P S Calhoun

Summary

Affiliation: Duke University Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Feigning combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder on the personality assessment inventory
    P S Calhoun
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, USA
    J Pers Assess 75:338-50. 2000
  2. pmc Self-reported health and physician diagnosed illnesses in women with posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 116B, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Trauma Stress 22:122-30. 2009
  3. ncbi request reprint Medical service utilization by veterans seeking help for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Health Services Research 152, Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:2081-6. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Caregiver burden and psychological distress in partners of veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Health Services Research, VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    J Trauma Stress 15:205-12. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Partners' ratings of combat veterans' anger
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Trauma Stress 15:133-6. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint The relationship between hostility and behavioral risk factors for poor health in women veterans
    P S Calhoun
    Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    Prev Med 33:552-7. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Drug use and validity of substance use self-reports in veterans seeking help for posttraumatic stress disorder
    P S Calhoun
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, and Health Services Research, Veterans Affairs Medical Center VAMC, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:923-7. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Lifetime trauma exposure in veterans with military-related posttraumatic stress disorder: association with current symptomatology
    Carolina P Clancy
    Durham Veterans Affairs, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 67:1346-53. 2006
  9. pmc Correlates of anger and hostility in Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans
    Eric B Elbogen
    Department of Psychiatry, Forensic Psychiatry Program and Clinic, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 167:1051-8. 2010
  10. pmc Effects of posttraumatic stress disorder status and covert hostility on cardiovascular responses to relived anger in women with and without PTSD
    Scott R Vrana
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Department of Psychology, 806 West Franklin Street, Richmond, VA 23284 2018, USA
    Biol Psychol 82:274-80. 2009

Detail Information

Publications40

  1. ncbi request reprint Feigning combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder on the personality assessment inventory
    P S Calhoun
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, USA
    J Pers Assess 75:338-50. 2000
    ..There were no significant differences in the overall efficiency of the test with various validity criteria. We discuss the implications of these findings for the use of the PAI in the diagnosis of combat-related PTSD...
  2. pmc Self-reported health and physician diagnosed illnesses in women with posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 116B, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Trauma Stress 22:122-30. 2009
    ..Findings and implications are discussed in relation to previous research in the area...
  3. ncbi request reprint Medical service utilization by veterans seeking help for posttraumatic stress disorder
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Health Services Research 152, Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:2081-6. 2002
    ..This study compared the health service use of veterans with PTSD to that of help-seeking veterans without PTSD. The relationship between severity of PTSD and service utilization was also examined...
  4. ncbi request reprint Caregiver burden and psychological distress in partners of veterans with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Health Services Research, VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    J Trauma Stress 15:205-12. 2002
    ..Caregiver burden was strongly related to spouse psychological adjustment...
  5. ncbi request reprint Partners' ratings of combat veterans' anger
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Trauma Stress 15:133-6. 2002
    ..There was moderate agreement between veterans and their partners on reports of anger and little evidence to suggest that PTSD diagnosis affected the convergence between partner and veteran scores...
  6. ncbi request reprint The relationship between hostility and behavioral risk factors for poor health in women veterans
    P S Calhoun
    Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    Prev Med 33:552-7. 2001
    ..The current study was designed to further examine the relationship between hostility and health risk behaviors in a sample of women...
  7. ncbi request reprint Drug use and validity of substance use self-reports in veterans seeking help for posttraumatic stress disorder
    P S Calhoun
    Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, and Health Services Research, Veterans Affairs Medical Center VAMC, Durham, North Carolina 27705, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:923-7. 2000
    ..Among participants using drugs, PTSD diagnosis was significantly associated with greater marijuana and depressant use as compared with stimulant (cocaine and amphetamines) use...
  8. ncbi request reprint Lifetime trauma exposure in veterans with military-related posttraumatic stress disorder: association with current symptomatology
    Carolina P Clancy
    Durham Veterans Affairs, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 67:1346-53. 2006
    ..Further, we investigated whether trauma exposure before military service was mediated or moderated by military trauma in its effects on current PTSD and adjustment...
  9. pmc Correlates of anger and hostility in Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans
    Eric B Elbogen
    Department of Psychiatry, Forensic Psychiatry Program and Clinic, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27599, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 167:1051-8. 2010
    ..Each of these conditions has been associated with elevated anger and hostility in veterans from previous conflicts. The authors sought to identify variables empirically related to anger and hostility in Iraq and Afghanistan veterans...
  10. pmc Effects of posttraumatic stress disorder status and covert hostility on cardiovascular responses to relived anger in women with and without PTSD
    Scott R Vrana
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Department of Psychology, 806 West Franklin Street, Richmond, VA 23284 2018, USA
    Biol Psychol 82:274-80. 2009
    ..Results suggest that the relationship between PTSD and cardiovascular response is moderated by hostility...
  11. pmc Smoking in help-seeking veterans with PTSD returning from Afghanistan and Iraq
    A C Kirby
    Durham VA Medical Center, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Addict Behav 33:1448-53. 2008
    ..The results are placed in the context of non-psychiatric and psychiatric smokers...
  12. ncbi request reprint Interpersonal trauma, war zone exposure, and posttraumatic stress disorder among veterans with schizophrenia
    Patrick S Calhoun
    VA Mid Atlantic Region Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center 116B, 508 Fulton Street, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Schizophr Res 91:210-6. 2007
    ..Results suggest that PTSD is highly prevalent and under-diagnosed among veterans with schizophrenia. Increased assessment of trauma and PTSD in this population is warranted...
  13. pmc Prospective study of externalizing and internalizing subtypes of posttraumatic stress disorder and their relationship to mortality among Vietnam veterans
    Amanda M Flood
    Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 51:236-42. 2010
    ..The value of considering possible PTSD subtypes is significant in that it may contribute to identifying more specific targets for treatment and rehabilitation in veterans with PTSD...
  14. doi request reprint Exploration of the resilience construct in posttraumatic stress disorder severity and functional correlates in military combat veterans who have served since September 11, 2001
    Kimberly T Green
    VISN 6 MIRECC, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 71:823-30. 2010
    ..This study evaluated the relationship between resilience and psychological functioning in military veterans deployed to a region of military conflict in support of Operation Enduring Freedom or Operation Iraqi Freedom...
  15. ncbi request reprint Comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder is associated with suicidality in male veterans with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder
    J L Strauss
    Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care 152, 508 Fulton Street, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Schizophr Res 84:165-9. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that patients with comorbid PTSD are at higher risk for suicidality. Enhanced screening and targeted interventions may be warranted to address comorbid PTSD and increased suicide risk in this population...
  16. doi request reprint Ad lib smoking in post-traumatic stress disorder: an electronic diary study
    Jean C Beckham
    Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Nicotine Tob Res 10:1149-57. 2008
    ..These results are consistent with previous ambulatory findings regarding mood in smokers, and underscore that in smokers with PTSD, PTSD symptom variables as well as stress and anxiety are significantly associated with ad lib smoking...
  17. pmc Suicidality, aggression, and other treatment considerations among pregnant, substance-dependent women with posttraumatic stress disorder
    A Meade Eggleston
    VA Mid Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 50:415-23. 2009
    ..Findings indicate treatment considerations for substance-dependent women with PTSD are broader and more severe than those with other Axis I conditions or substance dependence alone...
  18. pmc Public health clinical demonstration project for smoking cessation in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Eric A Dedert
    Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Addict Behav 35:19-22. 2010
    ..6% of the total number of targeted smokers reported 8 week abstinence. Results suggested that this brief, low-cost intervention was feasible and promoted smoking cessation in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder...
  19. pmc Posttraumatic stress disorder, cardiovascular, and metabolic disease: a review of the evidence
    Eric A Dedert
    VA Research Service, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Durham Veterans Affairs and Duke University Medical Centers, Durham, NC, USA
    Ann Behav Med 39:61-78. 2010
    ..Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular and metabolic disease...
  20. pmc Factorial invariance of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms across three veteran samples
    Scott D McDonald
    VA Mid Atlantic Region Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center MIRECC, Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Trauma Stress 21:309-17. 2008
    ..Results supported factor invariance across the three veteran cohorts, suggesting that cross-group comparisons are interpretable. Implications and applications for DSM-IV nosology and the validity of symptom measures are discussed...
  21. ncbi request reprint Preliminary findings from a clinical demonstration project for veterans returning from Iraq or Afghanistan
    Jean C Beckham
    Durham Veterans Administration Medical Center, 508 Fulton Street, 116B, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Mil Med 173:448-51. 2008
    ..At 2 months follow-up, 38% of participants self-reported maintained smoking abstinence. Results suggested that the intervention was feasible and assisted the small number of veterans who participated...
  22. pmc Childhood traumatic stress and obesity in women: the intervening effects of PTSD and MDD
    Eric A Dedert
    Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    J Trauma Stress 23:785-63. 2010
    ..Posttraumatic stress disorder may play a particularly important role in the development of central adiposity...
  23. ncbi request reprint Lifetime sexual and physical victimization among male veterans with combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder
    Kathleen G Lapp
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Mil Med 170:787-90. 2005
    ..Determining the lifetime history of trauma exposure may have implications for vulnerability to subsequent development of PTSD and the risk of future violence...
  24. ncbi request reprint Ambulatory monitoring and physical health report in Vietnam veterans with and without chronic posttraumatic stress disorder
    Jean C Beckham
    Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Trauma Stress 16:329-35. 2003
    ..Findings suggest that the interrelationships among ambulatory autonomic responses, PTSD, and physical health deserve more research attention...
  25. ncbi request reprint Validity of the Personality Assessment Inventory Aggression scales and Violence Potential index in veterans with PTSD
    Eric F Crawford
    Durham VA Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Pers Assess 88:90-8. 2007
    ..The VPI, however, added no unique explanatory power over the AGG composite scale...
  26. ncbi request reprint Use of psychiatric and medical health care by veterans with severe mental illness
    Hayden B Bosworth
    Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, North Carolina 27705, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 55:708-10. 2004
    ..These results highlight that veterans with severe mental illness receive more treatment in medical than psychiatric health clinics...
  27. pmc Sleep disturbance and baroreceptor sensitivity in women with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Christi S Ulmer
    Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Trauma Stress 22:643-7. 2009
    ..Lower BRS was associated with poorer sleep in women with PTSD, but not in those without. Future research should investigate causal relationships between sleep and blood pressure regulation in those with PTSD...
  28. doi request reprint Clinical utility of the Primary Care--PTSD Screen among U.S. veterans who served since September 11, 2001
    Patrick S Calhoun
    VA Mid Atlantic Region Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center MIRECC, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Psychiatry Res 178:330-5. 2010
    ..Within primary care settings, the PC-PTSD may be most advantageously employed in the context of staged screening, given the measure's relative susceptibility to false positives...
  29. pmc Diagnostic efficiency of the personality assessment inventory LOGIT function for posttraumatic stress disorder in women
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    J Pers Assess 91:409-15. 2009
    ..863, SE = .033) and the PAI Anxiety subscale Anxiety-Related Disorders Traumatic Experiences (AUC = .861; S.E. = .033). Results of this study suggest that the PAI PTSD LOGIT function may be a useful tool in assessing PTSD...
  30. ncbi request reprint Emotional reactivity to trauma stimuli and duration of past smoking cessation attempts in smokers with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 15:256-63. 2007
    ..Systematic replications including a prospective design are recommended...
  31. ncbi request reprint Hazardous alcohol use and receipt of risk-reduction counseling among U.S. veterans of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Patrick S Calhoun
    Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center 116B DVAMC, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 69:1686-93. 2008
    ..S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care. This study examined the prevalence of hazardous alcohol use among OEF/OIF veterans and the incidence of alcohol risk-reduction counseling offered by VA providers...
  32. pmc Ambulatory cardiovascular activity and hostility ratings in women with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder
    Jean C Beckham
    Mental Health Service Line, Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 65:268-72. 2009
    ..The objective of the current study is to evaluate the relationship between hostility and ambulatory cardiovascular activity in women with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
  33. pmc The validity and diagnostic efficiency of the Davidson Trauma Scale in military veterans who have served since September 11th, 2001
    Scott D McDonald
    VA Mid Atlantic Region Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States
    J Anxiety Disord 23:247-55. 2009
    ..Thus, results illustrate that potency of the DTS as a diagnostic aid was highly dependent on the comparison group used for analyses. Results are discussed in terms of applications to clinical practice and research...
  34. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder, hostility, and health in women: a review of current research
    Jean C Beckham
    Department of Psychiatry, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
    Ann Behav Med 24:219-28. 2002
    ..Although the current literature suggests that hostility and PTSD are related to health in women, more rigorous, focused research is lacking. A number of suggestions for future research are provided...
  35. ncbi request reprint Are women worrying about heart disease?
    Mimi Sen Biswas
    The Center of Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Womens Health Issues 12:204-11. 2002
    ..Of women with up to three risk factors, fewer than half worried about CAD. Higher-risk women were unconcerned about CAD. This could undermine prevention efforts...
  36. ncbi request reprint Objective evidence of sleep disturbance in women with posttraumatic stress disorder
    Patrick S Calhoun
    VA Mid Atlantic Region Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Center MIRECC, VA Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham VAMC, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Trauma Stress 20:1009-18. 2007
    ..Disturbed sleep may have important implications for the health and well-being of individuals with PTSD...
  37. ncbi request reprint Validity rates of the Personality Assessment Inventory and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 in a VA Medical Center Setting
    Loretta E Braxton
    Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham, NC 27705, USA
    J Pers Assess 88:5-15. 2007
    ..We discuss factors that may be related to the differences in validity rates...
  38. ncbi request reprint The impact of posttraumatic stress disorder on quality of life and health service utilization among veterans who have schizophrenia
    Patrick S Calhoun
    VA Mid Atlantic Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:393-7. 2006
    ..Veterans who have schizophrenia should be screened carefully for exposure to trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder...
  39. doi request reprint Statistical procedures for analyzing mental health services data
    Jon D Elhai
    Disaster Mental Health Institute, The University of South Dakota, 414 East Clark Street, Vermillion, SD 57069 2390, USA
    Psychiatry Res 160:129-36. 2008
    ..Implications of matching data analytic techniques appropriately with the often complexly distributed datasets of mental health services utilization variables are discussed...
  40. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder and smoking relapse: A theoretical model
    Jessica W Cook
    Puget Sound Heath Care System Seattle Division, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of Washington, and Veterans Affairs VISN 20 Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Trauma Stress 20:989-98. 2007
    ..Treatment implications as well as methodological advances that may be relevant to examining the proposed relapse model are discussed...