Michael I Posner

Summary

Affiliation: Cornell University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Developing mechanisms of self-regulation
    M I Posne
    Weill Medical College of Cornell University, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 12:427-41. 2000
  2. pmc Assessing the heritability of attentional networks
    J Fan
    Sackler Institute, Weill Medical College, Cornell University, New York, USA
    BMC Neurosci 2:14. 2001
  3. ncbi request reprint Mental chronometry in the study of individual and group differences
    Michael I Posner
    Sackler Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 24:968-76. 2002
  4. pmc Attentional mechanisms of borderline personality disorder
    Michael I Posner
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:16366-70. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint Brain imaging of attentional networks in normal and pathological states
    D Fernandez-Duque
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 23:74-93. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint Cognitive neuroscience: origins and promise
    M I Posner
    Department of Psychiatry, Sackler Institute, Weill Medical Center, Cornell University, New York, New York, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:873-89. 2000
  7. ncbi request reprint Attentional phenotypes for the analysis of higher mental function
    John Fossella
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10021, USA
    ScientificWorldJournal 2:217-23. 2002
  8. pmc Training, maturation, and genetic influences on the development of executive attention
    M Rosario Rueda
    Department of Psychology and Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:14931-6. 2005
  9. ncbi request reprint Development of attentional networks in childhood
    M Rosario Rueda
    Sackler Institute, Weill Medical College, New York, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:1029-40. 2004
  10. pmc Testing the behavioral interaction and integration of attentional networks
    Jin Fan
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1230, NY 10029, USA
    Brain Cogn 70:209-20. 2009

Detail Information

Publications41

  1. ncbi request reprint Developing mechanisms of self-regulation
    M I Posne
    Weill Medical College of Cornell University, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 12:427-41. 2000
    ..It remains a challenge for our society during the next millennium to obtain the information necessary to design systems that allow a successful balance to be realized by the largest possible number of children...
  2. pmc Assessing the heritability of attentional networks
    J Fan
    Sackler Institute, Weill Medical College, Cornell University, New York, USA
    BMC Neurosci 2:14. 2001
    ..In this small scale study, we ran 26 pairs of MZ and DZ twins in an effort to determine if any of these networks show sufficient evidence of heritability to warrant further exploration of their genetic basis...
  3. ncbi request reprint Mental chronometry in the study of individual and group differences
    Michael I Posner
    Sackler Institute and Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 24:968-76. 2002
    ....
  4. pmc Attentional mechanisms of borderline personality disorder
    Michael I Posner
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:16366-70. 2002
    ..The temperamentally matched group did not differ significantly from either group. A significant correlation was found between measures of the ability to control conflict in the reaction-time task and self-reported effortful control...
  5. ncbi request reprint Brain imaging of attentional networks in normal and pathological states
    D Fernandez-Duque
    Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, Toronto, Canada
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 23:74-93. 2001
    ..We consider the links between the etiology of the injury and changes in cognition and behavior and examine the role of brain imaging in the study of rehabilitation...
  6. ncbi request reprint Cognitive neuroscience: origins and promise
    M I Posner
    Department of Psychiatry, Sackler Institute, Weill Medical Center, Cornell University, New York, New York, USA
    Psychol Bull 126:873-89. 2000
    ..Cognitive neuroscience has the capability of influencing psychology in diverse areas from how children develop to how adults age; from how humans learn to how we imagine; from volitional control to psychopathologies...
  7. ncbi request reprint Attentional phenotypes for the analysis of higher mental function
    John Fossella
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY, 10021, USA
    ScientificWorldJournal 2:217-23. 2002
    ..These findings require replication and possible extension to other cognitive processes...
  8. pmc Training, maturation, and genetic influences on the development of executive attention
    M Rosario Rueda
    Department of Psychology and Institute of Molecular Biology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:14931-6. 2005
    ..Overall, our data suggest that the executive attention network appears to develop under strong genetic control, but that it is subject to educational interventions during development...
  9. ncbi request reprint Development of attentional networks in childhood
    M Rosario Rueda
    Sackler Institute, Weill Medical College, New York, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:1029-40. 2004
    ..A final experiment with forty 7-year-old children suggested that children like adults showed independence between the three networks under some conditions...
  10. pmc Testing the behavioral interaction and integration of attentional networks
    Jin Fan
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L Levy Place, Box 1230, NY 10029, USA
    Brain Cogn 70:209-20. 2009
    ..A valid orienting cue enhances but an invalid cue diminishes the ability of executive control to overcome conflict. The results support the hypothesis of functional integration and interaction of these brain networks...
  11. ncbi request reprint Cognitive and brain consequences of conflict
    Jin Fan
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York, 10021, USA
    Neuroimage 18:42-57. 2003
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint Failure of frontolimbic inhibitory function in the context of negative emotion in borderline personality disorder
    David Silbersweig
    Department of Psychiatry, Box 140, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:1832-41. 2007
    ..Such a finding would provide a plausible neural basis for the difficulty borderline patients have in modulating their behavior during negative emotional states and a potential marker for treatment interventions...
  13. ncbi request reprint The activation of attentional networks
    Jin Fan
    Laboratory of Neuroimaging, Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Neuroimage 26:471-9. 2005
    ..Overall, the fMRI results suggest that the functional contrasts within this single task differentially activate three separable anatomical networks related to the components of attention...
  14. pmc Control networks and neuromodulators of early development
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Dev Psychol 48:827-35. 2012
    ..We trace the attentional, emotional, and behavioral changes in early development related to this developmental change in regulative networks and their modulators...
  15. ncbi request reprint The relation of brain oscillations to attentional networks
    Jin Fan
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Neurosci 27:6197-206. 2007
    ..These data demonstrate that attention is not related to any single frequency band but that each network has a distinct oscillatory activity and time course...
  16. ncbi request reprint Attention genes
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Dev Sci 10:24-9. 2007
    ..We need to learn how genes and experience combine to influence the structure of neural networks and the efficiency with which they are exercised. Methods for addressing these issues are central to progress in the decade ahead...
  17. ncbi request reprint Parenting quality interacts with genetic variation in dopamine receptor D4 to influence temperament in early childhood
    Brad E Sheese
    University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 99403 1227, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 19:1039-46. 2007
    ..This study shows that genes influence the relation between parenting and temperament in ways that are important to normal development and psychopathology...
  18. pmc Mapping the genetic variation of executive attention onto brain activity
    Jin Fan
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:7406-11. 2003
    ..The results demonstrate how genetic differences among individuals can be linked to individual differences in neuromodulators and in the efficiency of the operation of an appropriate attentional network...
  19. ncbi request reprint An approach to the psychobiology of personality disorders
    Michael I Posner
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, USA
    Dev Psychopathol 15:1093-106. 2003
    ..We consider these implications in terms of a general approach to the study of personality development and its disorders...
  20. doi request reprint Functional MRI evidence for inefficient attentional control in adolescent chronic cannabis abuse
    Yalchin Abdullaev
    Child and Family Center, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97401, USA
    Behav Brain Res 215:45-57. 2010
    ..These results suggest that chronic cannabis users have less efficient executive attention in conflict resolution tasks, demanding more activation in the right prefrontal areas to resolve conflict...
  21. ncbi request reprint Neuroimaging and genetic associations of attentional and hypnotic processes
    Amir Raz
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, USA
    J Physiol Paris 99:483-91. 2006
    ..These results may explain individual differences in hypnotizability and propose new ideas for studying the influence of suggestion on neural systems...
  22. ncbi request reprint The anterior cingulate gyrus and the mechanism of self-regulation
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 1227, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 7:391-5. 2007
    ..The role of the midfrontal cortex in self-regulation allows us to consider both brain networks common to all people and network efficiency underlying individual differences in behavior...
  23. ncbi request reprint The functional integration of the anterior cingulate cortex during conflict processing
    Jin Fan
    Laboratory of Neuroimaging, Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Cereb Cortex 18:796-805. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that conflict processing is associated with the effective contribution of the RCZa to the neuronal activity of CCZ, as well as other cortical regions...
  24. ncbi request reprint Synaptogenesis and heritable aspects of executive attention
    John A Fossella
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA
    Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 9:178-83. 2003
    ..Strategies that unify the wealth of biochemical knowledge pertaining to synapse formation with the functional measures of brain structure and activity may lead to new insights in developmental cognitive psychology...
  25. pmc Assessing the molecular genetics of attention networks
    John Fossella
    Sackler Institute of Developmental Psychobiology, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, New York, New York 10021, USA
    BMC Neurosci 3:14. 2002
    ..g. attention) have been shown to be related to several anatomical networks. Recently, we have developed an Attention Network Test (ANT) that provides a separate measure for each of three anatomically defined attention networks...
  26. ncbi request reprint Influencing brain networks: implications for education
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:99-103. 2005
    ..The results obtained appear sufficient to propose research-based interventions that could prove useful in improving the ability of children to adjust to the school setting and to acquire skills like literacy and numeracy...
  27. ncbi request reprint Analyzing and shaping human attentional networks
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Neural Netw 19:1422-9. 2006
    ..Finally we indicate how training may aid in enhancing attentional networks. Our goal is to show the wide range of methods that can be used to suggest and analyze models of network function in the study of attention...
  28. ncbi request reprint See clearly: suggestion, hypnosis, attention, and visual acuity
    Amir Raz
    Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, Department of Psychiatry, New York 10032, USA
    Int J Clin Exp Hypn 52:159-87. 2004
    ..It seems likely that the small apparent influence of suggestion on visual acuity is mediated by changes in attention. The authors outline how attention can affect visual acuity...
  29. ncbi request reprint Posthypnotic suggestion and the modulation of Stroop interference under cycloplegia
    Amir Raz
    Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, White Plains, NY 10605, USA
    Conscious Cogn 12:332-46. 2003
    ..These data strengthen the view that Stroop interference is neither robust nor inevitable and support the hypothesis that posthypnotic suggestion may exert a top-down influence on neural processing...
  30. pmc Imaging attention networks
    Michael I Posner
    Dept of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA
    Neuroimage 61:450-6. 2012
    ..Together these developments have enhanced our understanding of attention and paved the way for significant applications to education, pathology and prevention of mental illness...
  31. pmc Hypnotic suggestion reduces conflict in the human brain
    Amir Raz
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:9978-83. 2005
    ..Our findings illuminate how suggestion affects cognitive control by modulating activity in specific brain areas, including early visual modules, and provide a more scientific account relating the neural effects of suggestion to placebo...
  32. ncbi request reprint Research on attention networks as a model for the integration of psychological science
    Michael I Posner
    Psychology Department, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon 97403 1291, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:1-23. 2007
    ..Use of a common network approach to psychological science may allow a foundation for predicting and understanding human behavior in its varied forms...
  33. ncbi request reprint Hypnotic suggestion and the modulation of Stroop interference
    Amir Raz
    Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Ave, Box 140, New York, NY 10021, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 59:1155-61. 2002
    ..Cognitive science has not fully exploited hypnosis and hypnotic suggestion as experimental tools. This study was designed to determine whether a hypnotic suggestion to hinder lexical processing could modulate the Stroop effect...
  34. pmc Timing the brain: mental chronometry as a tool in neuroscience
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology at the University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, USA
    PLoS Biol 3:e51. 2005
  35. ncbi request reprint Ecological nuances in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI): psychological stressors, posture, and hydrostatics
    Amir Raz
    MRI Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Box 74, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Neuroimage 25:1-7. 2005
    ..Recognizing the central role of fMRI in unraveling the neural mechanisms of cognition, we outline ways to address these limitations...
  36. pmc Brain states and hypnosis research
    Michael I Posner
    University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, United States
    Conscious Cogn 20:325-7. 2011
    ..Hypnosis seems to alter the brain state in a way which allows external input to dominate over internal goals. We examine how normal development may illuminate the hypnotic state...
  37. ncbi request reprint Genes and experience shape brain networks of conscious control
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Prog Brain Res 150:173-83. 2005
    ..Voluntary control is also important for the regulation of conscious input from the sensory environment. It seems likely that the same network involved in self-regulation is also crucial for focal attention to the sensory world...
  38. pmc Development of the time course for processing conflict: an event-related potentials study with 4 year olds and adults
    M Rosario Rueda
    Psychology Dept, University of Oregon, Eugene, USA
    BMC Neurosci 5:39. 2004
    ..Subjects performed a child-friendly flanker task while their brain activity was registered using a high-density electroencephalography system...
  39. ncbi request reprint Testing the efficiency and independence of attentional networks
    Jin Fan
    The Sackler Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Department of Psychiatry, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, 1300 York Avenue, Box 140, New York, NY 10002, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 14:340-7. 2002
    ..The ANT may also serve as an activation task for neuroimaging studies and as a phenotype for the study of the influence of genes on attentional networks...
  40. doi request reprint Measuring alertness
    Michael I Posner
    Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 1227, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1129:193-9. 2008
    ..Alertness as a function of one important attentional network is emphasized and methods to activate phasic and tonic alerting are reviewed and individual or group differences in the efficiency of network operations are discussed...
  41. ncbi request reprint Attention and adolescent tobacco use: A potential self-regulatory dynamic underlying nicotine addiction
    Theodore W Gardner
    Child and Family Center, University of Oregon, 195 West 12th Avenue, Eugene, OR 97401 3408, USA
    Addict Behav 31:531-6. 2006
    ..Future research requires repeated assessments of attention, affective states and tobacco use to clarify issues of temporal ordering...