T R Frieden

Summary

Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Health care as if health mattered
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth St, Room 331, New York, NY 10013, USA
    JAMA 299:950-2. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Lancet 362:887-99. 2003
  3. doi request reprint Public health in New York City, 2002-2007: confronting epidemics of the modern era
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:966-77. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis control: past 10 years and future progress
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth Street, New York, NY 10007, USA
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 83:82-5. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Lessons from tuberculosis control for public health
    T R Frieden
    New York City Health Department, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:421-8. 2009
  6. doi request reprint A public health approach to winning the war against cancer
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY 10013 USA
    Oncologist 13:1306-13. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint The DOTS strategy for controlling the global tuberculosis epidemic
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth Street, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Clin Chest Med 26:197-205, v. 2005
  8. pmc Adult tobacco use levels after intensive tobacco control measures: New York City, 2002-2003
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York 10013, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1016-23. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint How to prevent 100 million deaths from tobacco
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth Street, CN28, Room 331, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Lancet 369:1758-61. 2007
  10. pmc Promoting adherence to treatment for tuberculosis: the importance of direct observation
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 85:407-9. 2007

Detail Information

Publications78

  1. doi request reprint Health care as if health mattered
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth St, Room 331, New York, NY 10013, USA
    JAMA 299:950-2. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Lancet 362:887-99. 2003
    ..Until tuberculosis is controlled worldwide, it will continue to be a major killer in less-developed countries and a constant threat in most of the more-developed countries...
  3. doi request reprint Public health in New York City, 2002-2007: confronting epidemics of the modern era
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:966-77. 2008
    ....
  4. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis control: past 10 years and future progress
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth Street, New York, NY 10007, USA
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 83:82-5. 2003
    ..Critical issues for the future of tuberculosis control are sustained funding, technical rigor, and good management...
  5. ncbi request reprint Lessons from tuberculosis control for public health
    T R Frieden
    New York City Health Department, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 13:421-8. 2009
    ....
  6. doi request reprint A public health approach to winning the war against cancer
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY 10013 USA
    Oncologist 13:1306-13. 2008
    ..Winning the war on cancer will require a much larger investment in prevention to complement efforts to improve treatment...
  7. ncbi request reprint The DOTS strategy for controlling the global tuberculosis epidemic
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth Street, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Clin Chest Med 26:197-205, v. 2005
    ..The relevance of DOTS in the context of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and the HIV epidemic also is discussed...
  8. pmc Adult tobacco use levels after intensive tobacco control measures: New York City, 2002-2003
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York 10013, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1016-23. 2005
    ..We sought to determine the impact of comprehensive tobacco control measures in New York City...
  9. ncbi request reprint How to prevent 100 million deaths from tobacco
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth Street, CN28, Room 331, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Lancet 369:1758-61. 2007
  10. pmc Promoting adherence to treatment for tuberculosis: the importance of direct observation
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 85:407-9. 2007
  11. ncbi request reprint Impact of national consultants on successful expansion of effective tuberculosis control in India
    T R Frieden
    Regional Office for Southeast Asia, World Health Organization, New Delhi, New Delhi, India
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:837-41. 2003
    ..India, during a period of rapid expansion of DOTS services. DOTS expansion has been slow in many countries...
  12. pmc The dirty dozen: 12 myths that undermine tobacco control
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth St, Rm 331, CN 28, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1500-5. 2005
    ..These myths undermine tobacco control. However, comprehensive tobacco control programs that include anti-smoking public education campaigns can effectively counter these myths and prevent illness and premature death...
  13. ncbi request reprint Can tuberculosis be controlled?
    Thomas R Frieden
    Regional Office for South East Asia, World Health Organization, New Delhi, India
    Int J Epidemiol 31:894-9. 2002
    ..Tuberculosis (TB) is nearly 100% curable. However, the ability of medical and public health interventions to control TB, particularly in developing countries, is often doubted...
  14. ncbi request reprint TB prevention in HIV clinics in New York City
    J E Sackoff
    New York City Department of Health, Office of AIDS Research, New York 10013, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5:123-8. 2001
    ..Ten hospital-based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) clinics in New York City...
  15. ncbi request reprint The status and prospects of tuberculosis control in India
    G R Khatri
    Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, India
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 4:193-200. 2000
    ..India, where much of the global strategy for tuberculosis control was established, but where, every year, there are an estimated 2 million cases of tuberculosis...
  16. pmc Rapid DOTS expansion in India
    G R Khatri
    Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi, 110 011, India
    Bull World Health Organ 80:457-63. 2002
    ..However, this can only happen if the delivery programme is appropriately designed and effectively managed...
  17. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of tuberculin skin test positivity and conversions among healthcare workers in New York City during 1994 to 2001
    Sharlette Cook
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Bureau of Tuberculosis Control, New York City, New York 10013, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:807-13. 2003
    ..To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for tuberculin skin test positivity and conversion among New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene employees...
  18. ncbi request reprint Ensuring accountability: the contribution of the cohort review method to tuberculosis control in New York City
    S S Munsiff
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, 10007, USA
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 10:1133-9. 2006
    ..In 1993, the New York City (NYC) Bureau of Tuberculosis Control developed the cohort review process as a quality assurance method to track and improve patient outcomes...
  19. doi request reprint Public health requirements for rapid progress in global health
    T R Frieden
    New York City Health Department, New York, NY, USA
    Glob Public Health 4:323-37. 2009
    ....
  20. pmc Contributions of a local health examination survey to the surveillance of chronic and infectious diseases in New York City
    R Charon Gwynn
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W 168th St, 13th Floor, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:152-9. 2009
    ..We sought to evaluate the contribution of the New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NYC-HANES) to local public health surveillance...
  21. doi request reprint Do medical students know enough about smoking to help their future patients? Assessment of New York City fourth-year medical students' knowledge of tobacco cessation and treatment for nicotine addiction
    Carolyn M Springer
    Adelphi University, Derner Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, Garden City, New York, USA
    Acad Med 83:982-9. 2008
    ..Few studies have assessed medical student knowledge in this area. This study examined New York City fourth-year medical students' knowledge of tobacco cessation and treatment of nicotine addiction...
  22. ncbi request reprint Free nicotine patch giveaway program 12-month follow-up of participants
    K Michael Cummings
    Department of Health Behavior, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York 14263, USA
    Am J Prev Med 31:181-4. 2006
    ..To estimate the effectiveness of a free nicotine patch giveaway program offered to New York City (NYC) smokers conducted in 2003...
  23. pmc Shortchanged? An assessment of chronic disease programming in major US city health departments
    Mari Georgeson
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY 10013, USA
    J Urban Health 82:183-90. 2005
    ..7 million dollars, an average of 0.24 dollars per capita. The group described successful chronic disease interventions, particularly related to tobacco and asthma...
  24. pmc Tracking diabetes: New York City's A1C Registry
    Shadi Chamany
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, NY, USA
    Milbank Q 87:547-70. 2009
    ..But mandatory A1C reporting has provoked debate regarding the role of public health agencies in the control of noncommunicable diseases and, more specifically, both privacy and the doctor-patient relationship...
  25. pmc Controlling multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and access to expensive drugs: a rational framework
    Ariel Pablos-Mendez
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 80:489-95; discussion 495-500. 2002
    ..The interval between the two depends on the local context and resources. As funds are allocated to treat MDR-TB, human and financial resources should be increased to expand DOTS worldwide...
  26. pmc Trends and racial/ethnic disparities in gestational diabetes among pregnant women in New York City, 1990-2001
    Lorna E Thorpe
    NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth St, Room 315 CN6, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Am J Public Health 95:1536-9. 2005
    ..Given risks for adverse fetal outcomes and maternal chronic diabetes, prompt screening is critical. Metabolic control should be maintained during pregnancy and assessed postpartum for women with gestational diabetes...
  27. doi request reprint New York City's fight over calorie labeling
    Thomas A Farley
    New York City Health Department, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 28:w1098-109. 2009
    ..The experience shows that state and local health departments can use their existing authority over restaurants to combat obesity and, indirectly, chronic diseases...
  28. doi request reprint Deaths preventable in the U.S. by improvements in use of clinical preventive services
    Thomas A Farley
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York 10013, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:600-9. 2010
    ..Healthcare reform plans refer to improved quality, but there is little quantification of potential health benefits of quality care...
  29. ncbi request reprint Applying public health principles to the HIV epidemic
    Thomas R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:2397-402. 2005
  30. pmc Public health detailing: a strategy to improve the delivery of clinical preventive services in New York City
    Kelly Larson
    Public Health Detailing Program, New York City Dept of Health and Mental Hygiene, 2 Lafayette St, 20th Flr, CN 46, New York, NY 10007, USA
    Public Health Rep 121:228-34. 2006
    ..The effectiveness of this intervention in improving clinical prevention services requires further evaluation...
  31. pmc Study design and participation rates of the New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2004
    Lorna E Thorpe
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth St, Room 315, CN 6, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 3:A94. 2006
    ..The New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NYC HANES) was designed as a new local surveillance initiative to determine the prevalence of health conditions among adult residents of New York City...
  32. pmc Striving toward comprehensive HIV/AIDS surveillance: the view from New York City
    Lucia V Torian
    HIV Epidemiology Program, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth St, CN 44, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Public Health Rep 122:4-6. 2007
  33. ncbi request reprint Cholesterol control beyond the clinic: New York City's trans fat restriction
    Sonia Y Angell
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York 10007, USA
    Ann Intern Med 151:129-34. 2009
    ..Public health efforts that change food content to make default choices healthier enable consumers to more successfully meet dietary recommendations and reduce their cardiovascular risk...
  34. pmc An overview of 9/11 experiences and respiratory and mental health conditions among World Trade Center Health Registry enrollees
    Mark Farfel
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
    J Urban Health 85:880-909. 2008
    ....
  35. pmc Purchasing behavior and calorie information at fast-food chains in New York City, 2007
    Mary T Bassett
    Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 125 Worth Street, Room 345, CN 24, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1457-9. 2008
    ..01). Fast-food chains should display calorie information prominently at point of purchase, where it can be seen and used to inform purchases...
  36. pmc Mass smallpox vaccination and cardiac deaths, New York City, 1947
    Lorna E Thorpe
    Division of Epidemiology, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York 10013, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 10:917-20. 2004
    ..No increases in cardiac deaths were observed...
  37. pmc Prevalence and control of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose in New York City
    Lorna E Thorpe
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, New York, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:57-62. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence of diabetes and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and to assess clinical management indicators among adults with diabetes in a representative sample of New York City adults...
  38. doi request reprint Secondhand smoke exposure among nonsmokers nationally and in New York City
    Jennifer A Ellis
    Bureau of Tobacco Control, Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 11:362-70. 2009
    ..We describe smoking prevalence and secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure among adult nonsmokers in New York City (NYC) across key demographic strata and compare exposure estimates with those found nationally...
  39. ncbi request reprint The New York City Smoke-Free Air Act: second-hand smoke as a worker health and safety issue
    Christina Chang
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, 10013, USA
    Am J Ind Med 46:188-95. 2004
    ..Continued exposure to second-hand smoke in New York City prompted a renewed debate about a broader smoke-free air law...
  40. pmc Childhood obesity in New York City elementary school students
    Lorna E Thorpe
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Division of Epidemiology, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1496-500. 2004
    ..We estimated overweight and obesity in New York City elementary school children...
  41. ncbi request reprint Seasonality of tuberculosis in India: is it real and what does it tell us?
    Lorna E Thorpe
    Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta GA, USA
    Lancet 364:1613-4. 2004
    ..General health-seeking behaviour artifact was ruled out. Seasonality was highest in paediatric cases, suggesting variation in recent transmission...
  42. pmc Obesity and diabetes in New York City, 2002 and 2004
    Gretchen Van Wye
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Division of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, 158 East 115th Street, Room 300, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 5:A48. 2008
    ..We undertook this study to characterize trends in obesity and diagnosed diabetes from 2002 to 2004 among white, black, and Hispanic adult residents of New York City...
  43. pmc The volume and capacity of colonoscopy procedures performed at New York City hospitals in 2002
    Jennifer C F Leng
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth St, Room 315, CN6, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 2:A09. 2005
    ..To screen all eligible adults in New York City would require that approximately 200,000 colonoscopy exams be performed annually. As part of this recommendation, we evaluated current colonoscopy capacity in New York City hospitals...
  44. pmc Smoking practices in New York City: the use of a population-based survey to guide policy-making and programming
    Farzad Mostashari
    Bureau of Epidemiology Services, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY 10013, USA
    J Urban Health 82:58-70. 2005
    ..In conclusion, large, local surveys can provide essential data to effectively advocate for, plan, implement, and evaluate a comprehensive tobacco control program...
  45. ncbi request reprint Population prevalence of reported and unreported HIV and related behaviors among the household adult population in New York City, 2004
    Trang Quyen Nguyen
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York City, NY 10013, USA
    AIDS 22:281-7. 2008
    ..Surveillance for HIV likely underestimates infection among the general population: 25% of US residents are estimated to be unaware of their HIV infection...
  46. doi request reprint Prevalence of adult male circumcision in the general population and a population at increased risk for HIV/AIDS in New York City
    Christy M McKinney
    Houston School of Public Health, University of Texas, Dallas, Texas 75390 9128, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 35:814-7. 2008
  47. pmc Demographic and behavioral factors associated with daily sugar-sweetened soda consumption in New York City adults
    Colin D Rehm
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Urban Health 85:375-85. 2008
    ..Improved surveillance and interventions are needed to better quantify and reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, especially in groups most impacted by obesity...
  48. ncbi request reprint Controlling tuberculosis in India
    G R Khatri
    Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi
    N Engl J Med 347:1420-5. 2002
    ..Tuberculosis kills nearly 500,000 people in India each year. Until recently, less than half of patients with tuberculosis received an accurate diagnosis, and less than half of those received effective treatment...
  49. ncbi request reprint Additional risk of developing TB for household members with a TB case at home at intake: a 15-year study
    S Radhakrishna
    Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chennai, India
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:282-8. 2007
    ..To assess the additional risk to household contacts from an infectious case of tuberculosis (TB) at home in a rural community in south India...
  50. ncbi request reprint Directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS): ensuring cure of tuberculosis
    T R Frieden
    Regional Office for South East Asia, World Health Organization, Indraprastha Estate, Ring Road, New Delhi 110002, India
    Indian J Pediatr 67:S21-7. 2000
    ..India and other countries are in the process of rapid expansion of the DOTS strategy. Constructive cooperation from all sectors will be required for success of the programme...
  51. ncbi request reprint Chronic liver disease in central Harlem: the role of alcohol and viral hepatitis
    T R Frieden
    New York City Department of Health, New York, USA
    Hepatology 29:883-8. 1999
    ..Morbidity and mortality from liver disease could be decreased further by a reduction in alcohol consumption among persons who have chronic HBV and HCV infection, avoidance of needle sharing, and hepatitis B vaccination...
  52. doi request reprint Risk factors for delayed initiation of medical care after diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus
    Lucia V Torian
    HIV AIDS Epidemiology and Field Services Program, Bureau of HIV AIDS Prevention and Control, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 346 Broadway, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1181-7. 2008
    ..We used routine surveillance data to measure time to initiation of care in New York City residents diagnosed as having HIV by positive Western blot test in 2003...
  53. pmc Ethics in public health research: privacy and public health at risk: public health confidentiality in the digital age
    Julie Myers
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 125 Worth St, Rm 331, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:793-801. 2008
    ..Tightened physical and electronic controls can prevent misuse of data, minimize the risk of security breaches, and help maintain the reputation and integrity of public health agencies...
  54. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of a large-scale distribution programme of free nicotine patches: a prospective evaluation
    Nancy Miller
    New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY 10013, USA
    Lancet 365:1849-54. 2005
    ..We did a 6 month follow-up survey to assess the success of this programme in improving smoking cessation on a population basis...
  55. pmc Molecular epidemiology of tuberculosis in a rural area of high prevalence in South India: implications for disease control and prevention
    Sujatha Narayanan
    Tuberculosis Research Centre, Chetput, Chennai, India
    J Clin Microbiol 40:4785-8. 2002
    ..These findings suggest that the majority of the tuberculosis cases in south India were due to reactivation; therefore, efforts to control tuberculosis should be sustained...
  56. pmc Asleep at the switch: local public health and chronic disease
    Thomas R Frieden
    Am J Public Health 94:2059-61. 2004
  57. pmc Inefficiency of 0.3% carbol fuchsin in ziehl-neelsen staining for detecting acid-fast bacilli
    N Selvakumar
    Tuberculosis Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chennai, 600 031 Tamil Nadu, India
    J Clin Microbiol 40:3041-3. 2002
    ..The World Health Organization recommendation of 0.3% carbol fuchsin in the ZN method for staining AFB needs to be reconsidered...
  58. pmc Contribution of medical colleges to tuberculosis control in India under the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Programme (RNTCP): lessons learnt & challenges ahead
    Surendra K Sharma
    Department of Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
    Indian J Med Res 137:283-94. 2013
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint A survey of tuberculosis hospitals in India
    A A Singh
    Stop TB Department, World Health Organization, 5th Floor, A Wing, Nirman Bhavan, New Delhi, India
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 8:1255-9. 2004
    ..Hospitals with beds for tuberculosis (TB) in India...
  60. ncbi request reprint Screening for colorectal cancer
    Gabriel E Feldman
    JAMA 290:191; author reply 192. 2003
  61. ncbi request reprint Management of latent tuberculosis infection in immigrants
    Timothy Sterling
    N Engl J Med 348:1289-92; author reply 1289-92. 2003
  62. pmc Impact of DOTS compared with DOTS-plus on multidrug resistant tuberculosis and tuberculosis deaths: decision analysis
    Timothy R Sterling
    Johns Hopkins University Center for Tuberculosis Research, 424 N Bond Street, Baltimore, MD 21231, USA
    BMJ 326:574. 2003
    ..This study sought to determine the impact of the World Health Organization's directly observed treatment strategy (DOTS) compared with that of DOTS-plus on tuberculosis deaths, mainly in the developing world...
  63. pmc New York City's diabetes reporting system helps patients and physicians
    Thomas R Frieden
    Am J Public Health 98:1543-4; author reply 1544. 2008
  64. ncbi request reprint Local knowledge to enable local action
    Jonathan E Fielding
    Am J Prev Med 27:183-4. 2004
  65. pmc Evaluation of the phenol ammonium sulfate sedimentation smear microscopy method for diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis
    N Selvakumar
    Tuberculosis Research Centre ICMR, Chetput, Chennai, India
    J Clin Microbiol 40:3017-20. 2002
    ..The PhAS method was better accepted by the laboratory technicians and safer but necessitates an overnight sedimentation, which delays reporting of results until 1 day after sputum collection...
  66. ncbi request reprint Tuberculosis control: critical lessons learnt
    Thomas R Frieden
    Indian J Med Res 121:140-2. 2005
  67. ncbi request reprint Childhood obesity on the front lines
    Susan B Foerster
    Cancer Prevention and Nutrition Section, California Department of Public Health, Sacramento, California 95899 7413, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:S175-7. 2007
  68. ncbi request reprint Lack of directly observed treatment affects tuberculosis relapse rates
    Thomas R Frieden
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 173:359; author reply 359. 2006
  69. ncbi request reprint The New York case: lessons being learned
    Thomas R Frieden
    Ann Intern Med 143:760. 2005
  70. ncbi request reprint Association of initial tuberculin sensitivity, age and sex with the incidence of tuberculosis in south India: a 15-year follow-up
    S Radhakrishna
    Institute for Research in Medical Statistics, Madras Chapter ICMR
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 7:1083-91. 2003
    ..To determine the association of initial tuberculin sensitivity, age and sex with the development of tuberculosis...
  71. ncbi request reprint The global tuberculosis situation. Progress and problems in the 20th century, prospects for the 21st century
    J Peter Cegielski
    Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 16:1-58. 2002
    ..Still, recent developments in immunology, biochemistry, and molecular biology suggest that new knowledge and tools are just around the corner. These will enhance the ability to conquer this microbe by the end of the current century...
  72. pmc Processing sputum specimens in a refrigerated centrifuge does not increase the rate of isolation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    N Selvakumar
    Tuberculosis Research Center, Indian Council of Medical Research, Chennai, India
    J Clin Microbiol 41:469-71. 2003
    ..001). The results of the study reveal that processing of sputum samples in a refrigerated centrifuge does not improve the rate of isolation but will result in rapid isolation of M. tuberculosis...
  73. pmc Obesity in the 21st century
    Maida P Galvez
    Environ Health Perspect 111:A684-5. 2003
  74. ncbi request reprint Outcomes of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis treatment in HIV-positive patients in New York City, 1990-1997
    Thomas R Frieden
    Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 11:116. 2007
  75. pmc Take Care New York: a focused health policy
    Thomas R Frieden
    J Urban Health 81:314-6. 2004
  76. pmc Written consent for human immunodeficiency virus testing
    Julie E Myers
    Public Health Rep 122:433-4. 2007
  77. ncbi request reprint Family observation of antituberculosis treatment
    Thomas R Frieden
    Lancet 367:2055; author reply 2055-6. 2006
  78. doi request reprint Prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of depression and generalized anxiety disorder in a diverse urban community
    R Charon Gwynn
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 59:641-7. 2008
    ..This study assessed the prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of major depressive disorder and generalized anxiety disorder among New York City adults...