Melissa H Watt

Summary

Affiliation: Duke University Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Alcohol Use During Pregnancy in a South African Community: Reconciling Knowledge, Norms, and Personal Experience
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    Matern Child Health J 20:48-55. 2016
  2. ncbi request reprint The mental health experiences and needs of methamphetamine users in Cape Town: A mixed methods study
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke University Duke Global Health Institute
    S Afr Med J 105:685-8. 2015
  3. pmc Development of an intervention to improve mental health for obstetric fistula patients in Tanzania
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC, USA Electronic address
    Eval Program Plann 50:1-9. 2015
  4. pmc Experiences of forced sex among female patrons of alcohol-serving venues in a South African township
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    J Interpers Violence 30:1533-52. 2015
  5. pmc "It's better for me to drink, at least the stress is going away": perspectives on alcohol use during pregnancy among South African women attending drinking establishments
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC 27708, USA Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 116:119-25. 2014
  6. pmc The impact of methamphetamine ("tik") on a peri-urban community in Cape Town, South Africa
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Box 90519, Durham, NC 27708, USA Electronic address
    Int J Drug Policy 25:219-25. 2014
  7. pmc Alcohol-serving venues in South Africa as sites of risk and potential protection for violence against women
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 47:1271-80. 2012
  8. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms mediate the relationship between traumatic experiences and drinking behavior among women attending alcohol-serving venues in a South African township
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 73:549-58. 2012
  9. pmc "Because he has bought for her, he wants to sleep with her": alcohol as a currency for sexual exchange in South African drinking venues
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, 235 Trent Hall, Trent Drive, Box 90519, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Soc Sci Med 74:1005-12. 2012
  10. pmc Factors associated with self-reported adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a Tanzanian setting
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    AIDS Care 22:381-9. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications33

  1. doi request reprint Alcohol Use During Pregnancy in a South African Community: Reconciling Knowledge, Norms, and Personal Experience
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    Matern Child Health J 20:48-55. 2016
    ..The aim of this study was to qualitatively explore knowledge and attitudes about maternal alcohol consumption among women who reported alcohol use during pregnancy...
  2. ncbi request reprint The mental health experiences and needs of methamphetamine users in Cape Town: A mixed methods study
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke University Duke Global Health Institute
    S Afr Med J 105:685-8. 2015
    ..Although methamphetamine has been associated with elevated psychological distress, there has been little examination of the mental health needs of out-of-treatment methamphetamine users in South Africa...
  3. pmc Development of an intervention to improve mental health for obstetric fistula patients in Tanzania
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC, USA Electronic address
    Eval Program Plann 50:1-9. 2015
    ..A future randomized control trial will evaluate the efficacy of this intervention to address the mental health symptoms of this population. ..
  4. pmc Experiences of forced sex among female patrons of alcohol-serving venues in a South African township
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    J Interpers Violence 30:1533-52. 2015
    ..Efforts to prevent forced sex should target alcohol-serving venues, where norms and behaviors may present particular risks for women who frequent these settings. ..
  5. pmc "It's better for me to drink, at least the stress is going away": perspectives on alcohol use during pregnancy among South African women attending drinking establishments
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, NC 27708, USA Electronic address
    Soc Sci Med 116:119-25. 2014
    ..Our findings suggest that innovative interventions that go beyond the boundaries of the health care system are urgently needed to address FASD in this region. ..
  6. pmc The impact of methamphetamine ("tik") on a peri-urban community in Cape Town, South Africa
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Box 90519, Durham, NC 27708, USA Electronic address
    Int J Drug Policy 25:219-25. 2014
    ..Our study explored local impressions of the impact of tik use in a peri-urban township community in Cape Town, South Africa...
  7. pmc Alcohol-serving venues in South Africa as sites of risk and potential protection for violence against women
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 47:1271-80. 2012
    ..Concurrently, venues offered potential to avoid VAW through perceived safety and owner protection. Results highlight the influence of the venue environment and importance of addressing the setting of alcohol consumption...
  8. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms mediate the relationship between traumatic experiences and drinking behavior among women attending alcohol-serving venues in a South African township
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 73:549-58. 2012
    ..This article examines the relationship between traumatic events and hazardous drinking among women who patronized alcohol-serving venues in South Africa and examines PTSD as a mediator of this relationship...
  9. pmc "Because he has bought for her, he wants to sleep with her": alcohol as a currency for sexual exchange in South African drinking venues
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, 235 Trent Hall, Trent Drive, Box 90519, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Soc Sci Med 74:1005-12. 2012
    ..Interventions are needed to address sexual risk behaviors and substance use within this context to prevent new HIV infections...
  10. pmc Factors associated with self-reported adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a Tanzanian setting
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    AIDS Care 22:381-9. 2010
    ....
  11. pmc Acceptability of a group intervention for initiates of antiretroviral therapy in Tanzania
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    Glob Public Health 6:433-46. 2011
    ..The group intervention showed the potential to reduce stigma, increase social support and improve adherence to therapy...
  12. pmc "It's all the time in my mind": facilitators of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a Tanzanian setting
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, 235 Trent Hall, Trent Drive, Box 90519, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Soc Sci Med 68:1793-800. 2009
    ..The facilitating factors identified were consistent with the constructs of social cognitive theory and highlighted the importance of interventions that address multiple levels of influence on adherence...
  13. pmc Missed opportunities for religious organizations to support people living with HIV/AIDS: findings from Tanzania
    Melissa H Watt
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:389-94. 2009
    ....
  14. pmc Methamphetamine use is associated with childhood sexual abuse and HIV sexual risk behaviors among patrons of alcohol-serving venues in Cape Town, South Africa
    Christina S Meade
    Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 126:232-9. 2012
    ..This study describes the prevalence of meth use and its relation to HIV sexual risk behaviors among patrons of alcohol-serving venues...
  15. pmc Mental health and HIV sexual risk behavior among patrons of alcohol serving venues in Cape Town, South Africa
    Kathleen J Sikkema
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 57:230-7. 2011
    ..Understanding the association between mental health and risk behaviors in these settings may inform interventions that address alcohol use and HIV prevention...
  16. pmc Risk patterns preceding diagnosis among newly HIV-diagnosed men who have sex with men in New York City
    Anya S Drabkin
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 27:333-41. 2013
    ..Recent testing was associated with being employed/a student, having had UAI, and higher CD4 count. Implications for future research addressing perceived HIV risk, HIV testing utilization, and risk behavior are discussed...
  17. pmc Positive choices: outcomes of a brief risk reduction intervention for newly HIV-diagnosed men who have sex with men
    Kathleen J Sikkema
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, 417 Chapel Drive, Box 90086, Durham, NC, 27708 0086, USA
    AIDS Behav 18:1808-19. 2014
    ..The findings from this trial suggest that brief risk reduction approaches for newly-diagnosed MSM integrated into HIV care can benefit secondary HIV prevention efforts. ..
  18. pmc HIV testing behaviors and attitudes among community recruited methamphetamine users in a South African township
    Christina S Meade
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 27708, USA
    AIDS Behav 19:186-91. 2015
    ..Among participants who reported HIV infection (8 %), less than half were linked to care. Findings highlight the need to identify barriers to HIV service uptake for methamphetamine users...
  19. doi request reprint HIV/AIDS-related stigma in South African alcohol-serving venues and its potential impact on HIV disclosure, testing and treatment-seeking behaviours
    Jennifer Velloza
    a Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    Glob Public Health 10:1092-106. 2015
    ....
  20. doi request reprint Addiction and treatment experiences among active methamphetamine users recruited from a township community in Cape Town, South Africa: A mixed-methods study
    Christina S Meade
    Duke University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Duke Global Health Institute, Box 90519, Durham, NC 27708, USA Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 152:79-86. 2015
    ..This mixed-methods study describes the substance use histories, addiction symptoms, and treatment experiences of a community-recruited sample of methamphetamine users in Cape Town...
  21. pmc Drinking before and after pregnancy recognition among South African women: the moderating role of traumatic experiences
    Karmel W Choi
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Box 90086, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14:97. 2014
    ....
  22. pmc Integrating HIV prevention into services for abused women in South Africa
    Kathleen J Sikkema
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Box 90086, Durham, NC 27708 0086, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:431-9. 2010
    ..The study demonstrated the feasibility and potential benefit of providing HIV prevention intervention to women seeking assistance for IPV...
  23. pmc Mental health treatment to reduce HIV transmission risk behavior: a positive prevention model
    Kathleen J Sikkema
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Box 90086, Durham, NC 27708 0086, USA
    AIDS Behav 14:252-62. 2010
    ..We present a conceptual model and recommendations to guide future research on the effect of mental health treatment on HIV transmission risk behavior among PLWHA...
  24. pmc Respondent driven sampling is an effective method for engaging methamphetamine users in HIV prevention research in South Africa
    Stephen M Kimani
    Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, Box 90519, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 143:134-40. 2014
    ..This study examined the effectiveness of RDS as a method for engaging methamphetamine users in a Cape Town township into HIV behavioral research...
  25. doi request reprint Depression and HIV Serostatus Disclosure to Sexual Partners Among Newly HIV-Diagnosed Men Who Have Sex with Men
    Laurie Abler
    1 Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 29:550-8. 2015
    ..These findings highlight the importance of addressing depression that follows diagnosis to enhance subsequent disclosure to sexual partners...
  26. pmc Traumatic stress and the mediating role of alcohol use on HIV-related sexual risk behavior: results from a longitudinal cohort of South African women who attend alcohol-serving venues
    Laurie Abler
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC Division of Global Public Health, Department of Medicine, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT and Unit for Research on Health and Society, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68:322-8. 2015
    ....
  27. pmc Providers' attitudes towards treating depression and self-reported depression treatment practices in HIV outpatient care
    Kiana D Bess
    Center for Health Policy and Inequalities Research, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 27:171-80. 2013
    ..Opportunities to increase HIV clinicians' comfort and confidence in treating depression, including receiving treatment support from clinic staff, are discussed...
  28. doi request reprint Psychological Symptoms Among Obstetric Fistula Patients Compared to Gynecology Outpatients in Tanzania
    Sarah M Wilson
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Box 90086, Durham, NC, 27708, USA
    Int J Behav Med 22:605-13. 2015
    ..Research has documented the social and psychological sequelae of obstetric fistula, including mental health dysfunction and social isolation...
  29. doi request reprint Maladaptive coping mediates the influence of childhood trauma on depression and PTSD among pregnant women in South Africa
    Karmel W Choi
    Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Box 90086, Durham, NC, 27708, USA
    Arch Womens Ment Health 18:731-8. 2015
    ..Findings highlight the need for coping-based interventions to prevent and treat antenatal mental disorders among women with childhood trauma, particularly in high-trauma settings such as South Africa. ..
  30. pmc Religious coping among women with obstetric fistula in Tanzania
    Melissa H Watt
    a Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
    Glob Public Health 9:516-27. 2014
    ..Religious leaders should be engaged to recognise signs of depression and provide appropriate pastoral/spiritual counselling and general psychosocial support for this population...
  31. doi request reprint Mental Health and Substance Use Among Patients in a North Carolina HIV Clinic
    Linda M Skalski
    Doctoral Student, Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina
    N C Med J 76:148-55. 2015
    ....
  32. pmc Mediators of interpersonal violence and drug addiction severity among methamphetamine users in Cape Town, South Africa
    Andréa L Hobkirk
    Duke University, Duke Global Health Institute, 310 Trent Drive, Trent Hall, Room 329, Durham, NC, 27708, USA Electronic address
    Addict Behav 42:167-71. 2015
    ..The findings point to the need for integrated treatments that address drug use and PTSD for methamphetamine users in South Africa and highlight the importance of coping interventions for women. ..
  33. doi request reprint Providing support to IPV victims in the emergency department: vignette-based interviews with IPV survivors and emergency department nurses
    Melissa H Watt
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Violence Against Women 14:715-26. 2008
    ..IPV victims desire appropriate, respectful responses by nurses, suitable to their stage of readiness. Nurses need more insight into women's decisions to disclose and leave a relationship and skills to provide emotional support...