D Gallagher

Summary

Affiliation: Columbia University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc An anthropometric model to estimate neonatal fat mass using air displacement plethysmography
    Andrea L Deierlein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, MT, Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 9:21. 2012
  2. pmc Sexual dimorphism of adipose tissue distribution across the lifespan: a cross-sectional whole-body magnetic resonance imaging study
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St, Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 6:17. 2009
  3. pmc Body circumferences: clinical implications emerging from a new geometric model
    Steven B Heymsfield
    Merck and Company, Rahway, NJ, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 5:24. 2008
  4. pmc Greater lean tissue and skeletal muscle mass are associated with higher bone mineral content in children
    Karen B Dorsey
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:41. 2010
  5. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of body composition: practical guidelines
    Dympna Gallagher
    Department of Medicine, Institute of Human Nutrition, Body Composition Unit, Obesity Research Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Prim Care 30:249-65. 2003
  6. pmc Quantitative magnetic resonance fat measurements in humans correlate with established methods but are biased
    Dympna Gallagher
    New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:2047-54. 2010
  7. pmc Identifying interdisciplinary research priorities to prevent and treat pediatric obesity in New York City
    Dympna Gallagher
    Department of Medicine, New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, USA
    Clin Transl Sci 3:172-7. 2010
  8. pmc Body composition (sarcopenia) in obese patients: implications for care in the intensive care unit
    Dympna Gallagher
    Department of Medicine and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University and St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital New York, New York, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 35:21S-8S. 2011
  9. pmc Adipose tissue distribution is different in type 2 diabetes
    Dympna Gallagher
    Body Composition Unit New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, 1111 Amsterdam Avenue, Scrymser Basement, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:807-14. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Weight loss in postmenopausal obesity: no adverse alterations in body composition and protein metabolism
    D Gallagher
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 279:E124-31. 2000

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications90

  1. pmc An anthropometric model to estimate neonatal fat mass using air displacement plethysmography
    Andrea L Deierlein
    Department of Preventive Medicine, MT, Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 9:21. 2012
    ..abstract:..
  2. pmc Sexual dimorphism of adipose tissue distribution across the lifespan: a cross-sectional whole-body magnetic resonance imaging study
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St, Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 6:17. 2009
    ..abstract:..
  3. pmc Body circumferences: clinical implications emerging from a new geometric model
    Steven B Heymsfield
    Merck and Company, Rahway, NJ, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 5:24. 2008
    ..Concepts emerging from the developed model were then used to examine the relations between the evaluated clinical measures and body composition...
  4. pmc Greater lean tissue and skeletal muscle mass are associated with higher bone mineral content in children
    Karen B Dorsey
    Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Nutr Metab (Lond) 7:41. 2010
    ..To compare the relationship of skeletal muscle mass with bone mineral content in an ethnically diverse group of 6 to 18 year old boys and girls...
  5. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of body composition: practical guidelines
    Dympna Gallagher
    Department of Medicine, Institute of Human Nutrition, Body Composition Unit, Obesity Research Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Prim Care 30:249-65. 2003
    ..The clinical significance of the body compartment to be measured should be determined before a measurement method is selected, because the more advanced techniques are less accessible and more costly...
  6. pmc Quantitative magnetic resonance fat measurements in humans correlate with established methods but are biased
    Dympna Gallagher
    New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 18:2047-54. 2010
    ..Should the latter be accomplished, QMR holds promise as a highly precise, rapid, and safe, noninvasive method for estimating the amount of and changes in TBF in overweight and severely obese persons...
  7. pmc Identifying interdisciplinary research priorities to prevent and treat pediatric obesity in New York City
    Dympna Gallagher
    Department of Medicine, New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, USA
    Clin Transl Sci 3:172-7. 2010
    ....
  8. pmc Body composition (sarcopenia) in obese patients: implications for care in the intensive care unit
    Dympna Gallagher
    Department of Medicine and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University and St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital New York, New York, USA
    JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 35:21S-8S. 2011
    ..The recognition of patients with sarcopenic obesity has identified a potential high-risk patient population. These body composition abnormalities may have even greater importance in the intensive care patient...
  9. pmc Adipose tissue distribution is different in type 2 diabetes
    Dympna Gallagher
    Body Composition Unit New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, 1111 Amsterdam Avenue, Scrymser Basement, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 89:807-14. 2009
    ..The extent to which adipose tissue (AT) distribution is different between persons with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and nondiabetic control subjects remains unclear...
  10. ncbi request reprint Weight loss in postmenopausal obesity: no adverse alterations in body composition and protein metabolism
    D Gallagher
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 279:E124-31. 2000
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Overweight and obesity BMI cut-offs and their relation to metabolic disorders in Koreans/Asians
    Dympna Gallagher
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Obes Res 12:440-1. 2004
  12. ncbi request reprint Smaller organ tissue mass in the elderly fails to explain lower resting metabolic rate
    D Gallagher
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 904:449-55. 2000
    ..Further studies are required to investigate whether there is a reduction in the oxidative capacity of individual organs and tissues...
  13. pmc Small organs with a high metabolic rate explain lower resting energy expenditure in African American than in white adults
    Dympna Gallagher
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:1062-7. 2006
    ..Whether the composition of FFM at the organ-tissue level differs between African Americans and whites and, if so, whether that difference could account for differences by race in REE are unknown...
  14. pmc Truncal fat in relation to total body fat: influences of age, sex, ethnicity and fatness
    C H Wu
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1384-91. 2007
    ..To investigate the influence of age, sex, ethnicity and total fatness on central obesity in four ethnic populations...
  15. pmc MRI-measured pelvic bone marrow adipose tissue is inversely related to DXA-measured bone mineral in younger and older adults
    W Shen
    New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 66:983-8. 2012
    ..This cross-sectional study compared the BMAT and BMD relationship between a younger adult group at or approaching peak bone mass (PBM; age 18.0-39.9 years) and an older group with potential bone loss (PoBL; age 40.0-88.0 years)...
  16. pmc Fat-free mass index: changes and race/ethnic differences in adulthood
    H R Hull
    Department of Medicine, New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 35:121-7. 2011
    ..The purpose was to determine whether the FFMI differs in a group of racially/ethnically diverse adults...
  17. pmc Brain and high metabolic rate organ mass: contributions to resting energy expenditure beyond fat-free mass
    Fahad Javed
    New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:907-12. 2010
    ..The degree to which interindividual variation in the mass of select high metabolic rate organs (HMROs) mediates variability in resting energy expenditure (REE) is unknown...
  18. pmc Evaluation of between-methods agreement of extracellular water measurements in adults and children
    Analiza M Silva
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 88:315-23. 2008
    ..Extracellular water (ECW), a relevant molecular level component for clinical assessment, is commonly obtained by 2 methods that rely on assumptions that may not be possible to test at the time the measurements are made...
  19. ncbi request reprint DXA: potential for creating a metabolic map of organ-tissue resting energy expenditure components
    Matthew Hayes
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Obes Res 10:969-77. 2002
    ....
  20. pmc Effects of experimental weight perturbation on skeletal muscle work efficiency, fuel utilization, and biochemistry in human subjects
    Rochelle Goldsmith
    Department of Medicine, Division of Exercise Physiology, New York, New York, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 298:R79-88. 2010
    ....
  21. pmc Relationship between body mass index and adiposity in prepubertal children: ethnic and geographic comparisons between New York City and Jinan City (China)
    Khursheed P Navder
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, and Nutrition and Food Science in Urban Public Health Program, Hunter College of the City University of New York, 1111 Amsterdam Ave, Scrymser Bsmt, New York, New York 10025, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 107:488-93. 2009
    ..Among prepubertal children, for the same BMI, Asians have significantly higher PBF compared with African Americans and Caucasians. Caution is warranted when applying BMI across sex and ethnic prepubertal groups...
  22. pmc Ethnic and sex differences in bone marrow adipose tissue and bone mineral density relationship
    W Shen
    New York Obesity Nutrition Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA
    Osteoporos Int 23:2293-301. 2012
    ..This suggests that the mechanisms that regulate the differentiation and proliferation of bone marrow stromal cells may differ in these populations...
  23. ncbi request reprint Korean and Caucasian overweight premenopausal women have different relationship of body mass index to percent body fat with age
    Sochung Chung
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Appl Physiol 99:103-7. 2005
    ..Investigators who use BMI as an index of fatness should be aware of the well documented differences in the relationship of BMI and fatness across race/ethnic groups...
  24. ncbi request reprint Body composition modeling. Application to exploration of the resting energy expenditure fat-free mass relationship
    S B Heymsfield
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 904:290-7. 2000
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Relative overhydration of fat-free mass in postobese versus never-obese subjects
    P A Leone
    Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 904:514-9. 2000
    ..05). These observations are important for interpreting body weight, body composition, and metabolic data of obese subjects who lost weight and maintained their weight loss over the long term...
  26. ncbi request reprint Is there an association between skeletal muscle mass and bone mineral density among African-American, Asian-American, and European-American women?
    A J Sun
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Acta Diabetol 40:S309-13. 2003
    ..Body weight and age were positively and negatively associated with TBBMD, respectively, and the relationship was stronger in POM. In all race groups the variability in TBBMD was significantly greater in POM women...
  27. ncbi request reprint Sarcopenia and increased adipose tissue infiltration of muscle in elderly African American women
    Mi Yeon Song
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:874-80. 2004
    ..Aging is associated with metabolic, physiologic, and functional impairments, in part through age-related changes in body composition. During the later adult years, skeletal muscle mass decreases and body fat becomes centralized...
  28. ncbi request reprint Body-composition differences between African American and white women: relation to resting energy requirements
    Alfredo Jones
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, Weight Control Unit, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 79:780-6. 2004
    ..Body composition differs between African American (AA) and white women, and the resting metabolic rate (RMR) is likely to be lower in AA women than in white women...
  29. ncbi request reprint Total body potassium differs by sex and race across the adult age span
    Qing He
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, and Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 1025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 78:72-7. 2003
    ..Total body potassium (TBK) is an index of fat-free mass. Data describing changes in TBK in African American, Asian, or Hispanic populations have not been reported...
  30. ncbi request reprint Trunk fat and blood pressure in children through puberty
    Qing He
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Circulation 105:1093-8. 2002
    ..The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between BP and body fat distribution in a large cross-sectional pediatric sample. The effects of race, sex, and puberty on this relationship were assessed...
  31. ncbi request reprint Sex and race differences in fat distribution among Asian, African-American, and Caucasian prepubertal children
    Qing He
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10025, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 87:2164-70. 2002
    ..This comparison of African-American, Asian, and Caucasian prepubertal children suggests phenotypic differences. Additional studies are needed to explore the metabolic and health risk implications of these findings...
  32. pmc Intermuscular adipose tissue rivals visceral adipose tissue in independent associations with cardiovascular risk
    J E Yim
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:1400-5. 2007
    ..The metabolic implications of intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) are poorly understood compared to those of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) even though the absolute quantities of both depots are similar in many individuals...
  33. ncbi request reprint Effects of whey protein and resistance exercise on body cell mass, muscle strength, and quality of life in women with HIV
    D Agin
    Gastrointestinal Division, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, New York 10025, USA
    AIDS 15:2431-40. 2001
    ..To determine the effects of whey protein, resistance exercise, and combined protein and exercise treatment on body cell mass (BCM), muscle strength, and quality of life (QOL) in HIV-infected women with reduced BCM...
  34. ncbi request reprint Prepubertal Asians have less limb skeletal muscle
    Mi Yeon Song
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York 10025, USA
    J Appl Physiol 92:2285-91. 2002
    ..07); 4) and Asian girls had significantly less ASM than Asian boys (P < 0.001). This study indicates that skeletal muscle mass as a fraction of body weight is smaller in Asian compared with African-American and Caucasian children...
  35. ncbi request reprint Techniques used in the measurement of body composition: an overview with emphasis on bioelectrical impedance analysis
    S B Heymsfield
    Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevel Hospital Center, New York, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 64:478S-484S. 1996
    ..Body-composition research is a rapidly expanding area and in-depth systematic evaluation of new methods is a vital aspect of the field's growth...
  36. ncbi request reprint Resting energy expenditure-fat-free mass relationship: new insights provided by body composition modeling
    Z Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 279:E539-45. 2000
    ....
  37. pmc Femoral-gluteal subcutaneous and intermuscular adipose tissues have independent and opposing relationships with CVD risk
    Jung Eun Yim
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, 1090 Amsterdam Ave, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 104:700-7. 2008
    ..05 for both). Femoral-gluteal SAT and femoral-gluteal IMAT distribution varies by sex and race, and these two components have independent and opposing relationships with CVD risk factors...
  38. ncbi request reprint Intermuscular adipose tissue-free skeletal muscle mass: estimation by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in adults
    Jaehee Kim
    Obesity Research Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Appl Physiol 97:655-60. 2004
    ..The DXA-based models are accurate for predicting IMAT-free SM in selected populations and thus provide a new opportunity for quantifying SM in physiological and epidemiological investigations...
  39. ncbi request reprint Sex-specific fat distribution is not linear across pubertal groups in a multiethnic study
    Qing He
    Body Composition Unit Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Plant Basement New York, New York 10025, USA
    Obes Res 12:725-33. 2004
    ..To investigate sexual dimorphism and race differences in fat distribution (android/gynoid) before and during puberty...
  40. pmc Visceral adipose tissue: relationships between single slice areas at different locations and obesity-related health risks
    W Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 31:763-9. 2007
    ..At present, it is unknown whether the area with the highest correlation is also the most strongly associated with obesity-related health risk...
  41. ncbi request reprint Anthropometry and methods of body composition measurement for research and field application in the elderly
    S B Heymsfield
    Obesity Research Center, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 54:S26-32. 2000
    ....
  42. pmc Adipose tissue in muscle: a novel depot similar in size to visceral adipose tissue
    Dympna Gallagher
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:903-10. 2005
    ..The manner in which fat depot volumes and distributions, particularly the adipose tissue (AT) between the muscles, vary by race is unknown...
  43. ncbi request reprint Larger mass of high-metabolic-rate organs does not explain higher resting energy expenditure in children
    Amy Hsu
    Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1506-11. 2003
    ..Children have a high resting energy expenditure (REE) relative to their body weight. The decline in REE during growth may be due to changes in body composition or to changes in the metabolic rate of individual organs and tissues...
  44. pmc Higher insulin, triglycerides, and blood pressure with greater trunk fat in Tanner 1 Chinese
    Qing He
    St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Obesity Research Center, and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University New York, NY 10025, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:1004-11. 2007
    ..The aims of this study were to investigate the body fat distribution pattern in prepubertal Chinese children and to investigate the relationship between central fat distribution and specific biomarkers of cardiovascular disease...
  45. ncbi request reprint MRI brain image segmentation by multi-resolution edge detection and region selection
    H Tang
    Department of Radiology, Hatch NMR Research Center, Columbia University, 710 West 168th St, New York, NY 10023, USA
    Comput Med Imaging Graph 24:349-57. 2000
    ..Examples on both T1 and T2 weighted MRI brain image segmentation is presented, showing finer brain tissue structures...
  46. ncbi request reprint Comparisons of waist circumferences measured at 4 sites
    Jack Wang
    Body Composition Unit and New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:379-84. 2003
    ....
  47. pmc Does percent body fat predict outcome in anorexia nervosa?
    Laurel E S Mayer
    Eating Disorders Research Unit, New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, and New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:970-2. 2007
    ..The goal of this study was to investigate the relationship of body composition and neuroendocrine levels with clinical outcome in women with anorexia nervosa in a relapse-prevention trial...
  48. pmc Body composition changes with aging: the cause or the result of alterations in metabolic rate and macronutrient oxidation?
    Marie Pierre St-Onge
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York, USA
    Nutrition 26:152-5. 2010
    ....
  49. pmc Regional body volumes, BMI, waist circumference, and percentage fat in severely obese adults
    Jack Wang
    Body Composition Unit, New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York 10025, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:2688-98. 2007
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging tracks changes in organ and tissue mass in obese and aging rats
    Haiying Tang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 282:R890-9. 2002
    ..No differences were detected in organ weights using MRI and dissection measurements. Longitudinal MRI measurements made during the development of obesity and aging accurately represented changes in organ and tissue mass...
  51. pmc Lower visceral and subcutaneous but higher intermuscular adipose tissue depots in patients with growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor I excess due to acromegaly
    Pamela U Freda
    Department of Medicine, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, 650 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93:2334-43. 2008
    ..GH and IGF-I are important regulators of metabolism and body composition. In acromegaly, a state of GH and IGF-I excess, the lipolytic and insulin antagonistic effects of GH may alter adipose tissue (AT) distribution...
  52. ncbi request reprint Body cell mass: model development and validation at the cellular level of body composition
    ZiMian Wang
    Weight Control Unit, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 286:E123-8. 2004
    ..0083 x TBK) formulated on rough tissue composition estimates. The present analyses provide a physiologically based, improved, and validated TBK-BCM prediction formula that should prove useful in body composition and metabolism research...
  53. pmc A cellular level approach to predicting resting energy expenditure: Evaluation of applicability in adolescents
    ZiMian Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Hum Biol 22:476-83. 2010
    ..A modified general REE prediction model is thus suggested which may account for the higher REE/FFM ratio observed in adolescents...
  54. ncbi request reprint Body-size dependence of resting energy expenditure can be attributed to nonenergetic homogeneity of fat-free mass
    Steven B Heymsfield
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 282:E132-8. 2002
    ..These observations have important implications for the interpretation of between-individual differences in REE expressed relative to metabolically active tissue mass...
  55. pmc Independent association of insulin resistance with larger amounts of intermuscular adipose tissue and a greater acute insulin response to glucose in African American than in white nondiabetic women
    Jeanine B Albu
    Obesity Research Center, Department of Medicine, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 82:1210-7. 2005
    ..Higher insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia have been reported in adult AAs than in whites. Differences in adipose tissue and its distribution may account for these findings...
  56. ncbi request reprint Is percentage body fat differentially related to body mass index in Hispanic Americans, African Americans, and European Americans?
    Jose R Fernandez
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and the Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:71-5. 2003
    ....
  57. pmc Adipose tissue distribution after weight restoration and weight maintenance in women with anorexia nervosa
    Laurel E S Mayer
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:1132-7. 2009
    ..Whether these abnormalities persist over time remains unknown...
  58. pmc Skeletal muscle mass in acromegaly assessed by magnetic resonance imaging and dual-photon x-ray absorptiometry
    Pamela U Freda
    Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, 630 West 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 94:2880-6. 2009
    ..GH and IGF-I are nitrogen retaining and anabolic, but the impact of long-term exposure to supraphysiological GH and IGF-I, either from endogenous overproduction in acromegaly or exogenous sources, on skeletal muscle (SM) mass is not clear...
  59. pmc Low-dose leptin reverses skeletal muscle, autonomic, and neuroendocrine adaptations to maintenance of reduced weight
    Michael Rosenbaum
    Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York 10032, USA
    J Clin Invest 115:3579-86. 2005
    ..These responses suggest that the weight-reduced state may be regarded as a condition of relative leptin insufficiency. Prevention of weight regain might be achievable by strategies relevant to reversing this leptin-insufficient state...
  60. ncbi request reprint Serum iron and body fat distribution in a multiethnic cohort of adults living in New York City
    Earle C Chambers
    New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:680-4. 2006
    ..To examine the relationship between serum iron and body composition in a multiracial adult cohort...
  61. ncbi request reprint Body fat redistribution after weight gain in women with anorexia nervosa
    Laurel Mayer
    Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:1286-91. 2005
    ..Increasing evidence suggests that the fat distribution immediately after weight restoration in patients with AN differs from the distribution typical of healthy adult women...
  62. pmc Waist circumference correlates with metabolic syndrome indicators better than percentage fat
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:727-36. 2006
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Four commonly used dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanners do not identically classify subjects for osteopenia or osteoporosis by T-score in four bone regions BIz11.5
    Jack Wang
    Body Composition Unit, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Clin Densitom 8:191-8. 2005
    ..These results indicate that classification of bone density in individual subjects using T-scores varies by different DXA scanners, even the scanners were made by the same manufacturer...
  64. pmc Metabolically active portion of fat-free mass: a cellular body composition level modeling analysis
    ZiMian Wang
    Obesity Research Center, 1090 Amsterdam Ave, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 292:E49-53. 2007
    ..584 +/- 0.041 and 0.529 +/- 0.041 for adult men and women (P < 0.001), respectively. A multiple linear regression model showed that there are independent significant associations of sex, age, and fat mass with BCM/FFM...
  65. ncbi request reprint Total body skeletal muscle and adipose tissue volumes: estimation from a single abdominal cross-sectional image
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 97:2333-8. 2004
    ..Measurement of a single abdominal image can thus provide estimates of total body SM and AT for group studies of healthy adults...
  66. ncbi request reprint A cellular-level approach to predicting resting energy expenditure across the adult years
    ZiMian Wang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:799-806. 2005
    ..Although the model predicted REE well in young persons, it overpredicted REE by approximately 11% in elderly adults. This overprediction may occur because of a decline in the fraction of organs and tissues as cell mass with aging...
  67. pmc Total-body skeletal muscle mass: estimation by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in children and adolescents
    Jaehee Kim
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1014-20. 2006
    ..Skeletal muscle (SM) is an important compartment but is difficult to quantify in children and adolescents...
  68. pmc Visceral adipose tissue: relations between single-slice areas and total volume
    Wei Shen
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, and the Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:271-8. 2004
    ..However, the location of the slice with the strongest relation to VAT volume is not established...
  69. ncbi request reprint Serum magnesium and type-2 diabetes in African Americans and Hispanics: a New York cohort
    Earle C Chambers
    Obesity Research Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Am Coll Nutr 25:509-13. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of serum Mg with stage of diabetes measured by fasting serum glucose in a cohort of 485 African American and Hispanic adults...
  70. ncbi request reprint Pencil-beam vs fan-beam dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry comparisons across four systems: body composition and bone mineral
    Janet Mae P Soriano
    Body Composition Unit and New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Clin Densitom 7:281-9. 2004
    ..We conclude that longitudinal studies should always be evaluated on the same system when possible, and translation models should be used to assess cross-instrument differences...
  71. pmc Validation of a 3-dimensional photonic scanner for the measurement of body volumes, dimensions, and percentage body fat
    Jack Wang
    Body Composition Unit, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, 1111 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 83:809-16. 2006
    ..The 3-dimensional photonic scan (3DPS) technique has been used during the past decade in the fashion industry and for epidemiologic surveys to estimate human body sizes...
  72. ncbi request reprint Multi-component body composition models: recent advances and future directions
    A Pietrobelli
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA
    Eur J Clin Nutr 55:69-75. 2001
    ..We summarize the rationale for, applications, and types of multi-component models along with sources of error. Our review presents the strengths and limitations of available models and identifies important future research directions...
  73. pmc Estimating whole body intermuscular adipose tissue from single cross-sectional magnetic resonance images
    Xiang Yan Ruan
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, New York, New York 10025, USA
    J Appl Physiol 102:748-54. 2007
    ..For group studies, it may be more cost-effective to estimate IMAT based on one or more slices than to acquire and segment for each subject the numerous images necessary to quantify whole body IMAT...
  74. pmc Body composition in premature adrenarche by structural MRI, 1H MRS and DXA
    Natasha Leibel
    Department of Pediatrics, New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 22:301-7. 2009
    ..Visceral adiposity and increased intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) are associated with insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular disease...
  75. ncbi request reprint Total-body skeletal muscle mass: estimation by a new dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry method
    Jaehee Kim
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital and the Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10025, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 76:378-83. 2002
    ..A large proportion of total-body SM is found in the extremities, and a large proportion of extremity lean soft tissue is SM. A strong link should thus exist between appendicular lean soft tissue (ALST) mass and total-body SM mass...
  76. ncbi request reprint In vivo determination of body composition of rats using magnetic resonance imaging
    H Tang
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, New York 10025, USA
    Ann N Y Acad Sci 904:32-41. 2000
    ..The software for 3-D data segmentation, quantification, correction, image manipulation, and visualization has been developed as a research tool. This method currently is being validated...
  77. ncbi request reprint Pencil-beam versus fan-beam dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry comparisons across four systems: appendicular lean soft tissue
    E Ioannidou
    New York Obesity Research Center St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Institute of Human Nutrition College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Acta Diabetol 40:S83-5. 2003
    ..There was no significant bias detected across the four systems. ALST estimates from the evaluated DXA systems are comparable and thus appear interchangeable as methods for quantifying total body SM in vivo...
  78. ncbi request reprint Effects of contingent television on physical activity and television viewing in obese children
    M S Faith
    Obesity Research Center, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, USA
    Pediatrics 107:1043-8. 2001
    ..68). CONCLUSIONS: Contingencies in the home environment can be arranged to modify physical activity and TV viewing and may have a role in treating childhood obesity. Contingent TV may be one method to help achieve this goal...
  79. pmc iDXA, Prodigy, and DPXL dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry whole-body scans: a cross-calibration study
    Holly Hull
    Department of Medicine, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, and Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Clin Densitom 12:95-102. 2009
    ....
  80. pmc Genetic architecture of prostate cancer in the Ashkenazi Jewish population
    J Vijai
    Clinical Genetics Service, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA
    Br J Cancer 105:864-9. 2011
    ..No study has yet investigated whether these single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with prostate cancer in the Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) population...
  81. pmc Smaller organ mass with greater age, except for heart
    Qing He
    New York Obesity Research Center, New York, NY 10025, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 106:1780-4. 2009
    ..037). These findings demonstrate that age has a significant effect on brain, kidneys, liver, spleen, and heart mass. The age effect was independent of race and sex...
  82. pmc Assessment methods in human body composition
    Seon Yeong Lee
    Body Composition Unit, Obesity Research Center, St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University, New York, New York, USA
    Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 11:566-72. 2008
    ..The present study reviews the most recently developed and commonly used methods for the determination of human body composition in vivo with relevance for nutritional assessment...
  83. ncbi request reprint Sarcopenic obesity predicts instrumental activities of daily living disability in the elderly
    Richard N Baumgartner
    Aging and Genetic Epidemiology Program, Division of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131, USA
    Obes Res 12:1995-2004. 2004
    ..To determine the association of sarcopenic obesity with the onset of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) disability in a cohort of 451 elderly men and women followed for up to 8 years...
  84. ncbi request reprint Comparison of visceral adipose tissue mass in adult African Americans and whites
    Daniel J Hoffman
    Department of Nutritional Sciences, Rutgers University, Room 230 Davison Hall, 26 Nichol Avenue, Room 228B, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
    Obes Res 13:66-74. 2005
    ..This study was designed to measure the extent to which race is associated with VAT, controlling for total adipose tissue (TAT) mass and testosterone...
  85. ncbi request reprint Truncal adiposity and lung function in older black women
    Earle C Chambers
    Department of Family and Social Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, 1300 Morris Park Ave, Mazer 111, Bronx, New York 10461, USA
    Lung 186:13-7. 2008
    ..Results of this study show that truncal fat mass measured by DXA is more strongly associated with lung function than anthropometric indices of truncal adiposity in this sample of women...
  86. pmc Scaling of human body composition to stature: new insights into body mass index
    Steven B Heymsfield
    From Merck and Company, Rahway, NJ 07065 0900, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 86:82-91. 2007
    ..Although Quetelet first reported in 1835 that adult weight scales to the square of stature, limited or no information is available on how anatomical body compartments, including adipose tissue (AT), scale to height...
  87. ncbi request reprint Weight loss in older women: influences on body composition
    Dympna Gallagher
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:957-8. 2006
  88. ncbi request reprint Comparison of body composition methods during weight loss in obese women using herbal formula
    Ho Jun Kim
    Department of Oriental Rehabilitation Medicine, Ilsan International Hospital, Dongguk University, Goyang, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea
    Am J Chin Med 33:851-8. 2005
    ....
  89. ncbi request reprint Body composition changes in stable-weight elderly subjects: the effect of sex
    Mauro Zamboni
    Chair of Geriatrics, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
    Aging Clin Exp Res 15:321-7. 2003
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate yearly age-related changes in body composition and fat distribution, over a two-year period, in 101 women and 60 men (age range: 68 to 78 years at baseline)...
  90. ncbi request reprint Dubious assumptions underlying the adjustment of metabolic rates for changes in fat-free mass
    Dympna Gallagher
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 88:3454; author reply 3454-5. 2003

Research Grants16

  1. BODY COMPOSITION: METHODS, MODEL & CLINICAL APPLICATION
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  2. Body Composition & REE Responses to Bariatric Surgeries
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..abstract_text> ..
  3. Metabolic Effects of Differential Organ Growth Rates
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed studies will provide new insights into growth-related changes in REE and between-individual REE differences, notably those observed between race groups. ..
  4. Metabolic Effects of Differential Organ Growth Rates
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed studies will provide new insights into growth-related changes in REE and between-individual REE differences, notably those observed between race groups. ..
  5. MRI Derived Organ & Tissue Mass Changes With Weight Loss
    Dympna Gallagher; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The proposed studies promise to answer important body composition related questions regarding the composition of weight loss at the organ/tissue level. ..