John A Crump

Summary

Affiliation: Duke University Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Estimating leptospirosis incidence using hospital-based surveillance and a population-based health care utilization survey in Tanzania
    Holly M Biggs
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2589. 2013
  2. pmc Etiology of severe non-malaria febrile illness in Northern Tanzania: a prospective cohort study
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2324. 2013
  3. pmc Invasive bacterial and fungal infections among hospitalized HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children and infants in northern Tanzania
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 16:830-7. 2011
  4. pmc Bacteremic disseminated tuberculosis in sub-saharan Africa: a prospective cohort study
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 55:242-50. 2012
  5. pmc Controlled comparison of BacT/Alert MB system, manual Myco/F lytic procedure, and isolator 10 system for diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Bacteremia
    John A Crump
    Box 102359, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 49:3054-7. 2011
  6. pmc Performance of nucleic acid amplification following extraction of 5 milliliters of whole blood for diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteremia
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicinea and Department of Pathology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 50:138-41. 2012
  7. pmc Invasive bacterial and fungal infections among hospitalized HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected adults and adolescents in northern Tanzania
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department ofMedicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 102359, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 52:341-8. 2011
  8. pmc Total lymphocyte count and World Health Organization pediatric clinical stage as markers to assess need to initiate antiretroviral therapy among human immunodeficiency virus-infected children in Moshi, Northern Tanzania
    Opemipo O Johnson
    Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:493-7. 2009
  9. pmc Characteristics of HIV voluntary counseling and testing clients before and during care and treatment scale-up in Moshi, Tanzania
    Meghan M Shorter
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 52:648-54. 2009
  10. pmc Prevalence of mycobacteremia among HIV-infected infants and children in northern Tanzania
    Katherine D Gray
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:754-6. 2013

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. pmc Estimating leptospirosis incidence using hospital-based surveillance and a population-based health care utilization survey in Tanzania
    Holly M Biggs
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2589. 2013
    ..In this study, we estimate the incidence of leptospirosis in two districts in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania...
  2. pmc Etiology of severe non-malaria febrile illness in Northern Tanzania: a prospective cohort study
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 7:e2324. 2013
    ..In many areas, malaria is over-diagnosed, and patients without malaria have poor outcomes...
  3. pmc Invasive bacterial and fungal infections among hospitalized HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children and infants in northern Tanzania
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 16:830-7. 2011
    ..To describe the contribution of paediatric HIV and of HIV co-infections to admissions to a hospital in Moshi, Tanzania, using contemporary laboratory methods...
  4. pmc Bacteremic disseminated tuberculosis in sub-saharan Africa: a prospective cohort study
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 55:242-50. 2012
    ....
  5. pmc Controlled comparison of BacT/Alert MB system, manual Myco/F lytic procedure, and isolator 10 system for diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Bacteremia
    John A Crump
    Box 102359, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 49:3054-7. 2011
    ..4920). M. tuberculosis bacteremia was detected more rapidly in a continuously monitored liquid blood culture system, but the mean time to positivity exceeded 3 weeks...
  6. pmc Performance of nucleic acid amplification following extraction of 5 milliliters of whole blood for diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteremia
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicinea and Department of Pathology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 50:138-41. 2012
    ..Of 25 samples from patients with M. tuberculosis bacteremia, 9 (36.0%) were positive and 1 (1.5%) of 66 control samples was positive by NAAT. The NAAT shows promise, but modifications should focus on improving sensitivity...
  7. pmc Invasive bacterial and fungal infections among hospitalized HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected adults and adolescents in northern Tanzania
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department ofMedicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 102359, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 52:341-8. 2011
    ..few studies describe patterns of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infections in African hospitals in the antiretroviral therapy (ART) era...
  8. pmc Total lymphocyte count and World Health Organization pediatric clinical stage as markers to assess need to initiate antiretroviral therapy among human immunodeficiency virus-infected children in Moshi, Northern Tanzania
    Opemipo O Johnson
    Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 28:493-7. 2009
    ....
  9. pmc Characteristics of HIV voluntary counseling and testing clients before and during care and treatment scale-up in Moshi, Tanzania
    Meghan M Shorter
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 52:648-54. 2009
    ..We evaluated changes in characteristics of clients presenting for voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) before and during care and treatment center (CTC) scale-up activities in Moshi, Tanzania, between November 2003 and December 2007...
  10. pmc Prevalence of mycobacteremia among HIV-infected infants and children in northern Tanzania
    Katherine D Gray
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 32:754-6. 2013
    ..We found no cases of mycobacteremia among 93 ill, HIV-infected children in northern Tanzania, despite optimization of laboratory methods and selection of patients thought to be at highest risk for disseminated infection. ..
  11. doi request reprint Predicting virologic failure among HIV-1-infected children receiving antiretroviral therapy in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study
    Susan D Emmett
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 54:368-75. 2010
    ....
  12. pmc Brucellosis among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania
    Andrew J Bouley
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 87:1105-11. 2012
    ..Brucellosis is an underdiagnosed and untreated cause of febrile disease among hospitalized adult and pediatric patients in northern Tanzania...
  13. pmc Changes in HIV risk behavior and seroincidence among clients presenting for repeat HIV counseling and testing in Moshi, Tanzania
    Suzanne P Fiorillo
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, United States
    AIDS Care 24:1264-71. 2012
    ..Promoting behavior change through HCT should continue to be a focus of HIV prevention efforts in sub-Saharan Africa...
  14. pmc Histoplasmosis among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania
    Sarah M Lofgren
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Box 102359, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 106:504-7. 2012
    ..Histoplasmosis is an important cause of febrile illness in Tanzania but is rarely considered in the differential diagnosis. Increased clinician awareness and availability of reliable diagnostic tests may improve patient outcomes...
  15. pmc Predicting mortality for paediatric inpatients where malaria is uncommon
    Dana C Clifton
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Arch Dis Child 97:889-94. 2012
    ..As the proportion of children living low malaria transmission areas in sub-Saharan Africa increases, approaches for identifying non-malarial severe illness need to be evaluated to improve child outcomes...
  16. ncbi request reprint Antiretroviral treatment literacy among HIV voluntary counseling and testing clients in Moshi, Tanzania, 2003 to 2005
    Keren Z Landman
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic) 6:24-6. 2007
    ..Previous HIV testing was protective against low antiretroviral treatment literacy. These results support refocusing HIV education efforts and increasing synergy between HIV prevention and treatment programs...
  17. pmc Effect of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis on antimicrobial resistance of fecal Escherichia coli in HIV-infected patients in Tanzania
    Susan C Morpeth
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:585-91. 2008
    ..Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (SXT) reduces morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected persons in Africa, but its impact on antimicrobial resistance is of concern...
  18. pmc Gender differences in the risk of HIV infection among persons reporting abstinence, monogamy, and multiple sexual partners in northern Tanzania
    Keren Z Landman
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    PLoS ONE 3:e3075. 2008
    ..We examined the association between the number of sexual partners and the risk of HIV seropositivity among men and women presenting for HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) in northern Tanzania...
  19. pmc Invasive disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria, Tanzania
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 15:53-5. 2009
    ..avium complex sequevar MAC-D. Invasive NTM disease is present in HIV-infected patients in sub-Saharan Africa...
  20. pmc Two distinct broadly neutralizing antibody specificities of different clonal lineages in a single HIV-1-infected donor: implications for vaccine design
    Mattia Bonsignori
    Duke Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Virol 86:4688-92. 2012
    ..These data provide proof of concept for an HIV-1 vaccine that aims to elicit bnAbs of multiple specificities...
  21. pmc Leptospirosis among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania
    Holly M Biggs
    Department of Medicine and Department of Pathology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:275-81. 2011
    ..001). Among those with confirmed leptospirosis, the predominant reactive serogroups were Mini and Australis. Leptospirosis is a major yet underdiagnosed cause of febrile illness in northern Tanzania, where it appears to be endemic...
  22. pmc Chikungunya and dengue fever among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania
    Julian T Hertz
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 86:171-7. 2012
    ..5, P = 0.007). CHIKV infection is an important but unrecognized cause of febrile illness in northern Tanzania. DENV or other closely related flaviviruses are likely also circulating...
  23. pmc Validation, performance under field conditions, and cost-effectiveness of Capillus HIV-1/HIV-2 and determine HIV-1/2 rapid human immunodeficiency virus antibody assays using sequential and parallel testing algorithms in Tanzania
    Meghan K Mayhood
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 46:3946-51. 2008
    ..64 per HIV diagnosis but missed 0.4% of HIV infections. A parallel testing algorithm cost $13.46 per HIV diagnosis but detected more HIV-infected clients...
  24. pmc Who tests, who doesn't, and why? Uptake of mobile HIV counseling and testing in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania
    Jan Ostermann
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e16488. 2011
    ..We assessed barriers to testing and HIV risk among clients participating in mobile voluntary counseling and testing (MVCT) campaigns in four rural villages in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania...
  25. pmc Q fever, spotted fever group, and typhus group rickettsioses among hospitalized febrile patients in northern Tanzania
    Malavika Prabhu
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Duke University Medical Center, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 53:e8-15. 2011
    ....
  26. pmc Utility of rapid antibody tests to exclude HIV-1 infection among infants and children aged <18 months in a low-resource setting
    Ann M Buchanan
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    J Clin Virol 55:244-9. 2012
    ..Excluding HIV infection among infants and young children in resource-poor settings where nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) are not routinely available remains a considerable challenge...
  27. doi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of standard versus intensified tuberculosis diagnostics on treatment decisions by physicians in Northern Tanzania
    Elizabeth A Reddy
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 14:89. 2014
    ..This study sought to determine the impact of providing mycobacterial culture results over standard of care [unconcentrated acid-fast (AFB) smears] on management of persons with suspected tuberculosis...
  28. ncbi request reprint Predicting CD4 lymphocyte count <200 cells/mm(3) in an HIV type 1-infected African population
    Susan C Morpeth
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, 27710, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 23:1230-6. 2007
    ....
  29. pmc Prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence among women attending HIV voluntary counseling and testing in northern Tanzania, 2005-2008
    Malavika Prabhu
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 113:63-7. 2011
    ..To investigate the prevalence and correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) among women at an HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) center in northern Tanzania...
  30. pmc A cost-effectiveness analysis of alternative HIV retesting strategies in sub-saharan Africa
    Richard C Waters
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC 27701, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:443-52. 2011
    ..Guidelines in sub-Saharan Africa on when HIV-seronegative persons should retest range from never to annually for lower-risk populations and from annually to every 3 months for high-risk populations...
  31. pmc Evaluation of the Abbott m2000rt RealTime HIV-1 assay with manual sample preparation compared with the ROCHE COBAS AmpliPrep/AMPLICOR HIV-1 MONITOR v1.5 using specimens from East Africa
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 102359, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Virol Methods 162:218-22. 2009
    ..5 assay and that the RealTime HIV-1 assay performs well on samples from East Africa...
  32. doi request reprint Comparing actual and perceived causes of fever among community members in a low malaria transmission setting in northern Tanzania
    Julian T Hertz
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 18:1406-15. 2013
    ..To compare actual and perceived causes of fever in northern Tanzania...
  33. doi request reprint Invasive Salmonella infections in areas of high and low malaria transmission intensity in Tanzania
    Holly M Biggs
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina
    Clin Infect Dis 58:638-47. 2014
    ..The epidemiology of Salmonella Typhi and invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella (NTS) differs, and prevalence of these pathogens among children in sub-Saharan Africa may vary in relation to malaria transmission intensity...
  34. ncbi request reprint Two decades of disseminated tuberculosis at a university medical center: the expanding role of mycobacterial blood culture
    John A Crump
    Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 37:1037-43. 2003
    ..Mycobacterial blood culture can play an increasing role in the diagnosis of disseminated tuberculosis when localized disease is not found...
  35. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology of Coxiella burnetii Infection in Africa: a OneHealth systematic review
    Sky Vanderburg
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8:e2787. 2014
    ..We conducted a systematic review of C. burnetii epidemiology in Africa from a "One Health" perspective to synthesize the published data and identify knowledge gaps...
  36. doi request reprint Evaluation of in-hospital management for febrile illness in Northern Tanzania before and after 2010 World Health Organization Guidelines for the treatment of malaria
    Andrew M Moon
    Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e89814. 2014
    ..This study aimed to assess differences in historic (2007-2008) (cohort 1) and recent (2011-2012) (cohort 2) hospital cohorts in the diagnosis and treatment of febrile illness in a low malaria prevalence area of northern Tanzania...
  37. pmc Community-acquired bloodstream infections in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Elizabeth A Reddy
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 10:417-32. 2010
    ..Improved clinical microbiology services and reassessment of empirical treatment guidelines that account for the epidemiology of bloodstream infections might contribute to better outcomes...
  38. ncbi request reprint Capacity of health-care facilities to deliver HIV treatment and care services, Northern Tanzania, 2004
    Keren Z Landman
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3867, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 17:459-62. 2006
    ..Laboratory facilities for ART monitoring were inadequate, and outpatient ART was limited...
  39. pmc Leptospirosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection among febrile inpatients in northern Tanzania
    Holly M Biggs
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 13:572-80. 2013
    ..Leptospirosis and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are prevalent in many areas, including northern Tanzania, yet little is known about their interaction...
  40. pmc Lopinavir/ritonavir monotherapy after virologic failure of first-line antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings
    John A Bartlett
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    AIDS 26:1345-54. 2012
    ..To evaluate virologic response rates of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) monotherapy as second-line antiretroviral treatment (ART) among adults in resource-limited settings (RLSs)...
  41. pmc Evaluation of a dried blood spot HIV-1 RNA program for early infant diagnosis and viral load monitoring at rural and remote healthcare facilities
    Sarah M Lofgren
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    AIDS 23:2459-66. 2009
    ..To assess technical and operational performance of a dried blood spot (DBS)-based HIV-1 RNA service for remote healthcare facilities in a low-income country...
  42. pmc Ethical considerations for short-term experiences by trainees in global health
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3867, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    JAMA 300:1456-8. 2008
  43. pmc Ethics and best practice guidelines for training experiences in global health
    John A Crump
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 83:1178-82. 2010
    ..The Working Group on Ethics Guidelines for Global Health Training encourages efforts to develop and implement a means of assessing the potential benefits and harms of global health training programs...
  44. pmc Development, implementation, and impact of acceptability criteria for serologic tests for infectious diseases
    John A Crump
    Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, Duke University Medical Center, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 42:881-3. 2004
    ..001). We recommend that acceptability criteria be developed and applied to samples submitted to clinical microbiology laboratories for serologic testing...
  45. pmc Establishment of haematological and immunological reference values for healthy Tanzanian children in Kilimanjaro Region
    Ann M Buchanan
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 15:1011-21. 2010
    ..To determine the normal haematological and immunological reference intervals for healthy Tanzanian children...
  46. pmc Invasive non-Typhi Salmonella disease in Africa
    Susan C Morpeth
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 49:606-11. 2009
    ..Much work remains to be done to understand and control invasive non-Typhi Salmonella disease in sub-Saharan Africa...
  47. pmc Brucellosis in low-income and middle-income countries
    Matthew P Rubach
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 26:404-12. 2013
    ..This review describes new information regarding the epidemiology of brucellosis in the developing world and advances in diagnosis and treatment...
  48. pmc Initial HIV-1 antigen-specific CD8+ T cells in acute HIV-1 infection inhibit transmitted/founder virus replication
    Stephanie A Freel
    Department of Surgery, Duke University Human Vaccine Institute, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Virol 86:6835-46. 2012
    ....
  49. pmc Controlled comparison of BACTEC 13A, MYCO/F LYTIC, BacT/ALERT MB, and ISOLATOR 10 systems for detection of mycobacteremia
    John A Crump
    Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, Duke University Medical Center and Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:1987-90. 2003
    ....
  50. pmc Polyclonal B cell responses to conserved neutralization epitopes in a subset of HIV-1-infected individuals
    Georgia D Tomaras
    Duke Human Vaccine Institute and Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Box 2926, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Virol 85:11502-19. 2011
    ..The broadly reactive HIV-1 neutralization observed in some subjects is mediated by antibodies targeting several conserved regions on the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein...
  51. pmc Analysis of a clonal lineage of HIV-1 envelope V2/V3 conformational epitope-specific broadly neutralizing antibodies and their inferred unmutated common ancestors
    Mattia Bonsignori
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Virol 85:9998-10009. 2011
    ..Thus, E.A244, B.9021, and AE.CM243 Envs are three potential immunogen candidates for studies aimed at defining strategies to induce V2/V3 conformational epitope-specific antibodies...
  52. pmc Cost-effectiveness of free HIV voluntary counseling and testing through a community-based AIDS service organization in Northern Tanzania
    Nathan M Thielman
    Division of Infectious Diseases and International Health, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3867, Durham, NC 27701, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:114-9. 2006
    ..We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of fee-based and free testing strategies at an HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) program integrated into a community-based AIDS service organization in Moshi, Tanzania...