Robert P Schwartz

Summary

Affiliation: Friends Research Institute
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Interim versus standard methadone treatment: a benefit-cost analysis
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA Electronic address
    J Subst Abuse Treat 46:306-14. 2014
  2. pmc Just call it "treatment"
    Peter D Friedmann
    Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Addict Sci Clin Pract 7:10. 2012
  3. pmc Opioid agonist treatments and heroin overdose deaths in Baltimore, Maryland, 1995-2009
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:917-22. 2013
  4. pmc HIV rapid testing in drug treatment: comparison across treatment modalities
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 44:369-74. 2013
  5. pmc Randomized trial of standard methadone treatment compared to initiating methadone without counseling: 12-month findings
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Addiction 107:943-52. 2012
  6. pmc Interim methadone treatment compared to standard methadone treatment: 4-month findings
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, MD 21201, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 41:21-9. 2011
  7. pmc Antecedents and correlates of methadone treatment entry: a comparison of out-of-treatment and in-treatment cohorts
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 115:23-9. 2011
  8. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of interim methadone maintenance: 10-Month follow-up
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute Inc, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103 Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 86:30-6. 2007
  9. pmc Gender Differences Among In- and Out-of-Treatment Opioid-Addicted Individuals
    Sharon M Kelly
    Social Research Center, Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 35:38-42. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint In-treatment vs. out-of-treatment opioid dependent adults: drug use and criminal history
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Social Research Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:17-28. 2008

Research Grants

  1. Entry Into Comprehensive Methadone Treatment Via Interim Maintenance
    Robert P Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. Entry Into Comprehensive Methadone Treatment Via Interim Maintenance
    Robert Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. SBIRT in New Mexico
    Robert Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Entry and Engagement in Methadone Maintenance Treatment
    Robert Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. Entry Into Comprehensive Methadone Treatment Via Interim Maintenance
    Robert Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. Services Research on Interim Opioid Maintenance
    Robert Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2003
  7. SBIRT in New Mexico
    Robert P Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. doi request reprint Interim versus standard methadone treatment: a benefit-cost analysis
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA Electronic address
    J Subst Abuse Treat 46:306-14. 2014
    ..5 (95% CI: 0.8, 2.3), but using our conservative approach to calculating benefits, these values were not significant...
  2. pmc Just call it "treatment"
    Peter D Friedmann
    Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Addict Sci Clin Pract 7:10. 2012
    ..The time has come to call pharmacotherapy for such patients just "treatment". An explicit acknowledgment that medication is an essential first-line component in the successful management of opioid dependence...
  3. pmc Opioid agonist treatments and heroin overdose deaths in Baltimore, Maryland, 1995-2009
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Public Health 103:917-22. 2013
    ..We examined the association between the expansion of methadone and buprenorphine treatment and the prevalence of heroin overdose deaths in Baltimore, Maryland from 1995 to 2009...
  4. pmc HIV rapid testing in drug treatment: comparison across treatment modalities
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 44:369-74. 2013
    ..On-site HIV testing is effective across treatment modalities for achieving high rates of testing and results feedback. All programs should be encouraged to adopt or expand this service...
  5. pmc Randomized trial of standard methadone treatment compared to initiating methadone without counseling: 12-month findings
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Addiction 107:943-52. 2012
    ....
  6. pmc Interim methadone treatment compared to standard methadone treatment: 4-month findings
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, MD 21201, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 41:21-9. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that when SM is unavailable, IM should be more widely used and less restricted...
  7. pmc Antecedents and correlates of methadone treatment entry: a comparison of out-of-treatment and in-treatment cohorts
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 115:23-9. 2011
    ..The majority of opioid-dependent individuals in the US in need of drug treatment are not receiving it. It would be useful to understand the characteristics of individuals entering and failing to enter methadone treatment...
  8. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of interim methadone maintenance: 10-Month follow-up
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute Inc, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103 Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 86:30-6. 2007
    ..3%, p=.001) but not for cocaine-positive drug tests. At 10 months after study enrollment, there are sustained benefits of IM as compared to waiting list in terms of increased treatment entry and reduced heroin use and criminal behavior...
  9. pmc Gender Differences Among In- and Out-of-Treatment Opioid-Addicted Individuals
    Sharon M Kelly
    Social Research Center, Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 35:38-42. 2009
    ..Gender differences were explored among 355 in- and out-of-treatment opioid-addicted adults in Baltimore...
  10. ncbi request reprint In-treatment vs. out-of-treatment opioid dependent adults: drug use and criminal history
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Social Research Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 34:17-28. 2008
    ....
  11. pmc Retention in methadone and buprenorphine treatment among African Americans
    Jan Gryczynski
    Friends Research Institute, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 45:287-92. 2013
    ..These findings confirm a retention disparity between methadone and buprenorphine in this population, and suggest potential avenues for future research to enhance retention in buprenorphine treatment...
  12. ncbi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of interim methadone maintenance
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 63:102-9. 2006
    ..Effective alternatives to long waiting lists for entry into methadone hydrochloride maintenance treatment are needed to reduce the complications of continuing heroin dependence and to increase methadone treatment entry...
  13. pmc Redefining retention: recovery from the patient's perspective
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 43:99-107. 2011
    ..As a result, the recovery process can be more fragmented and is often characterized by a series of cyclical treatment episodes rather than continuous time in treatment, thereby impeding their progress towards recovery...
  14. pmc Uses of diverted methadone and buprenorphine by opioid-addicted individuals in Baltimore, Maryland
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Social Research Center, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Addict 18:346-55. 2009
    ..Participants reported using low dosages and no injection of either medication was reported...
  15. pmc Why don't out-of-treatment individuals enter methadone treatment programmes?
    James A Peterson
    Friends Research Institute Inc, Social Research Center, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Int J Drug Policy 21:36-42. 2010
    ..Despite the proven effectiveness of methadone treatment, the majority of heroin-dependent individuals are out-of-treatment...
  16. pmc Postprison release HIV-risk behaviors in a randomized trial of methadone treatment for prisoners
    Monique E Wilson
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Am J Addict 21:476-87. 2012
    ....
  17. pmc African American patients seeking treatment in the public sector: characteristics of buprenorphine vs. methadone patients
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, 1040 Park Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 122:55-60. 2012
    ..This study compares the characteristics of patients entering methadone treatment vs. buprenorphine treatment to determine whether BT was attracting different types of patients...
  18. doi request reprint Opioid agonist maintenance for probationers: patient-level predictors of treatment retention, drug use, and crime
    Jan Gryczynski
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Subst Abus 33:30-9. 2012
    ..A number of patient characteristics associated with various outcomes were identified. The findings support engaging probationers in treatment and highlight patient factors that might influence outcomes...
  19. pmc Improvements in outcomes in methadone patients on probation/parole regardless of counseling early in treatment
    Sharon M Kelly
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Addict Med 7:133-8. 2013
    ..This secondary data analysis examined the association between criminal justice (CJ) status and outcomes over 12 months of methadone maintenance treatment...
  20. pmc Attitudes toward buprenorphine and methadone among opioid-dependent individuals
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Addict 17:396-401. 2008
    ..001), while they did not differ in their attitudes toward buprenorphine. Both groups had significantly more positive attitudes toward buprenorphine than methadone. Addressing these attitudes may increase treatment entry and retention...
  21. ncbi request reprint Impact of role induction on long-term drug treatment outcomes
    Elizabeth C Katz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Social Research Center, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Addict Dis 26:81-90. 2007
    ..RI improved 12-month substance use outcome relative to ST. The potential gain in retention and in reduced substance use at follow-up associated with a single RI session, recommend this strategy for further development and study...
  22. pmc A randomized clinical trial of methadone maintenance for prisoners: results at 12 months postrelease
    Timothy W Kinlock
    Social Research Center, Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 37:277-85. 2009
    ..These results support the effectiveness of prison-initiated methadone for males in the United States. Further study is required to confirm the findings for women...
  23. pmc Interim methadone treatment: impact on arrests
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 103:148-54. 2009
    ..It was hypothesized that IM participants would have a: (1) lower number of arrests at 6 and 12 months and (2) lower mean crime severity scores at 6 and 12 months post-baseline...
  24. pmc Scaling-up interim methadone maintenance: treatment for 1,000 heroin-addicted individuals
    Robert P Schwartz
    Social Research Center, Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 37:362-7. 2009
    ..When limited public resources create waiting lists, IM can allow additional patients to sharply reduce heroin use while waiting for admission to MTP...
  25. pmc A randomized clinical trial of methadone maintenance for prisoners: findings at 6 months post-release
    Michael S Gordon
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Addiction 103:1333-42. 2008
    ..This study examined the effectiveness of methadone maintenance initiated prior to or just after release from prison at 6 months post-release...
  26. doi request reprint Patient perspectives on choosing buprenorphine over methadone in an urban, equal-access system
    Jan Gryczynski
    Friends Research Institute, 1040 Park Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Addict 22:285-91. 2013
    ..Recent policy initiatives in Baltimore City, MD significantly reduced access disparities between methadone and buprenorphine in the publicly funded treatment sector...
  27. doi request reprint HIV sex-risk behaviors among in- versus out-of-treatment heroin-addicted adults
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 38:328-33. 2012
    ..01). Conclusions: Nontreatment seekers are at higher HIV risk than those entering MTPs and should be a focus of sex-risk reduction interventions, even if they are not interested in treatment at that time...
  28. ncbi request reprint Intravenous and intranasal heroin-dependent treatment-seekers: characteristics and treatment outcome
    David A Highfield
    Friends Research Institute, MD 21201, USA
    Addiction 102:1816-23. 2007
    ..This study compared the characteristics of intravenous (i.v.) and intranasal (i.n.) heroin users seeking methadone treatment, and their response to treatment...
  29. pmc A randomized trial of intensive outpatient (IOP) vs. standard outpatient (OP) buprenorphine treatment for African Americans
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell
    Friends Research Institute, 1020 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 128:222-9. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of OP and IOP level counseling when provided as part of buprenorphine treatment for opioid-dependent African Americans...
  30. pmc Impact of methadone with versus without drug abuse counseling on HIV risk: 4- and 12-month findings from a clinical trial
    Sharon M Kelly
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Addict Med 6:145-52. 2012
    ....
  31. doi request reprint A comparison of attitudes toward opioid agonist treatment among short-term buprenorphine patients
    Sharon M Kelly
    Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 38:233-8. 2012
    ..Obtaining data on attitudes toward buprenorphine and methadone of opioid-dependent individuals in the United States may help fashion approaches to increase treatment entry and improve patient outcomes...
  32. pmc Predictors of methadone treatment retention from a multi-site study: a survival analysis
    Sharon M Kelly
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, 1040 Park Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 117:170-5. 2011
    ..Longer tenure in methadone treatment has been associated with positive outcomes such as reductions in drug use and crime, HIV seroconversion, and overdose death...
  33. pmc The relationship of social support to treatment entry and engagement: the Community Assessment Inventory
    Sharon M Kelly
    Friends Research Institute, Social Research Center, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Subst Abus 31:43-52. 2010
    ..This study's findings indicate the CAI may be a useful measure of social support and that such support is an important factor in treatment entry...
  34. pmc The role of patient satisfaction in methadone treatment
    Sharon M Kelly
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 36:150-4. 2010
    ..Patient satisfaction surveys, widely used in health care delivery systems, may provide useful data for improving patient retention and outcomes...
  35. pmc Incarceration and opioid withdrawal: the experiences of methadone patients and out-of-treatment heroin users
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Social Research Center, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 41:145-52. 2009
    ..Findings support the importance of providing appropriate opioid detoxification and/or maintenance therapy to opioid-dependent inmates...
  36. pmc Patterns in admission delays to outpatient methadone treatment in the United States
    Jan Gryczynski
    Friends Research Institute, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore MD 21201, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 41:431-9. 2011
    ..These findings highlight potential disparities in timely admission to outpatient methadone treatment. Implications for improving treatment access and service system monitoring are discussed...
  37. pmc Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for substance use in a school-based program: services and outcomes
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Am J Addict 21:S5-13. 2012
    ....
  38. pmc Impact of interim methadone maintenance on HIV risk behaviors
    Monique E Wilson
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Urban Health 87:586-91. 2010
    ..Remedying the shortage of methadone capacity through the expansion of IM would be a worthwhile approach to reducing the spread of HIV infection...
  39. pmc A randomized clinical trial of methadone maintenance for prisoners: results at 1-month post-release
    Timothy W Kinlock
    Social Research Center, Friends Research Institute, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 91:220-7. 2007
    ..This study is the first randomized clinical trial in the US to examine the effectiveness of methadone maintenance treatment provided to prisoners with pre-incarceration heroin addiction...
  40. doi request reprint Leaving buprenorphine treatment: patients' reasons for cessation of care
    Jan Gryczynski
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA Electronic address
    J Subst Abuse Treat 46:356-61. 2014
    ..Future research should examine patient-centered models of buprenorphine treatment that could improve retention...
  41. ncbi request reprint Opioid addiction and incarceration: an overview
    Robert P Schwartz
    Friends Research Institute, Social Research Center, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    Med Health R I 90:157-8. 2007
  42. pmc SBIRT for adolescent drug and alcohol use: current status and future directions
    Shannon Gwin Mitchell
    Friends Research Institute, Inc, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 44:463-72. 2013
    ..Randomized trials are needed that have adequate statistical power, employ longer-term follow-ups, and test the effectiveness of SBIRT for adolescents in various service delivery settings...
  43. ncbi request reprint Cognitive ability as a factor in engagement in drug abuse treatment
    Elizabeth C Katz
    Friends Research Institute Inc, Social Research Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 31:359-69. 2005
    ..Results indicate that clients with higher cognitive ability may present with a greater capacity to engage in treatment than individuals with lower cognitive ability...
  44. ncbi request reprint A novel opioid maintenance program for prisoners: report of post-release outcomes
    Timothy W Kinlock
    Social Research Center, Friends Research Institute Inc, Baltimore, Maryland 21201, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 31:433-54. 2005
    ..Despite study limitations, robust findings regarding treatment attendance suggest that this intervention is highly promising...
  45. pmc The relationship between services delivered and substance use outcomes in New Mexico's Screening, Brief Intervention, Referral and Treatment (SBIRT) Initiative
    Jan Gryczynski
    Friends Research Institute, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 118:152-7. 2011
    ..This study examined the relationship between substance use outcomes and service variables within the SBIRT model...
  46. ncbi request reprint Buprenorphine-naloxone Treatment for Pre-release Opioid-dependent Inmates in Puerto Rico
    Carmen Albizu Garcia
    From the Center for Evaluation and Sociomedical Research CAG, GCC, ADHV, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico Friends Research Institute, Inc TWK, MSG, RPS, Social Research Center, Baltimore, MD Division of Criminology, Criminal Justice, and Social Policy TWK, University of Baltimore, Baltimore, MD Correctional Health Services Corporation CAA, ICR, Department of Correction and Rehabilitation, Rio Grande, Puerto Rico Open Society Institute Baltimore RPS, Baltimore, MD
    J Addict Med 1:126-32. 2007
    ..Despite study limitations, the short-term outcomes of this study suggest that bup-nx may contribute to reductions in readdiction to heroin and in criminal activities among re-entering male prisoners...
  47. pmc Psychiatric, psychosocial, and physical health correlates of co-occurring cannabis use disorders and nicotine dependence
    Erica N Peters
    Friends Research Institute, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA Yale University School of Medicine, SATU, One Long Wharf Drive, Box 18, New Haven, CT 06511, USA Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 134:228-34. 2014
    ..We examine these gaps in an epidemiological study, the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), of a large, nationally representative sample...
  48. ncbi request reprint A novel opioid maintenance program for prisoners: preliminary findings
    Timothy W Kinlock
    Social Research Center, Friends Research Institute, 1040 Park Avenue, Suite 103, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 22:141-7. 2002
    ..Nonetheless, study findings may also be applicable to methadone maintenance treatment, suggesting such treatment may be a promising means of engaging prisoners with preincarceration heroin dependence into continuing treatment...

Research Grants16

  1. Entry Into Comprehensive Methadone Treatment Via Interim Maintenance
    Robert P Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results of this study will provide important information to researchers, clinicians, and public health policymakers regarding the relative effectiveness and benefits of these two approaches to OTP treatment. ..
  2. Entry Into Comprehensive Methadone Treatment Via Interim Maintenance
    Robert Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results of this study will provide important information to researchers, clinicians, and public health policymakers regarding the relative effectiveness and benefits of these two approaches to OTP treatment. ..
  3. SBIRT in New Mexico
    Robert Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  4. Entry and Engagement in Methadone Maintenance Treatment
    Robert Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. Entry Into Comprehensive Methadone Treatment Via Interim Maintenance
    Robert Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..comprehensive treatment. The results of this study will provide important information to researchers, clinicians, and public health policymakers regarding the relative effectiveness and benefits of these two approaches to OTP treatment. ..
  6. Services Research on Interim Opioid Maintenance
    Robert Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results of this study will provide a definitive determination of the effectiveness of a strategy to improve the OMT service delivery system by reducing barriers to treatment entry. ..
  7. SBIRT in New Mexico
    Robert P Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....