Carolyn Emily Schwartz

Summary

Affiliation: DeltaQuest Foundation
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Early intervention in planning end-of-life care with ambulatory geriatric patients: results of a pilot trial
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01742, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1611-8. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Measuring patient treatment preferences in end-of-life care research: applications for advance care planning interventions and response shift research
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    QualityMetric Incorporated, Lincoln, Rhode Island, USA
    J Palliat Med 7:233-45. 2004
  3. doi request reprint Fluctuations in appraisal over time in the context of stable versus non-stable health
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, 31 Mitchell Road, Concord, MA, 01742, USA
    Qual Life Res 23:9-19. 2014
  4. doi request reprint Cognitive reserve and symptom experience in multiple sclerosis: a buffer to disability progression over time?
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, MA Departments of Medicine and Orthopaedic Surgery, Tufts University Medical School, Boston, MA Electronic address
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 94:1971-81. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Guidelines for secondary analysis in search of response shift
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, 31 Mitchell Road, Concord, MA, 01742, USA
    Qual Life Res 22:2663-73. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Changing values, changing outcomes: the influence of reprioritization response shift on outcome assessment after spine surgery
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, 31 Mitchell Road, Concord, MA, 01742, USA
    Qual Life Res 22:2255-64. 2013
  7. doi request reprint Cognitive reserve and patient-reported outcomes in multiple sclerosis
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, USA
    Mult Scler 19:87-105. 2013
  8. doi request reprint The symptom inventory disability-specific short forms for multiple sclerosis: reliability and factor structure
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 93:1629-1636.e2. 2012
  9. doi request reprint The symptom inventory disability-specific short forms for multiple sclerosis: construct validity, responsiveness, and interpretation
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 93:1617-1628.e1. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Understanding appraisal processes underlying the thentest: a mixed methods investigation
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, 31 Mitchell Road, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Qual Life Res 21:381-8. 2012

Research Grants

  1. Functional Health CAT in Diabetes
    Carolyn Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2004

Detail Information

Publications32

  1. ncbi request reprint Early intervention in planning end-of-life care with ambulatory geriatric patients: results of a pilot trial
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01742, USA
    Arch Intern Med 162:1611-8. 2002
    ..This article describes a randomized trial to evaluate the short-term clinical utility of early ACP. We also assessed the feasibility of performing a larger prospective study to document long-term outcomes...
  2. ncbi request reprint Measuring patient treatment preferences in end-of-life care research: applications for advance care planning interventions and response shift research
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    QualityMetric Incorporated, Lincoln, Rhode Island, USA
    J Palliat Med 7:233-45. 2004
    ..Clinical applications of the tool are discussed...
  3. doi request reprint Fluctuations in appraisal over time in the context of stable versus non-stable health
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, 31 Mitchell Road, Concord, MA, 01742, USA
    Qual Life Res 23:9-19. 2014
    ..This estimation is important for enabling valid interpretation of longitudinal change, both in terms of ensuring the comparison of scores and for response shift estimation...
  4. doi request reprint Cognitive reserve and symptom experience in multiple sclerosis: a buffer to disability progression over time?
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, MA Departments of Medicine and Orthopaedic Surgery, Tufts University Medical School, Boston, MA Electronic address
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 94:1971-81. 2013
    ..To investigate the possible buffering effect of cognitive reserve on symptom experience for multiple sclerosis (MS) disease course...
  5. doi request reprint Guidelines for secondary analysis in search of response shift
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, 31 Mitchell Road, Concord, MA, 01742, USA
    Qual Life Res 22:2663-73. 2013
    ..Based on our experience with a number of secondary analyses, we propose guidelines for the optimal implementation of secondary analysis for detecting response shift...
  6. doi request reprint Changing values, changing outcomes: the influence of reprioritization response shift on outcome assessment after spine surgery
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, 31 Mitchell Road, Concord, MA, 01742, USA
    Qual Life Res 22:2255-64. 2013
    ..We investigated the presence of changing values (reprioritization response shift) in a longitudinal cohort of spine surgery patients...
  7. doi request reprint Cognitive reserve and patient-reported outcomes in multiple sclerosis
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, USA
    Mult Scler 19:87-105. 2013
    ..Adaptation and compensation in the face of changing pathology may be better understood by considering the concept of cognitive reserve, which may protect against disability in multiple sclerosis (MS)...
  8. doi request reprint The symptom inventory disability-specific short forms for multiple sclerosis: reliability and factor structure
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 93:1629-1636.e2. 2012
    ....
  9. doi request reprint The symptom inventory disability-specific short forms for multiple sclerosis: construct validity, responsiveness, and interpretation
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 93:1617-1628.e1. 2012
    ....
  10. doi request reprint Understanding appraisal processes underlying the thentest: a mixed methods investigation
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, 31 Mitchell Road, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Qual Life Res 21:381-8. 2012
    ..Mixed methods investigated the cognitive processes reflected in retrospective pretest (thentest) discrepancy scores [i.e., recalibration response shift (RS)]...
  11. pmc Reflections on changeability versus stability of health-related quality of life: distinguishing between its environmental and genetic components
    Mirjam A G Sprangers
    Department of Medical Psychology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 15, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 6:89. 2008
    ..Distinguishing between those aspects that are amenable to change from those that are relatively fixed and stable will help better target specific support interventions...
  12. doi request reprint Applications of response shift theory and methods to participation measurement: a brief history of a young field
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation Inc, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 91:S38-43. 2010
    ..We then discuss the evidence for the clinical significance of response shift phenomena and describe current design, statistical, and individualized approaches for detecting response shift phenomena...
  13. doi request reprint Guidelines for improving the stringency of response shift research using the thentest
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, MA, USA
    Qual Life Res 19:455-64. 2010
    ..Our objective is to provide guidelines for the optimal use of the thentest approach for detecting recalibration response shift...
  14. doi request reprint Reflections on genes and sustainable change: toward a trait and state conceptualization of response shift
    Carolyn Emily Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, 31 Mitchell Road, Concord, MA, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 62:1118-23. 2009
    ..This article discusses recent advances in research on adaptation, positive psychology, and genetics, and how these advances apply to response shift in health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) research...
  15. doi request reprint Understanding inconsistencies in patient-reported outcomes after spine treatment: response shift phenomena
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Spine J 9:1039-45. 2009
    ..These "response shifts" may obfuscate relevant changes of interest to clinicians and are meaningful and worthy of study in and of themselves...
  16. pmc Prospective evaluation of chronic pain associated with posterior autologous iliac crest bone graft harvest and its effect on postoperative outcome
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    Department of Orthopedics, New England Baptist Hospital, Boston, Masschusetts, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 7:49. 2009
    ..We thus aimed to investigate the long-term complications of ICBG. Our second aim was to evaluate the psychometric properties of a new measure of ICBG morbidity that would be useful for appropriately gauging spinal surgery outcomes...
  17. doi request reprint Response shift in patients with multiple sclerosis: an application of three statistical techniques
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, MA, USA
    Qual Life Res 20:1561-72. 2011
    ..This manuscript presents an overview of a cross-method validation done on the same patient sample...
  18. ncbi request reprint Response shift theory: important implications for measuring quality of life in people with disability
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation Inc, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Arch Phys Med Rehabil 88:529-36. 2007
    ..We then submit a set of suggested directions for future measurement development in populations with disabilities that consider these distinctions and extend their use in future measurement developments...
  19. ncbi request reprint The clinical significance of adaptation to changing health: a meta-analysis of response shift
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, Inc, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Qual Life Res 15:1533-50. 2006
    ..To fill this gap in knowledge about response shift phenomena, we performed a meta-analysis on published QOL articles on response shift...
  20. ncbi request reprint Computerized adaptive testing of diabetes impact: a feasibility study of Hispanics and non-Hispanics in an active clinic population
    Carolyn Schwartz
    DeltaQuest Foundation, 31 Mitchell Road, Concord, MA 01742, USA
    Qual Life Res 15:1503-18. 2006
    ..The societal costs of diabetes provide an impetus for developing tools that can improve patient care and delay or prevent diabetes complications...
  21. ncbi request reprint Altruistic social interest behaviors are associated with better mental health
    Carolyn Schwartz
    Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA
    Psychosom Med 65:778-85. 2003
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Detecting attitudinal changes about death and dying as a result of end-of-life care curricula for medical undergraduates
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    QualityMetric Incorporated, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
    J Palliat Med 8:975-86. 2005
    ..There is heightened emphasis on teaching end-of-life (EOL) care in the medical school curriculum, but a relative paucity of tools focused on assessing key attitudinal changes due to curricula...
  23. ncbi request reprint Validation of a new measure of concept of a good death
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    Division of Preventive and Behavioral Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
    J Palliat Med 6:575-84. 2003
    ..The concept of a good death is central to end-of-life care research. Despite its importance and the high interest in the topic, there are few measures currently available for use in clinical research...
  24. ncbi request reprint Honing an advance care planning intervention using qualitative analysis: the Living Well interview
    Carolyn Schwartz
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
    J Palliat Med 6:593-603. 2003
    ..We conclude that this interview may improve access to hospice, and that generativity and essence are worthwhile themes for future research...
  25. pmc Reconsidering the psychometrics of quality of life assessment in light of response shift and appraisal
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    QualityMetric Incorporated, Waltham, MA, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 2:16. 2004
    ..Recommendations for integrating the assessment of appraisal into QOL research and clinical practice are discussed...
  26. ncbi request reprint Disease-related emotional distress of Hispanic and non-Hispanic type 2 diabetes patients
    Garry Welch
    Behavioral Medicine Research, Baystate Medical Center, 140 High Street, Room 2104, Springfield, MA 01199, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:541-7. 2007
    ..Little comparative research has been conducted on the emotional distress experienced by Hispanic patients living with type 2 diabetes...
  27. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of the Missoula-VITAS Quality of Life Index--revised: research tool or clinical tool?
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    QualityMetric Incorporated, Waltham, Massachusetts, USA
    J Palliat Med 8:121-35. 2005
    ..The measure has been used to assess QOL for hospice patients, and has been found to be somewhat complex to use and analyze...
  28. ncbi request reprint Development and testing of a new instrument for measuring concerns about dying in health care providers
    Kathleen M Mazor
    Department of Medicine, Meyers Primary Care Institute, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, USA
    Assessment 11:230-7. 2004
    ..The CAD has the advantage of being very brief and of explicitly assessing concerns about working with patients who are dying...
  29. pmc Toward a theoretical model of quality-of-life appraisal: Implications of findings from studies of response shift
    Bruce D Rapkin
    Department of Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA
    Health Qual Life Outcomes 2:14. 2004
    ....
  30. pmc Spouse abuse and alcohol problems among white, African American, and Hispanic U.S. Army soldiers
    Nicole S Bell
    Social Sectors Development Strategies, Inc, Natick, Massachusetts, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:1721-33. 2006
    ....
  31. ncbi request reprint The long-term impact of dialysis discontinuation on families
    Julie McCole Phillips
    Indian Health Service, Chinle Hospital, Chinle, Arizona, USA
    J Palliat Med 8:79-85. 2005
    ..Little is known about the long-term psychological impact of stopping life support treatments on surviving loved ones...
  32. ncbi request reprint An introduction to quality of life assessment in oncology: the value of measuring patient-reported outcomes
    Carolyn E Schwartz
    Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, USA
    Am J Manag Care 8:S550-9. 2002
    ....

Research Grants1

  1. Functional Health CAT in Diabetes
    Carolyn Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..