I Kawachi

Summary

Affiliation: Harvard University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Social inequalities in life expectancy and mortality during the transition period of economic crisis (1993-2010) in Korea
    Mia Son
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical College, Kangwon National University, Kangwon, South Korea
    Int J Equity Health 11:71. 2012
  2. pmc Do residents of food deserts express different food buying preferences compared to residents of food oases? A mixed-methods analysis
    Renee E Walker
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:41. 2012
  3. pmc School environment as predictor of teacher sick leave: data-linked prospective cohort study
    Jenni Ervasti
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Centre of Expertise for Work Organizations, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 12:770. 2012
  4. pmc Association between binge drinking, type of friends and gender: a cross-sectional study among Brazilian adolescents
    Patrícia M Zarzar
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av, Antonio Carlos, 6627, CEP 31270901, Belo, Horizonte MG, Brazil
    BMC Public Health 12:257. 2012
  5. pmc Neighborhood food environment and body mass index among Japanese older adults: results from the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES)
    Tomoya Hanibuchi
    Research Center for Disaster Mitigation of Urban Cultural Heritage, Ritsumeikan University, 58 Komatsubara Kitamachi, Kita ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 603 8341 Japan
    Int J Health Geogr 10:43. 2011
  6. pmc Social capital and self-rated health among adolescents in Brazil: an exploratory study
    Carolina M Borges
    Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, 6627 Presidente Antônio Carlos Ave, Belo Horizonte, MG 31270 901, Brazil
    BMC Res Notes 3:338. 2010
  7. pmc Neighborhood built environment and physical activity of Japanese older adults: results from the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES)
    Tomoya Hanibuchi
    Research Center for Disaster Mitigation of Urban Cultural Heritage, Ritsumeikan University, 58 Komatsubara Kitamachi, Kita ku, Kyoto, Kyoto, 603 8341 Japan
    BMC Public Health 11:657. 2011
  8. pmc Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty
    CHERYL R CLARK
    Center for Community Health and Health Equity, Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Brigham and Women s Faulkner Hospitalist Program, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:162. 2009
  9. pmc Urbanization and physician maldistribution: a longitudinal study in Japan
    Shinichi Tanihara
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:260. 2011
  10. pmc Mothers and daughters-in-law: a prospective study of informal care-giving arrangements and survival in Japan
    Akihiro Nishi
    Department of Health Services Research, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    BMC Geriatr 10:61. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications64

  1. pmc Social inequalities in life expectancy and mortality during the transition period of economic crisis (1993-2010) in Korea
    Mia Son
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Medical College, Kangwon National University, Kangwon, South Korea
    Int J Equity Health 11:71. 2012
    ..This study examines social inequalities in life expectancy and mortality during the transition period of the Korean economic crisis (1993-2010) among Korean adults aged 40 and over...
  2. pmc Do residents of food deserts express different food buying preferences compared to residents of food oases? A mixed-methods analysis
    Renee E Walker
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 9:41. 2012
    ..This study explored factors influencing food buying practices among residents of food deserts versus food oases in the city of Boston, USA...
  3. pmc School environment as predictor of teacher sick leave: data-linked prospective cohort study
    Jenni Ervasti
    Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Centre of Expertise for Work Organizations, Topeliuksenkatu 41 a A, 00250, Helsinki, Finland
    BMC Public Health 12:770. 2012
    ..We examined whether the level of or a change in pupil-reported school environment (IAQ, school satisfaction, and bullying) predicts recorded sick leaves among teachers...
  4. pmc Association between binge drinking, type of friends and gender: a cross-sectional study among Brazilian adolescents
    Patrícia M Zarzar
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Av, Antonio Carlos, 6627, CEP 31270901, Belo, Horizonte MG, Brazil
    BMC Public Health 12:257. 2012
    ....
  5. pmc Neighborhood food environment and body mass index among Japanese older adults: results from the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES)
    Tomoya Hanibuchi
    Research Center for Disaster Mitigation of Urban Cultural Heritage, Ritsumeikan University, 58 Komatsubara Kitamachi, Kita ku, Kyoto, Kyoto 603 8341 Japan
    Int J Health Geogr 10:43. 2011
    ..The evidence remains limited to western societies. The aim of this paper is to examine the association of local food environment to body mass index (BMI) in a study of older Japanese individuals...
  6. pmc Social capital and self-rated health among adolescents in Brazil: an exploratory study
    Carolina M Borges
    Department of Social and Preventive Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, 6627 Presidente Antônio Carlos Ave, Belo Horizonte, MG 31270 901, Brazil
    BMC Res Notes 3:338. 2010
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the association between social capital and self-rated health among youth, and distinguish between the different forms of social capital - cognitive versus behavioral, and bonding versus bridging...
  7. pmc Neighborhood built environment and physical activity of Japanese older adults: results from the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES)
    Tomoya Hanibuchi
    Research Center for Disaster Mitigation of Urban Cultural Heritage, Ritsumeikan University, 58 Komatsubara Kitamachi, Kita ku, Kyoto, Kyoto, 603 8341 Japan
    BMC Public Health 11:657. 2011
    ..The aim of this paper is to examine the associations for older adult populations in Japan...
  8. pmc Perceived neighborhood safety and incident mobility disability among elders: the hazards of poverty
    CHERYL R CLARK
    Center for Community Health and Health Equity, Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Brigham and Women s Faulkner Hospitalist Program, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    BMC Public Health 9:162. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that low-income elders and elders at retirement age (65 - 74) would be at greatest risk of mobility disability onset in the face of perceived or measured crime-related safety hazards...
  9. pmc Urbanization and physician maldistribution: a longitudinal study in Japan
    Shinichi Tanihara
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan
    BMC Health Serv Res 11:260. 2011
    ..In 2007, medical school entrants equaled just 92% of their 1982 peers. The urban annual population growth rate is positive and the rural is negative, a trend that may affect denominator populations and physician distribution...
  10. pmc Mothers and daughters-in-law: a prospective study of informal care-giving arrangements and survival in Japan
    Akihiro Nishi
    Department of Health Services Research, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    BMC Geriatr 10:61. 2010
    ..We prospectively examined the associations between different types of kinship relationship between the main family caregiver and the care recipient in relation to survival among care recipients...
  11. pmc Injustice at work and health: causation or correlation?
    I Kawachi
    Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Occup Environ Med 63:578-9. 2006
  12. doi request reprint Money, schooling, and health: Mechanisms and causal evidence
    Ichiro Kawachi
    Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:56-68. 2010
    ..Much remains unknown beyond these crude findings, however; for example, what type of education matters for health, or whether there is a difference between the health impacts of temporary income shocks versus changes in long-term income...
  13. ncbi request reprint (Dis)respect and black mortality
    B P Kennedy
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ethn Dis 7:207-14. 1997
    ..The present study examined the association of racial prejudice--measured at a collective level--to black and white mortality across the United States...
  14. ncbi request reprint Is worrying bad for your heart? A prospective study of worry and coronary heart disease in the Normative Aging Study
    L D Kubzansky
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    Circulation 95:818-24. 1997
    ..Chronic worry has also been associated with decreased heart rate variability. We hypothesized that high levels of worry may increase CHD risk...
  15. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of passive smoking and coronary heart disease
    I Kawachi
    Channing Laboratory, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 95:2374-9. 1997
    ..Additionally, several studies have been unable to control for the full range of potential confounding factors. We examined prospectively the relationship of passive smoking with risk of CHD in a cohort of women...
  16. ncbi request reprint Physical activity and benign prostatic hyperplasia
    E A Platz
    Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Arch Intern Med 158:2349-56. 1998
    ..Therefore, we assessed whether physical activity leads to fewer lower urinary tract symptoms in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study...
  17. ncbi request reprint Social capital and community effects on population and individual health
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:120-30. 1999
    ..Strengthening the social capital within communities may provide an important avenue for reducing socioeconomic disparities in health...
  18. ncbi request reprint Women's status and the health of women and men: a view from the States
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 48:21-32. 1999
    ..Gender inequality and truncated opportunities for women may be one of the pathways by which the maldistribution of income adversely affects the health of women...
  19. doi request reprint Is blood thicker than water? Social support, depression and the modifying role of ethnicity/nativity status
    J Almeida
    Institute on Urban Health Research, Bouve College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 5000, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:51-6. 2011
    ..In addition, such studies rarely specify the source of support and how support from family versus friends may differentially impact mental health...
  20. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of a self-report type A scale and risk of coronary heart disease: test of the MMPI-2 type A scale
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Circulation 98:405-12. 1998
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first test of this scale in the context of predicting CHD incidence...
  21. pmc Income distribution, socioeconomic status, and self rated health in the United States: multilevel analysis
    B P Kennedy
    Division of Public Health Practice, Harvard School of Public Health, 718 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    BMJ 317:917-21. 1998
    ..To determine the effect of inequalities in income within a state on self rated health status while controlling for individual characteristics such as socioeconomic status...
  22. pmc Social ties and mental health
    I Kawachi
    The Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard Center for Society and Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Urban Health 78:458-67. 2001
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Intake of potassium, magnesium, calcium, and fiber and risk of stroke among US men
    A Ascherio
    Department of Nutrition, Epidemiology and Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Circulation 98:1198-204. 1998
    ..Animal experiments and epidemiological studies have suggested that high potassium intake may reduce the risk of stroke, but the evidence is inconclusive, and the role of other nutrients in potassium-rich foods remains unknown...
  24. ncbi request reprint Test of item-response bias in the CES-D scale. experience from the New Haven EPESE study
    S R Cole
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 53:285-9. 2000
    ..60, 2.82) times that of men matched on overall depressive symptoms. Our data indicate the CES-D would have greater validity among this diverse group of older men and women after removal of the crying item and two interpersonal items...
  25. ncbi request reprint Crime: social disorganization and relative deprivation
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 48:719-31. 1999
    ..Areas with high crime rates tend also to exhibit higher mortality rates from all causes, suggesting that crime and population health share the same social origins. Crime is thus a mirror of the quality of the social environment...
  26. ncbi request reprint Social networks, stress and health-related quality of life
    H Achat
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    Qual Life Res 7:735-50. 1998
    ..Social networks are positively associated with mental functioning in women. This association is strongest for women reporting high levels of home and work stressors...
  27. pmc Social capital and self-rated health: a contextual analysis
    I Kawachi
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 89:1187-93. 1999
    ..This article reports a contextual analysis of social capital and individual self-rated health, with adjustment for individual household income, health behaviors, and other covariates...
  28. pmc Giving means receiving: the protective effect of social capital on binge drinking on college campuses
    E R Weitzman
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02120, USA
    Am J Public Health 90:1936-9. 2000
    ..We tested whether higher levels of social capital on college campuses protected against individual risks of binge drinking...
  29. pmc Socioeconomic inequality in voting participation and self-rated health
    T A Blakely
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, and Harvard Center for Society and Health, Boston, Mass, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:99-104. 2001
    ..This study tested the hypothesis that disparities in political participation across socioeconomic status affect health. Specifically, the association of voting inequality at the state level with individual self-rated health was examined...
  30. ncbi request reprint Sense of exhaustion and coronary heart disease among college alumni
    S R Cole
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Am J Cardiol 84:1401-5. 1999
    ..In a prospective observational study, frequent sense of exhaustion appeared to be independently associated with increased risk of CHD mortality in men...
  31. pmc Economic recession and health inequalities in Japan: analysis with a national sample, 1986-2001
    N Kondo
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:869-75. 2008
    ..Japan experienced more than 10 years of economic recession beginning in the 1990s. The question of whether socioeconomic-based inequality in self-rated health widened after the economic crisis was examined...
  32. pmc Income inequality and health: multilevel analysis of Chilean communities
    S V Subramanian
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:844-8. 2003
    ..This study examines the cross sectional multilevel associations between income inequality and self rated poor health in Chile; a society more unequal than the US...
  33. ncbi request reprint Relation of consumption of vitamin E, vitamin C, and carotenoids to risk for stroke among men in the United States
    A Ascherio
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Ann Intern Med 130:963-70. 1999
    ..Antioxidants increase the resistance of low-density lipoprotein to oxidation and may thereby reduce risk for atherosclerosis...
  34. ncbi request reprint Going to the heart of the matter: do negative emotions cause coronary heart disease?
    L D Kubzansky
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Psychosom Res 48:323-37. 2000
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Prospective study of caffeine consumption and risk of Parkinson's disease in men and women
    A Ascherio
    Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Neurol 50:56-63. 2001
    ..These results support a possible protective effect of moderate doses of caffeine on risk of Parkinson's disease...
  36. pmc Cigarette nicotine yields and nicotine intake among Japanese male workers
    K Ueda
    Master of Public Health Program, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Tob Control 11:55-60. 2002
    ..1 mg of nicotine by Federal Trade Commission (FTC) methods) in relation to nicotine intake (urinary nicotine, cotinine and trans-3'-hydroxycotinine) among 246 Japanese male smokers...
  37. pmc Stress and suicide in the Nurses' Health Study
    D Feskanich
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:95-8. 2002
    ..This study examined prospectively the associations between self perceived stress, diazepam use, and death from suicide among adult women...
  38. doi request reprint Marital status and survival following bladder cancer
    G Dabral Datta
    Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Kresge Building 7 Floor, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:807-13. 2009
    ..Marital status has been implicated as a prognostic factor in bladder cancer survival. However, few studies have explored potential mechanisms through which this might occur...
  39. ncbi request reprint Does the state you live in make a difference? Multilevel analysis of self-rated health in the US
    S V Subramania
    Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Soc Sci Med 53:9-19. 2001
    ..Importantly, it is argued that without adopting an explicitly multilevel approach, the debate on linkages between individual health and income-inequality/social capital cannot be adequately addressed...
  40. pmc Does childhood schooling affect old age memory or mental status? Using state schooling laws as natural experiments
    M M Glymour
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntingdon Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:532-7. 2008
    ..Changes in CSL predict changes in average years of schooling completed by children who are affected by the new laws. These educational differences are presumably independent of innate individual characteristics such as IQ...
  41. pmc Bonding versus bridging social capital and their associations with self rated health: a multilevel analysis of 40 US communities
    D Kim
    Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02446, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:116-22. 2006
    ..This study distinguished between the health effects of summary measures tapping into the constructs of community bonding and community bridging social capital...
  42. pmc Cigarette advertising on taxicabs in Boston, Massachusetts (USA)
    H D Sesso
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Tob Control 6:128-30. 1997
    ..To examine the frequency of tobacco advertisements on taxicabs within Boston, Massachusetts (USA)...
  43. pmc Workplace exposure to passive smoking and risk of cardiovascular disease: summary of epidemiologic studies
    I Kawachi
    Channing Laboratory, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 107:847-51. 1999
    ..Conversely, there is no biologically plausible reason to believe that the hazards of ETS exposure that have been demonstrated in the home should not also apply to the workplace...
  44. ncbi request reprint Rotating night shifts and risk of breast cancer in women participating in the nurses' health study
    E S Schernhammer
    E S Schernhammer, Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 93:1563-8. 2001
    ..There is little information, however, about the direct effect of night work on the risk of cancer. We investigated the effect of night work in breast cancer...
  45. ncbi request reprint Living arrangements, social integration, and change in functional health status
    Y L Michael
    Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:123-31. 2001
    ..In fact, these women actually fare better on measures of psychologic function than do women living with a spouse...
  46. pmc Phobic anxiety is associated with higher serum concentrations of adipokines and cytokines in women with diabetes
    Aoife M Brennan
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:926-31. 2009
    ..We aimed to determine whether associations of phobic anxiety with several known markers of CVD might be contributors...
  47. ncbi request reprint The impact of cancer treatment on quality of life outcomes for patients with localized prostate cancer
    C G Bacon
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health and Channing Laboratory, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Urol 166:1804-10. 2001
    ..It is important for patients with prostate cancer and health care providers to consider these differences while making treatment decisions...
  48. ncbi request reprint Time urgency and risk of non-fatal myocardial infarction
    S R Cole
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA02215, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 30:363-9. 2001
    ....
  49. pmc State-level income inequality and individual mortality risk: a prospective, multilevel study
    K Lochner
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Public Health 91:385-91. 2001
    ..CONCLUSIONS: State-level income inequality appears to exert a contextual effect on mortality risk, after income is adjusted for, providing further evidence that the distribution of income is important for health...
  50. pmc A glossary for health inequalities
    I Kawachi
    Center for Society and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston 02115, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:647-52. 2002
    ..reflect health inequalities between social groups or, more significantly, do they suggest a contextual effect of place?; (7) What is the contribution of the lifecourse to health inequalities?; (8) What kinds of inequality should we study?..
  51. ncbi request reprint Is the glass half empty or half full? A prospective study of optimism and coronary heart disease in the normative aging study
    L D Kubzansky
    Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Psychosom Med 63:910-6. 2001
    ..We examined prospectively the relationship of an optimistic or pessimistic explanatory style with coronary heart disease incidence in the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study, an ongoing cohort of older men...
  52. ncbi request reprint Socio-economic status, family disruption and residential stability in childhood: relation to onset, recurrence and remission of major depression
    S E Gilman
    Department of Maternal and Child Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Psychol Med 33:1341-55. 2003
    ..We also examine whether these aspects of childhood adversity are related to the severity of depression...
  53. ncbi request reprint Childhood overweight and maternal depressive symptoms
    P J Surkan
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 62:e11. 2008
    ..Given the rising global prevalence of overweight associated with the nutrition transition, the objective of this study was to evaluate whether maternal depressive symptoms are related to overweight in infants aged 6-24 months...
  54. ncbi request reprint Firearm prevalence and social capital
    D Hemenway
    Department of Health Policy and Management, Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 11:484-90. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: While the analysis cannot show causation, states with heavily armed civilians are also states with low levels of social capital...
  55. pmc Why did Swiss citizens refuse to ban tobacco advertising?
    J Cornuz
    Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Tob Control 5:149-53. 1996
    ..A comparison to successful campaigns in Canada and New Zealand provides insight regarding factors missing in the Swiss campaign which might have been useful in obtaining support from Swiss citizens...
  56. pmc Development and validation of an instrument to measure perceived neighbourhood quality in Taiwan
    M J Yang
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:492-6. 2002
    ..However, validated instruments do not exist for measuring neighbourhood quality in Taiwan. A self reported instrument to measure perceived neighbourhood quality in Taiwan was developed and tested...
  57. ncbi request reprint Adolescents' perceptions of social status: development and evaluation of a new indicator
    E Goodman
    Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Pediatrics 108:E31. 2001
    ..Determining how these changes in SSS relate to health and how SSS functions prospectively with regard to health outcomes requires additional research...
  58. pmc Income inequality and economic residential segregation
    I Kawachi
    J Epidemiol Community Health 56:165-6. 2002
  59. pmc Social capital in a changing society: cross sectional associations with middle aged female and male mortality rates
    A Skrabski
    Institute of Behavioural Sciences, Semmelweis University of Medicine, Budapest, Hungary
    J Epidemiol Community Health 57:114-9. 2003
    ..Social capital has been linked to self rated health and mortality rates. The authors examined the relations between measures of social capital and male/female mortality rates across counties in Hungary...
  60. pmc Social capital and collective efficacy in Hungary: cross sectional associations with middle aged female and male mortality rates
    A Skrabski
    Apor Vilmos College, Zsámbék, Hungary
    J Epidemiol Community Health 58:340-5. 2004
    ..Social capital, collective efficacy, and religious involvement have each been linked to population health. This study examined the relations between these measures and male/female mortality rates in Hungary...
  61. ncbi request reprint Higher perinatal mortality in National Public Health System hospitals in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, 1999: a compositional or contextual effect?
    S Lansky
    Belo Horizonte Health Department, Medical School, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    BJOG 114:1240-5. 2007
    ..We analyse whether this reflects a compositional effect (selection of patients) or a contextual effect...
  62. pmc Tobacco control in Australia
    A Woodward
    Tob Control 12:ii1-2. 2003
  63. ncbi request reprint The impact of multiple role occupancy on health-related behaviours in Japan: differences by gender and age
    Y Takeda
    Office for Cancer Control, Health Service Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, 1 2 2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 100 8916, Japan
    Public Health 120:966-75. 2006
    ..We examined gender and age differences in the impact of multiple role occupancy on health-related behaviours and health status among working age Japanese adults...
  64. pmc Neighbourhood influences on health
    I Kawachi
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:3-4. 2007