Richard A Hansen

Summary

Affiliation: College of Veterinary Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Expert panel assessment of acute liver injury identification in observational data
    Richard A Hansen
    Department of Pharmacy Care Systems, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, Auburn, AL Electronic address
    Res Social Adm Pharm 10:156-67. 2014
  2. doi request reprint How well do various health outcome definitions identify appropriate cases in observational studies?
    Richard A Hansen
    Department of Pharmacy Care Systems, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, 020 Foy Hall, Auburn, AL, 36849, USA
    Drug Saf 36:S27-32. 2013
  3. pmc Comparative effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on blood pressure in patients with hypertension
    Hisham Aljadhey
    College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 12:93. 2012
  4. doi request reprint Performance of Medometer visual tool for measuring medication adherence and comparison with other measures
    Richard A Hansen
    Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, 020 Foy Hall, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 53:198-205. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Adherence to antipsychotics and cardiometabolic medication: association with health care utilization and costs
    Richard A Hansen
    Department of Pharmacy Care Systems, Auburn University, 207 Dunstan Hall, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 63:920-8. 2012
  6. doi request reprint Risk of adverse events in treatment-resistant depression: propensity-score-matched comparison of antidepressant augment and switch strategies
    Richard A Hansen
    Department of Pharmacy Care Systems, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, 207 Dunstan Hall, Auburn, AL 36849 5506, USA
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 34:192-200. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Relationship of pharmaceutical promotion to antidepressant switching and adherence: a retrospective cohort study
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 61:1232-8. 2010
  8. doi request reprint Treating depression after initial treatment failure: directly comparing switch and augmenting strategies in STAR*D
    Bradley N Gaynes
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 32:114-9. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Medication errors during patient transitions into nursing homes: characteristics and association with patient harm
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 9:413-22. 2011
  10. doi request reprint Exploratory evaluation of medication classes most commonly involved in nursing home errors
    Rishi J Desai
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Am Med Dir Assoc 14:403-8. 2013

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. doi request reprint Expert panel assessment of acute liver injury identification in observational data
    Richard A Hansen
    Department of Pharmacy Care Systems, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, Auburn, AL Electronic address
    Res Social Adm Pharm 10:156-67. 2014
    ..Observational data are useful for studying drug safety; however, to be effective, accurate outcome measurement is paramount...
  2. doi request reprint How well do various health outcome definitions identify appropriate cases in observational studies?
    Richard A Hansen
    Department of Pharmacy Care Systems, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, 020 Foy Hall, Auburn, AL, 36849, USA
    Drug Saf 36:S27-32. 2013
    ..Observational data can be useful for drug safety research, but accurate measurement of adverse health outcomes is paramount. Best practices for identifying important health outcomes of interest (HOI) are needed...
  3. pmc Comparative effects of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on blood pressure in patients with hypertension
    Hisham Aljadhey
    College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 12:93. 2012
    ..The objective of this study was to examine the association between incident use of NSAIDs and blood pressure in patients with hypertension...
  4. doi request reprint Performance of Medometer visual tool for measuring medication adherence and comparison with other measures
    Richard A Hansen
    Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, 020 Foy Hall, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 53:198-205. 2013
    ..To measure adherence in older adults with the use of a novel visual scale screening tool and to compare this adherence measurement with other adherence measures...
  5. doi request reprint Adherence to antipsychotics and cardiometabolic medication: association with health care utilization and costs
    Richard A Hansen
    Department of Pharmacy Care Systems, Auburn University, 207 Dunstan Hall, Auburn, AL 36849, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 63:920-8. 2012
    ..This study examined the association between adherence to antipsychotic and cardiometabolic medication and annual use of health care services and expenditures...
  6. doi request reprint Risk of adverse events in treatment-resistant depression: propensity-score-matched comparison of antidepressant augment and switch strategies
    Richard A Hansen
    Department of Pharmacy Care Systems, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, 207 Dunstan Hall, Auburn, AL 36849 5506, USA
    Gen Hosp Psychiatry 34:192-200. 2012
    ..The objective was to assess differences in adverse events between major depressive patients augmented with a second medication and patients switched to an alternative monotherapy after failing first-step treatment with citalopram...
  7. doi request reprint Relationship of pharmaceutical promotion to antidepressant switching and adherence: a retrospective cohort study
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 61:1232-8. 2010
    ..The objectives of this study were to explore whether promotional spending is related to early antidepressant switching, acute-phase adherence, and continuation-phase adherence...
  8. doi request reprint Treating depression after initial treatment failure: directly comparing switch and augmenting strategies in STAR*D
    Bradley N Gaynes
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Clin Psychopharmacol 32:114-9. 2012
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Medication errors during patient transitions into nursing homes: characteristics and association with patient harm
    Rishi Desai
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 9:413-22. 2011
    ..Patients transitioning to a nursing home from their home or other facility are at high risk for medication errors...
  10. doi request reprint Exploratory evaluation of medication classes most commonly involved in nursing home errors
    Rishi J Desai
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Am Med Dir Assoc 14:403-8. 2013
    ..Current literature lacks data regarding the drug classes most frequently involved in errors in this population and their risk relative to underlying drug class utilization rates...
  11. ncbi request reprint Efficacy and safety of second-generation antidepressants in the treatment of major depressive disorder
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Policy and Evaluative Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Ann Intern Med 143:415-26. 2005
    ....
  12. ncbi request reprint The association of consumer cost-sharing and direct-to-consumer advertising with prescription drug use
    Richard A Hansen
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Division of Pharmaceutical Policy and Evaluative Sciences, CB 7360, Room 205M, Beard Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Res Social Adm Pharm 1:139-57. 2005
    ..Previous research on the impact of various cost-sharing strategies on prescription drug use has not considered the impact of direct-to-consumer (DTC) advertising...
  13. doi request reprint Distressing adverse events after antidepressant switch in the Sequenced Treatment Alternatives to Relieve Depression (STAR*D) trial: influence of adverse events during initial treatment with citalopram on development of subsequent adverse events with an a
    Aaron J Katz
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 32:234-43. 2012
    ..To determine whether distressing adverse events (DAEs) experienced during initial antidepressant treatment are associated with subsequent DAEs after switching to a second antidepressant...
  14. pmc Does the presence of accompanying symptom clusters differentiate the comparative effectiveness of second-line medication strategies for treating depression?
    Bradley N Gaynes
    Department of Psychiatry, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7160, USA
    Depress Anxiety 28:989-98. 2011
    ..We explored whether clinical outcomes differ by treatment strategy following initial antidepressant treatment failure among patients with and without clinically relevant symptom clusters...
  15. ncbi request reprint Medication therapy management services in North Carolina community pharmacies: current practice patterns and projected demand
    Richard A Hansen
    School of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Campus Box 7360, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 46:700-6. 2006
    ....
  16. doi request reprint Online medication error graphic reports: a pilot in North Carolina nursing homes
    Sandra B Greene
    Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7590, USA
    J Patient Saf 7:92-8. 2011
    ..We created and pilot tested a new online graphic reporting feature to give homes practical and timely reports on their own reported errors for use in improving medication processes...
  17. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of medication therapy management services for patients with cardiovascular disease in a self-insured employer health plan
    Saranrat Wittayanukorn
    Auburn University Harrison School of Pharmacy, 020 James E Foy Hall, Auburn, AL 36849 5506, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 19:385-95. 2013
    ..Nevertheless, the impact of such MTM services on outcomes is still unclear, especially from the perspective of the self-insured employer. ..
  18. pmc Confounding control in a nonexperimental study of STAR*D data: logistic regression balanced covariates better than boosted CART
    Alan R Ellis
    Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7590, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 23:204-9. 2013
    ..Propensity scores (PSs), a powerful bias-reduction tool, can balance treatment groups on measured covariates in nonexperimental studies. We demonstrate the use of multiple PS estimation methods to optimize covariate balance...
  19. pmc Prescription refill records as a screening tool to identify antidepressant non-adherence
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:33-7. 2010
    ..Accordingly, our purpose was to determine the shortest gap in medication supply that is predictive of discontinuation, while minimizing false positive results...
  20. pmc Efficacy and tolerability of second-generation antidepressants in social anxiety disorder
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 23:170-9. 2008
    ..Overall, a fair amount of evidence supports the efficacy of escitalopram, fluvoxamine, paroxetine, sertraline, and venlafaxine in social anxiety disorder. The drugs do not differ in efficacy, although their adverse event profiles do...
  21. ncbi request reprint Systematic review: comparative effectiveness and harms of disease-modifying medications for rheumatoid arthritis
    Katrina E Donahue
    University of North Carolina and Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Ann Intern Med 148:124-34. 2008
    ..The comparative effectiveness of rheumatoid arthritis therapies is uncertain...
  22. pmc Risk of adverse gastrointestinal events from inhaled corticosteroids
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Pharmacy, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7360, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 28:1325-34. 2008
    ..To determine whether patients prescribed inhaled corticosteroids are at risk for adverse gastrointestinal effects...
  23. doi request reprint Effect of ropinirole on sleep outcomes in patients with restless legs syndrome: meta-analysis of pooled individual patient data from randomized controlled trials
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, Center for Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7360, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 29:255-62. 2009
    ....
  24. doi request reprint Patterns in nursing home medication errors: disproportionality analysis as a novel method to identify quality improvement opportunities
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7573, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 19:1087-94. 2010
    ..This approach can supplement descriptive data and target quality improvement efforts...
  25. doi request reprint A retrospective cohort study of economic outcomes and adherence to monotherapy with metformin, pioglitazone, or a sulfonylurea among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the United States from 2003 to 2005
    Richard A Hansen
    University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 27599, USA
    Clin Ther 32:1308-19. 2010
    ....
  26. doi request reprint Continuity of antipsychotic medication management for Medicaid patients with schizophrenia
    Joel F Farley
    UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Campus Box 7573, Kerr Hall 2204, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 62:747-52. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine whether medication refill behavior varies by the number of prescribers of antipsychotic medication a patient has...
  27. pmc Direct-to-consumer and physician promotion of tegaserod correlated with physician visits, diagnoses, and prescriptions
    Spencer D Dorn
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7080, USA
    Gastroenterology 137:518-24, 524.e1-2. 2009
    ..We sought to determine the relationship between promotion of tegaserod and the number of office visits for abdominal pain, constipation, and bloating; diagnoses of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); and tegaserod prescriptions...
  28. pmc Efficacy and safety of donepezil, galantamine, and rivastigmine for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Richard A Hansen
    School of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Clin Interv Aging 3:211-25. 2008
    ..63 and 1.42, respectively). Indirect comparisons also favored donepezil over galantamine with regard to behavior. Across trials, the incidence of adverse events was generally lowest for donepezil and highest for rivastigmine...
  29. doi request reprint Depression affects adherence measurement but not the effectiveness of an adherence intervention in heart failure patients
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 49:760-8. 2009
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Developing an expert panel process to refine health outcome definitions in observational data
    Brent I Fox
    Auburn University, Harrison School of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy Care Systems, 020 Foy Hall, Auburn, AL 36849, USA Electronic address
    J Biomed Inform 46:795-804. 2013
    ....
  31. pmc Investigating differences in treatment effect estimates between propensity score matching and weighting: a demonstration using STAR*D trial data
    Alan R Ellis
    Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 22:138-44. 2013
    ..Using effectiveness data, we describe lessons learned from sensitivity analyses with matched and weighted estimates...
  32. pmc Controlling for drug dose in systematic review and meta-analysis: a case study of the effect of antidepressant dose
    Richard A Hansen
    School of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Med Decis Making 29:91-103. 2009
    ..Second-generation antidepressants are used as an example to illustrate this method and to determine whether dose influences conclusions on comparative effectiveness...
  33. ncbi request reprint Geographic Information System mapping as a tool to assess nonresponse bias in survey research
    Richard A Hansen
    School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Campus Box 7360, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Res Social Adm Pharm 3:249-64. 2007
    ..In a 2005 survey of North Carolina community pharmacy managers using a Web-based data collection instrument, we achieved an overall response rate of 23%...
  34. doi request reprint Analgesic medication errors in North Carolina nursing homes
    Rishi J Desai
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother 27:125-31. 2013
    ..1-7.8). The authors conclude that opioid analgesics represent the majority of analgesic error reports, and these error reports reflect an increased likelihood of patient harm compared with nonopioid analgesics...
  35. ncbi request reprint Types of medication errors in North Carolina nursing homes: a target for quality improvement
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 4:52-61. 2006
    ..Gaining a better understanding of the types of medications commonly involved in medication errors in nursing homes would be an important step toward quality improvement...
  36. ncbi request reprint Second-generation antidepressant discontinuation and depressive relapse in adult patients with bipolar depression: results of a retrospective database analysis
    Alex Z Fu
    Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, and Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
    Clin Ther 28:979-89. 2006
    ..To date, few postmarketing studies have addressed whether long-term prophylactic treatment with second-generation antidepressants (ADs) delays depressive episodes in patients with bipolar disorder...
  37. ncbi request reprint Serious adverse events with infliximab: analysis of spontaneously reported adverse events
    Richard A Hansen
    Center for Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 5:729-35. 2007
    ..The aims of this study were to explore adverse event signals with infliximab by using a long period of post-marketing experience, stratifying by indication...
  38. doi request reprint Mixed treatment comparison of the treatment discontinuations of biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs in adults with rheumatoid arthritis
    Rishi J Desai
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 46:1491-505. 2012
    ..Very little information is available on comparative discontinuation rates of the biologics...
  39. pmc Predialysis chronic kidney disease: evaluation of quality of life in clinic patients receiving comprehensive anemia care
    Richard A Hansen
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Res Social Adm Pharm 5:143-53. 2009
    ..Anemia is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), and suboptimal management of anemia can lead to serious health complications and poor quality of life (QOL)...
  40. pmc Efficacy and safety of inhaled corticosteroids in patients with COPD: a systematic review and meta-analysis of health outcomes
    Gerald Gartlehner
    Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Ann Fam Med 4:253-62. 2006
    ..We wanted to review systematically the efficacy, effectiveness, and safety of inhaled corticosteroids with respect to health outcomes in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
  41. doi request reprint Comparison of methods to assess medication adherence and classify nonadherence
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Campus Box 7360, 2205 Kerr Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 43:413-22. 2009
    ..Various measures of medication adherence exist, but there is controversy regarding which measures provide acceptable data and how nonadherence should be defined...
  42. ncbi request reprint Factors influencing the shift of patients from one proton pump inhibitor to another: the effect of direct-to-consumer advertising
    Richard A Hansen
    Division of Pharmaceutical Policy and Evaluative Sciences, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Clin Ther 27:1478-87. 2005
    ..Switching from one proton pump inhibitor (PPI) to another is common, and may be related to factors other than efficacy and tolerability...
  43. pmc Statins are associated with reduced use of steroids in inflammatory bowel disease: a retrospective cohort study
    Seth D Crockett
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Inflamm Bowel Dis 18:1048-56. 2012
    ..Statin medications have antiinflammatory effects. We sought to determine whether statin use in persons with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was associated with reduced rates of steroid use or other markers of disease activity...
  44. ncbi request reprint The comparative efficacy and safety of biologics for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review and metaanalysis
    Gerald Gartlehner
    Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services, and School of Public Health, Health Policy and Administration, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    J Rheumatol 33:2398-408. 2006
    ..In addition, dosing regimens and routes of administration differ substantially among biologics. In a systematic review, we assessed the comparative efficacy and safety of biologic agents for RA...
  45. ncbi request reprint Functional outcomes of drug treatment in Alzheimer's disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Richard A Hansen
    School of Pharmacy, Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA
    Drugs Aging 24:155-67. 2007
    ..Patient functioning is an important outcome in Alzheimer's disease, but treatment-related improvements in patient function are difficult to quantify because a number of different scales are used in its measurement...
  46. ncbi request reprint Methodological challenges surrounding direct-to-consumer advertising research--the measurement conundrum
    Richard A Hansen
    University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Division of Pharmaceutical Policy and Evaluative Sciences, CB 7360 205M Beard Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Res Social Adm Pharm 1:331-47. 2005
    ....
  47. doi request reprint Comparative benefits and harms of second-generation antidepressants for treating major depressive disorder: an updated meta-analysis
    Gerald Gartlehner
    Danube University, Krems, Austria
    Ann Intern Med 155:772-85. 2011
    ..Second-generation antidepressants dominate the management of major depressive disorder (MDD), but evidence on the comparative benefits and harms of these agents is contradictory...
  48. ncbi request reprint Factors associated with potentially inappropriate drug utilization in a sample of rural community-dwelling older adults
    Susan J Blalock
    School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 7360, USA
    Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 3:168-79. 2005
    ..The Beers criteria are often used to identify such medications. Past research has documented that use of Beers drugs is common among older adults...
  49. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of product switching after a state Medicaid program began covering loratadine OTC 1 year after market availability
    Troy K Trygstad
    Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, School of Pharmacy, C B 7360, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7360, USA
    J Manag Care Pharm 12:108-20. 2006
    ..The objective of this study was to determine patterns of LSA utilization in relation to changes in OTC availability and Medicaid coverage policy and to assess the rate of product switching associated with these policies...
  50. ncbi request reprint Discontinuation rates for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and other second-generation antidepressants in outpatients with major depressive disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Gerald Gartlehner
    Cecil G Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Int Clin Psychopharmacol 20:59-69. 2005
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint The burden of gastrointestinal and liver diseases, 2006
    Nicholas J Shaheen
    Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Gastroenterol 101:2128-38. 2006
    ..Digestive and liver diseases are a source of significant morbidity, mortality, and health-care costs for the U.S. population. An annual report of the toll of these diseases could be helpful to clinicians, policymakers, and researchers...