G G Hallock

Summary

Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Preservation of lower extremity amputation length using muscle perforator free flaps
    G G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals and Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 61:643-7. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint Why not indirect nonmuscle perforator flaps?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital
    Plast Reconstr Surg 118:121-4. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint The preexpanded anterolateral thigh free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 53:170-3. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Conventional liposuction-assisted debulking of muscle perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania 118103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 53:39-43. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint The complete classification of flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Microsurgery 24:157-61. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Long-term superiority of composite versus muscle-only free flaps for skull coverage
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 52:507-10; discussion 510-1. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Further clarification of the nomenclature for compound flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:151e-160e. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Is there a "learning curve" for muscle perforator flaps?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 60:146-9. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint The medial sural MEDIAL GASTROCNEMIUS perforator free flap: an 'ideal' prone position skin flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 52:184-7. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint The conjoint medial circumflex femoral perforator and gracilis muscle free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 113:339-46. 2004

Detail Information

Publications80

  1. doi request reprint Preservation of lower extremity amputation length using muscle perforator free flaps
    G G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals and Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 61:643-7. 2008
    ..They can be sensate if desired. Of course, muscle function is by definition preserved. Complications are minimal and usually related to the reason for the amputation in the first place...
  2. ncbi request reprint Why not indirect nonmuscle perforator flaps?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital
    Plast Reconstr Surg 118:121-4. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint The preexpanded anterolateral thigh free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 53:170-3. 2004
    ..This has been achieved successfully in 2 compliant patients, and is a reasonable solution to minimize the morbidity of this otherwise important donor site...
  4. ncbi request reprint Conventional liposuction-assisted debulking of muscle perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania 118103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 53:39-43. 2004
    ..Thus, the timing of muscle perforator flap debulking could then be critical. Although that averaged 9.1 months (range, 3-15 months) after flap transfer in this series, the observed ischemia occurred at both ends of this spectrum...
  5. ncbi request reprint The complete classification of flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Microsurgery 24:157-61. 2004
    ..Several examples are given to illustrate how the complete classification of every free flap can be possible in a reproducible and highly interpretable fashion...
  6. ncbi request reprint Long-term superiority of composite versus muscle-only free flaps for skull coverage
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 52:507-10; discussion 510-1. 2004
    ..Thus, it must be suggested that either a composite flap or a known thick muscle should be chosen initially if a permanent trouble-free outcome is to be expected...
  7. ncbi request reprint Further clarification of the nomenclature for compound flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 117:151e-160e. 2006
    ..3. Appreciate that minor technical modifications of known flaps of any type in general do not necessarily create a new category of flap...
  8. doi request reprint Is there a "learning curve" for muscle perforator flaps?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 60:146-9. 2008
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint The medial sural MEDIAL GASTROCNEMIUS perforator free flap: an 'ideal' prone position skin flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 52:184-7. 2004
    ..This approach has been used in 5 clinical cases, with success except once when the flap was aborted as a result of anatomic anomalies, which is always a concern with muscle perforator flaps...
  10. ncbi request reprint The conjoint medial circumflex femoral perforator and gracilis muscle free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 113:339-46. 2004
  11. ncbi request reprint Turnover TRAM flap as a diaphragmatic patch
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Department of Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA 18103, UA
    Ann Plast Surg 52:93-6. 2004
    ..Via a tunnel leading into the chest cavity, a deepithelialized TRAM flap can readily reach basilar thoracic defects, and[U0292] thus is particularly suited as an autogenous patch for the diaphragm...
  12. ncbi request reprint Lower extremity muscle perforator flaps for lower extremity reconstruction
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 114:1123-30. 2004
    ..The choice of a lower extremity muscle perforator flap for lower extremity reconstruction limited the surgical intervention and morbidity to a single body region...
  13. doi request reprint The combined parascapular fasciocutaneous and latissimus dorsi muscle conjoined free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 121:101-7. 2008
    ..If the vascular pedicles are branches of a common source vessel, even more specifically this combination would be a "branch-based [common]" conjoined flap...
  14. ncbi request reprint The pectoralis major muscle extended island flap for complete obliteration of the median sternotomy wound
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals and Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 59:655-8. 2007
    ..This has proven to be a reliable option that alone allows complete closure of the median sternotomy wound while avoiding the need for combined flaps with preservation of the rectus abdominis muscle...
  15. ncbi request reprint The propeller flap version of the adductor muscle perforator flap for coverage of ischial or trochanteric pressure sores
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 56:540-2. 2006
    ..If designed as a propeller flap, this version after rotation will cover the defect and simultaneously allow direct donor-site closure to avoid the need for a skin graft...
  16. ncbi request reprint Scrotal reconstruction following fournier gangrene using the medial circumflex femoral artery perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 57:333-5. 2006
    ..As with all muscle perforator flaps, no muscle need be expended. A case report illustrates the role of the MCFAP flap for creation of a neoscrotum...
  17. ncbi request reprint Muscle perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, 1230 S Cedar Crest Boulevard, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 58:27-33. 2007
  18. ncbi request reprint The proximal pedicled anterolateral thigh flap for lower limb coverage
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 55:466-9. 2005
    ..The orthograde pedicled anterolateral thigh muscle perforator flap should be considered as another useful alternative for any upper thigh wound if a flap is essential...
  19. ncbi request reprint The superior epigastric(RECTUS ABDOMINIS) muscle perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA
    Ann Plast Surg 55:430-2. 2005
    ..This prophecy has now become a reality in this first report where a superior epigastric(RECTUS ABDOMINIS) muscle perforator flap was used successfully as a local flap to close a chest defect...
  20. ncbi request reprint Free-flap salvage of soft tissue complications following the lateral approach to the calcaneus
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 58:179-81. 2007
    ..The anterior tibial/dorsalis pedis axis served as the usual recipient site (87.5%) for microanastomosis. Fixation hardware was retained whenever possible. All limbs were ultimately salvaged to allow reasonable ambulation...
  21. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of venous supercharging of the deep inferior epigastric perforator flap in a rat model
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Advanced Clinical Technologies, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 116:551-5; discussion 556. 2005
    ..On an empiric basis, their salvage has been accomplished by augmenting venous drainage through alternative outflow tracts. The validity of this clinical maneuver can now best be tested in a rat DIEP flap model...
  22. ncbi request reprint Rigid fixation of the sternum using a new coupled titanium transverse plate fixation system
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 58:640-4. 2007
    ..One patient had delayed removal of an infected plate after sternal union was achieved...
  23. ncbi request reprint The Venus de Milo: an icon of reconstructive surgery and the American Society of Plastic Surgeons
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 115:2074-9. 2005
  24. ncbi request reprint The medial sural(MEDIAL GASTROCNEMIUS) perforator local flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    From the Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 53:501-5. 2004
    ..Both are alternatives to the more traditional medial gastrocnemius muscle flap and, because this is a true muscle perforator flap, function is always preserved...
  25. ncbi request reprint Restoration of quadriceps femoris function with a dynamic microsurgical free latissimus dorsi muscle transfer
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 52:89-92. 2004
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint The medial circumflex femoral (gracilis) local perforator flap--a local medial groin perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 51:460-4. 2003
    ....
  27. doi request reprint The island anterior intercostal artery perforator flap as another option for the difficult epigastric abdominal wound
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 63:414-7. 2009
    ....
  28. doi request reprint In an era of perforator flaps, are muscle flaps passé?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 123:1357-63. 2009
    ..Are muscle flaps on a downhill course to obsolescence? The answer most simply is--never...
  29. doi request reprint The mathematical basis of adjunctive techniques for enhancement of vessel caliber to maximize coupler ring size for microanastomoses
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 26:471-4. 2010
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Partial failure of a muscle perforator free flap salvaged using its source vessel as a "flow-through" pedicle to a second perforator free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 26:509-12. 2010
    ..In a metachronous fashion, this would represent a sequential chimeric perforator-based free flap and proves to be yet another inherent advantage of muscle perforator flaps...
  31. doi request reprint The integration of muscle perforator flaps into a community-based private practice
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Clin Plast Surg 37:607-14, vi. 2010
    ....
  32. doi request reprint The island thoracoacromial artery muscle perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 66:168-71. 2011
    ..Two clinical examples using the island thoracoacromial artery perforator flap prove that this can sometimes be a viable option also for head and neck reconstruction...
  33. doi request reprint Skin grafts and local flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, St Luke s Hospital, Bethlehem, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 127:5e-22e. 2011
    ..Whether one is a "reconstructive" or "aesthetic" plastic surgeon, knowledge of these basic tenets will ensure maintenance of competency...
  34. doi request reprint The complete nomenclature for combined perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospital, and St Luke s Hospital, Allentown and Bethlehem, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 127:1720-9. 2011
    ..Perforator flaps have become a new alternative for achieving this same objective. As this latter genre evolves, it is reasonable to also expect the development of combined perforator flaps...
  35. doi request reprint Acoustic Doppler sonography, color duplex ultrasound, and laser Doppler flowmetry as tools for successful autologous breast reconstruction
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Clin Plast Surg 38:203-11. 2011
    ..Laser Doppler flowmetry provides a reasonable system for both intraoperative and post-procedure objective monitoring of the chosen tissue transfer...
  36. doi request reprint A buried interpolated local fasciocutaneous flap for tension-free closure of the chronic olecranon wound
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 62:630-2. 2009
    ..Over the past year, this maneuver in 4 patients has proven to be a satisfactory outpatient procedure with rapid healing, minimal complications, and ultimately full restoration of elbow motion...
  37. doi request reprint Attributes and shortcomings of acoustic Doppler sonography in identifying perforators for flaps from the lower extremity
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 25:377-81. 2009
    ..Regardless of the modality employed, the efficacious harvest of a perforator flap will still require constant vigilance during its dissection due to anatomic anomalies of the course of these perforators, which is the expected norm...
  38. doi request reprint A primer of schematics to facilitate the design of the preferred muscle perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 123:1107-15. 2009
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Muscle perforator flaps: the name game
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, 1230 S Cedar Crest Boulevard, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 51:630-2. 2003
    ..Such a combination immediately readily identifies the precise anatomical location of the flap, as well as stating exactly which vascular pedicle must be dissected...
  40. ncbi request reprint The gracilis (medial circumflex femoral) perforator flap: a medial groin free flap?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, 1230 S Cedar Crest Boulevard, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 51:623-6. 2003
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Sequential use of a true perforator flap and its corresponding muscle flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, 1230 S Cedar Crest Boulevard, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 51:617-20; discussion 621-2. 2003
    ..At least theoretically, depending on the extent of intramuscular dissection, another advantage that can be applied to all perforator flaps is that the muscle can be held in reserve for sequential use as necessary...
  42. doi request reprint Branch-based conjoined perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 121:1642-9. 2008
    ....
  43. doi request reprint Chimeric gastrocnemius muscle and sural artery perforator local flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 61:306-9. 2008
    ..This is yet another new example of branch-based chimeric flaps, where the cutaneous component is a muscle perforator flap...
  44. pmc Preservation of hand function using muscle perforator flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Hand (N Y) 4:38-43. 2009
    ..As is shown here in a series of nine muscle perforator flaps in eight patients, these represent yet another alternative that should be considered if selection of a free flap is indicated to maintain hand function...
  45. ncbi request reprint Doppler sonography and color duplex imaging for planning a perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, 1230 South Cedar Crest Boulevard, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Clin Plast Surg 30:347-57, v-vi. 2003
    ..Nevertheless, with the current state of technology, Doppler sonography remains a more rapid, convenient, and simpler method for perforator localization...
  46. doi request reprint An introduction to the chimeric deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEAP)-rectus abdominis muscle flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Sacred Heart and The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 61:580-3. 2008
    ....
  47. doi request reprint The vascular pedicle of the anterolateral thigh flap as an alternative recipient site for thigh free flaps
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18103, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 24:131-6. 2008
    ..This has proven to be an invaluable resource as demonstrated in two clinical cases...
  48. ncbi request reprint Venae comitantes as a source of vein grafts
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 23:219-23. 2007
    ..By way of example, these can be venae comitantes of the free flap itself, or via salvage of parts using a vena comitans that accompanied a major limb source vessel...
  49. ncbi request reprint The breast musculocutaneous flap for complete coverage of the median sternotomy wound
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 112:199-203. 2003
  50. ncbi request reprint Anatomic basis of the gastrocnemius perforator-based flap
    G G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 47:517-22. 2001
    ..Otherwise, a more traditional posterior calf fasciocutaneous flap was possible. Other deeper intramuscular collaterals were also identified so that sequential use of the muscle as a separate flap does not seem to be compromised...
  51. ncbi request reprint Physiological studies using laser Doppler flowmetry to compare blood flow to the zones of the free TRAM flap
    G G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 47:229-33. 2001
    ..These findings were consistent with anatomic descriptions of the lower TRAM flap that imply that the DIEA is the dominant source vessel to the skin of this region...
  52. ncbi request reprint Direct and indirect perforator flaps: the history and the controversy
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 111:855-65; quiz 866. 2003
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Sagittal split tibialis anterior muscle flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 49:39-43. 2002
    ..This as a variation of the latter, if possible, not only is more expedient to implement but also better preserves the microcirculation of the muscle to ensure viability...
  54. ncbi request reprint Comparison of TRAM and DIEP flap physiology in a rat model
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery and the Advanced Clinical Technologies Department, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 114:1179-84. 2004
    ..183). In summary, relative flow to these rat ventral abdomen models was directly proportional to the number of retained musculocutaneous perforators, but a single perforator only could routinely allow near-total survival...
  55. ncbi request reprint Metachronous flaps from the same subscapular axis
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, 1230 South Cedar Crest Blvd, Suite 306, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 109:2424-30. 2002
  56. ncbi request reprint Facial reconstruction using a combined flap of the subscapular axis simultaneously including separate medial and lateral scapular vascularized bone grafts
    Grant A Fairbanks
    Lehigh Valley Hospital and Health Network, Allentown, PA 18105 1556, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 49:104-8; discussion 108. 2002
    ..This flap was successful and provides another alternative to the resolution of complex problems needing multiple areas of both soft-tissue coverage and vascularized bone graft...
  57. ncbi request reprint Medial suralGASTROCNEMIUS muscle perforator free flap: an immediate cross-leg flap?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA 18103, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 21:217-23. 2005
    ..This is reminiscent of bygone eras, where such a feat required multiple stages over many weeks...
  58. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of the accuracy of the surgeon's diagnosis and significance of positive margins in nonmelanoma skin cancers
    G G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, 18103, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 107:942-7. 2001
    ..Despite our observed infrequent local recurrences of squamous cell cancers (13.3 percent), the small risk of metastases still suggests the appropriateness of complete surgical eradication for these tumors whenever feasible...
  59. ncbi request reprint Further experience with the medial circumflex femoral(GRACILIS) perforator free flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18103, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 20:115-22. 2004
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint The utility of both muscle and fascia flaps in severe upper extremity trauma
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Trauma 53:61-5. 2002
    ..A basic schema to facilitate flap selection in the upper extremity is introduced...
  61. ncbi request reprint The fate of the failed second-attempt free flap
    G G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 47:41-6. 2001
    ..Because successful flaps avoided these problems, an aggressive approach is emphasized, including an immediate second free flap attempt if conditions are favorable...
  62. ncbi request reprint A history of the development of muscle perforator flaps and their specific use in burn reconstruction
    G G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA
    J Burn Care Rehabil 25:366-71. 2004
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Free-flap monitoring using a chimeric sentinel muscle perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18103, USA
    J Reconstr Microsurg 21:351-4. 2005
    ..This can be a valuable adjunctive use of muscle perforator flaps for the continuous assessment of free muscle flaps or as an exteriorized flap for the monitoring of buried free flaps...
  64. ncbi request reprint Preliminary assessment of laser Doppler flowmetry for determining timing of division of the cross-finger flap
    G G Hallock
    Dorothy Rider Pool Microsurgery and Laser Laboratory, Lehigh Valley Hospital Center, Allentown, PA
    J Hand Surg Am 15:898-901. 1990
    ..This objective data facilitates an appropriate clinical decision by the hand surgeon to ensure flap viability after pedicle division...
  65. ncbi request reprint Octyl-2-Cyanoacrylate adhesive for rapid nail plate restoration
    G G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospital, Allentown, PA, USA
    J Hand Surg Am 25:979-81. 2000
    ..This new formulation can expedite this maneuver, and has shown no signs of histotoxicity or adverse effect on nail plate regeneration...
  66. ncbi request reprint Cranial epigastric perforator flap: a rat model of a true perforator flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Division of Plastic Surgery, The Lehigh Valley Hospitals, Allentown, PA, USA
    Ann Plast Surg 50:393-7. 2003
    ..The dissection itself can be somewhat tedious, but it became easier with experience, making this an excellent training model for learning proper technique in the elevation of any true perforator flap...
  67. ncbi request reprint Venous interruption is unnecessary to achieve an adequate delay in the rat TRAM flap model
    Kazufumi Sano
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan
    Plast Reconstr Surg 111:300-5. 2003
    ..102). The clinical implication is that arterial division is critical for TRAM flap delay and that arbitrary venous interruption is unnecessary...
  68. ncbi request reprint The relative importance of the deep and superficial vascular systems for delay of the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap as demonstrated in a rat model
    Kazufumi Sano
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan
    Plast Reconstr Surg 109:1052-7; discussion 1058-9. 2002
    ..This would allow the other vascular system to be retained intact for later potential salvage maneuvers as needed...
  69. ncbi request reprint On: free tattoo flap
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    J Reconstr Microsurg 18:411-2. 2002
  70. ncbi request reprint The tracheostomy hook as a versatile retractor to aid exposure during muscle perforator flap dissection
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Plast Reconstr Surg 114:1351. 2004
  71. ncbi request reprint The perforator-based conjoint (chimeric) medial Sural(MEDIAL GASTROCNEMIUS) free flap
    Kazufumi Sano
    Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Kenwakai Otemachi Hospital Fukuoka ken, Japan
    Ann Plast Surg 53:588-92. 2004
    ..This is further proof that the perforator-based chimeric free flap may be an option for any muscle perforator flap donor site, so that potential donor territories for conjoint flaps have become virtually unlimited...
  72. ncbi request reprint Devastating massive knee defect reconstruction using the cornucopian chimera flap from the subscapular axis: two case reports
    Kazufumi Sano
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nippon Medical School Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
    J Reconstr Microsurg 22:25-32. 2006
    ..Multiple-island combined flaps based on the subscapular axis can provide three-dimensional reconstruction of destructive knee defects...
  73. ncbi request reprint On "Management of significant venous discrepancy with microvascular venous coupler" (J Reconstr Microsurgery 2003;19:377-380)
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    J Reconstr Microsurg 20:59. 2004
  74. ncbi request reprint The old, the young, and the computer or musings of a plastic surgery curmudgeon
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Ann Plast Surg 57:683-4. 2006
  75. ncbi request reprint Top ten reasons to hate the "V.A.C."
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Plast Reconstr Surg 116:1839. 2005
  76. ncbi request reprint To VAC or not to VAC?
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Ann Plast Surg 59:473-4. 2007
  77. ncbi request reprint Venous "supercharging" augments survival of the delayed rat TRAM flap
    Kazufumi Sano
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan
    Ann Plast Surg 51:398-402. 2003
    ..Venous supercharging can be accomplished by inclusion of the ipsilateral dominant deep vein, and should be a consideration in the clinical planning of delay maneuvers and for treatment of the compromised TRAM flap...
  78. ncbi request reprint Recertification: now a reality
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Plast Reconstr Surg 112:1941-3. 2003
  79. ncbi request reprint A "True" false-negative misadventure in free flap monitoring using laser Doppler flowmetry
    Geoffrey G Hallock
    Plast Reconstr Surg 110:1609-11. 2002
  80. ncbi request reprint A vertical midline scar is a 'high-risk' factor for maximum survival of the rat TRAM flap
    Kazufumi Sano
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan
    Ann Plast Surg 51:403-8. 2003
    ..These findings corroborate the clinical observation that only a unilateral TRAM flap would be reliable in the presence of a vertical midline abdominal scar...