Andrew E Skodol

Summary

Affiliation: Columbia University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Stability of functional impairment in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder over two years
    Andrew E Skodol
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Psychol Med 35:443-51. 2005
  2. pmc The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS): overview and implications
    Andrew E Skodol
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, NY 10032, USA
    J Pers Disord 19:487-504. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Why are women diagnosed borderline more than men?
    Andrew E Skodol
    Department of Personality Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 121, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Psychiatr Q 74:349-60. 2003
  4. pmc Effects of personality disorders on functioning and well-being in major depressive disorder
    Andrew E Skodol
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Psychiatr Pract 11:363-8. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Dimensional representations of DSM-IV personality disorders: relationships to functional impairment
    Andrew E Skodol
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 129, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1919-25. 2005
  6. pmc The impact of comorbid dysthymic disorder on outcome in personality disorders
    David J Hellerstein
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 51:449-57. 2010
  7. pmc Prospective assessment of treatment use by patients with personality disorders
    Donna S Bender
    Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 57:254-7. 2006
  8. doi request reprint Comorbid Axis I and Axis II disorders in early adolescence: outcomes 20 years later
    Thomas N Crawford
    Children in the Community Study, 100 Haven Ave, Ste 31F, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:641-8. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal effects of personality disorders on psychosocial functioning of patients with major depressive disorder
    John C Markowitz
    Department of Personality Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 68:186-93. 2007
  10. doi request reprint Cumulative prevalence of personality disorders between adolescence and adulthood
    Jeffrey G Johnson
    Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 118:410-3. 2008

Detail Information

Publications63

  1. pmc Stability of functional impairment in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder over two years
    Andrew E Skodol
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Psychol Med 35:443-51. 2005
    ....
  2. pmc The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS): overview and implications
    Andrew E Skodol
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, NY 10032, USA
    J Pers Disord 19:487-504. 2005
    ..Taken together, our results lead us to hypothesize that PDs may be reconceptualized as hybrids of stable personality traits and intermittently expressed symptomatic behaviors...
  3. ncbi request reprint Why are women diagnosed borderline more than men?
    Andrew E Skodol
    Department of Personality Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 121, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Psychiatr Q 74:349-60. 2003
    ..Biological and sociocultural factors provide potentially illuminating hypotheses, should the true prevalence of BPD differ by gender...
  4. pmc Effects of personality disorders on functioning and well-being in major depressive disorder
    Andrew E Skodol
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Psychiatr Pract 11:363-8. 2005
    ..Patients with depressive disorders have limitations in physical and emotional functioning comparable to patients with chronic medical conditions. Personality disorders (PDs) are also known to be associated with functional impairment...
  5. ncbi request reprint Dimensional representations of DSM-IV personality disorders: relationships to functional impairment
    Andrew E Skodol
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 129, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1919-25. 2005
    ..This study compared three-dimensional representations of DSM-IV personality disorders and standard categories with respect to their associations with psychosocial functioning...
  6. pmc The impact of comorbid dysthymic disorder on outcome in personality disorders
    David J Hellerstein
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 51:449-57. 2010
    ..The goal of our study was to investigate the impact of dysthymic disorder (DD), a form of chronic depression, on naturalistic outcome in individuals with personality disorders (PDs)...
  7. pmc Prospective assessment of treatment use by patients with personality disorders
    Donna S Bender
    Department of Psychiatry, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 57:254-7. 2006
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Comorbid Axis I and Axis II disorders in early adolescence: outcomes 20 years later
    Thomas N Crawford
    Children in the Community Study, 100 Haven Ave, Ste 31F, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:641-8. 2008
    ..Although Axis II personality disorders in adolescence have been linked to psychopathology and psychosocial impairment in early adulthood, little is known about their effects over longer periods...
  9. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal effects of personality disorders on psychosocial functioning of patients with major depressive disorder
    John C Markowitz
    Department of Personality Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 68:186-93. 2007
    ..This report describes the effects of persistent and remitting comorbid personality disorders on the depressive status and functioning of patients with major depressive disorder over the course of 2 years...
  10. doi request reprint Cumulative prevalence of personality disorders between adolescence and adulthood
    Jeffrey G Johnson
    Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 118:410-3. 2008
    ..To investigate the cumulative prevalence of personality disorder (PD) among adults in the community, based on prospective longitudinal data from a series of psychiatric interviews...
  11. pmc Positive childhood experiences: resilience and recovery from personality disorder in early adulthood
    Andrew E Skodol
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 68:1102-8. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the association between positive childhood experiences related to resiliency and remission from personality disorder...
  12. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal comparison of depressive personality disorder and dysthymic disorder
    John C Markowitz
    New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 46:239-45. 2005
    ..The authors attempted to replicate findings of Klein and Shih in longitudinally followed patients with personality disorder or major depressive disorder (MDD) in the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study...
  13. ncbi request reprint Comparison of attachment styles in borderline personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
    Cindy J Aaronson
    Department of Psychiatry, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA
    Psychiatr Q 77:69-80. 2006
    ..The findings may be relevant for understanding the core interpersonal psychopathology of BPD and for managing therapeutic relationships with these patients...
  14. pmc Sex differences in antisocial personality disorder: results from the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Analucia A Alegria
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Personal Disord 4:214-22. 2013
    ..67), they have higher rates of victimization, greater impairment, and lower social support. Our findings suggest increased mental health needs in women with ASPD, meriting development of different treatment programs for women and men...
  15. doi request reprint Clinical utility of five dimensional systems for personality diagnosis: a "consumer preference" study
    Robert L Spitzer
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:356-74. 2008
    ..A prototype matching approach to personality diagnosis deserves consideration for DSM-V...
  16. ncbi request reprint The borderline diagnosis II: biology, genetics, and clinical course
    Andrew E Skodol
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 51:951-63. 2002
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Borderline personality as a self-other representational disturbance
    Donna S Bender
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York State Psychiatric Institute, USA
    J Pers Disord 21:500-17. 2007
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Adverse outcomes associated with personality disorder not otherwise specified in a community sample
    Jeffrey G Johnson
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, Box 60, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:1926-32. 2005
    ....
  19. pmc Relationship of personality disorders to the course of major depressive disorder in a nationally representative sample
    Andrew E Skodol
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 168:257-64. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of specific personality disorder comorbidity on the course of major depressive disorder in a nationally representative sample...
  20. ncbi request reprint The risk for persistent adult alcohol and nicotine dependence: the role of childhood maltreatment
    Jennifer C Elliott
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Addiction 109:842-50. 2014
    ..The risk for alcohol and nicotine dependence is increased by childhood maltreatment. However, the influence of childhood maltreatment on dependence course is unknown, and is evaluated in the current study...
  21. ncbi request reprint Representations of therapists by patients with personality disorders
    Donna S Bender
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, NY, USA
    Am J Psychother 57:219-36. 2003
    ..The importance of understanding the internal dynamics of patients' thoughts about their treatment relationship was underscored...
  22. ncbi request reprint Interpersonal psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder: possible mechanisms of change
    John C Markowitz
    Department of Personality Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY10032, USA
    J Clin Psychol 62:431-44. 2006
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Childhood maltreatment and personality disorders in the USA: Specificity of effects and the impact of gender
    Rachel Waxman
    New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, 10032, USA
    Personal Ment Health 8:30-41. 2014
    ..Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. ..
  24. ncbi request reprint The borderline diagnosis I: psychopathology, comorbidity, and personality structure
    Andrew E Skodol
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 51:936-50. 2002
    ..Although there are a number of competing models of personality structure, they have remarkable convergence on a set of three to five basic personality dimensions...
  25. ncbi request reprint Differential impairment as an indicator of sex bias in DSM-IV criteria for four personality disorders
    Christina D Boggs
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, USA
    Psychol Assess 17:492-6. 2005
    ..The results suggest that most of the diagnostic criteria examined do not seem to display sex bias. However, those criteria that displayed evidence of bias came largely from the borderline diagnosis...
  26. ncbi request reprint Predictors of 2-year outcome for patients with borderline personality disorder
    John G Gunderson
    McLean Hospital, 155 Mill St, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 163:822-6. 2006
    ..The primary purpose of this report was to investigate whether characteristics of subjects with borderline personality disorder observed at baseline can predict variations in outcome at the 2-year follow-up...
  27. ncbi request reprint Descriptive and longitudinal observations on the relationship of borderline personality disorder and bipolar disorder
    John G Gunderson
    McLean Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Belmont, MA
    Am J Psychiatry 163:1173-8. 2006
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Comparison of alternative models for personality disorders
    Leslie C Morey
    Psychology Department, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4235, USA
    Psychol Med 37:983-94. 2007
    ..The categorical classification system for personality disorder (PD) has been frequently criticized and several alternative dimensional models have been proposed...
  29. ncbi request reprint Five-factor model personality traits associated with alcohol-related diagnoses in a clinical sample
    Christopher J Hopwood
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4235, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:455-60. 2007
    ..The purpose of this article was to examine the specificity of previously observed trait/alcohol relations and the temporal relations of trait elevations and alcohol problems...
  30. ncbi request reprint Personality traits predict current and future functioning comparably for individuals with major depressive and personality disorders
    Christopher J Hopwood
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 195:266-9. 2007
    ..The data suggest that personality traits are significant and equally relevant predictors of functioning for both groups. The utility of assessing personality traits for individuals with both Axis I and II disorders is thus supported...
  31. doi request reprint A comparison of interview and self-report methods for the assessment of borderline personality disorder criteria
    Christopher J Hopwood
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, USA
    Psychol Assess 20:81-5. 2008
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Short-term diagnostic stability of schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders
    M Tracie Shea
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Duncan Building, 700 Butler Drive, Providence, RI 20906, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:2036-41. 2002
    ..This study prospectively examined the stability of four personality disorders (schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive) over a 1-year follow-up period...
  33. doi request reprint Longitudinal course and outcome of personality disorders
    Andrew E Skodol
    Institute for Mental Health Research, 3300 N Central Avenue, Suite 2380, Phoenix, AZ 85012, USA
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 31:495-503, viii. 2008
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Synthesizing dimensional and categorical approaches to personality disorders: refining the research agenda for DSM-V Axis II
    Robert F Krueger
    University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN, USA
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 16:S65-73. 2007
    ....
  35. pmc Two-year prevalence and stability of individual DSM-IV criteria for schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders: toward a hybrid model of axis II disorders
    Thomas H McGlashan
    Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorder Study, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 162:883-9. 2005
    ..This study tracked the individual criteria of four DSM-IV personality disorders-borderline, schizotypal, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders-and how they change over 2 years...
  36. pmc Childhood antecedents of avoidant personality disorder: a retrospective study
    David C Rettew
    Harvard Medical School and McLean Hospital, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:1122-30. 2003
    ..To explore potential risk factors and early manifestations of avoidant personality disorder (AVPD) by examining retrospective reports of social functioning and adverse childhood experiences...
  37. pmc The natural course of bulimia nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified is not influenced by personality disorders
    Carlos M Grilo
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06519, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 34:319-30. 2003
    ..To examine prospectively the natural course of bulimia nervosa (BN) and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) and to test the effects of personality disorder (PD) comorbidity on the outcomes...
  38. pmc Axis I and axis II disorders as predictors of prospective suicide attempts: findings from the collaborative longitudinal personality disorders study
    Shirley Yen
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02906, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 112:375-81. 2003
    ..Therefore, among individuals diagnosed with PDs. exacerbation of Axis I conditions, particularly MDD and substance use, heightens risk for a suicide attempt...
  39. ncbi request reprint Gender differences in borderline personality disorder: findings from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Dawn M Johnson
    Summa Health System, St Thomas Hospital, Akron, OH 44310, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 44:284-92. 2003
    ..For example, no difference was found in rates of major depressive disorder, a condition that is more prevalent in females. Thus, BPD pathology may be a prevailing characterization that can attenuate usual gender-based distinctions...
  40. ncbi request reprint Do eating disorders co-occur with personality disorders? Comparison groups matter
    Carlos M Grilo
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06519, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 33:155-64. 2003
    ..The eating disorders met criteria outlined in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)...
  41. ncbi request reprint Substance or style? An investigation of the NEO-PI-R validity scales
    Leslie C Morey
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station 77843 4235, USA
    J Pers Assess 79:583-99. 2002
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Traumatic exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder in borderline, schizotypal, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders: findings from the collaborative longitudinal personality disorders study
    Shirley Yen
    Department of Psychiatry, Brown University Medical School, 700 Butler Drive, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 190:510-8. 2002
    ..In addition, they support an association between severity of PD and severity of traumatic exposure, as indicated by earlier trauma onset, trauma of an assaultive and personal nature, and more types of traumatic events...
  43. ncbi request reprint The representation of borderline, avoidant, obsessive-compulsive, and schizotypal personality disorders by the five-factor model
    Leslie C Morey
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4235, USA
    J Pers Disord 16:215-34. 2002
    ..Differences between personality disorders may reflect diverse interactions among the dimensions, rather than differences on single dimensions...
  44. ncbi request reprint Confirmatory factor analysis of DSM-IV borderline, schizotypal, avoidant and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders: findings from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Charles A Sanislow
    Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 8098, USA
    Acta Psychiatr Scand 105:28-36. 2002
    ..To test the diagnostic constructs implied by DSM-IV Axis-II personality disorders by examining relationships between different combinations of DSM-IV criteria...
  45. ncbi request reprint Confirmatory factor analysis of DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder: findings from the collaborative longitudinal personality disorders study
    Charles A Sanislow
    Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Am J Psychiatry 159:284-90. 2002
    ..This study tested the factor structure of the DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder by using confirmatory methods for the analysis of covariance structures in a large group from a multisite study...
  46. ncbi request reprint The representation of four personality disorders by the schedule for nonadaptive and adaptive personality dimensional model of personality
    Leslie C Morey
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843 4235, USA
    Psychol Assess 15:326-32. 2003
    ..Furthermore, the model appeared to successfully distinguish specific PDs, a property that represents a particular challenge for dimensional models of personality...
  47. ncbi request reprint Ethnicity and four personality disorders
    Denise A Chavira
    Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA
    Compr Psychiatry 44:483-91. 2003
    ..The factors contributing to these differences warrant further investigation...
  48. ncbi request reprint Functional impairment in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
    Andrew E Skodol
    Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Am J Psychiatry 159:276-83. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare psychosocial functioning in patients with schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and patients with major depressive disorder and no personality disorder...
  49. ncbi request reprint Temporal coherence of criteria for four personality disorders
    Leslie C Morey
    Department of Psychology, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843 4235, USA
    J Pers Disord 18:394-8. 2004
    ..72 across 4 disorders), and reasonably specific to that syndrome relative to the other disorders. The results support the validity of these criterion sets as representing coherent syndromes...
  50. pmc Associations in the course of personality disorders and Axis I disorders over time
    M Tracie Shea
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Duncan Building, 700 Butler Drive, Providence, RI 20906, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 113:499-508. 2004
    ..Two of the four personality disorders under examination (STPD and OCPD) showed little or no association with Axis I disorders...
  51. ncbi request reprint Major depressive disorder and borderline personality disorder revisited: longitudinal interactions
    John G Gunderson
    Harvard Medical School and McLean Hospital, Boston, Mass 02478, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 65:1049-56. 2004
    ..This report investigates the longitudinal association of changes in major depressive disorder (MDD) and borderline personality disorder...
  52. ncbi request reprint Borderline personality disorder criteria associated with prospectively observed suicidal behavior
    Shirley Yen
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, 700 Butler Drive, Duncan Building, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 161:1296-8. 2004
    ..The authors prospectively examined associations between each DSM-IV borderline personality disorder criterion and suicidal behaviors...
  53. pmc Two-year prospective naturalistic study of remission from major depressive disorder as a function of personality disorder comorbidity
    Carlos M Grilo
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 73:78-85. 2005
    ..These PDs emerged as robust predictors of slowed remission from MDD even when controlling for other negative prognostic predictors...
  54. ncbi request reprint Childhood maltreatment associated with adult personality disorders: findings from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study
    Cynthia L Battle
    Collaborative Longitudinal PDs Study CLPS, Brown University Medical School, USA
    J Pers Disord 18:193-211. 2004
    ..However, even when controlling for the effect of borderline PD, other PD diagnoses were associated with specific types of maltreatment...
  55. ncbi request reprint The longitudinal relationship of personality traits and disorders
    Megan B Warner
    Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77483, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 113:217-27. 2004
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Clinical features and impairment in women with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), BPD without PTSD, and other personality disorders with PTSD
    Caron Zlotnick
    Brown University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Butler Hospital, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 191:706-13. 2003
    ..Consistent with other research, the findings suggest that PTSD does not appear to alter the central features of BPD. The clinical implications of our findings are considered...
  57. pmc Recent life events preceding suicide attempts in a personality disorder sample: findings from the collaborative longitudinal personality disorders study
    Shirley Yen
    Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence, RI 02906, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 73:99-105. 2005
    ..Therefore, certain types of negative life events are unique risk factors for imminent suicide attempts among individuals with PDs...
  58. ncbi request reprint Testing an APA practice guideline: symptom-targeted medication utilization for patients with borderline personality disorder
    John M Oldham
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425, USA
    J Psychiatr Pract 10:156-61. 2004
    ....
  59. pmc Two-year stability and change of schizotypal, borderline, avoidant, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders
    Carlos M Grilo
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06519, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 72:767-75. 2004
    ..Dimensionally, these findings suggest that PDs may be characterized by maladaptive trait constellations that are stable in their structure (individual differences) but can change in severity or expression over time...
  60. ncbi request reprint Plausibility and possible determinants of sudden "remissions" in borderline patients
    John G Gunderson
    McLean Hospital, 115 Mill Street, Belmont, MA 02478, USA
    Psychiatry 66:111-9. 2003
    ..In conclusion, patients with BPD can make significant improvements that are rapid and of sufficient duration to be considered remissions. Determinants were identified that warrant further prospective evaluation...
  61. ncbi request reprint Ethnicity and mental health treatment utilization by patients with personality disorders
    Donna S Bender
    Institute for Mental Health Research, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 75:992-9. 2007
    ..Future studies need to assess specific barriers to adequate and appropriate treatments for minority individuals with PDs...
  62. ncbi request reprint Longitudinal diagnostic efficiency of DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder: a 2-year prospective study
    Carlos M Grilo
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Can J Psychiatry 52:357-62. 2007
    ..To examine the longitudinal diagnostic efficiency of the DSM-IV criteria for borderline personality disorder (BPD)...
  63. pmc Natural course of bulimia nervosa and of eating disorder not otherwise specified: 5-year prospective study of remissions, relapses, and the effects of personality disorder psychopathology
    Carlos M Grilo
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn 06519, USA
    J Clin Psychiatry 68:738-46. 2007
    ..To examine prospectively the natural course of bulimia nervosa and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) and to test for the effects of personality disorder psychopathology on remission and relapse...