Heidi Kalkwarf

Summary

Affiliation: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Bone mineral content and density of the lumbar spine of infants and toddlers: influence of age, sex, race, growth, and human milk feeding
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 28:206-12. 2013
  2. pmc Vitamin D deficiency is common in children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 7035, USA
    Kidney Int 81:690-7. 2012
  3. pmc Flip flops, dress clothes, and no coat: clothing barriers to children's physical activity in child-care centers identified from a qualitative study
    Kristen A Copeland
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 6:74. 2009
  4. ncbi request reprint Vitamin K, bone turnover, and bone mass in girls
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1075-80. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Lactation and maternal bone health
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Adv Exp Med Biol 554:101-14. 2004
  6. pmc Tracking of bone mass and density during childhood and adolescence
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:1690-8. 2010
  7. pmc Fracture risk in children with a forearm injury is associated with volumetric bone density and cortical area (by peripheral QCT) and areal bone density (by DXA)
    H J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, ML 7035, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Osteoporos Int 22:607-16. 2011
  8. ncbi request reprint The bone mineral density in childhood study: bone mineral content and density according to age, sex, and race
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:2087-99. 2007
  9. pmc Dietary patterns associated with fat and bone mass in young children
    Karen S Wosje
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:294-303. 2010
  10. pmc Residential injuries in U.S. children and adolescents
    Kieran J Phelan
    Division of Health Policy and Clinical Effectiveness, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Public Health Rep 120:63-70. 2005

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications27

  1. pmc Bone mineral content and density of the lumbar spine of infants and toddlers: influence of age, sex, race, growth, and human milk feeding
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 28:206-12. 2013
    ..Future studies are needed to identify the age when sex and race differences in aBMD occur, and how best to account for delayed or accelerated growth in the context of bone health assessment of infants and toddlers...
  2. pmc Vitamin D deficiency is common in children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 7035, USA
    Kidney Int 81:690-7. 2012
    ..Thus, lower 25-hydroxyvitamin D may contribute to hyperparathyroidism, inflammation, and lower 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in children and adolescents, especially those with advanced kidney disease...
  3. pmc Flip flops, dress clothes, and no coat: clothing barriers to children's physical activity in child-care centers identified from a qualitative study
    Kristen A Copeland
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 6:74. 2009
    ..abstract:..
  4. ncbi request reprint Vitamin K, bone turnover, and bone mass in girls
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:1075-80. 2004
    ..Vitamin K has been suggested to have a role in bone metabolism, and low vitamin K intake has been related to low bone density and increased risk of osteoporotic fracture...
  5. ncbi request reprint Lactation and maternal bone health
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Adv Exp Med Biol 554:101-14. 2004
    ....
  6. pmc Tracking of bone mass and density during childhood and adolescence
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 95:1690-8. 2010
    ..The stability of a characteristic during growth is referred to as "tracking."..
  7. pmc Fracture risk in children with a forearm injury is associated with volumetric bone density and cortical area (by peripheral QCT) and areal bone density (by DXA)
    H J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, ML 7035, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Osteoporos Int 22:607-16. 2011
    ..Odds ratios per SD decrease in bone characteristics measured by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were similar (1.28 to 1.41)...
  8. ncbi request reprint The bone mineral density in childhood study: bone mineral content and density according to age, sex, and race
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 92:2087-99. 2007
    ..Low bone mass may increase risk of fracture. Several chronic medical conditions, medications, and lifestyle factors affect bone mineral accrual. Appropriate reference values are essential for identification of children with bone deficits...
  9. pmc Dietary patterns associated with fat and bone mass in young children
    Karen S Wosje
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 92:294-303. 2010
    ..However, there is little information on what constitutes a diet that simultaneously promotes low fat mass and high bone mass accrual early in life...
  10. pmc Residential injuries in U.S. children and adolescents
    Kieran J Phelan
    Division of Health Policy and Clinical Effectiveness, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center and Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Public Health Rep 120:63-70. 2005
    ..S. children, but little research exists on injury in the home environment. The purpose of this study was to estimate the rate and severity of and trends in unintentional residential injury for U.S. children <20 years for 1993-1999...
  11. doi request reprint Predictors of poor weight gain in infants with a single ventricle
    Jeffrey B Anderson
    Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    J Pediatr 157:407-13, 413.e1. 2010
    ..To assess growth from the time of neonatal discharge to the time of performance of the bidirectional Glenn (BDG) procedure in infants with a single ventricle and determine predictors of poor growth...
  12. doi request reprint Lower weight-for-age z score adversely affects hospital length of stay after the bidirectional Glenn procedure in 100 infants with a single ventricle
    Jeffrey B Anderson
    Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45259, USA
    J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 138:397-404.e1. 2009
    ..We sought to assess the effect of nutritional status at the time of the bidirectional Glenn procedure on short-term outcomes...
  13. pmc Adiposity and TV viewing are related to less bone accrual in young children
    Karen S Wosje
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    J Pediatr 154:79-85.e2. 2009
    ..To examine the relation between baseline fat mass and gain in bone area and bone mass in preschoolers studied prospectively for 4 years, with a focus on the role of physical activity and TV viewing...
  14. ncbi request reprint Measurement error of DXA: interpretation of fat and lean mass changes in obese and non-obese children
    Karen S Wosje
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    J Clin Densitom 9:335-40. 2006
    ..An obese child must lose or gain more absolute fat and lean mass than a non-obese child to be confident that the change is not a reflection of measurement error. Overall, SDD values for fat, lean, and bone mass are low...
  15. pmc Vitamin D receptor Fok1 polymorphism and blood lead concentration in children
    Erin N Haynes
    Cincinnati Children s Environmental Health Center and General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, and Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 111:1665-9. 2003
    ..These data suggest that VDR -Fok1 is an effect modifier of the relationship of floor dust lead exposure and blood lead concentration...
  16. ncbi request reprint Breast milk feeding rates of mothers of multiples compared to mothers of singletons
    Sheela R Geraghty
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 4:226-31. 2004
    ..The objectives of this study were to determine and compare the rates of breast milk feeding of mothers of multiples and mothers of singletons...
  17. ncbi request reprint Human milk pumping rates of mothers of singletons and mothers of multiples
    Sheela R Geraghty
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, and Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Ohio 45229, USA
    J Hum Lact 21:413-20. 2005
    ..More research is needed to better understand why mothers choose pumping over direct human milk feedings and to evaluate the health outcomes associated with this practice...
  18. ncbi request reprint Lactation, weaning, and calcium supplementation: effects on body composition in postpartum women
    Karen S Wosje
    Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Division of General and Community Pediatrics, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 7035, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 80:423-9. 2004
    ..Lactation is believed to facilitate postpartum weight loss and fat loss. Calcium intake also has been hypothesized to promote weight loss and fat loss...
  19. pmc Association of depressive symptoms and anxiety with bone mass and density in ever-smoking and never-smoking adolescent girls
    Lorah D Dorn
    University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, and Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 162:1181-8. 2008
    ..To examine (1) the association of depressive and anxiety symptoms with bone mass and density in adolescent girls and (2) to examine this association in subgroups of those who have ever or never smoked...
  20. ncbi request reprint Bone mineral changes during pregnancy and lactation
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA
    Endocrine 17:49-53. 2002
    ..The recovery of bone is complete for most women and occurs even with shortly spaced pregnancies. Epidemiologic studies have found that pregnancy and lactation are not associated with an increased risk of osteoporotic fractures...
  21. ncbi request reprint Milk intake during childhood and adolescence, adult bone density, and osteoporotic fractures in US women
    Heidi J Kalkwarf
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Children s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229 3039, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:257-65. 2003
    ..Calcium supplements increase bone mass in children, but the effect does not persist once supplementation is discontinued...
  22. ncbi request reprint Comparison of feeding among multiple birth infants
    Sheela R Geraghty
    Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati, Ohio 45229 3039, USA
    Twin Res 7:542-7. 2004
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Effective dose of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans in children as a function of age
    Stephen R Thomas
    Department of Radiology, University of Cincinnati, College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, USA
    J Clin Densitom 8:415-22. 2005
    ..With the exception of the hip scans in 1- and 5-yr-olds, the effective doses were below the negligible individual dose limit of 10 microSv/yr...
  24. ncbi request reprint A randomized clinical trial of dietary calcium to improve bone accretion in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
    Lori J Stark
    Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children s Hospital Medical Center University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, OH 45229, USA
    J Pediatr 148:501-7. 2006
    ..To examine a behavioral intervention (BI) to increase calcium intake in children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) on calcium intake and bone mass 6 and 12 months after treatment...
  25. ncbi request reprint Relationships between bone mass and circulating leptin concentrations in Hutterites
    Karen S Wosje
    Ethel Austin Martin Program in Human Nutrition, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
    Bone 34:1017-22. 2004
    ..It is possible that genetic influences that interfere with hypothalamic leptin signaling, in a manner unrelated to adipocyte leptin production, contribute to elevated Hutterite bone density...
  26. doi request reprint Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry interpretation and reporting in children and adolescents: the 2007 ISCD Pediatric Official Positions
    Catherine M Gordon
    Division of Endocrinology, Children s Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    J Clin Densitom 11:43-58. 2008
    ..The rationale and evidence for development of the Official Positions are provided. Given the sparse data currently available in many of these areas, it is likely that these positions will change over time as new data become available...
  27. doi request reprint Official Positions of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry and executive summary of the 2007 ISCD Pediatric Position Development Conference
    Sanford Baim
    Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA
    J Clin Densitom 11:6-21. 2008
    ..This report describes the methodology and results of the 2007 Pediatric PDC, and a summary of all ISCD Official Positions, including the ones recently adopted by this 2007 Pediatric PDC and the 2007 Lansdowne, Virginia, USA Adult PDC...

Research Grants3

  1. BONE DENSITY AND FOREARM FRACTURES IN INJURED CHILDREN
    Heidi Kalkwarf; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Understanding the determinants of this measurement will inform strategies to promote healthy bone and decrease fracture risk in childhood. ..