Lisa Schwartz

Summary

Affiliation: Dartmouth Medical School
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Changing disease definitions: implications for disease prevalence. Analysis of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    L M Schwartz
    Veterans Affairs Career Development Program, White River Junction, VT, USA
    Eff Clin Pract 2:76-85. 1999
  2. ncbi request reprint Media reporting on research presented at scientific meetings: more caution needed
    Steven Woloshin
    VA Outcomes Group, Dartmouth Medical School, White River Junction, VT, USA
    Med J Aust 184:576-80. 2006
  3. pmc The risk of death by age, sex, and smoking status in the United States: putting health risks in context
    Steven Woloshin
    The Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group 111B, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:845-53. 2008
  4. pmc US women's attitudes to false-positive mammography results and detection of ductal carcinoma in situ: cross-sectional survey
    L M Schwartz
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group 111B, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    West J Med 173:307-12. 2000
  5. pmc US women's attitudes to false positive mammography results and detection of ductal carcinoma in situ: cross sectional survey
    L M Schwartz
    Veterans Administration Outcomes Group 111B, Veterans Administration Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    BMJ 320:1635-40. 2000
  6. ncbi request reprint Can patients interpret health information? An assessment of the medical data interpretation test
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:290-300. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Symptoms and treatment burden of gastroesophageal reflux disease: validating the GERD assessment scales
    Jean Y Liu
    Department of Surgery, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:2058-64. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Screening for cervical cancer: will women accept less?
    Brenda E Sirovich
    VA Outcomes Group, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont 05009, USA
    Am J Med 118:151-8. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Advertising by academic medical centers
    Robin J Larson
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:645-51. 2005
  10. pmc The exaggerated relations between diet, body weight and mortality: the case for a categorical data approach
    H Gilbert Welch
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    CMAJ 172:891-5. 2005

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. ncbi request reprint Changing disease definitions: implications for disease prevalence. Analysis of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    L M Schwartz
    Veterans Affairs Career Development Program, White River Junction, VT, USA
    Eff Clin Pract 2:76-85. 1999
    ..In the hope of extending treatment benefits to patients with early disease, various professional societies have recommended changing several common disease definitions by lowering the threshold value for diagnosis...
  2. ncbi request reprint Media reporting on research presented at scientific meetings: more caution needed
    Steven Woloshin
    VA Outcomes Group, Dartmouth Medical School, White River Junction, VT, USA
    Med J Aust 184:576-80. 2006
    ..To examine media stories on research presented at scientific meetings to see if they reported basic study facts and cautions, and whether they were clear about the preliminary stage of the research...
  3. pmc The risk of death by age, sex, and smoking status in the United States: putting health risks in context
    Steven Woloshin
    The Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group 111B, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:845-53. 2008
    ..Unfortunately, this fundamental information is not readily available to patients or physicians. We created simple one-page charts that present the 10-year chance of dying from various causes according to age, sex, and smoking status...
  4. pmc US women's attitudes to false-positive mammography results and detection of ductal carcinoma in situ: cross-sectional survey
    L M Schwartz
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group 111B, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    West J Med 173:307-12. 2000
    ..To determine women's attitudes and knowledge of both false-positive mammography results and the detection of ductal carcinoma in situ after screening mammography...
  5. pmc US women's attitudes to false positive mammography results and detection of ductal carcinoma in situ: cross sectional survey
    L M Schwartz
    Veterans Administration Outcomes Group 111B, Veterans Administration Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    BMJ 320:1635-40. 2000
    ..To determine women's attitudes to and knowledge of both false positive mammography results and the detection of ductal carcinoma in situ after screening mammography...
  6. ncbi request reprint Can patients interpret health information? An assessment of the medical data interpretation test
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Med Decis Making 25:290-300. 2005
    ..To establish the reliability/validity of an 18-item test of patients' medical data interpretation skills...
  7. ncbi request reprint Symptoms and treatment burden of gastroesophageal reflux disease: validating the GERD assessment scales
    Jean Y Liu
    Department of Surgery, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT, USA
    Arch Intern Med 164:2058-64. 2004
    ..A comprehensive assessment instrument that measures the burden of both symptoms and treatment is needed to determine the optimal management of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and we developed such an instrument...
  8. ncbi request reprint Screening for cervical cancer: will women accept less?
    Brenda E Sirovich
    VA Outcomes Group, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont 05009, USA
    Am J Med 118:151-8. 2005
    ..We sought to describe the attitudes of women in the United States toward less intense screening, specifically, less frequent screening and eventual cessation of screening...
  9. ncbi request reprint Advertising by academic medical centers
    Robin J Larson
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:645-51. 2005
    ..We aimed to characterize advertising by the nation's top academic medical centers...
  10. pmc The exaggerated relations between diet, body weight and mortality: the case for a categorical data approach
    H Gilbert Welch
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    CMAJ 172:891-5. 2005
  11. ncbi request reprint Celebrity endorsements of cancer screening
    Robin J Larson
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:693-5. 2005
    ..At least one-fourth of respondents who had seen or heard a celebrity endorsement said that the endorsement made them more likely to undergo mammography (25%), PSA testing (31%), or sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy (37%)...
  12. ncbi request reprint Prostate-specific antigen levels in the United States: implications of various definitions for abnormal
    H Gilbert Welch
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 97:1132-7. 2005
    ..5 ng/mL. We examined the effect of this lower threshold on the number of American men who would be labeled abnormal by a single PSA test...
  13. pmc Skin biopsy rates and incidence of melanoma: population based ecological study
    H Gilbert Welch
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    BMJ 331:481. 2005
    ..To describe changes in skin biopsy rates and to determine their relation with changes in the incidence of melanoma...
  14. pmc Patients and medical statistics. Interest, confidence, and ability
    Steven Woloshin
    The VA Outcomes Group 111B, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:996-1000. 2005
    ..People are increasingly presented with medical statistics. There are no existing measures to assess their level of interest or confidence in using medical statistics...
  15. pmc Giving legs to restless legs: a case study of how the media helps make people sick
    Steven Woloshin
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, White River Junction, Vermont, USA
    PLoS Med 3:e170. 2006
  16. pmc Estimating the impact of adding C-reactive protein as a criterion for lipid lowering treatment in the United States
    Steven Woloshin
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 22:197-204. 2007
    ..There is growing interest in using C-reactive protein (CRP) levels to help select patients for lipid lowering therapy--although this practice is not yet supported by evidence of benefit in a randomized trial...
  17. ncbi request reprint The value of benefit data in direct-to-consumer drug ads
    Steven Woloshin
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, White River Junction, Vermont, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) . 2004
    ..Perceptions of drug effectiveness were much lower for ads that incorporated the benefit box than for ads that did not. Most people we interviewed want benefit data in drug ads, can understand these data, and are influenced by them...
  18. ncbi request reprint News media coverage of screening mammography for women in their 40s and tamoxifen for primary prevention of breast cancer
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    JAMA 287:3136-42. 2002
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Tobacco money: up in smoke?
    Steven Woloshin
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Lancet 359:2108-11. 2002
  20. ncbi request reprint Risk charts: putting cancer in context
    Steven Woloshin
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 94:799-804. 2002
  21. ncbi request reprint Screening men for prostate and colorectal cancer in the United States: does practice reflect the evidence?
    Brenda E Sirovich
    VA Outcomes Group, 111B, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    JAMA 289:1414-20. 2003
    ..If practice were evidence-based, PSA screening would be less common among men than colorectal cancer screening, a preventive service of broad acceptance and proven efficacy...
  22. ncbi request reprint Office visits and analgesic prescriptions for musculoskeletal pain in US: 1980 vs. 2000
    Margaret A Caudill-Slosberg
    VA Outcomes Group and VA Quality Scholars Program 11Q, Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Dartmouth Medical School, 215 North Main St, White River Junction, VT 05009 001, USA
    Pain 109:514-9. 2004
    ..In spite of the increased attention to pain treatment, there has not been an increase in office visits for musculoskeletal pain complaints. The threshold for prescribing NSAIDS and opioids, however, has dropped...
  23. ncbi request reprint Enthusiasm for cancer screening in the United States
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT, University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA
    JAMA 291:71-8. 2004
    ..Public health officials, physicians, and disease advocacy groups have worked hard to educate individuals living in the United States about the importance of cancer screening...
  24. ncbi request reprint The drug facts box: providing consumers with simple tabular data on drug benefit and harm
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Med Decis Making 27:655-62. 2007
    ..Requiring ads to include a table with data on drug benefits and side effects (derived from clinical trials) could help, provided that consumers understand such tabular information...
  25. ncbi request reprint Overstating the evidence for lung cancer screening: the International Early Lung Cancer Action Program (I-ELCAP) study
    H Gilbert Welch
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction VA Medical Center, 215 N Main St, VA Outcomes Group, 11B, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:2289-95. 2007
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Media coverage of scientific meetings: too much, too soon?
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    JAMA 287:2859-63. 2002
    ..We sought to describe news coverage of abstracts, characterize the research, and determine subsequent full publication in the medical literature...
  27. ncbi request reprint Choosing where to have major surgery: who makes the decision?
    Chad T Wilson
    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT, USA
    Arch Surg 142:242-6. 2007
    ..Efforts are under way to distribute hospital performance data directly to patients to inform their decisions about where to go for major surgery, but patients are not always involved in making the decision of where they will have surgery...
  28. ncbi request reprint The effectiveness of a primer to help people understand risk: two randomized trials in distinct populations
    Steven Woloshin
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, White River Junction, Vermont 05009, USA
    Ann Intern Med 146:256-65. 2007
    ..Although many studies document problems with understanding risk information, few assess ways to teach interpretation skills...
  29. ncbi request reprint Press releases by academic medical centers: not so academic?
    Steven Woloshin
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont 05009, USA
    Ann Intern Med 150:613-8. 2009
    ..The news media are often criticized for exaggerated coverage of weak science. Press releases, a source of information for many journalists, might be a source of those exaggerations...
  30. ncbi request reprint Press releases: translating research into news
    Steven Woloshin
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    JAMA 287:2856-8. 2002
    ..While medical journals strive to ensure accuracy and the acknowledgment of limitations in articles, press releases may not reflect these efforts...
  31. ncbi request reprint Marketing medicine to the public: a reader's guide
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT, USA
    JAMA 287:774-5. 2002
  32. ncbi request reprint Implications of expanding disease definitions: the case of osteoporosis
    M Brooke Herndon
    Dartmouth Medical School, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 26:1702-11. 2007
    ..6 million to 4.0 million among women ages 50-64 (at a net cost of at least $18 billion). Whether or not offering treatment to these additional women will reduce the number of hip fractures is unknown...
  33. pmc How do elderly patients decide where to go for major surgery? Telephone interview survey
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group 111B, VA Medical Center, 215 N Main Street, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    BMJ 331:821. 2005
    ..To learn how patients in Medicare, the US medical insurance programme that covers elderly patients, made decisions about where to undergo major surgery and how they would make future decisions...
  34. pmc Older patients perceptions of "unnecessary" tests and referrals: a national survey of Medicare beneficiaries
    M Brooke Herndon
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:1547-54. 2008
    ..Unnecessary exposure to medical interventions can harm patients. Many hope that generalist physicians can limit such unnecessary exposure...
  35. pmc Ratio measures in leading medical journals: structured review of accessibility of underlying absolute risks
    Lisa M Schwartz
    Veteran Affairs Outcomes Group, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    BMJ 333:1248. 2006
    ..To examine the accessibility of absolute risk in articles reporting ratio measures in leading medical journals...
  36. doi request reprint The sea of uncertainty surrounding ductal carcinoma in situ--the price of screening mammography
    H Gilbert Welch
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:228-9. 2008
  37. ncbi request reprint Association of aspirin use and hormone receptor status with breast cancer risk
    Steven Woloshin
    JAMA 292:1426-7; author reply 1427. 2004
  38. pmc Ramifications of screening for breast cancer: 1 in 4 cancers detected by mammography are pseudocancers
    H Gilbert Welch
    BMJ 332:727. 2006
  39. ncbi request reprint What's the rush? The dissemination and adoption of preliminary research results
    Steven Woloshin
    J Natl Cancer Inst 98:372-3. 2006
  40. ncbi request reprint Reducing the risk that patients get it wrong
    Steven Woloshin
    Gastroenterology 129:748-50. 2005
  41. ncbi request reprint Distribution of C-reactive protein values in the United States
    Steven Woloshin
    N Engl J Med 352:1611-3. 2005
  42. ncbi request reprint The media matter: a call for straightforward medical reporting
    Lisa M Schwartz
    Ann Intern Med 140:226-8. 2004
  43. pmc Making sense of risk information on the web
    Steven Woloshin
    BMJ 327:695-6. 2003
  44. ncbi request reprint A genetic risk factor for periodic limb movements in sleep
    Steven Woloshin
    N Engl J Med 358:427-8. 2008
  45. pmc On the prevention and treatment of exaggeration
    Lisa M Schwartz
    J Gen Intern Med 18:153-4. 2003
  46. pmc Participation in mammography screening
    Lisa M Schwartz
    BMJ 335:731-2. 2007
  47. ncbi request reprint Smoke-free movies: sense or censorship?
    Steven Woloshin
    Eff Clin Pract 5:29-30. 2002
  48. ncbi request reprint Late outcomes after laparoscopic surgery for gastroesophageal reflux
    Jean Y Liu
    Department of Surgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA
    Arch Surg 137:397-401. 2002
    ..Patients still have symptoms following laparoscopic antireflux surgery and require ongoing treatment...

Research Grants3

  1. Improving the Quality of News Reporting on Medicine
    Lisa Schwartz; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..abstract_text> ..