F B M de Waal

Summary

Affiliation: Emory University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi The antiquity of empathy
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center and Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 336:874-6. 2012
  2. doi Controlled studies of chimpanzee cultural transmission
    Victoria Horner
    Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Prog Brain Res 178:3-15. 2009
  3. pmc Giving is self-rewarding for monkeys
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13685-9. 2008
  4. pmc Research chimpanzees may get a break
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Biol 10:e1001291. 2012
  5. pmc Peace lessons from an unlikely source
    Frans B M de Waal
    Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Biol 2:E101. 2004
  6. ncbi Frans B.M. de Waal
    F B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes Primate Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Curr Biol 16:R903-4. 2006
  7. ncbi Putting the altruism back into altruism: the evolution of empathy
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:279-300. 2008
  8. ncbi Propagation of handclasp grooming among captive chimpanzees
    F B de Waal
    Yerkes Primate Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Am J Primatol 43:339-46. 1997
  9. pmc The monkey in the mirror: hardly a stranger
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:11140-7. 2005
  10. ncbi A century of getting to know the chimpanzee
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, 954 North Gatewood Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Nature 437:56-9. 2005

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. doi The antiquity of empathy
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center and Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 336:874-6. 2012
    ..As indicated by both observational and experimental studies on our closest relatives, empathy may be the main motivator of prosocial behavior...
  2. doi Controlled studies of chimpanzee cultural transmission
    Victoria Horner
    Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Prog Brain Res 178:3-15. 2009
    ....
  3. pmc Giving is self-rewarding for monkeys
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:13685-9. 2008
    ..If the view between both monkeys was blocked, choices became strikingly selfish. Thus, under certain conditions, delivering benefits to others seems gratifying to nonhuman primates...
  4. pmc Research chimpanzees may get a break
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Biol 10:e1001291. 2012
    ..It is high time to think about their retirement, Frans de Waal argues, without neglecting prospects for non-invasive research on behavior, cognition, and genetics...
  5. pmc Peace lessons from an unlikely source
    Frans B M de Waal
    Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS Biol 2:E101. 2004
  6. ncbi Frans B.M. de Waal
    F B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes Primate Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Curr Biol 16:R903-4. 2006
  7. ncbi Putting the altruism back into altruism: the evolution of empathy
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 59:279-300. 2008
    ..Empathy-induced altruism derives its strength from the emotional stake it offers the self in the other's welfare. The dynamics of the empathy mechanism agree with predictions from kin selection and reciprocal altruism theory...
  8. ncbi Propagation of handclasp grooming among captive chimpanzees
    F B de Waal
    Yerkes Primate Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Am J Primatol 43:339-46. 1997
    ..Over the years the posture increased in frequency and duration and spread to the majority of adults and also to a few adolescents and older juveniles. The pattern persisted after removal of the apparent originator...
  9. pmc The monkey in the mirror: hardly a stranger
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:11140-7. 2005
    ..Possibly, they reach a level of self-other distinction intermediate between seeing their mirror image as other and recognizing it as self...
  10. ncbi A century of getting to know the chimpanzee
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, 954 North Gatewood Road, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Nature 437:56-9. 2005
    ..The sequencing of the chimpanzee genome will no doubt bring more surprises and insights. Humans do occupy a special place among the primates, but this place increasingly has to be defined against a backdrop of substantial similarity...
  11. pmc The thief in the mirror
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 6:e201. 2008
  12. pmc Prosocial primates: selfish and unselfish motivations
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 365:2711-22. 2010
    ..This paper further reviews observational and experimental evidence for the reciprocity mechanisms that underlie cooperation among non-relatives, for inequity aversion as a constraint on cooperation and on the way defection is dealt with...
  13. doi What is an animal emotion?
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, 954 N Gatewood Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1224:191-206. 2011
    ..Understanding the emotionally deep structure of behavior will be the next frontier in the study of animal behavior...
  14. ncbi Capuchin cognitive ecology: cooperation based on projected returns
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes Primate Center, Emory University, 954 N Gatewood Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neuropsychologia 41:221-8. 2003
    ..Decisions about cooperation thus take into account both the opportunity for and the likelihood of subsequent competition over the spoils...
  15. ncbi Primates--a natural heritage of conflict resolution
    F B de Waal
    Living Links, Center for the Advanced Study of Human and Ape Evolution, Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 289:586-90. 2000
    ..It is only when social relationships are valued that one can expect the full complement of natural checks and balances...
  16. ncbi Food transfers through mesh in brown capuchins
    F B de Waal
    Yerkes Primate Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA
    J Comp Psychol 111:370-8. 1997
    ..The study suggests that sharing mechanisms may be different for adult male capuchins, with males sharing food more readily and less discriminatingly than females...
  17. doi Towards a bottom-up perspective on animal and human cognition
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, 954 North Gatewood Road, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 14:201-7. 2010
    ..We argue that this bottom-up perspective, which focuses on the constituent capacities underlying larger cognitive phenomena, is more in line with both neuroscience and evolutionary biology...
  18. ncbi Silent invasion: Imanishi's primatology and cultural bias in science
    Frans B M de Waal
    Living Links, Yerkes Primate Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Anim Cogn 6:293-9. 2003
  19. ncbi Darwin's legacy and the study of primate visual communication
    Frans B M de Waal
    Yerkes Primate Center, and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1000:7-31. 2003
    ..There is also increasing evidence for signal conventionalization in primates, especially the apes, in both captivity and the field. This process results in group-specific or "cultural" communication patterns...
  20. ncbi Partner effects on food consumption in brown capuchin monkeys
    Marietta Dindo
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Primatol 69:448-56. 2007
    ..Possibly, (in)equity plays a different role if food serves as a reward for a task rather than if it is simply made available for consumption...
  21. ncbi How animals do business
    Frans B M de Waal
    Emory University, USA
    Sci Am 292:54-61. 2005
  22. ncbi Copying without rewards: socially influenced foraging decisions among brown capuchin monkeys
    Kristin E Bonnie
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Anim Cogn 10:283-92. 2007
    ....
  23. pmc Spread of arbitrary conventions among chimpanzees: a controlled experiment
    Kristin E Bonnie
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 274:367-72. 2007
    ..Since the action-sequences lacked meaning before the experiment and had no logical connection with reward, chimpanzees must have extracted both the form and benefits of these sequences through observation of others...
  24. doi Face recognition in capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella)
    Jennifer J Pokorny
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Reserach Center, Emory University, 954 N Gatewood Road, Atlanta, GA 30329
    J Comp Psychol 123:151-60. 2009
    ..Capuchins can be added to a growing list of primates that appear to recognize two-dimensional facial images of conspecifics...
  25. pmc Inequity responses of monkeys modified by effort
    Megan van Wolkenten
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:18854-9. 2007
    ..These effects are as expected if the inequity response evolved in the context of cooperative survival strategies...
  26. doi Self-recognition in the Asian elephant and future directions for cognitive research with elephants in zoological settings
    Joshua M Plotnik
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Zoo Biol 29:179-91. 2010
    ..maximus...
  27. doi Third-party postconflict affiliation of aggressors in chimpanzees
    Teresa Romero
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Primatol 73:397-404. 2011
    ..Both study groups showed behavioral specificity for appeasement, i.e. context-specific use of certain behaviors, supporting the view that chimpanzees exhibit highly visible explicit postconflict affiliation...
  28. pmc Computer animations stimulate contagious yawning in chimpanzees
    Matthew W Campbell
    Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, 2409 Taylor Lane, Lawrenceville, GA 30043, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 276:4255-9. 2009
    ..Understanding how chimpanzees connect with animations, to both empathize and imitate, may help us to understand how humans do the same...
  29. pmc Monkeys recognize the faces of group mates in photographs
    Jennifer J Pokorny
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:21539-43. 2009
    ..This ability was unexplained by potential color cues because the same results were obtained with grayscale images. These tests demonstrate that capuchin monkeys, like humans, recognize whom they see in a picture...
  30. ncbi Monkeys reject unequal pay
    Sarah F Brosnan
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30329, USA
    Nature 425:297-9. 2003
    ..These reactions support an early evolutionary origin of inequity aversion...
  31. pmc Prestige affects cultural learning in chimpanzees
    Victoria Horner
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Lawrenceville, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e10625. 2010
    ..If similar biases operate in wild animal populations, the adoption of culturally transmitted innovations may be significantly shaped by the characteristics of performers...
  32. pmc Consolation as possible expression of sympathetic concern among chimpanzees
    Teresa Romero
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:12110-5. 2010
    ..That consolation is an integrated part of close mutual relationships is supported by the tendency for it being reciprocated...
  33. doi Methodological problems in the study of contagious yawning
    Matthew W Campbell
    Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Ga 30072, USA
    Front Neurol Neurosci 28:120-7. 2010
    ..With its link to empathy, a more standardized study of contagious yawning may be a useful tool for a variety of disciplines...
  34. ncbi Responses to a simple barter task in chimpanzees, Pan troglodytes
    Sarah F Brosnan
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Primates 46:173-82. 2005
    ....
  35. ncbi Socially learned preferences for differentially rewarded tokens in the brown capuchin monkey (Cebus apella)
    Sarah F Brosnan
    Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Comp Psychol 118:133-9. 2004
    ..They also fail to learn that the value of familiar tokens has changed. Information about token value is available in all situations, but capuchins seem to pay more attention in a social situation involving novel tokens...
  36. ncbi A concept of value during experimental exchange in brown capuchin monkeys, Cebus apella
    Sarah F Brosnan
    Living Links Center, Emory University, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, 954 N Gatewood Drive, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Folia Primatol (Basel) 75:317-30. 2004
    ..This sex difference parallels previous findings of greater reciprocity in female brown capuchins than in males...
  37. pmc Tolerance for inequity may increase with social closeness in chimpanzees
    Sarah F Brosnan
    Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, 954 North Gatewood Drive, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 272:253-8. 2005
    ....
  38. ncbi Partner's behavior, not reward distribution, determines success in an unequal cooperative task in capuchin monkeys
    Sarah F Brosnan
    Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    Am J Primatol 68:713-24. 2006
    ..This ability to equitably distribute rewards in inherently biased cooperative situations has profound implications for activities such as group hunts, in which multiple individuals work together for a single, monopolizable reward...
  39. ncbi Partial support from a non-replication: comment on Roma, Silberberg, Ruggiero, and Suomi (2006)
    Sarah F Brosnan
    Department of Anthropology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    J Comp Psychol 120:74-5. 2006
    ..The authors conclude that Roma et al.'s study is not a replication and does not disprove the authors' findings...
  40. ncbi Affiliation promotes the transmission of a social custom: handclasp grooming among captive chimpanzees
    Kristin E Bonnie
    Department of Psychology, Emory University, and Living Links Center, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, GA 30329, USA
    Primates 47:27-34. 2006
    ..We concluded that affiliation and individual experience determines the transmission of handclasp grooming among captive chimpanzees...
  41. ncbi The mother-offspring relationship as a template in social development: reconciliation in captive brown capuchins (Cebus apella)
    Ann Weaver
    Living Links, Yerkes Primate Center and Psychology Department, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Comp Psychol 117:101-10. 2003
    ....
  42. pmc Self-recognition in an Asian elephant
    Joshua M Plotnik
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, and Department of Psychology, Emory University, 532 North Kligo Circle, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:17053-7. 2006
    ..These parallels suggest convergent cognitive evolution most likely related to complex sociality and cooperation...
  43. ncbi An index of relationship quality based on attachment theory
    Ann Weaver
    Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center, Emory University, USA
    J Comp Psychol 116:93-106. 2002
    ..A comparison revealed extensive behavioral differences between secure and insecure MO relationships and suggested MORQ provided an objective, continuous measure of attachment security...
  44. pmc Ape gestures and language evolution
    Amy S Pollick
    Living Links, Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, 954 North Gatewood Road, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:8184-9. 2007
    ..e., combinations of gestures and facial/vocal signals) added to behavioral impact on the recipient...
  45. ncbi Conformity to cultural norms of tool use in chimpanzees
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9JP, UK
    Nature 437:737-40. 2005
    ..A subset of chimpanzees that discovered the alternative method nevertheless went on to match the predominant approach of their companions, showing a conformity bias that is regarded as a hallmark of human culture...
  46. doi Comparing social skills of children and apes
    Frans B M de Waal
    Science 319:569; author reply 569. 2008
  47. ncbi Transmission of multiple traditions within and between chimpanzee groups
    Andrew Whiten
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution and Scottish Primate Research Group, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews KY16 9JP, United Kingdom
    Curr Biol 17:1038-43. 2007
    ..The convergence of these results with those from the wild implies a richness in chimpanzees' capacity for culture, a richness that parsimony suggests was shared with our common ancestor...
  48. ncbi Visual field information in the face perception of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
    Joshua Plotnik
    Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1000:94-8. 2003
    ..Results suggest that chimpanzees, unlike humans, do not exhibit a left visual field advantage. These results have important implications for studies on laterality and asymmetry in facial signals and their perception in primates...
  49. pmc Robustness mechanisms in primate societies: a perturbation study
    Jessica C Flack
    Santa Fe Institute, NM 87501, USA
    Proc Biol Sci 272:1091-9. 2005
    ....
  50. ncbi Empathy: Its ultimate and proximate bases
    Stephanie D Preston
    University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics, 2RCP Neurology Clinic, Iowa City, IA 52242
    Behav Brain Sci 25:1-20; discussion 20-71. 2002
    ..This view can advance our evolutionary understanding of empathy beyond inclusive fitness and reciprocal altruism and can explain different levels of empathy across individuals, species, stages of development, and situations...
  51. ncbi Animal communication: panel discussion
    Frans B M de Waal
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1000:79-87. 2003
  52. ncbi Play signaling and the perception of social rules by juvenile chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
    Jessica C Flack
    Santa Fe Institute, NM 97501, USA
    J Comp Psychol 118:149-59. 2004
    ..These results suggest that juvenile chimpanzees increase play signaling to prevent termination of the play bouts by mothers of younger partners...
  53. ncbi Visual kin recognition and family resemblance in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)
    John R Vokey
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada
    J Comp Psychol 118:194-9. 2004
    ..Eliminating potential framing biases, either by cropping the photos tightly to the faces or by rebalancing the recognition foils, eliminated the asymmetry but not human participants' ability to recognize chimpanzee kin...
  54. pmc Faithful replication of foraging techniques along cultural transmission chains by chimpanzees and children
    Victoria Horner
    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Psychology, University of St Andrews, Fife KY16 9JP, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:13878-83. 2006
    ..Our results show that chimpanzees have a capacity to sustain local traditions across multiple simulated generations...
  55. ncbi Social structure, robustness, and policing cost in a cognitively sophisticated species
    Jessica C Flack
    Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501, USA
    Am Nat 165:E126-39. 2005
    ..Our data and simple model suggest that third-party policing effectiveness and cost are dependent on power structure and might emerge only in societies with high variance in power...
  56. ncbi Policing stabilizes construction of social niches in primates
    Jessica C Flack
    Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87501, USA
    Nature 439:426-9. 2006
    ..The structure of such networks plays a critical role in infant survivorship, emergence and spread of cooperative behaviour, social learning and cultural traditions...