Kathryn M Connor

Summary

Affiliation: Duke University Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Recent advances in the understanding and treatment of anxiety disorders. Resilience: determinants, measurement, and treatment responsiveness
    Kathryn M Connor
    Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    CNS Spectr 11:5-12. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Psychometric properties of the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). New self-rating scale
    K M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 176:379-86. 2000
  3. ncbi request reprint Kava in generalized anxiety disorder: three placebo-controlled trials
    Kathryn M Connor
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 21:249-53. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Perceived stress in anxiety disorders and the general population: a study of the Sheehan stress vulnerability scale
    Kathryn M Connor
    Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Psychiatry Res 151:249-54. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint A placebo-controlled study of Kava kava in generalized anxiety disorder
    K M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 17:185-8. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC)
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Depress Anxiety 18:76-82. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Spirituality, resilience, and anger in survivors of violent trauma: a community survey
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Trauma Stress 16:487-94. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint The use of aripiprazole in obsessive-compulsive disorder: preliminary observations in 8 patients
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 66:49-51. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Mini-SPIN: A brief screening assessment for generalized social anxiety disorder
    K M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Depress Anxiety 14:137-40. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint SPRINT: a brief global assessment of post-traumatic stress disorder
    K M Connor
    Duke University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 16:279-84. 2001

Research Grants

  1. Botanical Treatments in Social Anxiety Disorder
    Kathryn Connor; Fiscal Year: 2005

Detail Information

Publications47

  1. ncbi request reprint Recent advances in the understanding and treatment of anxiety disorders. Resilience: determinants, measurement, and treatment responsiveness
    Kathryn M Connor
    Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    CNS Spectr 11:5-12. 2006
    ..Resilience is modifiable on individual and cultural levels. Posttraumatic stress disorder is an example of a serious disorder associated with impaired stress coping that can improve with treatment...
  2. ncbi request reprint Psychometric properties of the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). New self-rating scale
    K M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 176:379-86. 2000
    ..Of available self-rated social phobia scales, none assesses the spectrum of fear, avoidance, and physiological symptoms, all of which are clinically important. Because of this limitation, we developed the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN)...
  3. ncbi request reprint Kava in generalized anxiety disorder: three placebo-controlled trials
    Kathryn M Connor
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 21:249-53. 2006
    ..No evidence of hepatotoxicity was found with kava, and all of the treatments were well tolerated. Findings from these three controlled trials do not support the use of kava in DSM-IV generalized anxiety disorder...
  4. ncbi request reprint Perceived stress in anxiety disorders and the general population: a study of the Sheehan stress vulnerability scale
    Kathryn M Connor
    Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Psychiatry Res 151:249-54. 2007
    ..Perceptions of vulnerability to the effects of daily stress are considerably greater in anxiety disorders compared to the general population and also differ within the anxiety disorders...
  5. ncbi request reprint A placebo-controlled study of Kava kava in generalized anxiety disorder
    K M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 17:185-8. 2002
    ..Both treatments were well tolerated. Although kava was not superior to placebo, it would be premature to rule it out as efficacious in GAD...
  6. ncbi request reprint Development of a new resilience scale: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC)
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Depress Anxiety 18:76-82. 2003
    ..The scale demonstrates that resilience is modifiable and can improve with treatment, with greater improvement corresponding to higher levels of global improvement...
  7. ncbi request reprint Spirituality, resilience, and anger in survivors of violent trauma: a community survey
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Trauma Stress 16:487-94. 2003
    ..Forgiveness, hatred, and beliefs in reincarnation were not associated with outcome. The importance of these findings to treating trauma survivors is discussed...
  8. ncbi request reprint The use of aripiprazole in obsessive-compulsive disorder: preliminary observations in 8 patients
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 66:49-51. 2005
    ..To assess the effectiveness of aripiprazole, an atypical antipsychotic with dopamine- and serotonin-stabilizing properties, as monotherapy in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)...
  9. ncbi request reprint Mini-SPIN: A brief screening assessment for generalized social anxiety disorder
    K M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Depress Anxiety 14:137-40. 2001
    ..The Mini-SPIN demonstrates good efficiency, supporting its utility as a screening tool for generalized social anxiety disorder...
  10. ncbi request reprint SPRINT: a brief global assessment of post-traumatic stress disorder
    K M Connor
    Duke University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 16:279-84. 2001
    ..The SPRINT demonstrates solid psychometric properties and can serve as a reliable, valid and homogeneous measure of PTSD illness severity and of global improvement...
  11. ncbi request reprint Multidimensional effects of sertraline in social anxiety disorder
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Depress Anxiety 23:6-10. 2006
    ..Among common physiological symptoms in this population, blushing and palpitations appear more treatment responsive than trembling and sweating to acute treatment with sertraline...
  12. ncbi request reprint Assessment of resilience in the aftermath of trauma
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710
    J Clin Psychiatry 67:46-9. 2006
    ..Both scales are well validated, self-rated, easy to use, and easily translatable. Within a short period of time, nonspecialists can be taught to use these in the field...
  13. ncbi request reprint Trauma, resilience and saliostasis: effects of treatment in post-traumatic stress disorder
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 20:43-8. 2005
    ..Treatment of PTSD significantly improved resilience and reduced symptoms in this sample. Further controlled studies are indicated...
  14. ncbi request reprint Practical assessment and evaluation of mental health problems following a mass disaster
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 67:26-33. 2006
    ..The article also addresses important aspects of training nonmedical personnel in screening and assessment...
  15. ncbi request reprint Davidson Trauma Scale (DTS): normative scores in the general population and effect sizes in placebo-controlled SSRI trials
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Program, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Depress Anxiety 15:75-8. 2002
    ..These results further affirm the utility of the DTS as a self-rating measure of PTSD symptom severity and in evaluating treatment response...
  16. ncbi request reprint Traumatic events and posttraumatic stress in cross-cultural mission assignments
    Frauke C Schaefer
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Trauma Stress 20:529-39. 2007
    ..Factors associated with the severity of posttraumatic stress were depression, functional impairment, subjective severity and number of traumatic events, and the level of resilience...
  17. ncbi request reprint Fluoxetine, comprehensive cognitive behavioral therapy, and placebo in generalized social phobia
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:1005-13. 2004
    ..Generalized social phobia is common, persistent, and disabling and is often treated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor drugs or cognitive behavioral therapy...
  18. ncbi request reprint Quetiapine as monotherapy for social anxiety disorder: a placebo-controlled study
    Sandeep Vaishnavi
    Duke University Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, Room 4082A, Duke South, Yellow Zone, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 31:1464-9. 2007
    ..Significant time effects were noted for the SPIN and SDI, as well as a significant time x treatment effect in favor of quetiapine on the SPIN. Additionally, quetiapine showed a large effect size on the SPIN...
  19. ncbi request reprint Levetiracetam in social phobia: a placebo controlled pilot study
    Wei Zhang
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Psychopharmacol 19:551-3. 2005
    ..In summary, the results of this study, while negative on the pre-defined measures, suggest promise for LEV as a new treatment of SAD. Further work should be carried out with larger sample sizes and optimal dosing strategies of the drug...
  20. ncbi request reprint Botulinum toxin treatment of social anxiety disorder with hyperhidrosis: a placebo-controlled double-blind trial
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, DUMC Box 3812, Durham, N C 27710, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 67:30-6. 2006
    ..Given the often prominent and persistent nature of hyperhidrosis in social anxiety disorder (SAD), to compare botulinum toxin type A to placebo for generalized SAD with hyperhidrosis, in combination with paroxetine...
  21. ncbi request reprint Symptoms of neurasthenia following earthquake trauma: re-examination of a discarded syndrome
    Wei Zhang
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Psychiatry Res 153:171-7. 2007
    ..The meaningful number of subjects meeting criteria for our algorithm of neurasthenia suggests that further study of this syndrome employing exact ICD-10 diagnostic criteria is warranted...
  22. ncbi request reprint Beliefs in karma and reincarnation among survivors of violent trauma--a community survey
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Dept of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham NC 27710, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 40:120-5. 2005
    ..This survey was designed to examine beliefs in karma and reincarnation among survivors of violent trauma in the general US population...
  23. ncbi request reprint Augmentation of sertraline with prolonged exposure in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder
    Barbara O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:625-38. 2006
    ..Participants who received PE showed further reduction in PTSD severity. This augmentation effect was observed only for participants who showed a partial response to medication...
  24. doi request reprint Escitalopram in specific phobia: results of a placebo-controlled pilot trial
    Sayed Alamy
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    J Psychopharmacol 22:157-61. 2008
    ..To assess the efficacy and safety of escitalopram in treating specific phobia...
  25. ncbi request reprint Tiagabine for posttraumatic stress disorder: effects of open-label and double-blind discontinuation treatment
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, P O Box 3812, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 184:21-5. 2006
    ..Preliminary results suggest a potential benefit of agents that enhance gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission in treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  26. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of olanzapine in social anxiety disorder: a pilot study
    Stewart D Barnett
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, DUMC, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Psychopharmacol 16:365-8. 2002
    ..Olanzapine was superior to placebo on the primary outcome measures in this preliminary study of SAD. Additional studies of olanzapine as a treatment for SAD are warranted...
  27. ncbi request reprint Explanatory attributions of anxiety and recovery in a study of kava
    Kurian C Abraham
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 10:556-9. 2004
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Hyperhidrosis in social anxiety disorder
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Duke University Medical Center, Trent Drive, 4th Floor, Yellow Zone, Room 4082B, Box 3812, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 26:1327-31. 2002
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Mirtazapine vs. placebo in posttraumatic stress disorder: a pilot trial
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 53:188-91. 2003
    ..Based on an earlier pilot study, as well as a theoretical consideration of its mechanism of action, we undertook a placebo-controlled, double-blind trial of mirtazapine in posttraumatic stress disorder...
  30. ncbi request reprint Maintenance therapy with fluoxetine in posttraumatic stress disorder: a placebo-controlled discontinuation study
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 25:166-9. 2005
    ..02, log-rank statistic). The odds ratio for relapse on PBO relative to FLU was 3.50. No significant differences were found on other measures. Fluoxetine was well tolerated during double-blind treatment...
  31. ncbi request reprint Tolerability of fluoxetine in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Stewart D Barnett
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 26:363-7. 2002
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Trauma and posttraumatic stress in users of the Anxiety Disorders Association of America Web site
    Peter J Nicholls
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 47:30-4. 2006
    ..Furthermore, the factors associated with PTSD were like those in many community surveys. The ADAA Web site has the opportunity to benefit large numbers of highly distressed individuals...
  33. doi request reprint The impairment of Presidents Pierce and Coolidge after traumatic bereavement
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 22705, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 49:413-9. 2008
    ..We conclude that the psychiatric consequences of losing a child can adversely affect heads of government, may cause clinically significant distress, altered behavior, and reduced ability to provide effective leadership...
  34. ncbi request reprint Escitalopram treatment of trichotillomania
    Kishore M Gadde
    Duke University Medical Centre, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 22:39-42. 2007
    ..0001] and for completers [15.8 (1.0)-7.5 (1.2); F=10.1; P<0.0001]. Side effects were mild. Escitalopram treatment for 12 weeks led to significant improvement of trichotillomania in some patients in this small open-label trial...
  35. ncbi request reprint Effectiveness of chromium in atypical depression: a placebo-controlled trial
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 53:261-4. 2003
    ..Chromium picolinate (CP) has been reported to benefit patients with symptoms of atypical depression...
  36. ncbi request reprint Neuroactive steroids and suicidality in posttraumatic stress disorder
    Marian I Butterfield
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:380-2. 2005
    ..Since high rates of suicidality accompany PTSD, the authors investigated neuroactive steroid levels and correlations to suicide attempts in veterans with this disorder...
  37. ncbi request reprint The impact of borderline personality disorder on post-traumatic stress in the community: a study of health status, health utilization, and functioning
    Kathryn M Connor
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3812, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 43:41-8. 2002
    ..Individuals with comorbid PTSS and BPD demonstrate greater overall impairment and usage of health care resources...
  38. ncbi request reprint Mental illness in U.S. Presidents between 1776 and 1974: a review of biographical sources
    Jonathan R T Davidson
    Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:47-51. 2006
    ..Mental illness in heads of state is a topic deserving further attention. Methodological limitations of using biography to determine psychopathology are discussed...
  39. pmc A pilot randomized controlled trial with paroxetine for subthreshold PTSD in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom era veterans
    Jennifer C Naylor
    VA Mid Atlantic Mental Illness, Research and Clinical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Psychiatry Res 206:318-20. 2013
    ..Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) scores improved by 30.4% in the paroxetine group. Paroxetine may have promise for subthreshold PTSD...
  40. ncbi request reprint Full and partial PTSD among earthquake survivors in rural Taiwan
    Te Jen Lai
    Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University and Department of Psychiatry, Chung Shan Medical Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
    J Psychiatr Res 38:313-22. 2004
    ..In conclusion, PTSD and PTSS are commonly observed following earthquake exposure and are associated with similarly high levels of psychosocial impairment...
  41. ncbi request reprint Pharmacologic treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder: a focus on antipsychotic use
    Eileen P Ahearn
    William S Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 2286, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 15:193-201. 2003
    ..The paucity of double-blind studies prevents firm conclusions, however, this class of medications may be useful particularly for refractory symptoms...
  42. ncbi request reprint Predictors of posttraumatic outcomes following the 1999 Taiwan earthquake
    Chia Ming Chang
    Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Chien Kuo N Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan
    J Nerv Ment Dis 193:40-6. 2005
    ..These variables, particularly female gender, current depression, and impaired well-being, should be considered in assessing earthquake survivors who are at increased risk for developing posttraumatic sequelae...
  43. doi request reprint Modification effects of coping on post-traumatic morbidity among earthquake rescuers
    Chia Ming Chang
    Department of Psychiatry and Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
    Psychiatry Res 158:164-71. 2008
    ..However, coping strategies do not seem to reduce the influence of such exposure on trauma-related morbidities. This suggests that coping strategies can be used to prevent general psychiatric morbidity but not trauma-related morbidities...
  44. ncbi request reprint Placebo-controlled trial of risperidone augmentation for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor-resistant civilian posttraumatic stress disorder
    Barbara O Rothbaum
    Department of Psychiatry, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:520-5. 2008
    ..The primary objective of this study was to examine risperidone augmentation in civilians with PTSD currently receiving sertraline without an optimal response...
  45. ncbi request reprint Paroxetine CR augmentation for posttraumatic stress disorder refractory to prolonged exposure therapy
    Naomi M Simon
    Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:400-5. 2008
    ..This study prospectively examines the relative efficacy of augmentation of continued prolonged exposure therapy (PE) with paroxetine CR versus placebo for individuals remaining symptomatic despite a course of PE...
  46. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic distress and coping strategies among rescue workers after an earthquake
    Chia Ming Chang
    Department of Psychiatry and Graduate Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, No 110, Sec 1, Chien Kuo N Road, Taichung, Taiwan
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:391-8. 2003
    ..Rescue workers with longer job experience were at the highest risk for developing psychiatric and posttraumatic distress...
  47. doi request reprint Quetiapine augmentation of paroxetine CR for the treatment of refractory generalized anxiety disorder: preliminary findings
    Naomi M Simon
    Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
    Psychopharmacology (Berl) 197:675-81. 2008
    ..More data are needed to guide "next step" strategies for patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) remaining symptomatic despite initial pharmacotherapy...

Research Grants1

  1. Botanical Treatments in Social Anxiety Disorder
    Kathryn Connor; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ....