B O Rothbaum

Summary

Affiliation: Emory University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint A controlled study of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disordered sexual assault victims
    B O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory Clinic, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Bull Menninger Clin 61:317-34. 1997
  2. ncbi request reprint Symptomatic and syndromal anxiety in chronic forms of major depression: effect of nefazodone, cognitive behavioral analysis system of psychotherapy, and their combination
    Philip T Ninan
    Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 63:434-41. 2002
  3. doi request reprint A field test of group based exposure therapy with 102 veterans with war-related posttraumatic stress disorder
    David J Ready
    Mental Health Service Line, VA Medical Center Atlanta, Decatur, GA 30033, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:150-7. 2008
  4. pmc Early intervention may prevent the development of posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized pilot civilian study with modified prolonged exposure
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia
    Biol Psychiatry 72:957-63. 2012
  5. doi request reprint Virtual reality exposure therapy for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder
    Barbara O Rothbaum
    Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1208:126-32. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint A pooled analysis of gender and trauma-type effects on responsiveness to treatment of PTSD with venlafaxine extended release or placebo
    Barbara O Rothbaum
    Trauma and Anxiety Recovery Program, Emory University School of Medicine, 1841 Clifton Rd, NE, 4th Floor Wesley Woods, Health Center, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:1529-39. 2008
  7. doi request reprint A pilot study of an exposure-based intervention in the ED designed to prevent posttraumatic stress disorder
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 26:326-30. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Augmentation of sertraline with prolonged exposure in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder
    Barbara O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:625-38. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Virtual reality exposure therapy and standard (in vivo) exposure therapy in the treatment of fear of flying
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Emory University School of Medicine, USA
    Behav Ther 37:80-90. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Prolonged Exposure versus Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) for PTSD rape victims
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Trauma Stress 18:607-16. 2005

Research Grants

  1. Virtuality Reality Cue Exposure for Crack Cocaine
    Barbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2003
  2. REVAMP Follow-up Study Renewal
    Barbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Translational Research on Extinction and PTSD
    Barbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2005
  4. Cognitive Enhancer May Facilitate Behavioral Exposure
    Barbara O Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications41

  1. ncbi request reprint A controlled study of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disordered sexual assault victims
    B O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Emory Clinic, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Bull Menninger Clin 61:317-34. 1997
    ..Results indicated that subjects treated with EMDR improved significantly more on PTSD and depression from pre- to posttreatment than control subjects, leading to the conclusion that EMDR was effective in alleviating PTSD in this study...
  2. ncbi request reprint Symptomatic and syndromal anxiety in chronic forms of major depression: effect of nefazodone, cognitive behavioral analysis system of psychotherapy, and their combination
    Philip T Ninan
    Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 63:434-41. 2002
    ....
  3. doi request reprint A field test of group based exposure therapy with 102 veterans with war-related posttraumatic stress disorder
    David J Ready
    Mental Health Service Line, VA Medical Center Atlanta, Decatur, GA 30033, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:150-7. 2008
    ..22) and self-report measures with only three dropouts...
  4. pmc Early intervention may prevent the development of posttraumatic stress disorder: a randomized pilot civilian study with modified prolonged exposure
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia
    Biol Psychiatry 72:957-63. 2012
    ..There are no accepted interventions delivered in the immediate aftermath of trauma. This study tested an early intervention aimed at modifying the memory to prevent the development of PTSD before memory consolidation...
  5. doi request reprint Virtual reality exposure therapy for combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder
    Barbara O Rothbaum
    Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1208:126-32. 2010
    ..Preliminary results of ongoing trials are presented...
  6. ncbi request reprint A pooled analysis of gender and trauma-type effects on responsiveness to treatment of PTSD with venlafaxine extended release or placebo
    Barbara O Rothbaum
    Trauma and Anxiety Recovery Program, Emory University School of Medicine, 1841 Clifton Rd, NE, 4th Floor Wesley Woods, Health Center, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:1529-39. 2008
    ..To examine effects of gender and trauma type on response to treatment with venlafaxine extended release (ER) or placebo in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  7. doi request reprint A pilot study of an exposure-based intervention in the ED designed to prevent posttraumatic stress disorder
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 26:326-30. 2008
    ..Results also offer evidence that the intervention did not appear to harm participants and in fact may be helpful...
  8. ncbi request reprint Augmentation of sertraline with prolonged exposure in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder
    Barbara O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:625-38. 2006
    ..Participants who received PE showed further reduction in PTSD severity. This augmentation effect was observed only for participants who showed a partial response to medication...
  9. ncbi request reprint Virtual reality exposure therapy and standard (in vivo) exposure therapy in the treatment of fear of flying
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Emory University School of Medicine, USA
    Behav Ther 37:80-90. 2006
    ..Based on these findings, the use of VRE in the treatment of FOF was supported in this controlled study, suggesting that experiences in the virtual world can change experiences in the real world...
  10. ncbi request reprint Prolonged Exposure versus Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) for PTSD rape victims
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Trauma Stress 18:607-16. 2005
    ..PE and EMDR did not differ significantly for change from baseline to either posttreatment or 6-month follow-up measurement for any quantitative scale...
  11. ncbi request reprint Placebo-controlled trial of risperidone augmentation for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor-resistant civilian posttraumatic stress disorder
    Barbara O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:520-5. 2008
    ..The primary objective of this study was to examine risperidone augmentation in civilians with PTSD currently receiving sertraline without an optimal response...
  12. ncbi request reprint Applying learning principles to the treatment of post-trauma reactions
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1365 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1008:112-21. 2003
    ..Thus, there appears to be an interaction between timing of the intervention, number of intervention sessions, and either arousal level and/or risk status in determining whether the intervention will be helpful, harmful, or neutral...
  13. ncbi request reprint Exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Trauma and Anxiety Recovery Program, Emory University School of Medicine, USA
    Am J Psychother 56:59-75. 2002
    ..These myths and clinical guidelines are addressed. It is concluded that exposure therapy is a safe and effective treatment for PTSD when applied as directed by experienced therapists...
  14. ncbi request reprint Virtual reality exposure therapy for Vietnam veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder
    B O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 62:617-22. 2001
    ..VR exposure (VRE) is proposed as an alternative to typical imaginal exposure treatment for Vietnam combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  15. ncbi request reprint Twelve-month follow-up of virtual reality and standard exposure therapies for the fear of flying
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 70:428-32. 2002
    ..This is the 1st year-long follow-up of patients having been treated with VRE and indicates that short-term treatment can have lasting effects...
  16. ncbi request reprint Dreams and exposure therapy in PTSD
    B O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Trauma Stress 14:481-90. 2001
    ..It is concluded that nightmares that replay the trauma and disrupt sleep do not meet requirements for therapeutic exposure, whereas other dreaming may aid in the recovery from trauma...
  17. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder in rape victims: autonomic habituation to auditory stimuli
    B O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1365 Clifton Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Trauma Stress 14:283-93. 2001
    ..The present study found slower habituation of electrodermal responses for PTSD rape victims to neutral stimuli than for non-PTSD victims and nonvictims...
  18. ncbi request reprint Virtual reality exposure therapy for PTSD Vietnam Veterans: a case study
    B O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Trauma Stress 12:263-71. 1999
    ..The patient experienced a 34% decrease on clinician-rated PTSD and a 45% decrease on self-rated PTSD. Treatment gains were maintained at 6-month follow-up...
  19. ncbi request reprint Cognitive enhancers as adjuncts to psychotherapy: use of D-cycloserine in phobic individuals to facilitate extinction of fear
    Kerry J Ressler
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center for Behavioral Neuroscience, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:1136-44. 2004
    ..However, some disorders, particularly the anxiety-related disorders exemplified by specific phobia, have an emotional learning component to them that can be facilitated with psychotherapy...
  20. ncbi request reprint Virtual reality: using the virtual world to improve quality of life in the real world
    P L Anderson
    Virtually Better, Inc, Decatur, Georgia, USA
    Bull Menninger Clin 65:78-91. 2001
    ..Virtual reality has been used in the treatment of specific phobias, posttraumatic stress disorder, eating disorders, and pain management...
  21. ncbi request reprint Multicenter, double-blind comparison of sertraline and placebo in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder
    J R Davidson
    Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:485-92. 2001
    ..CONCLUSION: The results of the current study suggest that sertraline is a safe, well-tolerated, and significantly effective treatment for PTSD...
  22. pmc Faster remission of chronic depression with combined psychotherapy and medication than with each therapy alone
    Rachel Manber
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 76:459-67. 2008
    ..The authors conclude that combined antidepressant medications and psychotherapy result in faster full remission of chronic forms of major depressive disorder...
  23. ncbi request reprint Venlafaxine extended release in posttraumatic stress disorder: a sertraline- and placebo-controlled study
    Jonathan Davidson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 26:259-67. 2006
    ..Mean maximum daily doses were 225-mg venlafaxine ER and 151-mg sertraline. Both treatments were generally well tolerated. Study results suggest that venlafaxine ER is effective and well tolerated in the short-term treatment of PTSD...
  24. ncbi request reprint Effects of D-cycloserine on extinction: translation from preclinical to clinical work
    Michael Davis
    Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 60:369-75. 2006
    ....
  25. pmc Cognitive behavioral analysis system of psychotherapy and brief supportive psychotherapy for augmentation of antidepressant nonresponse in chronic depression: the REVAMP Trial
    James H Kocsis
    Department of Psychiatry, Weill Cornell Medical College, 1300 York Ave, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 66:1178-88. 2009
    ..Previous studies have found that few chronically depressed patients remit with antidepressant medications alone...
  26. ncbi request reprint Cognitive behavioral therapy for public-speaking anxiety using virtual reality for exposure
    Page L Anderson
    Georgia State University, Atlanta, 30302, USA
    Depress Anxiety 22:156-8. 2005
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Chronic depression: medication (nefazodone) or psychotherapy (CBASP) is effective when the other is not
    Alan F Schatzberg
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305 5717, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 62:513-20. 2005
    ..Although various strategies are available to manage nonresponders to an initial treatment for depression, no controlled trials address the utility of switching from an antidepressant medication to psychotherapy or vice versa...
  28. ncbi request reprint Review of sertraline in post-traumatic stress disorder
    Ann C Schwartz
    Department of Psychiatry, and Behavioural Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30303, USA
    Expert Opin Pharmacother 3:1489-99. 2002
    ..Sertraline's efficacy, favourable tolerability profile and relatively weak effect on the cytochrome P450 system are factors that contribute to make it a first-line agent of choice in the treatment of PTSD...
  29. ncbi request reprint Trauma, resilience and saliostasis: effects of treatment in post-traumatic stress disorder
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 20:43-8. 2005
    ..Treatment of PTSD significantly improved resilience and reduced symptoms in this sample. Further controlled studies are indicated...
  30. pmc Differential responses to psychotherapy versus pharmacotherapy in patients with chronic forms of major depression and childhood trauma
    Charles B Nemeroff
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:14293-6. 2003
    ..Our results suggest that psychotherapy may be an essential element in the treatment of patients with chronic forms of major depression and a history of childhood trauma...
  31. ncbi request reprint Therapeutic reactance as a predictor of outcome in the treatment of chronic depression
    Bruce A Arnow
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, California 94305 5722, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 71:1025-35. 2003
    ..Results support the importance of Aptitude * Treatment interactions in psychotherapy outcome. The direction and significance of such interactions may vary with different forms of psychopathology...
  32. doi request reprint Effects of venlafaxine extended release on resilience in posttraumatic stress disorder: an item analysis of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale
    Jonathan Davidson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Trent Drive, 4th Floor, Room 4082B, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 23:299-303. 2008
    ..The findings suggest that assessment of treatment response might be enhanced by routine evaluation of resilience...
  33. pmc Conditioned fear extinction and reinstatement in a human fear-potentiated startle paradigm
    Seth D Norrholm
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Learn Mem 13:681-5. 2006
    ..This is the first demonstration of fear extinction and reinstatement in humans using startle measures...
  34. ncbi request reprint Risperidone in psychotic combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder: an open trial
    Dragica Kozaric-Kovacic
    National Centre for Psychotrauma, Department of Psychiatry, Dubrava University Hospital, Zagreb, Croatia
    J Clin Psychiatry 66:922-7. 2005
    ..We hypothesized that war veterans with psychotic PTSD, resistant to prior antidepressant treatment, would respond well to 6 weeks of treatment with the atypical antipsychotic risperidone, given as a monotherapy...
  35. pmc Virtual reality exposure therapy using a virtual Iraq: case report
    Maryrose Gerardi
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:209-13. 2008
    ..1990) and the PTSD Symptom Scale Self-Report (PSS-SR; Foa, Riggs, Dancu, & Rothbaum, 1993). These results indicate preliminary promise for this treatment...
  36. ncbi request reprint Psychotherapeutic approaches with survivors of childhood trauma
    Marianne Celano
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30335, USA
    Semin Clin Neuropsychiatry 7:120-8. 2002
    ..Implications of efficacy data for clinical practice and future research are discussed...
  37. ncbi request reprint Cognitive behavior therapy for fear of flying: sustainability of treatment gains after September 11
    Page Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303 3082, USA
    Behav Ther 37:91-7. 2006
    ..Thus, results suggest that individuals previously treated for FOF with cognitive-behavioral therapy can maintain treatment gains in the face of a catastrophic fear-relevant event, even years after treatment is completed...
  38. ncbi request reprint Use of virtual reality as a distractor for painful procedures in a patient with pediatric cancer: a case study
    Jonathan Gershon
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University School of Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, USA
    Cyberpsychol Behav 6:657-61. 2003
    ..The need for larger scale studies and application of VR with younger children is discussed in the context of confirming effectiveness of this technique and providing more generalizable information about efficacy...
  39. doi request reprint Critical parameters for D-cycloserine enhancement of cognitive-behaviorial therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Barbara Olasov Rothbaum
    Am J Psychiatry 165:293-6. 2008
  40. ncbi request reprint A pilot and feasibility study of virtual reality as a distraction for children with cancer
    Jonathan Gershon
    E P Bradley Hospital, East Providence, RI 02879, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 43:1243-9. 2004
    ..To pilot and test the feasibility of a novel technology to reduce anxiety and pain associated with an invasive medical procedure in children with cancer...
  41. ncbi request reprint A preliminary report on the use of virtual reality technology to elicit craving and cue reactivity in cocaine dependent individuals
    Michael E Saladin
    College of Health Professions and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    Addict Behav 31:1881-94. 2006
    ..Such technology has potential utility in the development and refinement of exposure-based behavioral and pharmacological interventions for substance use disorders...

Research Grants10

  1. Virtuality Reality Cue Exposure for Crack Cocaine
    Barbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The long-term objectives to be achieved in Phase II include the development and testing of the treatment of crack cocaine dependence using VR cue exposure therapy in a controlled design. ..
  2. REVAMP Follow-up Study Renewal
    Barbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  3. Translational Research on Extinction and PTSD
    Barbara Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Currently, no such interventions with proven efficacy exist. ..
  4. Cognitive Enhancer May Facilitate Behavioral Exposure
    Barbara O Rothbaum; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..abstract_text> ..