Paul M Emerson

Summary

Affiliation: Emory University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Monitoring of mass distribution interventions for trachoma in Plateau State, Nigeria
    Elizabeth A Cromwell
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e1995. 2013
  2. pmc Performance of local light microscopy and the ParaScreen Pan/Pf rapid diagnostic test to detect malaria in health centers in Northwest Ethiopia
    Tekola Endeshaw
    The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    PLoS ONE 7:e33014. 2012
  3. pmc The epidemiology of low vision and blindness associated with trichiasis in southern Sudan
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Ophthalmol 7:12. 2007
  4. pmc Integrating an NTD with one of "The big three": combined malaria and trachoma survey in Amhara Region of Ethiopia
    Paul M Emerson
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e197. 2008
  5. pmc The SAFE strategy for trachoma control: Using operational research for policy, planning and implementation
    Paul M Emerson
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 84:613-9. 2006
  6. ncbi request reprint Household pit latrines as a potential source of the fly Musca sorbens--a one year longitudinal study from The Gambia
    Paul M Emerson
    School of Biological and Biomedical Science, University of Durham, Durham, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 10:706-9. 2005
  7. pmc Evaluation of light microscopy and rapid diagnostic test for the detection of malaria under operational field conditions: a household survey in Ethiopia
    Tekola Endeshaw
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Malar J 7:118. 2008
  8. pmc Risk factors for ocular chlamydia after three mass azithromycin distributions
    Berhan Ayele
    The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1441. 2011
  9. doi request reprint Evaluation of three years of the SAFE strategy (Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness and Environmental improvement) for trachoma control in five districts of Ethiopia hyperendemic for trachoma
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill Avenue, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:1001-10. 2009
  10. doi request reprint Risk factors for active trachoma in children and trichiasis in adults: a household survey in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill Avenue, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:432-8. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. pmc Monitoring of mass distribution interventions for trachoma in Plateau State, Nigeria
    Elizabeth A Cromwell
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e1995. 2013
    ..CRS for evaluation of MDA provides a useful additional monitoring tool to CDD registers. These data support modification of distributor training and MDA delivery to increase coverage in subsequent rounds of MDA...
  2. pmc Performance of local light microscopy and the ParaScreen Pan/Pf rapid diagnostic test to detect malaria in health centers in Northwest Ethiopia
    Tekola Endeshaw
    The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    PLoS ONE 7:e33014. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc The epidemiology of low vision and blindness associated with trichiasis in southern Sudan
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
    BMC Ophthalmol 7:12. 2007
    ....
  4. pmc Integrating an NTD with one of "The big three": combined malaria and trachoma survey in Amhara Region of Ethiopia
    Paul M Emerson
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e197. 2008
    ..4% of the population)...
  5. pmc The SAFE strategy for trachoma control: Using operational research for policy, planning and implementation
    Paul M Emerson
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Bull World Health Organ 84:613-9. 2006
    ..Operational research has become a part of practice. Although there are still many questions without answers, national programme coordinators have a reasonable expectation that trachoma control programmes based on SAFE will work...
  6. ncbi request reprint Household pit latrines as a potential source of the fly Musca sorbens--a one year longitudinal study from The Gambia
    Paul M Emerson
    School of Biological and Biomedical Science, University of Durham, Durham, UK
    Trop Med Int Health 10:706-9. 2005
    ..To assess whether the trachoma vector Musca sorbens was breeding in household latrines in a trachoma-endemic part of The Gambia...
  7. pmc Evaluation of light microscopy and rapid diagnostic test for the detection of malaria under operational field conditions: a household survey in Ethiopia
    Tekola Endeshaw
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Malar J 7:118. 2008
    ..The concordance between RDTs and microscopy in low or unstable transmission areas has not been evaluated...
  8. pmc Risk factors for ocular chlamydia after three mass azithromycin distributions
    Berhan Ayele
    The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e1441. 2011
    ..Knowledge of characteristics associated with infection after mass antibiotic treatments could allow trachoma programs to focus resources to those most likely to be infected with ocular chlamydia...
  9. doi request reprint Evaluation of three years of the SAFE strategy (Surgery, Antibiotics, Facial cleanliness and Environmental improvement) for trachoma control in five districts of Ethiopia hyperendemic for trachoma
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill Avenue, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:1001-10. 2009
    ..1%. Although there were substantial reductions in outcomes in children and adults, the presence of ocular Chlamydia and TF in children suggests ongoing transmission. Continued implementation of SAFE is warranted...
  10. doi request reprint Risk factors for active trachoma in children and trichiasis in adults: a household survey in Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill Avenue, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 102:432-8. 2008
    ..5; 95% CI 1.4-1.7), female gender (OR=4.5; 95% CI 3.5-5.8), increasing prevalence of active trachoma in children (Ptrend=0.003) and increasing altitude (Ptrend=0.015)...
  11. doi request reprint Individual, household and environmental risk factors for malaria infection in Amhara, Oromia and SNNP regions of Ethiopia
    Patricia M Graves
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:1211-20. 2009
    ..10; 95% CI 1.03-1.18). People living above 2000 m and people of all ages are still at significant risk of malaria infection...
  12. pmc Latrine promotion for trachoma: assessment of mortality from a cluster-randomized trial in Ethiopia
    Teshome Gebre
    Carter Center Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:518-23. 2011
    ..18, 95% CI = 0.89-1.58). Latrine promotion provided no additional effect on mortality in the context of an azithromycin distribution program (clinicaltrials.gov, #NCT00322972)...
  13. pmc Factors associated with mosquito net use by individuals in households owning nets in Ethiopia
    Patricia M Graves
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Malar J 10:354. 2011
    ..It is important to understand individual level net use factors in the context of the home to modify programmes so as to maximize net use...
  14. pmc Which nets are being used: factors associated with mosquito net use in Amhara, Oromia and Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples' Regions of Ethiopia
    Jeremiah M Ngondi
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Malar J 10:92. 2011
    ..This study aimed to investigate factors associated with net use at two time points, before and after mass distribution of nets...
  15. pmc The association between latrine use and trachoma: a secondary cohort analysis from a randomized clinical trial
    Meron Haile
    Francis I Proctor Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, California The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Departments of Ophthalmology and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, California The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia Institute for Global Health, University of California, San Francisco, California
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 89:717-20. 2013
    ..Specifically, for each 10% increase in latrine use, there was a 2.0% decrease (95% confidence interval = 0.2-3.9% decrease) in the community prevalence of ocular chlamydia over the subsequent year (P = 0.04)...
  16. doi request reprint Comparison of annual versus twice-yearly mass azithromycin treatment for hyperendemic trachoma in Ethiopia: a cluster-randomised trial
    Teshome Gebre
    The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Lancet 379:143-51. 2012
    ..We aimed to compare the effect of annual versus twice-yearly distribution of azithromycin on infection with these strains...
  17. pmc Malaria prevalence and mosquito net coverage in Oromia and SNNPR regions of Ethiopia
    Estifanos B Shargie
    The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    BMC Public Health 8:321. 2008
    ....
  18. doi request reprint Comparison of Parascreen Pan/Pf, Paracheck Pf and light microscopy for detection of malaria among febrile patients, Northwest Ethiopia
    Tekola Endeshaw
    The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 104:467-74. 2010
    ..9% sensitive for P. falciparum. Parascreen thus performed adequately for both P. falciparum and P. vivax compared to expert microscopy and is more useful than Paracheck where microscopy is unavailable...
  19. pmc Knowledge of malaria and its association with malaria-related behaviors--results from the Malaria Indicator Survey, Ethiopia, 2007
    Jimee Hwang
    U S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e11692. 2010
    ....
  20. doi request reprint Randomised trial of face-washing to develop a standard definition of a clean face for monitoring trachoma control programmes
    Jonathan D King
    The Carter Center, One Copenhill, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 105:7-16. 2011
    ..This study suggests that the absence of ocular and dry nasal discharge can be used as an indicator of 'clean face', although it is not a good predictor of whether a face has been washed and is difficult to recommend...
  21. pmc Reliability of measurements performed by community-drawn anthropometrists from rural Ethiopia
    Berhan Ayele
    The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    PLoS ONE 7:e30345. 2012
    ..In this study, we trained individuals from rural communities in Ethiopia in anthropometry techniques and measured intra- and inter-observer reliability...
  22. doi request reprint The excess burden of trachomatous trichiasis in women: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Elizabeth A Cromwell
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill, 453 Freedom Parkway, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:985-92. 2009
    ..Women must be specifically and deliberately targeted for trichiasis surgery if the aim of eliminating blindness from trachoma is to be achieved...
  23. pmc Malaria indicator survey 2007, Ethiopia: coverage and use of major malaria prevention and control interventions
    Daddi Jima
    Diseases Prevention and Control Department, Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Malar J 9:58. 2010
    ....
  24. pmc The burden of trachoma in Ayod County of Southern Sudan
    Jonathan D King
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2:e299. 2008
    ..Recent surveys have shown trachoma to be a serious cause of blindness in Southern Sudan. We conducted this survey in Ayod County of Jonglei State to estimate the need for intervention activities to eliminate blinding trachoma...
  25. ncbi request reprint Household latrine use, maintenance and acceptability in rural Zinder, Niger
    Mamadou O Diallo
    The Carter Center Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30307, USA
    Int J Environ Health Res 17:443-52. 2007
    ..Future promotion projects may develop local sanitation expertise and focus on perceived benefits--proximity and privacy--rather than health...
  26. pmc Prevalence of trachoma at sub-district level in ethiopia: determining when to stop mass azithromycin distribution
    Jonathan D King
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8:e2732. 2014
    ..We conducted impact surveys powered to estimate prevalence simultaneously at the sub-district and district in two zones of Amhara, Ethiopia to determine whether MDA could be stopped...
  27. doi request reprint Estimation of population coverage for antibiotic distribution for trachoma control: a comparison of methods
    Elizabeth A Cromwell
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Int Health 1:182-9. 2009
    ..9, 18.1-66.3) were independent predictors of participation. Cluster randomised surveys can estimate MDA coverage better than the traditional method and implementation of indelible marking merits investigation. ..
  28. ncbi request reprint Methods for estimating population coverage of mass distribution programmes: a review of practices in relation to trachoma control
    Elizabeth A Cromwell
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 106:588-95. 2012
    ..They merit use until standard guidelines are available. CRS methods should be used to verify population coverage derived from LQAS, purposive sampling methods and administrative reports...
  29. ncbi request reprint Sustainability and acceptability of latrine provision in The Gambia
    Victoria M Simms
    MRC Laboratories, P O Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Durham, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 99:631-7. 2005
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Risk factors for trachomatous trichiasis in children: cross-sectional household surveys in Southern Sudan
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 103:305-14. 2009
    ....
  31. doi request reprint Evaluation of community intervention with pit latrines for trachoma control in Ghana, Mali, Niger and Nigeria
    Lisa A Rotondo
    The Carter Center, 1 Copenhill Avenue, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA
    Int Health 1:154-62. 2009
    ..Latrine promotion had been successful increasing access to sanitation in different country contexts and demonstrates the target population are willing to construct, use and maintain household latrines. ..
  32. doi request reprint Evaluation of household latrine coverage in Kewot woreda, Ethiopia, 3 years after implementing interventions to control blinding trachoma
    Rachael K Ross
    Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Int Health 3:251-8. 2011
    ..Latrine promotion should include emphasis on rebuilding latrines. More support may be needed by small households as well as those with a female head if universal latrine access is to be achieved in Kewot. ..
  33. pmc Adverse events after mass azithromycin treatments for trachoma in Ethiopia
    Berhan Ayele
    The Carter Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:291-4. 2011
    ..9% to 7.0% in children 1-9 years of age and from 17.0% to 18.7% in persons ≥ 10 years of age. Adverse events appeared to cluster by household and perhaps by village. Mass azithromycin distributions were well tolerated in this setting...
  34. doi request reprint Integrating NTD mapping protocols: Can surveys for trachoma and urinary schistosomiasis be done simultaneously?
    Jonathan D King
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:793-8. 2009
    ..Integrating trachoma into SCH school-based surveys, and SCH into trachoma surveys, was quick and easy, but in this setting, school-based surveys were more useful for identifying communities where intervention is warranted...
  35. pmc Intestinal parasite prevalence in an area of ethiopia after implementing the SAFE strategy, enhanced outreach services, and health extension program
    Jonathan D King
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2223. 2013
    ..We integrated assessment of intestinal parasites into large-scale trachoma impact surveys to determine whether documented environmental improvements promoted by a trachoma program had collateral impact on intestinal parasites...
  36. doi request reprint Trachoma prevalence in Niger: results of 31 district-level surveys
    Elizabeth A Cromwell
    The Carter Center, Trachoma Control Program, 1149 Ponce de Leon, Atlanta GA 30306, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 108:42-8. 2014
    ..In Niger, a landlocked republic in Western Africa, surveys in 1988-89 identified trachoma as endemic in all but one region and, as a result, there is a National Prevention of Blindness Program plan to eliminate trachoma by 2015...
  37. pmc A novel electronic data collection system for large-scale surveys of neglected tropical diseases
    Jonathan D King
    The Carter Center, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    PLoS ONE 8:e74570. 2013
    ..As an alternative to standard paper-based data collection, we utilized novel paperless technology to collect data electronically from over 12,000 households in Ethiopia...
  38. ncbi request reprint Follow-up of a low cost latrine promotion programme in one district of Amhara, Ethiopia: characteristics of early adopters and non-adopters
    Rosalyn O'Loughlin
    Epidemic Intelligence Service, Respiratory Diseases Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 11:1406-15. 2006
    ....
  39. pmc Incremental cost of conducting population-based prevalence surveys for a neglected tropical disease: the example of trachoma in 8 national programs
    Chaoqun Chen
    Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 5:e979. 2011
    ..An economic analysis was performed to estimate the cost of trachoma prevalence surveys conducted between 2006 and 2010 from 8 national trachoma control programs in Africa...
  40. pmc Integration of water, sanitation, and hygiene for the prevention and control of neglected tropical diseases: a rationale for inter-sectoral collaboration
    Matthew C Freeman
    Department of Environmental Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2439. 2013
    ..We discuss strategic opportunities and ways forward for enhanced collaboration between the WASH and the NTD sectors. ..
  41. ncbi request reprint Trachoma among children in community surveys from four African countries and implications of using school surveys for evaluating prevalence
    Jonathan D King
    The Carter Center, 1149 Ponce de Leon Ave, Atlanta, GA 30306, USA
    Int Health 5:280-7. 2013
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare trachoma prevalence between preschool- and school-aged children and children who attend and do not attend school...
  42. ncbi request reprint Reducing malaria by mosquito-proofing houses
    Steve W Lindsay
    School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, University of Durham, Science Laboratories, South Road, Durham, UK
    Trends Parasitol 18:510-4. 2002
    ..The literature reviewed here demonstrates the enormous potential of these methods to reduce malaria, in the hope that it will stimulate scientific debate and further research...
  43. ncbi request reprint The Flies and Eyes project: design and methods of a cluster-randomised intervention study to confirm the importance of flies as trachoma vectors in The Gambia and to test a sustainable method of fly control using pit latrines
    Paul M Emerson
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, Banjul, The Gambia
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 9:105-17. 2002
    ..The results will assist programme planners and country co-ordinators to make informed decisions on the environmental aspects of trachoma control...
  44. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of latrine promotion participants and non-participants; inspection of latrines; and perceptions of household latrines in Northern Ghana
    Ann F Rodgers
    Yale University, School of Epidemiology and Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 12:772-82. 2007
    ..To examine characteristics of household heads in two districts of Northern Ghana who had or had not participated in latrine promotion programmes; to inspect latrines; and to explore perceptions of latrine ownership...
  45. ncbi request reprint Intensive insecticide spraying for fly control after mass antibiotic treatment for trachoma in a hyperendemic setting: a randomised trial
    Sheila K West
    Dana Center for Preventive Ophthalmology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Lancet 368:596-600. 2006
    ..We sought to determine whether insecticide spray intervention after mass antibiotic treatment could reduce trachoma and ocular infection with Chlamydia trachomatis in hyperendemic neighbourhoods in Tanzania...
  46. ncbi request reprint Role of flies and provision of latrines in trachoma control: cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Paul M Emerson
    Medical Research Council Laboratories, PO Box 273, Banjul, The Gambia
    Lancet 363:1093-8. 2004
    ..We aimed to assess the role of eye-seeking flies as vectors of trachoma and to test provision of simple pit latrines, without additional health education, as a sustainable method of fly control...
  47. ncbi request reprint Effect of 3 years of SAFE (surgery, antibiotics, facial cleanliness, and environmental change) strategy for trachoma control in southern Sudan: a cross-sectional study
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK
    Lancet 368:589-95. 2006
    ..We did a 3-year evaluation to quantify uptake of SAFE (surgery, antibiotics, facial cleanliness, and environmental change) interventions, and to assess the prevalence of active trachoma and unclean faces...
  48. pmc Blindness survey methods: response from Sudan study authors
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    PLoS Med 4:e86. 2007
  49. pmc Prevalence and causes of blindness and low vision in southern Sudan
    Jeremiah Ngondi
    Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
    PLoS Med 3:e477. 2006
    ..We aimed to estimate the prevalence of blindness and low vision, identify the main causes of blindness and low vision, and estimate targets for blindness prevention programs in Mankien payam (district), southern Sudan...
  50. doi request reprint Blinding trachoma in katsina state, Nigeria: population-based prevalence survey in ten local government areas
    Nimzing F Jip
    The Carter Center, Jos, Nigeria
    Ophthalmic Epidemiol 15:294-302. 2008
    ..To assess the prevalence of trachomatous inflammation follicular (TF) in children aged 1-9 years and trachomatous trichiasis (TT) in adults aged 15 years or more in Katsina State, Nigeria...