John D Birkmeyer

Summary

Affiliation: Dartmouth Medical School
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Hospital volume and surgical mortality in the United States
    John D Birkmeyer
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1128-37. 2002
  2. pmc Hospital volume, length of stay, and readmission rates in high-risk surgery
    Philip P Goodney
    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Ann Surg 238:161-7. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Surgical mortality as an indicator of hospital quality: the problem with small sample size
    Justin B Dimick
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    JAMA 292:847-51. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Do hospitals with low mortality rates in coronary artery bypass also perform well in valve replacement?
    Philip P Goodney
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, and Department of Surgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebananon, New Hampshire, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 76:1131-6; discussion 1136-7. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Should volume standards for cardiovascular surgery focus only on high-risk patients?
    Philip P Goodney
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Circulation 107:384-7. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint Adjusting surgical mortality rates for patient comorbidities: more harm than good?
    Emily V A Finlayson
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Surgery 132:787-94. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Is surgery getting safer? National trends in operative mortality
    Philip P Goodney
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 195:219-27. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Hospital volume and operative mortality in cancer surgery: a national study
    Emily V A Finlayson
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT, USA
    Arch Surg 138:721-5; discussion 726. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Trends in surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease: the effect of laparoscopic surgery on utilization
    Samuel R G Finlayson
    VA Outcomes Group 111B, VA Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Surgery 133:147-53. 2003
  10. pmc Surgeon specialty and operative mortality with lung resection
    Philip P Goodney
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont, USA
    Ann Surg 241:179-84. 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi request reprint Hospital volume and surgical mortality in the United States
    John D Birkmeyer
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    N Engl J Med 346:1128-37. 2002
    ..Although numerous studies suggest that there is an inverse relation between hospital volume of surgical procedures and surgical mortality, the relative importance of hospital volume in various surgical procedures is disputed...
  2. pmc Hospital volume, length of stay, and readmission rates in high-risk surgery
    Philip P Goodney
    Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Ann Surg 238:161-7. 2003
    ..Although payers are leading the most visible of these efforts, it is unknown whether volume standards will also reduce resource use...
  3. ncbi request reprint Surgical mortality as an indicator of hospital quality: the problem with small sample size
    Justin B Dimick
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    JAMA 292:847-51. 2004
    ..Surgical mortality rates are increasingly used to measure hospital quality. It is not clear, however, how many hospitals have sufficient caseloads to reliably identify quality problems...
  4. ncbi request reprint Do hospitals with low mortality rates in coronary artery bypass also perform well in valve replacement?
    Philip P Goodney
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, and Department of Surgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebananon, New Hampshire, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 76:1131-6; discussion 1136-7. 2003
    ..We sought to determine if a hospital's performance in CABG is correlated to its performance in heart valve replacement...
  5. ncbi request reprint Should volume standards for cardiovascular surgery focus only on high-risk patients?
    Philip P Goodney
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Circulation 107:384-7. 2003
    ..A recent analysis of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), however, suggests that volume-based referral initiatives should focus only on high-risk patients...
  6. ncbi request reprint Adjusting surgical mortality rates for patient comorbidities: more harm than good?
    Emily V A Finlayson
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Surgery 132:787-94. 2002
    ..When available, comorbidity information from prior hospitalizations may be more useful for risk adjustment...
  7. ncbi request reprint Is surgery getting safer? National trends in operative mortality
    Philip P Goodney
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 195:219-27. 2002
    ..Although mortality rates for some cardiovascular procedures seem to have declined, it is unclear whether other high-risk procedures are becoming safer over time...
  8. ncbi request reprint Hospital volume and operative mortality in cancer surgery: a national study
    Emily V A Finlayson
    Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT, USA
    Arch Surg 138:721-5; discussion 726. 2003
    ..Although initiatives to regionalize cancer surgery are already under way, the relative importance of volume in cancer surgery is disputed...
  9. ncbi request reprint Trends in surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease: the effect of laparoscopic surgery on utilization
    Samuel R G Finlayson
    VA Outcomes Group 111B, VA Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Surgery 133:147-53. 2003
    ..The degree to which laparoscopy may have lowered the threshold for elective anti-reflux surgery is unknown...
  10. pmc Surgeon specialty and operative mortality with lung resection
    Philip P Goodney
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont, USA
    Ann Surg 241:179-84. 2005
    ..We sought to examine the effect of subspecialty training on operative mortality following lung resection...
  11. ncbi request reprint Specialty training and mortality after esophageal cancer resection
    Justin B Dimick
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, Vermont 05009, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 80:282-6. 2005
    ..Surgeons with advanced training have lower mortality rates with some surgical procedures. The objective of the current study was to investigate the impact of thoracic surgery training on mortality rates of esophageal cancer resection...
  12. ncbi request reprint Effects of hospital volume on life expectancy after selected cancer operations in older adults: a decision analysis
    Emily V A Finlayson
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 196:410-7. 2003
    ..We sought to determine the overall effect of hospital volume on life expectancy after cancer surgery...
  13. pmc Are mortality rates for different operations related?: implications for measuring the quality of noncardiac surgery
    Justin B Dimick
    Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation M SCORE, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Care 44:774-8. 2006
    ..Statistical power can be improved by combining mortality data from multiple operations. We sought to determine whether this approach would still be useful in understanding performance with individual procedures...
  14. ncbi request reprint Regional availability of high-volume hospitals for major surgery
    Justin B Dimick
    Veterans Affairs VA Outcomes Group, VA Medical Center, Vermont, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) . 2004
    ..Other regions had enough cases but too many hospitals performing them. Although consolidation of surgical services may be feasible in some settings, volume-based referral strategies are impractical for many U.S. regions...
  15. ncbi request reprint Will electronic order entry reduce health care costs?
    Christian M Birkmeyer
    Department of Medicine, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, USA
    Eff Clin Pract 5:67-74. 2002
  16. ncbi request reprint National trends in utilization and in-hospital outcomes of bariatric surgery
    George Darby Pope
    Department of Surgery and Veterans Affairs Outcomes Group, VA Medical Center, White River Junction, VT, USA
    J Gastrointest Surg 6:855-60; discussion 861. 2002
    ..This trend was largely associated with an increase in the use of gastric bypass procedures...
  17. ncbi request reprint Determining an appropriate threshold for referral to surgery for gastroesophageal reflux disease
    Jean Y Liu
    Department of Surgery, VA Medical Center, White River Junction, VT, USA
    Surgery 133:5-12. 2003
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Short-term outcomes of laparoscopic and open ventral hernia repair: a meta-analysis
    Philip P Goodney
    VA Outcomes Group, Department of Veteran Affairs Medical Center, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    Arch Surg 137:1161-5. 2002
    ..For this reason, we performed a meta-analysis of studies comparing open and laparoscopic ventral (including incisional) hernia repair...
  19. pmc How do elderly patients decide where to go for major surgery? Telephone interview survey
    Lisa M Schwartz
    VA Outcomes Group 111B, VA Medical Center, 215 N Main Street, White River Junction, VT 05009, USA
    BMJ 331:821. 2005
    ..To learn how patients in Medicare, the US medical insurance programme that covers elderly patients, made decisions about where to undergo major surgery and how they would make future decisions...
  20. ncbi request reprint Strategies for improving surgical quality--should payers reward excellence or effort?
    Nancy J O Birkmeyer
    Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:864-70. 2006
  21. ncbi request reprint Opening of specialty cardiac hospitals and use of coronary revascularization in medicare beneficiaries
    Brahmajee K Nallamothu
    VA Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
    JAMA 297:962-8. 2007
    ..Although proponents argue that specialty cardiac hospitals provide high-quality cost-efficient care, strong financial incentives for physicians at these facilities could result in greater procedure utilization...
  22. doi request reprint Prioritizing quality improvement in general surgery
    Peter L Schilling
    Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 207:698-704. 2008
    ..In this context, we sought to describe the relative contribution of different procedures to overall morbidity, mortality, and excess length of stay in general surgery...
  23. ncbi request reprint The volume-performance relationship in esophagectomy
    Andrew C Chang
    Section of Thoracic Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
    Thorac Surg Clin 16:87-94. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Volume and process of care in high-risk cancer surgery
    John D Birkmeyer
    Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation M SCORE, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Cancer 106:2476-81. 2006
    ..The current study was conducted to examine relations between hospital volume, process of care, and operative mortality in cancer surgery...
  25. pmc Volume, process of care, and operative mortality for cystectomy for bladder cancer
    Brent K Hollenbeck
    Department of Urology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Urology 69:871-5. 2007
    ..However, the processes of care that mediate this effect are unknown. We sought to identify the processes that underlie the volume-outcome relationship for cystectomy...
  26. ncbi request reprint Misclassification of hospital volume with Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Medicare data
    Brent K Hollenbeck
    Department of Urology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Surg Innov 14:192-8. 2007
    ..Investigators should be cognizant of this bias and exercise caution when interpreting these relationships when using SEER-Medicare data alone...
  27. ncbi request reprint Hospital lymph node examination rates and survival after resection for colon cancer
    Sandra L Wong
    MS, 1500 E Medical Center Dr, 3310 CCC, Ann Arbor, MI 48109
    JAMA 298:2149-54. 2007
    ..The National Quality Forum and other organizations recently endorsed a 12-node minimum as a measure of hospital quality...
  28. ncbi request reprint Outcomes in octogenarians undergoing high-risk cancer operation: a national study
    Emily Finlayson
    Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 205:729-34. 2007
    ..Population-based data can provide more realistic estimates of the risks and benefits of operations in this group...
  29. doi request reprint Outcomes after transhiatal and transthoracic esophagectomy for cancer
    Andrew C Chang
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 85:424-9. 2008
    ..This study was performed to determine outcomes after transhiatal and transthoracic esophagectomy for patients undergoing resection nationwide...
  30. pmc Residual treatment disparities after oncology referral for rectal cancer
    Arden M Morris
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Dr, TC 5343, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0331, USA
    J Natl Cancer Inst 100:738-44. 2008
    ..We examined the hypothesis that the lower treatment rate for blacks is due to underreferral to medical and radiation oncologists...
  31. ncbi request reprint Ranking hospitals on surgical quality: does risk-adjustment always matter?
    Justin B Dimick
    Department of Surgery, Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48104, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 207:347-51. 2008
    ..We sought to evaluate the importance of risk-adjustment for two cardiac surgery report cards in New York and Pennsylvania...
  32. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status and surgical mortality in the elderly
    Nancy J O Birkmeyer
    Department of Surgery, Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Med Care 46:893-9. 2008
    ..Although racial disparities in the quality of surgical care are well described, the impact of socioeconomic status on operative mortality is relatively unexplored...
  33. pmc Race and surgical mortality in the United States
    F L Lucas
    Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Maine Medical Center, Portland, ME 04101, USA
    Ann Surg 243:281-6. 2006
    ..This study describes racial differences in postoperative mortality following 8 cardiovascular and cancer procedures and assesses possible explanations for these differences...
  34. ncbi request reprint Potential benefits of the new Leapfrog standards: effect of process and outcomes measures
    John D Birkmeyer
    Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48104, USA
    Surgery 135:569-75. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to estimate the potential benefits of these newly expanded standards...
  35. ncbi request reprint Do cancer centers designated by the National Cancer Institute have better surgical outcomes?
    Nancy J O Birkmeyer
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Cancer 103:435-41. 2005
    ..In the current study, the authors assessed whether patients at NCI cancer centers compared with patients at control hospitals had lower mortality rates after major cancer surgery...
  36. ncbi request reprint Surgeon volume and operative mortality in the United States
    John D Birkmeyer
    Department of Surgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    N Engl J Med 349:2117-27. 2003
    ..Although the relation between hospital volume and surgical mortality is well established, for most procedures, the relative importance of the experience of the operating surgeon is uncertain...
  37. ncbi request reprint Regionalization of high-risk surgery and implications for patient travel times
    John D Birkmeyer
    Department of Surgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    JAMA 290:2703-8. 2003
    ..However, such regionalization policies might cause unreasonable travel burdens for surgical patients...
  38. ncbi request reprint Improving the quality of minimally invasive surgery
    John D Birkmeyer
    Surg Innov 11:269-70. 2004
  39. pmc Operative mortality and procedure volume as predictors of subsequent hospital performance
    John D Birkmeyer
    Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, M SCORE, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Ann Surg 243:411-7. 2006
    ..Despite growing interest in evidence-based hospital referral for selected surgical procedures, there remains considerable debate about which measures should be used to identify high-quality providers...
  40. ncbi request reprint Measuring surgical quality: what's the role of provider volume?
    Justin B Dimick
    Center for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH, USA
    World J Surg 29:1217-21. 2005
    ..With increasing momentum from outside the profession of surgery, it is particularly important for surgeons to participate in making decisions regarding situations where volume may be an appropriate measure of quality...
  41. ncbi request reprint Will volume-based referral strategies reduce costs or just save lives?
    John D Birkmeyer
    Health Aff (Millwood) 21:234-41. 2002
    ..For these reasons, the primary argument for volume-based referral strategies should be improving quality, not reducing costs...
  42. ncbi request reprint Invited commentary: is it a mistake to focus on errors?
    John D Birkmeyer
    Section of General Surgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    Surgery 133:622-3. 2003
  43. ncbi request reprint Hospital lymph node counts and survival after radical cystectomy
    Brent K Hollenbeck
    Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA
    Cancer 112:806-12. 2008
    ..Despite growing calls for using lymph node counts as a hospital quality indicator, it has not been established that hospitals that obtain more lymph node have better outcomes...
  44. ncbi request reprint Should consumers trust hospital quality report cards?
    Emily V A Finlayson
    JAMA 287:3206; author reply 3207-8. 2002
  45. ncbi request reprint Measuring the quality of surgical care: structure, process, or outcomes?
    John D Birkmeyer
    Section of General Surgery, University of Michigan, 2920 Taubman Center, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0331, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 198:626-32. 2004
  46. ncbi request reprint Acute myocardial infarction and congestive heart failure outcomes at specialty cardiac hospitals
    Brahmajee K Nallamothu
    Health Services Research and Development Center of Excellence, Ann Arbor VA Medical Center, and Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA
    Circulation 116:2280-7. 2007
    ..Outcomes of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and congestive heart failure (CHF) at specialty cardiac hospitals are uncertain...
  47. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of hospitals performing bariatric surgery
    Nancy J O Birkmeyer
    JAMA 295:282-4. 2006
  48. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based screening and management of abdominal aortic aneurysm
    John D Birkmeyer
    Ann Intern Med 146:749-50. 2007
  49. ncbi request reprint Partnering with payers to improve surgical quality: the Michigan plan
    Nancy J O Birkmeyer
    Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Surgery 138:815-20. 2005
  50. ncbi request reprint Understanding surgeon performance and improving patient outcomes
    John D Birkmeyer
    J Clin Oncol 22:2765-6. 2004
  51. pmc Surgeon age and operative mortality in the United States
    Jennifer F Waljee
    University of Michigan, MI, USA
    Ann Surg 244:353-62. 2006
    ..Although recent studies suggest that physician age is inversely related to clinical performance in primary care, relationships between surgeon age and patient outcomes have not been examined systematically...
  52. ncbi request reprint Use of adjuvant radiotherapy at hospitals with and without on-site radiation services
    Sandra L Wong
    Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA wongsl umich edu
    Cancer 109:796-801. 2007
    ..However, relations between resource availability and utilization are relatively unexplored in cancer care, including perioperative adjuvant therapy...
  53. ncbi request reprint Life expectancy benefits of gastric bypass surgery
    G Darby Pope
    Department of Surgery, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA
    Surg Innov 13:265-73. 2006
    ..Relative to other major surgical procedures, gastric bypass for morbid obesity is associated with substantial gains in life expectancy. Long- term data from prospective studies are needed to confirm this finding...
  54. ncbi request reprint Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for esophageal carcinoma: a meta-analysis
    Sarah E Greer
    Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA
    Surgery 137:172-7. 2005
    ..The effectiveness in improving survival of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) in patients undergoing surgery for esophageal carcinoma remains unclear...
  55. pmc Hospital volume and late survival after cancer surgery
    John D Birkmeyer
    Michigan Surgical Collaborative for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Ann Surg 245:777-83. 2007
    ..Although hospital procedure volume is clearly related to operative mortality with many cancer procedures, its effect on late survival is not well characterized...
  56. ncbi request reprint Intensive care unit physician staffing: financial modeling of the Leapfrog standard
    Peter J Pronovost
    Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:1247-53. 2004
    ....
  57. ncbi request reprint Classifying cause of death after cancer surgery
    Jennifer F Waljee
    Department of Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA
    Surg Innov 13:274-9. 2006
    ..75, P < .005). Cause-specific mortality can be reliably and systematically measured after cancer surgery. Understanding variation in cause-specific mortality can inform future quality improvement efforts...