F B M de Waal


Affiliation: Emory University
Country: USA


  1. de Waal F. The antiquity of empathy. Science. 2012;336:874-6 pubmed publisher
    ..As indicated by both observational and experimental studies on our closest relatives, empathy may be the main motivator of prosocial behavior. ..
  2. de Waal F, Leimgruber K, Greenberg A. Giving is self-rewarding for monkeys. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:13685-9 pubmed publisher
    ..If the view between both monkeys was blocked, choices became strikingly selfish. Thus, under certain conditions, delivering benefits to others seems gratifying to nonhuman primates. ..
  3. de Waal F, Suchak M. Prosocial primates: selfish and unselfish motivations. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2010;365:2711-22 pubmed publisher
  4. de Waal F, Dindo M, Freeman C, Hall M. The monkey in the mirror: hardly a stranger. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:11140-7 pubmed
    ..Possibly, they reach a level of self-other distinction intermediate between seeing their mirror image as other and recognizing it as self. ..
  5. de Waal F. Silent invasion: Imanishi's primatology and cultural bias in science. Anim Cogn. 2003;6:293-9 pubmed