ROY BAUMEISTER

Summary

Affiliation: Florida State University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint The performance of narcissists rises and falls with perceived opportunity for glory
    Harry M Wallace
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 82:819-34. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem"
    Jon K Maner
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:42-55. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Replenishing connectedness: reminders of social activity reduce aggression after social exclusion
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
    Br J Soc Psychol 46:205-24. 2007
  4. doi request reprint Maybe it helps to be conscious, after all
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301 http www psy fsu edu faculty baumeister dp html
    Behav Brain Sci 37:20-1. 2014
  5. doi request reprint Individual identity and freedom of choice in the context of environmental and economic conditions
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301 http www psy fsu edu baumeistertice index html http www psy fsu edu ehrlingerlab Park Park html http www psy fsu edu baumeistertice ainsworth html
    Behav Brain Sci 36:484; discussion 503-21. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Prosocial benefits of feeling free: disbelief in free will increases aggression and reduces helpfulness
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:260-8. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Self-regulation and personality: how interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    J Pers 74:1773-801. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Conscious thought is for facilitating social and cultural interactions: how mental simulations serve the animal-culture interface
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301, USA
    Psychol Rev 117:945-71. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint Arguing, reasoning, and the interpersonal (cultural) functions of human consciousness
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301 http www psy fsu edu baumeistertice index html
    Behav Brain Sci 34:74. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Do conscious thoughts cause behavior?
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 62:331-61. 2011

Research Grants

  1. Destructive Effects of Social Rejection
    ROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. EGO DEPLETION PATTERNS AND SELF-CONTROL FAILURE
    ROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2001

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. ncbi request reprint The performance of narcissists rises and falls with perceived opportunity for glory
    Harry M Wallace
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 82:819-34. 2002
    ..Other findings suggested that narcissists' self-enhancement motivation stems more from a desire to garner admiration than from a desire to self-evaluate. Implications and directions for future research are discussed...
  2. ncbi request reprint Does social exclusion motivate interpersonal reconnection? Resolving the "porcupine problem"
    Jon K Maner
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:42-55. 2007
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Replenishing connectedness: reminders of social activity reduce aggression after social exclusion
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA
    Br J Soc Psychol 46:205-24. 2007
    ..The effect was mediated by trust in other people but not by state self-esteem or mood. Rejected participants who have an alternative source of social connection eschew the increased aggression usually displayed after social exclusion...
  4. doi request reprint Maybe it helps to be conscious, after all
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301 http www psy fsu edu faculty baumeister dp html
    Behav Brain Sci 37:20-1. 2014
    ..Yet, consciousness has advantages that the unconscious does not. We discuss how consciousness causes behavior, drawing conclusions from large-scale literature reviews. ..
  5. doi request reprint Individual identity and freedom of choice in the context of environmental and economic conditions
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301 http www psy fsu edu baumeistertice index html http www psy fsu edu ehrlingerlab Park Park html http www psy fsu edu baumeistertice ainsworth html
    Behav Brain Sci 36:484; discussion 503-21. 2013
    ..Some cultural groups promote individual freedom, whereas others constrict it so as to maintain elites' power and privilege. Thus, freedom is, to a great extent, a creation of culture...
  6. doi request reprint Prosocial benefits of feeling free: disbelief in free will increases aggression and reduces helpfulness
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 35:260-8. 2009
    ..Although the findings do not speak to the existence of free will, the current results suggest that disbelief in free will reduces helping and increases aggression...
  7. ncbi request reprint Self-regulation and personality: how interventions increase regulatory success, and how depletion moderates the effects of traits on behavior
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    J Pers 74:1773-801. 2006
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Conscious thought is for facilitating social and cultural interactions: how mental simulations serve the animal-culture interface
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301, USA
    Psychol Rev 117:945-71. 2010
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Arguing, reasoning, and the interpersonal (cultural) functions of human consciousness
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301 http www psy fsu edu baumeistertice index html
    Behav Brain Sci 34:74. 2011
    ..These mesh well with the argument theory of reasoning. In broader context, the distinctively human traits are adaptations for culture and inner processes serve interpersonal functions...
  10. doi request reprint Do conscious thoughts cause behavior?
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 62:331-61. 2011
    ..It is plausible that almost every human behavior comes from a mixture of conscious and unconscious processing...
  11. ncbi request reprint Cultural variations in the sexual marketplace: gender equality correlates with more sexual activity
    Roy F Baumeister
    Florida State University, Department of Psychology, 1107 W Call St, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301, USA
    J Soc Psychol 151:350-60. 2011
    ..Consistent with predictions, relatively high gender equality was associated with more casual sex, more sex partners per capita, younger ages for first sex, and greater tolerance/approval of premarital sex...
  12. doi request reprint Self and identity: a brief overview of what they are, what they do, and how they work
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 4301, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1234:48-55. 2011
    ..The self is not contained in the brain, but rather the human brain learns to operate a self...
  13. doi request reprint How emotion shapes behavior: feedback, anticipation, and reflection, rather than direct causation
    Roy F Baumeister
    Florida State University, Florida, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 11:167-203. 2007
    ..To justify replacing the direct causation model with the feedback model, the authors review a large body of empirical findings...
  14. doi request reprint Terror management theory and self-esteem revisited: the roles of implicit and explicit self-esteem in mortality salience effects
    Brandon J Schmeichel
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4235, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:1077-87. 2009
    ....
  15. ncbi request reprint Narcissism, sexual refusal, and aggression: testing a narcissistic reactance model of sexual coercion
    Brad J Bushman
    Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 84:1027-40. 2003
    ..In Study 3, narcissists were more punitive than other men toward a female confederate who refused to read a sexually arousing passage aloud to them...
  16. doi request reprint Not so innocent: does seeing one's own capacity for wrongdoing predict forgiveness?
    Julie Juola Exline
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:495-515. 2008
    ..The personal capability effect was independent of other established predictors of forgiveness and was more pronounced among men than women...
  17. doi request reprint Evidence that logical reasoning depends on conscious processing
    C Nathan DeWall
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, 201 Kastle Hall, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Conscious Cogn 17:628-45. 2008
    ..Meanwhile, stimulating the conscious goal of reasoning well led to improvements in reasoning performance (Experiment 4). These findings offer evidence that logical reasoning is aided by the conscious, reflective processing system...
  18. pmc It's the thought that counts: The role of hostile cognition in shaping aggressive responses to social exclusion
    C Nathan DeWall
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 96:45-59. 2009
    ..These findings provide a first step in resolving the mystery of why social exclusion produces aggression...
  19. ncbi request reprint Social exclusion decreases prosocial behavior
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 4611, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:56-66. 2007
    ..The implication is that rejection temporarily interferes with emotional responses, thereby impairing the capacity for empathic understanding of others, and as a result, any inclination to help or cooperate with them is undermined...
  20. ncbi request reprint Social exclusion and the deconstructed state: time perception, meaninglessness, lethargy, lack of emotion, and self-awareness
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, California 92182 4611, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:409-23. 2003
    ..Excluded participants also tried to escape from self-awareness by facing away from a mirror (Experiment 6)...
  21. doi request reprint The physiology of willpower: linking blood glucose to self-control
    Matthew T Gailliot
    Florida State University, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 11:303-27. 2007
    ..Self-control thus appears highly susceptible to glucose. Self-control benefits numerous social and interpersonal processes. Glucose might therefore be related to a broad range of social behavior...
  22. doi request reprint Toward a physiology of dual-process reasoning and judgment: lemonade, willpower, and expensive rule-based analysis
    E J Masicampo
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 4301, USA
    Psychol Sci 19:255-60. 2008
    ..Only lemonade with sugar reduced the attraction effect. These results show one way in which the body (blood glucose) interacts with the mind (self-control and reliance on heuristics)...
  23. doi request reprint Depletion makes the heart grow less helpful: helping as a function of self-regulatory energy and genetic relatedness
    C Nathan DeWall
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 34:1653-62. 2008
    ..Helping requires self-regulatory energy to manage conflict between selfish and prosocial motivations-a metabolically expensive process-and thus depleted energy reduces helping and increased energy (glucose) increases helping...
  24. ncbi request reprint What's so funny about not having money? The effects of power on laughter
    Tyler F Stillman
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, FL 32306, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 33:1547-58. 2007
    ..Low power also increased laughing at a fellow low-power coworker. These findings suggest that low power motivates interest in making friends and hence increases behaviors that promote social bonding...
  25. ncbi request reprint Self-control relies on glucose as a limited energy source: willpower is more than a metaphor
    Matthew T Gailliot
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 92:325-36. 2007
    ..Self-control requires a certain amount of glucose to operate unimpaired. A single act of self-control causes glucose to drop below optimal levels, thereby impairing subsequent attempts at self-control...
  26. ncbi request reprint High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success
    June P Tangney
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, 4400 University Drive, Fairfax, VA 22030 4444, USA
    J Pers 72:271-324. 2004
    ..Low self-control is thus a significant risk factor for a broad range of personal and interpersonal problems...
  27. ncbi request reprint Sexual economics: sex as female resource for social exchange in heterosexual interactions
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 8:339-63. 2004
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Social exclusion impairs self-regulation
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:589-604. 2005
    ..Thus, rejected people are capable of self-regulation but are normally disinclined to make the effort...
  29. ncbi request reprint Alone but feeling no pain: Effects of social exclusion on physical pain tolerance and pain threshold, affective forecasting, and interpersonal empathy
    C Nathan DeWall
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 91:1-15. 2006
    ..The insensitivities to pain and emotion were highly intercorrelated...
  30. ncbi request reprint Self-regulatory processes defend against the threat of death: Effects of self-control depletion and trait self-control on thoughts and fears of dying
    Matthew T Gailliot
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 91:49-62. 2006
    ..These results suggest that self-regulation is a key intrapsychic mechanism for alleviating troublesome thoughts and feelings about mortality...
  31. ncbi request reprint Increasing self-regulatory strength can reduce the depleting effect of suppressing stereotypes
    Matthew T Gailliot
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 33:281-94. 2007
    ..These findings indicate that self-regulatory exercise can improve resistance to self-regulatory depletion and, consequently, people can suppress stereotypes without suffering subsequent decrements in task performance...
  32. ncbi request reprint Self-regulation and sexual restraint: dispositionally and temporarily poor self-regulatory abilities contribute to failures at restraining sexual behavior
    Matthew T Gailliot
    Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306 1270, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 33:173-86. 2007
    ..Furthermore, there was some evidence that the effects of diminished self-control were strongest among those with the strongest sexual desires (men and sexually unrestricted individuals) and among couples with less sexual experience...
  33. doi request reprint Rejection elicits emotional reactions but neither causes immediate distress nor lowers self-esteem: a meta-analytic review of 192 studies on social exclusion
    Ginette C Blackhart
    Department of Psychology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Rev 13:269-309. 2009
    ..Self-esteem among rejected persons was no different from neutral controls. These findings are discussed in terms of belongingness motivation, sociometer theory, affective numbing, and self-esteem defenses...
  34. ncbi request reprint Effects of social exclusion on cognitive processes: anticipated aloneness reduces intelligent thought
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:817-27. 2002
    ..The cognitive impairments appeared to involve reductions in both speed (effort) and accuracy. The effect was not mediated by mood...
  35. ncbi request reprint Intellectual performance and ego depletion: role of the self in logical reasoning and other information processing
    Brandon J Schmeichel
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 85:33-46. 2003
    ..Successful performance at complex thinking may therefore rely on limited regulatory resources...
  36. doi request reprint Acetaminophen reduces social pain: behavioral and neural evidence
    C Nathan DeWall
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Sci 21:931-7. 2010
    ..Thus, acetaminophen reduces behavioral and neural responses associated with the pain of social rejection, demonstrating substantial overlap between social and physical pain...
  37. pmc Satiated with belongingness? Effects of acceptance, rejection, and task framing on self-regulatory performance
    C Nathan DeWall
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40605 0044, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 95:1367-82. 2008
    ..Accepted people are normally good at self-regulation but are unwilling to exert the effort to self-regulate if self-regulation means gaining the social acceptance they have already obtained...
  38. ncbi request reprint Too proud to let go: narcissistic entitlement as a barrier to forgiveness
    Julie Juola Exline
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH 44106 7123, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 87:894-912. 2004
    ..Study 6 demonstrated that entitlement predicted diminished increases in forgiveness over time. Taken together, these results suggest that narcissistic entitlement is a robust, distinct predictor of unforgiveness...
  39. doi request reprint Is the allure of self-esteem a mirage after all?
    Joachim I Krueger
    Department of Psychology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Am Psychol 63:64-5; discussion 65-6. 2008
    ..As members of that task force, the current authors wish to express their broad agreement with Swann et al. At the same time, in the comment presented here, they clarify pockets of disagreement...
  40. ncbi request reprint From terror to joy: automatic tuning to positive affective information following mortality salience
    C Nathan DeWall
    Department of Psychology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506 0044, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:984-90. 2007
    ..These findings shed light on the coping process that ensues immediately following mortality salience and help to explain why a delay is often necessary to produce effects in line with terror management theory...
  41. ncbi request reprint Ego depletion and self-regulation failure: a resource model of self-control
    Roy F Baumeister
    Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 27:281-4. 2003
    ..The self's resources, which are also used for decision-making and active responding, can be replenished by rest and positive emotions...
  42. ncbi request reprint Social exclusion causes self-defeating behavior
    Jean M Twenge
    Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, California 92182 4611, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 83:606-15. 2002
    ..Thus, the effect goes beyond just hearing bad news. Emotional distress did not significantly mediate these effects across 3 different mood measures...
  43. doi request reprint Making choices impairs subsequent self-control: a limited-resource account of decision making, self-regulation, and active initiative
    Kathleen D Vohs
    Marketing Department, Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 94:883-98. 2008
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Self-regulation and self-presentation: regulatory resource depletion impairs impression management and effortful self-presentation depletes regulatory resources
    Kathleen D Vohs
    Marketing Division, Sauder School of Business, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
    J Pers Soc Psychol 88:632-57. 2005
    ..Thus, inner processes may serve interpersonal functions, although optimal interpersonal activity exacts a short-term cost...
  45. ncbi request reprint Exploding the self-esteem myth
    Roy F Baumeister
    Sci Am 292:70-7. 2005
  46. ncbi request reprint Your money or your self-esteem: threatened egotism promotes costly entrapment in losing endeavors
    Liqing Zhang
    Department of Social and Decision Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    Pers Soc Psychol Bull 32:881-93. 2006
    ..Thus, pursuing favorable views of the self could be costly to decision makers' financial well-being and may produce self-defeating behaviors...

Research Grants11

  1. Destructive Effects of Social Rejection
    ROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The fifth project will examine social exclusion outside the laboratory, in order to elucidate how exclusion affects people in everyday life. ..
  2. EGO DEPLETION PATTERNS AND SELF-CONTROL FAILURE
    ROY BAUMEISTER; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The fourth section will explore several implications and applications of the depletion of self: vulnerability to loss of self-esteem from ego threat; prejudice; procrastination; and overeating. ..