and morbidities in developing countries misleading? Evidence from India
    S V Subramanian
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:260-5. 2009
    ..A less dismissive and pessimistic view of health data obtained through self-reports seems warranted...
  75. doi request reprint Educational attainment and cigarette smoking: a causal association?
    Stephen E Gilman
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:615-24. 2008
    ..Despite abundant evidence that lower education is associated with a higher risk of smoking, whether the association is causal has not been convincingly established...
  76. pmc Contribution of race/ethnicity and country of origin to variations in lifetime reported asthma: evidence for a nativity advantage
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:690-7. 2009
    ..We assessed the relative contribution of Hispanic ethnicity, country of origin, and nativity to lifetime prevalence of asthma among mothers and children enrolled in the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods...
  77. doi request reprint Ethnicity and nativity status as determinants of perceived social support: testing the concept of familism
    Joanna Almeida
    Institute on Urban Health Research, Northeastern University, Stearns 503, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1852-8. 2009
    ..Effect modification by SES suggests that Latinos of lower and higher SES may differ with regard to the traditionally-held value of familism...
  78. pmc Income inequality and the double burden of under- and overnutrition in India
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:802-9. 2007
    ..This study examined the association between contextual income inequality and the double burden of under- and overnutrition in India...
  79. ncbi request reprint U.S. state-level social capital and health-related quality of life: multilevel evidence of main, mediating, and modifying effects
    Daniel Kim
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:258-69. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between state-level social capital and adult health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the United States...
  80. ncbi request reprint Drinking frequency and quantity and risk of suicide among men
    Kenneth J Mukamal
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 1309 Beacon Street, 2nd Floor, Brookline, MA 02446, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 42:153-60. 2007
    ..Individuals who die from suicide commonly have consumed alcohol immediately beforehand, often in large quantities. However, prospective cohort data on regular alcohol use as a risk factor for suicide are lacking...
  81. pmc A multilevel analysis of social ties and social cohesion among Latinos and their neighborhoods: results from Chicago
    Joanna Almeida
    Institute on Urban Health Research, Bouve College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115 5000, USA
    J Urban Health 86:745-59. 2009
    ..Contrary to the assumption that Mexican immigrant enclaves beget social cohesion, we did not find this to be true in Chicago neighborhoods...
  82. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood contextual influences on depressive symptoms in the elderly
    Laura D Kubzansky
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:253-60. 2005
    ..e., mediated) neighborhood variations in depressive symptoms...
  83. ncbi request reprint When is baseline adjustment useful in analyses of change? An example with education and cognitive change
    M Maria Glymour
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:267-78. 2005
    ..In some cases, change-score analyses without baseline adjustment provide unbiased causal effect estimates when baseline-adjusted estimates are biased...
  84. ncbi request reprint The association between state income inequality and worse health is not confounded by race
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, KRESGE BLDG 7th Floor, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 32:1022-8. 2003
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint Night-shift work and risk of colorectal cancer in the nurses' health study
    Eva S Schernhammer
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 95:825-8. 2003
    ..84 to 1.19) and 1.35 (95% CI = 1.03 to 1.77), respectively (P(trend) =.04). These data suggest that working a rotating night shift at least three nights per month for 15 or more years may increase the risk of colorectal cancer in women...
  86. ncbi request reprint Family disruption in childhood and risk of adult depression
    Stephen E Gilman
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 160:939-46. 2003
    ..The authors examined the risk that family disruption and low socioeconomic status in early childhood confer on the onset of major depression in adulthood...
  87. doi request reprint Leaving Las Vegas: Exposure to Las Vegas and risk of suicide
    Matt Wray
    Department of Sociology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    Soc Sci Med 67:1882-8. 2008
    ..We compare our empirical evidence for each of the effects with existing sociological and historical scholarship on Las Vegas...
  88. ncbi request reprint Job stress and breast cancer risk: the nurses' health study
    Eva S Schernhammer
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 160:1079-86. 2004
    ..87 (95% CI: 0.73, 1.04) for women in high-strain jobs, and 0.90 (95% CI: 0.76, 1.06) for women in passive jobs. Findings from this study indicate that job stress is not related to any increase in breast cancer risk...
  89. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood differences in social capital: a compositional artifact or a contextual construct?
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, 7th Floor, Boston, MA 02115 6096, USA
    Health Place 9:33-44. 2003
    ....
  90. ncbi request reprint Smoking and risk of coronary heart disease among women with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Wael K Al-Delaimy
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:273-9. 2002
    ..Although the association between smoking and increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) is well established in the general population, this relationship is less well-defined among individuals with diabetes...
  91. ncbi request reprint Quality-of-life differences among various populations of localized prostate cancer patients: 2001
    Constance G Bacon
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Curr Urol Rep 3:239-43. 2002
    ..We also discuss emerging evidence of racial and/or ethnic disparities in prostate cancer-related quality of life, the role of social networks and support in recovery and adjustment, as well as the impact of cancer recurrence...
  92. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of social support, anger expression and risk of periodontitis in men
    Anwar T Merchant
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    J Am Dent Assoc 134:1591-6. 2003
    ..Stress is associated with poor oral hygiene, increased glucocorticoid secretion that can depress immune function, increased insulin resistance and potentially increased risk of periodontitis...
  93. pmc Socioeconomic disadvantage, parenting responsibility, and women's smoking in the United States
    Hee Jin Jun
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Mediccal School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:2170-6. 2004
    ..We carried out analyses of smoking in relation to poverty and child care responsibility among women aged 18-54 years residing in the United States...
  94. pmc Can social factors explain sex differences in insomnia? Findings from a national survey in Taiwan
    Ying Yeh Chen
    Taipei City Psychiatric Centre, Xinyi District, Taipei City, Taiwan
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:488-94. 2005
    ..To examine sociological explanations for the higher level of insomnia in women, including social roles and socioeconomic status (SES)...
  95. ncbi request reprint Is the association between socioeconomic position and coronary heart disease stronger in women than in men?
    Rebecca C Thurston
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 162:57-65. 2005
    ..12) in age-adjusted models. Low education was associated with greater social and psychological risks for women than men; however, metabolic risks largely explained gender differences in the educational gradient in coronary heart disease...
  96. ncbi request reprint The association of treatment-related symptoms with quality-of-life outcomes for localized prostate carcinoma patients
    Constance G Bacon
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Cancer 94:862-71. 2002
    ..However, very few studies have directly examined and compared the impact of these symptoms on overall and cancer specific quality of life...
  97. doi request reprint Marital status and survival following bladder cancer
    G Dabral Datta
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Kresge Building 7 Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:807-13. 2009
    ..Marital status has been implicated as a prognostic factor in bladder cancer survival. However, few studies have explored potential mechanisms through which this might occur...
  98. pmc Cigarette advertising on taxicabs in Boston, Massachusetts (USA)
    H D Sesso
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Tob Control 6:128-30. 1997
    ..To examine the frequency of tobacco advertisements on taxicabs within Boston, Massachusetts (USA)...
  99. ncbi request reprint Childhood overweight and maternal depressive symptoms
    P J Surkan
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:e11. 2008
    ..Given the rising global prevalence of overweight associated with the nutrition transition, the objective of this study was to evaluate whether maternal depressive symptoms are related to overweight in infants aged 6-24 months...
  100. pmc State-level income inequality and individual mortality risk: a prospective, multilevel study
    K Lochner
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:385-91. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: State-level income inequality appears to exert a contextual effect on mortality risk, after income is adjusted for, providing further evidence that the distribution of income is important for health...
  101. pmc Phobic anxiety is associated with higher serum concentrations of adipokines and cytokines in women with diabetes
    Aoife M Brennan
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:926-31. 2009
    ..We aimed to determine whether associations of phobic anxiety with several known markers of CVD might be contributors...