Viola Vaccarino

Summary

Affiliation: Emory University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in health status after coronary artery bypass surgery
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1256 Briarcliff Rd, Suite 1 North, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Circulation 108:2642-7. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in recovery after coronary artery bypass surgery
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 41:307-14. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Differences between African Americans and whites in the outcome of heart failure: Evidence for a greater functional decline in African Americans
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Am Heart J 143:1058-67. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in hospital mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery: evidence for a higher mortality in younger women
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Circulation 105:1176-81. 2002
  5. pmc Common genetic contributions to depressive symptoms and inflammatory markers in middle-aged men: the Twins Heart Study
    Shaoyong Su
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 1256 Briarcliff Road NE, Suite 1 North, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Psychosom Med 71:152-8. 2009
  6. pmc Differences in systemic oxidative stress based on race and the metabolic syndrome: the Morehouse and Emory Team up to Eliminate Health Disparities (META-Health) study
    Alanna A Morris
    Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 10:252-9. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Impact of depression on sex differences in outcome after myocardial infarction
    Susmita Parashar
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2:33-40. 2009
  8. pmc Association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and oxidative stress
    Jun Dai
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory Program in Cardiovascular Outcomes Research and Epidemiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1364-70. 2008
  9. pmc Association of major depressive disorder with serum myeloperoxidase and other markers of inflammation: a twin study
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 64:476-83. 2008
  10. pmc Common genes contribute to depressive symptoms and heart rate variability: the Twins Heart Study
    Shaoyong Su
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Twin Res Hum Genet 13:1-9. 2010

Detail Information

Publications111 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in health status after coronary artery bypass surgery
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1256 Briarcliff Rd, Suite 1 North, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Circulation 108:2642-7. 2003
    ..Although previous studies have shown functional improvements in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, data are conflicting on whether the gains achieved by women are similar to or less than those achieved by men...
  2. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in recovery after coronary artery bypass surgery
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 41:307-14. 2003
    ..This study was designed to examine whether female gender is associated with poorer recovery after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery...
  3. ncbi request reprint Differences between African Americans and whites in the outcome of heart failure: Evidence for a greater functional decline in African Americans
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Am Heart J 143:1058-67. 2002
    ..This might, in part, reflect a poorer course of heart failure among African Americans...
  4. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in hospital mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery: evidence for a higher mortality in younger women
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Circulation 105:1176-81. 2002
    ..Younger but not older women hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction have higher in-hospital mortality rates than men. We hypothesized that younger women also have higher in-hospital mortality rates after CABG...
  5. pmc Common genetic contributions to depressive symptoms and inflammatory markers in middle-aged men: the Twins Heart Study
    Shaoyong Su
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 1256 Briarcliff Road NE, Suite 1 North, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Psychosom Med 71:152-8. 2009
    ..Recent data suggested that MDD and inflammation share common genes...
  6. pmc Differences in systemic oxidative stress based on race and the metabolic syndrome: the Morehouse and Emory Team up to Eliminate Health Disparities (META-Health) study
    Alanna A Morris
    Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 10:252-9. 2012
    ..We sought to investigate whether oxidative stress would be higher in African Americans compared to whites independently of traditional risk factor burden...
  7. doi request reprint Impact of depression on sex differences in outcome after myocardial infarction
    Susmita Parashar
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes 2:33-40. 2009
    ..Depressive symptoms predict adverse post-MI outcomes and are more prevalent among women than men. We examined whether depressive symptoms contribute to women's worse outcomes after MI...
  8. pmc Association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and oxidative stress
    Jun Dai
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory Program in Cardiovascular Outcomes Research and Epidemiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:1364-70. 2008
    ..The cardioprotective property of the Mediterranean diet has been attributed to its antioxidant capacity, but direct investigation of this mechanism has been limited...
  9. pmc Association of major depressive disorder with serum myeloperoxidase and other markers of inflammation: a twin study
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 64:476-83. 2008
    ..We sought to examine whether MPO and other markers of inflammation are associated with MDD and whether the association is confounded by genetic or other shared familial factors...
  10. pmc Common genes contribute to depressive symptoms and heart rate variability: the Twins Heart Study
    Shaoyong Su
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Twin Res Hum Genet 13:1-9. 2010
    ..These results suggest that a common neurobiological dysfunction links depression and autonomic dysregulation...
  11. pmc Age, BMI, and race are less important than random plasma glucose in identifying risk of glucose intolerance: the Screening for Impaired Glucose Tolerance Study (SIGT 5)
    David C Ziemer
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:884-6. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Social support as a predictor of participation in cardiac rehabilitation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery
    Liudmila Husak
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    J Cardiopulm Rehabil 24:19-26. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of social support as an independent predictor of participation in cardiac rehabilitation...
  13. pmc A twin study of metabolic syndrome and autonomic tone
    Anil K Gehi
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7075, USA
    J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 20:422-8. 2009
    ..One possible mechanism of higher cardiovascular mortality associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) may be through abnormal modulation in autonomic tone...
  14. pmc Genetic and environmental influences on systemic markers of inflammation in middle-aged male twins
    Shaoyong Su
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Atherosclerosis 200:213-20. 2008
    ..The aims of this study were to determine the relative influence of genetic and environmental contributions to inflammatory biomarkers, and to what extent correlations among these markers are due to genetic or environmental factors...
  15. doi request reprint Glucose-independent, black-white differences in hemoglobin A1c levels: a cross-sectional analysis of 2 studies
    David C Ziemer
    Division of Endocrinology, Emory University School of Medicine, 49 Jesse Hill Jr Drive SE, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Ann Intern Med 152:770-7. 2010
    ..A previous study of participants with prediabetes found that hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) levels differed between black and white participants with no differences in glucose concentration...
  16. pmc Effects of smoking on coronary microcirculatory function: a twin study
    Cherie Rooks
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Atherosclerosis 215:500-6. 2011
    ..Inflammation and oxidative stress may be the mechanisms through which smoking affects the microvasculature...
  17. pmc Sex and racial differences in the management of acute myocardial infarction, 1994 through 2002
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:671-82. 2005
    ..Although increased attention has been paid to sex and racial differences in the management of myocardial infarction, it is unknown whether these differences have narrowed over time...
  18. pmc The "metabolic syndrome" is less useful than random plasma glucose to screen for glucose intolerance
    Eman A El Bassuoni
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Prim Care Diabetes 2:147-53. 2008
    ..To compare the utility of metabolic syndrome (MetS) to random plasma glucose (RPG) in identifying people with diabetes or prediabetes...
  19. pmc Major depression and coronary flow reserve detected by positron emission tomography
    Viola Vaccarino
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:1668-76. 2009
    ..We sought to examine the relationship between MDD and coronary flow reserve (CFR), the ratio of maximum flow during stress to flow at rest measured in milliliters per minute per gram of tissue...
  20. ncbi request reprint Time course of depression and outcome of myocardial infarction
    Susmita Parashar
    Divisions of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:2035-43. 2006
    ..Our objective was to evaluate the prognostic importance of transient, new, or persistent depression on outcomes at 6 months after MI...
  21. pmc Post-traumatic stress disorder and incidence of coronary heart disease: a twin study
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 62:970-8. 2013
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) using a prospective twin study design and objective measures of CHD...
  22. pmc Vitamin D status and coronary flow reserve measured by positron emission tomography: a co-twin control study
    Cristina Karohl
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 98:389-97. 2013
    ..Additionally, low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is associated with endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness. However, little is known about the association between serum 25(OH)D level and myocardial blood flow...
  23. pmc Random plasma glucose in serendipitous screening for glucose intolerance: screening for impaired glucose tolerance study 2
    David C Ziemer
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:528-35. 2008
    ..With positive results from diabetes prevention studies, there is interest in convenient ways to incorporate screening for glucose intolerance into routine care and to limit the need for fasting diagnostic tests...
  24. pmc Racial differences in arterial stiffness and microcirculatory function between Black and White Americans
    Alanna A Morris
    Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Am Heart Assoc 2:e002154. 2013
    ..We hypothesized that racial differences in the prevalence of CVD could be attributed, in part, to impaired vascular function in blacks after adjustment for differences in risk factor burden...
  25. doi request reprint The association between depression and leptin is mediated by adiposity
    Alanna A Morris
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Psychosom Med 74:483-8. 2012
    ..The link between leptin and depression could be mediated by obesity, which is more common in depression and increases leptin production...
  26. pmc Is heart rate variability related to memory performance in middle-aged men?
    Amit Jasvant Shah
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Psychosom Med 73:475-82. 2011
    ..Heart rate variability (HRV), a measure of autonomic function, has been associated with cognitive function, but studies are conflicting. Previous studies have also not controlled for familial and genetic influences...
  27. ncbi request reprint Sex-specific effects of diabetes on adverse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention: trends over time
    Kimberly P Champney
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Am Heart J 153:970-8. 2007
    ..Diabetes is a stronger risk factor for coronary heart disease in women than in men. Whether diabetes also poses greater risks to women after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been examined...
  28. pmc Inflammation is related to coronary flow reserve detected by positron emission tomography in asymptomatic male twins
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 57:1271-9. 2011
    ..This study sought to examine the relationship between inflammation and coronary microvascular function in asymptomatic individuals using positron emission tomography (PET) and assessment of coronary flow reserve (CFR)...
  29. pmc Many Americans have pre-diabetes and should be considered for metformin therapy
    Mary K Rhee
    Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Lipids, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Diabetes Care 33:49-54. 2010
    ..To determine the proportion of the American population who would merit metformin treatment, according to recent American Diabetes Association (ADA) consensus panel recommendations to prevent or delay the development of diabetes...
  30. ncbi request reprint Depressive symptoms after acute myocardial infarction: evidence for highest rates in younger women
    Susmita Mallik
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:876-83. 2006
    ..In the community, younger women are uniquely prone to depression. Whether younger women are also more likely to have depression during hospitalization with AMI is unknown...
  31. ncbi request reprint The relationship between plasma levels of oxidized and reduced thiols and early atherosclerosis in healthy adults
    Salman Ashfaq
    Division of Cardiology, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Wichita, Kansas, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 47:1005-11. 2006
    ..The study investigated the relationship between biomarkers of oxidative stress and early atherosclerosis...
  32. doi request reprint Baseline fractional flow reserve and stent diameter predict optimal post-stent fractional flow reserve and major adverse cardiac events after bare-metal stent deployment
    Habib Samady
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2:357-63. 2009
    ..We sought to identify baseline clinical, angiographic, and hemodynamic variables associated with optimal bare-metal stent (BMS) deployment, allowing selection of patients for treatment with BMS...
  33. doi request reprint Endothelial function and aminothiol biomarkers of oxidative stress in healthy adults
    Salman Ashfaq
    Division of Cardiology, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Wichita, USA
    Hypertension 52:80-5. 2008
    ....
  34. doi request reprint Depressive symptoms and heart rate variability: evidence for a shared genetic substrate in a study of twins
    Viola Vaccarino
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 1256 Briarcliff Road NE, Suite 1 North, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:628-36. 2008
    ..Furthermore, little is known about whether depression and HRV share common genetic pathways...
  35. ncbi request reprint Patients with depressive symptoms have lower health status benefits after coronary artery bypass surgery
    Susmita Mallik
    Department of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Room 473, Faculty Office Bldg, 49 Jesse Hill Jr Drive, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Circulation 111:271-7. 2005
    ..Depression is an established independent prognostic factor for mortality, readmission, and cardiac events after CABG surgery. However, limited data exist on whether depression influences functional outcomes after CABG...
  36. doi request reprint New-onset atrial fibrillation after acute myocardial infarction and its relation to admission biomarkers (from the TRIUMPH registry)
    Susmita Parashar
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia Electronic address
    Am J Cardiol 112:1390-5. 2013
    ..Our study suggests that markers of myocardial stretch and inflammation, but not the amount of myocardial necrosis, are important determinants of AF in the setting of AMI...
  37. doi request reprint A genetic risk variant for myocardial infarction on chromosome 6p24 is associated with impaired central hemodynamic indexes
    Riyaz S Patel
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Hypertens 25:797-803. 2012
    ..We hypothesized that those variants whose mechanism of risk is currently unknown, confer risk via pathways mediating arterial wave reflections which is an increasingly recognized risk factor for cardiovascular disease...
  38. pmc Habitual dietary sodium intake is inversely associated with coronary flow reserve in middle-aged male twins
    Silvia C Eufinger
    Nutrition and Health Sciences Program, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 95:572-9. 2012
    ..Evidence links dietary sodium to hypertension and cardiovascular disease (CVD), but investigation of its influence on cardiovascular function is limited...
  39. ncbi request reprint Depression, the metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk
    Viola Vaccarino
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, 1256 Briarcliff Road NE, Suite 1 North, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:40-8. 2008
    ..The relationship between depression and the metabolic syndrome is unclear, and whether metabolic syndrome explains the association between depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk is unknown...
  40. pmc Serotonin transporter gene, depressive symptoms, and interleukin-6
    Shaoyong Su
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Genet 2:614-20. 2009
    ..We explored the relationship of genetic variants of the serotonin transporter gene SLC6A4, a key regulator of the serotonergic neurotransmission, with both depressive symptoms and plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels...
  41. pmc Pleiotropy of C-reactive protein gene polymorphisms with C-reactive protein levels and heart rate variability in healthy male twins
    Shaoyong Su
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Cardiol 104:1748-54. 2009
    ..In conclusion, reduced HRV correlates significantly with increased CRP plasma levels and this correlation is due, in large part, to common genetic influences. A polymorphism in the CRP gene contributes to both CRP levels and HRV...
  42. pmc Sex differences in mortality after acute myocardial infarction: changes from 1994 to 2006
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Arch Intern Med 169:1767-74. 2009
    ..Previous studies have shown that women younger than 55 years have higher hospital mortality rates after acute myocardial infarction (MI) than age-matched men. We examined whether such mortality differences have decreased in recent years...
  43. doi request reprint Race, gender, and mortality in adults > or =65 years of age with incident heart failure (from the Cardiovascular Health Study)
    Susmita Parashar
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Cardiol 103:1120-7. 2009
    ..In conclusion, in older adults with HF, women had significantly better survival than men irrespective of race, suggesting that gender-based survival differences may be more important than race-based differences...
  44. ncbi request reprint Social support and change in health-related quality of life 6 months after coronary artery bypass grafting
    Lisa C Barry
    Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Psychosom Res 60:185-93. 2006
    ..We determined whether perceived social support predicted change in health-related quality of life, operationalized as change in mental health and physical functioning, 6 months after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)...
  45. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder and impaired autonomic modulation in male twins
    Amit J Shah
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 73:1103-10. 2013
    ..We aimed to assess whether PTSD and combat trauma exposure are associated with lower heart rate variability (HRV), a measure of autonomic function and a predictor of death...
  46. pmc Life's Simple 7 and risk of incident stroke: the reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study
    Ambar Kulshreshtha
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Stroke 44:1909-14. 2013
    ..The American Heart Association developed Life's Simple 7 (LS7) as a metric defining cardiovascular health. We investigated the association between LS7 and incident stroke in black and white Americans...
  47. pmc Association of a genetic risk score with prevalent and incident myocardial infarction in subjects undergoing coronary angiography
    Riyaz S Patel
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Circ Cardiovasc Genet 5:441-9. 2012
    ..Whether a combined genetic risk score (GRS) is associated with prevalent and incident MI in high-risk subjects remains to be established...
  48. pmc Early trauma and inflammation: role of familial factors in a study of twins
    Cherie Rooks
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Psychosom Med 74:146-52. 2012
    ....
  49. pmc Differences in weight perception among blacks and whites
    Yolanda Hendley
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 20:1805-11. 2011
    ..We explored race and gender differences in underestimation of weight using body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), after adjusting for other cardiovascular risk factors...
  50. doi request reprint Predictors of smoking cessation after a myocardial infarction: the role of institutional smoking cessation programs in improving success
    Nazeera Dawood
    Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:1961-7. 2008
    ..Smoking cessation after myocardial infarction (MI) is an important goal for secondary prevention of mortality. Whether new initiatives to promote cessation improve patients' quit rates after MI is unknown...
  51. ncbi request reprint Depression, inflammation, and incident cardiovascular disease in women with suspected coronary ischemia: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored WISE study
    Viola Vaccarino
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 50:2044-50. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine prospectively whether inflammation explains the relationship between depression and cardiovascular disease (CVD)...
  52. doi request reprint Prognostic value of number and site of calcified coronary lesions compared with the total score
    Marcus Williams
    Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 1:61-9. 2008
    ..This study sought to evaluate the long-term prognostic value of the number and sites of calcified coronary lesions and to compare the accuracy of number of calcified lesions with the extent of total calcium score...
  53. ncbi request reprint Comparison of functional status after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with and without diabetes mellitus
    Karine Sahakyan
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Cardiol 98:619-23. 2006
    ..Special attention should be paid to the physical function of patients with DM after CABG, and any barriers to functional recovery in this group should be promptly identified and addressed...
  54. doi request reprint Coronary angiographic scoring systems: an evaluation of their equivalence and validity
    Ian J Neeland
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA
    Am Heart J 164:547-552.e1. 2012
    ..The aim of this study was to compare coronary angiographic scoring systems (1) with each other and (2) with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-derived plaque burden in a population undergoing angiographic evaluation for CAD...
  55. ncbi request reprint Predictors of early and late enrollment in cardiac rehabilitation, among those referred, after acute myocardial infarction
    Susmita Parashar
    Emory University School of Medicine, 1462 Clifton Road NE, Suite 502, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Circulation 126:1587-95. 2012
    ..To illuminate potential barriers to participation, we examined the prevalence of, and patient-related factors associated with, CR participation within 1 and 6 months after an AMI...
  56. doi request reprint Association between depression and inflammation--differences by race and sex: the META-Health study
    Alanna Amyre Morris
    Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Psychosom Med 73:462-8. 2011
    ..However, few studies have examined this association in samples including a significant number of African Americans, or examined whether the association differs by race and sex...
  57. pmc Association of adiponectin with left ventricular mass in blacks: the Jackson Heart Study
    Aurelian Bidulescu
    Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA
    Circ Heart Fail 4:747-53. 2011
    ..The Jackson Heart Study cohort provides an opportunity to test the hypothesis that the inverse association between adiponectin and LVM may be modified by risk factors common among blacks...
  58. pmc Adherence to the mediterranean diet is inversely associated with circulating interleukin-6 among middle-aged men: a twin study
    Jun Dai
    Nutrition and Health Sciences Program, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Circulation 117:169-75. 2008
    ..It is unknown to what extent the association between the Mediterranean diet and inflammation is due to genetic or other familial factors...
  59. pmc Early menopause predicts angina after myocardial infarction
    Susmita Parashar
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Menopause 17:938-45. 2010
    ..It is unknown, however, whether early menopause predicts post-myocardial infarction (MI) angina. We examined whether younger AAM increases risk of post-MI angina...
  60. pmc Heritability of renal function and inflammatory markers in adult male twins
    Paolo Raggi
    Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Nephrol 32:317-23. 2010
    ..Loss of renal function is accompanied by a progressive increase in markers of inflammation; it is unknown whether they share common genetic pathways...
  61. pmc Depression and history of attempted suicide as risk factors for heart disease mortality in young individuals
    Amit J Shah
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 68:1135-42. 2011
    ..Although depression is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, there is virtually no information on whether it also increases the risk in young populations...
  62. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in short-term cardiovascular outcomes after percutaneous coronary interventions
    Edgar Argulian
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Cardiol 98:48-53. 2006
    ..No differences were found in major in-hospital complications by gender...
  63. ncbi request reprint Worsening renal function: what is a clinically meaningful change in creatinine during hospitalization with heart failure?
    Grace L Smith
    Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    J Card Fail 9:13-25. 2003
    ..Prior studies define worsening renal function using various creatinine elevations, but the relative value of definitions is unknown...
  64. pmc Predictors of incident heart failure in a large insured population: a one million person-year follow-up study
    Abhinav Goyal
    Emory Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Circ Heart Fail 3:698-705. 2010
    ..Studies on the incidence and predictors of heart failure (HF) are often restricted to elderly persons or identify only inpatient cases...
  65. doi request reprint Association of perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonate with serum lipids among adults living near a chemical plant
    Kyle Steenland
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:1268-78. 2009
    ..Because these data are cross-sectional, causal inference is limited. Nonetheless, the associations between these compounds and lipids raise concerns, given their common presence in the general population...
  66. ncbi request reprint Comparison of angiographic findings among postmenopausal women using unopposed estrogen, estrogen/progestin combinations, and nonusers
    Liudmila Husak
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    Am J Cardiol 93:563-8. 2004
    ..59 to 0.98). Thus, the apparent protective effect of combination menopausal hormone therapy with E+P on CAD is due to differences in other patient characteristics. In contrast, unopposed E therapy may have a protective effect on CAD...
  67. ncbi request reprint Association between depression and elevated C-reactive protein
    Marion Danner
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:347-56. 2003
    ..The objective of the present study was to investigate the association between history of major depressive episode and presence of low-grade systemic inflammation as measured by serum C-reactive protein (CRP)...
  68. doi request reprint Usefulness of serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level as an independent predictor of one-year mortality after percutaneous coronary interventions
    Ziyad B Ghazzal
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Cardiol 103:902-6. 2009
    ..Baseline HDL cholesterol levels <33 mg/dl for men and <38 mg/dl were associated with higher one-year mortality after PCI...
  69. pmc Relation of C-reactive protein and tumor necrosis factor-alpha to ambulatory blood pressure variability in healthy adults
    Jerome L Abramson
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Cardiol 98:649-52. 2006
    ..In conclusion, there are positive associations between markers of inflammation and BP variability in healthy, normotensive adults, suggesting that inflammation may be 1 of the factors that promotes increased BP variability...
  70. pmc Heritability and seasonal variability of vitamin D concentrations in male twins
    Cristina Karohl
    Departments of Medicine and the Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Lipids, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:1393-8. 2010
    ..It is not clear to what extent genetic influences play a role in determining vitamin D status. Thus far, studies on the heritability of vitamin D have provided conflicting results...
  71. ncbi request reprint Randomized trial of an education and support intervention to prevent readmission of patients with heart failure
    Harlan M Krumholz
    Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8025, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 39:83-9. 2002
    ..We determined the effect of a targeted education and support intervention on the rate of readmission or death and hospital costs in patients with heart failure (HF)...
  72. pmc The chromosome 9p21 risk locus is associated with angiographic severity and progression of coronary artery disease
    Riyaz S Patel
    Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory University Hospital, 1364 Clifton Road, 4th Floor, Suite D403C, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Eur Heart J 31:3017-23. 2010
    ..we tested the hypothesis that the 9p21 risk locus promotes atherosclerosis by examining the association between rs10757278 and coronary artery disease (CAD) severity and progression determined by semi-quantitative angiographic scores...
  73. doi request reprint Impact of race and chronic kidney disease on 1-year outcome in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions: a single tertiary center experience
    Francesca Cardarelli
    Department of Medicine and Division of Cardiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am Heart J 155:1027-32. 2008
    ..Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a predictor of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), and African American (AA) patients have been reported to have worse outcomes after PCI...
  74. pmc Positron emission tomographic imaging of neural correlates of a fear acquisition and extinction paradigm in women with childhood sexual-abuse-related post-traumatic stress disorder
    J Douglas Bremner
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Psychol Med 35:791-806. 2005
    ..No studies have examined neural correlates of fear conditioning and extinction in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  75. ncbi request reprint Association between gender and in-hospital mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention according to age
    Jerome L Abramson
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1256 Briarcliff Road, Suite 1 North, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Am J Cardiol 91:968-71, A4. 2003
  76. pmc Postmenopausal women with a history of irregular menses and elevated androgen measurements at high risk for worsening cardiovascular event-free survival: results from the National Institutes of Health--National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute sponsored W
    Leslee J Shaw
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Cedars Sinai Research Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90048, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:1276-84. 2008
    ..Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have a greater clustering of cardiac risk factors. However, the link between PCOS and cardiovascular (CV) disease is incompletely described...
  77. ncbi request reprint Relative benefit of coronary artery bypass grafting versus stent-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention for angina pectoris and multivessel coronary disease in women versus men (one-year results from the Stent or Surgery trial)
    Zefeng Zhang
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    Am J Cardiol 93:404-9. 2004
    ..049 for the interaction among treatment, gender, and follow-up for the quality of life domain). Although CABG may be superior to PCI in men, in women, at 1 year after intervention, both procedures appear equally effective...
  78. ncbi request reprint Association between novel oxidative stress markers and C-reactive protein among adults without clinical coronary heart disease
    Jerome L Abramson
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Emory University, Briarcliff Complex, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Atherosclerosis 178:115-21. 2005
    ..The causes of increased CRP, however, are not completely understood. Studies suggest that oxidative stress may have pro-inflammatory effects, but data on the relationship between oxidative stress and CRP in healthy persons is sparse...
  79. ncbi request reprint Relationship between physical activity and inflammation among apparently healthy middle-aged and older US adults
    Jerome L Abramson
    Department of Medicine Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1256 Briarcliff Rd NE, Suite 1 North, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1286-92. 2002
    ..Because coronary heart disease is increasingly seen as an inflammatory process, it might be reasonable to hypothesize that physical activity reduces risk of coronary heart disease by reducing or preventing inflammation...
  80. pmc Ischaemic heart disease in women: are there sex differences in pathophysiology and risk factors? Position paper from the working group on coronary pathophysiology and microcirculation of the European Society of Cardiology
    Viola Vaccarino
    Emory University Rollins School of Public Health and School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Cardiovasc Res 90:9-17. 2011
    ..Eventually, a better understanding of these processes and mechanisms may improve the prevention and the clinical management of IHD in women...
  81. pmc Heritability of carotid intima-media thickness: a twin study
    Jinying Zhao
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, United States
    Atherosclerosis 197:814-20. 2008
    ..To estimate the heritability of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), a surrogate marker for atherosclerosis, independent of traditional coronary risk factors...
  82. pmc Asian Americans: diabetes prevalence across U.S. and World Health Organization weight classifications
    Reena Oza-Frank
    Nutrition and Health Sciences Program, Graduate Division of Biomedical and Biological Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:1644-6. 2009
    ..To compare diabetes prevalence among Asian Americans by World Health Organization and U.S. BMI classifications...
  83. ncbi request reprint All pre-diabetes is not the same: metabolic and vascular risks of impaired fasting glucose at 100 versus 110 mg/dl: the Screening for Impaired Glucose Tolerance study 1 (SIGT 1)
    Lawrence S Phillips
    Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory University Hospital, 1364 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:1405-7. 2006
  84. ncbi request reprint Association between pulse pressure and C-reactive protein among apparently healthy US adults
    Jerome L Abramson
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Hypertension 39:197-202. 2002
    ..Our results suggest that increases in pulse pressure are associated with elevated C-reactive protein levels among apparently healthy US adults, independent of systolic and diastolic blood pressure...
  85. ncbi request reprint Pulse pressure and inflammatory process in atherosclerosis
    Jerome L Abramson
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Adv Cardiol 44:223-33. 2007
    ..The majority of studies support a positive association between PP and inflammatory markers. However, it remains unclear whether the association is truly causal and whether it has relevance in terms of predicting cardiovascular diseases...
  86. ncbi request reprint Functional brain imaging alterations in acne patients treated with isotretinoin
    J Douglas Bremner
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory Center for Positron Emission Tomography, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:983-91. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of isotretinoin on brain functioning in acne patients...
  87. ncbi request reprint Explaining racial disparities in coronary outcomes in women
    William S Weintraub
    Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Circulation 108:1041-3. 2003
  88. ncbi request reprint Chronic kidney disease, anemia, and incident stroke in a middle-aged, community-based population: the ARIC Study
    Jerome L Abramson
    Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    Kidney Int 64:610-5. 2003
    ..The combined effect of CKD and anemia on stroke risk, however, has not been investigated thoroughly. We analyzed data from a middle-aged, community-based cohort to determine if CKD and anemia interacted to affect stroke risk...
  89. pmc Adult-onset asthma is associated with increased carotid atherosclerosis among women in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Stephen Onufrak
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30322, United States
    Atherosclerosis 195:129-37. 2007
    ..713 mm versus 0.687 mm, p=0.008). In conclusion, adult-onset asthma but not child-onset asthma is associated with increased carotid atherosclerosis among women but not among men...
  90. ncbi request reprint Incremental prognostic value of left ventricular function by myocardial ECG-gated FDG PET imaging in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy
    Cesar A Santana
    Department of Radiology, Emory University of School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Nucl Cardiol 11:542-50. 2004
    ....
  91. ncbi request reprint Deficits in hippocampal and anterior cingulate functioning during verbal declarative memory encoding in midlife major depression
    J Douglas Bremner
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, and Atlanta VA Medical Center, Decatur, GA, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:637-45. 2004
    ..The purpose of the present study was to assess hippocampal and prefrontal functioning during performance of a verbal declarative memory task in subjects with midlife major depression...
  92. ncbi request reprint Depression and risk of heart failure among the elderly: a prospective community-based study
    Setareh A Williams
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Psychosom Med 64:6-12. 2002
    ..Although the association between depression and the incidence of coronary heart disease has been established in many studies, the impact of depression on the incidence of heart failure has not been previously investigated...
  93. ncbi request reprint Acute myocardial infarction in the elderly with diabetes
    Deborah Chyun
    Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Heart Lung 31:327-39. 2002
    ....
  94. ncbi request reprint Cardiac outcomes after myocardial infarction in elderly patients with diabetes mellitus
    Deborah Chyun
    Yale University, New Haven, Conn, USA
    Am J Crit Care 11:504-19. 2002
    ....
  95. ncbi request reprint Typical symptoms are predictive of acute coronary syndromes in women
    Kerry A Milner
    Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Conn 06536 0740, USA
    Am Heart J 143:283-8. 2002
    ..No study has prospectively evaluated the role of a comprehensive set of typical and atypical symptoms and whether different symptoms on presentation predict ACS diagnosis in women and men...
  96. ncbi request reprint Trends in hospitalized stroke for blacks and whites in the United States, 1980-1999
    Byron S Kennedy
    Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn 06511, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 21:131-41. 2002
    ..Racial differences in stroke mortality are widely recognized, but it is unclear whether or not these differences are due mainly to blacks having a greater stroke incidence or higher case fatality rates compared to those of whites...
  97. ncbi request reprint Gender and age differences in chief complaints of acute myocardial infarction (Worcester Heart Attack Study)
    Kerry A Milner
    Yale University School of Nursing, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Am J Cardiol 93:606-8. 2004
    ..Overall, a large proportion of women and men whose AMI was ultimately diagnosed did not present with chest pain as their chief complaint...
  98. ncbi request reprint Impact of chronic kidney disease on health-related quality-of-life improvement after coronary artery bypass surgery
    Chirag R Parikh
    Clinical Epidemiology Research Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, West Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:2014-9. 2006
    ..Little is known about the impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on health-related quality-of-life outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)...
  99. ncbi request reprint Patient satisfaction with treatment after acute myocardial infarction: role of psychosocial factors
    Lisa C Barry
    Department of Internal Medicine Geriatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Psychosom Med 69:115-23. 2007
    ..To determine if psychosocial status influences treatment satisfaction, a quality-of-care indicator, of patients who were hospitalized for acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  100. ncbi request reprint Does health status differ between men and women in early recovery after myocardial infarction?
    Linda S Garavalia
    Mid America Heart Institute of Saint Luke s Hospital, Kansas City, Missouri, University of Missouri Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 16:93-101. 2007
    ....
  101. doi request reprint The same sequence variant on 9p21 associates with myocardial infarction, abdominal aortic aneurysm and intracranial aneurysm
    Anna Helgadottir
    deCODE Genetics, Sturlugata 8, IS 101 Reykjavik, Iceland
    Nat Genet 40:217-24. 2008
    ..These findings extend our insight into the role of the sequence variant tagged by rs10757278-G and show that it is not confined to atherosclerotic diseases...