G W Evans

Summary

Affiliation: Cornell University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc The built environment and mental health
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis and Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Urban Health 80:536-55. 2003
  2. ncbi request reprint The role of chaos in poverty and children's socioemotional adjustment
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:560-5. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Child development and the physical environment
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 4401, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 57:423-51. 2006
  4. ncbi request reprint Childhood poverty and health: cumulative risk exposure and stress dysregulation
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:953-7. 2007
  5. pmc Childhood poverty and blood pressure reactivity to and recovery from an acute stressor in late adolescence: the mediating role of family conflict
    Gary W Evans
    Departments of Design and Environmental Analysis, Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Psychosom Med 75:691-700. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Childhood poverty and young adults' allostatic load: the mediating role of childhood cumulative risk exposure
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca 14853, USA
    Psychol Sci 23:979-83. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Family income and childhood obesity in eight European cities: the mediating roles of neighborhood characteristics and physical activity
    Gary W Evans
    Departments of Design and Environmental Analysis and of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Soc Sci Med 75:477-81. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint Rail commuting duration and passenger stress
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Health Psychol 25:408-12. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Cumulative risk, maternal responsiveness, and allostatic load among young adolescents
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:341-51. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Income health inequalities among older persons: the mediating role of multiple risk exposures
    Gary W Evans
    Departments of Environmental Analysis and Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    J Aging Health 20:107-25. 2008

Detail Information

Publications28

  1. pmc The built environment and mental health
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis and Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    J Urban Health 80:536-55. 2003
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint The role of chaos in poverty and children's socioemotional adjustment
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:560-5. 2005
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Child development and the physical environment
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 4401, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 57:423-51. 2006
    ..Socioemotional, cognitive, motivation, and psychophysiological outcomes in children and youths are reviewed. Necessary methodological and conceptual advances are introduced as well...
  4. ncbi request reprint Childhood poverty and health: cumulative risk exposure and stress dysregulation
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:953-7. 2007
    ..e., during adolescence) did not affect these physiological stress outcomes. The effects of childhood poverty on stress dysregulation are largely explained by cumulative risk exposure accompanying childhood poverty...
  5. pmc Childhood poverty and blood pressure reactivity to and recovery from an acute stressor in late adolescence: the mediating role of family conflict
    Gary W Evans
    Departments of Design and Environmental Analysis, Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Psychosom Med 75:691-700. 2013
    ..Early experiences of stress could play a role in health inequalities. An important aspect of childhood poverty that has not received much attention is cardiovascular reactivity to and recovery from acute stressors...
  6. doi request reprint Childhood poverty and young adults' allostatic load: the mediating role of childhood cumulative risk exposure
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca 14853, USA
    Psychol Sci 23:979-83. 2012
    ..This, in turn, leads to elevated allostatic load. Multiple psychological, biological, and neurological pathways likely account for the social patterning of psychological and physical disease...
  7. doi request reprint Family income and childhood obesity in eight European cities: the mediating roles of neighborhood characteristics and physical activity
    Gary W Evans
    Departments of Design and Environmental Analysis and of Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Soc Sci Med 75:477-81. 2012
    ..Open green space was assessed by trained observers' ratings of the area surrounding the child's home. Limitations of the study and implications for better understanding of the ecological context of obesity are discussed...
  8. ncbi request reprint Rail commuting duration and passenger stress
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Health Psychol 25:408-12. 2006
    ..These effects were not moderated by gender. Commuting stress is an important and largely overlooked aspect of environmental health...
  9. ncbi request reprint Cumulative risk, maternal responsiveness, and allostatic load among young adolescents
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Dev Psychol 43:341-51. 2007
    ..Higher risk was associated with muted reactivity and slower, less efficient recovery in blood pressure. These dynamic cardiovascular effects occurred irrespective of maternal responsiveness...
  10. ncbi request reprint Income health inequalities among older persons: the mediating role of multiple risk exposures
    Gary W Evans
    Departments of Environmental Analysis and Human Development, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    J Aging Health 20:107-25. 2008
    ..We examine whether the pervasive income gradient in health among senior citizens can be explained in part by multiple risk exposure...
  11. pmc Childhood poverty, chronic stress, and adult working memory
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:6545-9. 2009
    ..Chronic stress is measured by allostatic load, a biological marker of cumulative wear and tear on the body that is caused by the mobilization of multiple physiological systems in response to chronic environmental demands...
  12. doi request reprint Multiple risk exposure as a potential explanatory mechanism for the socioeconomic status-health gradient
    Gary W Evans
    3M2061 Martha Van Rensselaer Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 1186:174-89. 2010
    ..Thus, the convergence of exposure to multiple physical and psychosocial risk factors accompanying disadvantage may account for a portion of SES gradients in health in both childhood and adulthood...
  13. doi request reprint Loosening the link between childhood poverty and adolescent smoking and obesity: the protective effects of social capital
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA
    Psychol Sci 22:3-7. 2011
    ..At-risk youth in communities with a relatively rich array of social capital did not smoke more or have greater excess body fat compared with their more affluent counterparts...
  14. doi request reprint Childhood cumulative risk and obesity: the mediating role of self-regulatory ability
    Gary W Evans
    Design and Environmental Analysis and Human Development, Human Ecology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Pediatrics 129:e68-73. 2012
    ..We tested whether early childhood risk exposures are related to weight gain in adolescence and evaluate an underlying mechanism, self-regulatory behavior, for the risk-obesity link...
  15. pmc Environmental justice, cumulative environmental risk, and health among low- and middle-income children in upstate New York
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:1942-4. 2004
    ..We documented inequitable, cumulative environmental risk exposure and health between predominantly White low-income and middle-income children residing in rural areas in upstate New York...
  16. ncbi request reprint Housing quality and mental health
    G W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 4401, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 68:526-30. 2000
    ..Possible underlying psychosocial processes for the housing quality-psychological distress link are discussed...
  17. ncbi request reprint Stress and open-office noise
    G W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 4401, USA
    J Appl Psychol 85:779-83. 2000
    ..Potential health consequences of long-term exposure to low-intensity office noise are discussed...
  18. ncbi request reprint Community noise exposure and stress in children
    G W Evans
    Design and Environmental Analysis, Human Developments, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 4401, USA
    J Acoust Soc Am 109:1023-7. 2001
    ..The results are discussed in the context of prior airport noise and nonauditory health studies. More behavioral and health research is needed on children with typical, day-to-day noise exposure...
  19. ncbi request reprint Socioeconomic status and health: the potential role of environmental risk exposure
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, College of Human Ecology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 23:303-31. 2002
    ..We conclude with a discussion of the research and policy implications of environmental justice, arguing that a particularly salient feature of poverty for health consequences is exposure to multiple environmental risk factors...
  20. ncbi request reprint Housing quality and psychological well-being among the elderly population
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 4401, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 57:P381-3. 2002
    ..g., income, gender), feel more attached to their home, which, in turn, appears to account for the relation between housing quality and positive affect...
  21. ncbi request reprint The environment of poverty: multiple stressor exposure, psychophysiological stress, and socioemotional adjustment
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Child Dev 73:1238-48. 2002
    ..Preliminary mediational analyses with cross-sectional data suggest that cumulative stressor exposure may partially account for the well-documented, elevated risk of socioemotional difficulties accompanying poverty...
  22. ncbi request reprint A multimethodological analysis of cumulative risk and allostatic load among rural children
    Gary W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 4401, USA
    Dev Psychol 39:924-33. 2003
    ..Prior cumulative risk research was further extended through demonstration of self-regulatory behavior problems and elevated learned helplessness...
  23. ncbi request reprint The environment of childhood poverty
    Gary W Evans
    Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
    Am Psychol 59:77-92. 2004
    ..Predominantly low-income schools and day care are inferior. The accumulation of multiple environmental risks rather than singular risk exposure may be an especially pathogenic aspect of childhood poverty...
  24. ncbi request reprint Chronic residential crowding and children's well-being: an ecological perspective
    G W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 4401, USA
    Child Dev 69:1514-23. 1998
    ..We then demonstrate that perceived parent-child conflict functions as an underlying, intervening process that largely accounts for several correlates of household crowding among children...
  25. pmc Early childhood poverty, cumulative risk exposure, and body mass index trajectories through young adulthood
    Nancy M Wells
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, College of Human Ecology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:2507-12. 2010
    ..We assessed whether cumulative risk exposure underlies the relation between early childhood poverty and body mass index (BMI) trajectories...
  26. ncbi request reprint Cross-cultural differences in tolerance for crowding: fact or fiction?
    G W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 4401, USA
    J Pers Soc Psychol 79:204-10. 2000
    ..These results hold independently of household income...
  27. ncbi request reprint Parental language and verbal responsiveness to children in crowded homes
    G W Evans
    Department of Design and Environmental Analysis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 4401, USA
    Dev Psychol 35:1020-3. 1999
    ..This mediational pathway is evident with statistical controls for socioeconomic status. This model may help explain prior findings showing a link between residential crowding and delayed cognitive development...
  28. pmc Vulnerability as a function of individual and group resources in cumulative risk assessment
    Peter L deFur
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:817-24. 2007
    ..However, vulnerability has received little specific attention in the risk assessment literature...