S Heshka

Summary

Affiliation: Columbia University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Is obesity a disease?
    S Heshka
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University Institute of Human Nutrition, New York 10025, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1401-4. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint Weight loss with self-help compared with a structured commercial program: a randomized trial
    Stanley Heshka
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    JAMA 289:1792-8. 2003
  3. pmc Truncal fat in relation to total body fat: influences of age, sex, ethnicity and fatness
    C H Wu
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1384-91. 2007
  4. pmc MRI-measured bone marrow adipose tissue is inversely related to DXA-measured bone mineral in Caucasian women
    W Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14H, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Osteoporos Int 18:641-7. 2007
  5. pmc Altered body composition in type 2 diabetes mellitus
    S Heshka
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:780-7. 2008
  6. pmc Intermuscular adipose tissue rivals visceral adipose tissue in independent associations with cardiovascular risk
    J E Yim
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1400-5. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Resting energy expenditure-fat-free mass relationship: new insights provided by body composition modeling
    Z Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 279:E539-45. 2000
  8. pmc Visceral adipose tissue: relationships between single slice areas at different locations and obesity-related health risks
    W Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:763-9. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Resting energy expenditure: systematic organization and critique of prediction methods
    Z Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    Obes Res 9:331-6. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Alternative treatments for weight loss: a critical review
    D B Allison
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 41:1-28; discussion 39-40. 2001

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications69

  1. ncbi request reprint Is obesity a disease?
    S Heshka
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University Institute of Human Nutrition, New York 10025, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1401-4. 2001
    ..However, neither writers who refer to obesity as a disease nor those who question whether it is a disease have generally provided a definition of disease and then offered evidence that obesity does or does not fit the definition...
  2. ncbi request reprint Weight loss with self-help compared with a structured commercial program: a randomized trial
    Stanley Heshka
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    JAMA 289:1792-8. 2003
    ..Although commercial weight loss programs provide treatment to millions of clients, their efficacy has not been evaluated in rigorous long-term trials...
  3. pmc Truncal fat in relation to total body fat: influences of age, sex, ethnicity and fatness
    C H Wu
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1384-91. 2007
    ..To investigate the influence of age, sex, ethnicity and total fatness on central obesity in four ethnic populations...
  4. pmc MRI-measured bone marrow adipose tissue is inversely related to DXA-measured bone mineral in Caucasian women
    W Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14H, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Osteoporos Int 18:641-7. 2007
    ..Previous research using regional magnetic resonance spectroscopy methods to measure BMAT has reported inconsistent findings on the relationship between BMAT and dual-energy absorptiometry (DXA)-measured bone mineral density (BMD)...
  5. pmc Altered body composition in type 2 diabetes mellitus
    S Heshka
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:780-7. 2008
    ..To identify differences in amount and distribution of fat and lean soft tissue in a cross-sectional study of subjects with and without type 2 diabetes and to determine whether any differences are affected by race/ethnicity or sex...
  6. pmc Intermuscular adipose tissue rivals visceral adipose tissue in independent associations with cardiovascular risk
    J E Yim
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1400-5. 2007
    ..The metabolic implications of intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) are poorly understood compared to those of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) even though the absolute quantities of both depots are similar in many individuals...
  7. ncbi request reprint Resting energy expenditure-fat-free mass relationship: new insights provided by body composition modeling
    Z Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 279:E539-45. 2000
    ....
  8. pmc Visceral adipose tissue: relationships between single slice areas at different locations and obesity-related health risks
    W Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:763-9. 2007
    ..At present, it is unknown whether the area with the highest correlation is also the most strongly associated with obesity-related health risk...
  9. ncbi request reprint Resting energy expenditure: systematic organization and critique of prediction methods
    Z Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    Obes Res 9:331-6. 2001
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Alternative treatments for weight loss: a critical review
    D B Allison
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 41:1-28; discussion 39-40. 2001
    ..Nevertheless, some have plausible mechanisms of action and encouraging preliminary data that are sufficiently provocative to merit further research...
  11. ncbi request reprint Low physical activity levels of modern Homo sapiens among free-ranging mammals
    M Hayes
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 29:151-6. 2005
    ..Our observations lend support to the hypothesis that low activity-related energy expenditure levels contribute to the rising worldwide prevalence of obesity...
  12. ncbi request reprint The reconstruction of Kleiber's law at the organ-tissue level
    Z Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Nutr 131:2967-70. 2001
    ..76)) is similar to that observed by Kleiber on the whole-body level. Modeling mammalian REE at the organ-tissue level provides new insights and pathways for future mechanistic explorations of REE-body composition relationships...
  13. ncbi request reprint Assortative mating for relative weight: genetic implications
    D B Allison
    Obesity Research Center, Saint Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of, Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Behav Genet 26:103-11. 1996
    ..The implications of these findings for heritability studies, linkage studies, and the estimation of shared environmental effects are discussed...
  14. ncbi request reprint Is there an association between skeletal muscle mass and bone mineral density among African-American, Asian-American, and European-American women?
    A J Sun
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Acta Diabetol 40:S309-13. 2003
    ..Body weight and age were positively and negatively associated with TBBMD, respectively, and the relationship was stronger in POM. In all race groups the variability in TBBMD was significantly greater in POM women...
  15. ncbi request reprint Sexual dimorphism in the energy content of weight change
    A Pietrobelli
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 26:1339-48. 2002
    ..The energy content of weight change is assumed to be sex- and age-neutral at 3,500 kcal/pound or 32.2 MJ/kg...
  16. ncbi request reprint Total body protein mass: validation of total body potassium prediction model in children and adolescents
    ZiMian Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    J Nutr 136:1032-6. 2006
    ..032, P > 0.05). The TBK-Mo model can thus be used to estimate TBPro in healthy adults, adolescents, and children > 5 y old...
  17. ncbi request reprint A cellular-level approach to predicting resting energy expenditure across the adult years
    ZiMian Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:799-806. 2005
    ..Although the model predicted REE well in young persons, it overpredicted REE by approximately 11% in elderly adults. This overprediction may occur because of a decline in the fraction of organs and tissues as cell mass with aging...
  18. pmc Adipose tissue in muscle: a novel depot similar in size to visceral adipose tissue
    Dympna Gallagher
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:903-10. 2005
    ..The manner in which fat depot volumes and distributions, particularly the adipose tissue (AT) between the muscles, vary by race is unknown...
  19. pmc Estimating whole body intermuscular adipose tissue from single cross-sectional magnetic resonance images
    Xiang Yan Ruan
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York 10025, USA
    J Appl Physiol 102:748-54. 2007
    ..For group studies, it may be more cost-effective to estimate IMAT based on one or more slices than to acquire and segment for each subject the numerous images necessary to quantify whole body IMAT...
  20. pmc Metabolically active portion of fat-free mass: a cellular body composition level modeling analysis
    ZiMian Wang
    Obesity Research Center, 1090 Amsterdam Ave, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292:E49-53. 2007
    ..584 +/- 0.041 and 0.529 +/- 0.041 for adult men and women (P < 0.001), respectively. A multiple linear regression model showed that there are independent significant associations of sex, age, and fat mass with BCM/FFM...
  21. pmc Waist circumference correlates with metabolic syndrome indicators better than percentage fat
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:727-36. 2006
    ....
  22. ncbi request reprint Air displacement plethysmography: validation in overweight and obese subjects
    Samir R Ginde
    Weight Control Unit, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Obes Res 13:1232-7. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare D(b) measured by ADP to D(b) measured by underwater weighing (UWW) in subjects ranging from normal weight to severely obese...
  23. pmc Small organs with a high metabolic rate explain lower resting energy expenditure in African American than in white adults
    Dympna Gallagher
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:1062-7. 2006
    ..Whether the composition of FFM at the organ-tissue level differs between African Americans and whites and, if so, whether that difference could account for differences by race in REE are unknown...
  24. ncbi request reprint Serum iron and body fat distribution in a multiethnic cohort of adults living in New York City
    Earle C Chambers
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:680-4. 2006
    ..To examine the relationship between serum iron and body composition in a multiracial adult cohort...
  25. pmc Independent association of insulin resistance with larger amounts of intermuscular adipose tissue and a greater acute insulin response to glucose in African American than in white nondiabetic women
    Jeanine B Albu
    Obesity Research Center, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:1210-7. 2005
    ..Higher insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia have been reported in adult AAs than in whites. Differences in adipose tissue and its distribution may account for these findings...
  26. pmc Total-body skeletal muscle mass: estimation by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in children and adolescents
    Jaehee Kim
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1014-20. 2006
    ..Skeletal muscle (SM) is an important compartment but is difficult to quantify in children and adolescents...
  27. pmc Evaluation of between-methods agreement of extracellular water measurements in adults and children
    Analiza M Silva
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:315-23. 2008
    ..Extracellular water (ECW), a relevant molecular level component for clinical assessment, is commonly obtained by 2 methods that rely on assumptions that may not be possible to test at the time the measurements are made...
  28. pmc Metabolic flexibility in response to glucose is not impaired in people with type 2 diabetes after controlling for glucose disposal rate
    Jose E Galgani
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, 6400 Perkins Rd, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    Diabetes 57:841-5. 2008
    ....
  29. pmc Femoral-gluteal subcutaneous and intermuscular adipose tissues have independent and opposing relationships with CVD risk
    Jung Eun Yim
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, 1090 Amsterdam Ave, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Appl Physiol 104:700-7. 2008
    ..05 for both). Femoral-gluteal SAT and femoral-gluteal IMAT distribution varies by sex and race, and these two components have independent and opposing relationships with CVD risk factors...
  30. ncbi request reprint Greater resting energy expenditure and lower respiratory quotient after 1 week of supplementation with milk relative to supplementation with a sugar-only beverage in children
    Marie Pierre St-Onge
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Metabolism 56:1699-707. 2007
    ..Over the longer term, consumption of milk beverages may have more favorable effects on energy balance in children than consumption of fruit-flavored beverages...
  31. ncbi request reprint Truncal adiposity and lung function in older black women
    Earle C Chambers
    Department of Family and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, 1300 Morris Park Ave, Mazer 111, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Lung 186:13-7. 2008
    ..Results of this study show that truncal fat mass measured by DXA is more strongly associated with lung function than anthropometric indices of truncal adiposity in this sample of women...
  32. pmc A new total body potassium method to estimate total body skeletal muscle mass in children
    ZiMian Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Nutr 137:1988-91. 2007
    ..Because the adult TBK SM prediction model is not applicable for pediatric use, this study provides new empirical TBK SM prediction equations that should prove useful for studies on nutrition, growth, and development in children...
  33. pmc Independent associations of insulin resistance with high whole-body intermuscular and low leg subcutaneous adipose tissue distribution in obese HIV-infected women
    Jeanine B Albu
    Endocrine, Diabetes and Nutrition Division, The New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:100-6. 2007
    ..Obesity and insulin resistance are growing problems in HIV-positive (HIV+) women receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)...
  34. ncbi request reprint Extracellular water across the adult lifespan: reference values for adults
    Analiza M Silva
    Exercise and Health Laboratory, Faculty of Human Movement, Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
    Physiol Meas 28:489-502. 2007
    ....
  35. pmc Higher insulin, triglycerides, and blood pressure with greater trunk fat in Tanner 1 Chinese
    Qing He
    St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Obesity Research Center, and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University New York, NY 10025, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1004-11. 2007
    ..The aims of this study were to investigate the body fat distribution pattern in prepubertal Chinese children and to investigate the relationship between central fat distribution and specific biomarkers of cardiovascular disease...
  36. pmc Incretin levels and effect are markedly enhanced 1 month after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery in obese patients with type 2 diabetes
    BLANDINE LAFERRERE
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1111 Amsterdam Ave, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:1709-16. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that in obese patients with type 2 diabetes the impaired levels and effect of incretins changed as a consequence of RY-GBP...
  37. ncbi request reprint Serum magnesium and type-2 diabetes in African Americans and Hispanics: a New York cohort
    Earle C Chambers
    Obesity Research Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 25:509-13. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of serum Mg with stage of diabetes measured by fasting serum glucose in a cohort of 485 African American and Hispanic adults...
  38. pmc Four-compartment cellular level body composition model: comparison of two approaches
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and Institute of Human Nutrition, Weight Control Unit, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Obes Res 13:58-65. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to develop and compare two DXA-based four-compartment [body weight=body cell mass (BCM)+extracellular fluid (ECF)+extracellular solids (ECS)+fat] cellular level models...
  39. ncbi request reprint Extracellular water: greater expansion with age in African Americans
    Analiza M Silva
    Exercise and Health Laboratory, Faculty of Human Movement Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal
    J Appl Physiol 99:261-7. 2005
    ..05). The ECW compartment and E/I are thus variably larger, according to race, in healthy older subjects independent of sex, lean soft tissue, and fat mass...
  40. ncbi request reprint Race-ethnicity-specific waist circumference cutoffs for identifying cardiovascular disease risk factors
    Shankuan Zhu
    Injury Research Center and Department of Family and Community Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:409-15. 2005
    ..However, WC cutoffs for other race-ethnicity groups remain unknown...
  41. ncbi request reprint Body-size dependence of resting energy expenditure can be attributed to nonenergetic homogeneity of fat-free mass
    Steven B Heymsfield
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282:E132-8. 2002
    ..These observations have important implications for the interpretation of between-individual differences in REE expressed relative to metabolically active tissue mass...
  42. ncbi request reprint Percentage body fat ranges associated with metabolic syndrome risk: results based on the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994)
    Shankuan Zhu
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:228-35. 2003
    ..Increasing attention has focused on the association between body fatness and related metabolic risk factors. The quantitative link between percentage body fat (%BF) and the risk of metabolic syndrome is unknown...
  43. ncbi request reprint Total body potassium differs by sex and race across the adult age span
    Qing He
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, and Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 1025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:72-7. 2003
    ..Total body potassium (TBK) is an index of fat-free mass. Data describing changes in TBK in African American, Asian, or Hispanic populations have not been reported...
  44. ncbi request reprint Larger mass of high-metabolic-rate organs does not explain higher resting energy expenditure in children
    Amy Hsu
    Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1506-11. 2003
    ..Children have a high resting energy expenditure (REE) relative to their body weight. The decline in REE during growth may be due to changes in body composition or to changes in the metabolic rate of individual organs and tissues...
  45. ncbi request reprint Recombinant variant of ciliary neurotrophic factor for weight loss in obese adults: a randomized, dose-ranging study
    Mark P Ettinger
    Radiant Research, Stuart, Fla, USA
    JAMA 289:1826-32. 2003
    ..A genetically engineered recombinant human variant ciliary neurotrophic factor (rhvCNTF) that signals through leptinlike pathways in the hypothalamus has been shown to bypass leptin resistance in animal models of obesity...
  46. pmc The metabolic syndrome: prevalence and associated risk factor findings in the US population from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994
    Yong Woo Park
    Department of Family Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
    Arch Intern Med 163:427-36. 2003
    ..The extent to which the metabolic syndrome is associated with demographic and potentially modifiable lifestyle factors in the US population is unknown...
  47. pmc Volume estimates by imaging methods: model comparisons with visible woman as the reference
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Obes Res 11:217-25. 2003
    ..To compare the accuracy of four volume estimation models to actual tissue and organ volumes measured in the visible woman...
  48. ncbi request reprint Magnitude and variation of fat-free mass density: a cellular-level body composition modeling study
    ZiMian Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 284:E267-73. 2003
    ..The difference in FFM density across sex, race, and age groups was examined with the developed model. The present study thus provides a conceptual framework for the systematic study of FFM density in humans...
  49. ncbi request reprint DXA: potential for creating a metabolic map of organ-tissue resting energy expenditure components
    Matthew Hayes
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Obes Res 10:969-77. 2002
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Waist circumference and obesity-associated risk factors among whites in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey: clinical action thresholds
    Shankuan Zhu
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:743-9. 2002
    ..Waist circumference (WC) is strongly linked to obesity-associated risks. However, currently proposed WC risk thresholds are not based on associations with obesity-related risk factors but rather with body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2))...
  51. ncbi request reprint Sex and race differences in fat distribution among Asian, African-American, and Caucasian prepubertal children
    Qing He
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10025, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87:2164-70. 2002
    ..This comparison of African-American, Asian, and Caucasian prepubertal children suggests phenotypic differences. Additional studies are needed to explore the metabolic and health risk implications of these findings...
  52. ncbi request reprint Trunk fat and blood pressure in children through puberty
    Qing He
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Circulation 105:1093-8. 2002
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between BP and body fat distribution in a large cross-sectional pediatric sample. The effects of race, sex, and puberty on this relationship were assessed...
  53. ncbi request reprint Body cell mass: model development and validation at the cellular level of body composition
    ZiMian Wang
    Weight Control Unit, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 286:E123-8. 2004
    ..0083 x TBK) formulated on rough tissue composition estimates. The present analyses provide a physiologically based, improved, and validated TBK-BCM prediction formula that should prove useful in body composition and metabolism research...
  54. ncbi request reprint Total body protein: a new cellular level mass and distribution prediction model
    ZiMian Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:979-84. 2003
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint Lifestyle behaviors associated with lower risk of having the metabolic syndrome
    Shankuan Zhu
    Injury Research Center, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Metabolism 53:1503-11. 2004
    ..These observations have potentially important value for public health recommendations...
  56. ncbi request reprint Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry-measured lean soft tissue mass: differing relation to body cell mass across the adult life span
    Marie Pierre St-Onge
    St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 59:796-800. 2004
    ..001) than women; quadratic and cubic age terms were also significant or approached significance. Thus, the fraction of LST as BCM is smaller in older adults, a finding that has implications for the interpretation of DEXA results...
  57. ncbi request reprint Total body skeletal muscle and adipose tissue volumes: estimation from a single abdominal cross-sectional image
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Appl Physiol 97:2333-8. 2004
    ..Measurement of a single abdominal image can thus provide estimates of total body SM and AT for group studies of healthy adults...
  58. pmc Visceral adipose tissue: relations between single-slice areas and total volume
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, and the Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:271-8. 2004
    ..However, the location of the slice with the strongest relation to VAT volume is not established...
  59. ncbi request reprint Three-compartment model: critical evaluation based on neutron activation analysis
    Analiza M Silva
    Exercise and Health Laboratory, Faculty of Human Movement, Technical University of Lisbon, 1495 688 Lisbon, Portugal
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 287:E962-9. 2004
    ..The present study results provide a critical evaluation of potential errors in the classic 3C model and present new formulas for use in selected populations...
  60. ncbi request reprint Body-composition differences between African American and white women: relation to resting energy requirements
    Alfredo Jones
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Weight Control Unit, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:780-6. 2004
    ..Body composition differs between African American (AA) and white women, and the resting metabolic rate (RMR) is likely to be lower in AA women than in white women...
  61. ncbi request reprint Sex-specific fat distribution is not linear across pubertal groups in a multiethnic study
    Qing He
    Body Composition Unit Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Plant Basement New York, New York 10025, USA
    Obes Res 12:725-33. 2004
    ..To investigate sexual dimorphism and race differences in fat distribution (android/gynoid) before and during puberty...
  62. ncbi request reprint Combination of BMI and Waist Circumference for Identifying Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Whites
    Shankuan Zhu
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center and Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Obes Res 12:633-45. 2004
    ..The present study sought to identify the combination of BMI and WC that has the strongest association with CVD risk factors in whites...
  63. ncbi request reprint Intermuscular adipose tissue-free skeletal muscle mass: estimation by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in adults
    Jaehee Kim
    Obesity Research Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Appl Physiol 97:655-60. 2004
    ..The DXA-based models are accurate for predicting IMAT-free SM in selected populations and thus provide a new opportunity for quantifying SM in physiological and epidemiological investigations...
  64. ncbi request reprint Effect of calcium supplementation on weight and fat loss in women
    Sue A Shapses
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89:632-7. 2004
    ..Nevertheless, the magnitude and direction of the differences for group means are consistent with a hypothesized small effect...
  65. ncbi request reprint Excessive weight gain in cardiac transplant recipients
    Jill J Williams
    Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Heart Lung Transplant 25:36-41. 2006
    ..Substantial weight gain frequently occurs after cardiac transplant (CT) and increases the risk of secondary disease. It is unclear, however, if weight gain after CT is related to glucocorticoid immunosuppressive therapy...
  66. pmc Reproducibility of single- and multi-voxel 1H MRS measurements of intramyocellular lipid in overweight and lean subjects under conditions of controlled dietary calorie and fat intake
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, New York, USA
    NMR Biomed 21:498-506. 2008
    ....
  67. ncbi request reprint Dubious assumptions underlying the adjustment of metabolic rates for changes in fat-free mass
    Dympna Gallagher
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:3454; author reply 3454-5. 2003
  68. ncbi request reprint Depression score predicts weight loss following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
    Yelena Averbukh
    Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, USA
    Obes Surg 13:833-6. 2003
    ..The association between pre-surgical severity of depression and success at weight loss following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) has not yet been fully elucidated...
  69. ncbi request reprint Maternal-child feeding patterns and child body weight: findings from a population-based sample
    Myles S Faith
    Weight and Eating Disorders Program, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 157:926-32. 2003
    ..Certain mother-child feeding patterns (MCFPs) may promote childhood obesity and/or disordered eating...