LEONARD JASON

Summary

Affiliation: DePaul University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Cognitive impairments associated with CFS and POTS
    Lindzi Shanks
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University Chicago, IL, USA
    Front Physiol 4:113. 2013
  2. pmc Sub-typing daily fatigue progression in chronic fatigue syndrome
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Ment Health 22:4-11. 2013
  3. doi request reprint Small wins matter in advocacy movements: giving voice to patients
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 49:307-16. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Minimum data elements for research reports on CFS
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, United States
    Brain Behav Immun 26:401-6. 2012
  5. pmc The impact of energy modulation on physical functioning and fatigue severity among patients with ME/CFS
    LEONARD JASON
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 77:237-41. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Comparing symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome in a community-based versus tertiary care sample
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Health Psychol 8:459-64. 2003
  7. pmc A randomized trial evaluating tobacco possession-use-purchase laws in the USA
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, IL 60614, United States
    Soc Sci Med 67:1700-7. 2008
  8. pmc An examination of main and interactive effects of substance abuse recovery housing on multiple indicators of adjustment
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Addiction 102:1114-21. 2007
  9. pmc Communal housing settings enhance substance abuse recovery
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1727-9. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Monitoring and decreasing public smoking among youth
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Behav Modif 30:681-92. 2006

Research Grants

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications89

  1. pmc Cognitive impairments associated with CFS and POTS
    Lindzi Shanks
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University Chicago, IL, USA
    Front Physiol 4:113. 2013
    ....
  2. pmc Sub-typing daily fatigue progression in chronic fatigue syndrome
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Ment Health 22:4-11. 2013
    ..Activity logs involve patients writing down their activities and symptoms over 1 or more days. Aims This study sought to classify daily fatigue patterns among patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) using activity logs...
  3. doi request reprint Small wins matter in advocacy movements: giving voice to patients
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 49:307-16. 2012
    ..Ultimately, this approach can result in significant scientific and policy gains, and changes in medical and public perception of an illness...
  4. doi request reprint Minimum data elements for research reports on CFS
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, United States
    Brain Behav Immun 26:401-6. 2012
    ....
  5. pmc The impact of energy modulation on physical functioning and fatigue severity among patients with ME/CFS
    LEONARD JASON
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 77:237-41. 2009
    ..The energy envelope postulates that patients with Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) will improve functioning when maintaining expended energy levels at the same level as available energy level...
  6. ncbi request reprint Comparing symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome in a community-based versus tertiary care sample
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Health Psychol 8:459-64. 2003
    ..Findings indicate that patients with CFS from tertiary care settings have a higher frequency of symptoms than those in the general population who have CFS...
  7. pmc A randomized trial evaluating tobacco possession-use-purchase laws in the USA
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, IL 60614, United States
    Soc Sci Med 67:1700-7. 2008
    ..The implications of these findings are discussed...
  8. pmc An examination of main and interactive effects of substance abuse recovery housing on multiple indicators of adjustment
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Addiction 102:1114-21. 2007
    ..To assess the effectiveness of community-based supports in promoting abstinence from substance use and related problems...
  9. pmc Communal housing settings enhance substance abuse recovery
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1727-9. 2006
    ..At the 24-month follow-up, those in the Oxford House condition compared with the usual-care condition had significantly lower substance use, significantly higher monthly income, and significantly lower incarceration rates...
  10. ncbi request reprint Monitoring and decreasing public smoking among youth
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Behav Modif 30:681-92. 2006
    ..In contrast, public smoking among youth in the control sites was not affected. The significance of reducing number of youth smoking in public through tobacco possession laws is discussed...
  11. ncbi request reprint Causes of death among patients with chronic fatigue syndrome
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Health Care Women Int 27:615-26. 2006
    ..8 and 39.3 years, respectively, which is considerably younger than those who died from cancer and suicide in the general population. The implications of these findings are discussed...
  12. ncbi request reprint The need for substance abuse after-care: longitudinal analysis of Oxford House
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, IL 60614, USA
    Addict Behav 32:803-18. 2007
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Youth tobacco sales-to-minors and possession-use-purchase laws: a public health controversy
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Drug Educ 35:275-90. 2005
    ..This article reviews the ongoing debate behind these types of public health efforts, and examines the evidence of such programs to reduce youth tobacco use...
  14. doi request reprint Severe versus Moderate criteria for the new pediatric case definition for ME/CFS
    LEONARD JASON
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 40:609-20. 2009
    ..Findings indicate that the Pediatric Case Definition for ME/CFS can distinguish between those with this illness and controls, and between those with Severe versus Moderate manifestations of the illness...
  15. pmc Data mining: comparing the empiric CFS to the Canadian ME/CFS case definition
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, USA
    J Clin Psychol 68:41-9. 2012
    ..The empiric criteria identified about 79% of patients with CFS and the Canadian criteria identified 87% of patients. Items identified by the Canadian criteria had more construct validity. The implications of these findings are discussed...
  16. pmc A natural history study of chronic fatigue syndrome
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University
    Rehabil Psychol 56:32-42. 2011
    ..There is a need for natural history chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) studies from random, community-based, multi-ethnic populations...
  17. pmc CFS prevalence and risk factors over time
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, USA
    J Health Psychol 16:445-56. 2011
    ..Physical measures of disability and fatigue, along with measures of specific somatic symptoms, better differentiate individuals who later are diagnosed with CFS than more psychosocial measures such as stress and coping...
  18. pmc Frequency and content analysis of chronic fatigue syndrome in medical text books
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, 990 W Fullerton Avenue, Suite 3100, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Aust J Prim Health 16:174-8. 2010
    ..Other illnesses that are less prevalent, such as multiple sclerosis and Lyme disease, were more frequently represented in medical text books. These findings suggest that the topic ofCFS is underreported in published medical text books...
  19. doi request reprint What is fatigue? Pathological and nonpathological fatigue
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, 990 W Fullerton Ave, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    PM R 2:327-31. 2010
    ..Researchers have struggled to better assess and understand the etiology and classification of fatigue within different illness groups...
  20. pmc Measuring substantial reductions in functioning in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome
    LEONARD JASON
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Disabil Rehabil 33:589-98. 2011
    ..This study sought to empirically identify the most appropriate SF-36 subscales for measuring substantial reductions in patients with CFS...
  21. doi request reprint Classification of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome by types of fatigue
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, 990 W Fullerton Ave, Suite 3100, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Behav Med 36:24-31. 2010
    ..These results suggest that fatigue patterns of individuals with ME/CFS are heterogeneous, and that patients may be classified into meaningful subgroups...
  22. pmc Provision of social support to individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University
    J Clin Psychol 66:249-58. 2010
    ....
  23. pmc Youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions: effects on observed and perceived tobacco use
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Am J Addict 18:367-74. 2009
    ..The findings suggest that PUP law enforcement might be used to strengthen community norms against youth tobacco use...
  24. ncbi request reprint Do fines for violating possession-use-purchase laws reduce youth tobacco use?
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Illinois, USA
    J Drug Educ 37:393-400. 2007
    ..Assuming those who attrited were smokers, it is possible that about 15% to 24% of the original sample of children cited actually quit smoking over the follow-up period. The implications of these findings are discussed...
  25. ncbi request reprint Symptom occurrence in persons with chronic fatigue syndrome
    L A Jason
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, 990 West Fullerton Road, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Biol Psychol 59:15-27. 2002
    ..Implications of these findings are discussed...
  26. ncbi request reprint Chronic fatigue syndrome: the need for subtypes
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    Neuropsychol Rev 15:29-58. 2005
    ..This review suggests that there is a need for greater diagnostic clarity, and this might be accomplished by subgroups that integrate multiple variables including those in cognitive, emotional, and biological domains...
  27. ncbi request reprint Maintenance of community change: enforcing youth access to tobacco laws
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Drug Educ 34:105-19. 2004
    ..There is a need to better understand how youth access to tobacco community-based interventions can be maintained...
  28. ncbi request reprint The Energy Envelope Theory and myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome
    LEONARD JASON
    DePaul University, Chicago, IL, USA
    AAOHN J 56:189-95. 2008
    ..The overall results provide support for a strategy health care professionals can use when working with clients with ME/CFS...
  29. ncbi request reprint Chronic fatigue and sociodemographic characteristics as predictors of psychiatric disorders in a community-based sample
    Renee R Taylor
    Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:896-901. 2003
    ..To explore the roles of chronic fatigue and sociodemographic characteristics (eg, parental status, work status, socioeconomic status, sex, age, marital status, and ethnicity) as predictors of psychiatric disorders...
  30. pmc A longitudinal analysis of psychiatric severity upon outcomes among substance abusers residing in self-help settings
    John M Majer
    Department of Social Sciences, Richard J Daley College, 7500 South Pulaski Road, Chicago, IL 60652, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 42:145-53. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that a high level of psychiatric severity is not an impediment to residing in self-run, self-help settings such as Oxford House among persons with psychiatric comorbid substance use disorders...
  31. ncbi request reprint Youth caught in violation of tobacco purchase, use, and possession laws: education versus fines
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Chicago, USA
    Behav Modif 31:713-31. 2007
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Comorbidity among Oxford House residents: a preliminary outcome study
    John M Majer
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Addict Behav 27:837-45. 2002
    ..Implications of this study suggest that substance abusers with psychiatric comorbidity are heterogeneous groups that benefit from living in an Oxford House...
  33. ncbi request reprint Optimism, abstinence self-efficacy, and self-mastery: a comparative analysis of cognitive resources
    John M Majer
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Assessment 11:57-63. 2004
    ..Overall, findings suggest that cognitive resources facilitate substance abusers' recovery and that the Oxford House model might provide high levels of support in their ongoing abstinence...
  34. pmc 12-step participation among dually-diagnosed individuals: a review of individual and contextual factors
    Darrin M Aase
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, 990 W Fullerton Ave, Suite 3100, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 28:1235-48. 2008
    ..However, methodological limitations and lack of research in the area of ethnicity limited some of the conclusions that can be made. Suggestions for further research are discussed...
  35. ncbi request reprint Fatigue severity, attributions, medical utilization, and symptoms in persons with chronic fatigue
    Susan R Torres-Harding
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Behav Med 25:99-113. 2002
    ..Higher-SES participants were more likely to cite stress and overwork as causing their fatigue. Latinos reported more physical symptoms than African Americans and Whites. The implications of these results are discussed...
  36. pmc A factor analysis of the important people inventory
    David R Groh
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, 990 W Fullerton Ave, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Alcohol Alcohol 42:347-53. 2007
    ..However, because of psychometric limitations and varied adaptations of the IP, the following study performed factor analyses to develop a more structurally consistent model of the scaleas compared to the existing model...
  37. ncbi request reprint Heterogeneity among Latinas and Latinos entering substance abuse treatment: findings from a national database
    Josefina Alvarez
    DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 26:277-84. 2004
    ..The results of this study highlight the heterogeneity of Latinas/os who abuse substances...
  38. ncbi request reprint Economic costs of Oxford House inpatient treatment and incarceration: a preliminary report
    Bradley D Olson
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, IL 60614 2458, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:63-72. 2006
    ..Societal costs associated with the Oxford House program were relatively low, whereas estimated costs associated with inpatient and incarceration history were high. The implications of these findings are discussed...
  39. ncbi request reprint Evaluating attributions for an illness based upon the name: chronic fatigue syndrome, myalgic encephalopathy and Florence Nightingale disease
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 30:133-48. 2002
    ..In this study, specialty of medical trainee also played a role in how the illness was perceived...
  40. pmc Substance abuse prevalence and treatment among Latinos and Latinas
    Josefina Alvarez
    Center for Community Research, De Paul University, 990 West Fullerton Ave, Suite 3100, Chicago, IL 60614 2458, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 6:115-41. 2007
    ..New developments in the conceptualization and measurement of acculturation will lead to a greater understanding of the role of culture in the prevalence and treatment of substance-related problems...
  41. pmc The relationship between school policies and youth tobacco use
    Monica L Adams
    Youth Tobacco Access Project, Center for Community Research DePaul University, 990 W Fullerton Ave, Suite 3100, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Sch Health 79:17-23; quiz 41-3. 2009
    ..School tobacco policies represent a type of universal intervention that might have some promise for preventing or reducing tobacco use...
  42. ncbi request reprint A factor analysis of chronic fatigue symptoms in a community-based sample
    Leonard A Jason
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 37:183-9. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the factor structure of participants' symptoms in a random community sample of individuals with chronic fatigue...
  43. ncbi request reprint Physicians' diagnoses of psychiatric disorders for people with chronic fatigue syndrome
    Susan R Torres-Harding
    DePaul University, USA
    Int J Psychiatry Med 32:109-24. 2002
    ..Physicians' psychiatric diagnosis and participants' self-reported psychiatric diagnoses were compared to lifetime psychiatric diagnoses as measured by a structured psychiatric interview...
  44. ncbi request reprint Social support and self-efficacy for abstinence: is peer identification an issue?
    John M Majer
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, 2219 North Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 23:209-15. 2002
    ..Results of this study have important treatment implications for our understanding of social support and self-efficacy within ongoing recovery...
  45. ncbi request reprint Chronic fatigue syndrome: symptom subtypes in a community based sample
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Women Health 37:1-13. 2003
    ..Those diagnosed with CFS were subclassified based on frequency of symptoms. Important differences emerged on measures of sociodemographics and disability. The implications of these findings and others are discussed...
  46. pmc Illness duration and coping style in chronic fatigue syndrome
    Molly M Brown
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Psychol Rep 106:383-93. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that individuals with longer or shorter duration of the illness have differences in coping styles but not differences in physical impairment or symptom severity...
  47. pmc The role of changes in activity as a function of perceived available and expended energy in nonpharmacological treatment outcomes for ME/CFS
    Molly Brown
    DePaul University
    J Clin Psychol 67:253-60. 2011
    ..These findings suggest that an assessment of perceived available and expended energy could help guide the development of individualized nonpharmacological interventions for people with ME/CFS...
  48. ncbi request reprint Chronic fatigue, abuse-related traumatization, and psychiatric disorders in a community-based sample
    Renee R Taylor
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Soc Sci Med 55:247-56. 2002
    ..Among individuals with chronic fatigue, PTSD and other anxiety disorders appear to demonstrate the strongest association with abuse history. The implications of these findings are discussed...
  49. ncbi request reprint Is self-mastery always a helpful resource? Coping wiith paradoxical findings in relation to optimism and abstinence self-efficacy
    John M Majer
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 29:385-99. 2003
    ..Overall, findings suggest that optimism and abstinence self-efficacy are effective personal resources for recovering substance abusers in 12-step programs...
  50. pmc Effects of youth tobacco access and possession policy interventions on heavy adolescent smokers
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:1-9. 2009
    ..The present study found that adolescents in the control group had a significantly greater increase in the percentage of youth who smoked 20 or more cigarettes per day when compared to the experimental group...
  51. ncbi request reprint The relation of retail tobacco availability to initiation and continued smoking
    Steven B Pokorny
    Youth Tobacco Access Project, Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 32:193-204. 2003
    ..Examining individual, social, and environmental factors simultaneously provides a clearer and more accurate model of these complex ecological influences...
  52. ncbi request reprint This is my neighborhood: comparing United States and Australian Oxford House Neighborhoods
    Joseph R Ferrari
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:41-9. 2006
    ..Results imply that Australian Oxford Houses are "safe and sober" settings for persons in recovery consistent with the original United States model in physical dwelling settings...
  53. ncbi request reprint Disordered eating, trauma, and sense of community: examining women in substance abuse recovery homes
    Carmen E Curtis
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Women Health 41:87-100. 2005
    ..Implications for treatment and future research are discussed...
  54. ncbi request reprint African American Oxford House residents: sources of abstinent social networks
    Andrea M Flynn
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:111-9. 2006
    ..However, family members are well represented in the support networks of African Americans in OH...
  55. ncbi request reprint Oxford House: deaf-affirmative support for substance abuse recovery
    Josefina Alvarez
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614 2458, USA
    Am Ann Deaf 151:418-22. 2006
    ..However, since Oxford Houses are self-supporting, Oxford Houses designed for the Deaf community may face unique economic challenges...
  56. pmc Friends, family, and alcohol abuse: an examination of general and alcohol-specific social support
    David R Groh
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, 900 W Fullerton Avenue, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Am J Addict 16:49-55. 2007
    ..Results indicated that general support from friends and length of stay in Oxford House significantly predicted less alcohol use. Implications for alcohol recovery are discussed...
  57. ncbi request reprint The relationships among coping styles and fatigue in an ethnically diverse sample
    Mary Gloria C Njoku
    Center for Community Research, Chronic Fatigue Research Study, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Ethn Health 10:263-78. 2005
    ..Therefore, healthcare professionals should find ways to reduce patient use of denial and promote alternative strategies for managing life events...
  58. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of chronic fatigue syndrome in Nigeria
    Mary Gloriac C Njoku
    DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Health Psychol 12:461-74. 2007
    ..There is a need for more epidemiologic studies on the prevalence and sociodemographic characteristics of CFS in developing countries...
  59. ncbi request reprint Children, women, and substance abuse: a look at recovery in a communal setting
    Lucía d'Arlach
    DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:121-31. 2006
    ..This effect did not differ between mothers and non-mothers, suggesting that non-mothers might view the children in the home with a sense of responsibility and sensitivity comparable to that of the mothers. Implications are discussed...
  60. pmc Factor analysis of the Beck Depression Inventory-II with patients with chronic fatigue syndrome
    Molly Brown
    DePaul University, Chicago 60618, USA
    J Health Psychol 17:799-808. 2012
    ..Results suggest patients endorse BDI-II somatic items that overlap with CFS symptoms at a high rate. Factor scores should be evaluated separately, or the BDI-PC should be utilized with this population...
  61. ncbi request reprint Prognosis of chronic fatigue in a community-based sample
    Renee R Taylor
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, 2219 North Kenmore Avenue, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Psychosom Med 64:319-27. 2002
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint Assessing storefront tobacco advertising after the billboard ban
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, 990 W Fullerton Ave, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    Eval Health Prof 27:22-33. 2004
    ....
  63. pmc Fatigue among Spanish- and English-speaking Latinos
    Susan R Torres-Harding
    DePaul University, Chicago, IL, USA
    Soc Work Public Health 23:55-72. 2008
    ..Findings suggest that language spoken in Latino populations is important in predicting fatigue, and point to the potential importance of cultural factors such as acculturation or acculturative stresses...
  64. doi request reprint Increased HDAC in association with decreased plasma cortisol in older adults with chronic fatigue syndrome
    LEONARD JASON
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, United States
    Brain Behav Immun 25:1544-7. 2011
    ..These findings support the presence of HPA axis dysregulation in elderly individuals with CFS...
  65. ncbi request reprint Creating a home to promote recovery: the physical environments of Oxford House
    Joseph R Ferrari
    DePaul University, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:27-39. 2006
    ..Results suggested that residents of self-governed independently operated recovery houses may create and maintain safe and sober settings that elicit a sense of home among residents...
  66. ncbi request reprint Attitudes of a community members as a function of participatory research with Oxford Houses
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:13-24. 2006
    ..Results imply that there is a need to better understand how citizen members of community organizations are affected by their involvement in the research process...
  67. pmc Latinos and Latinas in communal settings: a grounded theory of recovery
    Josefina Alvarez
    Adler School of Professional Psychology, Chicago, IL 60601, USA
    Int J Environ Res Public Health 6:1317-34. 2009
    ....
  68. ncbi request reprint Differential diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome and major depressive disorder
    Caroline Hawk
    Hines VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois, USA
    Int J Behav Med 13:244-51. 2006
    ....
  69. ncbi request reprint Chronic fatigue syndrome versus neuroendocrineimmune dysfunction syndrome:differential attributions
    Leonard A Jason
    DePaul University, USA
    J Health Soc Policy 18:43-55. 2003
    ..Results suggest that a more medical sounding term (CNDS) may lead to attributions that this syndrome is a more serious, disabling illness. The policy implications of these findings are discussed...
  70. ncbi request reprint Assessing police community readiness to work on youth access and possession of tobacco
    Charlotte B Kunz
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    J Drug Educ 39:321-37. 2009
    ..The implications of these findings are discussed...
  71. doi request reprint Alternative medical interventions used in the treatment and management of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia
    Nicole S Porter
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 16:235-49. 2010
    ..However, information regarding the efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has not been comprehensively or systematically covered in these reviews, despite its frequent use in the patient community...
  72. ncbi request reprint Variability in diagnostic criteria for chronic fatigue syndrome may result in substantial differences in patterns of symptoms and disability
    Leonard A Jason
    Center for Community Research, DePaul University, 990 W Fullerton Ave, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Eval Health Prof 26:3-22. 2003
    ..These findings suggest that it might be inappropriate to synthesize results from studies of this illness that use different definitions to select study populations...
  73. ncbi request reprint Youth smoking status: perceptions versus measurements
    Todd L Bottom
    DePaul University, Center for Community Research, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Am J Health Behav 33:760-8. 2009
    ..OBJEctive: To determine whether youths who have smoked cigarettes in the past 30 days perceive themselves as smokers...
  74. ncbi request reprint Improving the diagnostic criteria and procedures for chronic fatigue syndrome
    Caroline King
    Spinal Cord Injury Service 128, Hines VA Hospital, P O Box 5000, Hines, IL 60141 5128, USA
    Biol Psychol 68:87-106. 2005
    ..Results of the present study suggest that these three methods hold promise for improving the sensitivity, specificity, and reliability of the diagnostic criteria for CFS...
  75. ncbi request reprint Sex differences in social support and self-efficacy within a recovery community
    Margaret I Davis
    Psychology Department, Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA 17013, USA
    Am J Community Psychol 36:259-74. 2005
    ..Findings suggest that the process of gaining self-efficacy to remain abstinent is distinct for women and men, and that social support plays a different role in women's recovery than it does in men's...
  76. pmc Identification of ambiguities in the 1994 chronic fatigue syndrome research case definition and recommendations for resolution
    William C Reeves
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America
    BMC Health Serv Res 3:25. 2003
    ..Difficulties with accurate case ascertainment contribute to this ignorance...
  77. ncbi request reprint The influence of policy on the differential expansion of male and female self-run recovery settings
    Jordan M Braciszewski
    Wayne State University, Research Group on Homelessness and Poverty, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:51-62. 2006
    ..The implications of these findings in relation to the scarcity of recovery options for women are discussed...
  78. ncbi request reprint A collaborative action approach to researching substance abuse recovery
    Margaret I Davis
    Psychology Department, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania 17013, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 31:537-53. 2005
    ..We highlight a number of practical and theoretical issues that have been raised as we have strived to maintain a mutually beneficial alliance throughout the research endeavor...
  79. ncbi request reprint Women leadership in Oxford House: examining their strengths and challenges
    Margaret I Davis
    Dickinson College, Department of Psychology, Carlisle, PA 17013 2896, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:133-43. 2006
    ..The implications of the findings and how they may be useful to women's and mothers' with children houses are discussed...
  80. ncbi request reprint Medical care of individuals residing in substance abuse and recovery homes: an analysis of need and utilization
    Julie E Ponitz
    Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:95-110. 2006
    ..Potential implications for misuse of medical services (e.g., to obtain pharmaceutical drugs of use) and federal medical care expenditure allocation are discussed...
  81. pmc Strengthening communities' youth access policies may facilitate clean indoor air action
    Leonard A Jason
    Prev Chronic Dis 4:A113. 2007
  82. ncbi request reprint Structural social support: impact on adult substance use and recovery attempts
    Kerri L Kim
    University of Kansas, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:85-94. 2006
    ..Children were the sole relationship type that affected both substance use and recovery attempts in a positive nature, suggesting that children may have a beneficial impact on reducing...
  83. ncbi request reprint Stress and coping: the roles of ethnicity and gender in substance abuse recovery
    Justin T Brown
    City University of New York, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:75-84. 2006
    ..With respect to ethnicity, African-Americans reported greater gains and losses in resources than European-Americans. Individuals with less time in an OH also reported having experienced more losses in the past 3 months...
  84. ncbi request reprint Cultivating and maintaining effective action research partnerships: the DePaul and Oxford House collaborative
    Margaret I Davis
    Dickinson College, Carlisle, PA 17013 2896, USA
    J Prev Interv Community 31:3-12. 2006
    ....
  85. ncbi request reprint It is premature to abandon youth access to tobacco programs
    Leonard A Jason
    Pediatrics 111:920-1; author reply 920-1. 2003
  86. ncbi request reprint Fatigue: case definition and guidelines for collection, analysis, and presentation of immunization safety data
    James F Jones
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Vaccine 25:5685-96. 2007
  87. ncbi request reprint Factors influencing middle and high schools' active parental consent return rates
    Peter Y Ji
    University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
    Eval Rev 28:578-91. 2004
    ..Implications for how researchers can obtain a high parent consent form return rate are discussed...

Research Grants30

  1. ACTIVITY INTERVENTION FOR CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME
    LEONARD JASON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ....
  2. AN EVALUATION OF THE OXFORD HOUSE MODEL
    LEONARD JASON; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This study would be the first longitudinal evaluation of Oxford Houses, and it would provide important information on the nature and role of the Oxford House experience on long-term sobriety among recovering alcoholics. ..
  3. THE EFFECTS OF LAWS ON YOUTH PREVALENCE
    LEONARD JASON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..If these predicted findings do emerge, they will have an important influence on the ways in which public policy officials and community members consider interventions directed at lowering rates of smoking among their youth. ..
  4. ABSTINENT SOCIAL SUPPORT IN OXFORD HOUSE
    LEONARD JASON; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..e., abstinence status, reduction in symptoms, and quantity of use); and, 2) to examine whether changes in the degree of abstinence support received, moderated by social investment, promote these increases in self-efficacy. ..
  5. Evaluating Alternative Aftercare Models for Ex-Offenders
    LEONARD JASON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..e., substance use, criminal and health outcomes), and economic factors associated with these models. Research findings from a study that contrasts these different approaches has the potential of influencing practice and informing policy. ..
  6. Risk Factrors Associated with CFS and CF Prognosis
    LEONARD JASON; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  7. Evaluating a Bilingual Voluntary Community-Based Healthcare Organization
    Leonard A Jason; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..An experimental design will analyze whether English-language dominant Hispanics with higher vs. lower American acculturation will have better outcomes in Traditional Oxford House aftercare. ..
  8. Evaluating Alternative Aftercare Models for Ex-Offenders
    Leonard A Jason; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..substance use, criminal and health outcomes), and economic factors associated with these models. Research findings from a study that contrasts these different approaches has the potential of influencing practice and informing policy. ..