Donald C Hood

Summary

Affiliation: Columbia University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc "Unnecessary" spinal surgery: A prospective 1-year study of one surgeon's experience
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:83. 2011
  2. pmc Efficacy of posterior cervical fusions utilizing an artificial bone graft expander, beta tricalcium phosphate
    Nancy E Epstein
    Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10451, and Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:15. 2011
  3. pmc Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative measures to further reduce spinal infections
    Nancy E Epstein
    Clinical Professor of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10467, and Chief of Neurosurgical Spine and Education, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:17. 2011
  4. pmc Pros, cons, and costs of INFUSE in spinal surgery
    Nancy E Epstein
    Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10451, and Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:10. 2011
  5. pmc The incidence and cost of devices explanted during single-level anterior diskectomy/fusions
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:23. 2011
  6. pmc Costs and frequency of "off-label" use of INFUSE for spinal fusions at one institution in 2010
    Nancy E Epstein
    Clinical Professor of Neurological Surgery, Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 10461
    Surg Neurol Int 2:115. 2011
  7. pmc A medico-legal review of cases involving quadriplegia following cervical spine surgery: Is there an argument for a no-fault compensation system?
    Nancy E Epstein
    Clinical Professor of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA and Chief of Neurosurgical Spine and Education, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 1:3. 2010
  8. pmc Spine surgery in geriatric patients: Sometimes unnecessary, too much, or too little
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 10461, and Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:188. 2011
  9. pmc A review of interspinous fusion devices: High complication, reoperation rates, and costs with poor outcomes
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 10467, and Chief of Neurosurgical Spine and Education, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 3:7. 2012
  10. pmc Efficacy and outcomes of dynamic-plated single-level anterior diskectomy/fusion with additional analysis of comparative costs
    Nancy E Epstein
    Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10451, and Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:9. 2011

Detail Information

Publications150 found, 100 shown here

  1. pmc "Unnecessary" spinal surgery: A prospective 1-year study of one surgeon's experience
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:83. 2011
    ..There are marked disparities in the frequency of spinal surgery performed within the United States over time, as well as across different geographic areas. One possible source of these disparities is the criteria for surgery...
  2. pmc Efficacy of posterior cervical fusions utilizing an artificial bone graft expander, beta tricalcium phosphate
    Nancy E Epstein
    Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10451, and Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:15. 2011
    ..Here we analyzed whether posterior cervical fusions could effectively utilize iliac autograft supplemented with an artificial bone graft expander, Beta Tricalcium Phosphate [B-TCP]..
  3. pmc Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative measures to further reduce spinal infections
    Nancy E Epstein
    Clinical Professor of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10467, and Chief of Neurosurgical Spine and Education, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:17. 2011
    ..The introduction of multiple preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative modalities in addition to standardized prophylaxis may further contribute to reducing postoperative spinal infections...
  4. pmc Pros, cons, and costs of INFUSE in spinal surgery
    Nancy E Epstein
    Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10451, and Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:10. 2011
    ..Nevertheless, Medicare and other insurance companies, are now increasingly denying reimbursement (average cost of a "large" INFUSE to the hospital without overhead $5000-6000) to hospitals for INFUSE when utilized "off-label"...
  5. pmc The incidence and cost of devices explanted during single-level anterior diskectomy/fusions
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:23. 2011
    ..This retrospective study analyzes the costs to a single hospital of plates, screws and spacers used in all single-level anterior diskectomy and fusion (single-ADF) operations performed during a 1-year period...
  6. pmc Costs and frequency of "off-label" use of INFUSE for spinal fusions at one institution in 2010
    Nancy E Epstein
    Clinical Professor of Neurological Surgery, Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 10461
    Surg Neurol Int 2:115. 2011
    ..While the efficacy and possible complications due to INFUSE have been debated, we know less about the costs and frequency of "on-label" versus "off-label" use of INFUSE to perform spinal fusions...
  7. pmc A medico-legal review of cases involving quadriplegia following cervical spine surgery: Is there an argument for a no-fault compensation system?
    Nancy E Epstein
    Clinical Professor of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA and Chief of Neurosurgical Spine and Education, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 1:3. 2010
    ....
  8. pmc Spine surgery in geriatric patients: Sometimes unnecessary, too much, or too little
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 10461, and Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:188. 2011
    ..Nevertheless, sometimes these high-risk geriatric patients are considered for "unnecessary", too much (instrumented fusions), or too little [minimally invasive surgery (MIS)] spine surgery...
  9. pmc A review of interspinous fusion devices: High complication, reoperation rates, and costs with poor outcomes
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, 10467, and Chief of Neurosurgical Spine and Education, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 3:7. 2012
    ..Here, we review the literature on complication rates, reoperation rates, and outcomes for implanting IFD, and offer an assessment of IFD charges at a single institution in 2010...
  10. pmc Efficacy and outcomes of dynamic-plated single-level anterior diskectomy/fusion with additional analysis of comparative costs
    Nancy E Epstein
    Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10451, and Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY 11501, USA
    Surg Neurol Int 2:9. 2011
    ..Few studies focus on the fusion rates and outcomes for single-level anterior cervical diskectomy/fusion (1-ACDF) utilizing iliac autograft and dynamic plates...
  11. pmc Glaucomatous damage of the macula
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
    Prog Retin Eye Res 32:1-21. 2013
    ....
  12. doi request reprint Reducing the cost and frequency of explantations associated with single-level anterior diskectomy and fusion at a single institution through education
    Nancy E Epstein
    The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 37:414-7. 2012
    ....
  13. doi request reprint ISCEV standard for clinical multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) (2011 edition)
    Donald C Hood
    Departments of Psychology and Ophthalmology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Doc Ophthalmol 124:1-13. 2012
    ..Standards for performance of the basic clinical mfERG test with a stimulus array of 61 or 103 hexagons, as well as for reporting the results, are specified...
  14. pmc The inner segment/outer segment border seen on optical coherence tomography is less intense in patients with diminished cone function
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:9703-9. 2011
    ..To better understand the influence of cones on the appearance of this band, the intensity of its signal in patients with diminished cone function was examined...
  15. pmc Lumbar discal cyst causing bilateral radiculopathy
    Kwak Hyung-Jun
    Department of Neurosurgery, Dong Gwang Ju Woori Hospital, Gwangju, Korea
    Surg Neurol Int 2:21. 2011
    ..To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of discal cyst resulting in bilateral radiculopathy...
  16. pmc Retinal nerve fibre thickness measured with optical coherence tomography accurately detects confirmed glaucomatous damage
    D C Hood
    Department of Psychology, 405 Schermerhorn, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Br J Ophthalmol 91:905-7. 2007
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint SF-36 outcomes and fusion rates after multilevel laminectomies and 1 and 2-level instrumented posterolateral fusions using lamina autograft and demineralized bone matrix
    Nancy E Epstein
    The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 20:139-45. 2007
    ..High fusion rates and adequate outcomes were observed after multilevel laminectomies and 1 and 2-level instrumented posterolateral fusions performed using lamina autograft and demineralized bone matrix: Osteofil/ICM...
  18. ncbi request reprint Relating retinal nerve fiber thickness to behavioral sensitivity in patients with glaucoma: application of a linear model
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 24:1426-30. 2007
    ..Second, previous work by others was shown to be consistent with this model...
  19. ncbi request reprint Complication avoidance in 116 dynamic-plated single-level anterior corpectomy and fusion
    Nancy E Epstein
    The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 20:347-51. 2007
    ..Complications observed in the first 2 years of a study involving 116 single-level dynamic-plated ACF were largely eliminated by introducing more prolonged bracing and improved surgical techniques for the study's last 4 years...
  20. pmc Retinal nerve fiber structure versus visual field function in patients with ischemic optic neuropathy. A test of a linear model
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 7004, USA
    Ophthalmology 115:904-10. 2008
    ..To test a linear model relating the regional loss in retinal nerve fiber (RNFL) thickness to the corresponding regional loss in sensitivity with data from patients with previous anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION)...
  21. ncbi request reprint Do silver-impregnated dressings limit infections after lumbar laminectomy with instrumented fusion?
    Nancy E Epstein
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, New York
    Surg Neurol 68:483-5; discussion 485. 2007
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint The frequency and etiology of intraoperative dural tears in 110 predominantly geriatric patients undergoing multilevel laminectomy with noninstrumented fusions
    Nancy E Epstein
    The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 20:380-6. 2007
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Structure versus function in glaucoma: an application of a linear model
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 48:3662-8. 2007
    ..To evaluate a linear model that relates the glaucomatous loss in retinal nerve fiber (RNFL) thickness, measured with optical coherence tomography (OCT), to the loss in sensitivity, measured with standard automated perimetry (SAP)...
  24. ncbi request reprint Determining abnormal latencies of multifocal visual evoked potentials: a monocular analysis
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
    Doc Ophthalmol 109:189-99. 2004
    ..To describe a methodology for measuring abnormal timing of monocular multifocal visual evoked potentials (mfVEP)...
  25. ncbi request reprint Impact of intraoperative normovolemic hemodilution on transfusion requirements for 68 patients undergoing lumbar laminectomies with instrumented posterolateral fusion
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:2227-30; discussion 2231. 2006
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Short Form-36 outcomes following focal 1- and 2-level cervical laminectomy with multilevel instrumented fusion
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Surg Neurol 66:264-8; discussion 268. 2006
    ..However, for patients with only 1 to 2 laminar impingement, more "focal" laminectomy and fusion may suffice, the shortened laminectomy allowing for a more simple spinous process fusion skipping the 1 or 2 lamina that have been removed...
  27. ncbi request reprint Ossification of the cervical posterior longitudinal ligament: a review
    Nancy Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
    Neurosurg Focus 13:ECP1. 2002
    ..Repeated anterior surgery, operations lasting more than 10 hours, involving four or more levels (including C-2), obesity, asthma, and blood transfusions of more than 4 U (1000-1200 ml) are all considered major risk factors...
  28. ncbi request reprint The pattern electroretinogram in glaucoma patients with confirmed visual field deficits
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 46:2411-8. 2005
    ..To better understand the relationship between the amplitude of the pattern electroretinogram (PERG) and visual loss, measured with static automated perimetry...
  29. ncbi request reprint Intermittent pneumatic compression stocking prophylaxis against deep venous thrombosis in anterior cervical spinal surgery: a prospective efficacy study in 200 patients and literature review
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2538-43. 2005
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Clear cell meningioma of the cauda equina in an adult: case report and literature review
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 18:539-43. 2005
    ..Following gross total resection of lumbar tumors in adults, reserving radiation therapy for secondary recurrences provides optimal management...
  31. ncbi request reprint Retrievable inferior vena cava filter embolizes to right ventricle/pulmonary outflow tract
    Nancy E Epstein
    Long Island Neurosurgical Associates PC, 410 Lakeville Rd, 204, New Hyde Park, NY 11042 1103, USA
    Spine J 6:94-5. 2006
  32. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of pneumatic compression stocking prophylaxis in the prevention of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism following 139 lumbar laminectomies with instrumented fusions
    Nancy E Epstein
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 19:28-31. 2006
    ..Pneumatic compression stocking (CS) could provide an alternative means of mechanical prophylaxis alone against DVT and PE and would possibly avoid its hemorrhagic complications...
  33. ncbi request reprint Contrast-response functions for multifocal visual evoked potentials: a test of a model relating V1 activity to multifocal visual evoked potentials activity
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Vis 6:580-93. 2006
    ..This deviation suggests that one or more of the model's assumptions may be violated. Second, the latency of the mfVEP changed far less than expected based upon single-cell data...
  34. ncbi request reprint A preliminary study of the efficacy of Beta Tricalcium Phosphate as a bone expander for instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusions
    Nancy E Epstein
    The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 19:424-9. 2006
    ..Although Vitoss/B-TCP and laminar autograft resulted in pseudarthrosis for 1 of 27 single level and 2 of 13 two level posterolateral instrumented lumbar fusions, only 1 of the latter patients required a secondary fusion...
  35. pmc ISCEV guidelines for clinical multifocal electroretinography (2007 edition)
    Donald C Hood
    Departmentsof Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Doc Ophthalmol 116:1-11. 2008
    ..These 2007 guidelines, from the International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision (ISCEV: http://www.iscev.org ), replace the ISCEV guidelines for the mfERG published in 2003...
  36. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of different bone volume expanders for augmenting lumbar fusions
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Surg Neurol 69:16-9; discussion 19. 2008
    ..A wide variety of bone volume expanders are being used in performing posterolateral lumbar noninstrumented and instrumented lumbar fusions. This article presents a review of their efficacy based on fusion rates, complications, and outcomes...
  37. doi request reprint Beta tricalcium phosphate: observation of use in 100 posterolateral lumbar instrumented fusions
    Nancy E Epstein
    Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Spine J 9:630-8. 2009
    ..Beta tricalcium phosphate (B-TCP) is increasingly used to supplement lamina autograft to perform posterolateral lumbar-instrumented arthrodesis...
  38. pmc The location of the inferior and superior temporal blood vessels and interindividual variability of the retinal nerve fiber layer thickness
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
    J Glaucoma 19:158-66. 2010
    ..To determine if adjusting for blood vessel (BV) location can decrease the intersubject variability of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measured with optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
  39. doi request reprint Wound-peritoneal shunts: part of the complex management of anterior dural lacerations in patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament
    Nancy E Epstein
    Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Surg Neurol 72:630-4; discussion 634. 2009
    ..The complex management of dural lacerations occurring after the resection of multilevel ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) requires further clarification...
  40. doi request reprint A review of medicolegal malpractice suits involving cervical spine: what can we learn or change?
    Nancy E Epstein
    Long Island Neurosurgical Associates, New Hyde Park, NY 11042, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 24:15-9. 2011
    ..Utilizing Verdict Search (East Islip, New York), a medicolegal research service for civil and criminal court cases, 78 cervical spine surgical malpractice suits were identified (10-year period)...
  41. pmc The transition zone between healthy and diseased retina in patients with retinitis pigmentosa
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, ColumbiaUniversity, New York, NY, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:101-8. 2011
    ..To describe the structural changes in the transition zone from relatively healthy retinal regions to severely affected regions in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP) using frequency domain optical coherence tomography (fdOCT)...
  42. pmc Initial arcuate defects within the central 10 degrees in glaucoma
    Donald C Hood
    Departments of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:940-6. 2011
    ....
  43. pmc Reliability of a computer-aided manual procedure for segmenting optical coherence tomography scans
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 88:113-23. 2011
    ..To assess the within- and between-operator agreement of a computer-aided manual segmentation procedure for frequency-domain optical coherence tomography scans...
  44. doi request reprint Dural repair with four spinal sealants: focused review of the manufacturers' inserts and the current literature
    Nancy E Epstein
    The Leo M Davidoff Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx 10461, NY, USA
    Spine J 10:1065-8. 2010
    ..Deliberate or traumatic dural fistulas are typically augmented by a "sealant" or "fibrin glue" to enhance the strength of dural closure...
  45. pmc A test of a linear model of glaucomatous structure-function loss reveals sources of variability in retinal nerve fiber and visual field measurements
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:4254-66. 2009
    ..Retinal nerve fiber (RNFL) thickness and visual field loss data from patients with glaucoma were analyzed in the context of a model, to better understand individual variation in structure versus function...
  46. pmc A comparison of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness obtained with frequency and time domain optical coherence tomography (OCT)
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Opt Express 17:3997-4003. 2009
    ..The results were comparable. More importantly, we learned that the key factor determining whether results from different machines will be comparable is the algorithm used to segment RNFL thickness, not the type of OCT...
  47. doi request reprint How often is minimally invasive minimally effective: what are the complication rates for minimally invasive surgery?
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
    Surg Neurol 70:386-8; discussion 389. 2008
    ..However, the negative results of this procedure are typically underreported in the literature because few spine surgeons submit and even fewer journals publish negative results...
  48. doi request reprint An analysis of noninstrumented posterolateral lumbar fusions performed in predominantly geriatric patients using lamina autograft and beta tricalcium phosphate
    Nancy E Epstein
    Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Spine J 8:882-7. 2008
    ..The artificial bone-volume expander, beta tricalcium phosphate (B-TCP, Vitoss, OrthoVita, Malvern, PA), is increasingly used to supplement autograft in posterolateral lumbar fusions...
  49. ncbi request reprint Bloodless spinal surgery: a review of the normovolemic hemodilution technique
    Nancy E Epstein
    Long Island Neurosurgical Associates, New Hyde Park, NY 11042, USA
    Surg Neurol 70:614-8. 2008
    ....
  50. doi request reprint Fusion rates and SF-36 outcomes after multilevel laminectomy and noninstrumented lumbar fusions in a predominantly geriatric population
    Nancy E Epstein
    The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 21:159-64. 2008
    ..This study prospectively analyzed posterolateral fusion rates and Short-Form 36 (SF-36) outcomes after multilevel lumbar laminectomies and noninstrumented fusions...
  51. doi request reprint Increased postoperative cervical myelopathy and cord compression resulting from the use of Gelfoam
    Nancy E Epstein
    The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Spine J 9:e19-21. 2009
    ..The immunogenicity of Gelfoam (Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI) or microfibrillar collagen, applied during laminectomy, may promote postoperative swelling and significant neural compression...
  52. doi request reprint X-Stop: foot drop
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Spine J 9:e6-9. 2009
    ..The X-Stop (Kyphon, Sunnyvale, CA), a device implanted between adjacent lumbar spinous processes at one or two levels particularly in the geriatric population, theoretically decompresses the spinal canal by reversing the lordosis...
  53. pmc Blood vessel contributions to retinal nerve fiber layer thickness profiles measured with optical coherence tomography
    Donald C Hood
    Departments of Psychology and Ophthalmology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Glaucoma 17:519-28. 2008
    ..To understand better the influence of retinal blood vessels (BVs) on the interindividual variation in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measured with optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
  54. pmc Thickness of receptor and post-receptor retinal layers in patients with retinitis pigmentosa measured with frequency-domain optical coherence tomography
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2328-36. 2009
    ....
  55. doi request reprint Pulmonary embolism diagnosed on computed tomography contrast angiography despite negative venous Doppler ultrasound after spinal surgery
    Nancy E Epstein
    Neurological Surgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 24:358-62. 2011
    ....
  56. ncbi request reprint Determining abnormal interocular latencies of multifocal visual evoked potentials
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
    Doc Ophthalmol 109:177-87. 2004
    ..To describe methods for measuring interocular latency differences of multifocal visual evoked potentials (mfVEP) and for determining regions with abnormal interocular latencies in patients...
  57. ncbi request reprint The multifocal visual evoked potential
    Donald C Hood
    Departments of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    J Neuroophthalmol 23:279-89. 2003
    ..However, this technique is developing rapidly; advances in commercial hardware and software are expected in the near future...
  58. ncbi request reprint Lumbar synovial cysts: a review of diagnosis, surgical management, and outcome assessment
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 17:321-5. 2004
    ..Outcome measures spanning 1- to 2-year postoperative intervals frequently included surgeon-based rather than the current patient-based analysis, the lat-ter including the Medical Outcomes Trust Short Form-36...
  59. ncbi request reprint Documenting fusion following anterior cervical surgery: a comparison of roentgenogram versus two-dimensional computed tomographic findings
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurologic Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 11042, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 16:243-7. 2003
    ..Three and 6 months following single-level anterior corpectomy with fusion, two-dimensional CT scans more accurately confirmed fusion compared with radiographs alone...
  60. ncbi request reprint Does donor site reconstruction following anterior cervical surgery diminish postoperative pain?
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 16:20-6. 2003
    ..Multiplanar CT studies obtained 6 months postoperatively documented 100% donor site fusion for the 23 reconstructed patients. Although iliac crest reconstruction failed to reduce Bodily Pain, it did result in 100% fusion...
  61. ncbi request reprint The multifocal visual evoked potential and cone-isolating stimuli: implications for L- to M-cone ratios and normalization
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Vis 2:178-89. 2002
    ..0 in the fovea. Instead, it appears that there is a change in gain before the mfVEP is generated in area 17...
  62. ncbi request reprint Detecting early to mild glaucomatous damage: a comparison of the multifocal VEP and automated perimetry
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 45:492-8. 2004
    ..To gain better understanding of the relationship between abnormalities detected by the multifocal VEP (mfVEP) compared with those detected by static achromatic, automated perimetry in patients with glaucoma...
  63. ncbi request reprint Visual field defects and multifocal visual evoked potentials: evidence of a linear relationship
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, 405 Schermerhorn, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 120:1672-81. 2002
    ..To determine the relationship between spatially localized multifocal visual evoked potentials (mfVEPs) and Humphrey visual fields (HVFs) in patients with unilateral field defects...
  64. ncbi request reprint Multifocal VEP and ganglion cell damage: applications and limitations for the study of glaucoma
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
    Prog Retin Eye Res 22:201-51. 2003
    ..However, this is an evolving technology and the future will undoubtedly see major improvements in the mfVEP technique...
  65. ncbi request reprint Detecting glaucomatous damage with multifocal visual evoked potentials: how can a monocular test work?
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    J Glaucoma 12:3-15. 2003
    ..To understand and improve the detection of glaucomatous damage with multifocal visual evoked potentials (mfVEP) obtained from single eyes...
  66. ncbi request reprint Repeat reliability of the multifocal visual evoked potential in normal and glaucomatous eyes
    Candice S Chen
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    J Glaucoma 12:399-408. 2003
    ..To investigate the repeat reliability of the multifocal visual evoked potential (mfVEP)...
  67. ncbi request reprint Objective measurement of visual function in glaucoma
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Curr Opin Ophthalmol 14:78-82. 2003
    ..Finally, more information is needed about these tests from longitudinal or prospective studies...
  68. ncbi request reprint It is easier to confuse a jury than convince a judge: the crisis in medical malpractice
    Nancy E Epstein
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:2425-30. 2002
    ..A study of cervical spine malpractice cases was conducted. Identifying tort reform models may help to resolve a crisis in medical malpractice...
  69. ncbi request reprint Quantifying the benefits of additional channels of multifocal VEP recording
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
    Doc Ophthalmol 104:303-20. 2002
    ..Additional electrodes and multiple channels of recording substantially improve the quality of the mfVEP records and the SNR measure provides a useful metric for assessing these benefits...
  70. pmc A framework for comparing structural and functional measures of glaucomatous damage
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, 116th and Broadway, New York, NY, 10027 7004, USA
    Prog Retin Eye Res 26:688-710. 2007
    ....
  71. ncbi request reprint Electrophysiologic imaging of retinal and optic nerve damage: the multifocal technique
    Donald C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, Schermerhorn Hall, Room 416, MC 5501, 1190 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Ophthalmol Clin North Am 17:69-88. 2004
    ..Given the software and techniques needed to record and interpret the results, mfVEP testing should be performed in centers experienced with this technique...
  72. pmc Measurement of local retinal ganglion cell layer thickness in patients with glaucoma using frequency-domain optical coherence tomography
    Min Wang
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 127:875-81. 2009
    ....
  73. doi request reprint Retinal ganglion cell layer thickness and local visual field sensitivity in glaucoma
    Ali S Raza
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, 1190 Amsterdam Ave, 405 Schermerhorn Hall, Room 301, New York, NY 10027 7004, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 129:1529-36. 2011
    ..To compare loss in sensitivity measured using standard automated perimetry (SAP) with local retinal ganglion cell layer (RGC) thickness measured using frequency-domain optical coherence tomography in the macula of patients with glaucoma...
  74. pmc Hypodense regions (holes) in the retinal nerve fiber layer in frequency-domain OCT scans of glaucoma patients and suspects
    Daiyan Xin
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:7180-6. 2011
    ..To better understand hypodense regions (holes) that appear in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) of frequency-domain optical coherence tomography (fdOCT) scans of patients with glaucoma and glaucoma suspects...
  75. pmc The role of the multifocal visual evoked potential (mfVEP) latency in understanding optic nerve and retinal diseases
    Donald C Hood
    Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc 104:71-7. 2006
    ..To examine the extent to which changes in the latency of the multifocal visual evoked potential (mfVEP) overlap in patients with glaucoma, recovered optic neuritis/multiple sclerosis (ON/MS), and retinal disease...
  76. ncbi request reprint A method for comparing electrophysiological, psychophysical, and structural measures of glaucomatous damage
    Vivienne C Greenstein
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, 635 W 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Arch Ophthalmol 122:1276-84. 2004
    ..To develop a method for comparing multifocal visual-evoked potential (mfVEP) responses and behaviorally determined visual fields with structural measures of the optic nerve head...
  77. ncbi request reprint Multifocal visual evoked potential responses in glaucoma patients with unilateral hemifield defects
    Phamornsak Thienprasiddhi
    Department of Ophthalmology, The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York, New York 10003, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 136:34-40. 2003
    ..To determine whether the multifocal visual evoked potential (mfVEP) technique can detect damage to the visual system in the unaffected hemifields of patients with glaucoma and unilateral hemifield defects...
  78. pmc Normal versus high tension glaucoma: a comparison of functional and structural defects
    Oraorn Thonginnetra
    Einhorn Clinical Research Center, New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York, NY, USA
    J Glaucoma 19:151-7. 2010
    ....
  79. pmc Comparison of contrast-response functions from multifocal visual-evoked potentials (mfVEPs) and functional MRI responses
    Jason C Park
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Vis 8:8.1-12. 2008
    ..J. Heeger, A. C. Huk, W. S. Geisler, and D. G. Albrecht (2000) does not fit the results...
  80. ncbi request reprint Delayed iliac crest autograft fractures following plated single-level anterior cervical corpectomy with fusion
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurologic Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
    J Spinal Disord Tech 15:420-4. 2002
    ..Recurrent pain signaled delayed autograft strut fractures in four of 56 patients undergoing plated single-level anterior corpectomy with fusion...
  81. doi request reprint An argument for traditional posterior cervical fusion techniques: evidence from 35 cases
    Nancy E Epstein
    The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Surg Neurol 70:45-51; discussion 51-2. 2008
    ..Alternatively, for 35 patients undergoing focal laminectomy with posterior fusions using spinous process-based wiring techniques, no screw-related neurovascular injuries occurred, whereas 100% of patients fused...
  82. ncbi request reprint A review of the risks and benefits of differing prophylaxis regimens for the treatment of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in neurosurgery
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Surg Neurol 64:295-301; discussion 302. 2005
    ..The risks and benefits associated with different prophylaxis regimens used in the prevention of DVT and PE in neurosurgical procedures were analyzed...
  83. ncbi request reprint Lumbar laminectomy for the resection of synovial cysts and coexisting lumbar spinal stenosis or degenerative spondylolisthesis: an outcome study
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurological Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 29:1049-55; discussion 1056. 2004
    ....
  84. ncbi request reprint A review of laminoforaminotomy for the management of lateral and foraminal cervical disc herniations or spurs
    Nancy E Epstein
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
    Surg Neurol 57:226-33; discussion 233-4. 2002
    ..Unilateral radiculopathy can be addressed with the laminoforaminotomy, while bilateral or multifocal radiculopathy with myelopathy may additionally require a laminectomy or laminoplasty...
  85. ncbi request reprint The effects of retinal abnormalities on the multifocal visual evoked potential
    John Y Chen
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4378-85. 2006
    ..To examine the effects on the amplitude and latency of the multifocal visual evoked potential (mfVEP) in retinal diseases associated with depressed multifocal electroretinograms (mfERG)...
  86. ncbi request reprint Anterior dynamic plates in complex cervical reconstructive surgeries
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurosurgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, U S A
    J Spinal Disord Tech 15:221-7; discussion 227-8. 2002
    ..Perhaps PWF with halo stabilization for morbidly obese individuals undergoing one-level ACF would avoid future plate-related problems...
  87. ncbi request reprint Posterior cervical fusion failure in three morbidly obese patients following circumferential surgery
    Nancy E Epstein
    Department of Neurosurgery, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
    Surg Neurol 60:205-10; discussion 210. 2003
    ..quot; Three morbidly obese patients undergoing circumferential surgery had posterior fusions performed without autogenous iliac crest graft to avoid donor site morbidity...
  88. ncbi request reprint Multifocal visual evoked potentials to cone specific stimuli in patients with retinitis pigmentosa
    K Holopigian
    Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine, BEL 5N15, 462 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Vision Res 45:3244-52. 2005
    ..4 degrees ). For the first ring, mfERG amplitudes were more impaired than were the mfVEPs or the visual field thresholds. For most of the patients, there was local response correspondence among our measures of visual function...
  89. ncbi request reprint Atypical multifocal ERG responses in patients with diseases affecting the photoreceptors
    V C Greenstein
    Department of Ophthalmology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Edwards S Harkness Eye Institute, Columbia University, 635 West 165th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Vision Res 44:2867-74. 2004
    ..These responses were associated with areas of decreased visual field sensitivity. As RP, CD and DR affect the outer retina, the results are consistent with damage to the outer plexiform layer rather than damage to the inner retina...
  90. ncbi request reprint Eccentricity-dependent changes in local onset and offset responses in patients with progressive cone dystrophy
    K Holopigian
    Department of Ophthalmology, New York University School of Medicine, BEL 5N15, 462 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA
    Vision Res 47:2297-304. 2007
    ..The differences in the pattern of results in the long duration mfERG data are consistent with a selective loss of the onset responses in our patient population...
  91. ncbi request reprint Detecting early functional damage in glaucoma suspect and ocular hypertensive patients with the multifocal VEP technique
    Phamornsak Thienprasiddhi
    Department of Ophthalmology, The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York, NY, USA
    J Glaucoma 15:321-7. 2006
    ....
  92. pmc An analysis of normal variations in retinal nerve fiber layer thickness profiles measured with optical coherence tomography
    Quraish Ghadiali
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    J Glaucoma 17:333-40. 2008
    ..To assess the normal variations in retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measured with optical coherence tomography (OCT)...
  93. ncbi request reprint Computed tomography validating bony ingrowth into fibula strut allograft: a criterion for fusion
    Nancy E Epstein
    The Department of Neurosurgery, The North Shore Long Island Jewish Health System, 300 Community Drive, Manhasset, NY 11030, USA
    Spine J 2:129-33. 2002
    ..Static and dynamic X-ray studies routinely determine whether or not fusion of a fibula strut allograft has occurred after multilevel anterior corpectomy with fusion (ACF) combined with posterior wiring and fusion (PWF)...
  94. ncbi request reprint In vitro characteristics of cultured posterior longitudinal ligament tissue
    Nancy E Epstein
    Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 27:56-8. 2002
    ..To determine the osteogenicity of posterior longitudinal ligament ossification, the posterior longitudinal ligament obtained during anterior cervical surgery from patients with the disorder was analyzed with in vitro cultures...
  95. ncbi request reprint Assessing abnormal rod photoreceptor activity with the a-wave of the electroretinogram: applications and methods
    D C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Doc Ophthalmol 92:253-67. 1996
    ..A clinical protocol was developed based on a single white flash energy. It is possible to determine whether a disease is producing a change in S and/or Rm with this single flash energy without the use of any equations...
  96. ncbi request reprint Identifying inner retinal contributions to the human multifocal ERG
    D C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA
    Vision Res 39:2285-91. 1999
    ..These components were found to be missing or diminished in the records from some patients with glaucoma and diabetes, diseases which affect the inner retina...
  97. ncbi request reprint Lower-level visual processing and models of light adaptation
    D C Hood
    Department of Psychology, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 49:503-35. 1998
    ..Basic behavioral and physiological descriptions of light adaptation are reviewed, and recent attempts to model lower-level processing are discussed...

Research Grants46

  1. Measures of Human Receptor and Post Receptor Activity
    Donald C Hood; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..These same techniques can enable the ophthalmologist to monitor the health of these cells and, thus the effectiveness of alternative treatments. ..
  2. Tests of Models of Retinal/Optic Nerve Diseases&Adaption
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Finally, patients with acute optic neuritis will be followed with behavioral and mVEP techniques. An attempt will be made to understand the recovery o vision following optic neuritis (ON). ..
  3. Tests of Models of Retinal/Optic Nerve Diseases&Adaption
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Finally, patients with acute optic neuritis will be followed with behavioral and mVEP techniques. An attempt will be made to understand the recovery o vision following optic neuritis (ON). ..
  4. MEASURE OF RECEPTOR AND POST RECEPTOR ACTIVITY
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..monkeys in which INL activity is pharmacologically dissected, b. normal human subjects, c. patients with disease of the INL, and d. mathematical work. ..
  5. MEASURE OF RECEPTOR AND POST RECEPTOR ACTIVITY
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..monkeys in which INL activity is pharmacologically dissected, b. normal human subjects, c. patients with disease of the INL, and d. mathematical work. ..
  6. Tests of Models of Retinal/Optic Nerve Diseases&Adaption
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..Finally, patients with acute optic neuritis will be followed with behavioral and mVEP techniques. An attempt will be made to understand the recovery o vision following optic neuritis (ON). ..
  7. MEASURE OF RECEPTOR AND POST RECEPTOR ACTIVITY
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..monkeys in which INL activity is pharmacologically dissected, b. normal human subjects, c. patients with disease of the INL, and d. mathematical work. ..
  8. TESTS OF MODELS OF RETINAL DISEASE ADAPTATION
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..This could be especially valuable in assessing retinal function of patients with heterogeneous damage as in retinitis pigmentosa, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma. ..
  9. Measures of Human Receptor and Post Receptor Activity
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..We propose as part of aim 3 to improve our understanding of these relationships as well as to improve our analysis of visual field data. ..
  10. Tests of Models of Retinal/Optic Nerve Diseases&Adaption
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, patients with acute optic neuritis will be followed with behavioral and mVEP techniques. An attempt will be made to understand the recovery o vision following optic neuritis (ON). ..
  11. Measures of Human Receptor and Post Receptor Activity
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..We propose as part of aim 3 to improve our understanding of these relationships as well as to improve our analysis of visual field data. ..
  12. Measures of Human Receptor and Post Receptor Activity
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..These same techniques can enable the ophthalmologist to monitor the health of these cells and, thus the effectiveness of alternative treatments. ..
  13. Studying models and mechanisms of optic nerve diseases
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The experiments under Aim 4 are designed to improve on the currently available methods of recording and analyzing the multifocal VEP. The aim is to improve the efficacy of the multifocal VEP technique in the clinic. ..
  14. Studying models and mechanisms of optic nerve diseases
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The experiments under Aim 4 are designed to improve on the currently available methods of recording and analyzing the multifocal VEP. The aim is to improve the efficacy of the multifocal VEP technique in the clinic. ..
  15. Measures of Human Receptor and Post Receptor Activity
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..We propose as part of aim 3 to improve our understanding of these relationships as well as to improve our analysis of visual field data. ..
  16. Studying models and mechanisms of optic nerve diseases
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The experiments under Aim 4 are designed to improve on the currently available methods of recording and analyzing the multifocal VEP. The aim is to improve the efficacy of the multifocal VEP technique in the clinic. ..
  17. Measures of Human Receptor and Post Receptor Activity
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We propose as part of aim 3 to improve our understanding of these relationships as well as to improve our analysis of visual field data. ..
  18. Studying models and mechanisms of optic nerve diseases
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The experiments under Aim 4 are designed to improve on the currently available methods of recording and analyzing the multifocal VEP. The aim is to improve the efficacy of the multifocal VEP technique in the clinic. ..
  19. MEASURE OF HUMAN RECEPTOR AND POST-RECEPTOR ACTIVITY
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..Thus, we propose to develop a model of the human ERG that encompasses the activity of the inner nuclear layer as well as the receptors...
  20. MEASURE OF RECEPTOR AND POST RECEPTOR ACTIVITY
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..monkeys in which INL activity is pharmacologically dissected, b. normal human subjects, c. patients with disease of the INL, and d. mathematical work. ..
  21. TESTS OF MODELS OF RETINAL DISEASE ADAPTATION
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..This could be especially valuable in assessing retinal function of patients with heterogeneous damage as in retinitis pigmentosa, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma. ..
  22. MEASURE OF HUMAN RECEPTOR AND POST-RECEPTOR ACTIVITY
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..Thus, we propose to develop a model of the human ERG that encompasses the activity of the inner nuclear layer as well as the receptors...
  23. TESTS OF MODELS OF RETINAL DISEASE AND ADAPTATION
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..The data will be analyzed within the context of recent models of cone systems, models based on recent physiology...
  24. TESTS OF MODELS OF RETINAL DISEASE AND ADAPTATION
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..Finally, we intend to obtain a better understanding of the relative involvement of the rod and different cone mechanisms in retinitis pigmentosa and in progressive cone dystrophy...
  25. TESTS OF MODELS OF RETINAL DISEASE AND ADAPTATION
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ..Finally, we intend to obtain a better understanding of the relative involvement of the rod and different cone mechanisms in retinitis pigmentosa and in progressive cone dystrophy...
  26. TESTS OF MODELS OF RETINAL DISEASE AND ADAPTATION
    Donald Hood; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..The data will be analyzed within the context of recent models of cone systems, models based on recent physiology...