Scott V Edwards

Summary

Affiliation: Harvard University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc The evolution of intron size in amniotes: a role for powered flight?
    Qu Zhang
    Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Genome Biol Evol 4:1033-43. 2012
  2. pmc Ultrafast evolution and loss of CRISPRs following a host shift in a novel wildlife pathogen, Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Nigel F Delaney
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Genet 8:e1002511. 2012
  3. ncbi request reprint Next-generation QTL mapping: crowdsourcing SNPs, without pedigrees
    Scott V Edwards
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Mol Ecol 22:3885-87. 2013
  4. pmc Major histocompatibility complex class I evolution in songbirds: universal primers, rapid evolution and base compositional shifts in exon 3
    Miguel Alcaide
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Peerj 1:e86. 2013
  5. pmc Sequencing three crocodilian genomes to illuminate the evolution of archosaurs and amniotes
    John A St John
    Institute for Genomics, Biocomputing and Biotechnology, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Genome Biol 13:415. 2012
  6. pmc Exploration of phylogenetic data using a global sequence analysis method
    Charles Chapus
    Equipe de Bioinformatique Genomique et Moleculaire, INSERM U 726, case 7113, Tour 53 54, 2 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France
    BMC Evol Biol 5:63. 2005
  7. pmc A maximum pseudo-likelihood approach for estimating species trees under the coalescent model
    Liang Liu
    Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Delaware State University, Dover, DE 19901, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 10:302. 2010
  8. pmc High-resolution species trees without concatenation
    Scott V Edwards
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:5936-41. 2007
  9. pmc Phylogenetics of modern birds in the era of genomics
    Scott V Edwards
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 272:979-92. 2005
  10. pmc Speciation in birds: genes, geography, and sexual selection
    Scott V Edwards
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:6550-7. 2005

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. pmc The evolution of intron size in amniotes: a role for powered flight?
    Qu Zhang
    Department of Human Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Genome Biol Evol 4:1033-43. 2012
    ..In conclusion, we found that the evolution of intron size in amniotes appears to be non-neutral, is correlated with genome size, and is likely influenced by powered flight and associated high metabolic rates...
  2. pmc Ultrafast evolution and loss of CRISPRs following a host shift in a novel wildlife pathogen, Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Nigel F Delaney
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    PLoS Genet 8:e1002511. 2012
    ..Our results suggest that genome evolution in bacterial pathogens of wild birds can be extremely rapid and in this case is accompanied by apparent functional loss of CRISPRs...
  3. ncbi request reprint Next-generation QTL mapping: crowdsourcing SNPs, without pedigrees
    Scott V Edwards
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Mol Ecol 22:3885-87. 2013
    ....
  4. pmc Major histocompatibility complex class I evolution in songbirds: universal primers, rapid evolution and base compositional shifts in exon 3
    Miguel Alcaide
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Peerj 1:e86. 2013
    ..Our primers represent a useful tool for the characterization of functional and evolutionarily relevant MHC variation across the hyperdiverse songbirds...
  5. pmc Sequencing three crocodilian genomes to illuminate the evolution of archosaurs and amniotes
    John A St John
    Institute for Genomics, Biocomputing and Biotechnology, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
    Genome Biol 13:415. 2012
    ..The status of these projects and our planned analyses are described...
  6. pmc Exploration of phylogenetic data using a global sequence analysis method
    Charles Chapus
    Equipe de Bioinformatique Genomique et Moleculaire, INSERM U 726, case 7113, Tour 53 54, 2 place Jussieu, 75005 Paris, France
    BMC Evol Biol 5:63. 2005
    ..The tremendous increase in molecular data permits phylogenetic analyses of very long sequences and of many species, but also requires methods to help manage large datasets...
  7. pmc A maximum pseudo-likelihood approach for estimating species trees under the coalescent model
    Liang Liu
    Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Delaware State University, Dover, DE 19901, USA
    BMC Evol Biol 10:302. 2010
    ..In this paper, we develop a pseudo-likelihood function of the species tree to obtain maximum pseudo-likelihood estimates (MPE) of species trees, with branch lengths of the species tree in coalescent units...
  8. pmc High-resolution species trees without concatenation
    Scott V Edwards
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:5936-41. 2007
    ..These results make accessible an alternative paradigm for combining data in phylogenomics that focuses attention on the singularity of species histories and away from the idiosyncrasies and multiplicities of individual gene histories...
  9. pmc Phylogenetics of modern birds in the era of genomics
    Scott V Edwards
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 272:979-92. 2005
    ....
  10. pmc Speciation in birds: genes, geography, and sexual selection
    Scott V Edwards
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:6550-7. 2005
    ....
  11. doi request reprint Is a new and general theory of molecular systematics emerging?
    Scott V Edwards
    Museum of Comparative Zoology and Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Evolution 63:1-19. 2009
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Estimating species trees using multiple-allele DNA sequence data
    Liang Liu
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Evolution 62:2080-91. 2008
    ..The Bayesian approach described here provides a powerful framework for statistical testing and integration of population genetics and phylogenetics...
  13. ncbi request reprint Speciational history of Australian grass finches (Poephila) inferred from thirty gene trees
    W Bryan Jennings
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Evolution 59:2033-47. 2005
    ..Although the errors around the population size parameter estimates are considerable, they are the first for birds taking into account multiple sources of variance...
  14. ncbi request reprint Divergence across Australia's Carpentarian barrier: statistical phylogeography of the red-backed fairy wren (Malurus melanocephalus)
    June Y Lee
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Evolution 62:3117-34. 2008
    ..By contrast, gene flow between the CY and the TE populations has been dampened by divergence across the Carpentarian barrier...
  15. doi request reprint Estimating species phylogenies using coalescence times among sequences
    Liang Liu
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Syst Biol 58:468-77. 2009
    ..Two real genomic data sets were analyzed by the 2 methods and produced species trees that are consistent with previous results...
  16. pmc The Anolis lizard genome: an amniote genome without isochores
    Matthew K Fujita
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
    Genome Biol Evol 3:974-84. 2011
    ..Our results demonstrate that GC composition in Anolis is not associated with important features of genome structure, including gene density and intron size, in contrast to patterns seen in mammal and bird genomes...
  17. pmc Phylogenomics of nonavian reptiles and the structure of the ancestral amniote genome
    Andrew M Shedlock
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:2767-72. 2007
    ..The sequences reported in this paper have been deposited in the GenBank database (accession nos. CZ 250707-CZ 257443 and DX 390731-DX 389174)...
  18. doi request reprint Innate immunity and the evolution of resistance to an emerging infectious disease in a wild bird
    Camille Bonneaud
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Mol Ecol 21:2628-39. 2012
    ..These observations suggest population differences in the temporal course of the response to infection with MG and imply that innate immune processes were targets of selection in response to MG in the eastern U.S. population...
  19. doi request reprint Amniote phylogenomics: testing evolutionary hypotheses with BAC library scanning and targeted clone analysis of large-scale DNA sequences from reptiles
    Andrew M Shedlock
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
    Methods Mol Biol 422:91-117. 2008
    ..Taken together, the genome scanning and shotgun sequencing techniques offer complementary diagnostic potential and can substantially increase the scale and power of analyses aimed at testing evolutionary hypotheses for nonmodel species...
  20. ncbi request reprint Coalescent methods for estimating phylogenetic trees
    Liang Liu
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 53:320-8. 2009
    ..In addition, further elaboration of the simplest of coalescent models will be required to incorporate commonly known issues such as deviation from the molecular clock, gene flow and other genetic forces...
  21. pmc Genome evolution in Reptilia: in silico chicken mapping of 12,000 BAC-end sequences from two reptiles and a basal bird
    Charles Chapus
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    BMC Genomics 10:S8. 2009
    ....
  22. doi request reprint Genome evolution in Reptilia, the sister group of mammals
    DANIEL E JANES
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Annu Rev Genomics Hum Genet 11:239-64. 2010
    ..Reptilia exhibit a wide range of evolutionary rates of different subgenomes and, from isochores to mitochondrial DNA, provide a critical contrast to the genomic paradigms established in mammals...
  23. ncbi request reprint Multilocus phylogeography and phylogenetics using sequence-based markers
    Patrícia H Brito
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Genetica 135:439-55. 2009
    ..Whole genomes provide a powerful common yardstick on which both phylogeography and phylogenetics can assume their proper place as ends of a continuum...
  24. doi request reprint Introgression and phenotypic assimilation in Zimmerius flycatchers (Tyrannidae): population genetic and phylogenetic inferences from genome-wide SNPs
    Frank E Rheindt
    Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore 117543 Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA Museum of Comparative Zoology, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA and Department of Biology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
    Syst Biol 63:134-52. 2014
    ..Introgression of key alleles may have led to phenotypic assimilation in the plumage of mosaic birds, suggesting that selection may have been a key factor facilitating introgression. ..
  25. pmc Gene duplication and fragmentation in the zebra finch major histocompatibility complex
    Christopher N Balakrishnan
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    BMC Biol 8:29. 2010
    ....
  26. pmc The genome of the green anole lizard and a comparative analysis with birds and mammals
    Jessica Alföldi
    Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, USA
    Nature 477:587-91. 2011
    ..Comparative gene analysis shows that amniote egg proteins have evolved significantly more rapidly than other proteins. An anole phylogeny resolves basal branches to illuminate the history of their repeated adaptive radiations...
  27. doi request reprint Molecular evolution of the toll-like receptor multigene family in birds
    Miguel Alcaide
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Muscat
    Mol Biol Evol 28:1703-15. 2011
    ....
  28. doi request reprint High gene flow on a continental scale in the polyandrous Kentish plover Charadrius alexandrinus
    Clemens Küpper
    Museum of Comparative Zoology and Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Mol Ecol 21:5864-79. 2012
    ..Adult males were more related than females within genetic clusters. Taken together, our results suggest a prominent role for polyandrous females in maintaining genetic homogeneity across large geographic distances...
  29. doi request reprint A species tree for the Australo-Papuan Fairy-wrens and allies (Aves: Maluridae)
    June Y Lee
    Museum of Comparative Zoology and Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Syst Biol 61:253-71. 2012
    ..Our study shows that ILS is common at the family level in birds yet, despite this, species tree methods converge on broadly similar results for this family...
  30. pmc Nucleotide variation, linkage disequilibrium and founder-facilitated speciation in wild populations of the zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata)
    Christopher N Balakrishnan
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachussetts 02138, USA
    Genetics 181:645-60. 2009
    ..Our analysis provides a quantitative framework for studying the role of selection and drift in shaping patterns of molecular evolution in the zebra finch genome...
  31. ncbi request reprint Origin of avian genome size and structure in non-avian dinosaurs
    Chris L Organ
    Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USA
    Nature 446:180-4. 2007
    ..These genomic characteristics should be added to the list of attributes previously considered avian but now thought to have arisen in non-avian dinosaurs, such as feathers, pulmonary innovations, and parental care and nesting...
  32. pmc Recombination and nucleotide diversity in the sex chromosomal pseudoautosomal region of the emu, Dromaius novaehollandiae
    DANIEL E JANES
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Hered 100:125-36. 2009
    ..This study provides a snapshot of the population genetics of avian sex chromosomes at an early stage of differentiation...
  33. doi request reprint Tangled trees: the challenge of inferring species trees from coalescent and noncoalescent genes
    Christian N K Anderson
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
    Methods Mol Biol 856:3-28. 2012
    ....
  34. pmc Sex chromosome evolution in amniotes: applications for bacterial artificial chromosome libraries
    DANIEL E JANES
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    J Biomed Biotechnol 2011:132975. 2011
    ..Here, we review studies of sex chromosome evolution in amniotes and the ways in which the field of research has been affected by the advent of BAC libraries...
  35. ncbi request reprint A house finch (Haemorhous mexicanus) spleen transcriptome reveals intra- and interspecific patterns of gene expression, alternative splicing and genetic diversity in passerines
    Qu Zhang
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology OEB, Museum of Comparative Zoology MCZ, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    BMC Genomics 15:305. 2014
    ..As part of our ongoing efforts to make available genomic resources for this species, here we report a transcriptome assembly derived from genes expressed in spleen...
  36. pmc Rapid evolution of disease resistance is accompanied by functional changes in gene expression in a wild bird
    Camille Bonneaud
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:7866-71. 2011
    ..We hypothesize that host resistance arose and spread from standing genetic variation in the eastern US and highlight that natural selection can lead to rapid phenotypic evolution in populations when acting on such variation...
  37. doi request reprint Evidence from a house finch (Haemorhous mexicanus) spleen transcriptome for adaptive evolution and biased gene conversion in passerine birds
    Niclas Backstrom
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University
    Mol Biol Evol 30:1046-50. 2013
    ..These data also showed that genes exhibiting signs of positive selection and fast evolution in passerines have functional roles related to fat metabolism, neurodevelopment, and ion binding...
  38. pmc Molecular and paleontological evidence for a post-Cretaceous origin of rodents
    Shaoyuan Wu
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e46445. 2012
    ..The example of the present study suggests that more reliable fossil calibration points may represent the key to resolving these controversies...
  39. ncbi request reprint Characterization, chromosomal location, and genomic neighborhood of a ratite ortholog of a gene with gonadal expression in mammals
    DANIEL E JANES
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA Comparative Genomics Group, Research School of Biological Sciences, Australian National University, PO Box 475, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia
    Integr Comp Biol 48:505-11. 2008
    ..Future experimentation will report the expression of SubA in ratites, other birds, and nonavian reptiles...
  40. pmc Conflict between genetic and phenotypic differentiation: the evolutionary history of a 'lost and rediscovered' shorebird
    Frank E Rheindt
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e26995. 2011
    ..Alternatively, gene expression differences may be crucial in producing different phenotypes whereas neutral differentiation may be lagging behind...
  41. pmc Temporal increase in organic mercury in an endangered pelagic seabird assessed by century-old museum specimens
    Anh Thu E Vo
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:7466-71. 2011
    ..These data show that remote seabird colonies in the Pacific basin exhibit temporal changes in methylmercury levels consistent with historical global and recent regional increases in anthropogenic emissions...
  42. ncbi request reprint Three tiers of genome evolution in reptiles
    Chris L Organ
    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Integr Comp Biol 48:494-504. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that the mode of reptilian genome evolution varies across three hierarchical levels of the genome, a pattern consistent with a mosaic model of genomic evolution...
  43. doi request reprint Extensive polymorphism and geographical variation at a positively selected MHC class II B gene of the lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni)
    Miguel Alcaide
    Estación Biológica de Doñana CSIC Pabellón de Perú, Avenida Maria Luisa s n 41013, Sevilla, Spain
    Mol Ecol 17:2652-65. 2008
    ..Our results therefore underscore the role of balancing selection as well as spatial variations in parasite-mediated selection regimes in shaping MHC diversity when gene flow is limited...
  44. ncbi request reprint Hitchhiking and recombination in birds: evidence from Mhc-linked and unlinked loci in Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus)
    Scott V Edwards
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Genet Res 84:175-92. 2004
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Reconciling actual and inferred population histories in the house finch (Carpodacus mexicanus) by AFLP analysis
    Zhenshan Wang
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Evolution 57:2852-64. 2003
    ..Our results indicate that AFLPs are a useful tool for population genetic and evolutionary studies of birds, particularly as a prelude to finding molecular markers linked to traits subjected to recent adaptive evolution...
  46. ncbi request reprint A genomic schism in birds revealed by phylogenetic analysis of DNA strings
    Scott V Edwards
    Department of Zoology and Burke Museum, University of Washington, Box 351800, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    Syst Biol 51:599-613. 2002
    ..Despite clear problems with phylogenetic analysis of genomic signatures, our study raises intriguing issues about the biological and genomic differences that fundamentally differentiate paleognaths and neognaths...
  47. doi request reprint A smörgåsbord of markers for avian ecology and evolution
    Scott V Edwards
    Mol Ecol 17:945-6. 2008
    ..These resources pave the way for easy multilocus study of evolving populations and lineages of birds, and bring the goal of quickly turning nonmodel species in to ecological genomic models tantalizingly close...
  48. ncbi request reprint Tuatara (Sphenodon) genomics: BAC library construction, sequence survey, and application to the DMRT gene family
    Zhenshan Wang
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    J Hered 97:541-8. 2006
    ..A deep coverage contig spanning nearly 300 kb was generated, supporting the deep coverage and utility of the library for exploring tuatara genomics...
  49. ncbi request reprint Evolutionary genetics of Carpodacus mexicanus, a recently colonized host of a bacterial pathogen, Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Christopher M Hess
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    Genetica 129:217-25. 2007
    ..These results will be further expanded using experimental studies as well as examination of evolution of the pathogen genome itself...
  50. ncbi request reprint Evolution into and out of the Andes: a Bayesian analysis of historical diversification in Thamnophilus antshrikes
    Robb T Brumfield
    Museum of Natural Science, 119 Foster Hall, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803, USA
    Evolution 61:346-67. 2007
    ..These results highlight the need for additional comparative studies in elucidating processes associated with the colonization of high-elevation habitats and the differentiation of populations within them...
  51. ncbi request reprint A phylogeny of the megapodes (Aves: Megapodiidae) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences
    Sharon M Birks
    University of Washington, Burke Museum, Seattle 98195 3010, USA
    Mol Phylogenet Evol 23:408-21. 2002
    ..It differs significantly from previous hypotheses based on morphology but is consistent with affiliations suggested by a recent study of parasitic chewing lice...
  52. pmc Mid-Pleistocene divergence of Cuban and North American ivory-billed woodpeckers
    Robert C Fleischer
    Genetics Program, National Museum of Natural History and National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20008, USA
    Biol Lett 2:466-9. 2006
    ..Our sequences of all three woodpeckers also provide an important DNA barcoding resource for identification of non-invasive samples or remains of these critically endangered and charismatic woodpeckers...
  53. ncbi request reprint Patterns of variation in MHC class II beta loci of the little greenbul (Andropadus virens) with comments on MHC evolution in birds
    Andres Aguilar
    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    J Hered 97:133-42. 2006
    ..virens genomic or transcribed MHC sequences. The use of conserved MHC primers followed by analysis of cloned sequences allows rapid isolation of MHC loci from exotic species and avoids laborious large-scale cloning and sequencing...
  54. ncbi request reprint Characterization, polymorphism, and evolution of MHC class II B genes in birds of prey
    Miguel Alcaide
    Estacion Biologica de Donana, CSIC Pabellón de Perú, Avda Ma Luisa s n, 41013, Sevilla, Spain
    J Mol Evol 65:541-54. 2007
    ..Finally, through interlocus comparisons and phylogenetic analysis, we also discuss genetic evidence for concerted and transspecies evolution in the raptor MHC...
  55. doi request reprint Ecology of avian influenza virus in birds
    Douglas Causey
    Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alaska Anchorage, Anchorage, AK 99508, USA
    J Infect Dis 197:S29-33. 2008
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint A cDNA macroarray approach to parasite-induced gene expression changes in a songbird host: genetic response of house finches to experimental infection by Mycoplasma gallisepticum
    Zhenshan Wang
    Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
    Mol Ecol 15:1263-73. 2006
    ..Our results and macroarray resources provide a foundation for molecular co-evolutionary studies of the Mycoplasma parasite and its recently colonized avian host...