Moshe Bar

Summary

Affiliation: Harvard University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Cortical mechanisms specific to explicit visual object recognition
    M Bar
    Massachusetts General Hospital, NMR Center, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Neuron 29:529-35. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint The proactive brain: using analogies and associations to generate predictions
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:280-9. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Visual elements of subjective preference modulate amygdala activation
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at MGH, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth St, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:2191-200. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint The units of thought
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    Hippocampus 17:420-8. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Very first impressions
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Emotion 6:269-78. 2006
  6. pmc Scenes unseen: the parahippocampal cortex intrinsically subserves contextual associations, not scenes or places per se
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    J Neurosci 28:8539-44. 2008
  7. pmc Top-down facilitation of visual recognition
    M Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:449-54. 2006
  8. pmc The proactive brain: memory for predictions
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1235-43. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Visual objects in context
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:617-29. 2004
  10. pmc A cognitive neuroscience hypothesis of mood and depression
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:456-63. 2009

Detail Information

Publications30

  1. ncbi request reprint Cortical mechanisms specific to explicit visual object recognition
    M Bar
    Massachusetts General Hospital, NMR Center, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Neuron 29:529-35. 2001
    ..The results presented here provide new insights into the processes underlying explicit object recognition, as well as the analysis that takes place immediately before and after recognition is possible...
  2. ncbi request reprint The proactive brain: using analogies and associations to generate predictions
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:280-9. 2007
    ..This cognitive neuroscience framework can help explain a variety of phenomena, ranging from recognition to first impressions, and from the brain's 'default mode' to a host of mental disorders...
  3. ncbi request reprint Visual elements of subjective preference modulate amygdala activation
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at MGH, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth St, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Neuropsychologia 45:2191-200. 2007
    ..Our brains might be organized to extract these basic contour elements rapidly for deriving an early warning signal in the presence of potential danger...
  4. ncbi request reprint The units of thought
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    Hippocampus 17:420-8. 2007
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Very first impressions
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Emotion 6:269-78. 2006
    ..The authors propose that low spatial frequencies mediate this swift formation of threat judgments and provide evidence that supports this hypothesis...
  6. pmc Scenes unseen: the parahippocampal cortex intrinsically subserves contextual associations, not scenes or places per se
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    J Neurosci 28:8539-44. 2008
    ....
  7. pmc Top-down facilitation of visual recognition
    M Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:449-54. 2006
    ..Taken together, the dynamics we revealed provide strong support for the proposal of how top-down facilitation of object recognition is initiated, and our observations are used to derive predictions for future research...
  8. pmc The proactive brain: memory for predictions
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 364:1235-43. 2009
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Visual objects in context
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:617-29. 2004
  10. pmc A cognitive neuroscience hypothesis of mood and depression
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 13:456-63. 2009
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Cortical analysis of visual context
    Moshe Bar
    NMR Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Neuron 38:347-58. 2003
    ..Attributing contextual analysis to these two areas, instead, provides a framework for bridging between previous reports...
  12. ncbi request reprint Viewpoint dependency in visual object recognition does not necessarily imply viewer-centered representation
    M Bar
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Massachusetts General Hospital, MA 02138, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 13:793-9. 2001
    ..New experimental paradigms are required to study the validity of the viewer-centered approach...
  13. ncbi request reprint Integrated contextual representation for objects' identities and their locations
    Nurit Gronau
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:371-88. 2008
    ..Such context frames are useful in maintaining a coherent and meaningful representation of the visual world, and in providing a platform from which predictions can be generated to facilitate perception and action...
  14. doi request reprint Cultural specificity in amygdala response to fear faces
    Joan Y Chiao
    Department of Psychology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:2167-74. 2008
    ..This finding provides novel and surprising evidence of cultural tuning in an automatic neural response...
  15. pmc The cortical underpinnings of context-based memory distortion
    Elissa Aminoff
    Harvard University, MA, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:2226-37. 2008
    ..This phenomenon was reflected by activity in the cortical network mediating contextual processing, which provides a better understanding of how the brain represents and processes context...
  16. ncbi request reprint Magnocellular projections as the trigger of top-down facilitation in recognition
    Kestutis Kveraga
    Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, Massachusetts 02129, USA
    J Neurosci 27:13232-40. 2007
    ....
  17. pmc Affective value and associative processing share a cortical substrate
    Amitai Shenhav
    Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 13:46-59. 2013
    ..These results may further point to a fundamental relationship between associativity and positive affect...
  18. ncbi request reprint Famous faces activate contextual associations in the parahippocampal cortex
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:1233-8. 2008
    ..Taken collectively, these findings indicate that the PHC should be regarded as mediating contextual associations in general and not necessarily spatial or episodic information...
  19. ncbi request reprint Top-down facilitation of visual object recognition: object-based and context-based contributions
    Mark J Fenske
    MGH Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Prog Brain Res 155:3-21. 2006
    ....
  20. pmc Visual prediction and perceptual expertise
    Olivia S Cheung
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Int J Psychophysiol 83:156-63. 2012
    ..The knowledge gained by this line of research will have implications for visual cognition research, and will advance our understanding of how the human brain can improve its ability to predict by learning from experience...
  21. ncbi request reprint The influence of nonremembered affective associations on preference
    Avniel S Ghuman
    Martinos Center at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard University, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Emotion 6:215-23. 2006
    ..The authors propose that the preference for negatively associated items is a manifestation of a mechanism that produces an inherent incentive for rapidly assessing potentially threatening aspects in the environment...
  22. pmc Early onset of neural synchronization in the contextual associations network
    Kestutis Kveraga
    Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:3389-94. 2011
    ..These results describe the neural dynamics of context processing and suggest that context is activated early during object perception...
  23. pmc The rise and fall of priming: how visual exposure shapes cortical representations of objects
    Laure Zago
    Martinos Imaging Center at MGH, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Cereb Cortex 15:1655-65. 2005
    ..These two independent mechanisms complement each other in shaping object representations with experience...
  24. pmc Top-down predictions in the cognitive brain
    Kestutis Kveraga
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at the Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 149 Thirteen Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Brain Cogn 65:145-68. 2007
    ..We then discuss the extension of the general principles of this proposal to other cognitive domains...
  25. ncbi request reprint Humans prefer curved visual objects
    Moshe Bar
    Martinos Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Psychol Sci 17:645-8. 2006
    ..Our results were consistent with this hypothesis. The type of contour a visual object possesses--whether the contour is sharp angled or curved--has a critical influence on people's attitude toward that object...
  26. pmc Preference for symmetry: only on mars?
    Kathrine Shepherd
    Martinos Center at MGH, 149 Thirteenth Street, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Perception 40:1254-6. 2011
    ..Further studies are needed to elucidate the utility of the male preference for visual object symmetry...
  27. ncbi request reprint A cortical mechanism for triggering top-down facilitation in visual object recognition
    Moshe Bar
    NMR Center at MGH, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 15:600-9. 2003
    ..Furthermore, such a rapid mechanism may provide critical information when a quick response is necessary...
  28. ncbi request reprint The parahippocampal cortex mediates spatial and nonspatial associations
    E Aminoff
    Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging at MGH, Harvard Medical School, Cahrlestown, MA 02129, USA
    Cereb Cortex 17:1493-503. 2007
    ..By modifying the existing view of the PHC function accordingly, the seemingly contradicting processes that activate it can be reconciled under one overarching framework...
  29. ncbi request reprint One-shot viewpoint invariance in matching novel objects
    I Biederman
    Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles 90089 2520, USA
    Vision Res 39:2885-99. 1999
    ..NAPs offer a striking advantage over MPs for object classification and are therefore more likely to play a central role in the representation of objects...
  30. pmc The effects of priming on frontal-temporal communication
    Avniel S Ghuman
    Athinoula A Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital Massachusetts Institute of Technology Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:8405-9. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that object repetition results in enhanced interactions between brain regions, which facilitates performance and reduces processing demands on the regions involved...

Research Grants11

  1. Top-down Cortical Facilitation
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Prefrontal -> Top Down Contribution to Object Recognition
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..Lastly, the proposed DTI experiments can contribute insights for the treatment of demyelination diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. ..
  3. Prefrontal -> Top Down Contribution to Object Recognition
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Lastly, the proposed DTI experiments can contribute insights for the treatment of demyelination diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. ..
  4. Contextual Predictions Facilitate Visual Cognition
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Contextual Predictions Facilitate Visual Cognition
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Contextual Predictions Facilitate Visual Cognition
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Top-down Cortical Facilitation
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  8. Top-down Cortical Facilitation
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  9. Top-down Cortical Facilitation
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  10. A Cognitive Neuroscience Framework for Understanding and Treating Mood Disorders
    Moshe Bar; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....