Peter Hotez

Summary

Affiliation: George Washington University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Soil-transmitted helminth infections: updating the global picture
    Nilanthi R de Silva
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, PO Box 6, Ragama, Sri Lanka
    Trends Parasitol 19:547-51. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Soil-transmitted helminth infections: ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm
    Jeffrey Bethony
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, 20037, USA
    Lancet 367:1521-32. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Incorporating appropriate technology into North American schools of public health
    Peter Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 19:118-23. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Hookworm and poverty
    Peter Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:38-44. 2008
  5. pmc Helminth infections: the great neglected tropical diseases
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    J Clin Invest 118:1311-21. 2008
  6. pmc Neglected infections of poverty in the United States of America
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, D C, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e256. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint The antipoverty vaccines
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and the Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Vaccine 24:5787-99. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Neglected diseases amid wealth in the United States and Europe
    Peter Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine at George Washington University in Washington, DC, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:1720-5. 2009
  9. pmc Molecular cloning, biochemical characterization, and partial protective immunity of the heme-binding glutathione S-transferases from the human hookworm Necator americanus
    Bin Zhan
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Ross Hall 736, 2300 Eye St NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Infect Immun 78:1552-63. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Molecular cloning and characterization of Ac-TMP-2, a tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase secreted by adult Ancylostoma caninum
    Bin Zhan
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and the Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Mol Biochem Parasitol 162:142-8. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint Soil-transmitted helminth infections: updating the global picture
    Nilanthi R de Silva
    Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya, PO Box 6, Ragama, Sri Lanka
    Trends Parasitol 19:547-51. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Soil-transmitted helminth infections: ascariasis, trichuriasis, and hookworm
    Jeffrey Bethony
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, 20037, USA
    Lancet 367:1521-32. 2006
    ..Concerns about the sustainability of periodic deworming with benzimidazole anthelmintics and the emergence of resistance have prompted efforts to develop and test new control tools...
  3. ncbi request reprint Incorporating appropriate technology into North American schools of public health
    Peter Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Rev Panam Salud Publica 19:118-23. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Hookworm and poverty
    Peter Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:38-44. 2008
    ....
  5. pmc Helminth infections: the great neglected tropical diseases
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    J Clin Invest 118:1311-21. 2008
    ..Ultimately, these advances in molecular and medical helminth biology should one day translate into a new and robust pipeline of drugs, diagnostics, and vaccines for targeting parasitic worms that infect humans...
  6. pmc Neglected infections of poverty in the United States of America
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, D C, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e256. 2008
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint The antipoverty vaccines
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and the Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Vaccine 24:5787-99. 2006
    ..Early development of such antipoverty vaccines will require the establishment of product development public-private partnerships and partnerships with innovative developing countries where these diseases are endemic...
  8. doi request reprint Neglected diseases amid wealth in the United States and Europe
    Peter Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine at George Washington University in Washington, DC, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:1720-5. 2009
    ..Similar infections also occur in Europe. As efforts to control neglected tropical diseases expand throughout Africa, parallel efforts should also target poor and forgotten people in wealthy nations...
  9. pmc Molecular cloning, biochemical characterization, and partial protective immunity of the heme-binding glutathione S-transferases from the human hookworm Necator americanus
    Bin Zhan
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Ross Hall 736, 2300 Eye St NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Infect Immun 78:1552-63. 2010
    ..In contrast, no protection was observed in vaccine trials with Na-GST-2 or Na-GST-3. On the basis of these and other preclinical data, Na-GST-1 is under possible consideration for further vaccine development...
  10. doi request reprint Molecular cloning and characterization of Ac-TMP-2, a tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase secreted by adult Ancylostoma caninum
    Bin Zhan
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and the Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Mol Biochem Parasitol 162:142-8. 2008
    ..As an immunodominant protein having a possible role in the parasite-host relationship of canine hookworm infection, recombinant Ac-TMP-2 represents a plausible target for vaccine development...
  11. pmc Reduction of worm fecundity and canine host blood loss mediates protection against hookworm infection elicited by vaccination with recombinant Ac-16
    Ricardo T Fujiwara
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Ross Hall Room 727, 2300 Eye St NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 14:281-7. 2007
    ..Our data support the use of Ac-16 as a potential candidate for vaccination against hookworm infection...
  12. ncbi request reprint Molecular cloning and characterization of Ac-MTP-2, an astacin-like metalloprotease released by adult Ancylostoma caninum
    Jianjun Feng
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Mol Biochem Parasitol 152:132-8. 2007
    ..It is hypothesized that Ac-MTP-2 functions in the extracorporeal digestion of the intestinal mucosal plug lodged in the buccal capsule of the adult parasite...
  13. doi request reprint Ac-AP-12, a novel factor Xa anticoagulant peptide from the esophageal glands of adult Ancylostoma caninum
    Desheng Jiang
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and the Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Mol Biochem Parasitol 177:42-8. 2011
    ..Immunolocalization with specific rabbit antiserum showed that Ac-AP-12 was exclusively located in the esophageal glands of adult hookworm. Ac-AP-12 is hypothesized to facilitate both parasite blood feeding and digestion...
  14. doi request reprint A handful of 'antipoverty' vaccines exist for neglected diseases, but the world's poorest billion people need more
    Peter Hotez
    Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 30:1080-7. 2011
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint The neglected tropical diseases: the ancient afflictions of stigma and poverty and the prospects for their control and elimination
    Peter Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Adv Exp Med Biol 582:23-33. 2006
  16. ncbi request reprint Immunogenicity of the hookworm Na-ASP-2 vaccine candidate: characterization of humoral and cellular responses after vaccination in the Sprague Dawley rat
    Ricardo T Fujiwara
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Hum Vaccin 1:123-8. 2005
    ..Host IL-6 levels were also significantly elevated. These data provide evidence that the immune response of the Na-ASP-2 vaccine is robust and durable and therefore suitable for the further clinical development of the Na-ASP-2 vaccine...
  17. ncbi request reprint New vaccines for developing countries: will it be feast or famine?
    Jon Kim Andrus
    Comprehensive Family Immunization Project, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, D C, USA
    Am J Law Med 35:311-22. 2009
    ..The alternative, namely to bypass the Revolving Fund, could severely threaten the health of the region, especially Latin America's poorest people...
  18. ncbi request reprint Recent progress in integrated neglected tropical disease control
    Peter Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, 2300 I Street NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Trends Parasitol 23:511-4. 2007
    ..who.int/dg/speeches/2007). Outlined here is a summary of the recent progress in global efforts to integrate NTD control, with an emphasis on the challenges that lie ahead...
  19. pmc The neglected tropical diseases of Latin America and the Caribbean: a review of disease burden and distribution and a roadmap for control and elimination
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e300. 2008
    ..Ultimately, the roadmap for the control and elimination of the more widespread NTDs will require an inter-sectoral approach that bridges public health, social services, and environmental interventions...
  20. pmc Hookworm: "the great infection of mankind"
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    PLoS Med 2:e67. 2005
  21. ncbi request reprint Combating tropical infectious diseases: report of the Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries Project
    Peter J Hotez
    George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 38:871-8. 2004
    ..Application of technologies must be cost-effective and intensified research is essential if these and other scourges are to be controlled or eliminated in the 21st century...
  22. ncbi request reprint Expression of the Necator americanus hookworm larval antigen Na-ASP-2 in Pichia pastoris and purification of the recombinant protein for use in human clinical trials
    Gaddam Narsa Goud
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University Medical Center, Ross Hall 736, 2300 Eye Street NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Vaccine 23:4754-64. 2005
    ..The processes developed and tested for the high yield production of recombinant Na-ASP-2 provide a foundation for clinical vaccine development...
  23. ncbi request reprint The National Institutes of Health roadmap and the developing world
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    J Investig Med 52:246-7. 2004
  24. ncbi request reprint Control of neglected tropical diseases
    Peter J Hotez
    Sabin Vaccine Institute, and the Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    N Engl J Med 357:1018-27. 2007
  25. ncbi request reprint Vaccination of dogs with a recombinant cysteine protease from the intestine of canine hookworms diminishes the fecundity and growth of worms
    Alex Loukas
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    J Infect Dis 189:1952-61. 2004
    ..These results indicate that cysteine proteases involved in parasite nutrition are promising candidates as vaccines against hookworm disease...
  26. doi request reprint Hookworm vaccines
    David J Diemert
    Sabin Vaccine Institute, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:282-8. 2008
    ..Plans call for eventual development of a vaccine that will combine at least 2 hookworm antigens--one targeting the larval stage of the life cycle and another targeting the adult worm living in the gastrointestinal tract...
  27. ncbi request reprint Effect of vaccination with a recombinant fusion protein encoding an astacinlike metalloprotease (MTP-1) secreted by host-stimulated Ancylostoma caninum third-stage infective larvae
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine and Sabin Vaccine Institute, The George Washington University Medical Center, 2300 Eye Street NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    J Parasitol 89:853-5. 2003
    ..89; P = 0.04), suggesting that this molecule offers promise as a recombinant vaccine...
  28. doi request reprint Multivalent anthelminthic vaccine to prevent hookworm and schistosomiasis
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University and Sabin Vaccine Institute, Washington, DC, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 7:745-52. 2008
    ..A multivalent anthelminthic vaccine for hookworm infection and schistosomiasis would represent an important new tool for combating disease and poverty...
  29. doi request reprint Escalating the global fight against neglected tropical diseases through interventions in the Asia Pacific region
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    Adv Parasitol 72:31-53. 2010
    ..Through a global network for NTDs, an innovative finance mechanism Is being created to control the most common neglected diseases across Asia...
  30. doi request reprint Developing vaccines to combat hookworm infection and intestinal schistosomiasis
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Nat Rev Microbiol 8:814-26. 2010
    ..New genomic, proteomic, immunological and X-ray crystallographic data have led to the discovery of several promising candidate vaccine antigens. Here, we describe recent progress in this field and the rationale for vaccine development...
  31. ncbi request reprint Effect of vaccinations with recombinant fusion proteins on Ancylostoma caninum habitat selection in the canine intestine
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, Sabin Vaccine Institute, George Washington University Medical Center, 2300 Eye Street NW, Washington, D C 20037, USA
    J Parasitol 88:684-90. 2002
    ..Female adult hookworms were more likely to migrate into the colon than were males. Anti-enzyme and anti-enzyme inhibitor antibodies correlated with an alteration in adult hookworm habitat selection in the canine gastroinntestinal tract...
  32. ncbi request reprint The impact of concurrent and treated Ancylostoma ceylanicum hookworm infections on the immunogenicity of a recombinant hookworm vaccine in hamsters
    Kashinath Ghosh
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    J Infect Dis 193:155-62. 2006
    ..The effect of concurrent (active) and treated hookworm infections on the immunogenicity of vaccination with the recombinant fusion protein Ay-Ancylostoma-secreted protein 2 was analyzed in the Golden Syrian hamster...
  33. pmc Incorporating a rapid-impact package for neglected tropical diseases with programs for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    PLoS Med 3:e102. 2006
  34. ncbi request reprint An ounce of prevention on a budget: a nonprofit approach to developing vaccines against neglected diseases
    Maria Elena Bottazzi
    The George Washington University, The Human Hookworm Vaccine Initiative, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, 2300 Eye Street NW, Ross Hall Room 733, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 5:189-98. 2006
    ..Throughout this perspective, special emphasis is placed on the growing promise that product development public-private partnerships hold for developing vaccines for the world's poorest people...
  35. ncbi request reprint Antibodies against a secreted protein from hookworm larvae reduce the intensity of hookworm infection in humans and vaccinated laboratory animals
    Jeffrey Bethony
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    FASEB J 19:1743-5. 2005
    ..These findings provide strong support for the development of an effective recombinant vaccine against hookworm infection in humans...
  36. ncbi request reprint Vaccination with irradiated Ancylostoma caninum third stage larvae induces a Th2 protective response in dogs
    Ricardo T Fujiwara
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, 2300 Eye Street, Ross Hall Room 727, Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Vaccine 24:501-9. 2006
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Helminth infections of children: prospects for control
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Adv Exp Med Biol 568:135-44. 2005
  38. pmc Biochemical characterization and vaccine potential of a heme-binding glutathione transferase from the adult hookworm Ancylostoma caninum
    Bin Zhan
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Infect Immun 73:6903-11. 2005
    ..7%) following challenge with heterologous Necator americanus larvae. These studies suggest that Ac-GST-1 is a possible drug and vaccine target for hookworm infection...
  39. ncbi request reprint Should we establish a North American school of global health sciences?
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, Global Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Am J Med Sci 328:71-7. 2004
    ..The North American school, possibly in association with one of the existing schools of medicine or public health, would provide interdisciplinary training to produce a new generation of global health scientists...
  40. ncbi request reprint Helminth vaccines: from mining genomic information for vaccine targets to systems used for protein expression
    John P Dalton
    School of Biotechnology, Dublin City University, Glasnevin, Dublin 9, Ireland
    Int J Parasitol 33:621-40. 2003
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Progress in the development of a recombinant vaccine for human hookworm disease: the Human Hookworm Vaccine Initiative
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA
    Int J Parasitol 33:1245-58. 2003
    ..Another challenge will be to produce anti-hookworm vaccine antigens at high yield low cost suitable for immunising large impoverished populations living in the developing nations of the tropics...
  42. pmc "Rapid-impact interventions": how a policy of integrated control for Africa's neglected tropical diseases could benefit the poor
    David H Molyneux
    Lymphatic Filariasis Support Centre at the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 2:e336. 2005
  43. pmc Erosion of William Henry Welch's concept of the hygienic laboratory in our nation's schools of public health and medicine
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University Medical Center, Washington DC 20037, USA
    Public Health Rep 118:184-6. 2003
  44. pmc Vaccination with recombinant aspartic hemoglobinase reduces parasite load and blood loss after hookworm infection in dogs
    Alex Loukas
    Division of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    PLoS Med 2:e295. 2005
    ..The parasites subsequently digest hemoglobin in their intestines using a cascade of proteolysis that begins with the Ancylostoma caninum aspartic protease 1, APR-1...
  45. doi request reprint Randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of the Na-ASP-2 hookworm vaccine in unexposed adults
    Jeffrey M Bethony
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University Health Center, Washington, DC 20037, United States
    Vaccine 26:2408-17. 2008
    ....
  46. pmc Cures for the Third World's problems: the application of genomics to the diseases plaguing the developing world may have huge medical and economic benefits for those countries and might even prevent armed conflict
    Samuel Broder
    Clera Genomics, Rockville, MD, USA
    EMBO Rep 3:806-12. 2002
  47. ncbi request reprint Effect of combining the larval antigens Ancylostoma secreted protein 2 (ASP-2) and metalloprotease 1 (MTP-1) in protecting hamsters against hookworm infection and disease caused by Ancylostoma ceylanicum
    Susana Mendez
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine and Sabin Vaccine Institute, The George Washington University Medical Center, Rose Hall 736, 2300 Eye Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Vaccine 23:3123-30. 2005
    ..Taken together, these data suggest that combination of two or more antigens may present an effective vaccine development strategy to improve protection and/or disease symptoms in affected individuals...
  48. ncbi request reprint New technologies for the control of human hookworm infection
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Tropical Medicine, The George Washington University, 2300 I Street, NW Washington, DC 20037, USA
    Trends Parasitol 22:327-31. 2006
    ..g. tribendimidine) and a recombinant hookworm vaccine. It is hoped that, ultimately, anthelmintic vaccination will be linked to deworming as part of an expanded control package...
  49. ncbi request reprint Health innovation networks to help developing countries address neglected diseases
    Carlos M Morel
    Center for Technological Development in Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation FIOCRUZ, Avenida Brasil 4365, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21040 900, Brazil
    Science 309:401-4. 2005
    ..Here we highlight a complementary and increasingly important means to improve health equity: the growing ability of some developing countries to undertake health innovation...
  50. ncbi request reprint X-ray structure of Na-ASP-2, a pathogenesis-related-1 protein from the nematode parasite, Necator americanus, and a vaccine antigen for human hookworm infection
    Oluwatoyin A Asojo
    Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, 987696 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 7696, USA
    J Mol Biol 346:801-14. 2005
    ..From these modeling studies, possible binding modes were predicted. In addition, this first structure of a PR-1 protein from parasitic helminths may shed light on the molecular basis of host-parasite interactions...
  51. pmc Contrasting patterns in the small-scale heterogeneity of human helminth infections in urban and rural environments in Brazil
    Simon Brooker
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, WCIE 7HT, UK
    Int J Parasitol 36:1143-51. 2006
    ..We suggest that such species-specific differences in patterns of infection by environment are primarily due to variation in exposure and parasite life cycle, although host genetic factors cannot be ruled out...
  52. pmc Human hookworm infection in the 21st century
    Simon Brooker
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, UK
    Adv Parasitol 58:197-288. 2004
    ..There are also on-going efforts to develop novel anthelmintic drugs and anti-hookworm vaccines...
  53. pmc The co-distribution of Plasmodium falciparum and hookworm among African schoolchildren
    Simon Brooker
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Malar J 5:99. 2006
    ..This is despite the potential public health importance of co-infection and synergistic opportunities for control...
  54. ncbi request reprint Neglected tropical diseases and HIV/AIDS
    Peter J Hotez
    Lancet 368:1865-6. 2006
  55. ncbi request reprint Hookworm infection
    Peter J Hotez
    Department of Microbiology and Tropical Medicine, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20037, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:799-807. 2004
  56. ncbi request reprint Fighting tropical diseases
    Jeffrey D Sachs
    Science 311:1521. 2006
  57. ncbi request reprint Synergistic associations between hookworm and other helminth species in a rural community in Brazil
    Fiona M Fleming
    Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 11:56-64. 2006
    ..To identify possible synergistic associations of hookworm and other helminths...
  58. pmc Epidemiology of plasmodium-helminth co-infection in Africa: populations at risk, potential impact on anemia, and prospects for combining control
    Simon Brooker
    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Kepel Street, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 77:88-98. 2007
    ..We suggest that both school-age children and pregnant women--groups which have the highest risk of anemia--would benefit from an integrated approach to malaria and helminth control...