Robert L Goldenberg

Summary

Affiliation: Drexel University College of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Home birth attendants in low income countries: who are they and what do they do?
    Ana Garces
    IMSALUD, Guatemala City, Guatemala
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:34. 2012
  2. pmc Classifying perinatal mortality using verbal autopsy: is there a role for nonphysicians?
    Cyril Engmann
    Departments of Pediatrics and Maternal Child Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:42. 2011
  3. pmc Complementary feeding: a Global Network cluster randomized controlled trial
    Nancy F Krebs
    University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, USA
    BMC Pediatr 11:4. 2011
  4. doi request reprint Epidemiology and causes of preterm birth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Lancet 371:75-84. 2008
  5. pmc Infection-related stillbirths
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Lancet 375:1482-90. 2010
  6. doi request reprint Women's perceptions regarding the safety of births at various gestational ages
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 114:1254-8. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Lessons for low-income regions following the reduction in hypertension-related maternal mortality in high-income countries
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Drexel University College of Medicine, PA19102, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 113:91-5. 2011
  8. doi request reprint Stillbirths: the vision for 2020
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Lancet 377:1798-805. 2011
  9. ncbi request reprint The Alabama Preterm Birth Study: diffuse decidual leukocytoclastic necrosis of the decidua basalis, a placental lesion associated with preeclampsia, indicated preterm birth and decreased fetal growth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 20:391-5. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Low birth weight in the United States
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Drexel University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:584S-590S. 2007

Detail Information

Publications92

  1. pmc Home birth attendants in low income countries: who are they and what do they do?
    Ana Garces
    IMSALUD, Guatemala City, Guatemala
    BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12:34. 2012
    ..Nearly half the world's babies are born at home. We sought to evaluate the training, knowledge, skills, and access to medical equipment and testing for home birth attendants across 7 international sites...
  2. pmc Classifying perinatal mortality using verbal autopsy: is there a role for nonphysicians?
    Cyril Engmann
    Departments of Pediatrics and Maternal Child Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Popul Health Metr 9:42. 2011
    ..abstract:..
  3. pmc Complementary feeding: a Global Network cluster randomized controlled trial
    Nancy F Krebs
    University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, USA
    BMC Pediatr 11:4. 2011
    ..Animal source foods in particular are cited as essential to achieve micronutrient requirements. The efficacy of the recommendation for regular meat consumption, however, has not been systematically evaluated...
  4. doi request reprint Epidemiology and causes of preterm birth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Lancet 371:75-84. 2008
    ..A short cervical length and a raised cervical-vaginal fetal fibronectin concentration are the strongest predictors of spontaneous preterm birth...
  5. pmc Infection-related stillbirths
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Lancet 375:1482-90. 2010
    ..Research that better defines the relation between these infections and stillbirths, and develops strategies to reduce associated adverse outcomes, should play an important part in reduction of stillbirths in low-income countries...
  6. doi request reprint Women's perceptions regarding the safety of births at various gestational ages
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 114:1254-8. 2009
    ..To estimate women's understanding of the definition of full term and the gestational age at which it is safe to deliver an otherwise healthy pregnancy...
  7. doi request reprint Lessons for low-income regions following the reduction in hypertension-related maternal mortality in high-income countries
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Drexel University College of Medicine, PA19102, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 113:91-5. 2011
    ..To evaluate pre-eclampsia/eclampsia-associated maternal mortality in high-income countries to understand better the potential improvements in pre-eclampsia/eclampsia-related mortality in low-income countries...
  8. doi request reprint Stillbirths: the vision for 2020
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Lancet 377:1798-805. 2011
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint The Alabama Preterm Birth Study: diffuse decidual leukocytoclastic necrosis of the decidua basalis, a placental lesion associated with preeclampsia, indicated preterm birth and decreased fetal growth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 20:391-5. 2007
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Low birth weight in the United States
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Drexel University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:584S-590S. 2007
    ..The substantial improvement in newborn survival in the United States over the past several decades is mostly due to better access to improved neonatal care for low-birth-weight infants...
  11. pmc The Alabama Preterm Birth Study: umbilical cord blood Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis cultures in very preterm newborn infants
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 198:43.e1-5. 2008
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint The Alabama Preterm Birth study: polymorphonuclear and mononuclear cell placental infiltrations, other markers of inflammation, and outcomes in 23- to 32-week preterm newborn infants
    William W Andrews
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233 1602, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:803-8. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to better understand the relationship between placental polymorphonuclear and mononuclear cell infiltrations with bacterial cultures, markers of inflammation, and preterm outcomes...
  13. ncbi request reprint Fetal fibronectin and adverse infant outcomes in a predominantly human immunodeficiency virus-infected African population: a randomized controlled trial
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1500 6th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 109:392-401. 2007
    ..To evaluate the relationship between fetal fibronectin and preterm birth and maternal-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in an African population of predominantly HIV-infected women...
  14. ncbi request reprint A prospective masked observational study of uterine contraction frequency in twins
    Roger B Newman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:1564-70. 2006
    ..This study was undertaken to compare uterine contraction frequency in twins versus singletons and to determine if contraction frequency can be an efficient predictor of spontaneous preterm birth in twin gestations...
  15. ncbi request reprint The Alabama Preterm Birth Study: intrauterine infection and placental histologic findings in preterm births of males and females less than 32 weeks
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233 1602, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:1533-7. 2006
    ..The objective of the study was to determine whether there are differences in the placental histology and various markers of infection/inflammation between preterm male and female fetuses...
  16. pmc Incident smoking during pregnancy and the postpartum period in a low-income urban population
    David A Webb
    Department of Adolescent Medicine, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market St, Ste 880, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Public Health Rep 126:50-9. 2011
    ..We determined the prevalence of first lifetime use of cigarettes during pregnancy or in the early postpartum period (incident smoking) and identified sociodemographic and health-related characteristics of incident smokers...
  17. ncbi request reprint HPTN 024 study: histologic chorioamnionitis, antibiotics and adverse infant outcomes in a predominantly HIV-1-infected African population
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233 1602, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:1065-74. 2006
    ..Histologic chorioamnionitis has been associated with preterm birth and low birthweight. Our goal was to evaluate the relationship between polymorphonuclear cell and mononuclear cell placental infiltrations and adverse infant outcomes...
  18. pmc Treatment of trichomoniasis in pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa does not appear to be associated with low birth weight or preterm birth
    Elizabeth Stringer
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    S Afr Med J 100:58-64. 2010
    ..To determine whether treatment of trichomoniasis increases the risk of prematurity...
  19. ncbi request reprint The Alabama Preterm Birth Project: placental histology in recurrent spontaneous and indicated preterm birth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233 1602, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:792-6. 2006
    ..For unknown reasons, a previous preterm birth (PTB) is a major risk factor for PTB in the current pregnancy. Our goal is to evaluate placental histology for clues related to the recurrent nature of PTB...
  20. doi request reprint Longitudinal trajectory of bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy
    Thaddeus P Waters
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 199:431.e1-5. 2008
    ..This study was undertaken to characterize the course of bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy and to discern the bacterial morphotypes responsible for infection...
  21. pmc Midtrimester amniotic fluid matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) levels above the 90th percentile are a marker for subsequent preterm premature rupture of membranes
    Joseph R Biggio
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 192:109-13. 2005
    ..We sought to determine whether midtrimester amniotic fluid levels of matrix metalloproteinase-8 were associated with subsequent preterm premature rupture of membranes...
  22. pmc Impact of interconception antibiotics on the endometrial microbial flora
    Alan T N Tita
    Center for Women s Reproductive Health, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 196:226.e1-6. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of an interconception antibiotic regimen on endometrial microbial flora and histologic type...
  23. doi request reprint Elevated midtrimester α-fetoprotein and delivery markers of inflammation in a preterm population
    Monique Ho
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 25:2424-7. 2012
    ..Determine whether elevated second trimester maternal serum α-fetoprotein (AFP) is associated with clinical and histopathologic markers of inflammation at preterm delivery...
  24. ncbi request reprint Interconceptional antibiotics to prevent spontaneous preterm birth: a randomized clinical trial
    William W Andrews
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Research in Women s Health, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:617-23. 2006
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint The Alabama preterm birth study: corticosteroids and neonatal outcomes in 23- to 32-week newborns with various markers of intrauterine infection
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Brimingham, 35233 1602, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:1020-4. 2006
    ..Our goal was to determine if CS given prenatally to enhance fetal maturity were harmful to infants with various indications of intrauterine infection...
  26. ncbi request reprint What we have learned from an antibiotic trial in fetal fibronectin positive women
    William W Andrews
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Research in Womens Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35249 7333, USA
    Semin Perinatol 27:231-8. 2003
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Endometrial microbial colonization and plasma cell endometritis after spontaneous or indicated preterm versus term delivery
    William W Andrews
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Research in Women s Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:739-45. 2005
    ..This study was undertaken to determine whether endometrial microbial colonization or plasma cell endometritis is increased after spontaneous versus indicated preterm delivery or a spontaneous term delivery...
  28. ncbi request reprint Frequency of uterine contractions in asymptomatic pregnant women with or without a short cervix on transvaginal ultrasound scan
    Vincenzo Berghella
    Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:1253-6. 2004
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint The International Infections in Pregnancy (IIP) study: variations in the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis and distribution of morphotypes in vaginal smears among pregnant women
    Jorge E Tolosa
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Thomas Jefferson University for The Global Network for Perinatal and Reproductive Health, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:1198-204. 2006
    ..The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis and the distribution of associated morphotypes among asymptomatic pregnant women in different countries...
  30. ncbi request reprint The HPTN 024 Study: the efficacy of antibiotics to prevent chorioamnionitis and preterm birth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:650-61. 2006
    ..The use of antibiotics to prevent preterm birth has achieved mixed results. Our goal in this study was to determine if antibiotics given prenatally and during labor reduce the incidence of preterm birth and histologic chorioamnionitis...
  31. ncbi request reprint Differences in inflammatory cytokine and Toll-like receptor genes and bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy
    Alice R Goepfert
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:1478-85. 2005
    ..This study was undertaken to estimate the frequency of inflammatory cytokine and Toll-like receptor gene polymorphisms in women with and without bacterial vaginosis (BV) in pregnancy...
  32. ncbi request reprint Perceptions toward HIV, HIV screening, and the use of antiretroviral medications: a survey of maternity-based health care providers in Zambia
    Benjamin H Chi
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA
    Int J STD AIDS 15:685-90. 2004
    ..Among those never prescribing ART, most cited a lack of availability (83%). Our results highlight the need for further provider education, critical appraisal of the current system for HIV testing, and widespread distribution of ART...
  33. ncbi request reprint Use of vaginal polymorphonuclear to epithelial cell ratios for the prediction of preterm birth
    Patrick S Ramsey
    Center for Research in Women s Health, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35249 7333, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 105:139-44. 2005
    ..To compare the use of midtrimester vaginal polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) counts on Gram-stain preparations with PMN to epithelial cell (EPI) ratios for the prediction of subsequent spontaneous preterm birth...
  34. pmc A review of studies with chlorhexidine applied directly to the umbilical cord
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, School of Medicine, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Perinatol 30:699-701. 2013
    ..This intervention, which is safe and inexpensive and requires minimal training and skill, should strongly be considered for adoption wherever home births occur...
  35. doi request reprint Primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions to reduce the morbidity and mortality of preterm birth
    Jay D Iams
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA
    Lancet 371:164-75. 2008
    ..Advances in primary and secondary care, following strategies used for other complex health problems, such as cervical cancer, will be needed to prevent prematurity-related illness in infants and children...
  36. ncbi request reprint Umbilical cord plasma interleukin-6 concentrations in preterm infants and risk of neonatal morbidity
    Alice R Goepfert
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Research in Women s Health, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:1375-81. 2004
    ..This study was undertaken to evaluate the association between umbilical cord interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and neonatal morbidity in infants born at less than 32 weeks' gestation...
  37. ncbi request reprint Uterine contraction frequency before and after successful tocolytic therapy for preterm uterine contractions
    Roger B Newman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, 96 Jonathan Lucas Street, Suite 634, P O Box 250619, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    J Reprod Med 48:843-9. 2003
    ..To examine the association between prelabor uterine contraction frequency (UCF) and the success of tocolytic therapy for preterm labor (PTL)...
  38. pmc A multi-country study of the "intrapartum stillbirth and early neonatal death indicator" in hospitals in low-resource settings
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, NY 10032, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 122:230-3. 2013
    ..To determine the feasibility of introducing a simple indicator of quality of obstetric and neonatal care and to determine the proportion of potentially avoidable perinatal deaths in hospitals in low-income countries...
  39. ncbi request reprint What we have learned regarding antibiotic therapy for the reduction of infant morbidity after preterm premature rupture of the membranes
    Brian M Mercer
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA
    Semin Perinatol 27:217-30. 2003
    ..The use and limitations of ultrasound and vaginally collected amniotic fluid pulmonary maturity assessment are discussed...
  40. doi request reprint Prevention of preterm birth
    Jeffrey M Denney
    University of Utah, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
    Womens Health (Lond Engl) 4:625-38. 2008
    ..The most pressing need is to better define the populations of pregnant women for whom these and other interventions will effectively reduce preterm birth...
  41. ncbi request reprint Variation in vaginal immune parameters and microbial hydrolytic enzymes in bacterial vaginosis positive pregnant women with and without Mobiluncus species
    Jennifer F Culhane
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 195:516-21. 2006
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Choriodecidual infection and preterm birth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 35249 7333, USA
    Nutr Rev 60:S19-25. 2002
    ..Results of treatment trials to eradicate the infection and reduce preterm birth have been mixed...
  43. ncbi request reprint The relationship of intrapartum and antepartum stillbirth rates to measures of obstetric care in developed and developing countries
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 86:1303-9. 2007
    ..The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between intrapartum and antepartum stillbirths and various measures of obstetric care in developing and developed countries...
  44. pmc Recruitment and retention of women in a large randomized control trial to reduce repeat preterm births: the Philadelphia Collaborative Preterm Prevention Project
    David A Webb
    Department of Adolescent Medicine, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, 3535 Market Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    BMC Med Res Methodol 10:88. 2010
    ..Data are reported for the Philadelphia Collaborative Preterm Prevention Project (PCPPP), a large RCT targeting risk factors for repeat preterm births among women who previously delivered premature (< 35 weeks gestation) infants...
  45. ncbi request reprint Two decades of the safe motherhood initiative: time for another wooden spoon award?
    Alan T N Tita
    Center for Women s Reproductive Health and Maternal Fetal Medicine Division, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35233, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 110:972-6. 2007
    ....
  46. doi request reprint The preterm birth syndrome: issues to consider in creating a classification system
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 206:113-8. 2012
    ....
  47. doi request reprint Clinical algorithms for the identification of sick newborns in community-based settings
    Beena D Kamath-Rayne
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Acta Paediatr 101:344-51. 2012
    ..Based on a comparison of relevant studies, we then identified the common, important clinical signs shown to be useful for the identification of at-risk newborns by health workers in community-based and low-resource settings...
  48. doi request reprint Racial disparities in preterm birth
    Jennifer F Culhane
    Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
    Semin Perinatol 35:234-9. 2011
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Poverty, maternal health, and adverse pregnancy outcomes
    N Tanya Nagahawatte
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, 245 N 15th St, 17th Floor, Rm 17113, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1136:80-5. 2008
    ..We present some of the potential mechanisms that explain the association between these characteristics and adverse pregnancy outcomes--focusing on preterm birth...
  50. ncbi request reprint Randomized clinical trial of extended spectrum antibiotic prophylaxis with coverage for Ureaplasma urealyticum to reduce post-cesarean delivery endometritis
    William W Andrews
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Research in Women s Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35249 7333, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 101:1183-9. 2003
    ..To determine if extended spectrum prophylactic antibiotic treatment (with efficacy against Ureaplasma urealyticum) reduces post-cesarean delivery clinical endometritis...
  51. ncbi request reprint Variation in Nugent score and leukocyte count in fluid collected from different vaginal sites
    Jennifer F Culhane
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 105:120-3. 2005
    ..To assess the variability in Nugent score and leukocyte count measured in vaginal secretions collected from 3 vaginal sites...
  52. ncbi request reprint Maternal infection and adverse fetal and neonatal outcomes
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1500 6th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    Clin Perinatol 32:523-59. 2005
    ..Bacterial vaginosis and its associated intrauterine infections likely contribute far more to the overall burden of adverse pregnancy outcomes than the more classical perinatal infections such as rubella and syphilis...
  53. pmc Comparison of two strategies for administering nevirapine to prevent perinatal HIV transmission in high-prevalence, resource-poor settings
    Jeffrey S A Stringer
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:506-13. 2003
    ....
  54. doi request reprint Smoking cessation in pregnancy: why, how, and what next
    Julie T Crawford
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 51:419-35. 2008
    ..The risks and benefits of nicotine replacement therapy in heavy smokers and bupropion are discussed. Data on fetal risk are not yet available for Varenicline...
  55. doi request reprint Theory-driven process evaluation of a complementary feeding trial in four countries
    Jamie E Newman
    Statistics and Epidemiology, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA, Multidisciplinary Health Institute, Francisco Marroquin University, Guatemala City 01011, Guatemala, Institute for Nutrition of Central America and Panama, Guatemala City 01011, Guatemala, Department of Pediatrics, Section of Nutrition, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA, Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka 34681, Zambia, Kinshasa School of Public Health, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, Department of Community Health Science and Family Medicine, Aga Khan University Medical College, Karachi 74800, Pakistan, Department of Pediatrics Division of Neonatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA, Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA, University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka 34681, Zambia, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA and Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Neurology
    Health Educ Res 29:297-305. 2014
    ..The early onset and steady progression support the provision of earlier and comprehensive interventions. ..
  56. ncbi request reprint The infectious origins of stillbirth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 189:861-73. 2003
    ..Our objective was to determine the relationship between various types of perinatal infections and stillbirths...
  57. ncbi request reprint What we have learned about the predictors of preterm birth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Birmingham, AL 35233 1602, USA
    Semin Perinatol 27:185-93. 2003
    ....
  58. ncbi request reprint The plausibility of micronutrient deficiency in relationship to perinatal infection
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    J Nutr 133:1645S-1648S. 2003
    ..There is therefore no question that a plausible relationship exists between micronutrient deficiency and infection-mediated adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, proof of this relationship is generally not available...
  59. ncbi request reprint Infection as a cause of preterm birth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1500 6th Avenue S, CRWH 379, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
    Clin Perinatol 30:677-700. 2003
    ..Research must also address the question of individual susceptibility to infections and the influence of other exposures that may moderate the association between infection and preterm birth...
  60. ncbi request reprint Periodontal disease and upper genital tract inflammation in early spontaneous preterm birth
    Alice R Goepfert
    The Center for Research in Women s Health and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, 619 19th Street, Birmingham, AL 35249 7333, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 104:777-83. 2004
    ..To estimate the relationship between maternal periodontal disease and both early spontaneous preterm birth and selected markers of upper genital tract inflammation...
  61. ncbi request reprint Racial disparities in the association of foetal growth retardation to childhood blood pressure
    Stephen G Rostand
    Division of Nephrology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Nephrol Dial Transplant 20:1592-7. 2005
    ..For this reason we re-examined the role of FGR in childhood blood pressure...
  62. ncbi request reprint Serum homocysteine levels after preterm premature rupture of the membranes
    Eric J Knudtson
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:537-41. 2004
    ..Elevated homocysteine levels have been shown to induce these same pathophysiologic changes. We tested the hypothesis that serum homocysteine levels would be higher in women with PPROM when compared with matched control women...
  63. ncbi request reprint Frequency of uterine contractions and the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery
    Jay D Iams
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Ohio State University, Columbus 43210 1228, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:250-5. 2002
    ..The measurement of the frequency of uterine contractions has not been useful for reducing the rate of preterm delivery in randomized trials. Nonetheless, ambulatory monitoring of contractions continues to be used in clinical practice...
  64. ncbi request reprint Prepregnancy health status and the risk of preterm delivery
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 159:89-90. 2005
  65. pmc Personal risk perception, HIV knowledge and risk avoidance behavior, and their relationships to actual HIV serostatus in an urban African obstetric population
    Elizabeth M Stringer
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:60-6. 2004
    ..Before significant inroads can be made in decreasing the incidence of HIV infection among pregnant women, population-based strategies that involve men must be implemented...
  66. ncbi request reprint Periodontal disease and preterm birth: results of a pilot intervention study
    Marjorie K Jeffcoat
    University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Periodontol 74:1214-8. 2003
    ..The goal of this pilot trial was to determine the feasibility of conducting a trial to determine whether treatment of periodontitis reduces the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB)...
  67. pmc Timing of the maternal drug dose and risk of perinatal HIV transmission in the setting of intrapartum and neonatal single-dose nevirapine
    Jeffrey S A Stringer
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    AIDS 17:1659-65. 2003
    ..Single-dose intrapartum and neonatal nevirapine (NVP) reduces perinatal HIV transmission and is in increasingly common use throughout the developing world...
  68. pmc Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Africa: successes and challenges in scaling-up a nevirapine-based program in Lusaka, Zambia
    Elizabeth M Stringer
    School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    AIDS 17:1377-82. 2003
    ..Nearly half of perinatal HIV infection is preventable with nevirapine (NVP), which has transformed the ability to confront this transmission route in resource-limited settings...
  69. ncbi request reprint Effect of zinc supplementation of pregnant women on the mental and psychomotor development of their children at 5 y of age
    Tsunenobu Tamura
    Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 35294, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1512-6. 2003
    ..A negative effect of prenatal zinc deficiency on brain function has been well established in experimental animals, but this association in humans is controversial...
  70. ncbi request reprint Some thoughts on body mass index, micronutrient intakes and pregnancy outcome
    Yasmin Neggers
    University of Alabama, Department of Human Nutrition, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, USA
    J Nutr 133:1737S-1740S. 2003
    ..Maternal micronutrient status may partially mediate plasma volume expansion in pregnancy. Therefore, improving maternal micronutrient status may reduce adverse outcomes through this mechanism...
  71. ncbi request reprint Maternal prepregnancy body mass index and psychomotor development in children
    Yasmin H Neggers
    Department of Human Nutrition, University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
    Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 82:235-40. 2003
    ..We hypothesized that low maternal body mass index (BMI) would predict worse neurodevelopmental status in children, while higher maternal BMIs would be associated with better neurodevelopmental outcomes...
  72. ncbi request reprint The Preterm Prediction Study: the value of serum alkaline phosphatase, alpha-fetoprotein, plasma corticotropin-releasing hormone, and other serum markers for the prediction of spontaneous preterm birth
    Atef H Moawad
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit Network, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:990-6. 2002
    ..We investigated the relationship between 8 potential blood markers and subsequent spontaneous preterm birth in asymptomatic pregnant women...
  73. ncbi request reprint The Preterm Prediction Study: association between maternal body mass index and spontaneous and indicated preterm birth
    Israel Hendler
    National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Maternal Fetal Medicine Units Network, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 192:882-6. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between prepregnancy maternal body mass index and spontaneous preterm birth and indicated preterm birth...
  74. pmc Influence of body mass index on pregnancy outcomes among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected Zambian women
    Yolan Banda
    School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    Trop Med Int Health 12:856-61. 2007
    ..To determine the influence of body mass index (BMI) on pregnancy outcomes of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected Zambian women and to assess the possible role of BMI on mother-to-child transmission rate of HIV...
  75. pmc Stillbirths in an urban community in Pakistan
    Imtiaz Jehan
    Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:257.e1-8. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine stillbirth risk factors and gestational age at delivery in a prospective developing country birth cohort...
  76. ncbi request reprint Clinical trial of interconceptional antibiotics to prevent preterm birth: subgroup analyses and possible adverse antibiotic-microbial interaction
    Alan T N Tita
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Maternal Fetal Medicine Division and Center for Women s Reproductive Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:367.e1-6. 2007
    ....
  77. ncbi request reprint Preterm birth and periodontal disease
    Robert L Goldenberg
    N Engl J Med 355:1925-7. 2006
  78. ncbi request reprint Individual-level predictors for HIV testing among antenatal attendees in Lusaka, Zambia
    Sara Thierman
    University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco, California, USA
    Am J Med Sci 332:13-7. 2006
    ..Because individual-level characteristics were only weakly predictive of HIV testing, future work should concentrate on community-level factors...
  79. ncbi request reprint Predictors of stillbirth in sub-saharan Africa
    Benjamin H Chi
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    Obstet Gynecol 110:989-97. 2007
    ..To describe the incidence and predictors of stillbirth in a predominantly human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected African cohort...
  80. ncbi request reprint Obstetrician-gynecologists' knowledge of preterm birth frequency and risk factors
    Maria A Morgan
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, DC 20024, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 20:895-901. 2007
    ..To assess obstetrician-gynecologists' knowledge of preterm birth, including prevalence, risk factors, and utility of various tests in predicting increased risk...
  81. pmc Correlates of syphilis seroreactivity among pregnant women: the HIVNET 024 Trial in Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia
    Dara Potter
    School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:604-9. 2006
    ....
  82. ncbi request reprint Employment of off-duty staff: a strategy to meet the human resource needs for a large PMTCT program in Zambia
    Benjamin H Chi
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 40:381-2. 2005
  83. ncbi request reprint Cost and enrollment implications of targeting different source population for an HIV treatment program
    Benjamin H Chi
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 40:350-5. 2005
    ..Rapid scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a worldwide priority, and ambitious targets for numbers on ART have been set. Antenatal clinics (ANCs) and tuberculosis (TB) clinics have been targeted as entry points into HIV care...
  84. doi request reprint Obstetrician-gynecologists' practices regarding preterm birth at the limit of viability
    Maria A Morgan
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, DC 20024, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 21:115-21. 2008
    ..To assess obstetrician-gynecologists' judgments of gestational age of viability and earliest age of medical intervention for preterm delivery, and to associate these practice decisions with physician characteristics...
  85. pmc Effectiveness of a city-wide program to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in Lusaka, Zambia
    Jeffrey Sa Stringer
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    AIDS 19:1309-15. 2005
    ..To determine the population effectiveness of a city-wide perinatal HIV prevention program...
  86. pmc Nutritional indicators of adverse pregnancy outcomes and mother-to-child transmission of HIV among HIV-infected women
    Saurabh Mehta
    Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 87:1639-49. 2008
    ..Poor nutrition may be associated with mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV and other adverse pregnancy outcomes...
  87. ncbi request reprint Arrested preterm labor: do the data support home or hospital care?
    Robert L Goldenberg
    Obstet Gynecol 106:3-5. 2005
  88. pmc Morbidity and mortality among a cohort of human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected and uninfected pregnant women and their infants from Malawi, Zambia, and Tanzania
    David Chilongozi
    University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 27:808-14. 2008
    ..Morbidity and mortality patterns among pregnant women and their infants (before antiretroviral therapy was widely available) determines HIV-1 diagnostic, monitoring, and care interventions...
  89. ncbi request reprint Anemia prevalence and risk factors in pregnant women in an urban area of Pakistan
    Naila Baig-Ansari
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, Room 3252, Myer Hall, One Shields Ave, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 29:132-9. 2008
    ..Anemia affects almost two-thirds of pregnant women in developing countries and contributes to maternal morbidity and mortality and to low birthweight...
  90. ncbi request reprint Biochemical markers for the prediction of preterm birth
    Robert L Goldenberg
    The Center for Research in Women s Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 192:S36-46. 2005
    ..We emphasize that a test for any of these substances should not be introduced into clinical practice until the use of the test, which is followed by an appropriate intervention, leads to a reduction in preterm birth...
  91. doi request reprint Obstetrician-gynecologists' screening and management of preterm birth
    Maria A Morgan
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, DC 20024, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 112:35-41. 2008
    ..To define obstetrician-gynecologists' screening for potential preterm birth risk factors and interventions they use when indicators suggest the patient may be at increased risk...