Rebecca J Stoltzfus

Summary

Affiliation: Cornell University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Iron deficiency: global prevalence and consequences
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 24:S99-103. 2003
  2. pmc Iron and malaria interactions: programmatic ways forward
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Adv Nutr 3:579-82. 2012
  3. pmc Neonatal erythropoiesis and subsequent anemia in HIV-positive and HIV-negative Zimbabwean babies during the first year of life: a longitudinal study
    Melissa F Miller
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 6:1. 2006
  4. doi request reprint Iron interventions for women and children in low-income countries
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Nutr 141:756S-762S. 2011
  5. ncbi request reprint Low dose daily iron supplementation improves iron status and appetite but not anemia, whereas quarterly anthelminthic treatment improves growth, appetite and anemia in Zanzibari preschool children
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY UNICEF, Zanzibar, Tanzania
    J Nutr 134:348-56. 2004
  6. doi request reprint Research needed to strengthen science and programs for the control of iron deficiency and its consequences in young children
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Nutr 138:2542-6. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Iron supplementation of young children: learning from the new evidence
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S572-84. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Adjusting for the acute phase response is essential to interpret iron status indicators among young Zanzibari children prone to chronic malaria and helminth infections
    Jacqueline K Kung'u
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Nutr 139:2124-31. 2009
  9. doi request reprint Complementary feeding messages that target cultural barriers enhance both the use of lipid-based nutrient supplements and underlying feeding practices to improve infant diets in rural Zimbabwe
    Keriann H Paul
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, 120 Savage Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 8:225-38. 2012
  10. ncbi request reprint World Health Organization infant and young child feeding indicators and their associations with child anthropometry: a synthesis of recent findings
    Andrew D Jones
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 10:1-17. 2014

Research Grants

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications59

  1. ncbi request reprint Iron deficiency: global prevalence and consequences
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 24:S99-103. 2003
    ..4% of the global burden. There is an urgent need to develop effective and sustainable interventions to control iron-deficiency anemia. This will likely not be achieved without substantial involvement of the private sector...
  2. pmc Iron and malaria interactions: programmatic ways forward
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Adv Nutr 3:579-82. 2012
    ..To stop all iron interventions in malaria-endemic areas is an unreasonable policy option. While research findings continue to increase our understanding, there are also programmatic ways forward with the knowledge at hand...
  3. pmc Neonatal erythropoiesis and subsequent anemia in HIV-positive and HIV-negative Zimbabwean babies during the first year of life: a longitudinal study
    Melissa F Miller
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 6:1. 2006
    ..Anemia is common in HIV infection and independently associated with disease progression and mortality. The pathophysiology of HIV-related anemia is not well understood especially in infancy...
  4. doi request reprint Iron interventions for women and children in low-income countries
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Nutr 141:756S-762S. 2011
    ..Successful implementation will require greater attention to antenatal care for pregnancy women and prioritization of iron-promoting actions (including iron supplementation and deworming) within that platform...
  5. ncbi request reprint Low dose daily iron supplementation improves iron status and appetite but not anemia, whereas quarterly anthelminthic treatment improves growth, appetite and anemia in Zanzibari preschool children
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY UNICEF, Zanzibar, Tanzania
    J Nutr 134:348-56. 2004
    ..We hypothesize that incident helminth infections may stimulate inflammatory immune responses in young children, with deleterious effects on protein metabolism and erythropoiesis...
  6. doi request reprint Research needed to strengthen science and programs for the control of iron deficiency and its consequences in young children
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Nutr 138:2542-6. 2008
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Iron supplementation of young children: learning from the new evidence
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:S572-84. 2007
    ..Operations research is needed to test this. We conclude with three options for maximizing the benefits and minimizing the risks of iron supplements...
  8. ncbi request reprint Adjusting for the acute phase response is essential to interpret iron status indicators among young Zanzibari children prone to chronic malaria and helminth infections
    Jacqueline K Kung'u
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Nutr 139:2124-31. 2009
    ..Reported recent fever alone cannot be used as a marker for the APR. Either AGP or CRP is useful for adjusting if only 1 APP can be measured. However, AGP best predicted the APR in this population...
  9. doi request reprint Complementary feeding messages that target cultural barriers enhance both the use of lipid-based nutrient supplements and underlying feeding practices to improve infant diets in rural Zimbabwe
    Keriann H Paul
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, 120 Savage Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 8:225-38. 2012
    ..05). While provision of LiNS was crucial to ensure adequate intakes of iron and zinc, educational messages that were barrier-specific and delivered directly to mothers were crucial to improving the underlying diet...
  10. ncbi request reprint World Health Organization infant and young child feeding indicators and their associations with child anthropometry: a synthesis of recent findings
    Andrew D Jones
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Matern Child Nutr 10:1-17. 2014
    ..However, additional measures of dietary quality and quantity may be necessary to understand how specific IYCF behaviours relate to child growth faltering. ..
  11. ncbi request reprint Chicken thigh, chicken liver, and iron-fortified wheat flour increase iron uptake in an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model
    Helena Pachon
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Nutr Res 28:851-8. 2008
    ..In the proportion of 3:1 fortified food:meat examined, meat increases the bioavailability of iron-fortified foods, but iron-fortified foods do not enhance total iron bioavailability when added to meat...
  12. pmc Bacterial populations in complementary foods and drinking-water in households with children aged 10-15 months in Zanzibar, Tanzania
    Jacqueline K Kung'u
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, 116 Savage Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853 6301, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 27:41-52. 2009
    ..001). It is, therefore, recommended that food safety concerns be addressed when improving complementary foods...
  13. ncbi request reprint Beyond food insecurity: how context can improve complementary feeding interventions
    Keriann H Paul
    Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 32:244-53. 2011
    ..The role of context has not been elaborated with respect to current recommendations for complementary feeding interventions, apart from a gross distinction based on food security...
  14. doi request reprint Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH), environmental enteropathy, nutrition, and early child development: making the links
    Francis M Ngure
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1308:118-28. 2014
    ..We propose the concept of baby WASH as an additional component of early childhood development programs. ..
  15. pmc Growth indices, anemia, and diet independently predict motor milestone acquisition of infants in south central Nepal
    Emily H Siegel
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    J Nutr 135:2840-4. 2005
    ..We conclude that growth, anemia, and diet are independently associated with delays in the onset of bipedal locomotion among young Nepali children...
  16. pmc Formative research on hygiene behaviors and geophagy among infants and young children and implications of exposure to fecal bacteria
    Francis M Ngure
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns, Baltimore, Maryland Zvitambo Project, Harare, Zimbabwe Centre for Pediatrics, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The Hygiene Centre, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 89:709-16. 2013
    ..Besides standard wash and nutrition interventions, infants in low-income communities should be protected from exploratory ingestion of chicken feces, soil, and geophagia for optimal child health and growth...
  17. ncbi request reprint Iron deficiency and physical growth predict attainment of walking but not crawling in poorly nourished Zanzibari infants
    Patricia K Kariger
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    J Nutr 135:814-9. 2005
    ..In this sample of poorly nourished infants, growth and anemia-iron status are significant predictors of walking, but not crawling...
  18. doi request reprint Early helminth infections are inversely related to anemia, malnutrition, and malaria and are not associated with inflammation in 6- to 23-month-old Zanzibari children
    Jacqueline K Kung'u
    Cornell University, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 81:1062-70. 2009
    ..63 [95% confidence interval: 0.49, 0.81]). Non-anemic, better nourished, or non-malaria-infected children may be more exploratory of their environments and therefore increase their exposure to soil-transmitted helminths...
  19. doi request reprint Homogenization, lyophilization or acid-extraction of meat products improves iron uptake from cereal-meat product combinations in an in vitro digestion/Caco-2 cell model
    Helena Pachon
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Br J Nutr 101:816-21. 2009
    ..03) in the liver-flour combination. Homogenization of beef and homogenization, lyophilization, or acid-extraction of chicken liver increases the enhancing effect of meat products on iron absorption in iron-fortified cereals...
  20. ncbi request reprint Deficits in cognitive function and achievement in Mexican first-graders with low blood lead concentrations
    Katarzyna Kordas
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Environ Res 100:371-86. 2006
    ..Together with other recent findings, these results add to the empirical base of support available for evaluating the adequacy of current screening guidelines and for motivating efforts at primary prevention of childhood lead exposure...
  21. ncbi request reprint Blood lead, anemia, and short stature are independently associated with cognitive performance in Mexican school children
    Katarzyna Kordas
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Nutr 134:363-71. 2004
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint New evidence of iron and zinc interplay at the enterocyte and neural tissues
    Katarzyna Kordas
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    J Nutr 134:1295-8. 2004
    ..We present an overview of iron and zinc absorption and function in neural tissue as one example of possible interactions...
  23. pmc Food chain mycotoxin exposure, gut health, and impaired growth: a conceptual framework
    Laura E Smith
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Adv Nutr 3:526-31. 2012
    ..We propose that future studies should address the role of mycotoxins in the pathogenesis of EE and evaluate interventions to limit mycotoxin exposure and reduce childhood stunting...
  24. pmc Growth in late infancy among HIV-exposed children in urban Haiti is associated with participation in a clinic-based infant feeding support intervention
    Rebecca A Heidkamp
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    J Nutr 142:774-80. 2012
    ..This is a promising intervention model that can be adapted and scaled-up to other HIV care contexts...
  25. pmc Geophagia is not associated with Trichuris or hookworm transmission in Zanzibar, Tanzania
    Sera L Young
    Cornell University, Division of Nutritional Sciences, International Nutrition, Savage Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:766-72. 2007
    ....
  26. doi request reprint Nutrition agenda setting, policy formulation and implementation: lessons from the Mainstreaming Nutrition Initiative
    David L Pelletier
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Health Policy Plan 27:19-31. 2012
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Acceptability and safety of novel infant porridges containing lyophilized meat powder and iron-fortified wheat flour
    Helena Pachon
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
    Food Nutr Bull 28:35-46. 2007
    ..Lyophilized meat powder with iron-fortified wheat flour can be used to produce an infant porridge with bioavailable iron, but its acceptability and safety are unknown...
  28. ncbi request reprint Iron and zinc supplementation does not improve parent or teacher ratings of behavior in first grade Mexican children exposed to lead
    Katarzyna Kordas
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Pediatr 147:632-9. 2005
    ..To determine the efficacy of iron and zinc supplementation on behavior ratings of lead-exposed children...
  29. ncbi request reprint Alpha 1-acid glycoprotein, hepcidin, C-reactive protein, and serum ferritin are correlated in anemic schoolchildren with Schistosoma haematobium
    Mohamed A Ayoya
    Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:1784-90. 2010
    ..The World Health Organization and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend the inclusion of indicators of iron status and inflammation in surveys assessing iron deficiency and/or anemia...
  30. ncbi request reprint Soy- and rice-based processed complementary food increases nutrient intakes in infants and is equally acceptable with or without added milk powder
    Keriann H Paul
    Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Nutr 138:1963-8. 2008
    ..However, TIPs uncovered new concerns of overconsumption and food safety. We found milk did not improve the acceptability of the soy-rice PCF and recommend TIPs as a useful tool for formative research of PCF interventions...
  31. pmc Association between anaemia during pregnancy and blood loss at and after delivery among women with vaginal births in Pemba Island, Zanzibar, Tanzania
    Justine A Kavle
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Health Popul Nutr 26:232-40. 2008
    ....
  32. doi request reprint The association between lead and micronutrient status, and children's sleep, classroom behavior, and activity
    Katarzyna Kordas
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA
    Arch Environ Occup Health 62:105-12. 2007
    ..Anemia was linked to more off-task behaviors, lower physical activity, earlier bedtime, and shorter sleep onset. Researchers should investigate these relationships further, using more sensitive measures...
  33. ncbi request reprint Interactions between nutrition and environmental exposures: effects on health outcomes in women and children
    Katarzyna Kordas
    Environmental Health Department, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA
    J Nutr 137:2794-7. 2007
    ..The aim was to encourage nutritionists to consider environmental exposures in nutrition research. This introductory article highlights examples of nutrient-toxicant interactions...
  34. ncbi request reprint Young Zanzibari children with iron deficiency, iron deficiency anemia, stunting, or malaria have lower motor activity scores and spend less time in locomotion
    Deanna K Olney
    Program in International and Community Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
    J Nutr 137:2756-62. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Maternal reports of sleep in 6-18 month-old infants from Nepal and Zanzibar: association with iron deficiency anemia and stunting
    Katarzyna Kordas
    Department of Environmental Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02215, United States
    Early Hum Dev 84:389-98. 2008
    ..They may also be fatigued more often, suggesting their sleep may be affected. It is unclear whether fatigue in these infants is due to poor nighttime sleep or if it is compensated for with frequent naps or longer sleep...
  36. pmc Effect of daily zinc supplementation on child mortality in southern Nepal: a community-based, cluster randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    James M Tielsch
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205 2013, USA
    Lancet 370:1230-9. 2007
    ..However, whether routine supplementation would decrease morbidity and mortality in populations with zinc deficiency is unclear. We assessed the effect of daily zinc supplementation on children in southern Nepal...
  37. ncbi request reprint Is the exclusion of children under 24 months from anthelmintic treatment justifiable?
    Antonio Montresor
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 96:197-9. 2002
    ..In light of the potential nutritional benefit achieved by regular deworming in this young age-group, the policy that excludes children aged < 24 months from treatment should be re-considered...
  38. ncbi request reprint Performance of the Haemoglobin Colour Scale in diagnosing severe and very severe anaemia
    Antonio Montresor
    World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland
    Trop Med Int Health 8:619-24. 2003
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Low-dose daily iron supplementation for 12 months does not increase the prevalence of malarial infection or density of parasites in young Zanzibari children
    Tsedal Mebrahtu
    Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 134:3037-41. 2004
    ..We conclude that in this environment of high malaria transmission, daily oral low-dose supplementation of iron for 12 mo did not affect the prevalence of malaria infection or parasite density...
  40. ncbi request reprint Interactive effects of iron and zinc on biochemical and functional outcomes in supplementation trials
    Christa Fischer Walker
    Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:5-12. 2005
    ..Further research is needed before health policies on joint supplementation programs can be established...
  41. ncbi request reprint Hemoglobin and ferritin are currently the most efficient indicators of population response to iron interventions: an analysis of nine randomized controlled trials
    Zuguo Mei
    Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Nutr 135:1974-80. 2005
    ..It is possible that the optimal indicator(s) may differ with age, sex, and pregnancy. There were too few trials in each age and sex group to allow us to explore this question...
  42. ncbi request reprint Effects of routine prophylactic supplementation with iron and folic acid on admission to hospital and mortality in preschool children in a high malaria transmission setting: community-based, randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    Sunil Sazawal
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 367:133-43. 2006
    ..However, there is concern that universal supplementation of children with iron and folic acid in areas of high malaria transmission might be harmful...
  43. pmc Effect of routine prophylactic supplementation with iron and folic acid on preschool child mortality in southern Nepal: community-based, cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled trial
    James M Tielsch
    Center for Human Nutrition and the Sight and Life Institute, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 367:144-52. 2006
    ..Supplementation with iron and folic acid alleviates severe anaemia and enhances neurodevelopment in deficient populations, but little is known about the risks of mortality and morbidity associated with supplementation...
  44. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of iron and/or zinc supplementation on cognitive performance of lead-exposed Mexican schoolchildren: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial
    Javier Alatorre Rico
    Department of Psychology, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
    Pediatrics 117:e518-27. 2006
    ..This study was designed to test the efficacy of iron and zinc supplementation for lowering blood lead concentrations and improving cognitive performance in schoolchildren who live in a lead-contaminated city...
  45. ncbi request reprint Effect of maternal and neonatal vitamin A supplementation and other postnatal factors on anemia in Zimbabwean infants: a prospective, randomized study
    Melissa F Miller
    Cancer Prevention Fellowship Program, Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:212-22. 2006
    ..Anemia is prevalent in infants in developing countries. Its etiology is multifactorial and includes vitamin A deficiency...
  46. pmc Arsenic exposure and cognitive performance in Mexican schoolchildren
    Jorge L Rosado
    School of Natural Sciences, Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Queretaro, Mexico
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1371-5. 2007
    ..Previous studies have suggested an effect of high arsenic concentration on cognitive and neurobehavioral function in humans...
  47. ncbi request reprint A comparison of methods for detecting the eggs of Ascaris, Trichuris, and hookworm in infant stool, and the epidemiology of infection in Zanzibari infants
    David Goodman
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:725-31. 2007
    ..4%, while at 10 and 11 months of age the mean prevalence was 43.4%. Village prevalence varied from 3.6% to 43.8%. Infant geohelminth infection can occur at a high prevalence, and what method is best depends on research specifics...
  48. ncbi request reprint Effect of zinc supplementation on mortality in children aged 1-48 months: a community-based randomised placebo-controlled trial
    Sunil Sazawal
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 369:927-34. 2007
    ..Our aim was to assess the effects of zinc supplementation on overall mortality in children in Pemba, Zanzibar...
  49. ncbi request reprint Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with severe anemia of pregnancy on Pemba Island, Zanzibar
    Tamer H Farag
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:541-8. 2007
    ..Further research is needed to establish causality because high worldwide prevalence means that even a small associated risk would be of public health significance...
  50. ncbi request reprint Combined iron and folic acid supplementation with or without zinc reduces time to walking unassisted among Zanzibari infants 5- to 11-mo old
    Deanna K Olney
    U S Department of Agriculture, ARS Western Human Nutrition Research Center, Davis, CA, USA
    J Nutr 136:2427-34. 2006
    ..There were no significant treatment effects on changes in HAZ or WAZ. The effects of treatment on time to walking may have been mediated by improvements in iron status or hemoglobin, but were not mediated through improvements in growth...
  51. ncbi request reprint Iron and/or zinc supplementation did not reduce blood lead concentrations in children in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial
    Jorge L Rosado
    Department of Psychology, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
    J Nutr 136:2378-83. 2006
    ..Zinc supplementation did not reduce PbBs independently of zinc nutritional status. Neither iron nor zinc can be recommended as the sole treatment for lead-exposed school children...
  52. ncbi request reprint Unexpectedly low prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among pregnant women on Pemba Island, Zanzibar
    Tamer H Farag
    Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins, University, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 101:915-22. 2007
    ..The reason for very low prevalence should be investigated further because the discovery of bacterial or dietary factors that limit infection in this population could have useful public health applications...
  53. ncbi request reprint Vitamin A and the nursing mother-infant dyad: evidence for intervention
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Adv Exp Med Biol 503:39-47. 2002
    ..In sum, the probable benefits of improving the vitamin A status of the breastfeeding mother and her baby are substantial, but to achieve these benefits, more aggressive interventions will be needed...
  54. ncbi request reprint Breastmilk erythropoietin and mother-to-child HIV transmission through breastmilk
    Melissa Miller
    Center for Human Nutrition, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Lancet 360:1246-8. 2002
    ..If our hypothesis is correct, EPO treatment for mother or baby, or both might help prevent transmission of HIV...
  55. ncbi request reprint Iron and ascorbic Acid: proposed fortification levels and recommended iron compounds
    Sean R Lynch
    Department of Internal Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, VA 23501, USA
    J Nutr 133:2978S-84S. 2003
    ..There is a need to develop alternative strategies for improving iron bioavailability in complementary foods because it may not be possible to preserve ascorbic acid activity in many of them...
  56. ncbi request reprint New evidence that iron supplementation during pregnancy improves birth weight: new scientific questions
    Kathleen M Rasmussen
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:673-4. 2003
  57. ncbi request reprint Total body iron in HIV-positive and HIV-negative Zimbabwean newborns strongly predicts anemia throughout infancy and is predicted by maternal hemoglobin concentration
    Melissa F Miller
    Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21211, USA
    J Nutr 133:3461-8. 2003
    ..Babies born with low birthweight or to mothers with low hemoglobin are born with less TBI, which confers a substantially greater risk of anemia from 3 to 12 mo of age...
  58. ncbi request reprint Measuring performance: a strategy to improve programs
    Rebecca J Stoltzfus
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    J Nutr 132:845S-8S. 2002
    ..To be useful, evaluation findings must be disseminated, usually to multiple audiences. This requires allocation of time and resources and attention to the needs of various stakeholders...
  59. ncbi request reprint Short-term effects of vitamin A and antimalarial treatment on erythropoiesis in severely anemic Zanzibari preschool children
    Sarah E Cusick
    Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:406-12. 2005
    ..Impaired erythropoietin production is one possible mechanism. Plasmodium falciparum malaria has been found to blunt erythropoietin production, whereas vitamin A stimulates erythropoietin production in vitro...

Research Grants1

  1. Heavy Metal Exposures in Women and Children, the Role of Nutrients
    Rebecca Stoltzfus; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The symposium will result in proceedings published in the Journal of Nutrition, one of the most widely read nutrition publications. ..