R Klitzman

Summary

Affiliation: Columbia University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Anticipating issues related to increasing preimplantation genetic diagnosis use: a research agenda
    Robert Klitzman
    College of Physicians and Surgeons and Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Reprod Biomed Online 17:33-42. 2008
  2. ncbi request reprint MDMA ('ecstasy') use, and its association with high risk behaviors, mental health, and other factors among gay/bisexual men in New York City
    Robert L Klitzman
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University 1051, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 66:115-25. 2002
  3. pmc Ethical issues concerning disclosures of HIV diagnoses to perinatally infected children and adolescents
    Robert Klitzman
    Columbia University, NewYork, NY, USA
    J Clin Ethics 19:31-42. 2008
  4. pmc Preimplantation genetic diagnosis on in vitro fertilization clinic websites: presentations of risks, benefits and other information
    Robert Klitzman
    College of Physicians and Surgeons and Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Fertil Steril 92:1276-83. 2009
  5. pmc Kuru fieldwork in 1981 ... and beyond
    Robert Klitzman
    Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:3646-7. 2008
  6. pmc How IRBs view and make decisions about social risks
    Robert L Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 8:58-65. 2013
  7. pmc How IRBs view and make decisions about consent forms
    Robert L Klitzman
    Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 8:8-19. 2013
  8. pmc How IRBs view and make decisions about coercion and undue influence
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Dr, Unit 15, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Med Ethics 39:224-9. 2013
  9. pmc Views of internists towards uses of PGD
    Robert Klitzman
    Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Mail Unit 15, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Reprod Biomed Online 26:142-7. 2013
  10. pmc Attitudes and practices among internists concerning genetic testing
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 15, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Genet Couns 22:90-100. 2013

Research Grants

  1. Views of Privacy of Genetic Information
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. Views and Approaches Toward Research Integrity Among IRBs
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. ncbi request reprint Anticipating issues related to increasing preimplantation genetic diagnosis use: a research agenda
    Robert Klitzman
    College of Physicians and Surgeons and Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Reprod Biomed Online 17:33-42. 2008
    ..Improved understanding of these issues will ultimately enhance the development and implementation of future clinical guidelines and policies...
  2. ncbi request reprint MDMA ('ecstasy') use, and its association with high risk behaviors, mental health, and other factors among gay/bisexual men in New York City
    Robert L Klitzman
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University 1051, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 66:115-25. 2002
    ..g. MSM and community specific interventions) that need to be further explored...
  3. pmc Ethical issues concerning disclosures of HIV diagnoses to perinatally infected children and adolescents
    Robert Klitzman
    Columbia University, NewYork, NY, USA
    J Clin Ethics 19:31-42. 2008
  4. pmc Preimplantation genetic diagnosis on in vitro fertilization clinic websites: presentations of risks, benefits and other information
    Robert Klitzman
    College of Physicians and Surgeons and Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Fertil Steril 92:1276-83. 2009
    ..To examine information on preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) presented on IVF clinic websites...
  5. pmc Kuru fieldwork in 1981 ... and beyond
    Robert Klitzman
    Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 363:3646-7. 2008
  6. pmc How IRBs view and make decisions about social risks
    Robert L Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 8:58-65. 2013
    ..These data, the first to examine how IRBs make decisions about social risks, reveal how IRBs face critical challenges, dilemmas, and ambiguities. ..
  7. pmc How IRBs view and make decisions about consent forms
    Robert L Klitzman
    Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 8:8-19. 2013
    ..This study, the first to explore how IRBs view and make decisions about consent forms, suggests underlying tensions, ambiguities, and subjectivities that have important implications for future policy, practice, education, and research...
  8. pmc How IRBs view and make decisions about coercion and undue influence
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Dr, Unit 15, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Med Ethics 39:224-9. 2013
    ..Scholars have debated how to define coercion and undue influence, but how institutional review boards (IRBs) view and make decisions about these issues in actual cases has not been explored...
  9. pmc Views of internists towards uses of PGD
    Robert Klitzman
    Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Mail Unit 15, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Reprod Biomed Online 26:142-7. 2013
    ..These data thus have critical implications for training, research and practice...
  10. pmc Attitudes and practices among internists concerning genetic testing
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 15, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Genet Couns 22:90-100. 2013
    ..These data suggest that physicians recognize their knowledge deficits, and are interested in training. These findings have important implications for future medical practice, research, and education...
  11. pmc The reporting of IRB review in journal articles presenting HIV research conducted in the developing world
    Robert L Klitzman
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Psychiatry, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Dev World Bioeth 11:161-9. 2011
    ..We investigated how often journal articles reporting on human HIV research in four developing world countries mention any institutional review boards (IRBs) or research ethics committees (RECs), and what factors are involved...
  12. pmc Local IRBs vs. federal agencies: shifting dynamics, systems, and relationships
    Robert L Klitzman
    Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 7:50-62. 2012
    ..Researchers often blame IRBs for frustrations, but IRBs often serve as the "local face" of federal regulations and agencies and are "stuck in the middle." These data have critical implications for policy, practice, and research...
  13. pmc US IRBs confronting research in the developing world
    Robert L Klitzman
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons Psychiatry, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 15, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Dev World Bioeth 12:63-73. 2012
    ..Increasingly, US-sponsored research is carried out in developing countries, but how US Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) approach the challenges they then face is unclear...
  14. pmc From anonymity to "open doors": IRB responses to tensions with researchers
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    BMC Res Notes 5:347. 2012
    ..Yet whether, how, when, and why IRBs respond to these conflicts have received little systematic attention...
  15. pmc Institutional review board community members: who are they, what do they do, and whom do they represent?
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Acad Med 87:975-81. 2012
    ..The roles of nonaffiliated and nonscientific institutional review board (IRB) members at academic medical centers have received some attention, but questions remain-Who are they, what do they do, and whom, if anyone, do they represent?..
  16. pmc Misunderstandings concerning genetics among patients confronting genetic disease
    Robert L Klitzman
    Clinical Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Genet Couns 19:430-46. 2010
    ..Misunderstandings' persistence, despite realization of their inaccuracy, suggests that providers need to address not just cognitive facts, but underlying emotional issues...
  17. pmc Views of discrimination among individuals confronting genetic disease
    Robert Klitzman
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, Unit 15, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Genet Couns 19:68-83. 2010
    ..Policies are needed to prevent discrimination in life, long-term care, and disability insurance, not covered by GINA...
  18. pmc "Members of the same club": challenges and decisions faced by US IRBs in identifying and managing conflicts of interest
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e22796. 2011
    ..Conflicts of interest (COIs) in research have received increasing attention, but many questions arise about how Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) view and approach these...
  19. pmc The process of deciding about prophylactic surgery for breast and ovarian cancer: Patient questions, uncertainties, and communication
    Robert Klitzman
    College of Physicians and Surgeons and Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, Unit 15, 1051 Riverside Drive, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 152:52-66. 2010
    ..autonomy). These data suggest areas for future research: for example, on how providers decide whether, what and how to communicate about these issues, and how these choices shape treatment decisions...
  20. pmc Disclosures of funding sources and conflicts of interest in published HIV/AIDS research conducted in developing countries
    Robert Klitzman
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Med Ethics 36:505-10. 2010
    ....
  21. doi request reprint The use of eggs and embryos in stem cell research
    Robert Klitzman
    Division of Psychiatry, Law and Ethics Ethics and Policy Core, Columbia University, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York, USA
    Semin Reprod Med 28:336-44. 2010
    ..This article addresses these areas and ways of approaching them, to adhere to important ethical principles, while helping to advance research that has the potential to help innumerable patients...
  22. pmc "In sickness and in health"? Disclosures of genetic risks in dating
    Robert L Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 15, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Genet Couns 20:98-112. 2011
    ..This paper, the first to explore several key aspects of disclosures of genetic information in dating, thus suggests needs for public and professional education, and future research in this area...
  23. pmc How local IRBs view central IRBs in the US
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive 15, New York, NY, USA
    BMC Med Ethics 12:13. 2011
    ..Centralization of IRB reviews have been increasing in the US and elsewhere, but many questions about it remain. In the US, a few centralized IRBs (CIRBs) have been established, but how they do and could operate remain unclear...
  24. pmc The ethics police?: IRBs' views concerning their power
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e28773. 2011
    ..Researchers frequently complain about IRBs, but how IRBs perceive and respond to these criticisms is unclear...
  25. ncbi request reprint Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek, FRS on Vermeer: a figment of the imagination
    Robert Klitzman
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Mailman School of Public Health, New York, New York, USA
    FASEB J 20:591-4. 2006
  26. pmc The impact of social contexts in testing for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency: the roles of physicians and others
    Robert Klitzman
    College of Physicians and Surgeons, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    Genet Test Mol Biomarkers 13:269-76. 2009
    ..To elucidate psychosocial and ethical issues faced by adults at risk for alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) that have received little attention...
  27. doi request reprint Views of the process and content of ethical reviews of HIV vaccine trials among members of US institutional review boards and South African research ethics committees
    Robert Klitzman
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032USA
    Dev World Bioeth 8:207-18. 2008
    ....
  28. ncbi request reprint Patterns of communication between gay and lesbian patients and their health care providers
    Robert L Klitzman
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University Department of Psychiatry, New York 10032, USA
    J Homosex 42:65-75. 2002
    ..To determine whether gay men and lesbians disclose their sexual orientation, and other sensitive behaviors to their primary care physicians; whether they have a chance of finding a gay friendly physician; and what factors are involved...
  29. ncbi request reprint Intricacies and inter-relationships between HIV disclosure and HAART: a qualitative study
    R L Klitzman
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    AIDS Care 16:628-40. 2004
    ..Interventions and studies concerning each of these domains have generally been separate, but need to be integrated, and the importance of relationships between these two areas needs to be recognized...
  30. ncbi request reprint Challenges and changes in spirituality among doctors who become patients
    Robert L Klitzman
    Center for Bioethics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Joseph Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 29, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Soc Sci Med 61:2396-406. 2005
    ..Increased awareness of these areas could potentially have clinical relevance, strengthening doctor-patient relationships and communication, and patient satisfaction...
  31. ncbi request reprint Views and approaches toward risks and benefits among doctors who become patients
    Robert Klitzman
    Center for Bioethics, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 29, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 64:61-8. 2006
    ..To understand how views and approaches concerning risks and benefits may be affected by dynamic contexts and processes related to clinical roles and relationships...
  32. ncbi request reprint Improving education on doctor-patient relationships and communication: lessons from doctors who become patients
    Robert Klitzman
    Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Acad Med 81:447-53. 2006
    ..The author aimed to understand insights that doctors who become patients may gain concerning ways to improve doctor-patient relationships and communication in order to improve medical education...
  33. ncbi request reprint Disclosures of illness by doctors to their patients: a qualitative study of doctors with HIV and other serious disorders
    Robert Klitzman
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 64:277-84. 2006
    ..To examine issues concerning doctor's disclosures of their illness to their patients...
  34. pmc "Patient-time", "doctor-time", and "institution-time": perceptions and definitions of time among doctors who become patients
    Robert Klitzman
    Center for Bioethics, College of Physicians and Surgeons and Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 1051 Riverside Drive, Unit 29, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 66:147-55. 2007
    ..To examine views and experiences of conflicts concerning time in healthcare, from the perspective of physicians who have become patients...
  35. ncbi request reprint From "Male Bonding Rituals" to "Suicide Tuesday": A qualitative study of issues faced by gay male ecstasy (MDMA) users
    Robert Klitzman
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, New York State Psychiatric Inst, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Homosex 51:7-32. 2006
    ..Awareness of potential adverse effects varied and was minimized. Appropriate educational and prevention programs are needed to address these issues, and must take into account the specific contexts of these gay men's lives...
  36. ncbi request reprint "Post-residency disease" and the medical self: identity, work, and health care among doctors who become patients
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Center for Bioethics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Perspect Biol Med 49:542-52. 2006
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Additional implications of a national survey on ethics consultation in United States hospitals
    Robert Klitzman
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Bioeth 7:47-8. 2007
  38. ncbi request reprint Disclosures of Huntington disease risk within families: patterns of decision-making and implications
    Robert Klitzman
    Associate Professor of Clinical Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons and Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Am J Med Genet A 143:1835-49. 2007
    ..HCWs need to realize that these decisions are multi-faceted. Future research can explore whether, when, how, and how often HCWs raise these issues with individuals...
  39. ncbi request reprint The roles of family members, health care workers, and others in decision-making processes about genetic testing among individuals at risk for Huntington disease
    Robert Klitzman
    College of Physicians and Surgeons and Mailman School of Public Health, New York, New York, USA
    Genet Med 9:358-71. 2007
    ..To understand how individuals at risk for Huntington disease view the roles of others, e.g., family members and health care workers, in decision making about genetic testing...
  40. ncbi request reprint It's not just what you say: relationships of HIV dislosure and risk reduction among MSM in the post-HAART era
    R Klitzman
    HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, NY State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    AIDS Care 19:749-56. 2007
    ..Disclosure needs to be addressed in the context of relationship type, partner status and broader risk-reduction strategies...
  41. ncbi request reprint Decision-making about reproductive choices among individuals at-risk for Huntington's disease
    Robert Klitzman
    College of Physicians and Surgeons and Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Genet Couns 16:347-62. 2007
    ..g., first "gambling," then being more cautious). These data have critical implications for genetic counselors and other health care workers and future research, particularly as more genetic tests become available...
  42. ncbi request reprint Incubation period of human prion disease
    Robert L Klitzman
    Lancet 368:913; author reply 914-5. 2006

Research Grants6

  1. Views of Privacy of Genetic Information
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings of this study can enhance further policy, professional and public education, and future research in this area. ..
  2. Views and Approaches Toward Research Integrity Among IRBs
    Robert Klitzman; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..smaller institutions. We anticipate that the data from this study will serve as a significant foundation in assisting future research and the improvement of Rl through guidelines, education and other capacity building. ..