Carolyn L Westhoff

Summary

Affiliation: Columbia University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Quick start: novel oral contraceptive initiation method
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Contraception 66:141-5. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Quality of life following early medical or surgical abortion
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 67:41-7. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Changes in weight with depot medroxyprogesterone acetate subcutaneous injection 104 mg/0.65 mL
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    Contraception 75:261-7. 2007
  4. doi request reprint Predictors of noncompliance in an oral contraceptive clinical trial
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 85:465-9. 2012
  5. pmc Using changes in binding globulins to assess oral contraceptive compliance
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 87:176-81. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of a monophasic oral contraceptive containing nomegestrol acetate and 17β-estradiol: a randomized controlled trial
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 119:989-99. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Do new guidelines and technology make the routine pelvic examination obsolete?
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 20:5-10. 2011
  8. ncbi request reprint Ovarian suppression in normal-weight and obese women during oral contraceptive use: a randomized controlled trial
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 116:275-83. 2010
  9. pmc Pharmacokinetics of a combined oral contraceptive in obese and normal-weight women
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 81:474-80. 2010
  10. pmc Smoking and oral contraceptive continuation
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 79:375-8. 2009

Research Grants

  1. RCT of a Novel Oral Contraceptive Initiation Method
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2002
  2. RCT of a Novel Oral Contraceptive Initiation Method
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2003
  3. RCT of a Novel Oral Contraceptive Initiation Method
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
  4. Obesity, Oral Contraception and Ovarian Suppression
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2005
  5. Obesity, Oral Contraception and Ovarian Suppression
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2006
  6. Obesity, Oral Contraception and Ovarian Suppression
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications71

  1. ncbi request reprint Quick start: novel oral contraceptive initiation method
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Contraception 66:141-5. 2002
    ..8, 95% C.I. 1.1-7.3). Other factors associated with short-term continuation were: partner's knowledge of planned OC use, older age, and participant's agreement that she would be very unhappy about becoming pregnant in the next 6 months...
  2. ncbi request reprint Quality of life following early medical or surgical abortion
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 67:41-7. 2003
    ..Women choosing medical or surgical abortion report very similar quality of life improvements...
  3. ncbi request reprint Changes in weight with depot medroxyprogesterone acetate subcutaneous injection 104 mg/0.65 mL
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Goteborg, Sweden
    Contraception 75:261-7. 2007
    ..The study was conducted to assess the impact of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate subcutaneous injection 104 mg/0.65 mL (DMPA-SC 104) on body weight...
  4. doi request reprint Predictors of noncompliance in an oral contraceptive clinical trial
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 85:465-9. 2012
    ..This analysis was conducted to identify the participant characteristics associated with noncompliance in an oral contraceptive (OC) clinical trial...
  5. pmc Using changes in binding globulins to assess oral contraceptive compliance
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 87:176-81. 2013
    ..This analysis evaluated the usefulness of measuring increases in corticosteroid-, sex-hormone- and thyroxine-binding globulins (CBG, SHBG and TBG, respectively) as measures of OCP compliance...
  6. doi request reprint Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of a monophasic oral contraceptive containing nomegestrol acetate and 17β-estradiol: a randomized controlled trial
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 119:989-99. 2012
    ..To estimate the efficacy, cycle control, tolerability, and safety of a monophasic combined oral contraceptive containing nomegestrol acetate and 17β-estradiol (E2) in comparison with drospirenone and ethinyl E2...
  7. doi request reprint Do new guidelines and technology make the routine pelvic examination obsolete?
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 20:5-10. 2011
    ..Overuse of the pelvic examination contributes to high healthcare costs without any compensatory health benefit...
  8. ncbi request reprint Ovarian suppression in normal-weight and obese women during oral contraceptive use: a randomized controlled trial
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 116:275-83. 2010
    ..To assess ovarian suppression during oral contraceptive pill (OCP) use among normal-weight and obese women using two OCP doses...
  9. pmc Pharmacokinetics of a combined oral contraceptive in obese and normal-weight women
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 81:474-80. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to compare oral contraceptive (OC) pharmacokinetics (PK) in normal-weight [body mass index (BMI) 19.0-24.9] and obese (BMI 30.0-39.9) women...
  10. pmc Smoking and oral contraceptive continuation
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 79:375-8. 2009
    ..Smoking may be related to early discontinuation of oral contraceptives (OC)...
  11. ncbi request reprint Bleeding patterns after immediate initiation of an oral compared with a vaginal hormonal contraceptive
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 106:89-96. 2005
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint IUDs and colonization or infection with Actinomyces
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 75:S48-50. 2007
    ..In the absence of symptoms, women with Actinomyces-like organisms on a Pap test do not need antimicrobial treatment or IUD removal...
  13. pmc Oral contraceptive discontinuation: do side effects matter?
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center New York Presbyterian Hospital, and The Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 196:412.e1-6; discussion 412.e6-7. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to assess self-reported side effects in women after they received the oral contraceptive (OC) and to compare discontinuation rates, according to presence or absence of side effects...
  14. ncbi request reprint Tubal sterilization: focus on the U.S. experience
    C Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Fertil Steril 73:913-22. 2000
    ..To review the frequency, effectiveness, and clinical sequelae of tubal sterilization with a focus on the U.S. experience...
  15. ncbi request reprint Clinical practice. Emergency contraception
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York 10032, USA
    N Engl J Med 349:1830-5. 2003
  16. ncbi request reprint Depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate injection (Depo-Provera): a highly effective contraceptive option with proven long-term safety
    Carolyn Westhoff
    School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 68:75-87. 2003
    ..Common patient management issues, including effects on menstrual cycle, body weight and mood, are also addressed. Finally, this review provides recommendations for appropriate patient selection...
  17. ncbi request reprint Bleeding patterns after immediate vs. conventional oral contraceptive initiation: a randomized, controlled trial
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Fertil Steril 79:322-9. 2003
    ..To compare bleeding patterns after immediate vs. conventional oral contraceptive (OC) initiation...
  18. ncbi request reprint Oral contraceptive and benign ovarian tumors
    C Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and School of Public Health, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 152:242-6. 2000
    ..The risk reduction also was greater for women who had used OC for more than 24 months. Protection against benign ovarian tumors may be an additional noncontraceptive benefit of OC use...
  19. ncbi request reprint Predictors of ovarian follicle number
    C Westhoff
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Fertil Steril 74:624-8. 2000
    ..To identify factors associated with ovarian follicle density in women of reproductive age...
  20. ncbi request reprint Analgesia during at-home use of misoprostol as part of a medical abortion regimen
    C Westhoffa
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 630 West 168 St, New York, NY, USA
    Contraception 62:311-4. 2000
    ..Use of narcotic analgesics in these women undergoing medical abortion at home was more prevalent than use reported in previous studies where women underwent medical abortion in a clinical setting...
  21. pmc Contraceptive vaginal ring effectiveness is maintained during 6 weeks of use: a prospective study of normal BMI and obese women
    Monica Dragoman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Contraception 87:432-6. 2013
    ..This study is intended to confirm those results and to evaluate prolonged CVR use up to 42 days in both normal BMI and obese women...
  22. ncbi request reprint Low-dose levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol patch and pill: a randomized controlled trial
    Andrew M Kaunitz
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Florida the Columbus Center for Women s Health Research, Columbus, Ohio Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York the Jones Institute for Reproductive Medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California ARSTAT, Flemington, New Jersey and Agile Therapeutics, Inc, Princeton, New Jersey
    Obstet Gynecol 123:295-303. 2014
    ....
  23. pmc Weight and body composition changes during oral contraceptive use in obese and normal weight women
    Elizabeth R Mayeda
    1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 23:38-43. 2014
    ..Oral contraceptive (OC) use seems to have little effect on weight change in normal weight women. Most previous studies have excluded obese women, so the effect of OC use on weight change in obese women is unknown...
  24. pmc Pharmacokinetics and ovarian suppression during use of a contraceptive vaginal ring in normal-weight and obese women
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 207:39.e1-6. 2012
    ..Limited data indicate higher failure rates among obese contraceptive patch users. Data regarding contraceptive vaginal ring performance in obese women are needed...
  25. pmc Carbamazepine coadministration with an oral contraceptive: effects on steroid pharmacokinetics, ovulation, and bleeding
    Anne R Davis
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Epilepsia 52:243-7. 2011
    ..We sought to assess the pharmacodynamic effects of CBZ on breakthrough bleeding and ovulation during oral contraceptive (OC) use...
  26. pmc Matched-pairs analysis of ovarian suppression during oral vs. vaginal hormonal contraceptive use
    Kelsey A Petrie
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 84:e1-4. 2011
    ..This study was conducted to compare ovarian suppression during oral vs. vaginal hormonal contraceptive use. Secondary aims included comparison of endometrial thickness and bleeding patterns...
  27. ncbi request reprint Oral contraceptives for dysmenorrhea in adolescent girls: a randomized trial
    Anne Rachel Davis
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 106:97-104. 2005
    ..To assess whether a low-dose oral contraceptive (OC) is more effective than placebo treatment for dysmenorrhea pain in adolescents...
  28. doi request reprint Vaginal estrogen supplementation during Depo-Provera initiation: a randomized controlled trial
    Angela Dempsey
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA
    Contraception 82:250-5. 2010
    ..Irregular bleeding is often cited as the reason for discontinuation of depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) after the first injection. Estrogen supplementation during DMPA initiation may decrease bleeding and improve continuation...
  29. doi request reprint The acceptability of a self-lavaging device compared to pelvic examination for cervical cancer screening among low-income women
    Heidi E Jones
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 21:1275-81. 2012
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Does St. John's wort interfere with the antiandrogenic effect of oral contraceptive pills?
    Robin H Fogle
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility, Women s and Children s Hospital, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA
    Contraception 74:245-8. 2006
    ..We investigated whether the simultaneous use of SJW with OCPs resulted in elevated serum androgen levels with implications of impaired OCP treatment of hirsutism and acne...
  31. doi request reprint Prior pill experiences and current continuation among pill restarters
    Debra Kalmuss
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 40:138-43. 2008
    ..Discontinuation of oral contraceptives often puts women at risk for unintended pregnancies. Understanding why a woman discontinued pill use can provide insight into her risk of discontinuation if she restarts use...
  32. ncbi request reprint Self pregnancy testing in an urban family planning clinic: promising results for a new approach to contraceptive follow-up
    Christopher M Estes
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 77:40-3. 2008
    ..If women can perform home pregnancy tests (HPTs) to detect human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in urine, the need for this follow-up visit may be eliminated. This study assesses whether women can perform their own HPT...
  33. ncbi request reprint Contraception for the transplant patient
    Christopher M Estes
    Division of Preventive and Ambulatory Care, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Semin Perinatol 31:372-7. 2007
    ..Consultation with a gynecologist experienced with the provision of contraceptives to medically complicated patients is advised for all women of reproductive age who have received an organ transplant...
  34. ncbi request reprint Depo Now: preventing unintended pregnancies among adolescents and young adults
    Vaughn I Rickert
    Heilbrunn Department of Population and Family Health, Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Adolesc Health 40:22-8. 2007
    ..We examined whether Depo Now, as compared to initiating with a bridge method (pills, transdermal patch, or vaginal ring), resulted in greater DMPA continuation at six months...
  35. ncbi request reprint Measured and reported weight change for women using a vaginal contraceptive ring vs. a low-dose oral contraceptive
    Katharine J O'Connell
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 72:323-7. 2005
    ..We examined the difference between women's reported and measured baseline weights and looked at factors affecting perceived weight change...
  36. ncbi request reprint Self-treatment patterns among adolescent girls with dysmenorrhea
    Katharine O'Connell
    Columbia University Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 19:285-9. 2006
    ..To describe both non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic treatments used by adolescents with dysmenorrhea...
  37. ncbi request reprint Partner influence on early discontinuation of the pill in a predominantly Hispanic population
    Jennifer Kerns
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 35:256-60. 2003
    ..Although studies have examined U.S. pill users' patterns of discontinuation, little is known about pill discontinuation, and the effects of partner influence, among Hispanics...
  38. ncbi request reprint A 6-year experience with Pap smears in an urban adolescent practice: the scope and burden of abnormalities
    Karen Soren
    Departments of Pediatrics and Obstetrics Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, 622 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 22:217-22. 2009
    ..To determine the prevalence of cervical dysplasia and adherence to recommendations for referral/follow-up in a group of adolescent girls undergoing routine reproductive health care in a primary care setting...
  39. ncbi request reprint Bleeding patterns after misoprostol vs surgical treatment of early pregnancy failure: results from a randomized trial
    Anne R Davis
    Columbia University, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 622 West 168th St, PH 16 Room 80, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 196:31.e1-7. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe bleeding patterns after misoprostol or curettage for early pregnancy failure (EPF)...
  40. ncbi request reprint Predictors of acceptability of medication abortion
    Stephanie B Teal
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    Contraception 75:224-9. 2007
    ..We evaluated the sociodemographic and clinical factors, including expectations, associated with satisfaction with medication abortion...
  41. doi request reprint Comparison of serum markers for thrombophilia and autoimmune disease in reproductive age women with and without false positive rapid plasma reagin tests
    Yael Swica
    Gynuity Health Projects and Center for Family and Community Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Reprod Immunol 62:73-7. 2009
    ..Our objective was to assess the relationship between the false positive RPR and several established clinical and biological markers for thrombophilia and/or autoimmune disease...
  42. pmc A UPLC-MS/MS method for therapeutic drug monitoring of etonogestrel
    Tiffany Thomas
    Irving Institute for Clinical and Translational Research, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York and INHA University School of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea
    Ther Drug Monit 35:844-8. 2013
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Hormone levels before and after tubal sterilization
    Gwen P Gentile
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, State University of New York Downstate, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA
    Contraception 73:507-11. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether women experience significant luteal phase hormonal changes following interval tubal sterilization...
  44. doi request reprint Music as an auxiliary analgesic during first trimester surgical abortion: a randomized controlled trial
    Jacqueline M Guerrero
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California at Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA 92868, USA
    Contraception 86:157-62. 2012
    ..Music has served as an auxiliary analgesic in perioperative settings. This study evaluates the impact of intraoperative music added to routine pain control measures during first trimester surgical abortion...
  45. doi request reprint Body weight does not impact pregnancy rates during use of a low-dose extended-regimen 91-day oral contraceptive
    Carolyn L Westhoff
    Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 85:235-9. 2012
    ..This study evaluated the impact of weight on efficacy during use of an extended oral contraceptive (OC)...
  46. doi request reprint Predicting oral contraceptive continuation using the transtheoretical model of health behavior change
    Angela R Dempsey
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA
    Perspect Sex Reprod Health 43:23-9. 2011
    ..Improved continuation of oral contraceptive use may decrease the incidence of unintended pregnancy. Therefore, identifying predictors of continuation is important to informing targeted interventions...
  47. doi request reprint Effectiveness and safety of digoxin to induce fetal demise prior to second-trimester abortion
    Michael Molaei
    Parkmed Clinic, Inc, New York, NY 10017, USA
    Contraception 77:223-5. 2008
    ..The study was conducted to assess the effectiveness in inducing fetal demise through digoxin injection given 1 day prior to second-trimester pregnancy termination and to evaluate related maternal safety...
  48. ncbi request reprint Challenges of conducting a placebo-controlled trial for dysmenorrhea in adolescents
    Anne R Davis
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Adolesc Health 39:607-9. 2006
    ..Treatment discontinuation (11%) and loss to follow-up (1%) were lower than expected. The most common reason for nonenrollment was logistical issues (63%). Most participants remained abstinent...
  49. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of immediate initiation of depo medroxyprogesterone acetate contraceptive injection
    Rodlescia Sneed
    Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 71:99-103. 2005
    ..Factors associated with returning for repeat injection included satisfaction with DMPA, older age and finding it easy to return for the follow-up pregnancy test visit...
  50. doi request reprint Review of the vaginal contraceptive ring (NuvaRing)
    Noa a Shimoni
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, New York Presbyterian Hospital Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
    J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care 34:247-50. 2008
    ..Women may find that trying to insert the ring in the clinic will allay any concerns they have with regard to insertion and removal...
  51. ncbi request reprint Bone mineral density and DMPA
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Reprod Med 47:795-9. 2002
    ..In a risk:benefit evaluation, it is appropriate to consider any relationship between DMPA and changes in bone mineral density in the context of its established efficacy in pregnancy prevention...
  52. doi request reprint Structured contraceptive counseling--a randomized controlled trial
    Aileen M Langston
    Division of Family Planning and Preventive Services, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 81:362-7. 2010
    ..To evaluate the addition of structured contraceptive counseling to usual care on choice, initiation, and continuation of very effective contraception after uterine aspiration...
  53. ncbi request reprint Initiation of oral contraceptives using a quick start compared with a conventional start: a randomized controlled trial
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 109:1270-6. 2007
    ..To estimate whether young women taking the first pill on the day of prescription had higher continuation rates and lower pregnancy rates than women who waited until menses to start the oral contraceptive pill (OCP)...
  54. ncbi request reprint Immediate postabortion access to IUDs, implants and DMPA reduces repeat pregnancy within 1 year in a New York City practice
    Aileen M Langston
    Columbia University Medical Center and New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA
    Contraception 89:103-8. 2014
    ....
  55. pmc Validity and Reliability of Using a Self-Lavaging Device for Cytology and HPV Testing for Cervical Cancer Screening: Findings from a Pilot Study
    Heidi E Jones
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America Epidemiology and Biostatistics Program, City University of New York School of Public Health and Hunter College, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e82115. 2013
    ..66 (95% CI: 0.49, 0.84). Based on these preliminary findings, a larger study to estimate the performance of the Screener for co-testing cytology and HPV or for HPV testing with cytology triage is warranted...
  56. pmc The impact of an educational text message intervention on young urban women's knowledge of oral contraception
    Kelli Stidham Hall
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine Population Studies Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
    Contraception 87:449-54. 2013
    ..Oral contraceptive (OC) knowledge deficits may contribute to OC discontinuation. We examined the effect of an innovative educational intervention on young women's OC knowledge...
  57. doi request reprint The New York City mayoral abortion training initiative at public hospitals
    Maryam Guiahi
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Mailstop B198 2, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Contraception 86:577-82. 2012
    ..We set out to describe and understand the first-ever abortion training political initiative on the provision of abortion services and abortion residency training...
  58. ncbi request reprint Surrogate markers, emboldened and boxed warnings, and an expanding culture of misinformation: evidence-based clinical science should guide FDA decision making about product labeling
    Lee P Shulman
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Reproductive Genetics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
    Contraception 73:440-2. 2006
  59. pmc A high cholecystectomy rate in a cohort of Mexican American women who are postpartum at the time of oral contraceptive pill initiation
    Gretchen S Stuart
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7030, USA
    Contraception 76:357-9. 2007
    ..Opinions regarding the association between gallbladder disease and oral contraceptive (OCs) differ. The objective of this article is to quantify cholecystectomy rate among women initiating OCs...
  60. doi request reprint Real-world patterns of prescription refills for branded hormonal contraceptives: a reflection of contraceptive discontinuation
    Anita L Nelson
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine, Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, California 90509 2910, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 112:782-7. 2008
    ..The objective was to describe timely refills of hormonal contraceptive products among a large, geographically diverse population of U.S. women as an estimate of method continuation over time...
  61. ncbi request reprint Review of available contraceptives
    Carolyn Westhoff
    Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 38:S3. 2005
  62. doi request reprint Initiation of oral contraceptives--start now!
    Sharon M Edwards
    Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, New York 10029, USA
    J Adolesc Health 43:432-6. 2008
    ..We investigated whether immediate initiation of OCs would lead to improved continuation rates and therefore decreased pregnancy rates in adolescents aged 12-17 years...
  63. ncbi request reprint Acceptability and satisfaction using Quick Start with the contraceptive vaginal ring versus an oral contraceptive
    Julie E Schafer
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Contraception 73:488-92. 2006
    ..New delivery systems, including the vaginal ring, may be easier to use, but user acceptability and satisfaction with these new methods may be affected by women's experience with their bodies...
  64. ncbi request reprint Pharmacology of hormonal contraceptives and acne
    Katharine O'Connell
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    Cutis 81:8-12. 2008
    ....
  65. ncbi request reprint Causes of infertility as predictors of subsequent cancer risk
    Louise A Brinton
    National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland 20852 7234, USA
    Epidemiology 16:500-7. 2005
    ..Although studies have found elevated risks of certain cancers linked to infertility, the underlying reasons remain unclear...
  66. ncbi request reprint Uterine cancer after use of clomiphene citrate to induce ovulation
    Michelle D Althuis
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD 20892 7234, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:607-15. 2005
    ..52, 95% CI: 1.5, 108.0). Clomiphene may increase uterine cancer risk, with higher doses leading to higher risk. Long-term follow-up of infertility cohorts is necessary to clarify the association between clomiphene use and uterine cancer...
  67. ncbi request reprint Breast cancer risk associated with ovulation-stimulating drugs
    Louise A Brinton
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Hum Reprod 19:2005-13. 2004
    ..Despite the recognized role of hormones in the aetiology of breast cancer, there has been little evaluation of hormonal preparations used to treat infertility...
  68. ncbi request reprint Ovarian cancer risk associated with varying causes of infertility
    Louise A Brinton
    Hormonal and Reproductive Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Boulevard, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Fertil Steril 82:405-14. 2004
    ..To evaluate the risk of ovarian cancer as related to underlying causes of infertility...
  69. ncbi request reprint Melanoma, thyroid, cervical, and colon cancer risk after use of fertility drugs
    Michelle D Althuis
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:668-74. 2005
    ..This study was undertaken to evaluate melanoma, thyroid, colon, and cervical cancer risks after clomiphene or gonadotropins...
  70. ncbi request reprint Ovarian cancer risk after the use of ovulation-stimulating drugs
    Louise A Brinton
    Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, 6120 Executive Boulevard, Room 7068, Bethesda, MD 20852 7234, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 103:1194-203. 2004
    ..To assess the long-term effects of ovulation-stimulating drugs on the risk of ovarian cancer...
  71. ncbi request reprint Interaction of St. John's Wort with oral contraceptives: effects on the pharmacokinetics of norethindrone and ethinyl estradiol, ovarian activity and breakthrough bleeding
    Patricia A Murphy
    College of Nursing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 841112 5880, USA
    Contraception 71:402-8. 2005
    ..This study evaluated the effect of the herbal remedy St. John's Wort on oral contraceptive (OC) therapy with respect to the pharmacokinetics of norethindrone and ethinyl estradiol, ovarian activity and breakthrough bleeding...

Research Grants6

  1. RCT of a Novel Oral Contraceptive Initiation Method
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..We will also assess dual method use for STD prevention in the study to adoption of and adherence to oral contraceptives. We will also assess dual method use for STD prevention in the study population. ..
  2. RCT of a Novel Oral Contraceptive Initiation Method
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..We will also assess dual method use for STD prevention in the study to adoption of and adherence to oral contraceptives. We will also assess dual method use for STD prevention in the study population. ..
  3. RCT of a Novel Oral Contraceptive Initiation Method
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We will also assess dual method use for STD prevention in the study to adoption of and adherence to oral contraceptives. We will also assess dual method use for STD prevention in the study population. ..
  4. Obesity, Oral Contraception and Ovarian Suppression
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..This study will have very good power to detect clinically important differences. Results could directly and immediately affect contraceptive practice. ..
  5. Obesity, Oral Contraception and Ovarian Suppression
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..This study will have very good power to detect clinically important differences. Results could directly and immediately affect contraceptive practice. ..
  6. Obesity, Oral Contraception and Ovarian Suppression
    Carolyn Westhoff; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This study will have very good power to detect clinically important differences. Results could directly and immediately affect contraceptive practice. ..