L M Kopelman

Summary

Affiliation: East Carolina University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Minimal risk as an international ethical standard in research
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, NC 27858 4354, USA
    J Med Philos 29:351-78. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Ethical concerns about federal approval of risky pediatric studies
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858 4354, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1783-9. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint What is the role of the precautionary principle in the philosophy of medicine and bioethics?
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Med Philos 29:255-8. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint If HIV/AIDS is punishment, who is bad?
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Med Philos 27:231-43. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint AIDS and Africa. Introduction
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Med Philos 27:139-42. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Are the 21-year-old Baby Doe rules misunderstood or mistaken?
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, 600 Moye Blvd, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    Pediatrics 115:797-802. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Children as research subjects: a dilemma
    L M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27834 4354, USA
    J Med Philos 25:745-64. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Rejecting the Baby Doe rules and defending a "negative" analysis of the Best Interests Standard
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    J Med Philos 30:331-52. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Rembrandt's anatomy lesson as a metaphor for education
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27834, USA
    Curr Surg 60:150-1. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Pediatric research regulations under legal scrutiny: Grimes narrows their interpretation
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 30:38-49. 2002

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications31

  1. ncbi request reprint Minimal risk as an international ethical standard in research
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, NC 27858 4354, USA
    J Med Philos 29:351-78. 2004
    ..Six of nine frequently cited interpretations of "minimal risk" are untenable. The "absolute" interpretation of the "routine examination" standard is defended as best...
  2. ncbi request reprint Ethical concerns about federal approval of risky pediatric studies
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858 4354, USA
    Pediatrics 113:1783-9. 2004
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint What is the role of the precautionary principle in the philosophy of medicine and bioethics?
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Med Philos 29:255-8. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint If HIV/AIDS is punishment, who is bad?
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Med Philos 27:231-43. 2002
    ..We need to cooperate and respond as befits this global public-health disaster and not engage in the misguided and bad faith activity of dividing the world into the blameworthy and blameless...
  5. ncbi request reprint AIDS and Africa. Introduction
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Med Philos 27:139-42. 2002
    ..The authors conclude that good solutions must be cooperative ventures among countries within and outside of sub-Saharan Africa with far more support from wealthy countries...
  6. ncbi request reprint Are the 21-year-old Baby Doe rules misunderstood or mistaken?
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, 600 Moye Blvd, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    Pediatrics 115:797-802. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Children as research subjects: a dilemma
    L M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27834 4354, USA
    J Med Philos 25:745-64. 2000
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Rejecting the Baby Doe rules and defending a "negative" analysis of the Best Interests Standard
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    J Med Philos 30:331-52. 2005
    ..In these ways, they are inferior to the older Best Interests Standard. A "negative" analysis of the Best Interests Standard is articulated and defended for decision-making for all incompetent individuals...
  9. ncbi request reprint Rembrandt's anatomy lesson as a metaphor for education
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27834, USA
    Curr Surg 60:150-1. 2003
  10. ncbi request reprint Pediatric research regulations under legal scrutiny: Grimes narrows their interpretation
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 30:38-49. 2002
  11. ncbi request reprint The incompatibility of the United Nations' goals and conventionalist ethical relativism
    Loretta M Kopelman
    The Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, 27858 4354, USA
    Dev World Bioeth 5:234-43. 2005
    ..These surgeries are virtually a test case for conventionalist ethical relativism since they are widely supported within these cultures as religious and health practices and widely condemned outside them, including by the United Nations...
  12. ncbi request reprint What is applied about "applied" philosophy?
    L M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, East Carolina School of Medicine, Greenville, NC 27858
    J Med Philos 15:199-218. 1990
    ..Strong and weak versions of each of these foundationalist views are considered but none establish these fields as derivative...
  13. ncbi request reprint Case method and casuistry: the problem of bias
    L M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, NC 27858 4354
    Theor Med 15:21-37. 1994
    ..Problems of bias also arise for other methods of reasoning. In medical science, case reviews are regarded as an unreliable way to form generalizations, and methods such as clinical trials are used to address bias...
  14. ncbi request reprint When can children with conditions be in no-benefit, higher-hazard pediatric studies?
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Department of Medical Humanities, Greenville, NC 27834, USA
    Am J Bioeth 7:15-7. 2007
  15. ncbi request reprint Using the Best Interests Standard to decide whether to test children for untreatable, late-onset genetic diseases
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27834, USA
    J Med Philos 32:375-94. 2007
    ..Support is also given for parents' legal authority to decide what genetic tests to do...
  16. ncbi request reprint Bioethics as a second-order discipline: who is not a bioethicist?
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina 27834, USA
    J Med Philos 31:601-28. 2006
    ..Rather expertise in bioethics is rooted in many professions, disciplines and fields and best understood as a second-order discipline...
  17. ncbi request reprint Children as research subjects: moral disputes, regulatory guidance, and recent court decisions
    Loretta M Kopelman
    The Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    Mt Sinai J Med 73:596-604. 2006
    ..Failure to clarify the meaning of the pediatric regulations has sometimes misled generally risk-averse institutions and dedicated investigators about what is permissible...
  18. ncbi request reprint Using a new analysis of the best interests standard to address cultural disputes: whose data, which values?
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, N C, USA
    Theor Med Bioeth 28:373-91. 2007
    ..Properly understood, the Best Interests Standard can serve as a powerful tool in settling disputes about how to make good decisions for those who cannot decide for themselves...
  19. ncbi request reprint The benefits of a North Carolina policy for determining inappropriate or futile medical care
    Arthur E Kopelman
    Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, USA
    N C Med J 66:392-4. 2005
  20. doi request reprint Disputes over moral standards guiding treatments for imperiled infants
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA
    Semin Perinatol 33:372-6. 2009
    ..For reasons of justice and compassion, the Best Interests Standard is superior to Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act's Baby Doe Rules for guiding decision for infants and others lacking decision-making capacity...
  21. doi request reprint Bioethics as public discourse and second-order discipline
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    J Med Philos 34:261-73. 2009
    ..The goals and relations between bioethics as a second-order discipline and public discourse are explored...
  22. ncbi request reprint The Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Department of Medical Humanities
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University, Department of Medical Humanities, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    Acad Med 78:1066-7. 2003
  23. ncbi request reprint Diversity, trust, and patient care: affirmative action in medical education 25 years after Bakke
    Kenneth DeVille
    Department of Medical Humanitities, The Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858 4354, USA
    J Med Philos 28:489-516. 2003
    ..Similar narrowly-tailored arguments could be used in other professions and for other groups. Bakke is an important background for the pending Grutter case...
  24. ncbi request reprint The well-being of subjects and other parties in genetic research and testing
    Janet Malek
    Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina, NC 27834, USA
    J Med Philos 32:311-9. 2007
  25. ncbi request reprint What conditions justify risky nontherapeutic or "no benefit" pediatric studies: a sliding scale analysis
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine
    J Law Med Ethics 32:749-58. 2004
  26. ncbi request reprint Values and virtues: how should they be taught?
    L M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina 27858 4354, USA
    Acad Med 74:1307-10. 1999
    ..Within limits, diverse approaches to incorporating values in teaching can be a strength...
  27. ncbi request reprint On duties to provide basic health and dental care to children
    L M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    J Med Philos 26:193-209. 2001
    ..This argument has limitations; nonetheless, it can help identify systematic biases against children in federal- or state-supported health care programs and gain children access to better basic health and dental care...
  28. ncbi request reprint The best interests standard for incompetent or incapacitated persons of all ages
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, NC, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 35:187-96. 2007
    ..For reasons of consistency, fairness, and compassion, this standard should be used for all incapacitated persons...
  29. ncbi request reprint What is unique about the doctor and patient medical encounter? A moral and economic perspective
    Loretta M Kopelman
    East Carolina University, USA
    Am J Bioeth 6:85-8. 2006
  30. ncbi request reprint Group benefit and protection of pediatric research subjects: Grimes v. Kennedy Krieger and the Lead Abatement Study
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Department of Medical Humanities, Brody School of Medicine, 600 Moye Blvd, Greenville, NC 27858, USA
    Account Res 9:177-92. 2002
    ..This ruling has implications for pediatric research practices and long-standing disputes among informed people of good will about what pediatric studies should be permitted...
  31. ncbi request reprint Adolescents as doubly-vulnerable research subjects
    Loretta M Kopelman
    Brody School of Medicine
    Am J Bioeth 4:50-2. 2004