Keith Whitfield

Summary

Affiliation: Duke University Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Concordance rates for smoking among African-American twins
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, P O Box 90085 Sociology Psychology Building, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 99:213-7. 2007
  2. doi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on depressive symptoms by age and gender in African American twins
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, USA
    Aging Ment Health 12:221-7. 2008
  3. pmc Parental substance abuse, reports of chronic pain and coping in adult patients with sickle cell disease
    Christopher Edwards
    Department of Psychiatry, Division of Medical Psychology, Duke, Durham, NC, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:420-8. 2006
  4. pmc Concordance rates for cognitive impairment among older African American twins
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    Alzheimers Dement 5:276-9. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Analysis of candidate genes and hypertension in African American adults
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Box 90085, 9 Flowers Dr, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Ethn Dis 19:18-22. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Depression, suicidal ideation, and attempts in black patients with sickle cell disease
    Christopher L Edwards
    Department of Psychiatry, Division of Medical Psychology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 101:1090-5. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Blood pressure and memory in older African Americans
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 22708, USA
    Ethn Dis 18:181-6. 2008
  8. ncbi request reprint Misestimation of peer tobacco use: understanding disparities in tobacco use
    Christopher L Edwards
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 100:299-302. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Does coping mediate the relationship between personality and cardiovascular health in African Americans?
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, P O Box 90085, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 102:95-100. 2010
  10. doi request reprint Factor structure of cognitive ability measures in older African Americans
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, PO Box 90085, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Cross Cult Gerontol 25:271-84. 2010

Research Grants

  1. PATTERNS OF COGNITIVE AGING IN AFRICAN AMERICANS
    Keith Whitfield; Fiscal Year: 2009
  2. PATTERNS OF COGNITIVE AGING IN AFRICAN AMERICANS
    Keith Whitfield; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. PREPARING EMERGING MINORITY SCHOLARS IN AGING
    Keith Whitfield; Fiscal Year: 2002
  4. HEALTH AND PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS IN OLDER BLACK TWINS
    Keith Whitfield; Fiscal Year: 2001

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications34

  1. pmc Concordance rates for smoking among African-American twins
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, P O Box 90085 Sociology Psychology Building, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 99:213-7. 2007
    ..The goal of the current investigation was to examine the proportion of genetic and environmental influences on smoking in a sample of adult African-American twins...
  2. doi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on depressive symptoms by age and gender in African American twins
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, USA
    Aging Ment Health 12:221-7. 2008
    ..The results suggest that, even though African Americans may be at risk for depression due to contextual/environmental factors, genetic influences remain important...
  3. pmc Parental substance abuse, reports of chronic pain and coping in adult patients with sickle cell disease
    Christopher Edwards
    Department of Psychiatry, Division of Medical Psychology, Duke, Durham, NC, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:420-8. 2006
    ....
  4. pmc Concordance rates for cognitive impairment among older African American twins
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    Alzheimers Dement 5:276-9. 2009
    ..There is significant attention to the growing elderly African American population and estimating who and how many within this population will be affected by cognitive impairment...
  5. ncbi request reprint Analysis of candidate genes and hypertension in African American adults
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Box 90085, 9 Flowers Dr, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Ethn Dis 19:18-22. 2009
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Depression, suicidal ideation, and attempts in black patients with sickle cell disease
    Christopher L Edwards
    Department of Psychiatry, Division of Medical Psychology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 101:1090-5. 2009
    ..Standards of clinical care must remain flexible to accommodate the mental health needs of this population of patients...
  7. ncbi request reprint Blood pressure and memory in older African Americans
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 22708, USA
    Ethn Dis 18:181-6. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that blood pressure is a source of individual variability in cognitive aging among African Americans...
  8. ncbi request reprint Misestimation of peer tobacco use: understanding disparities in tobacco use
    Christopher L Edwards
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 100:299-302. 2008
    ..Overestimating was associated with a > 80% increase in the risk of smoking. These data highlight the need to correct misinformation regarding smoking norms among students at some HBCUs...
  9. ncbi request reprint Does coping mediate the relationship between personality and cardiovascular health in African Americans?
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, P O Box 90085, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 102:95-100. 2010
    ..These findings highlight the importance of personality in accounting for cardiovascular health in African Americans...
  10. doi request reprint Factor structure of cognitive ability measures in older African Americans
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, PO Box 90085, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Cross Cult Gerontol 25:271-84. 2010
    ..The importance of highlighting idiosyncrasies in cognitive performance among African Americans is shown using a within group variation approach...
  11. pmc Are comparisons the answer to understanding behavioral aspects of aging in racial and ethnic groups?
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, 9 Flowers Drive, P O Box 90085, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 63:P301-8. 2008
    ..Our goal is to encourage the use of multiple methodological designs in the study of issues related to racial and ethnic minorities by demonstrating some of the advantages of lesser employed approaches...
  12. ncbi request reprint Fear of movement (kinesiophobia), pain, and psychopathology in patients with sickle cell disease
    Jennifer Pells
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Clin J Pain 23:707-13. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess the degree of kinesiophobia reported by African American men and women with SCD and to determine whether kinesiophobia is related to pain and psychologic distress in this population...
  13. doi request reprint Evaluating brief cognitive impairment screening instruments among African Americans
    Jared M Kiddoe
    Department of Psychiatry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA
    Aging Ment Health 12:488-93. 2008
    ..Within the higher educated group, SPMSQ and CI prevalence was 7.7 and 14.5% among the lower educated. Findings are consistent with our hypotheses that the TICS would be a less accurate assessor of CI among AAs...
  14. pmc An examination of dedifferentiation in cognition among African-American older adults
    Regina C Sims
    Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    J Cross Cult Gerontol 24:193-208. 2009
    ....
  15. pmc Reconsideration of the training of psychiatrists and mental health professionals: helping to make soup
    Christopher L Edwards
    Department of Psychiatry, Division of Medical Psychology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:1498-500. 2006
    ..The authors argue that factors such as racial, ethnic and cultural differences must be integrated into research before the literature will begin to change in a fashion that is beneficial to the mental health training process...
  16. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on forced expiratory volume in African Americans: the Carolina African-American Twin Study of Aging
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, 315 E Henderson, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Ethn Dis 14:206-11. 2004
    ..In the present analyses, the relative contribution of genetic and environmental influences to variability in average peak expiratory flow rate (APEFR) are examined in a sample of adult African-American twins...
  17. ncbi request reprint Does intact pair status matter in the study of African American twins? The Carolina African American Twin Study of Aging
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Exp Aging Res 29:407-23. 2003
    ..It appears that using only pairs in research on older African American twins may represent a selection bias in estimating origins of individual variability in cognitive functioning and health but not psychological well-being...
  18. pmc Characterizing and explaining differences in cognitive test performance between african american and European American older adults
    ADRIENNE AIKEN MORGAN
    Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, University of Florida, Gainsville, Florida 32610 0165, USA
    Exp Aging Res 34:80-100. 2008
    ..Nonetheless, some differences persisted, suggesting that other potential mediators of race differences remain to be explored in future research...
  19. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on blood pressure and pulse pressure among adult African Americans
    Dwayne T Brandon
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Ethn Dis 13:193-9. 2003
    ..The purpose of the present study was to identify sources of variability for systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and pulse pressure (PP) in a sample of adult African-American twins...
  20. ncbi request reprint Examining the association between lung functioning and cognitive performance in African American adults
    Jason C Allaire
    North Carolina State University, USA
    J Aging Health 19:106-22. 2007
    ..Biobehavioral assessments such as the one presented here appear to provide important new insights into the sources of individual differences in cognition observed in this understudied population...
  21. pmc Sources of variability in John Henryism
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:641-7. 2006
    ..To decompose sources of individual differences in coping as measured by John Henryism among African Americans...
  22. ncbi request reprint Sociocultural influences in genetic designs of aging: unexplored perspectives
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Exp Aging Res 28:391-405. 2002
    ..There are three themes to draw from the issues discussed in this paper: (1) avoiding genetic reductionism, (2) interpreting differential heritabilities, and (3) modeling cultural influences...
  23. ncbi request reprint How blood pressure affects the aging mind
    Keith E Whitfield
    Ethn Dis 18:238-9. 2008
  24. ncbi request reprint The influence of social support and health on everyday problem solving in adult African Americans
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA
    Exp Aging Res 29:1-13. 2003
    ..The results indicate that there may be differences in the cognitive abilities of those actively involved in social activities...
  25. ncbi request reprint Challenges in cognitive assessment of African Americans in research on Alzheimer disease
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Biobehaviral Health, The Pennylvania State University, State College, Pensylvania 16803, USA
    Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 16:S80-1. 2002
  26. pmc Genetics and health disparities: fears and realities
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 95:539-43. 2003
    ..Approaches and theoretical perspectives on the integration of social science and genetic findings are discussed...
  27. ncbi request reprint Optimizing DNA yield from buccal swabs in the elderly: attempts to promote buccal cell growth in culture
    David J Vandenbergh
    Center for Developmental and Health Genetics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 15:637-42. 2003
    ..Thus, an inexpensive and efficient method exists for genetic studies of population-based samples...
  28. pmc Studying biobehavioral aspects of health disparities among older adult minorities
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    J Urban Health 82:iii103-10. 2005
    ..These include issues such as recruitment, conceptualization, and methodology. Some potential areas for future research are offered...
  29. ncbi request reprint Spontaneous production and use of mnemonic strategies in older adults
    Jane S Saczynski
    Laboratory of Epidemiology, Demography, and Biometry, National Institute on Aging, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA
    Exp Aging Res 33:273-94. 2007
    ..Findings highlight the importance of measuring both self-generated and endorsed strategies and confirm previous work on the relationship between strategy use and memory performance...
  30. pmc Modified-Symbol Digit Modalities Test for African Americans, Caribbean Black Americans, and non-Latino Whites: nationally representative normative data from the National Survey of American Life
    Hector M Gonzalez
    Institute of Gerontology and the School of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Wayne State University, 87 East Ferry Street, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:605-13. 2007
    ..Unlike previous work, this study supports the consideration of Black ethnicity when evaluating Black neuropsychological test performance...
  31. ncbi request reprint Relationships among health factors and everyday problem solving in african americans
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16803, USA
    Health Psychol 23:641-4. 2004
    ..The results indicate that health indices contribute to the variability in everyday cognition in this understudied population...
  32. pmc Physical functioning in older blacks: an exploratory study identifying psychosocial and clinical predictors
    Tamara A Baker
    School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:1114-20. 2006
    ....
  33. ncbi request reprint Genes, environment, and race: quantitative genetic approaches
    Keith E Whitfield
    Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
    Am Psychol 60:104-14. 2005
    ..The intent is to outline the conceptual limitations of exclusivist views of either environmental or genetic determination and to emphasize the coaction and interaction of genes and environments in health...
  34. ncbi request reprint Genetic and environmental influences on body-fat measures among African-American twins
    Tracy L Nelson
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA
    Obes Res 10:733-9. 2002
    ..To investigate the genetic and environmental influences on body-fat measures including waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and body mass index (BMI) among African-American men and women...

Research Grants13

  1. PATTERNS OF COGNITIVE AGING IN AFRICAN AMERICANS
    Keith Whitfield; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. PATTERNS OF COGNITIVE AGING IN AFRICAN AMERICANS
    Keith Whitfield; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. PREPARING EMERGING MINORITY SCHOLARS IN AGING
    Keith Whitfield; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ....
  4. HEALTH AND PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS IN OLDER BLACK TWINS
    Keith Whitfield; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ....