Ralph A Tripp

Summary

Affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Respiratory syncytial virus G and/or SH protein alters Th1 cytokines, natural killer cells, and neutrophils responding to pulmonary infection in BALB/c mice
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 73:7099-107. 1999
  2. ncbi request reprint Role of cytokines in the development and maintenance of memory T cells during respiratory viral infection
    Ralph A Tripp
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, 1600 Clifton Rd, Mailstop G 09, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Curr Pharm Des 9:51-9. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Substance P receptor expression on lymphocytes is associated with the immune response to respiratory syncytial virus infection
    Ralph A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Neuroimmunol 129:141-53. 2002
  4. ncbi request reprint Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from infants hospitalized because of respiratory syncytial virus infection express T helper-1 and T helper-2 cytokines and CC chemokine messenger RNA
    Ralph A Tripp
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 185:1388-94. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint CX3C chemokine mimicry by respiratory syncytial virus G glycoprotein
    R A Tripp
    National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Mailstop G 09, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Nat Immunol 2:732-8. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint CD4(+) T cell frequencies and Th1/Th2 cytokine patterns expressed in the acute and memory response to respiratory syncytial virus I-E(d)-restricted peptides
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Cell Immunol 207:59-71. 2001
  7. pmc Respiratory syncytial virus G and/or SH glycoproteins modify CC and CXC chemokine mRNA expression in the BALB/c mouse
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 74:6227-9. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint TH(1)- and TH(2)-TYPE cytokine expression by activated t lymphocytes from the lung and spleen during the inflammatory response to respiratory syncytial virus
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA
    Cytokine 12:801-7. 2000
  9. ncbi request reprint CD40 ligand (CD154) enhances the Th1 and antibody responses to respiratory syncytial virus in the BALB/c mouse
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Immunol 164:5913-21. 2000
  10. pmc Respiratory syncytial virus infection and G and/or SH protein expression contribute to substance P, which mediates inflammation and enhanced pulmonary disease in BALB/c mice
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 74:1614-22. 2000

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications44

  1. pmc Respiratory syncytial virus G and/or SH protein alters Th1 cytokines, natural killer cells, and neutrophils responding to pulmonary infection in BALB/c mice
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 73:7099-107. 1999
    ..These data show that G and/or SH protein has a marked impact on the inflammatory and innate immune response to RSV infection...
  2. ncbi request reprint Role of cytokines in the development and maintenance of memory T cells during respiratory viral infection
    Ralph A Tripp
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, 1600 Clifton Rd, Mailstop G 09, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Curr Pharm Des 9:51-9. 2003
    ..This review addresses aspects of T cell biology that constitute the response to respiratory viral infections...
  3. ncbi request reprint Substance P receptor expression on lymphocytes is associated with the immune response to respiratory syncytial virus infection
    Ralph A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Neuroimmunol 129:141-53. 2002
    ..These results suggest that SP receptor expression may be important in the development of primary and secondary immune responses to respiratory virus infections...
  4. ncbi request reprint Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from infants hospitalized because of respiratory syncytial virus infection express T helper-1 and T helper-2 cytokines and CC chemokine messenger RNA
    Ralph A Tripp
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 185:1388-94. 2002
    ..The results suggest that RSV infection induces both Th1 and Th2 cytokine expression and CC chemokine expression...
  5. ncbi request reprint CX3C chemokine mimicry by respiratory syncytial virus G glycoprotein
    R A Tripp
    National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Mailstop G 09, 1600 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Nat Immunol 2:732-8. 2001
    ..We also show that CX3CR1 facilitates RSV infection of cells. Thus, G glycoprotein interaction with CX3CR1 probably plays a key role in the biology of RSV infection...
  6. ncbi request reprint CD4(+) T cell frequencies and Th1/Th2 cytokine patterns expressed in the acute and memory response to respiratory syncytial virus I-E(d)-restricted peptides
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    Cell Immunol 207:59-71. 2001
    ..The frequency and breadth of cytokine expression by I-E(d)-restricted CD4(+) T cells to peptide stimulation was diminished in the memory response...
  7. pmc Respiratory syncytial virus G and/or SH glycoproteins modify CC and CXC chemokine mRNA expression in the BALB/c mouse
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 74:6227-9. 2000
    ..The results suggest that RSV G and/or SH proteins inhibit early MIP-1alpha, MIP-1beta, MIP-2, MCP-1, and IP-10 mRNA expression. TCA-3 mRNA expression was found to be increased during PIV-3 infection...
  8. ncbi request reprint TH(1)- and TH(2)-TYPE cytokine expression by activated t lymphocytes from the lung and spleen during the inflammatory response to respiratory syncytial virus
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, 30333, USA
    Cytokine 12:801-7. 2000
    ..These data demonstrate that RSV-induced pulmonary inflammation involves extensive cellular activation and cytokine expression, particularly by CD54(+)and CD102(+)lymphocytes in the lung...
  9. ncbi request reprint CD40 ligand (CD154) enhances the Th1 and antibody responses to respiratory syncytial virus in the BALB/c mouse
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Immunol 164:5913-21. 2000
    ..These data suggest that CD40L may have the adjuvant properties needed to optimize the safety and efficacy of RSV vaccines...
  10. pmc Respiratory syncytial virus infection and G and/or SH protein expression contribute to substance P, which mediates inflammation and enhanced pulmonary disease in BALB/c mice
    R A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 74:1614-22. 2000
    ..These data suggest that SP may be an important contributor to the inflammatory response to RSV infection and that anti-SP F(ab)(2) antibodies might be used to ameliorate RSV-associated disease...
  11. ncbi request reprint Respiratory syncytial virus G protein and G protein CX3C motif adversely affect CX3CR1+ T cell responses
    Jennifer Harcourt
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Viral and Enteric Virus Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Immunol 176:1600-8. 2006
    ..In addition, we show that CX3CR1+ cells constitute a major component of the cytotoxic response to RSV infection. These results suggest that G protein and the G protein CX3C motif reduce the antiviral T cell response to RSV infection...
  12. ncbi request reprint Pulmonary delivery of respiratory syncytial virus DNA vaccines using macroaggregated albumin particles
    Jennifer L Harcourt
    Respiratory and Enteric Viruses Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Infectious Diseases, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Mailstop G 09, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vaccine 22:2248-60. 2004
    ..This study shows that MAA may be a useful carrier for RSV DNA vaccines...
  13. pmc Prophylactic treatment with a G glycoprotein monoclonal antibody reduces pulmonary inflammation in respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-challenged naive and formalin-inactivated RSV-immunized BALB/c mice
    Gertrud U Radu
    Division of Viral Diseases, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop G 18, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Virol 84:9632-6. 2010
    ..It is possible that antibodies with similar reactivities might prevent enhanced disease and improve the safety of nonlive virus vaccines...
  14. ncbi request reprint Monoclonal antibodies to SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV): identification of neutralizing and antibodies reactive to S, N, M and E viral proteins
    Ralph A Tripp
    National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop G 09, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Virol Methods 128:21-8. 2005
    ..The mAbs characterized should prove useful for developing SARS-CoV diagnostic assays and for studying the biology of infection and pathogenesis of disease...
  15. ncbi request reprint Anti-G protein antibody responses to respiratory syncytial virus infection or vaccination are associated with inhibition of G protein CX3C-CX3CR1 binding and leukocyte chemotaxis
    Jennifer L Harcourt
    National Center for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Atlanta, GA, USA
    J Infect Dis 190:1936-40. 2004
    ..In the present study, we show that anti-RSV G protein antibody responses after recent RSV infection or vaccination are associated with inhibition of RSV G protein CX3C-CX3CR1 interaction and RSV G protein-mediated leukocyte chemotaxis...
  16. pmc Treatment with respiratory syncytial virus G glycoprotein monoclonal antibody or F(ab')2 components mediates reduced pulmonary inflammation in mice
    Congrong Miao
    National Centers for Immunization and Respiratory Disease, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Gen Virol 90:1119-23. 2009
    ..Thus, this mAb has two independent actions that could facilitate treatment and/or prevention of RSV infection by reducing both virus replication and virus-induced pulmonary inflammation...
  17. pmc Enhanced disease and pulmonary eosinophilia associated with formalin-inactivated respiratory syncytial virus vaccination are linked to G glycoprotein CX3C-CX3CR1 interaction and expression of substance P
    Lia M Haynes
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center of Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Virol 77:9831-44. 2003
    ..These data suggest that the G glycoprotein, and in particular the G glycoprotein CX3C motif, is key in the enhanced inflammatory response to FI-RSV vaccination, possibly through the induction of substance P...
  18. ncbi request reprint CD40 ligand (CD154) improves the durability of respiratory syncytial virus DNA vaccination in BALB/c mice
    Jennifer L Harcourt
    National Centers for Infectious Diseases, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Mailstop G 09, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Vaccine 21:2964-79. 2003
    ..The addition of CD40L to DNA vaccines encoding the F glycoprotein enhanced virus clearance and some aspects of the immune response to RSV challenge, suggesting that CD40L may enhance the durability of RSV DNA vaccines...
  19. pmc Human metapneumovirus persists in BALB/c mice despite the presence of neutralizing antibodies
    Rene Alvarez
    Division of Respiratory and Enteric Viruses, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Virol 78:14003-11. 2004
    ..This study shows that BALB/c mice are amenable for HMPV studies and indicates that HMPV persists as infectious virus in the lungs of normal mice for several weeks postinfection...
  20. pmc Combination therapy using monoclonal antibodies against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) G glycoprotein protects from RSV disease in BALB/c mice
    Hayat Caidi
    National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Division of Viral Diseases, Gastroenteritis and Respiratory Viruses Laboratory Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, Atlanta, GA, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e51485. 2012
    ..The results suggest that anti-RSV G protein mAbs that react at or near the CCR and can block RSV G protein-mediated activities are effective at preventing RSV disease and may be an effective strategy for RSV therapeutic treatment...
  21. ncbi request reprint Serological cross-reactivity of members of the Metapneumovirus genus
    Rene Alvarez
    Division of Respiratory and Enteric Viruses, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    Virus Res 105:67-73. 2004
    ..These reagents provide new tools and methods for investigating HMPV infection, for differentiating HMPV from RSV infection, and may be useful for characterizing potential links between HMPV with other respiratory complications...
  22. ncbi request reprint Therapeutic monoclonal antibody treatment targeting respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) G protein mediates viral clearance and reduces the pathogenesis of RSV infection in BALB/c mice
    Lia M Haynes
    National Centers for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Div of Viral Diseases, Respiratory and Gastroenteritis Viruses Branch, 1600 Clifton Rd NE, Mailstop G 18, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
    J Infect Dis 200:439-47. 2009
    ....
  23. pmc Neutralizing anti-F glycoprotein and anti-substance P antibody treatment effectively reduces infection and inflammation associated with respiratory syncytial virus infection
    Lia M Haynes
    Respiratory and Enteric Virus Branch, Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 76:6873-81. 2002
    ..The results suggest that combined anti-viral and anti-SP antibody treatment may be effective in treating RSV disease...
  24. pmc The G glycoprotein of respiratory syncytial virus depresses respiratory rates through the CX3C motif and substance P
    Ralph A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
    J Virol 77:6580-4. 2003
    ..These data suggest new approaches for treating some aspects of RSV disease...
  25. pmc A respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) anti-G protein F(ab')2 monoclonal antibody suppresses mucous production and breathing effort in RSV rA2-line19F-infected BALB/c mice
    Seyhan Boyoglu-Barnum
    Emory University Department of Pediatrics and Children s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    J Virol 87:10955-67. 2013
    ..These data suggest that the RSV G protein contributes to prominent manifestations of RSV disease and that MAb 131-2G can prevent these manifestations of RSV disease without inhibiting virus infection. ..
  26. doi request reprint Host gene expression and respiratory syncytial virus infection
    Ralph A Tripp
    Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 372:193-209. 2013
    ....
  27. pmc Subsisting H1N1 influenza memory responses are insufficient to protect from pandemic H1N1 influenza challenge in C57BL/6 mice
    Leo K Sage
    University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases, Athens, GA, USA
    J Gen Virol 94:1701-11. 2013
    ..These studies highlight the importance of vaccinating against immunodominant T-cell epitopes to provide for a more effective strategy to control influenza virus through heterosubtypic immunity. ..
  28. ncbi request reprint Bat cells from Pteropus alecto are susceptible to influenza A virus infection and reassortment
    Daniel Dlugolenski
    Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 7:900-3. 2013
    ..We show that Pteropus alecto kidney cells (PaKi) are susceptible to infection and sustain replication of A/WSN/33 (H1N1) and A/Vietnam/1203/04 (H5N1). Importantly, we show that co-infection of PaKi cells results in novel reassortants. ..
  29. doi request reprint Therapeutic applications of RNAi for silencing virus replication
    Ralph A Tripp
    Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, Center for Disease Intervention, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    Methods Mol Biol 555:43-61. 2009
    ..The methods and caveats to achieve these goals are discussed...
  30. ncbi request reprint An in vitro model of the leukocyte interactions associated with granuloma formation in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection
    Kristin A Birkness
    Mycobacteriology Laboratory Branch, Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    Immunol Cell Biol 85:160-8. 2007
    ..001). This model may provide insight into the earliest stages of granuloma formation in those newly infected...
  31. pmc Real-time detection of virus particles and viral protein expression with two-color nanoparticle probes
    Amit Agrawal
    Department of Biomedical Engineering and Chemistry, Emory University and Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30322, USA
    J Virol 79:8625-8. 2005
    ..A major development is use of dual-color quantum dots or fluorescence energy transfer nanobeads that can be simultaneously excited with a single light source...
  32. ncbi request reprint Adenovirus 36, adiposity, and bone strength in late-adolescent females
    Emma M Laing
    Department of Foods and Nutrition, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    J Bone Miner Res 28:489-96. 2013
    ..These data support an association of adiposity and cortical bone strength at the radius with the presence of neutralizing antibodies to Ad36 in late-adolescent females...
  33. pmc Surveillance of feral cats for influenza A virus in north central Florida
    James T Gordy
    Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA
    Influenza Other Respir Viruses 6:341-7. 2012
    ..Experimental infections have demonstrated transmission of influenza viruses in cats...
  34. ncbi request reprint Pathogenesis of respiratory syncytial virus infection
    Ralph A Tripp
    Division of Viral and Rickettsial Diseases, Viral and Enteric Virus Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia
    Viral Immunol 17:165-81. 2004
    ..This review summarizes important aspects of these findings, and provides current perspective on processes that may contribute to RSV disease pathogenesis...
  35. doi request reprint Comparison of the receptor binding properties of contemporary swine isolates and early human pandemic H1N1 isolates (Novel 2009 H1N1)
    Konrad C Bradley
    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1510 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Virology 413:169-82. 2011
    ....
  36. ncbi request reprint Counting single native biomolecules and intact viruses with color-coded nanoparticles
    Amit Agrawal
    Departments of Biomedical Engineering and Chemistry, Emory University and Georgia Institute of Technology, 101 Woodruff Circle Suite 2001, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
    Anal Chem 78:1061-70. 2006
    ....
  37. pmc Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infects neuronal cells and processes that innervate the lung by a process involving RSV G protein
    Xia Qing Li
    Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    J Virol 80:537-40. 2006
    ..These findings suggest a mechanism for disease chronicity and have important implications for RSV disease intervention strategies...
  38. ncbi request reprint Serum mannose-binding lectin levels are linked with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease
    Lucas Zimon Giacomini Ribeiro
    Laboratorio de Virologia, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia UFU, Av Pará, 1720, Bloco 4C, andar superior, Campus Umuarama, 38400 902, Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil
    J Clin Immunol 28:166-73. 2008
    ..These results suggest that low serum MBL levels may be a marker of RSV disease severity in children and that MBL may be important in limiting RSV disease pathogenesis...
  39. pmc The immune response to human metapneumovirus is associated with aberrant immunity and impaired virus clearance in BALB/c mice
    Rene Alvarez
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Infectious University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    J Virol 79:5971-8. 2005
    ..These features are consistent with virus persistence and indicate that the immune response to HMPV is unique compared to the immune response to RSV...
  40. pmc Bioconjugated nanoparticle detection of respiratory syncytial virus infection
    Ralph A Tripp
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Intervention, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Int J Nanomedicine 2:117-24. 2007
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint The brume surrounding respiratory syncytial virus persistence
    Ralph A Tripp
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 169:778-9. 2004
  42. ncbi request reprint Cytokines and respiratory syncytial virus infection
    Ralph A Tripp
    College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
    Proc Am Thorac Soc 2:147-9. 2005
    ..In this report, we discuss the role of cytokines and chemokines in the response to RSV infection, and the potential role for suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) proteins in regulating these responses...
  43. ncbi request reprint Perspective on the host response to human metapneumovirus infection: what can we learn from respiratory syncytial virus infections?
    Surendran Mahalingam
    Viral Arthritis Asthma Research Group, School of Health Sciences, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
    Microbes Infect 8:285-93. 2006
    ..This review provides a current perspective on the processes associated with HMPV infection, immunity, and disease pathogenesis...
  44. ncbi request reprint Rapid and sensitive detection of respiratory virus molecular signatures using a silver nanorod array SERS substrate
    Saratchandra Shanmukh
    Department of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy and Center for Disease Intervention, Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602, USA
    Nano Lett 6:2630-6. 2006
    ..The method provides rapid diagnostics for detection and characterization of viruses generating reproducible spectra without viral manipulation...