G S Berns

Summary

Affiliation: Emory University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Neurobiological correlates of social conformity and independence during mental rotation
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1639 Pierce Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 58:245-53. 2005
  2. pmc Functional MRI in awake unrestrained dogs
    Gregory S Berns
    Center for Neuropolicy, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e38027. 2012
  3. pmc Striatal topography of probability and magnitude information for decisions under uncertainty
    Gregory S Berns
    Economics Department, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, United States
    Neuroimage 59:3166-72. 2012
  4. pmc The biology of cultural conflict
    Gregory S Berns
    Center for Neuropolicy, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 367:633-9. 2012
  5. pmc The price of your soul: neural evidence for the non-utilitarian representation of sacred values
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Economics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 367:754-62. 2012
  6. ncbi request reprint Something funny happened to reward
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1639 Pierce Drive, Suite 4000, Atlanta, GA 30328, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:193-4. 2004
  7. pmc Nonlinear neurobiological probability weighting functions for aversive outcomes
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neuroimage 39:2047-57. 2008
  8. pmc Neurobiological substrates of dread
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 101 Woodruff Circle, Suite 4000, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 312:754-8. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Intertemporal choice--toward an integrative framework
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:482-8. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint The neurobiology of bipolar disorder
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory Universitiy School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 123:76-84. 2003

Research Grants

  1. Neurobiology of Uncertainty
    Gregory S Berns; Fiscal Year: 2010
  2. Neurobiology of Uncertainty
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2009
  3. Neurobiological Circuits of Gain and Loss During Risky Decision Making
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2009
  4. Neurobiology of Reward and Preference in Adolescence
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. The Neurobiology of Uncertainty
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2007
  6. NEUROIMAGING OG NOVELTY DETECTION IN COCAINE DEPENDENCE
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
  7. INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRI
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
  8. Hyperscan:Simultaneous fMRI across the internet
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002
  9. Neurobiological Circuits of Gain and Loss During Risky Decision Making
    Gregory S Berns; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications31

  1. ncbi request reprint Neurobiological correlates of social conformity and independence during mental rotation
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1639 Pierce Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 58:245-53. 2005
    ..Conformity might arise at an executive level of decision making, or it might arise because the social setting alters the individual's perception of the world...
  2. pmc Functional MRI in awake unrestrained dogs
    Gregory S Berns
    Center for Neuropolicy, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e38027. 2012
    ..Head motion within trials was less than 1 mm. Consistent with prior reinforcement learning literature, we observed caudate activation in both dogs in response to the hand signal denoting reward versus no-reward...
  3. pmc Striatal topography of probability and magnitude information for decisions under uncertainty
    Gregory S Berns
    Economics Department, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, United States
    Neuroimage 59:3166-72. 2012
    ..The results are consistent with a second-order process of information aggregation in which individuals make separate judgments for magnitude and probability and then integrate those judgments...
  4. pmc The biology of cultural conflict
    Gregory S Berns
    Center for Neuropolicy, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 367:633-9. 2012
    ..Future cultural wars, while they may bear familiar labels of religion and politics, will ultimately be fought over control of our biology and our environment...
  5. pmc The price of your soul: neural evidence for the non-utilitarian representation of sacred values
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Economics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 367:754-62. 2012
    ..This suggests that sacred values affect behaviour through the retrieval and processing of deontic rules and not through a utilitarian evaluation of costs and benefits...
  6. ncbi request reprint Something funny happened to reward
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1639 Pierce Drive, Suite 4000, Atlanta, GA 30328, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:193-4. 2004
    ..Now, a recent fMRI study has found mesolimbic reward activation associated with humorous cartoons, providing a neurobiological link between theories of humour and hedonic processes in the brain...
  7. pmc Nonlinear neurobiological probability weighting functions for aversive outcomes
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neuroimage 39:2047-57. 2008
    ..The neural responses to passive lotteries predicted 79% of subsequent decisions when individuals were offered choices between different lotteries, and exceeded that predicted by behavior alone near the indifference point...
  8. pmc Neurobiological substrates of dread
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 101 Woodruff Circle, Suite 4000, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Science 312:754-8. 2006
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Intertemporal choice--toward an integrative framework
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 11:482-8. 2007
    ..We review and integrate these advances. We emphasize three different, occasionally competing, mechanisms that are implemented in the brain: representation, anticipation and self-control...
  10. ncbi request reprint The neurobiology of bipolar disorder
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory Universitiy School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 123:76-84. 2003
    ..Current evidence points to subtle alterations in signal transduction that reverberate downstream both intra- and extracellularly to produce the symptoms of bipolar disorder...
  11. pmc Adolescent engagement in dangerous behaviors is associated with increased white matter maturity of frontal cortex
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e6773. 2009
    ..Myelination of white matter in the brain continues throughout adolescence and early adulthood. This cortical immaturity has been suggested as a potential cause of dangerous and impulsive behaviors in adolescence...
  12. pmc Neural mechanisms of the influence of popularity on adolescent ratings of music
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 101 Woodruff Circle, Suite 4000, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neuroimage 49:2687-96. 2010
    ..This mismatch anxiety motivates people to switch their choices in the direction of the consensus. Our data suggest that this is a major force behind the conformity observed in music tastes in some teenagers...
  13. ncbi request reprint Limbic hyperreactivity in bipolar II disorder
    Gregory S Berns
    University of Pittsburgh, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:304-6. 2002
    ..The authors' goal was to determine whether patients with bipolar II disorder had altered regional brain responses to novel motor sequences...
  14. ncbi request reprint Predictability modulates human brain response to reward
    G S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Neurosci 21:2793-8. 2001
    ..For pleasurable stimuli, these findings suggest that predictability modulates the response of human reward regions, and subjective preference can be dissociated from this response...
  15. ncbi request reprint Functional neuroimaging
    G S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine and Tech Emory Biomedical Engineering Dept and School of Psychology, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Life Sci 65:2531-40. 1999
    ..This article reviews the basis of these techniques, their strengths and limitations, the underlying neurophysiology, and the future of functional neuroimaging...
  16. ncbi request reprint Continuous functional magnetic resonance imaging reveals dynamic nonlinearities of "dose-response" curves for finger opposition
    G S Berns
    Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Neurosci 19:RC17. 1999
    ..When analyzed with a conventional general linear model, a strong correlation to tapping frequency was identified, but the spatiotemporal dynamics were not apparent...
  17. ncbi request reprint Receptor theory and biological constraints on value
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavorial Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1104:301-9. 2007
    ..From the laws of mass action and receptor occupancy, we show how behaviorally observed forms of nonlinear value functions can arise...
  18. pmc Neurobiological regret and rejoice functions for aversive outcomes
    Pammi V S Chandrasekhar
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Neuroimage 39:1472-84. 2008
    ..Our results suggest that distinct, but overlapping networks are involved in the experiences of regret and rejoice...
  19. ncbi request reprint Human striatal response to salient nonrewarding stimuli
    Caroline F Zink
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Neurosci 23:8092-7. 2003
    ..These results demonstrate a role of the striatum in coding nonrewarding salient events. In addition, a functional subdivision of the striatum according to the behavioral relevance of the stimuli is suggested...
  20. pmc Three studies on the neuroeconomics of decision-making when payoffs are real and negative
    Gregory S Berns
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Adv Health Econ Health Serv Res 20:1-29. 2008
    ..These specific phenomena are (a) negative discounting of future payoffs; (b) nonlinear probability weighting; (c) the experience of regret and rejoice when making a decision under risk...
  21. pmc Human striatal activation reflects degree of stimulus saliency
    Caroline F Zink
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 101 Woodruff Circle, WMB Suite 4000, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neuroimage 29:977-83. 2006
    ..These results suggest that activity in the human striatum reflects the level of saliency associated with a stimulus, perhaps providing a signal to reallocate limited resources to important events...
  22. pmc Anterior cingulate activation and error processing during interferon-alpha treatment
    Lucile Capuron
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1001 Woodruff Circle, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 58:190-6. 2005
    ..Interferon (IFN)-alpha is notorious for causing behavioral symptoms, including depression, fatigue, and cognitive dysfunction, and has been used to investigate the effects of cytokines on the brain...
  23. ncbi request reprint Activity in human ventral striatum locked to errors of reward prediction
    Giuseppe Pagnoni
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:97-8. 2002
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Human striatal responses to monetary reward depend on saliency
    Caroline F Zink
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA
    Neuron 42:509-17. 2004
    ..The present study provides evidence that the striatum's role in reward processing is dependent on the saliency associated with reward, rather than value or hedonic feelings...
  25. ncbi request reprint A computational model of how the basal ganglia produce sequences
    G S Berns
    University of Pittsburgh, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 10:108-21. 1998
    ..The parameter sensitivity of the model is discussed within the framework of existing behavioral and lesion data...
  26. ncbi request reprint Neural correlates of the complexity of rhythmic finger tapping
    Mukeshwar Dhamala
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neuroimage 20:918-26. 2003
    ..These results identify the areas involved in a rhythm generation and the modulation of brain activity with the complexity...
  27. pmc Expert financial advice neurobiologically "Offloads" financial decision-making under risk
    Jan B Engelmann
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e4957. 2009
    ..In the current experiment, we investigated the neurobiological basis of the influence of expert advice on financial decisions under risk...
  28. ncbi request reprint Measurements of brain activity complexity for varying mental loads
    Mukeshwar Dhamala
    School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, USA
    Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys 65:041917. 2002
    ..g., in determining the levels of mental activity, even if little is known about the underlying neurological processes...
  29. ncbi request reprint Basal ganglia hypermetabolism and symptoms of fatigue during interferon-alpha therapy
    Lucile Capuron
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Neuropsychopharmacology 32:2384-92. 2007
    ..These data indicate that IFN-alpha as well as other cytokines of the innate immune response may target basal ganglia nuclei, thereby contributing to fatigue-related symptoms in medically ill patients...
  30. ncbi request reprint Temporal prediction errors in a passive learning task activate human striatum
    Samuel M McClure
    Human Neuroimaging Lab, Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, Division of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Neuron 38:339-46. 2003
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint Neural economics and the biological substrates of valuation
    P Read Montague
    Center for Theoretical Neuroscience, Human Neuroimaging Lab, Division of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Neuron 36:265-84. 2002
    ....

Research Grants19

  1. Neurobiology of Uncertainty
    Gregory S Berns; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..In this project, we will use modern brain imaging techniques to see how social messages from peers and authority figures change risky decisions and which parts of the brain are responsible. ..
  2. Neurobiology of Uncertainty
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..In this project, we will use modern brain imaging techniques to see how social messages from peers and authority figures change risky decisions and which parts of the brain are responsible. ..
  3. Neurobiological Circuits of Gain and Loss During Risky Decision Making
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  4. Neurobiology of Reward and Preference in Adolescence
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. The Neurobiology of Uncertainty
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Ultimately we anticipate that this will suggest new therapies that can be targeted towards the effects of both acute and chronic uncertainty. ..
  6. NEUROIMAGING OG NOVELTY DETECTION IN COCAINE DEPENDENCE
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. INTEGRATION OF BIFURCATION THEORY AND CONTINUOUS FMRI
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The integration of bifurcation theory with continuous fMRI is anticipated to have a significant impact on the way in which fMRI experiments are conducted and will yield new techniques for the study of neuropsychiatric illness. ..
  8. Hyperscan:Simultaneous fMRI across the internet
    Gregory Berns; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Linking together two 3 T scanners, one at Emory University and one at Princeton University, the biological substrates associated with human-human interaction will be compared to human-computer interaction. ..
  9. Neurobiological Circuits of Gain and Loss During Risky Decision Making
    Gregory S Berns; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....