W D Flanders

Summary

Affiliation: Emory University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc A method to detect residual confounding in spatial and other observational studies
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Epidemiology 22:823-6. 2011
  2. ncbi request reprint Predictors of improved HbA1c testing by primary care physicians
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 16:720-33. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint On the relationship of sufficient component cause models with potential outcome (counterfactual) models
    W Dana Flanders
    Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA 30345, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 21:847-53. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Properties of 2 counterfactual effect definitions of a point exposure
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Epidemiology 18:453-60. 2007
  5. doi request reprint Adjusting for reverse causality in the relationship between obesity and mortality
    W D Flanders
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:S42-6. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Tests of trait-haplotype association when linkage phase is ambiguous, appropriate for matched case-control and cohort studies with competing risks
    W D Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1599 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Stat Med 24:2299-316. 2005
  7. pmc A method for detection of residual confounding in time-series and other observational studies
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Epidemiology 22:59-67. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Dependence of confounding on the target population: a modification of causal graphs to account for co-action
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 21:698-705. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint Ambient air pollution and cardiovascular emergency department visits in potentially sensitive groups
    Jennifer L Peel
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:625-33. 2007
  10. pmc Comparison of emergency department and hospital admissions data for air pollution time-series studies
    A Winquist
    Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Environ Health 11:70. 2012

Detail Information

Publications89

  1. pmc A method to detect residual confounding in spatial and other observational studies
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Epidemiology 22:823-6. 2011
    ..A related question addressed here is whether an analogous indicator can be used to identify residual confounding in a study based on spatial, rather than temporal, contrasts...
  2. ncbi request reprint Predictors of improved HbA1c testing by primary care physicians
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 16:720-33. 2005
    ..Physicians in counties with more people on Medicaid, or with fewer physicians per capita tended to have less improvement in HbA1c testing among Medicare beneficiaries over the three year study period...
  3. ncbi request reprint On the relationship of sufficient component cause models with potential outcome (counterfactual) models
    W Dana Flanders
    Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA 30345, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 21:847-53. 2006
    ..Recognition of the links between the two models should allow greater insight into use of each model, and allow the strengths of both models to be used jointly...
  4. ncbi request reprint Properties of 2 counterfactual effect definitions of a point exposure
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Epidemiology 18:453-60. 2007
    ..We present implications for study design, and make several recommendations. Problems may be reduced or avoided by starting follow-up before onset of exposure and by using survival curves to compare exposed with unexposed...
  5. doi request reprint Adjusting for reverse causality in the relationship between obesity and mortality
    W D Flanders
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:S42-6. 2008
    ..Analyses should be balanced with sensitivity approaches as well as with alternative analytic approaches such as the use of structural models, G-estimation, simulations and ancillary data from animal studies...
  6. ncbi request reprint Tests of trait-haplotype association when linkage phase is ambiguous, appropriate for matched case-control and cohort studies with competing risks
    W D Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1599 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Stat Med 24:2299-316. 2005
    ....
  7. pmc A method for detection of residual confounding in time-series and other observational studies
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Epidemiology 22:59-67. 2011
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Dependence of confounding on the target population: a modification of causal graphs to account for co-action
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 21:698-705. 2011
    ..We propose a simple modification of DAG rules to overcome this limitation...
  9. ncbi request reprint Ambient air pollution and cardiovascular emergency department visits in potentially sensitive groups
    Jennifer L Peel
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 165:625-33. 2007
    ..These findings provide further evidence of increased susceptibility to adverse cardiovascular events associated with ambient air pollution among persons with hypertension, diabetes, and COPD...
  10. pmc Comparison of emergency department and hospital admissions data for air pollution time-series studies
    A Winquist
    Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Environ Health 11:70. 2012
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint New estimator of the genotype risk ratio for use in case-parental control studies
    W D Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 154:259-63. 2001
    ..The authors also suggest a way to combine estimates from families in which one parent and one offspring are observed and estimates from families in which both parents and one offspring are observed...
  12. doi request reprint MutL-homolog 1 expression and risk of incident, sporadic colorectal adenoma: search for prospective biomarkers of risk for colorectal cancer
    Eduard Sidelnikov
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:1599-609. 2009
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Ambient air pollution and cardiac arrhythmias in patients with implantable defibrillators
    Kristina B Metzger
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Epidemiology 18:585-92. 2007
    ..Previous studies of ambient air pollution and ventricular tachyarrhythmias in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators have yielded mixed results...
  14. ncbi request reprint Genetic epidemiologic methods to screen for matrilineal inheritance in mitochondrial disorders
    F Mili
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Genet Epidemiol 13:605-14. 1996
    ..To illustrate our epidemiologic method, we apply our screening method to pedigrees of two disorders which have been proposed to have a mitochondrial DNA component to their inheritance...
  15. pmc Accounting for unmeasured population substructure in case-control studies of genetic association using a novel latent-class model
    G A Satten
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 68:466-77. 2001
    ..We have tested our approach using simulated data based on allele frequencies in 12 short tandem repeat (STR) loci in four populations in Argentina...
  16. ncbi request reprint Evaluating the exposure and disease relationship with adjustment for different types of exposure misclassification: a regression approach
    A S Kosinski
    Department of Biostatistics, The Rollins School of Public Health, 1518 Clifton Road, N E, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Stat Med 18:2795-808. 1999
    ..Standard statistical packages with a logistic regression module can be used for estimation of parameters through the EM algorithm process. Two examples are used to illustrate the methodology...
  17. pmc Combined measure of pro- and anti-oxidant exposures in relation to prostate cancer and colorectal adenoma risk: an update
    Michael Goodman
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 20:955-7. 2010
    ..In the present study we extend our analysis by substituting questionnaire-based measures with systemic biomarkers of pro- and anti-oxidant exposures...
  18. ncbi request reprint Hypothesis: oxidative stress score as a combined measure of pro-oxidant and antioxidant exposures
    Michael Goodman
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:394-9. 2007
    ..To explore the hypothesis that a combination of several risk factors acting through the same pathway may produce an overall large increase in risk even in the presence of weak associations with each individual factor...
  19. ncbi request reprint Mid-pregnancy maternal plasma levels of interleukin 2, 6, and 12, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interferon-gamma, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and spontaneous preterm delivery
    Allison E Curry
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:1103-10. 2007
    ..The authors examine whether mid-pregnancy plasma cytokine levels are associated with sPTD, and whether associations vary by maternal age, body mass index, prior preterm delivery, or gravidity...
  20. doi request reprint A summary measure of pro- and anti-oxidant exposures and risk of incident, sporadic, colorectal adenomas
    Michael Goodman
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 19:1051-64. 2008
    ..0. The corresponding analysis for community controls showed a similar trend. Our findings are in line with the basic science evidence supporting the role of oxidative stress in colorectal neoplasia...
  21. ncbi request reprint How many genes underlie the occurrence of common complex diseases in the population?
    Quanhe Yang
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 34:1129-37. 2005
    ..It is not clear how many genes are necessary to account for an appreciable population-attributable fraction of these diseases...
  22. pmc Drinking water turbidity and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness in Atlanta, 1993-2004
    Sarah C Tinker
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:19-28. 2010
    ....
  23. doi request reprint Role of prenatal characteristics and early growth on pubertal attainment of British girls
    Mildred Maisonet
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1518 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Pediatrics 126:e591-600. 2010
    ....
  24. pmc Short-term associations between ambient air pollutants and pediatric asthma emergency department visits
    Matthew J Strickland
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 182:307-16. 2010
    ..To advance understanding of these relationships, further characterization of the dose-response and pollutant lag effects are needed, as are investigations of pollutant species beyond the commonly measured criteria pollutants...
  25. pmc Robust statistical methods for analysis of biomarkers measured with batch/experiment-specific errors
    Qi Long
    Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, U S A
    Stat Med 29:361-70. 2010
    ..Our methods are illustrated using a biomarker validation case-control study for colorectal neoplasms...
  26. pmc Seasonality of birth and implications for temporal studies of preterm birth
    Lyndsey A Darrow
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Epidemiology 20:699-706. 2009
    ..To illustrate, we describe the seasonal patterns of birth in Atlanta and demonstrate how these patterns could lead to confounding in time-series studies of seasonally-varying exposures and preterm birth...
  27. pmc Ambient air pollution and preterm birth: a time-series analysis
    Lyndsey A Darrow
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Epidemiology 20:689-98. 2009
    ..An emerging body of evidence suggests that ambient levels of air pollution during pregnancy are associated with preterm birth...
  28. pmc An examination of exposure measurement error from air pollutant spatial variability in time-series studies
    Stefanie E Sarnat
    Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:135-46. 2010
    ..Overall, our findings lend support to the use of pollutant data from urban central sites to assess population exposures within geographically dispersed study populations in Atlanta and similar cities...
  29. pmc Ambient air pollution and cardiovascular malformations in Atlanta, Georgia, 1986-2003
    Matthew J Strickland
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:1004-14. 2009
    ..60, 95% confidence interval: 1.11, 2.31). Of the 60 associations examined in the primary analysis, no other significant associations were observed...
  30. pmc Drinking water residence time in distribution networks and emergency department visits for gastrointestinal illness in Metro Atlanta, Georgia
    Sarah C Tinker
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Water Health 7:332-43. 2009
    ..07, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.03, 1.10; OR for Utility 2 = 1.05, 95% CI = 1.02, 1.08). The results suggest that drinking water contamination in the distribution system may contribute to the burden of endemic GI illness...
  31. doi request reprint Progression through puberty in girls enrolled in a contemporary British cohort
    Krista Y Christensen
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Adolesc Health 47:282-9. 2010
    ..We used data from a longitudinal cohort to describe factors associated with breast and pubic hair stage and estimate average duration of puberty...
  32. ncbi request reprint Ambient air pollution and respiratory emergency department visits
    Jennifer L Peel
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Epidemiology 16:164-74. 2005
    ..More refined assessment has been limited by study size and available air quality data...
  33. ncbi request reprint Improved diabetes care by primary care physicians: results of a group-randomized evaluation of the Medicare Health Care Quality Improvement Program (HCQIP)
    William M McClellan
    Georgia Medical Care Foundation, 1455 Lincoln Parkway, Suite 500, Atlanta, GA 30346, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:1210-7. 2003
    ..Determine if an intervention that includes claims-based feedback about patterns of HbA1C measurement results in more frequent monitoring of HbA1C in diabetic Medicare beneficiaries...
  34. ncbi request reprint Ambient air pollution and cardiovascular emergency department visits
    Kristi Busico Metzger
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Epidemiology 15:46-56. 2004
    ..This time-series study examined the relation between ambient air pollution and cardiovascular conditions using ambient air quality data and emergency department visit data in Atlanta, Georgia, from January 1, 1993, to August 31, 2000...
  35. doi request reprint Residential carbon monoxide alarm prevalence and ordinance awareness
    Shahed Iqbal
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Public Health Manag Pract 18:272-8. 2012
    ..This study determined the prevalence of residential CO alarm and awareness of a 2001 CO alarm ordinance in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina in 2009...
  36. ncbi request reprint Carotid endarterectomy among Medicare beneficiaries: a statewide evaluation of appropriateness and outcome
    H R Karp
    Georgia Medical Care Foundation, Emory University, Atlanta 30329 2224, USA
    Stroke 29:46-52. 1998
    ..We sought to examine the appropriateness and the surgical outcomes of carotid endarterectomy (CE) in unselected community hospitals to identify opportunities for improvement...
  37. ncbi request reprint Interim results of the study of particulates and health in Atlanta (SOPHIA)
    P E Tolbert
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Expo Anal Environ Epidemiol 10:446-60. 2000
    ..5 EC and PM2.5 OM. While covariation of many of the air quality indices limits the informativeness of this analysis, the study provides one of the first assessments of PM components in relation to ED visits...
  38. doi request reprint Comparing methods for accounting for seasonal variability in a biomarker when only a single sample is available: insights from simulations based on serum 25-hydroxyvitamin d
    Yiting Wang
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 170:88-94. 2009
    ..To avoid potential bias away from the null, using season- or month-specific cutpoints may be preferable to adjusting for DOSC...
  39. doi request reprint Colorectal mucosal expression of MSH2 as a potential biomarker of risk for colorectal neoplasms
    Eduard Sidelnikov
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, and Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road Northeast, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:2965-73. 2009
    ....
  40. pmc Blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 concentrations and incident sporadic colorectal adenoma risk: a pooled case-control study
    Veronika Fedirko
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:489-500. 2010
    ..These findings support the hypothesis that greater vitamin D exposure may reduce the risk of colorectal adenoma and suggest that it may do so more strongly in combination with antiinflammatory agents...
  41. ncbi request reprint Meat consumption and risk of colorectal cancer
    Ann Chao
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30329 4251, USA
    JAMA 293:172-82. 2005
    ..Consumption of red and processed meat has been associated with colorectal cancer in many but not all epidemiological studies; few studies have examined risk in relation to long-term meat intake or the association of meat with rectal cancer...
  42. ncbi request reprint Predictors of correct treatment of children with fever seen at outpatient health facilities in the Central African Republic
    A K Rowe
    Division of Parasitic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 151:1029-35. 2000
    ..For child health programs to improve, targeted studies are needed to understand which factors, alone or in combination, improve health care worker performance...
  43. ncbi request reprint Lung cancer mortality in relation to age, duration of smoking, and daily cigarette consumption: results from Cancer Prevention Study II
    W Dana Flanders
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Cancer Res 63:6556-62. 2003
    ..We discuss reasons why the associations we observe are lower than those reported by R. Doll and R. Peto (J. Epidemiol. Commun. Health, 32: 303-313, 1978)...
  44. ncbi request reprint Health-related quality of life of U.S. military personnel: a population-based study
    Drue H Barrett
    Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Mil Med 168:941-7. 2003
    ..This study evaluated the association between military service and health-related quality of life (HRQOL), using a large, population-based sample of U.S. adults...
  45. pmc Characterization of the correlation between ages at entry into breast and pubic hair development
    Krista Yorita Christensen
    Epidemiology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 20:405-8. 2010
    ..The timing of breast and pubic hair development in girls are related, but the degree of correlation has not been well characterized. Periodic observations also are complicated by interval censoring...
  46. ncbi request reprint Blood lead levels and risk factors for lead poisoning among children in Jakarta, Indonesia
    Rachel Albalak
    Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd Mailstop E 19, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Sci Total Environ 301:75-85. 2003
    ..With the phase-out of leaded gasoline, BLLs of children in Jakarta are expected to rapidly decline as they have in other countries that have phased lead out of gasoline...
  47. pmc Effects of calcium and vitamin D on MLH1 and MSH2 expression in rectal mucosa of sporadic colorectal adenoma patients
    Eduard Sidelnikov
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:1022-32. 2010
    ....
  48. ncbi request reprint Leanness and lung cancer risk: fact or artifact?
    S Jane Henley
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Epidemiology 13:268-76. 2002
    ....
  49. pmc Correlates of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D: Cohort Consortium Vitamin D Pooling Project of Rarer Cancers
    Marjorie L McCullough
    American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia 30303 1002, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:21-35. 2010
    ..Correlates varied somewhat within season, race/ethnicity, and sex. These findings help identify persons at risk for low vitamin D status for both clinical and research purposes...
  50. doi request reprint Evaluation of associations between lifetime exposure to drinking water disinfection by-products and bladder cancer in dogs
    Lorraine C Backer
    National Center for Environmental Health, CDC, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Am Vet Med Assoc 232:1663-8. 2008
    ..To assess the risk of bladder cancer in dogs from exposure to drinking water disinfection by-products and determine whether dogs could serve as sentinels for human bladder cancer associated with such exposures...
  51. ncbi request reprint Are nitrate levels in groundwater stable over time?
    Perri Zeitz Ruckart
    Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 18:129-33. 2008
    ..This observation showed that a single measurement of nitrate in water from drilled wells could represent longer periods of exposure...
  52. pmc Effects of supplemental vitamin D and calcium on oxidative DNA damage marker in normal colorectal mucosa: a randomized clinical trial
    Veronika Fedirko
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:280-91. 2010
    ....
  53. doi request reprint Race, neighbourhood characteristics and disparities in chemotherapy for colorectal cancer
    Y Hao
    Surveillance and Health Policy Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 65:211-7. 2011
    ..Studies have found significant race/ethnic and age differences in receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy for stages III colon and II/III rectal cancers. Little is known about the role of neighbourhood factors in these disparities...
  54. pmc The issue of confounding in epidemiological studies of ambient air pollution and pregnancy outcomes
    M J Strickland
    Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 63:500-4. 2009
    ..Although the three approaches share a common goal, to estimate the causal effects of pollution on pregnancy outcomes, they face different challenges with respect to confounding...
  55. ncbi request reprint Maternal plasma cytokines in early- and mid-gestation of normal human pregnancy and their association with maternal factors
    A E Curry
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Reprod Immunol 77:152-60. 2008
    ..In conclusion, cytokines were detected in plasma during early- and mid-pregnancy, with IL-6, IL-12, IFN-gamma and GM-CSF concentrations varying over pregnancy. Concentrations may depend on BMI, maternal age and prior preterm delivery...
  56. pmc A modified cluster-sampling method for post-disaster rapid assessment of needs
    J Malilay
    Disaster Assessment and Epidemiology Section, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341 3724, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 74:399-405. 1996
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Can dialysis therapy be improved? A report from the ESRD Core Indicators Project
    W M McClellan
    Renal Division, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Am J Kidney Dis 34:1075-82. 1999
    ..We concluded that the sustained improvement in hemodialysis care that occurred after the inception of the ESRD Core Indicators Project was associated with specific ESRD Network interventions...
  58. ncbi request reprint Cigarette smoking and changes in the histopathology of lung cancer
    M J Thun
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA 30329 4251, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 89:1580-6. 1997
    ..g., the adoption of filtertips), or changes in smoking practices. We examined data from the Connecticut Tumor Registry and two American Cancer Society studies to explore these possibilities...
  59. pmc mtDNA mutations increase tumorigenicity in prostate cancer
    John A Petros
    Department of Urology, Emory University, 1365A Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:719-24. 2005
    ..The mutant tumors also generated significantly more ROS. Therefore, mtDNA mutations do play an important role in the etiology of prostate cancer...
  60. ncbi request reprint Why population attributable fractions can sum to more than one
    Alexander K Rowe
    Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341 3724, USA
    Am J Prev Med 26:243-9. 2004
    ..For diseases with multiple risk factors, PAFs of individual risk factors can sum to more than 1, a result suggesting the impossible situation in which more than 100% of cases are preventable...
  61. pmc Investigating childhood leukemia in Churchill County, Nevada
    Carol S Rubin
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:151-7. 2007
    ..Considering the county population and statewide cancer rate, fewer than two cases would be expected...
  62. ncbi request reprint Anemia and renal insufficiency are independent risk factors for death among patients with congestive heart failure admitted to community hospitals: a population-based study
    William M McClellan
    Georgia Medical Care Foundation, 57 Executive Park South, Suite 200, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 13:1928-36. 2002
    ..In conclusion, CKD and anemia are frequent among older patients with heart failure and are independent predictors of subsequent risk of death...
  63. pmc Effects of vitamin d and calcium on proliferation and differentiation in normal colon mucosa: a randomized clinical trial
    Veronika Fedirko
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 18:2933-41. 2009
    ....
  64. ncbi request reprint Residual spatial correlation between geographically referenced observations: a Bayesian hierarchical modeling approach
    Heather A Boyd
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Epidemiology 16:532-41. 2005
    ..We present a Bayesian hierarchical model (BHM) approach that accounts for spatial correlation, and illustrate its strengths and weaknesses by applying this modeling approach to data on Wuchereria bancrofti infection in Haiti...
  65. ncbi request reprint On the use of population attributable fraction to determine sample size for case-control studies of gene-environment interaction
    Quanhe Yang
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Epidemiology 14:161-7. 2003
    ..In this case, the associated odds ratio for interaction will be weaker and a considerably larger sample size may be needed...
  66. doi request reprint The impact of excess heat events in Maricopa County, Arizona: 2000--2005
    Fuyuen Y Yip
    Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway, NE, MS f 57, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Int J Biometeorol 52:765-72. 2008
    ..Consecutive days of heat exposure--even among a heat-acclimated population--can increase mortality risk. Public health response activities guided by locally obtained data will better target those at risk...
  67. ncbi request reprint Blood lead levels and risk factors for lead poisoning among children in a Mexican smelting community
    Rachel Albalak
    Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Arch Environ Health 58:172-83. 2003
    ..BLLs in this study were moderately high, but the levels were lower than those in other smelting communities prior to remediation...
  68. doi request reprint A process for sentinel case review to assess causal relationships between smallpox vaccination and adverse outcomes, 2003-2004
    Louisa E Chapman
    Epidemiology and Surveillance Division, National Immunization Program, Coordinating Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:S271-93. 2008
    ..This review of sentinel cases augmented the ongoing safety review process and was transparent, but it shares limitations with other case-based causality-assessment methods...
  69. ncbi request reprint Community aerial mosquito control and naled exposure
    Zandra Duprey
    Health Studies Branch, Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    J Am Mosq Control Assoc 24:42-6. 2008
    ..These data suggest that aerial spraying of naled does not result in increased levels of naled in humans, provided the naled is used according to label instructions...
  70. ncbi request reprint Renal insufficiency and anemia are independent risk factors for death among patients with acute myocardial infarction
    Robert D Langston
    Georgia Medical Care Foundation, Atlanta, Georgia 30346, USA
    Kidney Int 64:1398-405. 2003
    ..Anemia is associated with increased mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and may also increase risk among patients with CVD...
  71. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for progressive chronic kidney disease
    William M McClellan
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 14:S65-70. 2003
    ..This should include active extension of our current understanding of health care, social, and economic risk factors at both the individual and the community level...
  72. pmc Effects of vitamin D and calcium supplementation on markers of apoptosis in normal colon mucosa: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial
    Veronika Fedirko
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 2:213-23. 2009
    ....
  73. pmc Lung cancer occurrence in never-smokers: an analysis of 13 cohorts and 22 cancer registry studies
    Michael J Thun
    American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Med 5:e185. 2008
    ..Better information on lung cancer occurrence in lifelong nonsmokers is needed to understand gender and racial disparities and to examine how factors other than active smoking influence risk in different time periods and geographic regions...
  74. pmc Associations of maternal age- and parity-related factors with trends in low-birthweight rates: United States, 1980 through 2000
    Quanhe Yang
    Division of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd, Mail Stop E 86, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:856-61. 2006
    ..We assessed the effects of changes in the maternal age-parity distribution and age-and parity-specific low-birthweight rates on low-birthweight trends in the United States...
  75. pmc Vitamin D status and impact of vitamin D3 and/or calcium supplementation in a randomized pilot study in the Southeastern United States
    Marjorie L McCullough
    Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia 30303 1002, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 28:678-86. 2009
    ....
  76. ncbi request reprint Seroprevalence of cytomegalovirus infection in the United States, 1988-1994
    Stephanie A S Staras
    Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:1143-51. 2006
    ..However, there are no nationwide estimates of CMV seroprevalence among pregnant women or the overall population of the United States...
  77. pmc Using lifetime risk estimates in personal genomic profiles: estimation of uncertainty
    Quanhe Yang
    Office of Public Health Genomics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 85:786-800. 2009
    ..Epidemiologic parameters involved in computation of disease risk have substantial uncertainty, and cumulative uncertainty should be properly recognized. Reliance on point estimates alone could be seriously misleading...
  78. ncbi request reprint HIV intervention research for men who have sex with men: a 7-year update
    Wayne D Johnson
    Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30312, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 17:568-89. 2005
    ..The other 16 interventions reduced unprotected sex by 17% beyond changes observed in standard or other HIV prevention interventions (CI = 5-27%). Behavioral interventions reduce self-reported unprotected sex among MSM...
  79. ncbi request reprint Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and breast cancer incidence in a large U.S. cohort
    Eric J Jacobs
    Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, National Home Office, 1599 Clifton Road Northeast, Atlanta, GA 30329 4251, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 14:261-4. 2005
    ..26 for total NSAIDs; RR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.69-1.12 for aspirin). Although we cannot exclude a small reduction in breast cancer risk associated with NSAID use, the results of this study provide evidence against a large reduction in risk...
  80. pmc Reduction of elevated blood lead levels in children in North Carolina and Vermont, 1996-1999
    Timothy A Dignam
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:981-5. 2008
    ..Few studies have examined factors related to the time required for children's blood lead levels (BLLs) > or = 10 microg/dL to decline to < 10 microg/dL...
  81. pmc Exogenous and endogenous determinants of blood trihalomethane levels after showering
    Lorraine C Backer
    National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, GA 30341, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:57-63. 2008
    ..Increases in blood THM levels among subjects who showered or bathed were variable, with increased levels tending to cluster in two groups...
  82. pmc Improving the prediction of complex diseases by testing for multiple disease-susceptibility genes
    Quanhe Yang
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Hum Genet 72:636-49. 2003
    ..Multiplex genetic testing has the potential to improve the clinical validity of predictive testing for common multifactorial diseases...
  83. ncbi request reprint Variations in quality of care for heart failure
    Jean Christophe Luthi
    Health Care Evaluation Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 136:268-73. 2006
    ..The objective of our study was to assess hospital-to-hospital variations for the management and treatment of heart failure (HF) patients...
  84. ncbi request reprint Assessment of cumulative evidence on genetic associations: interim guidelines
    John P A Ioannidis
    Clinical and Molecular Epidemiology Unit, University of Ioannina School of Medicine, Ioannina 45110, Greece
    Int J Epidemiol 37:120-32. 2008
    ..Future empirical research and consensus development are needed to develop an integrated model for combining epidemiological and biological evidence in the rapidly evolving field of investigation of genetic factors...
  85. pmc Profiles of airborne fungi in buildings and outdoor environments in the United States
    Brian G Shelton
    PathCon Laboratories, Norcross, Georgia 30092, USA
    Appl Environ Microbiol 68:1743-53. 2002
    ..This is the largest study of airborne indoor and outdoor fungal species and concentrations conducted with a standardized protocol to date...
  86. pmc Anemia and chronic kidney disease are associated with poor outcomes in heart failure patients
    Jean Christophe Luthi
    Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    BMC Nephrol 7:3. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine among patients with HF, the association between CKD, anemia and inhospital mortality and early readmission...
  87. ncbi request reprint Re: "estimating the proportion of disease due to classes of sufficient causes"
    Kurt Hoffmann
    Am J Epidemiol 164:1254-5. 2006
  88. ncbi request reprint Quality of health care surveillance systems: review and implementation in the Swiss setting
    Jean Christophe Luthi
    Health Care Evaluation Unit, Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    Swiss Med Wkly 132:461-9. 2002
    ..Priority needs to be given to quality indicators and methods with the highest level of evidence and with a solid scientific basis...
  89. pmc High-intensity targeted screening for elevated blood lead levels among children in 2 inner-city Chicago communities
    Timothy A Dignam
    Lead Poisoning Prevention Branch, Division of Emergency and Environmental Health Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention NIH, 4770 Buford Highway, Mail Stop F 40, Chamblee, GA 30341, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1945-51. 2004
    ..We assessed the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (> or = 10 micrograms of lead per deciliter of blood), risk factors, and previous blood lead testing among children in 2 high-risk Chicago, Ill, communities...